"read" meaning in English

See read in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ɹiːd/ [UK], /ɹid/ [General-American] Audio: En-uk-to read.ogg [UK], en-us-read.ogg [US] Forms: reads [plural]
enPR: rēd Rhymes: -iːd Etymology: From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”). Cognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*h₂er-}}, {{inh|en|enm|reden}} Middle English reden, {{inh|en|ang|rǣdan||to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read}} Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), {{inh|en|gmw-pro|*rādan}} Proto-West Germanic *rādan, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*rēdaną||advise, counsel}} Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*Hreh₁dʰ-||to arrange}} Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”), {{cog|sco|rede}} Scots rede, {{cog|stq|räide||to advise, counsel}} Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|fy|riede||to advise, counsel}} West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|nl|raden||to advise; guess, counsel, rede}} Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), {{cog|de|raten||to advise; guess}} German raten (“to advise; guess”), {{cog|da|råde||to advise}} Danish råde (“to advise”), {{cog|sv|råda||to advise, counsel}} Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|fa|رده||to order, to arrange, class|tr=rade}} Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} read (plural reads)
  1. A reading or an act of reading, especially of an actor's part of a play or a piece of stored data. Translations (a reading or an act of reading): че́тене (čétene) [neuter] (Bulgarian), четиво (četivo) [neuter] (Bulgarian), lecture [feminine] (French), पढ़ना (paṛhnā) (Hindi), olvasás (Hungarian), felolvasás (Hungarian), lesning [feminine] (Icelandic), lhaih [masculine] (Manx), lektura [feminine] (Polish), leitura [feminine] (Portuguese), lida [feminine] (Portuguese), ler (Portuguese), citire [feminine] (Romanian), lecturare (Romanian), intonare (english: actor) [feminine] (Romanian), पठति (paṭhati) (Sanskrit), lectura [feminine] (Spanish), läsning [common-gender] (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-read-en-noun-Mtm9kPTb Disambiguation of 'a reading or an act of reading': 64 1 4 30 2
  2. (in combination) Something to be read; a written work. Tags: in-compounds Translations ((in combination) something to be read; a written work): olvasmány (Hungarian), olvasnivaló (Hungarian)
    Sense id: en-read-en-noun-wLVltJJR Disambiguation of '(in combination) something to be read; a written work': 3 88 2 2 5
  3. A person's interpretation or impression of something. Translations (a person's interpretation or impression of something): olvasat (Hungarian), értelmezés (Hungarian)
    Sense id: en-read-en-noun-~5rEohSt Disambiguation of "a person's interpretation or impression of something": 3 0 93 2 1
  4. (at first especially in the black LGBT community) An instance of reading (“calling attention to someone's flaws; a taunt or insult”). Categories (topical): LGBT
    Sense id: en-read-en-noun-k0N7TdU-
  5. (biochemistry) The identification of a specific sequence of genes in a genome or bases in a nucleic acid string Categories (topical): Biochemistry
    Sense id: en-read-en-noun-LmCmWPCi Topics: biochemistry, biology, chemistry, microbiology, natural-sciences, physical-sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated

Verb

IPA: /ɹiːd/ [UK], /ɹid/ [General-American] Audio: En-uk-to read.ogg [UK], en-us-read.ogg [US] Forms: reads [present, singular, third-person], reading [participle, present], read [past], read [participle, past], readen [archaic, dialectal, participle, past], no-table-tags [table-tags], read [infinitive]
enPR: rēd Rhymes: -iːd Etymology: From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”). Cognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*h₂er-}}, {{inh|en|enm|reden}} Middle English reden, {{inh|en|ang|rǣdan||to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read}} Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), {{inh|en|gmw-pro|*rādan}} Proto-West Germanic *rādan, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*rēdaną||advise, counsel}} Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*Hreh₁dʰ-||to arrange}} Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”), {{cog|sco|rede}} Scots rede, {{cog|stq|räide||to advise, counsel}} Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|fy|riede||to advise, counsel}} West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|nl|raden||to advise; guess, counsel, rede}} Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), {{cog|de|raten||to advise; guess}} German raten (“to advise; guess”), {{cog|da|råde||to advise}} Danish råde (“to advise”), {{cog|sv|råda||to advise, counsel}} Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), {{cog|fa|رده||to order, to arrange, class|tr=rade}} Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”) Head templates: {{en-verb|reads|reading|read|past_ptc2=readen|past_ptc2_qual=archaic, dialectal}} read (third-person singular simple present reads, present participle reading, simple past read, past participle read or (archaic, dialectal) readen) Inflection templates: {{en-conj|past=read|past_ptc2=readen|past_ptc2_qual=obsolete}}
  1. (transitive or intransitive) To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written. Tags: intransitive, transitive Translations (to look at and interpret letters or other information): lees (Afrikaans), 𑜒𑜃𑜫 (ʼan) (Ahom), lexoj (Albanian), zgledh (Albanian), hilal (Aleut), ማንበብ (manbäb) (Amharic), ἀναγιγνώσκω (anagignṓskō) (Ancient Greek), ἐντυγχάνω (entunkhánō) (Ancient Greek), ἀναλέγω (analégō) (Ancient Greek), ἀνανέμω (ananémō) (Ancient Greek), قَرَأَ (qaraʔa) (Arabic), قَرَا (gara) [Hijazi-Arabic] (Arabic), قِري (giri) [Hijazi-Arabic] (Arabic), leyer (Aragonese), կարդալ (kardal) (Armenian), ընթերցել (əntʻercʻel) (Armenian), ghivãsescu (Aromanian), yivãsescu (Aromanian), dyivãsescu (Aromanian), পঢ় (porh) (Assamese), lleer (Asturian), oxumaq (Azerbaijani), уҡыу (uqıw) (Bashkir), irakurri (Basque), leitu (Basque), lesn (Bavarian), чыта́ць (čytácʹ) [imperfective] (Belarusian), прачыта́ць (pračytácʹ) [perfective] (Belarusian), পড়া (poṛa) (Bengali), lenn (Breton), чета́ (četá) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), прочета́ (pročetá) [perfective] (Bulgarian), ဖတ် (hpat) (Burmese), စာဖတ် (cahpat) (Burmese), llegir (Catalan), ɣer (Central Atlas Tamazight), basa (Central Dusun), خوێندن (xwêndin) (Central Kurdish), деша (deša) (Chechen), ᎠᎪᎵᏰᎠ (agoliyea) (Cherokee), -hoéstá (Cheyenne), нян (ni͡an) [Dungan] (Chinese), кан (kan) [Dungan] (Chinese), дў (dw) [Dungan] (Chinese), [Hokkien] (Chinese), (tha̍k) [Hokkien] (Chinese), (Chinese Cantonese), (duk⁶) (Chinese Cantonese), (Chinese Mandarin), (dú) (english: more literarily) (Chinese Mandarin), (kàn) (english: more colloquially) (Chinese Mandarin), калевэтгавык (kalevėtgavyk) (Chukchi), читати (čitati) [Cyrillic, imperfective] (Church Slavic), чьтати (čĭtati) [Cyrillic, imperfective] (Church Slavic), anneani (Chuukese), вула (vula) (Chuvash), lenna (Cornish), redya (Cornish), leghja (Corsican), číst [imperfective] (Czech), læse (Danish), خوانْدَن (xāndan) (Dari), lezen (Dutch), (Eastern Min Chinese), (tĕ̤k) (Eastern Min Chinese), leså (Elfdalian), legi (Esperanto), lugema (Estonian), vaatama (Estonian), таӈ- (taŋ-) (Even), таң- (alt: taң-) (Evenki), leyel (Extremaduran), leel (Extremaduran), lesa (Faroese), wilika (Fijian), lukea (Finnish), lire (French), ler (Galician), (Gan Chinese), (tuh⁷) (Gan Chinese), კითხვა (ḳitxva) (Georgian), lesen (German), läse [Alemannic-German] (German), 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌺𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽 (anakunnan) (Gothic), διαβάζω (diavázo) (Greek), atuarpoq (Greenlandic), atuarpaa (Greenlandic), moñe'ẽ (Guaraní), વાંચવું (vā̃cvũ) (Gujarati), li (Haitian Creole), (Hakka Chinese), (thu̍k) (Hakka Chinese), kar̃àntā (Hausa), heluhelu (Hawaiian), קָרָא (kará) (Hebrew), पढ़ना (paṛhnā) (Hindi), olvas (Hungarian), elolvas (Hungarian), lese (Hunsrik), lesa (Icelandic), lektar (Ido), kã̀ (Ifè), gba (Igala), gụ (Igbo), baca (Indonesian), lukkia (Ingrian), деша (deša) (Ingush), خوانْدَن (xândan) (Iranian Persian), خونْدَن (xundan) [Tehrani, colloquial] (Iranian Persian), léigh (Irish), lezi (Istriot), leggere (Italian), 読む (yomu) (alt: よむ) (Japanese), maca (Javanese), 익다 (ikda) (Jeju), (Jin Chinese), (dueh⁵) (Jin Chinese), ɣer (Kabyle), پَرُن (parun) (Kashmiri), оқу (oqu) (Kazakh), មើល (məəl) (Khmer), អាន (ʼaan) (Khmer), ло̄гкэ (lōgke) (Kildin Sami), tanga (Kituba), वाजचे (alt: vāj(ü)ce) (Konkani), 읽다 (ikda) (Korean), окуу (okuu) (Kyrgyz), meldar (alt: מילדאר) (Ladino), ອ່ານ (ʼān) (Lao), skaiteit (Latgalian), legō (Latin), lasīt (Latvian), leuze (Maastricht) (Limburgish), tánga (Lingala), skaityti (Lithuanian), leg (Lombard), lir (Louisiana Creole), cytaś [imperfective] (Lower Sorbian), ká (Lucumí), kawé [intransitive] (Lucumí), liesen (Luxembourgish), ᦀᦱᧃᧈ (˙ʼaan¹) (), чита (čita) [imperfective] (Macedonian), baca (Malay), വായിക്കുക (vāyikkuka) (Malayalam), വായന (vāyana) (Malayalam), qara (Maltese), ᡨᡠ᠋ᠸᠠᠮᠪᡳ (tuwambi) (Manchu), basa (Mansaka), lhaih (Manx), usoma (Maore Comorian), rīti (Maori), वाचणे (vāċṇe) (Marathi), reden (Middle English), lire (Middle French), 닑다〮 (nìlktá) (Middle Korean), baco (Minangkabau), унших (unšix) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ (uŋsiqu) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ⵖⵔ (ɣr) (Moroccan Amazigh), pōhua (Nahuatl), ółtaʼ (Navajo), legge (Neapolitan), पढ्नु (paḍhnu) (Nepali), usoma (Ngazidja Comorian), rid (Nigerian Pidgin), liéthe (Norman), leese [Mooring, dialectal] (North Frisian), lees [Föhr-Amrum] (North Frisian), xwendin (Northern Kurdish), xwandin (Northern Kurdish), (Northern Min Chinese), (dŭ) (Northern Min Chinese), lohkat (Northern Sami), ᩋ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨶ (Northern Thai), lese (Norwegian Bokmål), lesa (Norwegian Nynorsk), legir (Occitan), ପଢିବା (pôḍhiba) (Odia), 読むん (yumun) (Okinawan), читати (čitati) [imperfective] (Old East Slavic), rǣdan (Old English), lire (Old French), waca (Old Javanese), lesan (Old Saxon), leer (Old Spanish), kà (Olukumi), beekuu (Oromo), lesa (Papiamentu), لوستل (lwastǝl) (Pashto), lese (Pennsylvania German), خْوَانْدَن (xwāndan) (Persian), lese (Piedmontese), czytać [imperfective] (Polish), przeczytać [perfective] (Polish), ler (Portuguese), ñawilliy (Quechua), ñawiy (Quechua), qillqaqhaway (Quechua), ñawinchay (Quechua), liyiy (Quechua), a citi (Romanian), a lectura (Romanian), leɡer (Romansch), liɡer (Romansch), ler (Romansch), чита́ть (čitátʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), прочита́ть (pročitátʹ) [perfective] (Russian), faitau (Samoan), पठ् (paṭh) (Sanskrit), पठति (paṭhati) (Sanskrit), lègere (Sardinian), lèghere (Sardinian), lèzere (Sardinian), lígere (Sardinian), ligi (Sardinian), lígiri (Sardinian), lízere (Sardinian), read (Scots), rede (Scots), leugh (Scottish Gaelic), чѝтати [Cyrillic, imperfective] (Serbo-Croatian), čìtati [Roman, imperfective] (Serbo-Croatian), လူလိၵ်ႈ (lǔu līk) (Shan), ဢၢၼ်ႇ (ʼàan) (Shan), lèggiri (Sicilian), liggiri (Sicilian), lèiri (Sicilian), liiri (Sicilian), پڙهڻ (parhanu) (Sindhi), කියවනවා (kiyawanawā) (Sinhalese), čítať [imperfective] (Slovak), brati [imperfective] (Slovene), čìtati [imperfective] (Slovene), bala (Sotho), leer (Spanish), leisi (Sranan Tongo), kusoma (Swahili), läsa (Swedish), ꠙꠠꠣ (foṛa) (Sylheti), bumasa (Tagalog), basahin (Tagalog), magbasa (Tagalog), taió (Tahitian), ꪮ꪿ꪱꪙ (Tai Dam), хондан (xondan) (Tajik), hande (Talysh), வாசி (vāci) (Tamil), படி (paṭi) (Tamil), xundən (Tat), укырга (uqırga) (Tatar), చదువు (caduvu) (Telugu), lee (Tetum), อ่าน (àan) (Thai), ཀློག (klog) (Tibetan), ལྗགས་ཀློག (ljags klog) [honorific] (Tibetan), okumak (Turkish), okamak (Turkmen), чита́ти (čytáty) [imperfective] (Ukrainian), прочита́ти (pročytáty) [perfective] (Ukrainian), čitać [imperfective] (Upper Sorbian), پَڑْھنا (paṛhnā) (Urdu), ئوقۇماق (oqumaq) (Uyghur), oʻqimoq (Uzbek), lèzar (Venetian), lèzer (Venetian), lezar (Venetian), lezer (Venetian), lèxar (Venetian), lèxer (Venetian), leđer (Venetian), đọc (Vietnamese), łaoza (Vilamovian), reidön (Volapük), lére (Walloon), darllen (Welsh), leezn (West Flemish), lêze (West Frisian), (Wu Chinese), (Wu Chinese), (Xiang Chinese), (dou⁶) (Xiang Chinese), аах (aaq) (Yakut), לייענען (leyenen) (Yiddish), לעזן (lezn) (Yiddish), kà [transitive] (Yoruba), kàwé [intransitive] (Yoruba), xook (Yucatec Maya), dog (Zhuang), doeg (Zhuang)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-lfRt5JzD Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of 'to look at and interpret letters or other information': 51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3
  2. (transitive or intransitive) To speak aloud words or other information that is written. (often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object) Tags: intransitive, transitive Synonyms: read aloud, read out, read out loud, speak Translations (to speak aloud words or other information that is written): lees (Afrikaans), lexon (Albanian), ἀναγιγνώσκω (anagignṓskō) (Ancient Greek), προαναγιγνώσκω (proanagignṓskō) (Ancient Greek), قَرَأَ (qaraʔa) (Arabic), կարդալ (kardal) (Armenian), ընթերցել (əntʻercʻel) (Armenian), lleer (Asturian), уҡыу (uqıw) (Bashkir), irakurri (Basque), чыта́ць (čytácʹ) [imperfective] (Belarusian), lenn (Breton), чета́ (četá) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), прочета́ (pročetá) [perfective] (Bulgarian), ဖတ် (hpat) (Burmese), llegir (Catalan), خوێندن (xwêndin) (Central Kurdish), еша (ješa) (Chechen), (Chinese Mandarin), (dú) (english: more literarily) (Chinese Mandarin), (niàn) (english: more colloquially) (Chinese Mandarin), číst (Czech), předčítat (Czech), læse (Danish), voorlezen (Dutch), legi (Esperanto), laŭtlegi (Esperanto), lugema (Estonian), lesa (Faroese), lukea (Finnish), lire (French), ler (Galician), კითხვა (ḳitxva) (Georgian), vorlesen (German), 𐌿𐍃𐍃𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍅𐌰𐌽 (ussiggwan) (Gothic), διαβάζω (diavázo) (Greek), moñe'ẽ I (Guaraní), heluhelu (Hawaiian), קרא (kará) (Hebrew), הקריא (hikrí) (Hebrew), पढ़ना (paṛhnā) (Hindi), felolvas (Hungarian), lesa (Icelandic), léigh (Irish), leggere (Italian), leggere ad alta voce (Italian), 読む (yomu) (alt: よむ) (Japanese), 読み上げる (yomiageru) (alt: よみあげる) (Japanese), پَرُن (parun) (Kashmiri), មើល (merl) (Khmer), អាន (ān) (Khmer), 읽다 (ikda) (Korean), recitō (Latin), lasīt (Latvian), skaityti (Lithuanian), baca (Malay), qara (Maltese), ᡥᡡᠯᠠᠮᠪᡳ (hūlambi) (Manchu), lhaih (Manx), kōrero (Maori), pānui (Maori), унших (unšix) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ (uŋsiqu) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), वाचन गर्नु (vācan garnu) (Nepali), usomea (Ngazidja Comorian), liéthe (Norman), xwendin (Northern Kurdish), xwandin (Northern Kurdish), lese (Norwegian Bokmål), lesa (Norwegian Nynorsk), خوانْدَن (xândan) (Persian), خونْدَن (xundan) [Tehrani, colloquial] (Persian), lese (Piedmontese), czytać [imperfective] (Polish), odczytywać (Polish), odczytać (Polish), ler (Portuguese), ਵਾਚਣਾ (vācṇā) (Punjabi), citi (Romanian), чита́ть (čitátʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), прочита́ть (pročitátʹ) [perfective] (Russian), पठति (paṭhati) (Sanskrit), leugh (Scottish Gaelic), чѝтати [Cyrillic, imperfective] (Serbo-Croatian), čìtati [Roman, imperfective] (Serbo-Croatian), čítať (Slovak), brati (Slovene), bala (Sotho), leer (Spanish), soma (Swahili), kusomea (Swahili), läsa (Swedish), bumasa (Tagalog), basahin (Tagalog), taió (Tahitian), వల్లెవేయు (vallevēyu) (Telugu), อ่าน (àan) (Thai), อ่านออกเสียง (àan ɔ̀ɔk sǐiang) (Thai), laua (Tongan), okumak (Turkish), پَڑْھنا (paṛhnā) (Urdu), đọc (Vietnamese), darllen (Welsh), lêze (West Frisian), לייענען (leyenen) (Yiddish), לעזן (lezn) (Yiddish)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-uFXsZEtl Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of 'to speak aloud words or other information that is written': 21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3
  3. (transitive) To read work(s) written by (a named author). Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-a0GK1Btm Categories (other): Pages using lite templates
  4. (transitive) To interpret, or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc., from. Tags: transitive Translations (to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from): lleer (Asturian), уҡыу (uqıw) (Bashkir), уҡый белеү (uqıy belew) (Bashkir), чета́ (četá) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), прочета́ (pročetá) [perfective] (Bulgarian), llegir (Catalan), خوێندن (xwêndin) (Central Kurdish), číst (Czech), být gramotný (Czech), lezen (Dutch), legi (Esperanto), lugema (Estonian), lukea (Finnish), lire (French), lesen können (German), olvas (Hungarian), kiigazodik (Hungarian), megfejt (Hungarian), értelmez (Hungarian), baca (Indonesian), léigh (Irish), leggere (Italian), lego (Latin), lasīt (Latvian), lhaih (Manx), liéthe (Norman), xwendin (Northern Kurdish), xwandin (Northern Kurdish), lese (Norwegian Bokmål), lesa (Norwegian Nynorsk), خواندن (xândan) (Persian), خوندن (xundan) [Tehrani, colloquial] (Persian), czytać [imperfective] (Polish), ler (Portuguese), putea citi (Romanian), citi (Romanian), lectura (Romanian), чита́ть (čitátʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), прочита́ть (pročitátʹ) [perfective] (Russian), läsa (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-s87pQn6X Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of 'to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from': 6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2
  5. To consist of certain text. Translations (to consist of certain text): глася́ (glasjá) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), lukea (Finnish), γράφω (gráfo) (Greek), olvasható (Hungarian), áll (Hungarian), hangzik (Hungarian), berbunyi (Indonesian), dizer (Portuguese), гласи́ть (glasítʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), decir [Latin-America] (Spanish), poner [Spain] (Spanish), chỉ (Vietnamese), đề (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-vkl458Vh Categories (other): Pages using lite templates, English links with redundant wikilinks Disambiguation of English links with redundant wikilinks: 3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2 Disambiguation of 'to consist of certain text': 2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1
  6. (ergative) Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way. Tags: ergative Translations (of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way): atzeman (Basque), тълку́вам (tǎlkúvam) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), llegir-se (Catalan), číst se (Czech), gelezen worden (Dutch), lukea (Finnish), se lire (French), gelesen werden (German), olvasandó (Hungarian), olvasható (Hungarian), íródik (Hungarian), dibaca (Indonesian), leggersi (Italian), legor (Latin), czytać się [imperfective] (Polish), ler-se (Portuguese), a fi citit (Romanian), a fi lecturat (Romanian), толкова́ть (tolkovátʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), leerse (Spanish), interpertase (Spanish), entenderse (Spanish), viết (Vietnamese), ghi (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-C1MklQhO Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of 'of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way': 3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1
  7. (transitive, frequently humorous) To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text. Tags: transitive Synonyms: sic pro Translations (to substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text): olvasd (Hungarian)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-NpsE~6XF Disambiguation of 'to substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text': 1 2 0 1 4 2 71 3 5 1 1 3 2 1 1 0 0 1
  8. (informal, usually ironic) Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term. Tags: informal, ironic, usually Translations ((informal, usually ironic) used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term): értsd (Hungarian)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-eu3lGEZ8 Disambiguation of '(informal, usually ironic) used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term': 2 4 1 9 2 1 10 58 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2
  9. (transitive, telecommunications) To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection. Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Telecommunications, Communication Translations (to be able to hear (in a radio connection)): чу́вам (čúvam) [imperfective] (Bulgarian), sentir (Catalan), ontvangen (Dutch), horen (Dutch), kuulma (Estonian), kuulla (Finnish), recevoir (French), verstehen (German), vesz (Hungarian), hall (Hungarian), ért (Hungarian), megért (Hungarian), mengerti (Indonesian), ricevere (Italian), bîstin (Northern Kurdish), bihîstin (Northern Kurdish), forstå (Norwegian Bokmål), høre (Norwegian Bokmål), oppfatte (Norwegian Bokmål), copiar (Portuguese), förstå (Swedish), höra (Swedish), uppfatta (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-HGmY0bqn Disambiguation of Communication: 3 0 5 6 2 5 6 0 8 1 1 1 4 14 1 4 5 0 1 7 1 7 8 6 6 Categories (other): Pages using lite templates, English links with redundant wikilinks, Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of English links with redundant wikilinks: 3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2 Disambiguation of Pages using lite templates: 1 1 1 2 2 5 6 5 6 8 6 3 1 11 6 5 8 7 1 1 1 1 1 6 7 Topics: communications, electrical-engineering, engineering, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, telecommunications Disambiguation of 'to be able to hear (in a radio connection)': 3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1
  10. (transitive, rail transport) To observe and comprehend (a displayed signal). Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Rail transportation Translations (to observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)): leolvas (Hungarian)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-IPlbsTR1 Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Topics: rail-transport, railways, transport Disambiguation of 'to observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)': 3 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 2 79 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 1
  11. (transitive, Commonwealth, except Scotland) To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks. Tags: Commonwealth, transitive Translations (to make a study of): estudiar (Catalan), omandama (Estonian), lesa (Faroese), lukea (Finnish), opiskella (Finnish), étudier (French), studieren (German), hören (German), पढ़ना (paṛhnā) (Hindi), tanul (Hungarian), hallgat (Hungarian), pelajari (Indonesian), studere (Latin), പഠിക്കുക (paṭhikkuka) (Malayalam), machtia (Nahuatl), vekolîn (Northern Kurdish), studere (Norwegian Bokmål), czytać (Polish), studiować (Polish), estudar (Portuguese), изуча́ть (izučátʹ) (Russian), estudiar (Spanish), studera (Swedish), aralin (Tagalog), okumak (Turkish), học (Vietnamese), nghiên cứu (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-bcKcP945 Categories (other): Commonwealth English, Pages using lite templates Disambiguation of 'to make a study of': 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  12. (computing, transitive) To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.). Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Computing Translations (to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)): beolvas (Hungarian), baca (Indonesian), ler (Portuguese)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-0nN5Q83r Categories (other): Pages using lite templates, English entries with incorrect language header, English links with redundant wikilinks Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16 Disambiguation of English links with redundant wikilinks: 3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2 Topics: computing, engineering, mathematics, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, sciences Disambiguation of 'to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)': 2 2 0 5 5 1 4 1 9 1 1 62 2 1 2 0 1 2
  13. (transitive, LGBT) To recognise (someone) as being transgender. Tags: transitive Categories (topical): LGBT
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-fRNrpZjk Categories (other): Pages using lite templates Topics: LGBT, lifestyle, sexuality
  14. (at first especially in the black LGBT community) To call attention to the flaws of (someone) in either a playful, a taunting, or an insulting way. Categories (topical): LGBT
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-IG02JVP5
  15. (go) To imagine sequences of potential moves and responses without actually placing stones. Categories (topical): Go Translations (to imagine sequences of moves): 読む (yomu) (alt: よむ) (Japanese)
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-wTiVuHHc Disambiguation of 'to imagine sequences of moves': 5 4 1 5 4 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 3 2 49 3 3 4
  16. (obsolete) To think, believe; to consider (that). Tags: obsolete
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-Yba-A8WN
  17. (obsolete) To advise; to counsel. See rede. Tags: obsolete
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-Js3nRCIf
  18. (obsolete) To tell; to declare; to recite. Tags: obsolete
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-pE0Rw0rq
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: read Hyponyms: skim

Verb

IPA: /ɹɛd/ Audio: en-us-read-past.ogg [US]
enPR: rĕd Rhymes: -ɛd Etymology: From Middle English redde (simple past), red, rad (past participle), from Old English rǣdde (simple past), (ġe)rǣded (past participle), conjugations of rǣdan (“to read”); see above. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|redde|pos=simple past}} Middle English redde (simple past), {{inh|en|ang|rǣdde|pos=simple past}} Old English rǣdde (simple past) Head templates: {{head|en|verb form}} read
  1. inflection of read:
    simple past tense
    Tags: form-of
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-tRCRTOMK Categories (other): English links with redundant wikilinks, English discourse markers, English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English heteronyms Disambiguation of English discourse markers: 2 1 2 3 4 2 4 1 2 7 1 6 2 7 2 3 8 4 2 3 1 1 2 14 16 Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 2 0 2 3 5 1 3 1 2 6 0 9 1 12 2 2 8 6 2 2 0 1 2 18 12 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 2 0 1 3 4 1 3 0 2 6 1 7 1 9 3 2 8 4 2 2 0 1 2 21 15 Disambiguation of English heteronyms: 2 1 1 3 4 2 3 1 2 8 1 8 2 7 3 3 9 4 2 2 1 2 1 13 15
  2. inflection of read:
    past participle
    Tags: form-of, participle, past
    Sense id: en-read-en-verb-aoq4DNvL Categories (other): English links with redundant wikilinks, English discourse markers, English entries with incorrect language header, English heteronyms Disambiguation of English discourse markers: 2 1 2 3 4 2 4 1 2 7 1 6 2 7 2 3 8 4 2 3 1 1 2 14 16 Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16 Disambiguation of English heteronyms: 2 1 1 3 4 2 3 1 2 8 1 8 2 7 3 3 9 4 2 2 1 2 1 13 15
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: read Hyponyms: skim
Etymology number: 2

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for read meaning in English (133.4kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "arread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "beread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "beta-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "book-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "dictated but not read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "half-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hate-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "have one's head read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "leave someone on read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lip read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lip-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "mind-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "misread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "must-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "overread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "readable"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read along"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-along"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-aloud"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-around ratio"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read between the lines"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read dating"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read 'em and weep"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "reader"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-eval-print loop"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read for"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read in"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "reading"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read into"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read like a book"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read like an open book"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read lips"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read me"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read minds"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read my lips"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read off"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read oneself in"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-only"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-only access"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-only memory"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read out"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read over"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read receipt"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone for filth"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone like a book"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone's beads"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone's lips"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone's mind"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone the riot act"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read someone to filth"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read the green"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read the mail"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read the room"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read the table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-through"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read through"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read up"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read up on"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-write"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "RTFM"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sight-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sight read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "speed-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "take something as read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "teach to read and write"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "too long"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "didn't read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "unread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "well-read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "WORM"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Write Once Read Many"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cold read"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂er-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "reden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English reden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdan",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*rādan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *rādan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*rēdaną",
        "4": "",
        "5": "advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hreh₁dʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to arrange"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots rede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "räide",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "riede",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "raden",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess, counsel, rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "raten",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess"
      },
      "expansion": "German raten (“to advise; guess”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "råde",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish råde (“to advise”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "råda",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "رده",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to order, to arrange, class",
        "tr": "rade"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”).\nCognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "reads",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "reading",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "readen",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "dialectal",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "en-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "reads",
        "2": "reading",
        "3": "read",
        "past_ptc2": "readen",
        "past_ptc2_qual": "archaic, dialectal"
      },
      "expansion": "read (third-person singular simple present reads, present participle reading, simple past read, past participle read or (archaic, dialectal) readen)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "skim"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "past": "read",
        "past_ptc2": "readen",
        "past_ptc2_qual": "obsolete"
      },
      "name": "en-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Have you read this book?"
        },
        {
          "text": "He doesn’t like to read."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond",
          "text": "During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Robert M. Evenson, “\"Liberated\" Woman\"”, in The Cincinnati Enquirer",
          "text": "She reads Playgirl magazine, goes to a male-strip joint and then complains about sexual harassment on the job.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1983, James C. H. Shen, “A Round of Calls”, in Robert Myers, editor, The U.S. & Free China: How the U.S. Sold Out Its Ally, Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books Ltd., page 112",
          "text": "On this occasion he was carrying in his right hand a copy of the English-language China News, an odd touch because the President did not read English.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-lfRt5JzD",
      "links": [
        [
          "written",
          "written"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive or intransitive) To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lees"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "aho",
          "lang": "Ahom",
          "roman": "ʼan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "𑜒𑜃𑜫"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lexoj"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "zgledh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ale",
          "lang": "Aleut",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "hilal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "am",
          "lang": "Amharic",
          "roman": "manbäb",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ማንበብ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qaraʔa",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "قَرَأَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "gara",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Hijazi-Arabic"
          ],
          "word": "قَرَا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "giri",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Hijazi-Arabic"
          ],
          "word": "قِري"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "an",
          "lang": "Aragonese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leyer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "kardal",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "կարդալ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "əntʻercʻel",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ընթերցել"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rup",
          "lang": "Aromanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ghivãsescu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rup",
          "lang": "Aromanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "yivãsescu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rup",
          "lang": "Aromanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "dyivãsescu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "as",
          "lang": "Assamese",
          "roman": "porh",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "পঢ়"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lleer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "oxumaq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "uqıw",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "уҡыу"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "irakurri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leitu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bar",
          "lang": "Bavarian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "čytácʹ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чыта́ць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pračytácʹ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прачыта́ць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "poṛa",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "পড়া"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lenn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "četá",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pročetá",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "hpat",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ဖတ်"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "cahpat",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "စာဖတ်"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "llegir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tzm",
          "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ɣer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "dtp",
          "lang": "Central Dusun",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "basa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ce",
          "lang": "Chechen",
          "roman": "deša",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "деша"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "chr",
          "lang": "Cherokee",
          "roman": "agoliyea",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ᎠᎪᎵᏰᎠ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "chy",
          "lang": "Cheyenne",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "-hoéstá"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "duk⁶",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "ni͡an",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Dungan"
          ],
          "word": "нян"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "kan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Dungan"
          ],
          "word": "кан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "dw",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Dungan"
          ],
          "word": "дў"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cdo",
          "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cdo",
          "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
          "roman": "tĕ̤k",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gan",
          "lang": "Gan Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gan",
          "lang": "Gan Chinese",
          "roman": "tuh⁷",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "roman": "thu̍k",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "tha̍k",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cjy",
          "lang": "Jin Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cjy",
          "lang": "Jin Chinese",
          "roman": "dueh⁵",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "english": "more literarily",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "dú",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "english": "more colloquially",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "kàn",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "看"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mnp",
          "lang": "Northern Min Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mnp",
          "lang": "Northern Min Chinese",
          "roman": "dŭ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "wuu",
          "lang": "Wu Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "wuu",
          "lang": "Wu Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hsn",
          "lang": "Xiang Chinese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hsn",
          "lang": "Xiang Chinese",
          "roman": "dou⁶",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ckt",
          "lang": "Chukchi",
          "roman": "kalevėtgavyk",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "калевэтгавык"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "chk",
          "lang": "Chuukese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "anneani"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cv",
          "lang": "Chuvash",
          "roman": "vula",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "вула"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lenna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "redya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "co",
          "lang": "Corsican",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leghja"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "číst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "læse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lezen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ovd",
          "lang": "Elfdalian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leså"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "legi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lugema"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "vaatama"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "eve",
          "lang": "Even",
          "roman": "taŋ-",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "таӈ-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "alt": "taң-",
          "code": "evn",
          "lang": "Evenki",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "таң-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ext",
          "lang": "Extremaduran",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leyel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ext",
          "lang": "Extremaduran",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fj",
          "lang": "Fijian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "wilika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "frm",
          "lang": "Middle French",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fro",
          "lang": "Old French",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ḳitxva",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "კითხვა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Alemannic-German"
          ],
          "word": "läse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "got",
          "lang": "Gothic",
          "roman": "anakunnan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌺𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "diavázo",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "διαβάζω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "anagignṓskō",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ἀναγιγνώσκω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "entunkhánō",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ἐντυγχάνω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "analégō",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ἀναλέγω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "ananémō",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ἀνανέμω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kl",
          "lang": "Greenlandic",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "atuarpoq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kl",
          "lang": "Greenlandic",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "atuarpaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gn",
          "lang": "Guaraní",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "moñe'ẽ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "vā̃cvũ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "વાંચવું"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "li"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ha",
          "lang": "Hausa",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "kar̃àntā"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "haw",
          "lang": "Hawaiian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "heluhelu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "kará",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "קָרָא"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "पढ़ना"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "olvas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "elolvas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hrx",
          "lang": "Hunsrik",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lektar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ife",
          "lang": "Ifè",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "kã̀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "igl",
          "lang": "Igala",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "gba"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ig",
          "lang": "Igbo",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "gụ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "baca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "izh",
          "lang": "Ingrian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lukkia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "inh",
          "lang": "Ingush",
          "roman": "deša",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "деша"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "léigh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ist",
          "lang": "Istriot",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lezi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leggere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "alt": "よむ",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "yomu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "読む"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "maca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "jje",
          "lang": "Jeju",
          "roman": "ikda",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "익다"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kab",
          "lang": "Kabyle",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ɣer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ks",
          "lang": "Kashmiri",
          "roman": "parun",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "پَرُن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "oqu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "оқу"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "məəl",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "មើល"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "ʼaan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "អាន"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sjd",
          "lang": "Kildin Sami",
          "roman": "lōgke",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ло̄гкэ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ktu",
          "lang": "Kituba",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "tanga"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "alt": "vāj(ü)ce",
          "code": "kok",
          "lang": "Konkani",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "वाजचे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "ikda",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "읽다"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "xwêndin",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "خوێندن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "xwendin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "xwandin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "okuu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "окуу"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "alt": "מילדאר",
          "code": "lad",
          "lang": "Ladino",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "meldar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "ʼān",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ອ່ານ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ltg",
          "lang": "Latgalian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "skaiteit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "legō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lasīt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "li",
          "lang": "Limburgish",
          "roman": "Maastricht",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leuze"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ln",
          "lang": "Lingala",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "tánga"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "skaityti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lmo",
          "lang": "Lombard",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leg"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lou",
          "lang": "Louisiana Creole",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "khb",
          "lang": "Lü",
          "roman": "˙ʼaan¹",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ᦀᦱᧃᧈ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "luq",
          "lang": "Lucumí",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ká"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "luq",
          "lang": "Lucumí",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "intransitive"
          ],
          "word": "kawé"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liesen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "čita",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чита"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "baca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "vāyikkuka",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "വായിക്കുക"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "vāyana",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "വായന"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "qara"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mnc",
          "lang": "Manchu",
          "roman": "tuwambi",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ᡨᡠ᠋ᠸᠠᠮᠪᡳ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "msk",
          "lang": "Mansaka",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "basa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lhaih"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "swb",
          "lang": "Maore Comorian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "usoma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "rīti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "vāċṇe",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "वाचणे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "reden"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "okm",
          "lang": "Middle Korean",
          "roman": "nìlktá",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "닑다〮"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "min",
          "lang": "Minangkabau",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "baco"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "unšix",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "унших"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "uŋsiqu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zgh",
          "lang": "Moroccan Amazigh",
          "roman": "ɣr",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ⵖⵔ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nah",
          "lang": "Nahuatl",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "pōhua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ółtaʼ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nap",
          "lang": "Neapolitan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "legge"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ne",
          "lang": "Nepali",
          "roman": "paḍhnu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "पढ्नु"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "zdj",
          "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "usoma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pcm",
          "lang": "Nigerian Pidgin",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "rid"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nrm",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liéthe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "frr",
          "lang": "North Frisian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Mooring",
            "dialectal"
          ],
          "word": "leese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "frr",
          "lang": "North Frisian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Föhr-Amrum"
          ],
          "word": "lees"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "se",
          "lang": "Northern Sami",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lohkat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nod",
          "lang": "Northern Thai",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ᩋ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨶ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "legir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "or",
          "lang": "Odia",
          "roman": "pôḍhiba",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ପଢିବା"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ryu",
          "lang": "Okinawan",
          "roman": "yumun",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "読むん"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cu",
          "lang": "Church Slavic",
          "roman": "čitati",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "читати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cu",
          "lang": "Church Slavic",
          "roman": "čĭtati",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чьтати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "orv",
          "lang": "Old East Slavic",
          "roman": "čitati",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "читати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "rǣdan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "kaw",
          "lang": "Old Javanese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "waca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "osx",
          "lang": "Old Saxon",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ulb",
          "lang": "Olukumi",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "kà"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "om",
          "lang": "Oromo",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "beekuu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pap",
          "lang": "Papiamentu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "lwastǝl",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "لوستل"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pdc",
          "lang": "Pennsylvania German",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "raw_tags": [
            "Classical Persian"
          ],
          "roman": "xwāndan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "خْوَانْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Dari",
          "roman": "xāndan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "خوانْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Iranian Persian",
          "roman": "xândan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "خوانْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Iranian Persian",
          "roman": "xundan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Tehrani",
            "colloquial"
          ],
          "word": "خونْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pms",
          "lang": "Piedmontese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "czytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "przeczytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ñawilliy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ñawiy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "qillqaqhaway"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ñawinchay"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liyiy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "a citi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "a lectura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leɡer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liɡer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "čitátʹ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pročitátʹ",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sm",
          "lang": "Samoan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "faitau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "paṭh",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "पठ्"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "paṭhati",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "पठति"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lègere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèghere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèzere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lígere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ligi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lígiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lízere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "read"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "rede"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leugh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чѝтати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "čìtati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "shn",
          "lang": "Shan",
          "roman": "lǔu līk",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "လူလိၵ်ႈ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "shn",
          "lang": "Shan",
          "roman": "ʼàan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ဢၢၼ်ႇ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèggiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liggiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "liiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sd",
          "lang": "Sindhi",
          "roman": "parhanu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "پڙهڻ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "si",
          "lang": "Sinhalese",
          "roman": "kiyawanawā",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "කියවනවා"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "čítať"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "brati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "čìtati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "cytaś"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "hsb",
          "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "čitać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "st",
          "lang": "Sotho",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "bala"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "osp",
          "lang": "Old Spanish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "srn",
          "lang": "Sranan Tongo",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leisi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "kusoma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "läsa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "syl",
          "lang": "Sylheti",
          "roman": "foṛa",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ꠙꠠꠣ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "bumasa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "basahin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "magbasa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ty",
          "lang": "Tahitian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "taió"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "blt",
          "lang": "Tai Dam",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ꪮ꪿ꪱꪙ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "xondan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "хондан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tly",
          "lang": "Talysh",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "hande"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "vāci",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "வாசி"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "paṭi",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "படி"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ttt",
          "lang": "Tat",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "xundən"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tt",
          "lang": "Tatar",
          "roman": "uqırga",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "укырга"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "caduvu",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "చదువు"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tet",
          "lang": "Tetum",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lee"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "àan",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "อ่าน"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "klog",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ཀློག"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "ljags klog",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "honorific"
          ],
          "word": "ལྗགས་ཀློག"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "okumak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "okamak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "čytáty",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чита́ти"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pročytáty",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочита́ти"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "پَڑْھنا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "oqumaq",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "ئوقۇماق"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "oʻqimoq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèzar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèzer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lezar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lezer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèxar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lèxer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leđer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "đọc"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "wym",
          "lang": "Vilamovian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "łaoza"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "reidön"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "wa",
          "lang": "Walloon",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lére"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "darllen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "vls",
          "lang": "West Flemish",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "leezn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "lêze"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "sah",
          "lang": "Yakut",
          "roman": "aaq",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "аах"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "leyenen",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "לייענען"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "lezn",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "לעזן"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yo",
          "lang": "Yoruba",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "transitive"
          ],
          "word": "kà"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yo",
          "lang": "Yoruba",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "tags": [
            "intransitive"
          ],
          "word": "kàwé"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "yua",
          "lang": "Yucatec Maya",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "xook"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "za",
          "lang": "Zhuang",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "dog"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 6 1 11 3 2 2 1 4 3 1 3 1 2 1 2 2 3",
          "code": "za",
          "lang": "Zhuang",
          "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
          "word": "doeg"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He read us a passage from his new book."
        },
        {
          "text": "All right, class, who wants to read next?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest",
          "text": "He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement. […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To speak aloud words or other information that is written. (often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object)"
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-uFXsZEtl",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive or intransitive) To speak aloud words or other information that is written. (often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object)"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "read aloud"
        },
        {
          "word": "read out"
        },
        {
          "word": "read out loud"
        },
        {
          "word": "speak"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lees"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lexon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qaraʔa",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "قَرَأَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "kardal",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "կարդալ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "əntʻercʻel",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ընթերցել"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lleer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "uqıw",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "уҡыу"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "irakurri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "čytácʹ",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чыта́ць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lenn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "četá",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pročetá",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "hpat",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ဖတ်"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "llegir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ce",
          "lang": "Chechen",
          "roman": "ješa",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "еша"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "讀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "english": "more literarily",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "dú",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "读"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "zh",
          "english": "more colloquially",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "niàn",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "念"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "číst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "předčítat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "læse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "voorlezen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "legi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "laŭtlegi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lugema"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ḳitxva",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "კითხვა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "vorlesen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "got",
          "lang": "Gothic",
          "roman": "ussiggwan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "𐌿𐍃𐍃𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍅𐌰𐌽"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "diavázo",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "διαβάζω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "anagignṓskō",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ἀναγιγνώσκω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "proanagignṓskō",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "προαναγιγνώσκω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "gn",
          "lang": "Guaraní",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "moñe'ẽ I"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "haw",
          "lang": "Hawaiian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "heluhelu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "kará",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "קרא"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "hikrí",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "הקריא"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "पढ़ना"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "felolvas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "léigh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "leggere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "leggere ad alta voce"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "alt": "よむ",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "yomu",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "読む"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "alt": "よみあげる",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "yomiageru",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "読み上げる"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ks",
          "lang": "Kashmiri",
          "roman": "parun",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "پَرُن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "merl",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "មើល"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "ān",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "អាន"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "ikda",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "읽다"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "xwêndin",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "خوێندن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "xwendin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "xwandin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "recitō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lasīt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "skaityti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "baca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "qara"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mnc",
          "lang": "Manchu",
          "roman": "hūlambi",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ᡥᡡᠯᠠᠮᠪᡳ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lhaih"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "kōrero"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "pānui"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "unšix",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "унших"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "uŋsiqu",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ne",
          "lang": "Nepali",
          "roman": "vācan garnu",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "वाचन गर्नु"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "zdj",
          "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "usomea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "nrm",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "liéthe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "xândan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "خوانْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "xundan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "Tehrani",
            "colloquial"
          ],
          "word": "خونْدَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pms",
          "lang": "Piedmontese",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "czytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "odczytywać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "odczytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "vācṇā",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "ਵਾਚਣਾ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "citi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "čitátʹ",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pročitátʹ",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "paṭhati",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "पठति"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "leugh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чѝтати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "čìtati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "čítať"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "brati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "st",
          "lang": "Sotho",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "bala"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "leer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "soma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "kusomea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "läsa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "bumasa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "basahin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ty",
          "lang": "Tahitian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "taió"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "vallevēyu",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "వల్లెవేయు"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "àan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "อ่าน"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "àan ɔ̀ɔk sǐiang",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "อ่านออกเสียง"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "to",
          "lang": "Tongan",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "laua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "okumak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "پَڑْھنا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "đọc"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "darllen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "lêze"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "leyenen",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "לייענען"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "21 49 3 3 2 1 3 2 3 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 3",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "lezn",
          "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
          "word": "לעזן"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "At the moment I'm reading Milton."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To read work(s) written by (a named author)."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-a0GK1Btm",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To read work(s) written by (a named author)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "She read my mind and promptly rose to get me a glass of water."
        },
        {
          "text": "I can read his feelings in his face."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To interpret, or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc., from."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-s87pQn6X",
      "links": [
        [
          "interpret",
          "interpret"
        ],
        [
          "infer",
          "infer"
        ],
        [
          "meaning",
          "meaning"
        ],
        [
          "significance",
          "significance"
        ],
        [
          "thought",
          "thought"
        ],
        [
          "intention",
          "intention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To interpret, or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc., from."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lleer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "uqıw",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "уҡыу"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "uqıy belew",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "уҡый белеү"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "četá",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pročetá",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочета́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "llegir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "číst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "být gramotný"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lezen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "legi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lugema"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lesen können"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "olvas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "kiigazodik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "megfejt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "értelmez"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "baca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "léigh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "leggere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "xwêndin",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "خوێندن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "xwendin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "xwandin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lego"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lasīt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lhaih"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "nrm",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "liéthe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lese"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "xândan",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "خواندن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "xundan",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "Tehrani",
            "colloquial"
          ],
          "word": "خوندن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "czytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "putea citi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "citi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "lectura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "čitátʹ",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pročitátʹ",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "прочита́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 2 0 66 1 2 1 6 3 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
          "word": "läsa"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "On the door hung a sign that reads \"No admittance\"."
        },
        {
          "text": "The passage reads differently in the earlier manuscripts."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To consist of certain text."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-vkl458Vh",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "glasjá",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "глася́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "gráfo",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "γράφω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "olvasható"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "áll"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "hangzik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "berbunyi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "dizer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "glasítʹ",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "гласи́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "tags": [
            "Latin-America"
          ],
          "word": "decir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "tags": [
            "Spain"
          ],
          "word": "poner"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "chỉ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 1 63 3 5 1 5 2 2 5 3 2 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to consist of certain text",
          "word": "đề"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Arabic reads right to left."
        },
        {
          "text": "That sentence reads strangely."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-C1MklQhO",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(ergative) Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "ergative"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "atzeman"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "tǎlkúvam",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "тълку́вам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "llegir-se"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "číst se"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "gelezen worden"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "se lire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "gelesen werden"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "olvasandó"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "olvasható"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "íródik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "dibaca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "leggersi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "legor"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "czytać się"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "ler-se"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "a fi citit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "a fi lecturat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "tolkovátʹ",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "толкова́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "leerse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "interpertase"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "entenderse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "viết"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 3 5 72 5 1 2 1 0 1 1 2 1 1 1 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
          "word": "ghi"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1832, John Lemprière et al., Bibliotheca classica, Seventh Edition, W. E. Dean, page 263",
          "text": "In Livy, it is nearly certain that for Pylleon we should read Pteleon, as this place is mentioned in connection with Antron."
        },
        {
          "text": "Our school focuses primarily on the classical authors (read \"dead white males\").",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-NpsE~6XF",
      "links": [
        [
          "humorous",
          "humorous"
        ],
        [
          "substitute",
          "substitute"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "frequently humorous",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, frequently humorous) To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "sic pro"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "1 2 0 1 4 2 71 3 5 1 1 3 2 1 1 0 0 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text",
          "word": "olvasd"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2009, Suzee Vlk et al., The GRE Test for Dummies, 6th edition, Wiley Publishing, page 191",
          "text": "Eliminate illogical (read: stupid) answer choices.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-eu3lGEZ8",
      "links": [
        [
          "ironic",
          "irony"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal, usually ironic) Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "ironic",
        "usually"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "2 4 1 9 2 1 10 58 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "(informal, usually ironic) used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term",
          "word": "értsd"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Telecommunications",
          "orig": "en:Telecommunications",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 1 2 2 5 6 5 6 8 6 3 1 11 6 5 8 7 1 1 1 1 1 6 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 0 5 6 2 5 6 0 8 1 1 1 4 14 1 4 5 0 1 7 1 7 8 6 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Communication",
          "orig": "en:Communication",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Do you read me?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1968, Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke, 2001: A Space Odyssey, spoken by Dave Bowman (Keir Dullea)",
          "text": "Hello, HAL. Do you read me, HAL?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-HGmY0bqn",
      "links": [
        [
          "telecommunications",
          "telecommunications"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, telecommunications) To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "communications",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "telecommunications"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "čúvam",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "чу́вам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "sentir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "ontvangen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "horen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "kuulma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "kuulla"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "recevoir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "verstehen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "vesz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "hall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "ért"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "megért"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "mengerti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "ricevere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "bîstin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "bihîstin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "forstå"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "høre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "oppfatte"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "copiar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "förstå"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "höra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 2 1 1 6 2 9 1 52 3 2 6 5 3 2 1 1 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
          "word": "uppfatta"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Rail transportation",
          "orig": "en:Rail transportation",
          "parents": [
            "Transport",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A repeater signal may be used where the track geometry makes the main signal difficult to read from a distance."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-IPlbsTR1",
      "links": [
        [
          "rail transport",
          "rail transport"
        ],
        [
          "observe",
          "observe"
        ],
        [
          "comprehend",
          "comprehend"
        ],
        [
          "signal",
          "signal"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, rail transport) To observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "rail-transport",
        "railways",
        "transport"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 2 79 0 1 1 1 1 3 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)",
          "word": "leolvas"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Commonwealth English",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I am reading theology at university."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1956, Anthony Burgess, Time for a Tiger (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 94",
          "text": "Crabbe wanted him to go to England, to read for a degree there.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-bcKcP945",
      "links": [
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ],
        [
          "perusing",
          "peruse"
        ],
        [
          "textbook",
          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "except Scotland",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, Commonwealth, except Scotland) To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Commonwealth",
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "estudiar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "omandama"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "lesa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "lukea"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "opiskella"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "étudier"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "studieren"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "hören"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "पढ़ना"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "tanul"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "hallgat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "pelajari"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "vekolîn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "studere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "paṭhikkuka",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "പഠിക്കുക"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "nah",
          "lang": "Nahuatl",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "machtia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "studere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "czytać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "studiować"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "estudar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "izučátʹ",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "изуча́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "estudiar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "studera"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "aralin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "okumak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "học"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 95 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "to make a study of",
          "word": "nghiên cứu"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Computing",
          "orig": "en:Computing",
          "parents": [
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 1 2 5 7 2 5 1 2 11 1 10 2 12 4 4 14 6 3 3 1 1 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "to read a hard disk"
        },
        {
          "text": "to read a port"
        },
        {
          "text": "to read the keyboard"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-0nN5Q83r",
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "fetch",
          "fetch#Verb"
        ],
        [
          "data",
          "data"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing, transitive) To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 5 5 1 4 1 9 1 1 62 2 1 2 0 1 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
          "word": "beolvas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 5 5 1 4 1 9 1 1 62 2 1 2 0 1 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
          "word": "baca"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 0 5 5 1 4 1 9 1 1 62 2 1 2 0 1 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
          "word": "ler"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages using lite templates",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "LGBT",
          "orig": "en:LGBT",
          "parents": [
            "Sexuality",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Sex",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Reproduction",
            "Fundamental",
            "Life",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Every time I go outside, I worry that someone will read me."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To recognise (someone) as being transgender."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-fRNrpZjk",
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ],
        [
          "recognise",
          "recognise"
        ],
        [
          "transgender",
          "transgender"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, LGBT) To recognise (someone) as being transgender."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "LGBT",
        "lifestyle",
        "sexuality"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "LGBT",
          "orig": "en:LGBT",
          "parents": [
            "Sexuality",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Sex",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Reproduction",
            "Fundamental",
            "Life",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1976 August 7, Tommi Avicolli, “The Politics of Camp”, in Gay Community News, page 9",
          "text": "I've seen drags \"read\" an unattractive transsexual until she was almost in tears.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1997, Framing Culture: Africanism, Sexuality and Performance, page 186 (also discussing Paris is Burning)",
          "text": "Snapping, we are told, comes from reading, or exposing hidden flaws in a person's life, and out of reading comes shade […]"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2003, Philip Auslander, Performance: Media and technology, page 179",
          "text": "CB [a black gay person being quoted]: \"So, one time I read him and we were standing downstairs at the front desk in the dorm and I read him and there was this little bell […].\" In the first example, the interviewee [CB] used snapping to read his white friend in a playful way, […].",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, Queer Looks, page 114 (discussing Paris is Burning and \"the ball world\")",
          "text": "[One] assumes that such language contests are racially motivated—black folks talking back to white folks. However, the ball world makes it clear that blacks can read each other too."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To call attention to the flaws of (someone) in either a playful, a taunting, or an insulting way."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-IG02JVP5",
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "at first especially in the black LGBT community",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(at first especially in the black LGBT community) To call attention to the flaws of (someone) in either a playful, a taunting, or an insulting way."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Go",
          "orig": "en:Go",
          "parents": [
            "Board games",
            "Tabletop games",
            "Games",
            "Recreation",
            "Human activity",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To imagine sequences of potential moves and responses without actually placing stones."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-wTiVuHHc",
      "links": [
        [
          "go",
          "go#English:_game"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "go",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(go) To imagine sequences of potential moves and responses without actually placing stones."
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "5 4 1 5 4 2 2 3 5 3 2 3 3 2 49 3 3 4",
          "alt": "よむ",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "yomu",
          "sense": "to imagine sequences of moves",
          "word": "読む"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To think, believe; to consider (that)."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-Yba-A8WN",
      "links": [
        [
          "think",
          "think"
        ],
        [
          "believe",
          "believe"
        ],
        [
          "consider",
          "consider"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To think, believe; to consider (that)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To advise; to counsel. See rede."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-Js3nRCIf",
      "links": [
        [
          "rede",
          "rede#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To advise; to counsel. See rede."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To tell; to declare; to recite."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-pE0Rw0rq",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To tell; to declare; to recite."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹiːd/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹid/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reed"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "rede"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-to read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg/En-uk-to_read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/50/En-us-read.ogg/En-us-read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/En-us-read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rēd"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "read"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cold read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "beach read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "chemistry read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "destructive read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "dirty read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "non-destructive read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "phantom read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "pseudoread"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read count"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read head"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read length"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "read-out"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "readout"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "stale read"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "table read"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂er-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "reden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English reden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdan",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*rādan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *rādan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*rēdaną",
        "4": "",
        "5": "advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hreh₁dʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to arrange"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots rede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "räide",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "riede",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "raden",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess, counsel, rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "raten",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess"
      },
      "expansion": "German raten (“to advise; guess”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "råde",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish råde (“to advise”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "råda",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "رده",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to order, to arrange, class",
        "tr": "rade"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”).\nCognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "reads",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "read (plural reads)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1879, Frederick James Furnivall, letter to the editor of \"The Spectator\"",
          "text": "One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1958, Philip Larkin, Self's the Man",
          "text": "And when he finishes supper / Planning to have a read at the evening paper / It's Put a screw in this wall— / He has no time at all[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2006, MySQL administrator's guide and language reference, page 393",
          "text": "In other words, the system can do 1200 reads per second with no writes, the average write is twice as slow as the average read, and the relationship is linear.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A reading or an act of reading, especially of an actor's part of a play or a piece of stored data."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-noun-Mtm9kPTb",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "čétene",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "че́тене"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "četivo",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "четиво"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lecture"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "paṛhnā",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "पढ़ना"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "olvasás"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "felolvasás"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lesning"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "lhaih"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lektura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "leitura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lida"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "ler"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "citire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "lecturare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "english": "actor",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "intonare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "paṭhati",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "word": "पठति"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lectura"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "64 1 4 30 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "läsning"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "His thrillers are always a gripping read."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Something to be read; a written work."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-noun-wLVltJJR",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in combination) Something to be read; a written work."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-compounds"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 88 2 2 5",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "(in combination) something to be read; a written work",
          "word": "olvasmány"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 88 2 2 5",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "(in combination) something to be read; a written work",
          "word": "olvasnivaló"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "What's your read of the current political situation?"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A person's interpretation or impression of something."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-noun-~5rEohSt",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 0 93 2 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "a person's interpretation or impression of something",
          "word": "olvasat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 0 93 2 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "a person's interpretation or impression of something",
          "word": "értelmezés"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "LGBT",
          "orig": "en:LGBT",
          "parents": [
            "Sexuality",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Sex",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Reproduction",
            "Fundamental",
            "Life",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1997, Framing Culture: Africanism, Sexuality and Performance, page 186 (also discussing Paris is Burning)",
          "text": "[As] Corey points out, \"if you and I are both black queens then we can't call each other black queens because that's not a read. That's a [fact].\""
        },
        {
          "ref": "2003, Philip Auslander, Performance: Media and technology, page 185",
          "text": "Like most African-American women, Pearlie Mae uses snapping in many of the same ways that black gay men use it: to accentuate a read.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, bell hooks, Teaching Critical Thinking: Practical Wisdom",
          "text": "I learned that it was acceptable to be witty, especially if you were one of the wearblackallthetime, deconstructivist, radical, feministbitchydiva girls who could give a harsh read (i.e., critique) or throw shade […].",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An instance of reading (“calling attention to someone's flaws; a taunt or insult”)."
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-noun-k0N7TdU-",
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ],
        [
          "reading",
          "read#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "at first especially in the black LGBT community",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(at first especially in the black LGBT community) An instance of reading (“calling attention to someone's flaws; a taunt or insult”)."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Biochemistry",
          "orig": "en:Biochemistry",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Chemistry",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The identification of a specific sequence of genes in a genome or bases in a nucleic acid string"
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-noun-LmCmWPCi",
      "links": [
        [
          "biochemistry",
          "biochemistry"
        ],
        [
          "identification",
          "identification"
        ],
        [
          "sequence",
          "sequence"
        ],
        [
          "gene",
          "gene"
        ],
        [
          "genome",
          "genome"
        ],
        [
          "base",
          "base"
        ],
        [
          "nucleic acid",
          "nucleic acid"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(biochemistry) The identification of a specific sequence of genes in a genome or bases in a nucleic acid string"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biochemistry",
        "biology",
        "chemistry",
        "microbiology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹiːd/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹid/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reed"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "rede"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-to read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg/En-uk-to_read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/50/En-us-read.ogg/En-us-read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/En-us-read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rēd"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "redde",
        "pos": "simple past"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English redde (simple past)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdde",
        "pos": "simple past"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdde (simple past)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English redde (simple past), red, rad (past participle), from Old English rǣdde (simple past), (ġe)rǣded (past participle), conjugations of rǣdan (“to read”); see above.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "read",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "skim"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 1 2 3 4 2 4 1 2 7 1 6 2 7 2 3 8 4 2 3 1 1 2 14 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English discourse markers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 0 2 3 5 1 3 1 2 6 0 9 1 12 2 2 8 6 2 2 0 1 2 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 0 1 3 4 1 3 0 2 6 1 7 1 9 3 2 8 4 2 2 0 1 2 21 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 1 1 3 4 2 3 1 2 8 1 8 2 7 3 3 9 4 2 2 1 2 1 13 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English heteronyms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of read:",
        "simple past tense"
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-tRCRTOMK",
      "links": [
        [
          "read",
          "en:#Etymology_1"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 1 2 3 4 2 4 1 2 7 1 6 2 7 2 3 8 4 2 3 1 1 2 14 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English discourse markers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 0 2 3 5 1 3 0 2 8 0 7 1 8 2 3 10 4 2 2 0 1 2 14 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 1 1 3 4 2 3 1 2 8 1 8 2 7 3 3 9 4 2 2 1 2 1 13 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English heteronyms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of read:",
        "past participle"
      ],
      "id": "en-read-en-verb-aoq4DNvL",
      "links": [
        [
          "read",
          "en:#Etymology_1"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɛd/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "red"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "redd"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read-past.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/84/En-us-read-past.ogg/En-us-read-past.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/En-us-read-past.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rĕd"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "read"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English discourse markers",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English irregular past participles",
    "English irregular simple past forms",
    "English irregular verbs",
    "English lemmas",
    "English links with redundant wikilinks",
    "English non-lemma forms",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂er-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English verb forms",
    "English verbs",
    "Pages using lite templates",
    "Requests for review of Czech translations",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Requests for review of Guaraní translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Indonesian translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Limburgish translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for translations into Amharic",
    "Requests for translations into Bengali",
    "Requests for translations into Georgian",
    "Requests for translations into Gujarati",
    "Requests for translations into Kannada",
    "Requests for translations into Malayalam",
    "Requests for translations into Odia",
    "Requests for translations into Samoan",
    "Requests for translations into Tamil",
    "Rhymes:English/iːd",
    "Rhymes:English/iːd/1 syllable",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd/1 syllable",
    "en:Communication"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "arread"
    },
    {
      "word": "beread"
    },
    {
      "word": "beta-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "book-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "cold read"
    },
    {
      "word": "dictated but not read"
    },
    {
      "word": "half-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "hate-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "have one's head read"
    },
    {
      "word": "leave someone on read"
    },
    {
      "word": "lip read"
    },
    {
      "word": "lip-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "mind-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "misread"
    },
    {
      "word": "must-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "overread"
    },
    {
      "word": "readable"
    },
    {
      "word": "read along"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-along"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-aloud"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-around ratio"
    },
    {
      "word": "read between the lines"
    },
    {
      "word": "read dating"
    },
    {
      "word": "read 'em and weep"
    },
    {
      "word": "reader"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-eval-print loop"
    },
    {
      "word": "read for"
    },
    {
      "word": "read in"
    },
    {
      "word": "reading"
    },
    {
      "word": "read into"
    },
    {
      "word": "read like a book"
    },
    {
      "word": "read like an open book"
    },
    {
      "word": "read lips"
    },
    {
      "word": "read me"
    },
    {
      "word": "read minds"
    },
    {
      "word": "read my lips"
    },
    {
      "word": "read off"
    },
    {
      "word": "read oneself in"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-only"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-only access"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-only memory"
    },
    {
      "word": "read out"
    },
    {
      "word": "read over"
    },
    {
      "word": "read receipt"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone for filth"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone like a book"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone's beads"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone's lips"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone's mind"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone the riot act"
    },
    {
      "word": "read someone to filth"
    },
    {
      "word": "read the green"
    },
    {
      "word": "read the mail"
    },
    {
      "word": "read the room"
    },
    {
      "word": "read the table"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-through"
    },
    {
      "word": "read through"
    },
    {
      "word": "read up"
    },
    {
      "word": "read up on"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-write"
    },
    {
      "word": "RTFM"
    },
    {
      "word": "sight-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "sight read"
    },
    {
      "word": "speed-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "take something as read"
    },
    {
      "word": "teach to read and write"
    },
    {
      "word": "too long"
    },
    {
      "word": "didn't read"
    },
    {
      "word": "underread"
    },
    {
      "word": "unread"
    },
    {
      "word": "well-read"
    },
    {
      "word": "WORM"
    },
    {
      "word": "Write Once Read Many"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂er-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "reden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English reden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdan",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*rādan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *rādan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*rēdaną",
        "4": "",
        "5": "advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hreh₁dʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to arrange"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots rede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "räide",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "riede",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "raden",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess, counsel, rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "raten",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess"
      },
      "expansion": "German raten (“to advise; guess”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "råde",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish råde (“to advise”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "råda",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "رده",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to order, to arrange, class",
        "tr": "rade"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”).\nCognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "reads",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "reading",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "readen",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "dialectal",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "en-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "read",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "reads",
        "2": "reading",
        "3": "read",
        "past_ptc2": "readen",
        "past_ptc2_qual": "archaic, dialectal"
      },
      "expansion": "read (third-person singular simple present reads, present participle reading, simple past read, past participle read or (archaic, dialectal) readen)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "skim"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "past": "read",
        "past_ptc2": "readen",
        "past_ptc2_qual": "obsolete"
      },
      "name": "en-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Have you read this book?"
        },
        {
          "text": "He doesn’t like to read."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1661, John Fell, The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond",
          "text": "During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Robert M. Evenson, “\"Liberated\" Woman\"”, in The Cincinnati Enquirer",
          "text": "She reads Playgirl magazine, goes to a male-strip joint and then complains about sexual harassment on the job.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1983, James C. H. Shen, “A Round of Calls”, in Robert Myers, editor, The U.S. & Free China: How the U.S. Sold Out Its Ally, Washington, D.C.: Acropolis Books Ltd., page 112",
          "text": "On this occasion he was carrying in his right hand a copy of the English-language China News, an odd touch because the President did not read English.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "written",
          "written"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive or intransitive) To look at and interpret letters or other information that is written."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He read us a passage from his new book."
        },
        {
          "text": "All right, class, who wants to read next?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest",
          "text": "He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement. […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To speak aloud words or other information that is written. (often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive or intransitive) To speak aloud words or other information that is written. (often construed with a to phrase or an indirect object)"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "read aloud"
        },
        {
          "word": "read out"
        },
        {
          "word": "read out loud"
        },
        {
          "word": "speak"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "At the moment I'm reading Milton."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To read work(s) written by (a named author)."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To read work(s) written by (a named author)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "She read my mind and promptly rose to get me a glass of water."
        },
        {
          "text": "I can read his feelings in his face."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To interpret, or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc., from."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "interpret",
          "interpret"
        ],
        [
          "infer",
          "infer"
        ],
        [
          "meaning",
          "meaning"
        ],
        [
          "significance",
          "significance"
        ],
        [
          "thought",
          "thought"
        ],
        [
          "intention",
          "intention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To interpret, or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc., from."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "On the door hung a sign that reads \"No admittance\"."
        },
        {
          "text": "The passage reads differently in the earlier manuscripts."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To consist of certain text."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English ergative verbs",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Arabic reads right to left."
        },
        {
          "text": "That sentence reads strangely."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(ergative) Of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "ergative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English humorous terms",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1832, John Lemprière et al., Bibliotheca classica, Seventh Edition, W. E. Dean, page 263",
          "text": "In Livy, it is nearly certain that for Pylleon we should read Pteleon, as this place is mentioned in connection with Antron."
        },
        {
          "text": "Our school focuses primarily on the classical authors (read \"dead white males\").",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "humorous",
          "humorous"
        ],
        [
          "substitute",
          "substitute"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "frequently humorous",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, frequently humorous) To substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "sic pro"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English informal terms",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2009, Suzee Vlk et al., The GRE Test for Dummies, 6th edition, Wiley Publishing, page 191",
          "text": "Eliminate illogical (read: stupid) answer choices.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ironic",
          "irony"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal, usually ironic) Used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "ironic",
        "usually"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates",
        "en:Telecommunications"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Do you read me?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1968, Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke, 2001: A Space Odyssey, spoken by Dave Bowman (Keir Dullea)",
          "text": "Hello, HAL. Do you read me, HAL?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "telecommunications",
          "telecommunications"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, telecommunications) To be able to hear what another person is saying over a radio connection."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "communications",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "telecommunications"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates",
        "en:Rail transportation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A repeater signal may be used where the track geometry makes the main signal difficult to read from a distance."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "rail transport",
          "rail transport"
        ],
        [
          "observe",
          "observe"
        ],
        [
          "comprehend",
          "comprehend"
        ],
        [
          "signal",
          "signal"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, rail transport) To observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "rail-transport",
        "railways",
        "transport"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Commonwealth English",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I am reading theology at university."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1956, Anthony Burgess, Time for a Tiger (The Malayan Trilogy), published 1972, page 94",
          "text": "Crabbe wanted him to go to England, to read for a degree there.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ],
        [
          "perusing",
          "peruse"
        ],
        [
          "textbook",
          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "except Scotland",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, Commonwealth, except Scotland) To make a special study of, as by perusing textbooks."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Commonwealth",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates",
        "en:Computing"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "to read a hard disk"
        },
        {
          "text": "to read a port"
        },
        {
          "text": "to read the keyboard"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "fetch",
          "fetch#Verb"
        ],
        [
          "data",
          "data"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing, transitive) To fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Pages using lite templates",
        "en:LGBT"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Every time I go outside, I worry that someone will read me."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To recognise (someone) as being transgender."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ],
        [
          "recognise",
          "recognise"
        ],
        [
          "transgender",
          "transgender"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, LGBT) To recognise (someone) as being transgender."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "LGBT",
        "lifestyle",
        "sexuality"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:LGBT"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1976 August 7, Tommi Avicolli, “The Politics of Camp”, in Gay Community News, page 9",
          "text": "I've seen drags \"read\" an unattractive transsexual until she was almost in tears.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1997, Framing Culture: Africanism, Sexuality and Performance, page 186 (also discussing Paris is Burning)",
          "text": "Snapping, we are told, comes from reading, or exposing hidden flaws in a person's life, and out of reading comes shade […]"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2003, Philip Auslander, Performance: Media and technology, page 179",
          "text": "CB [a black gay person being quoted]: \"So, one time I read him and we were standing downstairs at the front desk in the dorm and I read him and there was this little bell […].\" In the first example, the interviewee [CB] used snapping to read his white friend in a playful way, […].",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, Queer Looks, page 114 (discussing Paris is Burning and \"the ball world\")",
          "text": "[One] assumes that such language contests are racially motivated—black folks talking back to white folks. However, the ball world makes it clear that blacks can read each other too."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To call attention to the flaws of (someone) in either a playful, a taunting, or an insulting way."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "at first especially in the black LGBT community",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(at first especially in the black LGBT community) To call attention to the flaws of (someone) in either a playful, a taunting, or an insulting way."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Go"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To imagine sequences of potential moves and responses without actually placing stones."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "go",
          "go#English:_game"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "go",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(go) To imagine sequences of potential moves and responses without actually placing stones."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To think, believe; to consider (that)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "think",
          "think"
        ],
        [
          "believe",
          "believe"
        ],
        [
          "consider",
          "consider"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To think, believe; to consider (that)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To advise; to counsel. See rede."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "rede",
          "rede#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To advise; to counsel. See rede."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To tell; to declare; to recite."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To tell; to declare; to recite."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹiːd/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹid/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reed"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "rede"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-to read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg/En-uk-to_read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/50/En-us-read.ogg/En-us-read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/En-us-read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rēd"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "read"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lees"
    },
    {
      "code": "aho",
      "lang": "Ahom",
      "roman": "ʼan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "𑜒𑜃𑜫"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lexoj"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "zgledh"
    },
    {
      "code": "ale",
      "lang": "Aleut",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "hilal"
    },
    {
      "code": "am",
      "lang": "Amharic",
      "roman": "manbäb",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ማንበብ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qaraʔa",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "قَرَأَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "gara",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Hijazi-Arabic"
      ],
      "word": "قَرَا"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "giri",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Hijazi-Arabic"
      ],
      "word": "قِري"
    },
    {
      "code": "an",
      "lang": "Aragonese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leyer"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "kardal",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "կարդալ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "əntʻercʻel",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ընթերցել"
    },
    {
      "code": "rup",
      "lang": "Aromanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ghivãsescu"
    },
    {
      "code": "rup",
      "lang": "Aromanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "yivãsescu"
    },
    {
      "code": "rup",
      "lang": "Aromanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "dyivãsescu"
    },
    {
      "code": "as",
      "lang": "Assamese",
      "roman": "porh",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "পঢ়"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lleer"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "oxumaq"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "uqıw",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "уҡыу"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "irakurri"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leitu"
    },
    {
      "code": "bar",
      "lang": "Bavarian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesn"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "čytácʹ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чыта́ць"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pračytácʹ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прачыта́ць"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "poṛa",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "পড়া"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lenn"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "četá",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pročetá",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "hpat",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ဖတ်"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "cahpat",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "စာဖတ်"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "llegir"
    },
    {
      "code": "tzm",
      "lang": "Central Atlas Tamazight",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ɣer"
    },
    {
      "code": "dtp",
      "lang": "Central Dusun",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "basa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ce",
      "lang": "Chechen",
      "roman": "deša",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "деша"
    },
    {
      "code": "chr",
      "lang": "Cherokee",
      "roman": "agoliyea",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ᎠᎪᎵᏰᎠ"
    },
    {
      "code": "chy",
      "lang": "Cheyenne",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "-hoéstá"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "duk⁶",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "ni͡an",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Dungan"
      ],
      "word": "нян"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "kan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Dungan"
      ],
      "word": "кан"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "dw",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Dungan"
      ],
      "word": "дў"
    },
    {
      "code": "cdo",
      "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "cdo",
      "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
      "roman": "tĕ̤k",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "gan",
      "lang": "Gan Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "gan",
      "lang": "Gan Chinese",
      "roman": "tuh⁷",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "roman": "thu̍k",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "tha̍k",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "cjy",
      "lang": "Jin Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "cjy",
      "lang": "Jin Chinese",
      "roman": "dueh⁵",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "english": "more literarily",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "dú",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "english": "more colloquially",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "kàn",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "看"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnp",
      "lang": "Northern Min Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnp",
      "lang": "Northern Min Chinese",
      "roman": "dŭ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "wuu",
      "lang": "Wu Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "wuu",
      "lang": "Wu Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "hsn",
      "lang": "Xiang Chinese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "hsn",
      "lang": "Xiang Chinese",
      "roman": "dou⁶",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckt",
      "lang": "Chukchi",
      "roman": "kalevėtgavyk",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "калевэтгавык"
    },
    {
      "code": "chk",
      "lang": "Chuukese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "anneani"
    },
    {
      "code": "cv",
      "lang": "Chuvash",
      "roman": "vula",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "вула"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lenna"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "redya"
    },
    {
      "code": "co",
      "lang": "Corsican",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leghja"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "číst"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "læse"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lezen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ovd",
      "lang": "Elfdalian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leså"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "legi"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lugema"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "vaatama"
    },
    {
      "code": "eve",
      "lang": "Even",
      "roman": "taŋ-",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "таӈ-"
    },
    {
      "alt": "taң-",
      "code": "evn",
      "lang": "Evenki",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "таң-"
    },
    {
      "code": "ext",
      "lang": "Extremaduran",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leyel"
    },
    {
      "code": "ext",
      "lang": "Extremaduran",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leel"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fj",
      "lang": "Fijian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "wilika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "frm",
      "lang": "Middle French",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "fro",
      "lang": "Old French",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ḳitxva",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "კითხვა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Alemannic-German"
      ],
      "word": "läse"
    },
    {
      "code": "got",
      "lang": "Gothic",
      "roman": "anakunnan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "𐌰𐌽𐌰𐌺𐌿𐌽𐌽𐌰𐌽"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "diavázo",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "διαβάζω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "anagignṓskō",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ἀναγιγνώσκω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "entunkhánō",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ἐντυγχάνω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "analégō",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ἀναλέγω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "ananémō",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ἀνανέμω"
    },
    {
      "code": "kl",
      "lang": "Greenlandic",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "atuarpoq"
    },
    {
      "code": "kl",
      "lang": "Greenlandic",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "atuarpaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "gn",
      "lang": "Guaraní",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "moñe'ẽ"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "vā̃cvũ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "વાંચવું"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "code": "ha",
      "lang": "Hausa",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "kar̃àntā"
    },
    {
      "code": "haw",
      "lang": "Hawaiian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "heluhelu"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "kará",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "קָרָא"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "पढ़ना"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "olvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "elolvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "hrx",
      "lang": "Hunsrik",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lektar"
    },
    {
      "code": "ife",
      "lang": "Ifè",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "kã̀"
    },
    {
      "code": "igl",
      "lang": "Igala",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "gba"
    },
    {
      "code": "ig",
      "lang": "Igbo",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "gụ"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "baca"
    },
    {
      "code": "izh",
      "lang": "Ingrian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lukkia"
    },
    {
      "code": "inh",
      "lang": "Ingush",
      "roman": "deša",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "деша"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "léigh"
    },
    {
      "code": "ist",
      "lang": "Istriot",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lezi"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leggere"
    },
    {
      "alt": "よむ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "yomu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "読む"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "maca"
    },
    {
      "code": "jje",
      "lang": "Jeju",
      "roman": "ikda",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "익다"
    },
    {
      "code": "kab",
      "lang": "Kabyle",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ɣer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ks",
      "lang": "Kashmiri",
      "roman": "parun",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "پَرُن"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "oqu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "оқу"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "məəl",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "មើល"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "ʼaan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "អាន"
    },
    {
      "code": "sjd",
      "lang": "Kildin Sami",
      "roman": "lōgke",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ло̄гкэ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ktu",
      "lang": "Kituba",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "tanga"
    },
    {
      "alt": "vāj(ü)ce",
      "code": "kok",
      "lang": "Konkani",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "वाजचे"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "ikda",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "읽다"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "xwêndin",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "خوێندن"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "xwendin"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "xwandin"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "okuu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "окуу"
    },
    {
      "alt": "מילדאר",
      "code": "lad",
      "lang": "Ladino",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "meldar"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "ʼān",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ອ່ານ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ltg",
      "lang": "Latgalian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "skaiteit"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "legō"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lasīt"
    },
    {
      "code": "li",
      "lang": "Limburgish",
      "roman": "Maastricht",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leuze"
    },
    {
      "code": "ln",
      "lang": "Lingala",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "tánga"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "skaityti"
    },
    {
      "code": "lmo",
      "lang": "Lombard",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leg"
    },
    {
      "code": "lou",
      "lang": "Louisiana Creole",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lir"
    },
    {
      "code": "khb",
      "lang": "Lü",
      "roman": "˙ʼaan¹",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ᦀᦱᧃᧈ"
    },
    {
      "code": "luq",
      "lang": "Lucumí",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ká"
    },
    {
      "code": "luq",
      "lang": "Lucumí",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "word": "kawé"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liesen"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "čita",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чита"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "baca"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "vāyikkuka",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "വായിക്കുക"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "vāyana",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "വായന"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "qara"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnc",
      "lang": "Manchu",
      "roman": "tuwambi",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ᡨᡠ᠋ᠸᠠᠮᠪᡳ"
    },
    {
      "code": "msk",
      "lang": "Mansaka",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "basa"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lhaih"
    },
    {
      "code": "swb",
      "lang": "Maore Comorian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "usoma"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "rīti"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "vāċṇe",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "वाचणे"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "reden"
    },
    {
      "code": "okm",
      "lang": "Middle Korean",
      "roman": "nìlktá",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "닑다〮"
    },
    {
      "code": "min",
      "lang": "Minangkabau",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "baco"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "unšix",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "унших"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "uŋsiqu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ"
    },
    {
      "code": "zgh",
      "lang": "Moroccan Amazigh",
      "roman": "ɣr",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ⵖⵔ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nah",
      "lang": "Nahuatl",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "pōhua"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ółtaʼ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nap",
      "lang": "Neapolitan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "legge"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "paḍhnu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "पढ्नु"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "paḍhnu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "पढ्नु"
    },
    {
      "code": "zdj",
      "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "usoma"
    },
    {
      "code": "pcm",
      "lang": "Nigerian Pidgin",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "rid"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrm",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liéthe"
    },
    {
      "code": "frr",
      "lang": "North Frisian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Mooring",
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "leese"
    },
    {
      "code": "frr",
      "lang": "North Frisian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Föhr-Amrum"
      ],
      "word": "lees"
    },
    {
      "code": "se",
      "lang": "Northern Sami",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lohkat"
    },
    {
      "code": "nod",
      "lang": "Northern Thai",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ᩋ᩵ᩣ᩠ᨶ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "legir"
    },
    {
      "code": "or",
      "lang": "Odia",
      "roman": "pôḍhiba",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ପଢିବା"
    },
    {
      "code": "ryu",
      "lang": "Okinawan",
      "roman": "yumun",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "読むん"
    },
    {
      "code": "cu",
      "lang": "Church Slavic",
      "roman": "čitati",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "читати"
    },
    {
      "code": "cu",
      "lang": "Church Slavic",
      "roman": "čĭtati",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чьтати"
    },
    {
      "code": "orv",
      "lang": "Old East Slavic",
      "roman": "čitati",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "читати"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "rǣdan"
    },
    {
      "code": "kaw",
      "lang": "Old Javanese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "waca"
    },
    {
      "code": "osx",
      "lang": "Old Saxon",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesan"
    },
    {
      "code": "ulb",
      "lang": "Olukumi",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "kà"
    },
    {
      "code": "om",
      "lang": "Oromo",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "beekuu"
    },
    {
      "code": "pap",
      "lang": "Papiamentu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "lwastǝl",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "لوستل"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdc",
      "lang": "Pennsylvania German",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "raw_tags": [
        "Classical Persian"
      ],
      "roman": "xwāndan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "خْوَانْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Dari",
      "roman": "xāndan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "خوانْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Iranian Persian",
      "roman": "xândan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "خوانْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Iranian Persian",
      "roman": "xundan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Tehrani",
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "خونْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "pms",
      "lang": "Piedmontese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "czytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "przeczytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ñawilliy"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ñawiy"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "qillqaqhaway"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ñawinchay"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liyiy"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "a citi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "a lectura"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leɡer"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liɡer"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "čitátʹ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pročitátʹ",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "sm",
      "lang": "Samoan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "faitau"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "paṭh",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "पठ्"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "paṭhati",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "पठति"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lègere"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèghere"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèzere"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lígere"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ligi"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lígiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lízere"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "read"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "rede"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leugh"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чѝтати"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "čìtati"
    },
    {
      "code": "shn",
      "lang": "Shan",
      "roman": "lǔu līk",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "လူလိၵ်ႈ"
    },
    {
      "code": "shn",
      "lang": "Shan",
      "roman": "ʼàan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ဢၢၼ်ႇ"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèggiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liggiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "liiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "sd",
      "lang": "Sindhi",
      "roman": "parhanu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "پڙهڻ"
    },
    {
      "code": "si",
      "lang": "Sinhalese",
      "roman": "kiyawanawā",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "කියවනවා"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "čítať"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "brati"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "čìtati"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "cytaś"
    },
    {
      "code": "hsb",
      "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "čitać"
    },
    {
      "code": "st",
      "lang": "Sotho",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "bala"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leer"
    },
    {
      "code": "osp",
      "lang": "Old Spanish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leer"
    },
    {
      "code": "srn",
      "lang": "Sranan Tongo",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leisi"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "kusoma"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "läsa"
    },
    {
      "code": "syl",
      "lang": "Sylheti",
      "roman": "foṛa",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ꠙꠠꠣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "bumasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "basahin"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "magbasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ty",
      "lang": "Tahitian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "taió"
    },
    {
      "code": "blt",
      "lang": "Tai Dam",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ꪮ꪿ꪱꪙ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "xondan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "хондан"
    },
    {
      "code": "tly",
      "lang": "Talysh",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "hande"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "vāci",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "வாசி"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "paṭi",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "படி"
    },
    {
      "code": "ttt",
      "lang": "Tat",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "xundən"
    },
    {
      "code": "tt",
      "lang": "Tatar",
      "roman": "uqırga",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "укырга"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "caduvu",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "చదువు"
    },
    {
      "code": "tet",
      "lang": "Tetum",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lee"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "àan",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "อ่าน"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "klog",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ཀློག"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "ljags klog",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "honorific"
      ],
      "word": "ལྗགས་ཀློག"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "okumak"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "okamak"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "čytáty",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чита́ти"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pročytáty",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочита́ти"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "پَڑْھنا"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "oqumaq",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "ئوقۇماق"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "oʻqimoq"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèzar"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèzer"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lezar"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lezer"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèxar"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lèxer"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leđer"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "đọc"
    },
    {
      "code": "wym",
      "lang": "Vilamovian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "łaoza"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "reidön"
    },
    {
      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lére"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "darllen"
    },
    {
      "code": "vls",
      "lang": "West Flemish",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "leezn"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "lêze"
    },
    {
      "code": "sah",
      "lang": "Yakut",
      "roman": "aaq",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "аах"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "leyenen",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "לייענען"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "lezn",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "לעזן"
    },
    {
      "code": "yo",
      "lang": "Yoruba",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "word": "kà"
    },
    {
      "code": "yo",
      "lang": "Yoruba",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "word": "kàwé"
    },
    {
      "code": "yua",
      "lang": "Yucatec Maya",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "xook"
    },
    {
      "code": "za",
      "lang": "Zhuang",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "dog"
    },
    {
      "code": "za",
      "lang": "Zhuang",
      "sense": "to look at and interpret letters or other information",
      "word": "doeg"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lees"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lexon"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qaraʔa",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "قَرَأَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "kardal",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "կարդալ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "əntʻercʻel",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ընթերցել"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lleer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "uqıw",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "уҡыу"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "irakurri"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "čytácʹ",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чыта́ць"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lenn"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "četá",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pročetá",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "hpat",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ဖတ်"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "llegir"
    },
    {
      "code": "ce",
      "lang": "Chechen",
      "roman": "ješa",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "еша"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "讀"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "english": "more literarily",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "dú",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "读"
    },
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "english": "more colloquially",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "niàn",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "念"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "číst"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "předčítat"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "læse"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "voorlezen"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "legi"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "laŭtlegi"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lugema"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ḳitxva",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "კითხვა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "vorlesen"
    },
    {
      "code": "got",
      "lang": "Gothic",
      "roman": "ussiggwan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "𐌿𐍃𐍃𐌹𐌲𐌲𐍅𐌰𐌽"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "diavázo",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "διαβάζω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "anagignṓskō",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ἀναγιγνώσκω"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "proanagignṓskō",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "προαναγιγνώσκω"
    },
    {
      "code": "gn",
      "lang": "Guaraní",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "moñe'ẽ I"
    },
    {
      "code": "haw",
      "lang": "Hawaiian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "heluhelu"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "kará",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "קרא"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "hikrí",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "הקריא"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "पढ़ना"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "felolvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "léigh"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "leggere"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "leggere ad alta voce"
    },
    {
      "alt": "よむ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "yomu",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "読む"
    },
    {
      "alt": "よみあげる",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "yomiageru",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "読み上げる"
    },
    {
      "code": "ks",
      "lang": "Kashmiri",
      "roman": "parun",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "پَرُن"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "merl",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "មើល"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "ān",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "អាន"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "ikda",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "읽다"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "xwêndin",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "خوێندن"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "xwendin"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "xwandin"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "recitō"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lasīt"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "skaityti"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "baca"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "qara"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnc",
      "lang": "Manchu",
      "roman": "hūlambi",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ᡥᡡᠯᠠᠮᠪᡳ"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lhaih"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "kōrero"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "pānui"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "unšix",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "унших"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "uŋsiqu",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠤᠩᠰᠢᠬᠤ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "vācan garnu",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "वाचन गर्नु"
    },
    {
      "code": "zdj",
      "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "usomea"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrm",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "liéthe"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "xândan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "خوانْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "xundan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "Tehrani",
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "خونْدَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "pms",
      "lang": "Piedmontese",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "czytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "odczytywać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "odczytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "vācṇā",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "ਵਾਚਣਾ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "citi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "čitátʹ",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pročitátʹ",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "paṭhati",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "पठति"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "leugh"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чѝтати"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "čìtati"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "čítať"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "brati"
    },
    {
      "code": "st",
      "lang": "Sotho",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "bala"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "leer"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "soma"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "kusomea"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "läsa"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "bumasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "basahin"
    },
    {
      "code": "ty",
      "lang": "Tahitian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "taió"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "vallevēyu",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "వల్లెవేయు"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "àan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "อ่าน"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "àan ɔ̀ɔk sǐiang",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "อ่านออกเสียง"
    },
    {
      "code": "to",
      "lang": "Tongan",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "laua"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "okumak"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "پَڑْھنا"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "đọc"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "darllen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "lêze"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "leyenen",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "לייענען"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "lezn",
      "sense": "to speak aloud words or other information that is written",
      "word": "לעזן"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lleer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "uqıw",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "уҡыу"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "uqıy belew",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "уҡый белеү"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "četá",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pročetá",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочета́"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "llegir"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "číst"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "být gramotný"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lezen"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "legi"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lugema"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lesen können"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "olvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "kiigazodik"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "megfejt"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "értelmez"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "baca"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "léigh"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "leggere"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "xwêndin",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "خوێندن"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "xwendin"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "xwandin"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lego"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lasīt"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lhaih"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrm",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "liéthe"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lese"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "xândan",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "خواندن"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "xundan",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "Tehrani",
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "خوندن"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "czytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "putea citi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "citi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "lectura"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "čitátʹ",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pročitátʹ",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "прочита́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to interpret or infer a meaning, significance, thought, intention, etc. from",
      "word": "läsa"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "glasjá",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "глася́"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "gráfo",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "γράφω"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "olvasható"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "áll"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "hangzik"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "berbunyi"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "dizer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "glasítʹ",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "гласи́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "tags": [
        "Latin-America"
      ],
      "word": "decir"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "tags": [
        "Spain"
      ],
      "word": "poner"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "chỉ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to consist of certain text",
      "word": "đề"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "atzeman"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "tǎlkúvam",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "тълку́вам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "llegir-se"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "číst se"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "gelezen worden"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "se lire"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "gelesen werden"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "olvasandó"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "olvasható"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "íródik"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "dibaca"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "leggersi"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "legor"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "czytać się"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "ler-se"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "a fi citit"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "a fi lecturat"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "tolkovátʹ",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "толкова́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "leerse"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "interpertase"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "entenderse"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "viết"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way",
      "word": "ghi"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to substitute (a corrected piece of text in place of an erroneous one); used to introduce an emendation of a text",
      "word": "olvasd"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "(informal, usually ironic) used after a euphemism to introduce the intended, more blunt meaning of a term",
      "word": "értsd"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "čúvam",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "чу́вам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "sentir"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "ontvangen"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "horen"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "kuulma"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "kuulla"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "recevoir"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "verstehen"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "vesz"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "hall"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "ért"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "megért"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "mengerti"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "ricevere"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "bîstin"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "bihîstin"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "forstå"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "høre"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "oppfatte"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "copiar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "förstå"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "höra"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to be able to hear (in a radio connection)",
      "word": "uppfatta"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to observe and comprehend (a displayed signal)",
      "word": "leolvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "estudiar"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "omandama"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "lesa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "lukea"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "opiskella"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "étudier"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "studieren"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "hören"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "पढ़ना"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "tanul"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "hallgat"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "pelajari"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "vekolîn"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "studere"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "paṭhikkuka",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "പഠിക്കുക"
    },
    {
      "code": "nah",
      "lang": "Nahuatl",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "machtia"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "studere"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "czytać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "studiować"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "estudar"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "izučátʹ",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "изуча́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "estudiar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "studera"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "aralin"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "okumak"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "học"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "to make a study of",
      "word": "nghiên cứu"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
      "word": "beolvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
      "word": "baca"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to fetch data from (a storage medium, etc.)",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "alt": "よむ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "yomu",
      "sense": "to imagine sequences of moves",
      "word": "読む"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English discourse markers",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English irregular past participles",
    "English irregular simple past forms",
    "English irregular verbs",
    "English lemmas",
    "English links with redundant wikilinks",
    "English non-lemma forms",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂er-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English verb forms",
    "English verbs",
    "Pages using lite templates",
    "Requests for review of Czech translations",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Requests for review of Guaraní translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Indonesian translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Limburgish translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for translations into Amharic",
    "Requests for translations into Bengali",
    "Requests for translations into Georgian",
    "Requests for translations into Gujarati",
    "Requests for translations into Kannada",
    "Requests for translations into Malayalam",
    "Requests for translations into Odia",
    "Requests for translations into Samoan",
    "Requests for translations into Tamil",
    "Rhymes:English/iːd",
    "Rhymes:English/iːd/1 syllable",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd/1 syllable",
    "en:Communication"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "beach read"
    },
    {
      "word": "chemistry read"
    },
    {
      "word": "cold read"
    },
    {
      "word": "destructive read"
    },
    {
      "word": "dirty read"
    },
    {
      "word": "non-destructive read"
    },
    {
      "word": "phantom read"
    },
    {
      "word": "pseudoread"
    },
    {
      "word": "read count"
    },
    {
      "word": "read head"
    },
    {
      "word": "read length"
    },
    {
      "word": "read-out"
    },
    {
      "word": "readout"
    },
    {
      "word": "stale read"
    },
    {
      "word": "table read"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂er-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "reden"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English reden",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdan",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*rādan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *rādan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*rēdaną",
        "4": "",
        "5": "advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*Hreh₁dʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to arrange"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots rede",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "räide",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "riede",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "raden",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess, counsel, rede"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "raten",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise; guess"
      },
      "expansion": "German raten (“to advise; guess”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "råde",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish råde (“to advise”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "råda",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to advise, counsel"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fa",
        "2": "رده",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to order, to arrange, class",
        "tr": "rade"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English reden, from Old English rǣdan (“to counsel, advise, consult; interpret, read”), from Proto-West Germanic *rādan, from Proto-Germanic *rēdaną (“advise, counsel”), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₁dʰ- (“to arrange”).\nCognate with Scots rede, red (“to advise, counsel, decipher, read”), Saterland Frisian räide (“to advise, counsel”), West Frisian riede (“to advise, counsel”), Dutch raden (“to advise; guess, counsel, rede”), German raten (“to advise; guess”), Danish råde (“to advise”), Swedish råda (“to advise, counsel”), Persian رده (rade, “to order, to arrange, class”). The development from ‘advise’ to ‘interpret, interpret letters, read’ is unique to English among Germanic languages. Compare rede.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "reads",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "read (plural reads)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1879, Frederick James Furnivall, letter to the editor of \"The Spectator\"",
          "text": "One newswoman here lets magazines for a penny a read.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1958, Philip Larkin, Self's the Man",
          "text": "And when he finishes supper / Planning to have a read at the evening paper / It's Put a screw in this wall— / He has no time at all[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2006, MySQL administrator's guide and language reference, page 393",
          "text": "In other words, the system can do 1200 reads per second with no writes, the average write is twice as slow as the average read, and the relationship is linear.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A reading or an act of reading, especially of an actor's part of a play or a piece of stored data."
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "His thrillers are always a gripping read."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Something to be read; a written work."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(in combination) Something to be read; a written work."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-compounds"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "What's your read of the current political situation?"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A person's interpretation or impression of something."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:LGBT"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1997, Framing Culture: Africanism, Sexuality and Performance, page 186 (also discussing Paris is Burning)",
          "text": "[As] Corey points out, \"if you and I are both black queens then we can't call each other black queens because that's not a read. That's a [fact].\""
        },
        {
          "ref": "2003, Philip Auslander, Performance: Media and technology, page 185",
          "text": "Like most African-American women, Pearlie Mae uses snapping in many of the same ways that black gay men use it: to accentuate a read.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, bell hooks, Teaching Critical Thinking: Practical Wisdom",
          "text": "I learned that it was acceptable to be witty, especially if you were one of the wearblackallthetime, deconstructivist, radical, feministbitchydiva girls who could give a harsh read (i.e., critique) or throw shade […].",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An instance of reading (“calling attention to someone's flaws; a taunt or insult”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "LGBT",
          "LGBT"
        ],
        [
          "reading",
          "read#English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "at first especially in the black LGBT community",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(at first especially in the black LGBT community) An instance of reading (“calling attention to someone's flaws; a taunt or insult”)."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Biochemistry"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The identification of a specific sequence of genes in a genome or bases in a nucleic acid string"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "biochemistry",
          "biochemistry"
        ],
        [
          "identification",
          "identification"
        ],
        [
          "sequence",
          "sequence"
        ],
        [
          "gene",
          "gene"
        ],
        [
          "genome",
          "genome"
        ],
        [
          "base",
          "base"
        ],
        [
          "nucleic acid",
          "nucleic acid"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(biochemistry) The identification of a specific sequence of genes in a genome or bases in a nucleic acid string"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biochemistry",
        "biology",
        "chemistry",
        "microbiology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹiːd/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹid/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reed"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "rede"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-to read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg/En-uk-to_read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4d/En-uk-to_read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/50/En-us-read.ogg/En-us-read.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/En-us-read.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rēd"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "čétene",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "че́тене"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "četivo",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "четиво"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lecture"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "paṛhnā",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "पढ़ना"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "olvasás"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "felolvasás"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lesning"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "lhaih"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lektura"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "leitura"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lida"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "ler"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "citire"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "lecturare"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "english": "actor",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "intonare"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "paṭhati",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "word": "पठति"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lectura"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "a reading or an act of reading",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "läsning"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "(in combination) something to be read; a written work",
      "word": "olvasmány"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "(in combination) something to be read; a written work",
      "word": "olvasnivaló"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "a person's interpretation or impression of something",
      "word": "olvasat"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "a person's interpretation or impression of something",
      "word": "értelmezés"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English discourse markers",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English irregular past participles",
    "English irregular simple past forms",
    "English irregular verbs",
    "English non-lemma forms",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English verb forms",
    "Pages using lite templates",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛd/1 syllable",
    "en:Communication"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "redde",
        "pos": "simple past"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English redde (simple past)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "rǣdde",
        "pos": "simple past"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English rǣdde (simple past)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English redde (simple past), red, rad (past participle), from Old English rǣdde (simple past), (ġe)rǣded (past participle), conjugations of rǣdan (“to read”); see above.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "read",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "skim"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English links with redundant wikilinks"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of read:",
        "simple past tense"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "read",
          "en:#Etymology_1"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English links with redundant wikilinks"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of read:",
        "past participle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "read",
          "en:#Etymology_1"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɛd/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛd"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "red"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "redd"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-read-past.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/84/En-us-read-past.ogg/En-us-read-past.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/84/En-us-read-past.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rĕd"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:read",
      "word": "read"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "read"
  ],
  "word": "read"
}
{
  "called_from": "page/2196",
  "msg": "parse_linkage_recurse unhandled NodeKind.URL: <URL(['//en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Special:Prefixindex?from=read%26hideredirects=1%26stripprefix=0'], ['Pages starting with “read”']){} >",
  "path": [
    "read"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "verb",
  "title": "read",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.