"cause" meaning in English

See cause in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /kɔːz/ [Received-Pronunciation], [kʰoːz̥] [Received-Pronunciation], /kɔz/ [General-American], [kʰɒːz̥] [General-American], /ˈkɑz/ [Canada, cot-caught-merger] Audio: en-us-cause.ogg [General-American]
enPR: kôz Rhymes: -ɔːz Etymology: * From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga. * From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|cause}} Middle English cause, {{der|en|fro|cause||a cause, a thing}} Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), {{der|en|la|causa||reason, sake, cause}} Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), {{der|en|itc-pro|*kaussā}} Proto-Italic *kaussā, {{q|law}} (law), {{doublet|en|chose|t1=(law) a thing; personal property}} Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”), {{ncog|ang|intinga}} Old English intinga, {{inh|en|enm|causen}} Middle English causen, {{der|en|fro|causer}} Old French causer, {{der|en|ML.|causāre}} Medieval Latin causāre Head templates: {{head|en|conjunction}} cause
  1. Alternative form of 'cause; because Tags: alt-of, alternative Alternative form of: 'cause (extra: because) Related terms: cause célèbre
    Sense id: en-cause-en-conj-3z5AUyKr

Noun

IPA: /kɔːz/ [Received-Pronunciation], [kʰoːz̥] [Received-Pronunciation], /kɔz/ [General-American], [kʰɒːz̥] [General-American], /ˈkɑz/ [Canada, cot-caught-merger] Audio: en-us-cause.ogg [General-American] Forms: causes [plural]
enPR: kôz Rhymes: -ɔːz Etymology: * From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga. * From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|cause}} Middle English cause, {{der|en|fro|cause||a cause, a thing}} Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), {{der|en|la|causa||reason, sake, cause}} Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), {{der|en|itc-pro|*kaussā}} Proto-Italic *kaussā, {{q|law}} (law), {{doublet|en|chose|t1=(law) a thing; personal property}} Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”), {{ncog|ang|intinga}} Old English intinga, {{inh|en|enm|causen}} Middle English causen, {{der|en|fro|causer}} Old French causer, {{der|en|ML.|causāre}} Medieval Latin causāre Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} cause (countable and uncountable, plural causes)
  1. (countable, often with of, typically of adverse results) The source of, or reason for, an event or action; that which produces or effects a result. Tags: countable, often, with-of Synonyms: cause Translations (source or reason of an event or action): oorsaak (Afrikaans), αἰτία (aitía) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), سَبَب (sabab) [masculine] (Arabic), سبب (sabab) [Egyptian-Arabic, masculine] (Arabic), سبب (sábab) [South-Levantine-Arabic, masculine] (Arabic), պատճառ (patčaṙ) (Armenian), səbəb (Azerbaijani), bais (Azerbaijani), сәбәп (səbəp) (Bashkir), kausa (Basque), прычы́на (pryčýna) [feminine] (Belarusian), причи́на (pričína) [feminine] (Bulgarian), по́вод (póvod) [masculine] (Bulgarian), causa [feminine] (Catalan), 原因 (yuányīn) (Chinese Mandarin), příčina [feminine] (Czech), důvod [masculine] (Czech), årsag [common-gender] (Danish), oorzaak [feminine] (Dutch), reden [feminine] (Dutch), aanleiding [feminine] (Dutch), kaŭzo (Esperanto), alus (Estonian), ajend (Estonian), põhjus (Estonian), 𐌂𐌀𐌅𐌔𐌀 (cavsa) (Etruscan), syy (Finnish), juuri (Finnish), lähde (Finnish), cause [feminine] (French), raison [feminine] (French), causa [feminine] (Galician), მიზეზი (mizezi) (Georgian), საფუძველი (sapuʒveli) (Georgian), Ursache [feminine] (German), Anlass [masculine] (German), Grund [masculine] (German), αιτία (aitía) [feminine] (Greek), λόγος (lógos) [masculine] (Greek), lakòz (Haitian Creole), סיבה \ סִבָּה (sibá) [feminine] (Hebrew), कारण (kāraṇ) [masculine] (Hindi), ok (Hungarian), orsök [feminine] (Icelandic), kausa (Indonesian), penyebab (Indonesian), réasún [masculine] (Irish), siocair [feminine] (Irish), causa [feminine] (Italian), 原因 (gen'in) (alt: げんいん) (Japanese), ហេតុ (haet) (Khmer), uula (Kilivila), 원인 (wonin) (Korean), шылтоо (şıltoo) (Kyrgyz), causa [feminine] (Latin), ratiō [feminine] (Latin), iemesls [masculine] (Latvian), cēlonis [masculine] (Latvian), priežastis [masculine] (Lithuanian), pagrindas [masculine] (Lithuanian), Ursaach [feminine] (Luxembourgish), при́чина (príčina) [feminine] (Macedonian), sebab (Malay), pasal (Malay), whakataenga (Maori), årsak [masculine] (Norwegian), grunn [masculine] (Norwegian), causa [feminine] (Occitan), intinga [masculine] (Old English), accuis [feminine] (Old Irish), سبب (sabab) (Persian), przyczyna [feminine] (Polish), causa [feminine] (Portuguese), cauză [feminine] (Romanian), причи́на (pričína) [feminine] (Russian), основа́ние (osnovánije) [neuter] (Russian), हेतु (hetu) [masculine] (Sanskrit), adhbhar [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), ра́злог [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), у̀зрок [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), rázlog [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), ùzrok [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), causanza [feminine] (Sicilian), príčina [feminine] (Slovak), vzrok [masculine] (Slovene), razlog [masculine] (Slovene), causa [feminine] (Spanish), orsak [common-gender] (Swedish), grund [common-gender] (Swedish), сабаб (sabab) (Tajik), สาเหตุ (sǎa-hèet) (Thai), sebep (Turkish), neden (Turkish), причи́на (pryčýna) [feminine] (Ukrainian), وجہ (waja) (Urdu), سبب (sabab) (Urdu), باعث (bāis) (Urdu), سەۋەپ (sewep) (Uyghur), خۇسۇس (xusus) (Uyghur), sabab (Uzbek), nguyên nhân (Vietnamese), achos [masculine] (Welsh), oarsaak [common-gender] (West Frisian), sebeb (Zazaki), umsuka [class-3, class-4] (Zulu)
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-p8DSANEU Disambiguation of 'source or reason of an event or action': 51 32 1 3 5 7
  2. (uncountable, especially with for and a bare noun) Sufficient reason. Tags: especially, uncountable Synonyms: grounds, justification
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-J3vwHLIt
  3. (countable) A goal, aim or principle, especially one which transcends purely selfish ends. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Philanthropy Synonyms: goal Translations (goal, aim, principle): قَضِيَّة (qaḍiyya) [feminine] (Arabic), (Azerbaijani), кауза (kauza) [feminine] (Bulgarian), causa [feminine] (Catalan), sag [common-gender] (Danish), doel [neuter] (Dutch), eesmärk (Estonian), siht (Estonian), üritus (Estonian), syy (Finnish), tarkoitus (Finnish), asia (Finnish), tavoite (Finnish), cause [feminine] (French), causa [feminine] (Galician), Sache [feminine] (German), σκοπός (skopós) [masculine] (Greek), מַטָּרָה (matará) [feminine] (Hebrew), málstaður [masculine] (Icelandic), causa [feminine] (Italian), 大義 (taigi) (Japanese), causa [feminine] (Latin), causa [feminine] (Portuguese), cauză [feminine] (Romanian), де́ло (délo) [neuter] (Russian), стремление (stremlenije) [neuter] (Russian), adhbhar [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), ства̑р [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), прѝнцӣп [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), ци̑љ [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), свр̀ха [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), stvȃr [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), prìncīp [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), cȋlj [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), svr̀ha [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), stvar [feminine] (Slovene), causa [feminine] (Spanish), спра́ва (správa) [feminine] (Ukrainian), achos [masculine] (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-en:principled_goal Disambiguation of Philanthropy: 9 9 9 32 11 19 4 0 5 4 Disambiguation of 'goal, aim, principle': 3 7 71 4 9 7
  4. (obsolete) Sake; interest; advantage. Tags: countable, obsolete, uncountable
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-kh7JF1Vn
  5. (countable, obsolete) Any subject of discussion or debate; a matter; an affair. Tags: countable, obsolete
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-UlqmNVzW
  6. (countable, law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Law
    Sense id: en-cause-en-noun-QUzCTY6p Topics: law
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: basis, cause, genesis, germ [figuratively], origin, principle, reason, root [figuratively], source Hyponyms: first cause, first mover, prime mover, primum mobile, fountainhead [figuratively], mainspring [figuratively], springhead [figuratively], wellhead [figuratively], wellspring [figuratively] Related terms: effect, completion, finish, outcome, because, because of, beginning

Verb

IPA: /kɔːz/ [Received-Pronunciation], [kʰoːz̥] [Received-Pronunciation], /kɔz/ [General-American], [kʰɒːz̥] [General-American], /ˈkɑz/ [Canada, cot-caught-merger] Audio: en-us-cause.ogg [General-American] Forms: causes [present, singular, third-person], causing [participle, present], caused [participle, past], caused [past], no-table-tags [table-tags], cause [infinitive]
enPR: kôz Rhymes: -ɔːz Etymology: * From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga. * From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|cause}} Middle English cause, {{der|en|fro|cause||a cause, a thing}} Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), {{der|en|la|causa||reason, sake, cause}} Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), {{der|en|itc-pro|*kaussā}} Proto-Italic *kaussā, {{q|law}} (law), {{doublet|en|chose|t1=(law) a thing; personal property}} Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”), {{ncog|ang|intinga}} Old English intinga, {{inh|en|enm|causen}} Middle English causen, {{der|en|fro|causer}} Old French causer, {{der|en|ML.|causāre}} Medieval Latin causāre Head templates: {{en-verb}} cause (third-person singular simple present causes, present participle causing, simple past and past participle caused) Inflection templates: {{en-conj|old=1|stem=caus}}
  1. (transitive) To set off an event or action. Tags: transitive Translations (to set off an event or action): veroorsaak (Afrikaans), سَبَّبَ (sabbaba) (Arabic), պատճառել (patčaṙel) (Armenian), səbəb olmaq (Azerbaijani), əmələ gətirmək (Azerbaijani), səbəbləndirmək (Azerbaijani), doğurmaq (Azerbaijani), bais olmaq (Azerbaijani), прычыня́ць (pryčynjácʹ) [imperfective] (Belarusian), причинявам (pričinjavam) (Bulgarian), causar (Catalan), způsobit [perfective] (Czech), zapříčinit [perfective] (Czech), způsobovat [imperfective] (Czech), zapříčinovat [imperfective] (Czech), forårsage (Danish), veroorzaken (Dutch), kaŭzi (Esperanto), põhjustama (Estonian), tekitama (Estonian), aiheuttaa (Finnish), saada aikaan (Finnish), causer (French), გამოწვევა (gamoc̣veva) (Georgian), verursachen (German), auslösen (German), προκαλώ (prokaló) (Greek), גרם (garám) (Hebrew), okoz (Hungarian), előidéz (Hungarian), kivált (Hungarian), valda (Icelandic), igar (Ido), efektigar (Ido), kauzigar (Ido), menyebabkan (Indonesian), synnyttää (Ingrian), provocare (Italian), causare (Italian), 原因となる (gen'in to naru) (alt: げんいんとなる) (Japanese), 引き起こす (hikiokosu) (alt: ひきおこす) (Japanese), 일으키다 (ireukida) (Korean), efficiō (Latin), whakatae (Maori), forårsake (Norwegian Bokmål), forårsake (Norwegian Nynorsk), باعث شدن (bâ'es šodan) (Persian), powodować [imperfective] (Polish), spowodować [perfective] (Polish), causar (Portuguese), cauza (Romanian), pricinui (Romanian), причиня́ть (pričinjátʹ) (Russian), производи́ть (proizvodítʹ) (Russian), заставля́ть (zastavljátʹ) (Russian), вызыва́ть (vyzyvátʹ) (Russian), adhbharaich (Scottish Gaelic), izazvati [perfective] (Serbo-Croatian), povzročiti (Slovene), causar (Spanish), orsaka (Swedish), förorsaka (Swedish), uğratmak (Turkish), achosi (Welsh), peri (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-cause-en-verb-KhR86iGR Disambiguation of 'to set off an event or action': 93 1 6
  2. (ditransitive) To actively produce as a result, by means of force or authority. Tags: ditransitive Translations (to produce as a result): veroorsaak (Afrikaans), предизвиквам (predizvikvam) (Bulgarian), gør (Danish), resultere i (Danish), veroorzaken (Dutch), johtaa (Finnish), saada (Finnish), aiheuttaa (Finnish), causar (Galician), წარმოშობა (c̣armošoba) (Georgian), წარმოქმნა (c̣armokmna) (Georgian), lassen (German), menyebabkan (Indonesian), produrre (Italian), ottenere (Italian), creō (Latin), efficiō (Latin), póraś [imperfective] (Lower Sorbian), causar (Portuguese), fazer (Portuguese), adhbharaich (Scottish Gaelic), achosi (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-cause-en-verb-xSt1bgsx Disambiguation of 'to produce as a result': 1 71 28
  3. (obsolete) To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse. Tags: obsolete
    Sense id: en-cause-en-verb-QQDhb9PC Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English entries with topic categories using raw markup Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 1 5 4 4 2 6 18 1 19 41 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 1 5 5 4 2 7 24 1 16 35 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 2 5 7 5 2 11 17 1 16 35
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: causation, cause a stir, causer

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for cause meaning in English (50.7kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "consequence"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "effect"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "result"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "hindrance"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "impediment"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "preventer"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "prohibitor"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "because"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "by-cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "causal"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "causality"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "causative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cause and effect"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cause celebre"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "causeless"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cause of action"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cause of death"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "rhetoric"
      ],
      "word": "common cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "efficient cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "external cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "final cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "first cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ],
      "word": "for cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "formal cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "good cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hour of cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "intervening cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "just cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lost cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "make common cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "material cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "no one should be judge in his own cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "order to show cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "probable cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "proximate cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "rebel without a cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "root-cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "root cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "show cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "style of cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "subcause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "superseding cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "supervening cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "with cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "without cause"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "causes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "cause (countable and uncountable, plural causes)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "first cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "first mover"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "prime mover"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "primum mobile"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "fountainhead"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "mainspring"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "springhead"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "wellhead"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "wellspring"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "effect"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "completion"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "finish"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "outcome"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "because"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "because of"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "beginning"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "effect#Noun"
        },
        {
          "word": "cause"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "They identified a burst pipe as the cause of the flooding.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The source of, or reason for, an event or action; that which produces or effects a result."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-p8DSANEU",
      "links": [
        [
          "source",
          "source"
        ],
        [
          "reason",
          "reason"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "typically of adverse results",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, often with of, typically of adverse results) The source of, or reason for, an event or action; that which produces or effects a result."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "cause"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "often",
        "with-of"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "oorsaak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "sabab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "سَبَب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "arz",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "sabab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "Egyptian-Arabic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "سبب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ajp",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "sábab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "South-Levantine-Arabic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "سبب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "patčaṙ",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "պատճառ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "səbəb"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "bais"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "səbəp",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "сәбәп"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "kausa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pryčýna",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "прычы́на"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pričína",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "причи́на"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "póvod",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "по́вод"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "yuányīn",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "原因"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "příčina"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "důvod"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "årsag"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "oorzaak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "reden"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "aanleiding"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "kaŭzo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "alus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "ajend"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "põhjus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ett",
          "lang": "Etruscan",
          "roman": "cavsa",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "𐌂𐌀𐌅𐌔𐌀"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "syy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "juuri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "lähde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cause"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "raison"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "mizezi",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "მიზეზი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "sapuʒveli",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "საფუძველი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Ursache"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Anlass"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Grund"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "aitía",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "αιτία"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "lógos",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "λόγος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "aitía",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "αἰτία"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "lakòz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "sibá",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "סיבה \\ סִבָּה"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "kāraṇ",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "कारण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "ok"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "orsök"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "kausa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "penyebab"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "réasún"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "siocair"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sga",
          "lang": "Old Irish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "accuis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "alt": "げんいん",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "gen'in",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "原因"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "haet",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "ហេតុ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "kij",
          "lang": "Kilivila",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "uula"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "wonin",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "원인"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "şıltoo",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "шылтоо"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ratiō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "iemesls"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cēlonis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "priežastis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "pagrindas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Ursaach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "príčina",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "при́чина"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "sebab"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "pasal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "whakataenga"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "årsak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "grunn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "intinga"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "sabab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "سبب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "przyczyna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cauză"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pričína",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "причи́на"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "osnovánije",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "основа́ние"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "hetu",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "हेतु"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "adhbhar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ра́злог"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "у̀зрок"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "rázlog"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ùzrok"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causanza"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "príčina"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "vzrok"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "razlog"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "orsak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "grund"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "sabab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "сабаб"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "sǎa-hèet",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "สาเหตุ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "sebep"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "neden"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pryčýna",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "причи́на"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "waja",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "وجہ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "sabab",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "سبب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "bāis",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "باعث"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "sewep",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "سەۋەپ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "xusus",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "خۇسۇس"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "sabab"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "nguyên nhân"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "achos"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "oarsaak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "zza",
          "lang": "Zazaki",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "word": "sebeb"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "51 32 1 3 5 7",
          "code": "zu",
          "lang": "Zulu",
          "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "class-3",
            "class-4"
          ],
          "word": "umsuka"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "There is no cause for alarm.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "The end of the war was a cause for celebration.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "He has no cause to do that.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Sufficient reason."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-J3vwHLIt",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, especially with for and a bare noun) Sufficient reason."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "with for and a bare noun"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "grounds"
        },
        {
          "word": "justification"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "especially",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 9 32 11 19 4 0 5 4",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Philanthropy",
          "orig": "en:Philanthropy",
          "parents": [
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1942, Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, Howard Koch, Casablanca, spoken by Rick (Humphrey Bogart)",
          "text": "I'm not fighting for anything anymore, except myself. I'm the only cause I'm interested in.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1999, John McCain, Faith of My Fathers, New York: Random House, page 348",
          "text": "There is much to regret about America's failure in Vietnam. The reasons are etched in black marble on the Washington Mall. But we had believed the cause that America had asked us to serve in Vietnam was a worthy one, and millions who defended it had done so honorably.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Drew Karpyshyn, “Epilogue”, in Mass Effect: Ascension, Del Rey Books, page 341",
          "text": "\"I thought you were loyal to the cause, Paul.\"\n“I was,” Grayson answered. “Then I saw the kind of people who share your vision, and I had a change of heart.”",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A goal, aim or principle, especially one which transcends purely selfish ends."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-en:principled_goal",
      "links": [
        [
          "goal",
          "goal"
        ],
        [
          "aim",
          "aim"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "transcend",
          "transcend"
        ],
        [
          "selfish",
          "selfish"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A goal, aim or principle, especially one which transcends purely selfish ends."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:principled goal"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "goal"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qaḍiyya",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "قَضِيَّة"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "iş"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "kauza",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "кауза"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "sag"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "doel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "eesmärk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "siht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "üritus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "syy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "tarkoitus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "asia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "tavoite"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cause"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sache"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "skopós",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "σκοπός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "matará",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "מַטָּרָה"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "málstaður"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "taigi",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "word": "大義"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cauză"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "délo",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "де́ло"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "stremlenije",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "стремление"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "adhbhar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ства̑р"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "прѝнцӣп"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ци̑љ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "свр̀ха"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "stvȃr"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "prìncīp"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cȋlj"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "svr̀ha"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "stvar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "causa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "správa",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "спра́ва"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 7 71 4 9 7",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "achos"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Sake; interest; advantage."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-kh7JF1Vn",
      "links": [
        [
          "Sake",
          "sake"
        ],
        [
          "interest",
          "interest"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) Sake; interest; advantage."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "obsolete",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Any subject of discussion or debate; a matter; an affair."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-UlqmNVzW",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, obsolete) Any subject of discussion or debate; a matter; an affair."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Law",
          "orig": "en:Law",
          "parents": [
            "Justice",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-noun-QUzCTY6p",
      "links": [
        [
          "law",
          "law#English"
        ],
        [
          "suit",
          "suit"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "basis"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "cause"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "genesis"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "germ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "origin"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "principle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "reason"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "root"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "source"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "causation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "cause a stir"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "causer"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "causes",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "causing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "caused",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "caused",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "en-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cause",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "cause (third-person singular simple present causes, present participle causing, simple past and past participle caused)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "old": "1",
        "stem": "caus"
      },
      "name": "en-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The lightning caused thunder.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly)",
          "text": "An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic[…]real kidneys[…]. But they are nothing like as efficient, and can cause bleeding, clotting and infection—not to mention inconvenience for patients, who typically need to be hooked up to one three times a week for hours at a time.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To set off an event or action."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-verb-KhR86iGR",
      "links": [
        [
          "set off",
          "set off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To set off an event or action."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "veroorsaak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "sabbaba",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "سَبَّبَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "patčaṙel",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "պատճառել"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "səbəb olmaq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "əmələ gətirmək"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "səbəbləndirmək"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "doğurmaq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "bais olmaq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pryčynjácʹ",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "прычыня́ць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pričinjavam",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "причинявам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "causar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "způsobit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "zapříčinit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "způsobovat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "zapříčinovat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "forårsage"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "veroorzaken"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "kaŭzi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "põhjustama"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "tekitama"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "aiheuttaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "saada aikaan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "causer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "gamoc̣veva",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "გამოწვევა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "verursachen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "auslösen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "prokaló",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "προκαλώ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "garám",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "גרם"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "okoz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "előidéz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "kivált"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "valda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "igar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "efektigar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "kauzigar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "menyebabkan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "izh",
          "lang": "Ingrian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "synnyttää"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "provocare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "causare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "alt": "げんいんとなる",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "gen'in to naru",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "原因となる"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "alt": "ひきおこす",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "hikiokosu",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "引き起こす"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "ireukida",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "일으키다"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "efficiō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "whakatae"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "forårsake"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "forårsake"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "bâ'es šodan",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "باعث شدن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "powodować"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "spowodować"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "causar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "cauza"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "pricinui"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "pričinjátʹ",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "причиня́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "proizvodítʹ",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "производи́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "zastavljátʹ",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "заставля́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "vyzyvátʹ",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "вызыва́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "adhbharaich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "izazvati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "povzročiti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "causar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "orsaka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "förorsaka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "uğratmak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "achosi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "93 1 6",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "to set off an event or action",
          "word": "peri"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "His dogged determination caused the fundraising to be successful.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To actively produce as a result, by means of force or authority."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-verb-xSt1bgsx",
      "links": [
        [
          "produce",
          "produce"
        ],
        [
          "result",
          "result"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(ditransitive) To actively produce as a result, by means of force or authority."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "ditransitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "veroorsaak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "predizvikvam",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "предизвиквам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "gør"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "resultere i"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "veroorzaken"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "johtaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "saada"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "aiheuttaa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "causar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "c̣armošoba",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "წარმოშობა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "c̣armokmna",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "წარმოქმნა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "lassen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "menyebabkan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "produrre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "ottenere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "creō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "efficiō"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "causar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "fazer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "adhbharaich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "póraś"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 71 28",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "to produce as a result",
          "word": "achosi"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "1 5 4 4 2 6 18 1 19 41",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 5 5 4 2 7 24 1 16 35",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 5 7 5 2 11 17 1 16 35",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse."
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-verb-QQDhb9PC",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "cause",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "because",
          "word": "'cause"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of 'cause; because"
      ],
      "id": "en-cause-en-conj-3z5AUyKr",
      "links": [
        [
          "'cause",
          "'cause#English"
        ],
        [
          "because",
          "because"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "cause célèbre"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}
{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "consequence"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "effect"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "result"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "hindrance"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "impediment"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "preventer"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "prohibitor"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English conjunctions",
    "English control verbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Telugu translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz/1 syllable",
    "en:Philanthropy"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "because"
    },
    {
      "word": "by-cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "causal"
    },
    {
      "word": "causality"
    },
    {
      "word": "causative"
    },
    {
      "word": "cause and effect"
    },
    {
      "word": "cause celebre"
    },
    {
      "word": "causeless"
    },
    {
      "word": "cause of action"
    },
    {
      "word": "cause of death"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "rhetoric"
      ],
      "word": "common cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "efficient cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "external cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "final cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "first cause"
    },
    {
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ],
      "word": "for cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "formal cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "good cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "hour of cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "intervening cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "just cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "lost cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "make common cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "material cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "no one should be judge in his own cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "order to show cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "probable cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "proximate cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "rebel without a cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "root-cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "root cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "show cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "style of cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "subcause"
    },
    {
      "word": "superseding cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "supervening cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "with cause"
    },
    {
      "word": "without cause"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "causes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "cause (countable and uncountable, plural causes)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "first cause"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "first mover"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "prime mover"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "primum mobile"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "fountainhead"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "mainspring"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "springhead"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "wellhead"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "wellspring"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "effect"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "completion"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "finish"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "outcome"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "because"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "because of"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "beginning"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "effect#Noun"
        },
        {
          "word": "cause"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "They identified a burst pipe as the cause of the flooding.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The source of, or reason for, an event or action; that which produces or effects a result."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "source",
          "source"
        ],
        [
          "reason",
          "reason"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "typically of adverse results",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, often with of, typically of adverse results) The source of, or reason for, an event or action; that which produces or effects a result."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "cause"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "often",
        "with-of"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "There is no cause for alarm.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "The end of the war was a cause for celebration.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "He has no cause to do that.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Sufficient reason."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, especially with for and a bare noun) Sufficient reason."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "with for and a bare noun"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "grounds"
        },
        {
          "word": "justification"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "especially",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1942, Julius J. Epstein, Philip G. Epstein, Howard Koch, Casablanca, spoken by Rick (Humphrey Bogart)",
          "text": "I'm not fighting for anything anymore, except myself. I'm the only cause I'm interested in.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1999, John McCain, Faith of My Fathers, New York: Random House, page 348",
          "text": "There is much to regret about America's failure in Vietnam. The reasons are etched in black marble on the Washington Mall. But we had believed the cause that America had asked us to serve in Vietnam was a worthy one, and millions who defended it had done so honorably.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Drew Karpyshyn, “Epilogue”, in Mass Effect: Ascension, Del Rey Books, page 341",
          "text": "\"I thought you were loyal to the cause, Paul.\"\n“I was,” Grayson answered. “Then I saw the kind of people who share your vision, and I had a change of heart.”",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A goal, aim or principle, especially one which transcends purely selfish ends."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "goal",
          "goal"
        ],
        [
          "aim",
          "aim"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "transcend",
          "transcend"
        ],
        [
          "selfish",
          "selfish"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A goal, aim or principle, especially one which transcends purely selfish ends."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:principled goal"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "goal"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Sake; interest; advantage."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Sake",
          "sake"
        ],
        [
          "interest",
          "interest"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) Sake; interest; advantage."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "obsolete",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any subject of discussion or debate; a matter; an affair."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, obsolete) Any subject of discussion or debate; a matter; an affair."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "en:Law"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "law",
          "law#English"
        ],
        [
          "suit",
          "suit"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, law) A suit or action in court; any legal process by which a party endeavors to obtain his claim, or what he regards as his right; case; ground of action."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "basis"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "cause"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "genesis"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "germ"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "origin"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "principle"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "reason"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "root"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:cause",
      "word": "source"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "oorsaak"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "sabab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "سَبَب"
    },
    {
      "code": "arz",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "sabab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "Egyptian-Arabic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "سبب"
    },
    {
      "code": "ajp",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "sábab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "South-Levantine-Arabic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "سبب"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "patčaṙ",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "պատճառ"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "səbəb"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "bais"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "səbəp",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "сәбәп"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "kausa"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pryčýna",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "прычы́на"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pričína",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "причи́на"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "póvod",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "по́вод"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yuányīn",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "原因"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "příčina"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "důvod"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "årsag"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "oorzaak"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "reden"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "aanleiding"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "kaŭzo"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "alus"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "ajend"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "põhjus"
    },
    {
      "code": "ett",
      "lang": "Etruscan",
      "roman": "cavsa",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "𐌂𐌀𐌅𐌔𐌀"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "syy"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "juuri"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "lähde"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cause"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "raison"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "mizezi",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "მიზეზი"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "sapuʒveli",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "საფუძველი"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Ursache"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Anlass"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Grund"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "aitía",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "αιτία"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "lógos",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "λόγος"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "aitía",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "αἰτία"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "lakòz"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "sibá",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "סיבה \\ סִבָּה"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "kāraṇ",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "कारण"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "ok"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "orsök"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "kausa"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "penyebab"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "réasún"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "siocair"
    },
    {
      "code": "sga",
      "lang": "Old Irish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "accuis"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "alt": "げんいん",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "gen'in",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "原因"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "haet",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "ហេតុ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kij",
      "lang": "Kilivila",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "uula"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "wonin",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "원인"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "şıltoo",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "шылтоо"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ratiō"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "iemesls"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cēlonis"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "priežastis"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "pagrindas"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Ursaach"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "príčina",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "при́чина"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "sebab"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "pasal"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "whakataenga"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "årsak"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grunn"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "intinga"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "sabab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "سبب"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "przyczyna"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cauză"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pričína",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "причи́на"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "osnovánije",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "основа́ние"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "hetu",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "हेतु"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "adhbhar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ра́злог"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "у̀зрок"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "rázlog"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ùzrok"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causanza"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "príčina"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "vzrok"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "razlog"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "orsak"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grund"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "sabab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "сабаб"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "sǎa-hèet",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "สาเหตุ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "sebep"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "neden"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pryčýna",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "причи́на"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "waja",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "وجہ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "sabab",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "سبب"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "bāis",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "باعث"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "sewep",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "سەۋەپ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "xusus",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "خۇسۇس"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "sabab"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "nguyên nhân"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "achos"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "oarsaak"
    },
    {
      "code": "zza",
      "lang": "Zazaki",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "word": "sebeb"
    },
    {
      "code": "zu",
      "lang": "Zulu",
      "sense": "source or reason of an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "class-3",
        "class-4"
      ],
      "word": "umsuka"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qaḍiyya",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "قَضِيَّة"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "iş"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "kauza",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "кауза"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "sag"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "doel"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "eesmärk"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "siht"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "üritus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "syy"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "tarkoitus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "asia"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "tavoite"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cause"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sache"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "skopós",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "σκοπός"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "matará",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "מַטָּרָה"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "málstaður"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "taigi",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "word": "大義"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cauză"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "délo",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "де́ло"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "stremlenije",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "стремление"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "adhbhar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ства̑р"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "прѝнцӣп"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ци̑љ"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "свр̀ха"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "stvȃr"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "prìncīp"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cȋlj"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "svr̀ha"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "stvar"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "causa"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "správa",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "спра́ва"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "goal, aim, principle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "achos"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English conjunctions",
    "English control verbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Telugu translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz/1 syllable",
    "en:Philanthropy"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "causation"
    },
    {
      "word": "cause a stir"
    },
    {
      "word": "causer"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "causes",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "causing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "caused",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "caused",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "en-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cause",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "cause (third-person singular simple present causes, present participle causing, simple past and past participle caused)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "old": "1",
        "stem": "caus"
      },
      "name": "en-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The lightning caused thunder.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly)",
          "text": "An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic[…]real kidneys[…]. But they are nothing like as efficient, and can cause bleeding, clotting and infection—not to mention inconvenience for patients, who typically need to be hooked up to one three times a week for hours at a time.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To set off an event or action."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "set off",
          "set off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To set off an event or action."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English ditransitive verbs",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "His dogged determination caused the fundraising to be successful.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To actively produce as a result, by means of force or authority."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "produce",
          "produce"
        ],
        [
          "result",
          "result"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(ditransitive) To actively produce as a result, by means of force or authority."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "ditransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) To assign or show cause; to give a reason; to make excuse."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "veroorsaak"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "sabbaba",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "سَبَّبَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "patčaṙel",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "պատճառել"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "səbəb olmaq"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "əmələ gətirmək"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "səbəbləndirmək"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "doğurmaq"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "bais olmaq"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pryčynjácʹ",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "прычыня́ць"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pričinjavam",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "причинявам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "causar"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "způsobit"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "zapříčinit"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "způsobovat"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "zapříčinovat"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "forårsage"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "veroorzaken"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "kaŭzi"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "põhjustama"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "tekitama"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "aiheuttaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "saada aikaan"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "causer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "gamoc̣veva",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "გამოწვევა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "verursachen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "auslösen"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "prokaló",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "προκαλώ"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "garám",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "גרם"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "okoz"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "előidéz"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "kivált"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "valda"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "igar"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "efektigar"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "kauzigar"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "menyebabkan"
    },
    {
      "code": "izh",
      "lang": "Ingrian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "synnyttää"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "provocare"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "causare"
    },
    {
      "alt": "げんいんとなる",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "gen'in to naru",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "原因となる"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ひきおこす",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "hikiokosu",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "引き起こす"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "ireukida",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "일으키다"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "efficiō"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "whakatae"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "forårsake"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "forårsake"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "bâ'es šodan",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "باعث شدن"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "powodować"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "spowodować"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "causar"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "cauza"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "pricinui"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "pričinjátʹ",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "причиня́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "proizvodítʹ",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "производи́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "zastavljátʹ",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "заставля́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "vyzyvátʹ",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "вызыва́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "adhbharaich"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "izazvati"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "povzročiti"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "causar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "orsaka"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "förorsaka"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "uğratmak"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "achosi"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "to set off an event or action",
      "word": "peri"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "veroorsaak"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "predizvikvam",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "предизвиквам"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "gør"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "resultere i"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "veroorzaken"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "johtaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "saada"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "aiheuttaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "causar"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "c̣armošoba",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "წარმოშობა"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "c̣armokmna",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "წარმოქმნა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "lassen"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "menyebabkan"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "produrre"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "ottenere"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "creō"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "efficiō"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "causar"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "fazer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "adhbharaich"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "póraś"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "to produce as a result",
      "word": "achosi"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English conjunctions",
    "English control verbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Mandarin translations",
    "Requests for review of Telugu translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz",
    "Rhymes:English/ɔːz/1 syllable",
    "en:Philanthropy"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English cause",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "cause",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a cause, a thing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "causa",
        "4": "",
        "5": "reason, sake, cause"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*kaussā"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *kaussā",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "law"
      },
      "expansion": "(law)",
      "name": "q"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "chose",
        "t1": "(law) a thing; personal property"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "intinga"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English intinga",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "causen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English causen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "causer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French causer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ML.",
        "3": "causāre"
      },
      "expansion": "Medieval Latin causāre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "* From Middle English cause (also with the sense of “a thing”), borrowed from Old French cause (“a cause, a thing”), borrowed from Latin causa (“reason, sake, cause”), from Proto-Italic *kaussā, which is of unknown origin. Doublet of chose (“(law) a thing; personal property”). See accuse, excuse, recuse, ruse. Displaced native Old English intinga.\n* From Middle English causen, Old French causer and Medieval Latin causāre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "cause",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "cause célèbre"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "because",
          "word": "'cause"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of 'cause; because"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "'cause",
          "'cause#English"
        ],
        [
          "because",
          "because"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔːz/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰoːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/kɔz/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰɒːz̥]",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈkɑz/",
      "tags": [
        "Canada",
        "cot-caught-merger"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "caws"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "'cause"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "cores (non-rhotic dialects)"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːz"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-cause.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg/En-us-cause.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/74/En-us-cause.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "kôz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cause"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-25 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.