"under" meaning in All languages combined

See under on Wiktionary

Noun [Chinese]

IPA: /ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/ [Cantonese, Sinological-IPA], /ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/ Chinese transliterations: an¹ daa² [Cantonese, Jyutping], ān dá [Cantonese, Yale], an¹ daa² [Cantonese, Pinyin], en¹ da² [Cantonese, Guangdong-Romanization]
Etymology: From English underwear or undies. Etymology templates: {{der|yue|en|underwear}} English underwear, {{m|en|undies}} undies Head templates: {{head|zh|noun}} under
  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) underwear Tags: Cantonese, Hong-Kong

Adverb [Danish]

IPA: /on(ˀ)ər/, [ɔnɐ], [ɔnˀɐ], /onˀər/, [ˈɔnˀɐ]
Etymology: From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter. Etymology templates: {{der|da|non|undir}} Old Norse undir, {{der|da|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|en|under}} English under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter Head templates: {{head|da|adverb|head=}} under, {{da-adv}} under
  1. under
    Sense id: en-under-da-adv-12d0imA3 Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 15 15 25 17 29
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: u. [abbreviation]
Etymology number: 1

Noun [Danish]

IPA: /onˀər/, [ˈɔnˀɐ]
Etymology: From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, cognate with English wonder, German Wunder. Etymology templates: {{der|da|non|undr}} Old Norse undr, {{der|da|gem-pro|*wundrą}} Proto-Germanic *wundrą, {{cog|en|wonder}} English wonder, {{cog|de|Wunder}} German Wunder Head templates: {{head|da|noun|singular definite|underet||{{{sg-def-2}}}|||plural indefinite|undere||{{{pl-indef-2}}}||{{{com}}}|f1accel-form=def|s|f4accel-form=indef|p|g=n|g2=|head=}} under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere), {{da-noun|et|e}} under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere) Inflection templates: {{da-noun-infl|et|e|ne}}, {{da-noun-infl-base|g=n|gen-pl-def=undernes|gen-pl-def-2=|gen-pl-def-3=|gen-pl-indef=underes|gen-pl-indef-2=|gen-sg-def=underets|gen-sg-def-2=|gen-sg-indef=unders|gen-sg-indef-2=|gen-sg-indef-3=|pl-def=underne|pl-def-2=|pl-def-3=|pl-indef=undere|pl-indef-2=|pl-indef-3=|sg-def=underet|sg-def-2=|sg-indef=under}} Forms: underet [definite, singular], undere [indefinite, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], under [indefinite, nominative, singular], underet [definite, nominative, singular], undere [indefinite, nominative, plural], underne [definite, nominative, plural], unders [genitive, indefinite, singular], underets [definite, genitive, singular], underes [genitive, indefinite, plural], undernes [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. wonder Tags: neuter
    Sense id: en-under-da-noun-NilgWcyo
  2. marvel Tags: neuter
    Sense id: en-under-da-noun-OIaNyQX0
  3. miracle Tags: neuter
    Sense id: en-under-da-noun-BOhLOobC
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: underfuld, underlig, undre, vidunder
Etymology number: 2

Noun [Danish]

IPA: /onər/, [ˈɔnɐ]
Etymology: Clipping of underdel or underside. Etymology templates: {{clipping|da|underdel}} Clipping of underdel, {{clipping|da|underside|notext=1}} underside Head templates: {{head|da|noun|singular definite|underen||{{{sg-def-2}}}|||plural indefinite|undere||{{{pl-indef-2}}}||{{{com}}}|f1accel-form=def|s|f4accel-form=indef|p|g=c|g2=|head=}} under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere), {{da-noun|en|e}} under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere) Inflection templates: {{da-decl|en|e|ne}}, {{da-noun-infl-base|g=c|gen-pl-def=undernes|gen-pl-def-2=|gen-pl-def-3=|gen-pl-indef=underes|gen-pl-indef-2=|gen-sg-def=underens|gen-sg-def-2=|gen-sg-indef=unders|gen-sg-indef-2=|gen-sg-indef-3=|pl-def=underne|pl-def-2=|pl-def-3=|pl-indef=undere|pl-indef-2=|pl-indef-3=|sg-def=underen|sg-def-2=|sg-indef=under}} Forms: underen [definite, singular], undere [indefinite, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], under [indefinite, nominative, singular], underen [definite, nominative, singular], undere [indefinite, nominative, plural], underne [definite, nominative, plural], unders [genitive, indefinite, singular], underens [definite, genitive, singular], underes [genitive, indefinite, plural], undernes [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. bottom (part) Tags: common-gender
    Sense id: en-under-da-noun-F32osHSU
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Preposition [Danish]

IPA: /on(ˀ)ər/, [ɔnɐ], [ɔnˀɐ], /onˀər/, [ˈɔnˀɐ]
Etymology: From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter. Etymology templates: {{der|da|non|undir}} Old Norse undir, {{der|da|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|en|under}} English under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter Head templates: {{head|da|preposition}} under
  1. under
    Sense id: en-under-da-prep-12d0imA3 Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 15 15 25 17 29
  2. underneath
    Sense id: en-under-da-prep-SedjVhbg Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 15 15 25 17 29
  3. below
    Sense id: en-under-da-prep-itokv2vz Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 15 15 25 17 29
  4. during
    Sense id: en-under-da-prep-dmeOQM-L Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 15 15 25 17 29
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: u. [abbreviation]
Etymology number: 1

Verb [Danish]

IPA: /onər/, [ˈɔnɐ]
Etymology: See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Etymology templates: {{nonlemma}} See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form. Head templates: {{head|da|verb form}} under
  1. present tense of unde Tags: form-of, present Form of: unde
    Sense id: en-under-da-verb-PBpIDjr5 Categories (other): Danish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Danish entries with incorrect language header: 0 0 7 7 0 2 3 2 7 72
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Adjective [English]

IPA: /ˈʌndə/ [Received-Pronunciation], [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)] [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈʌndəɹ/ [General-American], [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ] [General-American], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ] [General-American], /ˈʊndə/ [Northern-England] Audio: En-us-under.ogg [General-American] Forms: more under [comparative], most under [superlative]
enPR: ŭnʹ-dər Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|under}} Middle English under, {{inh|en|ang|under}} Old English under, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter, {{cog|nl|onder}} Dutch onder, {{cog|no|under}} Norwegian under, {{inh|en|ine-pro|*h₁n̥dʰér|t=under}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), {{m|ine-pro|*h₁entér||inside}} *h₁entér (“inside”), {{cog|goh|untar||under}} Old High German untar (“under”), {{cog|sa|अन्तर्||within}} Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), {{cog|la|infrā||below, beneath}} Latin infrā (“below, beneath”), {{m|la|inter||between, among}} inter (“between, among”) Head templates: {{en-adj}} under (comparative more under, superlative most under)
  1. Lower; beneath something.
    Sense id: en-under-en-adj-Jc3ToeVT
  2. In a state of subordination, submission or defeat.
    Sense id: en-under-en-adj-H9IcoS0Q
  3. (medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated. Tags: colloquial Categories (topical): Medicine
    Sense id: en-under-en-adj-uioI3dXD Categories (other): Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations, English locatives Disambiguation of Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations: 12 1 24 2 4 1 1 16 1 2 1 8 3 4 3 10 1 9 Disambiguation of English locatives: 8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17 Topics: medicine, sciences
  4. (informal) Insufficient or lacking in a particular respect. Tags: informal
    Sense id: en-under-en-adj--rVVeY9T
  5. Down to defeat, ruin, or death.
    Sense id: en-under-en-adj-JLFN9tE-
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: am I under arrest, Ascott-under-Wychwood, Ashton under Hill, Ashton-under-Lyne, Barton-under-Needwood, Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard, Boughton under Blean, bring under, brush something under the carpet, brush something under the rug, bubble under, buckle under, build a fire under, burr under one's saddle, chicken under a brick, come under, cut the ground from under someone's feet, device under test, dive-under, down under, draw a line under, drink someone under the table, drink under the table, driving under the influence, Eaton-under-Heywood, everything under the sun, fall under, flyunder, fly-under, fly under the radar, get under one's goat, get under someone's skin, go under, have had one's day under the sun, hide one's light under a bushel, Hope under Dinmore, hot under the collar, interview under caution, keep under, knock under, knuckle under, land down under, land under, let the grass grow under one's feet, light a fire under, live under a rock, look under rocks, Milton-under-Wychwood, monster under the bed, Newcastle-under-Lyme, nothing new under the sun, one can't carry two watermelons under one arm, one under, over and under, over-and-under, over-under, pass under the yoke, patient under investigation, plough under, plow under, pop-under, Preston-under-Scar, pull the rug out from under, push under, put someone under, put under, red under the bed, sail under false colors, Shipton-under-Wychwood, Simple Simon under, sit under, six feet under, sleep under the same bridge, slip under the radar, snowed under, snow under, squeeze under, stand from under, Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe, sweep something under the carpet, sweep something under the rug, take-under, take under, take under advisement, talk someone under the table, there is nothing new under the sun, throw under a bus, throw under the bus, under-accommodate, under-accommodated, under-accommodating, under-accommodation, underachieve, under a cloud, underage, under a lucky star, under and over, under-approximate, under-approximation, underarm, under arms, under arrest, under a spell, under-attend, under-attended, under-awed, under canvas, under-carter, under center, under clothes, under construction, under control, under correction, under cover, undercurrent, undercut, under-diversification, under-diversify, under-dose, under-educated, under-endowed, under erasure, under-extension, under fire, under-fired, under glass, underground, under-grounder, under hack, under-handed, underhanded, under-handedly, under-handedness, under hatches, under-hedging, under-kimono, underling, under lock and key, under-manager, underneath, under no circumstance, under no circumstances, under oath, under one's arm, under one's belt, under one's breath, under one's feet, under one's hand, under one's hat, under one's own steam, under one's thumb, under one's very eyes, under one's very nose, under one's wing, under over, under-oxygenated, under pain of, under par, under-petticoat, under protest, under-punctuation, underrate, underreport, under-represent, under-representation, under-represented, under-resourced, under-ripe, under sail, under seal, under-sergeant, under-served, under someone's nose, under someone's roof, under-spur-leather, under square, under-stander, under-steward, under-tenant, under the bootheel of, under the breath, under the carpet, under the cosh, under the counter, under-the-counter, under the covers, under the gun, under the hammer, under the hood, under the impression, under the influence, under the knife, under the lee, under the loupe, under the magnifying glass, under the microscope, under the pump, under the radar, under the rose, under the rug, under the rule, under the saya, under the stars, under the sun, under the surface, under-the-table, under the table, under the weather, under the wire, under the yoke, underthigh, under tow, undertow, under-trial, under water, underwater, under way, under weigh, underworld, under wraps, up-and-under, up and under, voice-under, water under the bridge, Weston-under-Lizard, Weston under Penyard, Weston-under-Redcastle, Wotton-under-Edge, under-

Adverb [English]

IPA: /ˈʌndə/ [Received-Pronunciation], [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)] [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈʌndəɹ/ [General-American], [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ] [General-American], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ] [General-American], /ˈʊndə/ [Northern-England] Audio: En-us-under.ogg [General-American]
enPR: ŭnʹ-dər Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|under}} Middle English under, {{inh|en|ang|under}} Old English under, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter, {{cog|nl|onder}} Dutch onder, {{cog|no|under}} Norwegian under, {{inh|en|ine-pro|*h₁n̥dʰér|t=under}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), {{m|ine-pro|*h₁entér||inside}} *h₁entér (“inside”), {{cog|goh|untar||under}} Old High German untar (“under”), {{cog|sa|अन्तर्||within}} Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), {{cog|la|infrā||below, beneath}} Latin infrā (“below, beneath”), {{m|la|inter||between, among}} inter (“between, among”) Head templates: {{en-adv|-}} under (not comparable)
  1. In or to a lower or subordinate position, or a position beneath or below something, physically or figuratively. Tags: not-comparable Translations (In a way lower or less than): sota (Catalan), кӏел (kʼel) (Chechen), dessous (French), didalum (Higaonon), lent (Hungarian), кӏал (kʼal) (Ingush), 下の (shita no) (Japanese), したの (shita no) (Japanese), didalem (Maranao), ibaba (Tagalog)
    Sense id: en-under-en-adv-zkTHng4N Disambiguation of 'In a way lower or less than': 52 3 9 36
  2. So as to pass beneath something. Tags: not-comparable
    Sense id: en-under-en-adv-tTgXiN-o
  3. (usually in compounds) Insufficiently. Tags: in-compounds, not-comparable, usually
    Sense id: en-under-en-adv-uElnJCOH Categories (other): English locatives Disambiguation of English locatives: 8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17
  4. (informal) In or into an unconscious state. Tags: informal, not-comparable
    Sense id: en-under-en-adv-Hpbz4qOa
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: below, beneath Translations (In a way inferior to): huonommin (Finnish), moins (French), 下の (shita no) (Japanese), したの (shita no) (Japanese), sub (Romanian), ananit (Tok Pisin)
Disambiguation of 'In a way inferior to': 53 0 0 47

Noun [English]

IPA: /ˈʌndə/ [Received-Pronunciation], [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)] [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈʌndəɹ/ [General-American], [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ] [General-American], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ] [General-American], /ˈʊndə/ [Northern-England] Audio: En-us-under.ogg [General-American] Forms: unders [plural]
enPR: ŭnʹ-dər Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|under}} Middle English under, {{inh|en|ang|under}} Old English under, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter, {{cog|nl|onder}} Dutch onder, {{cog|no|under}} Norwegian under, {{inh|en|ine-pro|*h₁n̥dʰér|t=under}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), {{m|ine-pro|*h₁entér||inside}} *h₁entér (“inside”), {{cog|goh|untar||under}} Old High German untar (“under”), {{cog|sa|अन्तर्||within}} Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), {{cog|la|infrā||below, beneath}} Latin infrā (“below, beneath”), {{m|la|inter||between, among}} inter (“between, among”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} under (plural unders)
  1. The amount by which an actual total is less than the expected or required amount.
    Sense id: en-under-en-noun-wosM5cIa

Preposition [English]

IPA: /ˈʌndə/ [Received-Pronunciation], [ˈɐn.də(ɹ)] [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈʌndəɹ/ [General-American], [ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ] [General-American], [ˈʌɾ̃ɚ] [General-American], /ˈʊndə/ [Northern-England] Audio: En-us-under.ogg [General-American]
enPR: ŭnʹ-dər Rhymes: -ʌndə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|under}} Middle English under, {{inh|en|ang|under}} Old English under, {{inh|en|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|de|unter}} German unter, {{cog|nl|onder}} Dutch onder, {{cog|no|under}} Norwegian under, {{inh|en|ine-pro|*h₁n̥dʰér|t=under}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), {{m|ine-pro|*h₁entér||inside}} *h₁entér (“inside”), {{cog|goh|untar||under}} Old High German untar (“under”), {{cog|sa|अन्तर्||within}} Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), {{cog|la|infrā||below, beneath}} Latin infrā (“below, beneath”), {{m|la|inter||between, among}} inter (“between, among”) Head templates: {{head|en|prepositions|head=}} under, {{en-prep}} under
  1. At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by.
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-eeix1Y5t
  2. At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by.
    Below the surface of.
    Translations (beneath the surface of): ὑπό (hupó) (alt: + acc.) (Ancient Greek), تَحْتَ (taḥta) (Arabic), տակ (tak) (Armenian), пад (pad) (Belarusian), davall (Catalan), sota (Catalan), nota' (Chickasaw), 在……底下 (zài ... dǐxia) (Chinese Mandarin), 在……以下 (zài ... yǐxià) (Chinese Mandarin), pod (Czech), onder (Dutch), alla (Finnish), sous (French), unter (German), ... के नीचे (... ke nīce) (Hindi), alatt (Hungarian), 下に (shita ni) (Japanese), したに (shita ni) (Japanese), ...아래에 (...araee) (Korean), zem (Latvian), pód (Lower Sorbian), под (pod) (Macedonian), souôs (Norman), pod (Polish), embaixo de (Portuguese), sob (Portuguese), sub (Romanian), под (pod) (Russian), fo (Scottish Gaelic), bajo (Spanish), under (Swedish), altında (Turkish), під (pid) (Ukrainian), ... کے نیچے (... ke nīce) (Urdu), lábẹ́ (Yoruba)
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-XUDc7eyp Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29 Disambiguation of 'beneath the surface of': 0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0
  3. From one side of to the other, passing beneath.
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-~yLpXoiG
  4. Less than. Translations (at a lower level than): чӏэгъ (ĉʼɛğ) (Adyghe), onder (Afrikaans), (Albanian), nën (Albanian), ὑπό (hupó) (alt: + acc.) (Ancient Greek), تَحْتَ (taḥta) (Arabic), تحت (taḥt) [Egyptian-Arabic] (Arabic), տակ (tak) (Armenian), ներքո (nerkʿo) (Armenian), ներքևում (nerkʿewum) (Armenian), dighios (Aromanian), altında (Azerbaijani), пад (pad) (Belarusian), নিচে (nice) (Bengali), под (pod) (Bulgarian), အောက် (auk) (Burmese), davall (Catalan), sota (Catalan), لە ژێر ... دا (le jêr ... da) (Central Kurdish), ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ (hawinaditlv) (Cherokee), 在...之下 (zài...zhīxià) (Chinese Mandarin), pod (Czech), sote (Dalmatian), under (Danish), onder (Dutch), sub (Esperanto), all (Estonian), alla (Finnish), alapuolella (Finnish), alempana (Finnish), sous (French), sot (Friulian), ქვეშ (kveš) (Georgian), unter (German), υπό (ypó) (Greek), תַחַת (tákhat) (Hebrew), ... के नीचे (... ke nīce) (Hindi), alatt (Hungarian), undir (Icelandic), sub (Ido), di bawah (Indonesian), bawah (Indonesian), faoi (Irish), sotto (Italian), ...下に (...shita ni) (alt: ...したに) (Japanese), щӏагъ (śʼağ) (Kabardian), астында (astynda) (Kazakh), asra (Khalaj), ast (Khalaj), ក្រោម (kraom) (Khmer), ខាងក្រោម (kʰaaŋ kraom) (Khmer), ...아래에서 (...araeeseo) (Korean), ...아래의 (...arae'ui) (Korean), астында (astında) (Kyrgyz), ໃຕ້ (tai) (Lao), sub (alt: + acc. or abl/) (Latin), zem (Latvian), apakš (Latvian), po (Lithuanian), pód (Lower Sorbian), под (pod) (Macedonian), di bawah (Malay), bawah (Malay), taħt (Maltese), raro (Maori), soubs (Middle French), soubtz (Middle French), soubz (Middle French), дор (dor) (Mongolian), доош (dooš) (Mongolian), a sotto (Neapolitan), ho-ntsini mwa (Ngazidja Comorian), souôs (Norman), öner [Sylt] (North Frisian), di bin ... de (Northern Kurdish), di bin (Northern Kurdish), vuolde (Northern Sami), under (Norwegian), sota (Occitan), souz (Old French), sus (Old French), د لاندی (dë lânde) (Pashto), لاندی (lânde) (Pashto), تحت (taht) (Persian), زیر (zir) (Persian), pod (Polish), debaixo (Portuguese), sob (Portuguese), sub (Romanian), sut (Romansch), sot (Romansch), suot (Romansch), под (pod) (Russian), ни́же (níže) (Russian), अध (adha) (Sanskrit), suta (Sardinian), unner (Saterland Frisian), unner (Scots), fo (Scottish Gaelic), под [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), pod [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), pod (Slovak), pod (Slovene), bajo (Spanish), debajo (Spanish), under (Swedish), nedanför (Swedish), nedan för (Swedish), таҳти (tahti) (Tajik), ใต้ (dtâai) (Thai), ภายใต้ (paai-dtâai) (Thai), ñor (Tocharian B), ananit (Tok Pisin), aninit (Tok Pisin), altında (Turkish), astynda (Turkmen), aşagynda (Turkmen), адаанда (adaanda) (Tuvan), під (pid) (Ukrainian), ئاستىدا (astida) (Uyghur), ostida (Uzbek), dưới (Vietnamese), dan (Welsh), tan (Welsh), ûnder (West Frisian), אונטער (unter) (Yiddish), lábẹ́ (Yoruba) Translations (less than): menys de (Catalan), onder (Dutch), minder dan (Dutch), alle (Finnish), vähemmän kuin (Finnish), moins de (French), unter (German), weniger als (German), 下に (shita ni) (Japanese), したに (shita ni) (Japanese), помалку од (pomalku od) (Macedonian), poniżej (Polish), mniej niż (Polish), menos que/de (Portuguese), ме́ньше (ménʹše) (Russian), ни́же (níže) (Russian), fo (Scottish Gaelic)
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-0UPYrVUq Disambiguation of 'at a lower level than': 0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0 Disambiguation of 'less than': 1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1
  5. Subordinate to; subject to the control of; in accordance with; in compliance with. Translations (subject to): sota (Catalan), onder (Dutch), alamainen [noun] (Finnish), sous (French), unter (German), ...下に (...shita ni) (alt: ...したに) (Japanese), souôs (Norman), pod (Polish), sob (Portuguese), fo (Scottish Gaelic), under (Swedish) Translations (subordinate to): sota (Catalan), sous (French), unter (German), bajo las órdenes de (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-qo8CUumc Categories (other): English prepositions Disambiguation of English prepositions: 4 5 9 8 7 6 3 5 3 4 1 2 8 9 16 5 2 3 Disambiguation of 'subject to': 3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2 Disambiguation of 'subordinate to': 1 1 2 5 85 3 1 2
  6. Within the category, classification or heading of.
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-4v0CwY-n Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English locatives Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29 Disambiguation of English locatives: 8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17
  7. (figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force). Tags: figuratively
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-O2lwoDBf
  8. Using or adopting (a name, identity, etc.).
    Sense id: en-under-en-prep-PNm-XV0R Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English locatives Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 8 1 12 2 1 1 1 15 1 2 1 8 3 2 2 12 1 28 Disambiguation of English locatives: 8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: below, beneath, underneath

Verb [Latin]

Head templates: {{head|la|verb form}} under
  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of undō Tags: first-person, form-of, passive, present, singular, subjunctive Form of: undō
    Sense id: en-under-la-verb-m5me1Md7 Categories (other): Latin entries with incorrect language header

Preposition [Middle English]

Etymology: From Old English under, from Proto-West Germanic *undar, from Proto-Germanic *under. Etymology templates: {{inh|enm|ang|under}} Old English under, {{inh|enm|gmw-pro|*undar}} Proto-West Germanic *undar, {{inh|enm|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under Head templates: {{head|enm|preposition}} under
  1. under
    Sense id: en-under-enm-prep-12d0imA3 Categories (other): Middle English prepositions Disambiguation of Middle English prepositions: 46 54
  2. among
    Sense id: en-under-enm-prep-dmwdE6Pg Categories (other): Middle English prepositions Disambiguation of Middle English prepositions: 46 54
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: vnder, onder
Categories (other): Middle English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Middle English entries with incorrect language header: 0 0

Noun [Norwegian Bokmål]

IPA: /ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/, /ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/ Forms: underet [definite, singular], undret [definite, singular], under [indefinite, plural], undere [indefinite, plural], undre [indefinite, plural], undera [definite, plural], underne [definite, plural], undra [definite, plural], undrene [definite, plural]
Etymology: From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”). Etymology templates: {{der|nb|non|undr}} Old Norse undr, {{der|nb|gem-pro|*wundrą}} Proto-Germanic *wundrą, {{der|nb|ine-pro|*wenh₁-||to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love}} Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”) Head templates: {{head|nb|noun|definite singular|underet|or|undret|indefinite plural|under|or|undere|or|undre|definite plural|undera|or|underne|or|undra|or|undrene|g=n}} under n (definite singular underet or undret, indefinite plural under or undere or undre, definite plural undera or underne or undra or undrene)
  1. wonder, marvel, miracle Tags: neuter Derived forms: underfull, underverk, vidunder
    Sense id: en-under-nb-noun-Tc~fVSpU
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Preposition [Norwegian Bokmål]

IPA: /ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/, /ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/
Etymology: From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Etymology templates: {{der|nb|non|undir}} Old Norse undir, {{der|nb|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under Head templates: {{head|nb|preposition}} under
  1. below; beneath
    Sense id: en-under-nb-prep-ENKw9d8C
  2. during
    Sense id: en-under-nb-prep-dmeOQM-L
  3. under
    Sense id: en-under-nb-prep-12d0imA3
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: oppunder, under-, underveis
Etymology number: 1

Noun [Norwegian Nynorsk]

IPA: /ˈʉndər/ Forms: underet [definite, singular], under [indefinite, plural], undera [definite, plural]
Etymology: From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”). Akin to English wonder. Etymology templates: {{der|nn|non|undr}} Old Norse undr, {{der|nn|gem-pro|*wundrą}} Proto-Germanic *wundrą, {{der|nn|ine-pro|*wenh₁-||to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love}} Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”), {{cog|en|wonder}} English wonder
  1. wonder, marvel, miracle Tags: neuter Derived forms: underverk
    Sense id: en-under-nn-noun-Tc~fVSpU
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: poinni [dialectal]
Etymology number: 2

Preposition [Norwegian Nynorsk]

IPA: /ˈʉndər/
Etymology: From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Akin to English under. Etymology templates: {{der|nn|non|undir}} Old Norse undir, {{der|nn|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|en|under}} English under Head templates: {{head|nn|preposition}} under
  1. below, beneath, under
    Sense id: en-under-nn-prep-cu4X8Ihi
  2. during
    Sense id: en-under-nn-prep-dmeOQM-L
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: poinni [dialectal] Derived forms: oppunder, under-
Etymology number: 1

Preposition [Old Dutch]

Head templates: {{head|odt|preposition}} under
  1. under
    Sense id: en-under-odt-prep-12d0imA3 Categories (other): Old Dutch entries with incorrect language header, Old Dutch prepositions

Preposition [Old English]

IPA: /ˈun.der/
Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *under. Compare Old Saxon undar, Old High German untar. Etymology templates: {{inh|ang|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under, {{cog|osx|undar}} Old Saxon undar, {{cog|goh|untar}} Old High German untar Head templates: {{head|ang|preposition|head=|sort=}} under, {{ang-prep}} under
  1. under
    Sense id: en-under-ang-prep-12d0imA3 Categories (other): Old English prepositions Disambiguation of Old English prepositions: 46 54
  2. among
    Sense id: en-under-ang-prep-dmwdE6Pg Categories (other): Old English prepositions Disambiguation of Old English prepositions: 46 54
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Categories (other): Old English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old English entries with incorrect language header: 0 0

Noun [Old Swedish]

Etymology: From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą. Etymology templates: {{inh|gmq-osw|non|undr}} Old Norse undr, {{inh|gmq-osw|gem-pro|*wundrą}} Proto-Germanic *wundrą Head templates: {{head|gmq-osw|noun|g=n}} under n Inflection templates: {{gmq-osw-decl-noun-a-n|undr|acc_pl=under|acc_sg=under|gen_sg=unders|nom_pl=under|nom_sg=under}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-blank-full|apd=undrin|api=undr|asd=undrit|asi=undr|dpd=undrumin,undromen|dpi=undrum,undrom|dsd=undrinu,undreno|dsi=undri,undre|g=neuter|gpd=undranna|gpi=undra|gsd=undrsins|gsi=undrs|notes=|npd=undrin|npi=undr|nsd=undrit|nsi=undr|stem=strong a-stem|title=under}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undr|nsi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrit|nsd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undr|npi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrin|npd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undr|asi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrit|asd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undr|api}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrin|apd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undri,undre|dsi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrinu,undreno|dsd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrum,undrom|dpi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrumin,undromen|dpd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrs|gsi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undrsins|gsd}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undra|gpi}}, {{gmq-osw-decl-cell|undranna|gpd}} Forms: strong [table-tags], undr [indefinite, nominative, singular], undrit [definite, nominative, singular], undr [indefinite, nominative, plural], undrin [definite, nominative, plural], undr [accusative, indefinite, singular], undrit [accusative, definite, singular], undr [accusative, indefinite, plural], undrin [accusative, definite, plural], undri [dative, indefinite, singular], undre [dative, indefinite, singular], undrinu [dative, definite, singular], undreno [dative, definite, singular], undrum [dative, indefinite, plural], undrom [dative, indefinite, plural], undrumin [dative, definite, plural], undromen [dative, definite, plural], undrs [genitive, indefinite, singular], undrsins [definite, genitive, singular], undra [genitive, indefinite, plural], undranna [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. wonder, miracle Tags: neuter
    Sense id: en-under-gmq-osw-noun-xSA1Pjyp Categories (other): Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header: 52 48
  2. wonderment, awe, marvel Tags: neuter
    Sense id: en-under-gmq-osw-noun-SxvnqtYX Categories (other): Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header: 52 48

Preposition [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ˈun.der/
Etymology: From a merger of two originally distinct prepositions as a result of Verner's law: Pre-Germanic *untér and *undʰér, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”), from which also Latin inter; and *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), whence Latin īnfrā, Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”), Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”). Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁entér|*h₁n̥tér|inside}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”), {{cog|la|inter}} Latin inter, {{m|ine-pro|*h₁n̥dʰér||under}} *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), {{cog|la|īnfrā}} Latin īnfrā, {{cog|sa|अध||below|tr=adhá}} Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”), {{cog|os|дӕлӕ||below}} Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”) Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|preposition|cat2=adverbs}} *under
  1. (+dative) among, between Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: en-under-gem-pro-prep-NP~WmJ5H Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 28 27 46 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 35 31 34
  2. (+dative) under, beneath (location) Tags: reconstruction, with-dative
    Sense id: en-under-gem-pro-prep-xFDNFR~k Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 28 27 46 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 35 31 34
  3. (+accusative) under (direction) Tags: reconstruction, with-accusative
    Sense id: en-under-gem-pro-prep-rGPbhLBz Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 28 27 46 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 35 31 34

Noun [Swedish]

IPA: /ˈɵndɛr/ Audio: Sv-under.ogg
Etymology: From Old Swedish under, from Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”). Etymology templates: {{inh|sv|gmq-osw|under}} Old Swedish under, {{inh|sv|non|undr}} Old Norse undr, {{inh|sv|gem-pro|*wundrą}} Proto-Germanic *wundrą, {{der|sv|ine-pro|*wenh₁-||to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love}} Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”) Head templates: {{head|sv|nouns||g=n|g2=|head=|sort=}} under n, {{sv-noun|n}} under n Inflection templates: {{sv-infl-noun-n-zero|stem=undr}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], under [indefinite, nominative, singular], undret [definite, nominative, singular], under [indefinite, nominative, plural], undren [definite, nominative, plural], unders [genitive, indefinite, singular], undrets [definite, genitive, singular], unders [genitive, indefinite, plural], undrens [definite, genitive, plural]
  1. wonder, miracle Tags: neuter Derived forms: underbarn, vidunder Related terms: på under, under tiden
    Sense id: en-under-sv-noun-xSA1Pjyp Categories (other): Swedish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Swedish entries with incorrect language header: 45 0 55
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Preposition [Swedish]

IPA: /ˈɵndɛr/ Audio: Sv-under.ogg
Etymology: From Old Swedish undir, from Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Etymology templates: {{inh|sv|gmq-osw|undir}} Old Swedish undir, {{inh|sv|non|undir}} Old Norse undir, {{inh|sv|gem-pro|*under}} Proto-Germanic *under Head templates: {{head|sv|preposition}} under
  1. under; below; beneath
    Sense id: en-under-sv-prep-6PQRJGFJ
  2. during, at the same time as
    Sense id: en-under-sv-prep-1Ek4aq~6 Categories (other): Swedish entries with incorrect language header, Swedish prepositions Disambiguation of Swedish entries with incorrect language header: 45 0 55 Disambiguation of Swedish prepositions: 37 63
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: underskatta, undertag
Etymology number: 1

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for under meaning in All languages combined (96.0kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "above"
    },
    {
      "word": "over"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "prepositions",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "en-prep"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "We found some shade under a tree.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "About £10,000 was stuffed under the mattress.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is nothing new under the sun.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is an oil leak under the car.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28",
          "text": "Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale.[…]Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-eeix1Y5t",
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "surmount",
          "surmount"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The crocodile lurked just under the water.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by.",
        "Below the surface of."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-XUDc7eyp",
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "surmount",
          "surmount"
        ],
        [
          "Below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "surface",
          "surface"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "taḥta",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "تَحْتَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "tak",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "տակ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pad",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "пад"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "davall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "cic",
          "lang": "Chickasaw",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "nota'"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zài ... dǐxia",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "在……底下"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zài ... yǐxià",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "在……以下"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "onder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "alla"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "sous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "unter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "alt": "+ acc.",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "hupó",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "ὑπό"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "... ke nīce",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "... के नीचे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "alatt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita ni",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "下に"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita ni",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "したに"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "...araee",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "...아래에"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "zem"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "pod",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "souôs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "embaixo de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "sob"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "sub"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pod",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "fo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "pód"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "bajo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "under"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "altında"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pid",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "під"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "... ke nīce",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "... کے نیچے"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 82 12 3 1 2 0 0",
          "code": "yo",
          "lang": "Yoruba",
          "sense": "beneath the surface of",
          "word": "lábẹ́"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I crawled under the fence.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is a tunnel under the English Channel.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "From one side of to the other, passing beneath."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-~yLpXoiG"
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Interest rates are now under 1%.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "We can get there in under an hour.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Less than."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-0UPYrVUq",
      "links": [
        [
          "Less",
          "less"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ady",
          "lang": "Adyghe",
          "roman": "ĉʼɛğ",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "чӏэгъ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "onder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "në"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "nën"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "taḥta",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "تَحْتَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "arz",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "taḥt",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "tags": [
            "Egyptian-Arabic"
          ],
          "word": "تحت"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "tak",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "տակ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "nerkʿo",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ներքո"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "nerkʿewum",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ներքևում"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "rup",
          "lang": "Aromanian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "dighios"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "altında"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pad",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "пад"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "nice",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "নিচে"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pod",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "auk",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "အောက်"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "davall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "chr",
          "lang": "Cherokee",
          "roman": "hawinaditlv",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zài...zhīxià",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "在...之下"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "dlm",
          "lang": "Dalmatian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sote"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "under"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "onder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sub"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "all"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "alla"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "alapuolella"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "alempana"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "frm",
          "lang": "Middle French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "soubs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "frm",
          "lang": "Middle French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "soubtz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "frm",
          "lang": "Middle French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "soubz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fro",
          "lang": "Old French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "souz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fro",
          "lang": "Old French",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fur",
          "lang": "Friulian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sot"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "kveš",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ქვეშ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "unter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "ypó",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "υπό"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "alt": "+ acc.",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "hupó",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ὑπό"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "tákhat",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "תַחַת"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "... ke nīce",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "... के नीचे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "alatt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "undir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sub"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "di bawah"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "bawah"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "faoi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sotto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "alt": "...したに",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...shita ni",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "...下に"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "kbd",
          "lang": "Kabardian",
          "roman": "śʼağ",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "щӏагъ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "astynda",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "астында"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "klj",
          "lang": "Khalaj",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "asra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "klj",
          "lang": "Khalaj",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ast"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "kraom",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ក្រោម"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "kʰaaŋ kraom",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ខាងក្រោម"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "...araeeseo",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "...아래에서"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "...arae'ui",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "...아래의"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "le jêr ... da",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "لە ژێر ... دا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "di bin ... de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "di bin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "astında",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "астында"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "tai",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ໃຕ້"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "alt": "+ acc. or abl/",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sub"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "zem"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "apakš"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "po"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "pod",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "di bawah"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "bawah"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "taħt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "raro"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "dor",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "дор"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "dooš",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "доош"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "nap",
          "lang": "Neapolitan",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "a sotto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "zdj",
          "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ho-ntsini mwa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "souôs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "frr",
          "lang": "North Frisian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "tags": [
            "Sylt"
          ],
          "word": "öner"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "se",
          "lang": "Northern Sami",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "vuolde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "under"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "dë lânde",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "د لاندی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "lânde",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "لاندی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "taht",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "تحت"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "zir",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "زیر"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "debaixo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sob"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sub"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "sot"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "suot"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pod",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "níže",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ни́же"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "adha",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "अध"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "suta"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "stq",
          "lang": "Saterland Frisian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "unner"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "unner"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "fo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "под"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "pód"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "bajo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "debajo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "under"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "nedanför"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "nedan för"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "tahti",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "таҳти"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "dtâai",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ใต้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "paai-dtâai",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ภายใต้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "note": "genitive case + འོག་ལ ('og la) (as postposition)",
          "sense": "at a lower level than"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "txb",
          "lang": "Tocharian B",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ñor"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tpi",
          "lang": "Tok Pisin",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ananit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tpi",
          "lang": "Tok Pisin",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "aninit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "altında"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "astynda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "aşagynda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "tyv",
          "lang": "Tuvan",
          "roman": "adaanda",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "адаанда"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pid",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "під"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "astida",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ئاستىدا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ostida"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "dưới"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "dan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "tan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "ûnder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "unter",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "אונטער"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 7 5 79 3 6 0 0",
          "code": "yo",
          "lang": "Yoruba",
          "sense": "at a lower level than",
          "word": "lábẹ́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "menys de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "onder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "minder dan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "alle"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "vähemmän kuin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "moins de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "unter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "weniger als"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita ni",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "下に"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita ni",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "したに"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "pomalku od",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "помалку од"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "poniżej"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "mniej niż"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "menos que/de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "ménʹše",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "ме́ньше"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "níže",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "ни́же"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 91 2 2 1 1",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "less than",
          "word": "fo"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 5 9 8 7 6 3 5 3 4 1 2 8 9 16 5 2 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He served in World War II under General Omar Bradley.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "During the pandemic, we had to live under severe restrictions.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "Under the law and concession agreement with other parties, the private company must pay taxes in time and on a right amount.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1987, Arthur C. Hasiotis, Jr., Soviet Political, Economic, and Military Involvement in Sinkiang from 1928 to 1949, Garland Publishing, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 62",
          "text": "There is general agreement that his military forces were organized into six divisions. They were stationed at the following places: at Ti-hua under the command of Liu Hsi-tsen, at T'a-ch'eng under Chiang Sung-lin, at Ili under Niu Shih, at A-shan under Wei Chen-kuo, at A-k'o-su under Chang Tzu-t'ing, and at Ko-shih-ko-erh (Kashgar) nominally under Tsou-ying, but in reality under Chin's brother, Chin Shu-chih.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "He was then denied by a magnificent tackle from captain Terry as Liverpool continued to press - but Chelsea survived as the memories of the nightmare under Villas-Boas faded even further into the background.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2011 December 14, Angelique Chrisafis, “Rachida Dati accuses French PM of sexism and elitism”, in Guardian",
          "text": "Dati launched a blistering attack on the prime minister, François Fillon, under whom she served as justice minister, accusing him of sexism, elitism, arrogance and hindering the political advancement of ethnic minorities.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Subordinate to; subject to the control of; in accordance with; in compliance with."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-qo8CUumc",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "onder"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "tags": [
            "noun"
          ],
          "word": "alamainen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "sous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "unter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "alt": "...したに",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...shita ni",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "...下に"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "souôs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "pod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "sob"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "fo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 3 5 7 74 4 2 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "subject to",
          "word": "under"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 5 85 3 1 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "subordinate to",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 5 85 3 1 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "subordinate to",
          "word": "sous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 5 85 3 1 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "subordinate to",
          "word": "unter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 2 5 85 3 1 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "subordinate to",
          "word": "bajo las órdenes de"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English locatives",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "File this under \"i\" for \"ignore\".",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Within the category, classification or heading of."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-4v0CwY-n"
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France",
          "text": "England's World Cup dreams fell apart under a French onslaught on a night when their shortcomings were brutally exposed at the quarter-final stage.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "to collapse under stress; to give in under interrogation",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In the face of; in response to (some attacking force)."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-O2lwoDBf",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "2 23 8 5 6 25 2 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 1 12 2 1 1 1 15 1 2 1 8 3 2 2 12 1 28",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English locatives",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2013, The Huffington Post, JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith's 'The Cuckoo's Calling' Is Actually By Harry Potter Author",
          "text": "J.K. Rowling has written a crime novel called 'The Cuckoo's Calling' under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "He writes books under the name John Smith.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "She now lives under a new identity.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Using or adopting (a name, identity, etc.)."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-prep-PNm-XV0R"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "below"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "beneath"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underneath"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "above"
    },
    {
      "word": "over"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "under (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "pulled under by the currents"
        },
        {
          "text": "weighed under by worry"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1825, Thomas Moore, The Minster Boy",
          "text": "The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain / Could not bring his proud soul under.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In or to a lower or subordinate position, or a position beneath or below something, physically or figuratively."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adv-zkTHng4N",
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "sota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "ce",
          "lang": "Chechen",
          "roman": "kʼel",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "кӏел"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "dessous"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "mba",
          "lang": "Higaonon",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "didalum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "lent"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "inh",
          "lang": "Ingush",
          "roman": "kʼal",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "кӏал"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita no",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "下の"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shita no",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "したの"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "mrw",
          "lang": "Maranao",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "didalem"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "52 3 9 36",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
          "word": "ibaba"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "There's quite a gap, so you may be able to sneak under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "So as to pass beneath something."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adv-tTgXiN-o",
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English locatives",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The plants were underwatered."
        },
        {
          "text": "Women are under-represented."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Insufficiently."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adv-uElnJCOH",
      "links": [
        [
          "Insufficiently",
          "insufficiently"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(usually in compounds) Insufficiently."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-compounds",
        "not-comparable",
        "usually"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It took the hypnotist several minutes to make his subject go under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In or into an unconscious state."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adv-Hpbz4qOa",
      "links": [
        [
          "unconscious",
          "unconscious"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) In or into an unconscious state."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "below"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "beneath"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "huonommin"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "moins"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "下の"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "したの"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "53 0 0 47",
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "ananit"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "am I under arrest"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Ascott-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Ashton under Hill"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Ashton-under-Lyne"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Barton-under-Needwood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Boughton under Blean"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bring under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "brush something under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "brush something under the rug"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bubble under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "buckle under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "build a fire under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "burr under one's saddle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "chicken under a brick"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "come under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cut the ground from under someone's feet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "device under test"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "dive-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "down under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "draw a line under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "drink someone under the table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "drink under the table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "driving under the influence"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Eaton-under-Heywood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "everything under the sun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "fall under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "flyunder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "fly-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "fly under the radar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "get under one's goat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "get under someone's skin"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "go under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "have had one's day under the sun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hide one's light under a bushel"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Hope under Dinmore"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hot under the collar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "interview under caution"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "keep under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "knock under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "knuckle under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "land down under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "land under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "let the grass grow under one's feet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "light a fire under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "live under a rock"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "look under rocks"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Milton-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "monster under the bed"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Newcastle-under-Lyme"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "nothing new under the sun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "one can't carry two watermelons under one arm"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "one under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "over and under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "over-and-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "over-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "pass under the yoke"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "patient under investigation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "plough under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "plow under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "pop-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Preston-under-Scar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "pull the rug out from under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "push under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "put someone under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "put under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "red under the bed"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sail under false colors"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Shipton-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Simple Simon under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sit under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "six feet under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sleep under the same bridge"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "slip under the radar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "snowed under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "snow under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "squeeze under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "stand from under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sweep something under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "sweep something under the rug"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "take-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "take under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "take under advisement"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "talk someone under the table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "there is nothing new under the sun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "throw under a bus"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "throw under the bus"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-accommodate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-accommodated"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-accommodating"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-accommodation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underachieve"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under a cloud"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underage"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under a lucky star"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under and over"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-approximate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-approximation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underarm"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under arms"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under arrest"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under a spell"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-attend"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-attended"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-awed"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under canvas"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-carter"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under center"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under clothes"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under construction"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under control"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under correction"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under cover"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "undercurrent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "undercut"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-diversification"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-diversify"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-dose"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-educated"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-endowed"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under erasure"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-extension"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under fire"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-fired"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under glass"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underground"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-grounder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under hack"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-handed"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underhanded"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-handedly"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-handedness"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under hatches"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-hedging"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-kimono"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underling"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under lock and key"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-manager"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underneath"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under no circumstance"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under no circumstances"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under oath"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's arm"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's belt"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's breath"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's feet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's hand"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's hat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's own steam"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's thumb"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's very eyes"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's very nose"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under one's wing"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under over"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-oxygenated"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under pain of"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under par"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-petticoat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under protest"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-punctuation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underrate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underreport"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-represent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-representation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-represented"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-resourced"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-ripe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under sail"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under seal"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-sergeant"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-served"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under someone's nose"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under someone's roof"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-spur-leather"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under square"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-stander"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-steward"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-tenant"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the bootheel of"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the breath"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the cosh"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the counter"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-the-counter"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the covers"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the gun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the hammer"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the hood"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the impression"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the influence"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the knife"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the lee"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the loupe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the magnifying glass"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the microscope"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the pump"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the radar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the rose"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the rug"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the rule"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the saya"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the stars"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the sun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the surface"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-the-table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the table"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the weather"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the wire"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under the yoke"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underthigh"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under tow"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "undertow"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-trial"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under water"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underwater"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under way"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under weigh"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "underworld"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under wraps"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "up-and-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "up and under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "voice-under"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "water under the bridge"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Weston-under-Lizard"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Weston under Penyard"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Weston-under-Redcastle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Wotton-under-Edge"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "under-"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more under",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most under",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under (comparative more under, superlative most under)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "This treatment protects the under portion of the car from rust."
        },
        {
          "text": "(in compounds) underbelly, underside, undershirt, undersecretary"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1835, J G. Peters, A treatise on equitation, or the art of horsemanship, page 179",
          "text": "The advantages he gains are of double security to him ; first, by the support of his haunches, being at all times more under than before, he learns to be more active with his hind-quarters",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1908, Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, The American golfer, volumes 1-2, page 10",
          "text": "If you allow the right hand to turn under more than the left, a pull will result, and if the left is more under than the right, a sliced ball will surely follow.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2009, Doris Lessing, Briefing for a Descent Into Hell, page 30",
          "text": "The waves are so steep, they crash so fast and furious I'm more under than up.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Lower; beneath something."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adj-Jc3ToeVT"
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The army could not keep the people under.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1892, Sir George Giffard, Reminiscences of a Naval Officer, page 45",
          "text": "When ready for sea we went up to Greenhithe, that their lordships might inspect us, and then to Portsmouth, to take troops to Cork, a pleasant trip; but the troops left us a legacy of \"mahogany flats,\" with which their beds were so swarming that we never got them under.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In a state of subordination, submission or defeat."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adj-H9IcoS0Q"
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Medicine",
          "orig": "en:Medicine",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 1 24 2 4 1 1 16 1 2 1 8 3 4 3 10 1 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 2 12 4 3 1 0 15 0 2 1 9 6 4 3 11 1 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English locatives",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Ensure the patient is sufficiently under.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adj-uioI3dXD",
      "links": [
        [
          "medicine",
          "medicine"
        ],
        [
          "anesthesia",
          "anesthesia"
        ],
        [
          "general anesthesia",
          "general anesthesia"
        ],
        [
          "sedated",
          "sedated"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "This chicken is a bit under. (insufficiently cooked)"
        },
        {
          "text": "This bag of apples feels under. (of insufficient weight)"
        },
        {
          "text": "My pay packet last week was £10 under. (of insufficient monetary amount)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Insufficient or lacking in a particular respect."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adj--rVVeY9T",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) Insufficient or lacking in a particular respect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The COVID=19 epidemic and shutdown took some businesses under."
        },
        {
          "text": "Big-box store and online retailing have driven many specialty and local retail stores under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Down to defeat, ruin, or death."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-adj-JLFN9tE-"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under (plural unders)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2008, G. Puttick, Sandy van Esch, The Principles and Practice of Auditing, page 609",
          "text": "[…] standard cash count forms used to record the count and any overs or unders.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The amount by which an actual total is less than the expected or required amount."
      ],
      "id": "en-under-en-noun-wosM5cIa"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yue",
        "2": "en",
        "3": "underwear"
      },
      "expansion": "English underwear",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "undies"
      },
      "expansion": "undies",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From English underwear or undies.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Chinese",
  "lang_code": "zh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Chinese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Chinese terms written in foreign scripts",
          "parents": [
            "Terms written in foreign scripts",
            "Terms by orthographic property",
            "Terms by lexical property"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hong Kong Cantonese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "underwear"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-zh-noun-Qx6HbRSL",
      "links": [
        [
          "underwear",
          "underwear"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Hong Kong Cantonese) underwear"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Jyutping"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "an¹ daa²"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Yale"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "ān dá"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Pinyin"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "an¹ daa²"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Guangdong-Romanization"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "en¹ da²"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Sinological-IPA"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 15 25 17 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-prep-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 15 25 17 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "underneath"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-prep-SedjVhbg",
      "links": [
        [
          "underneath",
          "underneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 15 25 17 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "below"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-prep-itokv2vz",
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 15 25 17 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-prep-dmeOQM-L",
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/on(ˀ)ər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnˀɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "u."
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "adverb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "da-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 15 25 17 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-adv-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/on(ˀ)ər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnˀɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "u."
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "wonder"
      },
      "expansion": "English wonder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Wunder"
      },
      "expansion": "German Wunder",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, cognate with English wonder, German Wunder.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "da-noun-infl",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underets",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undernes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{pl-indef-2}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{com}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "singular definite",
        "4": "underet",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{sg-def-2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "plural indefinite",
        "f1accel-form": "def|s",
        "f4accel-form": "indef|p",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "da-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "e",
        "3": "ne"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n",
        "gen-pl-def": "undernes",
        "gen-pl-def-2": "",
        "gen-pl-def-3": "",
        "gen-pl-indef": "underes",
        "gen-pl-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-def": "underets",
        "gen-sg-def-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef": "unders",
        "gen-sg-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef-3": "",
        "pl-def": "underne",
        "pl-def-2": "",
        "pl-def-3": "",
        "pl-indef": "undere",
        "pl-indef-2": "",
        "pl-indef-3": "",
        "sg-def": "underet",
        "sg-def-2": "",
        "sg-indef": "under"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl-base"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "underfuld"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "underlig"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "undre"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "vidunder"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonder"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-noun-NilgWcyo",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "marvel"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-noun-OIaNyQX0",
      "links": [
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "miracle"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-noun-BOhLOobC",
      "links": [
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "underdel"
      },
      "expansion": "Clipping of underdel",
      "name": "clipping"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "underside",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "underside",
      "name": "clipping"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Clipping of underdel or underside.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underen",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "da-decl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underen",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underens",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undernes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{pl-indef-2}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{com}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "singular definite",
        "4": "underen",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{sg-def-2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "plural indefinite",
        "f1accel-form": "def|s",
        "f4accel-form": "indef|p",
        "g": "c",
        "g2": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "da-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "e",
        "3": "ne"
      },
      "name": "da-decl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "c",
        "gen-pl-def": "undernes",
        "gen-pl-def-2": "",
        "gen-pl-def-3": "",
        "gen-pl-indef": "underes",
        "gen-pl-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-def": "underens",
        "gen-sg-def-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef": "unders",
        "gen-sg-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef-3": "",
        "pl-def": "underne",
        "pl-def-2": "",
        "pl-def-3": "",
        "pl-indef": "undere",
        "pl-indef-2": "",
        "pl-indef-3": "",
        "sg-def": "underen",
        "sg-def-2": "",
        "sg-indef": "under"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl-base"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bottom (part)"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-noun-F32osHSU",
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 0 7 7 0 2 3 2 7 72",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "unde"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "present tense of unde"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-da-verb-PBpIDjr5",
      "links": [
        [
          "unde",
          "unde#Danish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "present"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "undō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular present passive subjunctive of undō"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-la-verb-m5me1Md7",
      "links": [
        [
          "undō",
          "undo#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "passive",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
      "parents": [
        "Entries with incorrect language header",
        "Entry maintenance"
      ],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "English: under",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: under"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "unner"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: unner",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: unner"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "unnere"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: unnere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: unnere"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*undar"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *undar",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English under, from Proto-West Germanic *undar, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "46 54",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-enm-prep-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "46 54",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "among"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-enm-prep-dmwdE6Pg",
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vnder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "onder"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "oppunder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "under-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "underveis"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "below; beneath"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nb-prep-ENKw9d8C",
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nb-prep-dmeOQM-L",
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nb-prep-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/d/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undret",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undre",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undera",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undra",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrene",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "or",
        "12": "undre",
        "13": "definite plural",
        "14": "undera",
        "15": "or",
        "16": "underne",
        "17": "or",
        "18": "undra",
        "19": "or",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "undrene",
        "3": "definite singular",
        "4": "underet",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "undret",
        "7": "indefinite plural",
        "8": "under",
        "9": "or",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n (definite singular underet or undret, indefinite plural under or undere or undre, definite plural undera or underne or undra or undrene)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "underfull"
        },
        {
          "word": "underverk"
        },
        {
          "word": "vidunder"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, marvel, miracle"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nb-noun-Tc~fVSpU",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/d/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "oppunder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "under-"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Akin to English under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "below, beneath, under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nn-prep-cu4X8Ihi",
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ],
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nn-prep-dmeOQM-L",
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉndər/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "poinni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "wonder"
      },
      "expansion": "English wonder",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”). Akin to English wonder.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undera",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "underverk"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, marvel, miracle"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-nn-noun-Tc~fVSpU",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉndər/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "poinni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "odt",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Dutch",
  "lang_code": "odt",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Dutch prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-odt-prep-12d0imA3"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Old English entries with incorrect language header",
      "parents": [
        "Entries with incorrect language header",
        "Entry maintenance"
      ],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "osx",
        "2": "undar"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon undar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *under. Compare Old Saxon undar, Old High German untar.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "ang-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old English",
  "lang_code": "ang",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "46 54",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-ang-prep-12d0imA3",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "46 54",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "among"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-ang-prep-dmwdE6Pg",
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈun.der/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: under",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: under"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmq-osw-decl-noun-a-n",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrit",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrit",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undre",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrinu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undreno",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrumin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undromen",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrsins",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undra",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undranna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "acc_pl": "under",
        "acc_sg": "under",
        "gen_sg": "unders",
        "nom_pl": "under",
        "nom_sg": "under"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-noun-a-n"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "undrin",
        "api": "undr",
        "asd": "undrit",
        "asi": "undr",
        "dpd": "undrumin,undromen",
        "dpi": "undrum,undrom",
        "dsd": "undrinu,undreno",
        "dsi": "undri,undre",
        "g": "neuter",
        "gpd": "undranna",
        "gpi": "undra",
        "gsd": "undrsins",
        "gsi": "undrs",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "undrin",
        "npi": "undr",
        "nsd": "undrit",
        "nsi": "undr",
        "stem": "strong a-stem",
        "title": "under"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrit",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrin",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrit",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrin",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undri,undre",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrinu,undreno",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrum,undrom",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrumin,undromen",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrs",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrsins",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undra",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undranna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Swedish",
  "lang_code": "gmq-osw",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "52 48",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, miracle"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-gmq-osw-noun-xSA1Pjyp",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "52 48",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonderment, awe, marvel"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-gmq-osw-noun-SxvnqtYX",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonderment",
          "wonderment"
        ],
        [
          "awe",
          "awe"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gmq-osw",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Swedish undir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Swedish undir, from Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "underskatta"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "undertag"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under; below; beneath"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-sv-prep-6PQRJGFJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ],
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "45 0 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "37 63",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Swedish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "During the lesson, they talked all the time.",
          "text": "Under lektionen pratade de hela tiden.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "during, at the same time as"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-sv-prep-1Ek4aq~6",
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɵndɛr/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Sv-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg/Sv-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gmq-osw",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Swedish under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Swedish under, from Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sv-infl-noun-n-zero",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undret",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undren",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrets",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrens",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "nouns",
        "3": "",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "sv-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "stem": "undr"
      },
      "name": "sv-infl-noun-n-zero"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "45 0 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "underbarn"
        },
        {
          "word": "vidunder"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The age of miracles isn't over.",
          "text": "Undrens tid är inte förbi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, miracle"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-sv-noun-xSA1Pjyp",
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "på under"
        },
        {
          "word": "under tiden"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɵndɛr/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Sv-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg/Sv-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*undar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *undar\nOld English: under\nMiddle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere\nOld Frisian: under\nNorth Frisian: öner\nSaterland Frisian: unner\nWest Frisian: ûnder\nOld Saxon: undar\nMiddle Low German: under, ünder, ynder\nLow German: ünner\nPlautdietsch: unja\nOld Dutch: under\nMiddle Dutch: onder\nDutch: onder\nAfrikaans: onder\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ondro\nNegerhollands: onder, ondu, undu\n→ Aukan: ondoo\nLimburgish: ónger\nOld High German: untar, undar, under\nMiddle High German: unter\nGerman: unter\nHunsrik: unne\nLuxembourgish: ënner\nYiddish: אונטער (unter)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *undar\nOld English: under\nMiddle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere\nOld Frisian: under\nNorth Frisian: öner\nSaterland Frisian: unner\nWest Frisian: ûnder\nOld Saxon: undar\nMiddle Low German: under, ünder, ynder\nLow German: ünner\nPlautdietsch: unja\nOld Dutch: under\nMiddle Dutch: onder\nDutch: onder\nAfrikaans: onder\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ondro\nNegerhollands: onder, ondu, undu\n→ Aukan: ondoo\nLimburgish: ónger\nOld High German: untar, undar, under\nMiddle High German: unter\nGerman: unter\nHunsrik: unne\nLuxembourgish: ënner\nYiddish: אונטער (unter)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "undir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: undir\nIcelandic: undir\nFaroese: undir\nNorn: onjder, onder\nNorwegian Bokmål: under\nNorwegian Nynorsk: under\nOld Swedish: undir\nSwedish: under\nDanish: under\nGutnish: undar, unda, undur",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: undir\nIcelandic: undir\nFaroese: undir\nNorn: onjder, onder\nNorwegian Bokmål: under\nNorwegian Nynorsk: under\nOld Swedish: undir\nSwedish: under\nDanish: under\nGutnish: undar, unda, undur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂 (undar)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂 (undar)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "roa-opt",
            "2": "unter",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Old Galician-Portuguese: unter",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Old Galician-Portuguese: unter"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gl",
            "2": "unter",
            "3": "ontre"
          },
          "expansion": "Galician: unter, ontre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Galician: unter, ontre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁entér",
        "4": "*h₁n̥tér",
        "5": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "īnfrā"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin īnfrā",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अध",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below",
        "tr": "adhá"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "os",
        "2": "дӕлӕ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below"
      },
      "expansion": "Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a merger of two originally distinct prepositions as a result of Verner's law: Pre-Germanic *untér and *undʰér, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”), from which also Latin inter; and *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), whence Latin īnfrā, Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”), Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition",
        "cat2": "adverbs"
      },
      "expansion": "*under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/under",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "28 27 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "35 31 34",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "among, between"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-gem-pro-prep-NP~WmJ5H",
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ],
        [
          "between",
          "between"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) among, between"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "28 27 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "35 31 34",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under, beneath (location)"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-gem-pro-prep-xFDNFR~k",
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) under, beneath (location)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "28 27 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "35 31 34",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under (direction)"
      ],
      "id": "en-under-gem-pro-prep-rGPbhLBz",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative) under (direction)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈun.der/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "under"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yue",
        "2": "en",
        "3": "underwear"
      },
      "expansion": "English underwear",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "undies"
      },
      "expansion": "undies",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From English underwear or undies.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "zh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Chinese",
  "lang_code": "zh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Cantonese lemmas",
        "Cantonese nouns",
        "Cantonese terms derived from English",
        "Chinese entries with incorrect language header",
        "Chinese lemmas",
        "Chinese nouns",
        "Chinese terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Chinese terms written in foreign scripts",
        "Hong Kong Cantonese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "underwear"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "underwear",
          "underwear"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Hong Kong Cantonese) underwear"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Jyutping"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "an¹ daa²"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Yale"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "ān dá"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Pinyin"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "an¹ daa²"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Guangdong-Romanization"
      ],
      "zh-pron": "en¹ da²"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese",
        "Sinological-IPA"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐn⁵⁵ taː³⁵/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish adverbs",
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish lemmas",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish prepositions",
    "Danish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Danish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "underneath"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "underneath",
          "underneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "below"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/on(ˀ)ər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnˀɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "u."
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish adverbs",
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish lemmas",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish prepositions",
    "Danish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Danish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under, cognate with English under, German unter.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "adverb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "da-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/on(ˀ)ər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɔnˀɐ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "u."
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish lemmas",
    "Danish neuter nouns",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish nouns",
    "Danish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Danish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "wonder"
      },
      "expansion": "English wonder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "Wunder"
      },
      "expansion": "German Wunder",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, cognate with English wonder, German Wunder.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "da-noun-infl",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underets",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undernes",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{pl-indef-2}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{com}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "singular definite",
        "4": "underet",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{sg-def-2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "plural indefinite",
        "f1accel-form": "def|s",
        "f4accel-form": "indef|p",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "under n (singular definite underet, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "da-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "e",
        "3": "ne"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n",
        "gen-pl-def": "undernes",
        "gen-pl-def-2": "",
        "gen-pl-def-3": "",
        "gen-pl-indef": "underes",
        "gen-pl-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-def": "underets",
        "gen-sg-def-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef": "unders",
        "gen-sg-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef-3": "",
        "pl-def": "underne",
        "pl-def-2": "",
        "pl-def-3": "",
        "pl-indef": "undere",
        "pl-indef-2": "",
        "pl-indef-3": "",
        "sg-def": "underet",
        "sg-def-2": "",
        "sg-indef": "under"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl-base"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "underfuld"
    },
    {
      "word": "underlig"
    },
    {
      "word": "undre"
    },
    {
      "word": "vidunder"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonder"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "marvel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "miracle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onˀər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnˀɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish clippings",
    "Danish common-gender nouns",
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish lemmas",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish nouns",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "underdel"
      },
      "expansion": "Clipping of underdel",
      "name": "clipping"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "underside",
        "notext": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "underside",
      "name": "clipping"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Clipping of underdel or underside.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underen",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "da-decl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underen",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underens",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undernes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{pl-indef-2}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{com}}}",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "singular definite",
        "4": "underen",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{sg-def-2}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "plural indefinite",
        "f1accel-form": "def|s",
        "f4accel-form": "indef|p",
        "g": "c",
        "g2": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "under c (singular definite underen, plural indefinite undere)",
      "name": "da-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "e",
        "3": "ne"
      },
      "name": "da-decl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "c",
        "gen-pl-def": "undernes",
        "gen-pl-def-2": "",
        "gen-pl-def-3": "",
        "gen-pl-indef": "underes",
        "gen-pl-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-def": "underens",
        "gen-sg-def-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef": "unders",
        "gen-sg-indef-2": "",
        "gen-sg-indef-3": "",
        "pl-def": "underne",
        "pl-def-2": "",
        "pl-def-3": "",
        "pl-indef": "undere",
        "pl-indef-2": "",
        "pl-indef-3": "",
        "sg-def": "underen",
        "sg-def-2": "",
        "sg-indef": "under"
      },
      "name": "da-noun-infl-base"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bottom (part)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
      "name": "nonlemma"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "unde"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "present tense of unde"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "unde",
          "unde#Danish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "present"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/onər/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɔnɐ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "above"
    },
    {
      "word": "over"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English locatives",
    "English nouns",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Afrikaans translations",
    "Requests for review of Albanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Arabic translations",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Dutch translations",
    "Requests for review of Icelandic translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Jingpho translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Taos translations",
    "Requests for review of Turkish translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "prepositions",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "en-prep"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "We found some shade under a tree.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "About £10,000 was stuffed under the mattress.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is nothing new under the sun.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is an oil leak under the car.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28",
          "text": "Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale.[…]Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "surmount",
          "surmount"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The crocodile lurked just under the water.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "At the bottom of or in the area covered or surmounted by.",
        "Below the surface of."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bottom",
          "bottom"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "surmount",
          "surmount"
        ],
        [
          "Below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "surface",
          "surface"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I crawled under the fence.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "There is a tunnel under the English Channel.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "From one side of to the other, passing beneath."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Interest rates are now under 1%.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "We can get there in under an hour.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Less than."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Less",
          "less"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He served in World War II under General Omar Bradley.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "During the pandemic, we had to live under severe restrictions.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "Under the law and concession agreement with other parties, the private company must pay taxes in time and on a right amount.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1987, Arthur C. Hasiotis, Jr., Soviet Political, Economic, and Military Involvement in Sinkiang from 1928 to 1949, Garland Publishing, →LCCN, →OCLC, page 62",
          "text": "There is general agreement that his military forces were organized into six divisions. They were stationed at the following places: at Ti-hua under the command of Liu Hsi-tsen, at T'a-ch'eng under Chiang Sung-lin, at Ili under Niu Shih, at A-shan under Wei Chen-kuo, at A-k'o-su under Chang Tzu-t'ing, and at Ko-shih-ko-erh (Kashgar) nominally under Tsou-ying, but in reality under Chin's brother, Chin Shu-chih.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 May 5, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 2-1 Liverpool”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "He was then denied by a magnificent tackle from captain Terry as Liverpool continued to press - but Chelsea survived as the memories of the nightmare under Villas-Boas faded even further into the background.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2011 December 14, Angelique Chrisafis, “Rachida Dati accuses French PM of sexism and elitism”, in Guardian",
          "text": "Dati launched a blistering attack on the prime minister, François Fillon, under whom she served as justice minister, accusing him of sexism, elitism, arrogance and hindering the political advancement of ethnic minorities.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Subordinate to; subject to the control of; in accordance with; in compliance with."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "File this under \"i\" for \"ignore\".",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Within the category, classification or heading of."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2011, Tom Fordyce, Rugby World Cup 2011: England 12-19 France",
          "text": "England's World Cup dreams fell apart under a French onslaught on a night when their shortcomings were brutally exposed at the quarter-final stage.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "to collapse under stress; to give in under interrogation",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In the face of; in response to (some attacking force)."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figuratively) In the face of; in response to (some attacking force)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2013, The Huffington Post, JK Rowling Pseudonym: Robert Galbraith's 'The Cuckoo's Calling' Is Actually By Harry Potter Author",
          "text": "J.K. Rowling has written a crime novel called 'The Cuckoo's Calling' under the pseudonym Robert Galbraith.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "He writes books under the name John Smith.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "She now lives under a new identity.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Using or adopting (a name, identity, etc.)."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "below"
    },
    {
      "word": "beneath"
    },
    {
      "word": "underneath"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ady",
      "lang": "Adyghe",
      "roman": "ĉʼɛğ",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "чӏэгъ"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "onder"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "në"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "nën"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "taḥta",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "تَحْتَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "arz",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "taḥt",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "tags": [
        "Egyptian-Arabic"
      ],
      "word": "تحت"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "tak",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "տակ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "nerkʿo",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ներքո"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "nerkʿewum",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ներքևում"
    },
    {
      "code": "rup",
      "lang": "Aromanian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "dighios"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "altında"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pad",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "пад"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "nice",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "নিচে"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pod",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "auk",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "အောက်"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "davall"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "chr",
      "lang": "Cherokee",
      "roman": "hawinaditlv",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ᎭᏫᎾᏗᏢ"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zài...zhīxià",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "在...之下"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "dlm",
      "lang": "Dalmatian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sote"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "under"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "onder"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "all"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "alla"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "alapuolella"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "alempana"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sous"
    },
    {
      "code": "frm",
      "lang": "Middle French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "soubs"
    },
    {
      "code": "frm",
      "lang": "Middle French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "soubtz"
    },
    {
      "code": "frm",
      "lang": "Middle French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "soubz"
    },
    {
      "code": "fro",
      "lang": "Old French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "souz"
    },
    {
      "code": "fro",
      "lang": "Old French",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fur",
      "lang": "Friulian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sot"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "kveš",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ქვეშ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "unter"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ypó",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "υπό"
    },
    {
      "alt": "+ acc.",
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "hupó",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ὑπό"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "tákhat",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "תַחַת"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "... ke nīce",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "... के नीचे"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "alatt"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "undir"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "di bawah"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "bawah"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "faoi"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sotto"
    },
    {
      "alt": "...したに",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...shita ni",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "...下に"
    },
    {
      "code": "kbd",
      "lang": "Kabardian",
      "roman": "śʼağ",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "щӏагъ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "astynda",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "астында"
    },
    {
      "code": "klj",
      "lang": "Khalaj",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "asra"
    },
    {
      "code": "klj",
      "lang": "Khalaj",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ast"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "kraom",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ក្រោម"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "kʰaaŋ kraom",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ខាងក្រោម"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "...araeeseo",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "...아래에서"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "...arae'ui",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "...아래의"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "le jêr ... da",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "لە ژێر ... دا"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "di bin ... de"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "di bin"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "astında",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "астында"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "tai",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ໃຕ້"
    },
    {
      "alt": "+ acc. or abl/",
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "zem"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "apakš"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "po"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "pod",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "di bawah"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "bawah"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "taħt"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "raro"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "dor",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "дор"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "dooš",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "доош"
    },
    {
      "code": "nap",
      "lang": "Neapolitan",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "a sotto"
    },
    {
      "code": "zdj",
      "lang": "Ngazidja Comorian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ho-ntsini mwa"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "souôs"
    },
    {
      "code": "frr",
      "lang": "North Frisian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "tags": [
        "Sylt"
      ],
      "word": "öner"
    },
    {
      "code": "se",
      "lang": "Northern Sami",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "vuolde"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "under"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "dë lânde",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "د لاندی"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "lânde",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "لاندی"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "taht",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "تحت"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "zir",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "زیر"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "debaixo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sob"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sut"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "sot"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "suot"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pod",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "níže",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ни́же"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "adha",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "अध"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "suta"
    },
    {
      "code": "stq",
      "lang": "Saterland Frisian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "unner"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "unner"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "fo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "pód"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "bajo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "debajo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "under"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "nedanför"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "nedan för"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "tahti",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "таҳти"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "dtâai",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ใต้"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "paai-dtâai",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ภายใต้"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "note": "genitive case + འོག་ལ ('og la) (as postposition)",
      "sense": "at a lower level than"
    },
    {
      "code": "txb",
      "lang": "Tocharian B",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ñor"
    },
    {
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ananit"
    },
    {
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "aninit"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "altında"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "astynda"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "aşagynda"
    },
    {
      "code": "tyv",
      "lang": "Tuvan",
      "roman": "adaanda",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "адаанда"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pid",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "під"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "astida",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ئاستىدا"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ostida"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "dưới"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "dan"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "tan"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "ûnder"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "unter",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "אונטער"
    },
    {
      "code": "yo",
      "lang": "Yoruba",
      "sense": "at a lower level than",
      "word": "lábẹ́"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "taḥta",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "تَحْتَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "tak",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "տակ"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pad",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "пад"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "davall"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "cic",
      "lang": "Chickasaw",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "nota'"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zài ... dǐxia",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "在……底下"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zài ... yǐxià",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "在……以下"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "onder"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "alla"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "sous"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "unter"
    },
    {
      "alt": "+ acc.",
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "hupó",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "ὑπό"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "... ke nīce",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "... के नीचे"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "alatt"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita ni",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "下に"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita ni",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "したに"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "...araee",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "...아래에"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "zem"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "pod",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "souôs"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "embaixo de"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "sob"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pod",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "под"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "fo"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "pód"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "bajo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "under"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "altında"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pid",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "під"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "... ke nīce",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "... کے نیچے"
    },
    {
      "code": "yo",
      "lang": "Yoruba",
      "sense": "beneath the surface of",
      "word": "lábẹ́"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "onder"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "tags": [
        "noun"
      ],
      "word": "alamainen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "sous"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "unter"
    },
    {
      "alt": "...したに",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...shita ni",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "...下に"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "souôs"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "pod"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "sob"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "fo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "subject to",
      "word": "under"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "subordinate to",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "subordinate to",
      "word": "sous"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "subordinate to",
      "word": "unter"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "subordinate to",
      "word": "bajo las órdenes de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "menys de"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "onder"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "minder dan"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "alle"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "vähemmän kuin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "moins de"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "unter"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "weniger als"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita ni",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "下に"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita ni",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "したに"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "pomalku od",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "помалку од"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "poniżej"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "mniej niż"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "menos que/de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "ménʹše",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "ме́ньше"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "níže",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "ни́же"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "less than",
      "word": "fo"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "above"
    },
    {
      "word": "over"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English locatives",
    "English nouns",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Afrikaans translations",
    "Requests for review of Albanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Arabic translations",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Dutch translations",
    "Requests for review of Icelandic translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Jingpho translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Taos translations",
    "Requests for review of Turkish translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "under (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "pulled under by the currents"
        },
        {
          "text": "weighed under by worry"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1825, Thomas Moore, The Minster Boy",
          "text": "The minstrel fell, but the foeman's chain / Could not bring his proud soul under.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In or to a lower or subordinate position, or a position beneath or below something, physically or figuratively."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "There's quite a gap, so you may be able to sneak under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "So as to pass beneath something."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The plants were underwatered."
        },
        {
          "text": "Women are under-represented."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Insufficiently."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Insufficiently",
          "insufficiently"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(usually in compounds) Insufficiently."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "in-compounds",
        "not-comparable",
        "usually"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English informal terms"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It took the hypnotist several minutes to make his subject go under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In or into an unconscious state."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "unconscious",
          "unconscious"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) In or into an unconscious state."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "below"
    },
    {
      "word": "beneath"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "sota"
    },
    {
      "code": "ce",
      "lang": "Chechen",
      "roman": "kʼel",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "кӏел"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "dessous"
    },
    {
      "code": "mba",
      "lang": "Higaonon",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "didalum"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "lent"
    },
    {
      "code": "inh",
      "lang": "Ingush",
      "roman": "kʼal",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "кӏал"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "下の"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "したの"
    },
    {
      "code": "mrw",
      "lang": "Maranao",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "didalem"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "In a way lower or less than",
      "word": "ibaba"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "huonommin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "moins"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "下の"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shita no",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "したの"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "sub"
    },
    {
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "In a way inferior to",
      "word": "ananit"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English locatives",
    "English nouns",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Afrikaans translations",
    "Requests for review of Albanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Arabic translations",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Dutch translations",
    "Requests for review of Icelandic translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Jingpho translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Taos translations",
    "Requests for review of Turkish translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "am I under arrest"
    },
    {
      "word": "Ascott-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "word": "Ashton under Hill"
    },
    {
      "word": "Ashton-under-Lyne"
    },
    {
      "word": "Barton-under-Needwood"
    },
    {
      "word": "Blymhill and Weston-under-Lizard"
    },
    {
      "word": "Boughton under Blean"
    },
    {
      "word": "bring under"
    },
    {
      "word": "brush something under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "word": "brush something under the rug"
    },
    {
      "word": "bubble under"
    },
    {
      "word": "buckle under"
    },
    {
      "word": "build a fire under"
    },
    {
      "word": "burr under one's saddle"
    },
    {
      "word": "chicken under a brick"
    },
    {
      "word": "come under"
    },
    {
      "word": "cut the ground from under someone's feet"
    },
    {
      "word": "device under test"
    },
    {
      "word": "dive-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "down under"
    },
    {
      "word": "draw a line under"
    },
    {
      "word": "drink someone under the table"
    },
    {
      "word": "drink under the table"
    },
    {
      "word": "driving under the influence"
    },
    {
      "word": "Eaton-under-Heywood"
    },
    {
      "word": "everything under the sun"
    },
    {
      "word": "fall under"
    },
    {
      "word": "flyunder"
    },
    {
      "word": "fly-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "fly under the radar"
    },
    {
      "word": "get under one's goat"
    },
    {
      "word": "get under someone's skin"
    },
    {
      "word": "go under"
    },
    {
      "word": "have had one's day under the sun"
    },
    {
      "word": "hide one's light under a bushel"
    },
    {
      "word": "Hope under Dinmore"
    },
    {
      "word": "hot under the collar"
    },
    {
      "word": "interview under caution"
    },
    {
      "word": "keep under"
    },
    {
      "word": "knock under"
    },
    {
      "word": "knuckle under"
    },
    {
      "word": "land down under"
    },
    {
      "word": "land under"
    },
    {
      "word": "let the grass grow under one's feet"
    },
    {
      "word": "light a fire under"
    },
    {
      "word": "live under a rock"
    },
    {
      "word": "look under rocks"
    },
    {
      "word": "Milton-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "word": "monster under the bed"
    },
    {
      "word": "Newcastle-under-Lyme"
    },
    {
      "word": "nothing new under the sun"
    },
    {
      "word": "one can't carry two watermelons under one arm"
    },
    {
      "word": "one under"
    },
    {
      "word": "over and under"
    },
    {
      "word": "over-and-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "over-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "pass under the yoke"
    },
    {
      "word": "patient under investigation"
    },
    {
      "word": "plough under"
    },
    {
      "word": "plow under"
    },
    {
      "word": "pop-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "Preston-under-Scar"
    },
    {
      "word": "pull the rug out from under"
    },
    {
      "word": "push under"
    },
    {
      "word": "put someone under"
    },
    {
      "word": "put under"
    },
    {
      "word": "red under the bed"
    },
    {
      "word": "sail under false colors"
    },
    {
      "word": "Shipton-under-Wychwood"
    },
    {
      "word": "Simple Simon under"
    },
    {
      "word": "sit under"
    },
    {
      "word": "six feet under"
    },
    {
      "word": "sleep under the same bridge"
    },
    {
      "word": "slip under the radar"
    },
    {
      "word": "snowed under"
    },
    {
      "word": "snow under"
    },
    {
      "word": "squeeze under"
    },
    {
      "word": "stand from under"
    },
    {
      "word": "Sutton-under-Whitestonecliffe"
    },
    {
      "word": "sweep something under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "word": "sweep something under the rug"
    },
    {
      "word": "take-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "take under"
    },
    {
      "word": "take under advisement"
    },
    {
      "word": "talk someone under the table"
    },
    {
      "word": "there is nothing new under the sun"
    },
    {
      "word": "throw under a bus"
    },
    {
      "word": "throw under the bus"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-accommodate"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-accommodated"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-accommodating"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-accommodation"
    },
    {
      "word": "underachieve"
    },
    {
      "word": "under a cloud"
    },
    {
      "word": "underage"
    },
    {
      "word": "under a lucky star"
    },
    {
      "word": "under and over"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-approximate"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-approximation"
    },
    {
      "word": "underarm"
    },
    {
      "word": "under arms"
    },
    {
      "word": "under arrest"
    },
    {
      "word": "under a spell"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-attend"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-attended"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-awed"
    },
    {
      "word": "under canvas"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-carter"
    },
    {
      "word": "under center"
    },
    {
      "word": "under clothes"
    },
    {
      "word": "under construction"
    },
    {
      "word": "under control"
    },
    {
      "word": "under correction"
    },
    {
      "word": "under cover"
    },
    {
      "word": "undercurrent"
    },
    {
      "word": "undercut"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-diversification"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-diversify"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-dose"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-educated"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-endowed"
    },
    {
      "word": "under erasure"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-extension"
    },
    {
      "word": "under fire"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-fired"
    },
    {
      "word": "under glass"
    },
    {
      "word": "underground"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-grounder"
    },
    {
      "word": "under hack"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-handed"
    },
    {
      "word": "underhanded"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-handedly"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-handedness"
    },
    {
      "word": "under hatches"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-hedging"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-kimono"
    },
    {
      "word": "underling"
    },
    {
      "word": "under lock and key"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-manager"
    },
    {
      "word": "underneath"
    },
    {
      "word": "under no circumstance"
    },
    {
      "word": "under no circumstances"
    },
    {
      "word": "under oath"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's arm"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's belt"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's breath"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's feet"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's hand"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's hat"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's own steam"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's thumb"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's very eyes"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's very nose"
    },
    {
      "word": "under one's wing"
    },
    {
      "word": "under over"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-oxygenated"
    },
    {
      "word": "under pain of"
    },
    {
      "word": "under par"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-petticoat"
    },
    {
      "word": "under protest"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-punctuation"
    },
    {
      "word": "underrate"
    },
    {
      "word": "underreport"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-represent"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-representation"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-represented"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-resourced"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-ripe"
    },
    {
      "word": "under sail"
    },
    {
      "word": "under seal"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-sergeant"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-served"
    },
    {
      "word": "under someone's nose"
    },
    {
      "word": "under someone's roof"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-spur-leather"
    },
    {
      "word": "under square"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-stander"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-steward"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-tenant"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the bootheel of"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the breath"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the carpet"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the cosh"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the counter"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-the-counter"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the covers"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the gun"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the hammer"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the hood"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the impression"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the influence"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the knife"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the lee"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the loupe"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the magnifying glass"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the microscope"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the pump"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the radar"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the rose"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the rug"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the rule"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the saya"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the stars"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the sun"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the surface"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-the-table"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the table"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the weather"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the wire"
    },
    {
      "word": "under the yoke"
    },
    {
      "word": "underthigh"
    },
    {
      "word": "under tow"
    },
    {
      "word": "undertow"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-trial"
    },
    {
      "word": "under water"
    },
    {
      "word": "underwater"
    },
    {
      "word": "under way"
    },
    {
      "word": "under weigh"
    },
    {
      "word": "underworld"
    },
    {
      "word": "under wraps"
    },
    {
      "word": "up-and-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "up and under"
    },
    {
      "word": "voice-under"
    },
    {
      "word": "water under the bridge"
    },
    {
      "word": "Weston-under-Lizard"
    },
    {
      "word": "Weston under Penyard"
    },
    {
      "word": "Weston-under-Redcastle"
    },
    {
      "word": "Wotton-under-Edge"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more under",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most under",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under (comparative more under, superlative most under)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "This treatment protects the under portion of the car from rust."
        },
        {
          "text": "(in compounds) underbelly, underside, undershirt, undersecretary"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1835, J G. Peters, A treatise on equitation, or the art of horsemanship, page 179",
          "text": "The advantages he gains are of double security to him ; first, by the support of his haunches, being at all times more under than before, he learns to be more active with his hind-quarters",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1908, Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles, The American golfer, volumes 1-2, page 10",
          "text": "If you allow the right hand to turn under more than the left, a pull will result, and if the left is more under than the right, a sliced ball will surely follow.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2009, Doris Lessing, Briefing for a Descent Into Hell, page 30",
          "text": "The waves are so steep, they crash so fast and furious I'm more under than up.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Lower; beneath something."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The army could not keep the people under.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1892, Sir George Giffard, Reminiscences of a Naval Officer, page 45",
          "text": "When ready for sea we went up to Greenhithe, that their lordships might inspect us, and then to Portsmouth, to take troops to Cork, a pleasant trip; but the troops left us a legacy of \"mahogany flats,\" with which their beds were so swarming that we never got them under.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In a state of subordination, submission or defeat."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English colloquialisms",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Medicine"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Ensure the patient is sufficiently under.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "medicine",
          "medicine"
        ],
        [
          "anesthesia",
          "anesthesia"
        ],
        [
          "general anesthesia",
          "general anesthesia"
        ],
        [
          "sedated",
          "sedated"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(medicine, colloquial) Under anesthesia, especially general anesthesia; sedated."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English informal terms"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "This chicken is a bit under. (insufficiently cooked)"
        },
        {
          "text": "This bag of apples feels under. (of insufficient weight)"
        },
        {
          "text": "My pay packet last week was £10 under. (of insufficient monetary amount)"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Insufficient or lacking in a particular respect."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) Insufficient or lacking in a particular respect."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The COVID=19 epidemic and shutdown took some businesses under."
        },
        {
          "text": "Big-box store and online retailing have driven many specialty and local retail stores under."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Down to defeat, ruin, or death."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Central Kurdish terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English locatives",
    "English nouns",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms inherited from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "English terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Afrikaans translations",
    "Requests for review of Albanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Arabic translations",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Dutch translations",
    "Requests for review of Icelandic translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Jingpho translations",
    "Requests for review of Korean translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Romanian translations",
    "Requests for review of Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Taos translations",
    "Requests for review of Turkish translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/ʌndə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "unter"
      },
      "expansion": "German unter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "onder"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch onder",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian under",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "t": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁entér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁entér (“inside”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar (“under”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अन्तर्",
        "3": "",
        "4": "within"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "infrā",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below, beneath"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin infrā (“below, beneath”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter",
        "3": "",
        "4": "between, among"
      },
      "expansion": "inter (“between, among”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English under, from Old English under, from Proto-Germanic *under (whence also German unter, Dutch onder, Danish and Norwegian under), from a merger of Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”) and *h₁entér (“inside”). Akin to Old High German untar (“under”), Sanskrit अन्तर् (antar, “within”), Latin infrā (“below, beneath”) and inter (“between, among”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under (plural unders)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "un‧der"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2008, G. Puttick, Sandy van Esch, The Principles and Practice of Auditing, page 609",
          "text": "[…] standard cash count forms used to record the count and any overs or unders.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The amount by which an actual total is less than the expected or required amount."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈɐn.də(ɹ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʌndəɹ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌn(ɾ)ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈʌɾ̃ɚ]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʊndə/",
      "tags": [
        "Northern-England"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ʌndə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg/En-us-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/En-us-under.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ŭnʹ-dər"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
        "Latin non-lemma forms",
        "Latin verb forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "undō"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "first-person singular present passive subjunctive of undō"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "undō",
          "undo#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "form-of",
        "passive",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English prepositions",
    "Middle English terms derived from Old English",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Old English",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "English: under",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: under"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "unner"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: unner",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: unner"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "unnere"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: unnere",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: unnere"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*undar"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *undar",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English under, from Proto-West Germanic *undar, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "among"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "vnder"
    },
    {
      "word": "onder"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "oppunder"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-"
    },
    {
      "word": "underveis"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "below; beneath"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/d/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "underfull"
    },
    {
      "word": "underverk"
    },
    {
      "word": "vidunder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undret",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undere",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undre",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undera",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "underne",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undra",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrene",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "10": "undere",
        "11": "or",
        "12": "undre",
        "13": "definite plural",
        "14": "undera",
        "15": "or",
        "16": "underne",
        "17": "or",
        "18": "undra",
        "19": "or",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "undrene",
        "3": "definite singular",
        "4": "underet",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "undret",
        "7": "indefinite plural",
        "8": "under",
        "9": "or",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n (definite singular underet or undret, indefinite plural under or undere or undre, definite plural undera or underne or undra or undrene)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, marvel, miracle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂nːəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉ̂ndəɾ/"
    },
    {
      "other": "/d/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "oppunder"
    },
    {
      "word": "under-"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "English under",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under. Akin to English under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "below, beneath, under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ],
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "during"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉndər/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "poinni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "underverk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "wonder"
      },
      "expansion": "English wonder",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”). Akin to English wonder.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "underet",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undera",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, marvel, miracle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈʉndər/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "poinni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "odt",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Dutch",
  "lang_code": "odt",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Dutch lemmas",
        "Old Dutch prepositions"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old English lemmas",
    "Old English prepositions",
    "Old English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "osx",
        "2": "undar"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon undar",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "untar"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German untar",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *under. Compare Old Saxon undar, Old High German untar.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "ang-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old English",
  "lang_code": "ang",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "#English"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "among"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈun.der/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Swedish a-stem nouns",
    "Old Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Swedish lemmas",
    "Old Swedish neuter nouns",
    "Old Swedish nouns",
    "Old Swedish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Old Swedish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Swedish terms inherited from Old Norse",
    "Old Swedish terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "under"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: under",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: under"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "strong",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gmq-osw-decl-noun-a-n",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrit",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrit",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undr",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undre",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrinu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undreno",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrumin",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undromen",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrsins",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undra",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undranna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmq-osw",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "acc_pl": "under",
        "acc_sg": "under",
        "gen_sg": "unders",
        "nom_pl": "under",
        "nom_sg": "under"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-noun-a-n"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "apd": "undrin",
        "api": "undr",
        "asd": "undrit",
        "asi": "undr",
        "dpd": "undrumin,undromen",
        "dpi": "undrum,undrom",
        "dsd": "undrinu,undreno",
        "dsi": "undri,undre",
        "g": "neuter",
        "gpd": "undranna",
        "gpi": "undra",
        "gsd": "undrsins",
        "gsi": "undrs",
        "notes": "",
        "npd": "undrin",
        "npi": "undr",
        "nsd": "undrit",
        "nsi": "undr",
        "stem": "strong a-stem",
        "title": "under"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-blank-full"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "nsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrit",
        "2": "nsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "npi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrin",
        "2": "npd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "asi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrit",
        "2": "asd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undr",
        "2": "api"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrin",
        "2": "apd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undri,undre",
        "2": "dsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrinu,undreno",
        "2": "dsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrum,undrom",
        "2": "dpi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrumin,undromen",
        "2": "dpd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrs",
        "2": "gsi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undrsins",
        "2": "gsd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undra",
        "2": "gpi"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "undranna",
        "2": "gpd"
      },
      "name": "gmq-osw-decl-cell"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Swedish",
  "lang_code": "gmq-osw",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, miracle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "wonderment, awe, marvel"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonderment",
          "wonderment"
        ],
        [
          "awe",
          "awe"
        ],
        [
          "marvel",
          "marvel"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*undar"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *undar\nOld English: under\nMiddle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere\nOld Frisian: under\nNorth Frisian: öner\nSaterland Frisian: unner\nWest Frisian: ûnder\nOld Saxon: undar\nMiddle Low German: under, ünder, ynder\nLow German: ünner\nPlautdietsch: unja\nOld Dutch: under\nMiddle Dutch: onder\nDutch: onder\nAfrikaans: onder\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ondro\nNegerhollands: onder, ondu, undu\n→ Aukan: ondoo\nLimburgish: ónger\nOld High German: untar, undar, under\nMiddle High German: unter\nGerman: unter\nHunsrik: unne\nLuxembourgish: ënner\nYiddish: אונטער (unter)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *undar\nOld English: under\nMiddle English: under, vnder, onder\nEnglish: under\nScots: unner\nYola: unnere\nOld Frisian: under\nNorth Frisian: öner\nSaterland Frisian: unner\nWest Frisian: ûnder\nOld Saxon: undar\nMiddle Low German: under, ünder, ynder\nLow German: ünner\nPlautdietsch: unja\nOld Dutch: under\nMiddle Dutch: onder\nDutch: onder\nAfrikaans: onder\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ondro\nNegerhollands: onder, ondu, undu\n→ Aukan: ondoo\nLimburgish: ónger\nOld High German: untar, undar, under\nMiddle High German: unter\nGerman: unter\nHunsrik: unne\nLuxembourgish: ënner\nYiddish: אונטער (unter)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "undir"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: undir\nIcelandic: undir\nFaroese: undir\nNorn: onjder, onder\nNorwegian Bokmål: under\nNorwegian Nynorsk: under\nOld Swedish: undir\nSwedish: under\nDanish: under\nGutnish: undar, unda, undur",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: undir\nIcelandic: undir\nFaroese: undir\nNorn: onjder, onder\nNorwegian Bokmål: under\nNorwegian Nynorsk: under\nOld Swedish: undir\nSwedish: under\nDanish: under\nGutnish: undar, unda, undur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂 (undar)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌿𐌽𐌳𐌰𐍂 (undar)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "roa-opt",
            "2": "unter",
            "bor": "1",
            "unc": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→? Old Galician-Portuguese: unter",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→? Old Galician-Portuguese: unter"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gl",
            "2": "unter",
            "3": "ontre"
          },
          "expansion": "Galician: unter, ontre",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Galician: unter, ontre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁entér",
        "4": "*h₁n̥tér",
        "5": "inside"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "inter"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin inter",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*h₁n̥dʰér",
        "3": "",
        "4": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "*h₁n̥dʰér (“under”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "īnfrā"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin īnfrā",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अध",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below",
        "tr": "adhá"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "os",
        "2": "дӕлӕ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "below"
      },
      "expansion": "Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From a merger of two originally distinct prepositions as a result of Verner's law: Pre-Germanic *untér and *undʰér, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥tér (“inside”), from which also Latin inter; and *h₁n̥dʰér (“under”), whence Latin īnfrā, Sanskrit अध (adhá, “below”), Ossetian дӕлӕ (dælæ, “below”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition",
        "cat2": "adverbs"
      },
      "expansion": "*under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/under",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "among, between"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "among",
          "among"
        ],
        [
          "between",
          "between"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) among, between"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under, beneath (location)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+dative) under, beneath (location)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-dative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under (direction)"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(+accusative) under (direction)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction",
        "with-accusative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈun.der/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Swedish lemmas",
    "Swedish neuter nouns",
    "Swedish nouns",
    "Swedish prepositions",
    "Swedish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Swedish terms derived from Old Swedish",
    "Swedish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Swedish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Old Norse",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Old Swedish",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Swedish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Swedish terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gmq-osw",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Swedish undir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*under"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *under",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Swedish undir, from Old Norse undir, from Proto-Germanic *under.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "under",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "underskatta"
    },
    {
      "word": "undertag"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "under; below; beneath"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "under",
          "under#English"
        ],
        [
          "below",
          "below"
        ],
        [
          "beneath",
          "beneath"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Swedish terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "During the lesson, they talked all the time.",
          "text": "Under lektionen pratade de hela tiden.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "during, at the same time as"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "during",
          "during"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɵndɛr/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Sv-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg/Sv-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Swedish lemmas",
    "Swedish neuter nouns",
    "Swedish nouns",
    "Swedish terms derived from Old Norse",
    "Swedish terms derived from Old Swedish",
    "Swedish terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Swedish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Old Norse",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Old Swedish",
    "Swedish terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Swedish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Swedish terms with audio links"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "underbarn"
    },
    {
      "word": "vidunder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gmq-osw",
        "3": "under"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Swedish under",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "undr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse undr",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*wundrą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *wundrą",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wenh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Swedish under, from Old Norse undr, from Proto-Germanic *wundrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wenh₁- (“to wish for, desire, strive for, win, love”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sv-infl-noun-n-zero",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undret",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "under",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undren",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrets",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unders",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "undrens",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "nouns",
        "3": "",
        "g": "n",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "under n",
      "name": "sv-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "stem": "undr"
      },
      "name": "sv-infl-noun-n-zero"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "på under"
    },
    {
      "word": "under tiden"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Swedish terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The age of miracles isn't over.",
          "text": "Undrens tid är inte förbi.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "wonder, miracle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wonder",
          "wonder"
        ],
        [
          "miracle",
          "miracle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɵndɛr/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Sv-under.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg/Sv-under.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3e/Sv-under.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "under"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.