"alone" meaning in English

Adjective

Forms: more alone [comparative], most alone [superlative] IPA: /əˈləʊn/ [Received-Pronunciation], /əˈloʊn/ [General-American], /ɐˈluŋ/ [Hong-Kong] enPR: ə-lōnʹ Audio: en-us-alone.ogg [US], En-uk-alone.ogg [UK] Rhymes: -əʊn
  1. By oneself, solitary.
    Translations (by oneself): адзі́н (adzín) (Belarusian), kéŋ·e-t·i- (Central Sierra Miwok), ᎤᏩᏌ (uwasa) (Cherokee), yksinään [adverb] (Finnish), yksinäinen (Finnish), (Galician), eläi [Alemannic-German] (German), μόνος (mónos) [Ancient] (Greek), sendiri (Indonesian), sendirian (Indonesian), aonraic (Irish), sōlus (Latin), ഒറ്റക്ക് (oṟṟakkŭ) (Malayalam), ānlīpiġ (Old English), сам (sam) (Russian), a solas (Spanish), ꠄꠇꠟꠣ (exola) (Sylheti) Disambiguation of 'by oneself': 96 1 2 1 0
  2. Lacking peers who share one's beliefs, practices, etc. Tags: chiefly, in the negative, predicative
    Categories (other): English negative polarity items
  3. Apart from, or exclusive of, others. Tags: obsolete
  4. Mere; consisting of nothing further. Tags: obsolete
  5. Unique; rare; matchless. Tags: obsolete
    Translations (unique): sol (Catalan), únic (Catalan), ainutlaatuinen (Finnish), único (Galician), მარტო (marṭo) (Georgian), μοναδικός (monadikós) (Greek), da solo (Italian), solo (Italian), único (Portuguese), sapa (Quechua), paylla (Quechua), са̑м [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), sȃm [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), allena (Swedish) Disambiguation of 'unique': 7 3 1 1 88
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Translations (by oneself): сам (sam) (Belarusian), сам (sam) (Bulgarian), sol (Catalan), allein (German), egyedül (Hungarian), оди́н (odín) (Russian), sám (Slovak), solo (Spanish), ensam (Swedish), сам (sam) (Ukrainian), оди́н (odýn) (Ukrainian) Disambiguation of 'by oneself': 45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1

Adverb

IPA: /əˈləʊn/ [Received-Pronunciation], /əˈloʊn/ [General-American], /ɐˈluŋ/ [Hong-Kong] enPR: ə-lōnʹ Audio: en-us-alone.ogg [US], En-uk-alone.ogg [UK] Rhymes: -əʊn
  1. By oneself; apart from, or exclusive of, others; solo. Tags: not-comparable
    Synonyms: by one's lonesome, solitarily, solo, solitarily Translations (by oneself): (note: 1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz) (American Sign Language), وَحِيد‎ (waḥīd) (Arabic), مُنْفَرِد‎ (munfarid) (Arabic), մենակ (menak) (Armenian), singur (Aromanian), অকলে (okole) (Assamese), bakarrik (Basque), 單獨 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 单独 (dāndú) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 獨自 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 独自 (dúzì) [Mandarin] (Chinese), sám (Czech), sanglo (Dalmatian), alleen (Dutch), sole (Esperanto), üksi (Estonian), üksinda (Estonian), taudua (Fijian), yksin (Finnish), yksinään (Finnish), yksikseen (Finnish), itsekseen (Finnish), seul (French), sôl (Friulian), bessôl (Friulian), მარტო (marṭo) (Georgian), მარტოხელა (marṭoxela) (Georgian), ეული (euli) (Georgian), einsam (German), allei [Alemannic-German] (German), μόνος (mónos) (Greek), לְבַד‎ (levád) (Hebrew), अकेला (akelā) (Hindi), egymagában (Hungarian), ein (Icelandic), solo (Italian), da solo (Italian), 一人 (hitori) (alt: ひとり) (Japanese), 単独 (dandoku) (alt: たんどく) (Japanese), жалғыз (jalğız) (Kazakh), 홀로 (hollo) (Korean), ດຽວ (diāu) (Lao), solus (Latin), tikai (Latvian), viens pats (Latvian), ikšiggiņ (Livonian), eleng (Luxembourgish), сам (sam) (Macedonian), bersendirian (Malay), waħdi (Maltese), tōtahi (Maori), alene (Norwegian), sol (Occitan), āins (Old Prussian), ଏକା (eka) (Oriya), تنهایی‎ (tanhâyi) (Persian), تنها‎ (tanhâ) (Persian), یکه‎ (yekke) (Persian), auleen (Plautdietsch), samotnie (Polish), sozinho (Portuguese), singur (Romanian), sulet (Romansch), persul (Romansch), parsul (Romansch), одино́кий (odinókij) (Russian), एकाकी (ekākī) (Sanskrit), solu (Sardinian), sou (Sardinian), alane (Scots), са̑м [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), sȃm [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), sulu (Sicilian), osamote (Slovak), allena [dated] (Swedish), เดียว (diao) (Thai), yalnız (Turkish), tek (Turkish), اکیلا‎ (akelā) (Urdu), một mình (Vietnamese), unig (Welsh), teyna (Zazaki), tenya (Zazaki), ʻáa (ǃXóõ) Disambiguation of 'by oneself': 71 26 1 1 1
  2. Without outside help. Tags: not-comparable
    Synonyms: by oneself, by one's lonesome, singlehandedly, by oneself Translations (without outside help): (note: 1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz) (American Sign Language), bakarrik (Basque), сам (sam) (Belarusian), сам (sam) (Bulgarian), самостоятелен (samostojatelen) (Bulgarian), sol (Catalan), tot sol (Catalan), alleen (Dutch), ise (Estonian), yksin (Finnish), yksinään (Finnish), itsekseen (Finnish), დაუხმარებლად (dauxmareblad) (Georgian), მარტომ (marṭom) (Georgian), selbst (German), μόνος (mónos) (Greek), egyedül (Hungarian), alene (Norwegian), samodzielnie (Polish), sozinho (Portuguese), сам (sam) (Russian), оди́н (odín) (Russian), самостоя́тельно (samostojátelʹno) (Russian), без посторо́нней по́мощи (bez postorónnej pómošči) (Russian), в одино́чку (v odinóčku) (Russian), samostatne (Slovak), solo (Spanish), själv (Swedish), сам (sam) (Ukrainian), một mình (Vietnamese) Disambiguation of 'without outside help': 3 91 2 2 2
  3. Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.
    Not permitting anything further; exclusively.
    Tags: not-comparable
  4. Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.
    Not requiring anything further; merely
    Tags: not-comparable
    Translations (only): (note: 1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz) (American Sign Language), bakarrik (Basque), само (samo) (Bulgarian), единствено (edinstveno) (Bulgarian), sol (Catalan), només (Catalan), ainult (Estonian), üksi (Estonian), duadua (Fijian), yksin (Finnish), ainoastaan (Finnish), მხოლოდ (mxolod) (Georgian), nur (German), ausschließlich (German), allein (German), μόνο (móno) [neuter] (Greek), egyedül (Hungarian), csakis (Hungarian), kizárólag (Hungarian), csupán (Hungarian), solo (Italian), soltanto (Italian), solamente (Italian), bare (Norwegian), kun (Norwegian), alene (Norwegian), (Portuguese), singur (Romanian), оди́н (odín) (Russian), то́лько (tólʹko) (Russian), jedine (Slovak), výlučne (Slovak), bara (Swedish), enbart (Swedish), endast (Swedish), chỉ (Vietnamese), thôi (Vietnamese) Disambiguation of 'only': 23 10 10 50 6
  5. Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.
    Used to emphasize the size or extent of something by selecting a subset.
    Tags: broadly, not-comparable
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Translations (by oneself): сам (sam) (Belarusian), сам (sam) (Bulgarian), sol (Catalan), allein (German), egyedül (Hungarian), оди́н (odín) (Russian), sám (Slovak), solo (Spanish), ensam (Swedish), сам (sam) (Ukrainian), оди́н (odýn) (Ukrainian) Disambiguation of 'by oneself': 45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1

Download JSON data for alone meaning in English (38.0kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "allone"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English allone",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "oon",
        "lit": "all one",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "oon (“alone”, literally “all one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall"
      },
      "expansion": "eall",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ān",
        "t": "entirely alone, solitary, single"
      },
      "expansion": "ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "al",
        "3": "one",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "al- (“all”) +‎ one",
      "name": "prefix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "alane",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots alane (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "alleene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "allinne",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian allinne (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Low German alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "allein",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "German allein (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "allena",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish allena (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English allone, from earlier all oon (“alone”, literally “all one”), contracted from the Old English phrase eall ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”), equivalent to al- (“all”) +‎ one. Cognate with Scots alane (“alone”), Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”), West Frisian allinne (“alone”), Dutch alleen (“alone”), Low German alleen (“alone”), German allein (“alone”), Danish alene (“alone”), Swedish allena (“alone”). More at all and one. Regarding the different phonological development of alone and one, see the note in one.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more alone",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most alone",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "alone (comparative more alone, superlative most alone)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I can't ask for help because I am alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1611, King James Version, Genesis ii. 18",
          "text": "It is not good that the man should be alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1798, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner",
          "text": "Alone on a wide, wide sea."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "By oneself, solitary."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adj-M8Ywp6RN",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "adzín",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "адзі́н"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "csm",
          "lang": "Central Sierra Miwok",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "kéŋ·e-t·i-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "chr",
          "lang": "Cherokee",
          "roman": "uwasa",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ᎤᏩᏌ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "adverb"
          ],
          "word": "yksinään"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "yksinäinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "só"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "gsw",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Alemannic-German"
          ],
          "word": "eläi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "mónos",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient"
          ],
          "word": "μόνος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sendiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sendirian"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "aonraic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sōlus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "oṟṟakkŭ",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ഒറ്റക്ക്"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ānlīpiġ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "a solas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "96 1 2 1 0",
          "code": "syl",
          "lang": "Sylheti",
          "roman": "exola",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ꠄꠇꠟꠣ"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English negative polarity items",
          "parents": [
            "Negative polarity items",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Senator Craddock wants to abolish the estate tax, and she's not alone."
        },
        {
          "text": "I always organize my Halloween candy before eating it. Am I alone in this?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013-08-23, Ian Traynor, “Rise of Europe's new autocrats”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 11, page 1",
          "text": "Hungary's leader is not alone in eastern and southern Europe, where democratically elected populist strongmen increasingly dominate, deploying the power of the state and a battery of instruments of intimidation to crush dissent, demonise opposition, tame the media and tailor the system to their ends."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Lacking peers who share one's beliefs, practices, etc."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adj-UJ.rZCns",
      "tags": [
        "chiefly",
        "in the negative",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1662, Jacques Olivier, Richard Banke, transl., A Discourse of Women, Shewing Their Imperfections Alphabetically, OCLC 14507264, page 18",
          "text": "There are proofs enough in History, and first that beautiful Hynes, so much beloved by Charles the seventh King of France, who valued the alone possession of her Love at so high a rate, that[ … ]"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1692, Richard Bentley, [A Confutation of Atheism], London: [Thomas Parkhurst; Henry Mortlock], published 1692–1693",
          "text": "God, [ … ] by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move, and have our being."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Apart from, or exclusive of, others."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adj-NsBGawMc",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "1676, Robert Barclay, An Apology for the True Christian Divinity[ … ]‎: and therefore all Killing, Banishing, Fining, Imprisoning, and other such things, which Men are afflicted with, for the alone exercise of their Conscience, or difference in Worship or Opinion, proceedeth from the spirit of Cain, the Murderer, and is contrary to the Truth;"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Mere; consisting of nothing further."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adj-67hITLlF",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "c. 1589–1593, Shakespeare, William, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, act 2, scene 4, lines 163–165",
          "text": "Pardon me, Proteus, all I can is nothing / To her, whose worth makes other worthies nothing; / She is alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Unique; rare; matchless."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adj-7ltUUnJa",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "sol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "únic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "ainutlaatuinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "único"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "marṭo",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "მარტო"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "monadikós",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "μοναδικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "da solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "único"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "sapa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "paylla"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "unique",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "са̑м"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "unique",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "sȃm"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 3 1 1 88",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "unique",
          "word": "allena"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈləʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈloʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐˈluŋ/",
      "tags": [
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊn"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg/En-us-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg/En-uk-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ə-lōnʹ"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "allein"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sám"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ensam"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "odýn",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "alone"
  ],
  "word": "alone"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "allone"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English allone",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "oon",
        "lit": "all one",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "oon (“alone”, literally “all one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall"
      },
      "expansion": "eall",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ān",
        "t": "entirely alone, solitary, single"
      },
      "expansion": "ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "al",
        "3": "one",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "al- (“all”) +‎ one",
      "name": "prefix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "alane",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots alane (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "alleene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "allinne",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian allinne (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Low German alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "allein",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "German allein (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "allena",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish allena (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English allone, from earlier all oon (“alone”, literally “all one”), contracted from the Old English phrase eall ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”), equivalent to al- (“all”) +‎ one. Cognate with Scots alane (“alone”), Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”), West Frisian allinne (“alone”), Dutch alleen (“alone”), Low German alleen (“alone”), German allein (“alone”), Danish alene (“alone”), Swedish allena (“alone”). More at all and one. Regarding the different phonological development of alone and one, see the note in one.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "alone (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "She walked home alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "By oneself; apart from, or exclusive of, others; solo."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adv-1eM71jnJ",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "by one's lonesome"
        },
        {
          "word": "solitarily"
        },
        {
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "word": "solitarily"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ase",
          "lang": "American Sign Language",
          "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
          "sense": "by oneself"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "waḥīd",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "وَحِيد‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "munfarid",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "مُنْفَرِد‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "menak",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "մենակ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "rup",
          "lang": "Aromanian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "singur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "as",
          "lang": "Assamese",
          "roman": "okole",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "অকলে"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "bakarrik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "單獨"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "dāndú",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "单独"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "獨自"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "dúzì",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "独自"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sám"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "dlm",
          "lang": "Dalmatian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sanglo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "alleen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sole"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "üksi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "üksinda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fj",
          "lang": "Fijian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "taudua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "yksin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "yksinään"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "yksikseen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "itsekseen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "seul"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fur",
          "lang": "Friulian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sôl"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fur",
          "lang": "Friulian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "bessôl"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "marṭo",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "მარტო"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "marṭoxela",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "მარტოხელა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "euli",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ეული"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "einsam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "gsw",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Alemannic-German"
          ],
          "word": "allei"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "mónos",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "μόνος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "levád",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "לְבַד‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "akelā",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "अकेला"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "egymagában"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ein"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "da solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "alt": "ひとり",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "hitori",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "一人"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "alt": "たんどく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "dandoku",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "単独"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "jalğız",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "жалғыз"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "hollo",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "홀로"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "diāu",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ດຽວ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "solus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "tikai"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "viens pats"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "liv",
          "lang": "Livonian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ikšiggiņ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "eleng"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "bersendirian"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "waħdi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "tōtahi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "alene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "prg",
          "lang": "Old Prussian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "āins"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "or",
          "lang": "Oriya",
          "roman": "eka",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ଏକା"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "tanhâyi",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "تنهایی‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "tanhâ",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "تنها‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "yekke",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "یکه‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "pdt",
          "lang": "Plautdietsch",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "auleen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "samotnie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sozinho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "singur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sulet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "persul"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "parsul"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "odinókij",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "одино́кий"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "ekākī",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "एकाकी"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "solu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sou"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "alane"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "са̑м"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "sȃm"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "sulu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "osamote"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "tags": [
            "dated"
          ],
          "word": "allena"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "diao",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "เดียว"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "yalnız"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "tek"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "akelā",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "اکیلا‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "một mình"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "unig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "zza",
          "lang": "Zazaki",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "teyna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "zza",
          "lang": "Zazaki",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "tenya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "71 26 1 1 1",
          "code": "nmn",
          "lang": "ǃXóõ",
          "sense": "by oneself",
          "word": "ʻáa"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The job was too hard for me to do alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Without outside help."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adv--JT3LxcG",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "by oneself"
        },
        {
          "word": "by one's lonesome"
        },
        {
          "word": "singlehandedly"
        },
        {
          "word": "by oneself"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ase",
          "lang": "American Sign Language",
          "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
          "sense": "without outside help"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "bakarrik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "samostojatelen",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "самостоятелен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "sol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "tot sol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "alleen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "ise"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "yksin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "yksinään"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "itsekseen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "dauxmareblad",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "დაუხმარებლად"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "marṭom",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "მარტომ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "selbst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "mónos",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "μόνος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "egyedül"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "alene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "samodzielnie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "sozinho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "odín",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "оди́н"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "samostojátelʹno",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "самостоя́тельно"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "bez postorónnej pómošči",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "без посторо́нней по́мощи"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "v odinóčku",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "в одино́чку"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "samostatne"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "själv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "sam",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "сам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 91 2 2 2",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "without outside help",
          "word": "một mình"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The president alone has the power to initiate a nuclear launch."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1788, James Madison, Federalist No. 46‎^(https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Federalist_(Dawson)/45)",
          "text": "They must be told, that the ultimate authority, wherever the derivative may be found, resides in the People alone;"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Not permitting anything further; exclusively."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adv-WKQXZrkH",
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Oral antibiotics alone won't clear the infection."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1871, John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy‎^(https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Principles_of_Political_Economy_(Mill),_vol._1)",
          "text": "Except on matters of mere detail, there are perhaps no practical questions, even among those which approach nearest to the character of purely economical questions, which admit of being decided on economical premises alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1903, Arthur M. Winfield, The Rover Boys on Land and Sea‎",
          "text": "In writing this tale I had in mind not alone to please my young readers, but also to give them a fair picture of life on the ocean as it is to-day,"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Not requiring anything further; merely"
      ],
      "id": "alone-adv-rNgTy5UN",
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ase",
          "lang": "American Sign Language",
          "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
          "sense": "only"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "bakarrik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "samo",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "само"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "edinstveno",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "единствено"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "sol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "només"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "ainult"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "üksi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "fj",
          "lang": "Fijian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "duadua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "yksin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "ainoastaan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "mxolod",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "მხოლოდ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "nur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "ausschließlich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "allein"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "móno",
          "sense": "only",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "μόνο"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "egyedül"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "csakis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "kizárólag"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "csupán"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "soltanto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "solamente"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "bare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "kun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "alene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "só"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "singur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "odín",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "оди́н"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "tólʹko",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "то́лько"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "jedine"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "výlučne"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "bara"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "enbart"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "endast"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "chỉ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "23 10 10 50 6",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "only",
          "word": "thôi"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Her wardrobe is huge. She has three racks for blazers alone."
        },
        {
          "text": "The first sentence alone sold me on the book."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1897, The Romance of Isabel, Lady Burton‎",
          "text": "In the first place, though Lady Burton published comparatively little, she was a voluminous writer, and she left behind her such a mass of letters and manuscripts that the sorting of them alone was a formidable task."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314",
          "text": "[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013-05-25, “No hiding place”, in The Economist‎, volume 407, number 8837, page 74",
          "text": "In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Used to emphasize the size or extent of something by selecting a subset."
      ],
      "id": "alone-adv-k8HhmhWh",
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈləʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈloʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐˈluŋ/",
      "tags": [
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊn"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg/En-us-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg/En-uk-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ə-lōnʹ"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "allein"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sám"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ensam"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "45 0 1 0 0 38 14 1 1 1",
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "odýn",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "alone"
  ],
  "word": "alone"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English focus adverbs",
    "English lemmas",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Danish translations",
    "Requests for review of Haitian Creole translations",
    "Requests for review of Hebrew translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Maltese translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Telugu translations",
    "Rhymes:English/əʊn"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "alonely"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "allone"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English allone",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "oon",
        "lit": "all one",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "oon (“alone”, literally “all one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall"
      },
      "expansion": "eall",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ān",
        "t": "entirely alone, solitary, single"
      },
      "expansion": "ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "al",
        "3": "one",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "al- (“all”) +‎ one",
      "name": "prefix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "alane",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots alane (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "alleene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "allinne",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian allinne (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Low German alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "allein",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "German allein (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "allena",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish allena (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English allone, from earlier all oon (“alone”, literally “all one”), contracted from the Old English phrase eall ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”), equivalent to al- (“all”) +‎ one. Cognate with Scots alane (“alone”), Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”), West Frisian allinne (“alone”), Dutch alleen (“alone”), Low German alleen (“alone”), German allein (“alone”), Danish alene (“alone”), Swedish allena (“alone”). More at all and one. Regarding the different phonological development of alone and one, see the note in one.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more alone",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most alone",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "alone (comparative more alone, superlative most alone)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "I can't ask for help because I am alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1611, King James Version, Genesis ii. 18",
          "text": "It is not good that the man should be alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1798, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner",
          "text": "Alone on a wide, wide sea."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "By oneself, solitary."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English negative polarity items",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Senator Craddock wants to abolish the estate tax, and she's not alone."
        },
        {
          "text": "I always organize my Halloween candy before eating it. Am I alone in this?"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013-08-23, Ian Traynor, “Rise of Europe's new autocrats”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 11, page 1",
          "text": "Hungary's leader is not alone in eastern and southern Europe, where democratically elected populist strongmen increasingly dominate, deploying the power of the state and a battery of instruments of intimidation to crush dissent, demonise opposition, tame the media and tailor the system to their ends."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Lacking peers who share one's beliefs, practices, etc."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "chiefly",
        "in the negative",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1662, Jacques Olivier, Richard Banke, transl., A Discourse of Women, Shewing Their Imperfections Alphabetically, OCLC 14507264, page 18",
          "text": "There are proofs enough in History, and first that beautiful Hynes, so much beloved by Charles the seventh King of France, who valued the alone possession of her Love at so high a rate, that[ … ]"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1692, Richard Bentley, [A Confutation of Atheism], London: [Thomas Parkhurst; Henry Mortlock], published 1692–1693",
          "text": "God, [ … ] by whose alone power and conversation we all live, and move, and have our being."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Apart from, or exclusive of, others."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "1676, Robert Barclay, An Apology for the True Christian Divinity[ … ]‎: and therefore all Killing, Banishing, Fining, Imprisoning, and other such things, which Men are afflicted with, for the alone exercise of their Conscience, or difference in Worship or Opinion, proceedeth from the spirit of Cain, the Murderer, and is contrary to the Truth;"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Mere; consisting of nothing further."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "c. 1589–1593, Shakespeare, William, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, act 2, scene 4, lines 163–165",
          "text": "Pardon me, Proteus, all I can is nothing / To her, whose worth makes other worthies nothing; / She is alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Unique; rare; matchless."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈləʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈloʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐˈluŋ/",
      "tags": [
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊn"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg/En-us-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg/En-uk-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ə-lōnʹ"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "adzín",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "адзі́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "csm",
      "lang": "Central Sierra Miwok",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "kéŋ·e-t·i-"
    },
    {
      "code": "chr",
      "lang": "Cherokee",
      "roman": "uwasa",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ᎤᏩᏌ"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "adverb"
      ],
      "word": "yksinään"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "yksinäinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "só"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "allein"
    },
    {
      "code": "gsw",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Alemannic-German"
      ],
      "word": "eläi"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "mónos",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient"
      ],
      "word": "μόνος"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sendiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sendirian"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "aonraic"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sōlus"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "oṟṟakkŭ",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ഒറ്റക്ക്"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ānlīpiġ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sám"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "a solas"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ensam"
    },
    {
      "code": "syl",
      "lang": "Sylheti",
      "roman": "exola",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ꠄꠇꠟꠣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "odýn",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "únic"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "ainutlaatuinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "único"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "marṭo",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "მარტო"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "monadikós",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "μοναδικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "da solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "único"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "sapa"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "paylla"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "unique",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "са̑м"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "unique",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "sȃm"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "unique",
      "word": "allena"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "alone"
  ],
  "word": "alone"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English adverbs",
    "English focus adverbs",
    "English lemmas",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adverbs",
    "Requests for review of Central Kurdish translations",
    "Requests for review of Danish translations",
    "Requests for review of Haitian Creole translations",
    "Requests for review of Hebrew translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Maltese translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Slovene translations",
    "Requests for review of Telugu translations",
    "Rhymes:English/əʊn"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "leave alone"
    },
    {
      "word": "let alone"
    },
    {
      "word": "stand-alone"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "allone"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English allone",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "oon",
        "lit": "all one",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "oon (“alone”, literally “all one”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall"
      },
      "expansion": "eall",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ān",
        "t": "entirely alone, solitary, single"
      },
      "expansion": "ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "al",
        "3": "one",
        "nocat": "1",
        "t1": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "al- (“all”) +‎ one",
      "name": "prefix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "alane",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Scots alane (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "alleene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fy",
        "2": "allinne",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "West Frisian allinne (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds",
        "2": "alleen",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Low German alleen (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "allein",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "German allein (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alene",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alene (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "allena",
        "t": "alone"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish allena (“alone”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "all"
      },
      "expansion": "all",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "one"
      },
      "expansion": "one",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English allone, from earlier all oon (“alone”, literally “all one”), contracted from the Old English phrase eall ān (“entirely alone, solitary, single”), equivalent to al- (“all”) +‎ one. Cognate with Scots alane (“alone”), Saterland Frisian alleene (“alone”), West Frisian allinne (“alone”), Dutch alleen (“alone”), Low German alleen (“alone”), German allein (“alone”), Danish alene (“alone”), Swedish allena (“alone”). More at all and one. Regarding the different phonological development of alone and one, see the note in one.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "alone (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "She walked home alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "By oneself; apart from, or exclusive of, others; solo."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "by one's lonesome"
        },
        {
          "word": "solitarily"
        },
        {
          "word": "solo"
        },
        {
          "word": "solitarily"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The job was too hard for me to do alone."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Without outside help."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "by oneself"
        },
        {
          "word": "by one's lonesome"
        },
        {
          "word": "singlehandedly"
        },
        {
          "word": "by oneself"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English focus adverbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The president alone has the power to initiate a nuclear launch."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1788, James Madison, Federalist No. 46‎^(https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Federalist_(Dawson)/45)",
          "text": "They must be told, that the ultimate authority, wherever the derivative may be found, resides in the People alone;"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Not permitting anything further; exclusively."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English focus adverbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Oral antibiotics alone won't clear the infection."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1871, John Stuart Mill, Principles of Political Economy‎^(https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Principles_of_Political_Economy_(Mill),_vol._1)",
          "text": "Except on matters of mere detail, there are perhaps no practical questions, even among those which approach nearest to the character of purely economical questions, which admit of being decided on economical premises alone."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1903, Arthur M. Winfield, The Rover Boys on Land and Sea‎",
          "text": "In writing this tale I had in mind not alone to please my young readers, but also to give them a fair picture of life on the ocean as it is to-day,"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Not requiring anything further; merely"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English focus adverbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Her wardrobe is huge. She has three racks for blazers alone."
        },
        {
          "text": "The first sentence alone sold me on the book."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1897, The Romance of Isabel, Lady Burton‎",
          "text": "In the first place, though Lady Burton published comparatively little, she was a voluminous writer, and she left behind her such a mass of letters and manuscripts that the sorting of them alone was a formidable task."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1910, Emerson Hough, chapter I, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314",
          "text": "[…] it is not fair of you to bring against mankind double weapons ! Dangerous enough you are as woman alone, without bringing to your aid those gifts of mind suited to problems which men have been accustomed to arrogate to themselves."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013-05-25, “No hiding place”, in The Economist‎, volume 407, number 8837, page 74",
          "text": "In America alone, people spent $170 billion on “direct marketing”—junk mail of both the physical and electronic varieties—last year. Yet of those who received unsolicited adverts through the post, only 3% bought anything as a result."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Focus adverb, typically modifying a noun and occurring immediately after it.",
        "Used to emphasize the size or extent of something by selecting a subset."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈləʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈloʊn/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐˈluŋ/",
      "tags": [
        "Hong-Kong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊn"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg/En-us-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/47/En-us-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg/En-uk-alone.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6b/En-uk-alone.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (UK)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ə-lōnʹ"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ase",
      "lang": "American Sign Language",
      "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
      "sense": "by oneself"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "waḥīd",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "وَحِيد‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "munfarid",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "مُنْفَرِد‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "menak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "մենակ"
    },
    {
      "code": "rup",
      "lang": "Aromanian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "singur"
    },
    {
      "code": "as",
      "lang": "Assamese",
      "roman": "okole",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "অকলে"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "bakarrik"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "單獨"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "dāndú",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "单独"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "獨自"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "dúzì",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "独自"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sám"
    },
    {
      "code": "dlm",
      "lang": "Dalmatian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sanglo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "alleen"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sole"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "üksi"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "üksinda"
    },
    {
      "code": "fj",
      "lang": "Fijian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "taudua"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "yksin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "yksinään"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "yksikseen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "itsekseen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "seul"
    },
    {
      "code": "fur",
      "lang": "Friulian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sôl"
    },
    {
      "code": "fur",
      "lang": "Friulian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "bessôl"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "marṭo",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "მარტო"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "marṭoxela",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "მარტოხელა"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "euli",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ეული"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "allein"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "einsam"
    },
    {
      "code": "gsw",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Alemannic-German"
      ],
      "word": "allei"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "mónos",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "μόνος"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "levád",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "לְבַד‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "akelā",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "अकेला"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "egymagában"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ein"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "da solo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ひとり",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "hitori",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "一人"
    },
    {
      "alt": "たんどく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "dandoku",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "単独"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "jalğız",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "жалғыз"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "hollo",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "홀로"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "diāu",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ດຽວ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "tikai"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "viens pats"
    },
    {
      "code": "liv",
      "lang": "Livonian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ikšiggiņ"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "eleng"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "bersendirian"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "waħdi"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "tōtahi"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "alene"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "prg",
      "lang": "Old Prussian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "āins"
    },
    {
      "code": "or",
      "lang": "Oriya",
      "roman": "eka",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ଏକା"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "tanhâyi",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "تنهایی‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "tanhâ",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "تنها‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "yekke",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "یکه‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdt",
      "lang": "Plautdietsch",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "auleen"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "samotnie"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sozinho"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "singur"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sulet"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "persul"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "parsul"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odinókij",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "одино́кий"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "ekākī",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "एकाकी"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solu"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sou"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "alane"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "са̑м"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "sȃm"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sulu"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "sám"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "osamote"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ensam"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "allena"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "diao",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "เดียว"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "yalnız"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "tek"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "odýn",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "akelā",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "اکیلا‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "một mình"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "unig"
    },
    {
      "code": "zza",
      "lang": "Zazaki",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "teyna"
    },
    {
      "code": "zza",
      "lang": "Zazaki",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "tenya"
    },
    {
      "code": "nmn",
      "lang": "ǃXóõ",
      "sense": "by oneself",
      "word": "ʻáa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ase",
      "lang": "American Sign Language",
      "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
      "sense": "without outside help"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "bakarrik"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "samostojatelen",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "самостоятелен"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "tot sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "alleen"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "ise"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "yksin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "yksinään"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "itsekseen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "dauxmareblad",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "დაუხმარებლად"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "marṭom",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "მარტომ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "selbst"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "mónos",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "μόνος"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "alene"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "samodzielnie"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "sozinho"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "samostojátelʹno",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "самостоя́тельно"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "bez postorónnej pómošči",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "без посторо́нней по́мощи"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "v odinóčku",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "в одино́чку"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "samostatne"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "själv"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "sam",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "сам"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "without outside help",
      "word": "một mình"
    },
    {
      "code": "ase",
      "lang": "American Sign Language",
      "note": "1@InsideNeckhigh-FingerUpPalmBack CirclesHoriz",
      "sense": "only"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "bakarrik"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "samo",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "само"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "edinstveno",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "единствено"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "sol"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "només"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "ainult"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "üksi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fj",
      "lang": "Fijian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "duadua"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "yksin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "ainoastaan"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "mxolod",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "მხოლოდ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "nur"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "ausschließlich"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "allein"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "móno",
      "sense": "only",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "μόνο"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "egyedül"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "csakis"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "kizárólag"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "csupán"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "solo"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "soltanto"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "solamente"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "bare"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "kun"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "alene"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "só"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "singur"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odín",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "оди́н"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "tólʹko",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "то́лько"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "jedine"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "výlučne"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "bara"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "enbart"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "endast"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "chỉ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "only",
      "word": "thôi"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "alone"
  ],
  "word": "alone"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.