"ab" meaning in All languages combined

See ab on Wiktionary

Noun [Aynu]

IPA: /ɑb/
Etymology: Borrowed from Persian آب (âb). Etymology templates: {{bor|aib|fa|آب|tr=âb}} Persian آب (âb) Head templates: {{head|aib|noun}} ab
  1. water
    Sense id: en-ab-aib-noun-D0FoSQ44 Categories (other): Aynu entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Azerbaijani]

IPA: [ɑb] Audio: LL-Q9292 (aze)-Zardabi Bakuvi-ab.wav [Baku]
Etymology: Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb). Etymology templates: {{glossary|loanword|Borrowed}} Borrowed, {{bor|az|fa-cls|آب|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Classical Persian آب (āb), {{bor+|az|fa-cls|آب}} Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb) Head templates: {{az-noun}} ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar) Inflection templates: {{az-decl-noun|a|c}} Forms: abı [accusative, definite], ablar [plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [nominative, singular], ablar [nominative, plural], abı [accusative, definite, singular], abları [accusative, definite, plural], aba [dative, singular], ablara [dative, plural], abda [locative, singular], ablarda [locative, plural], abdan [ablative, singular], ablardan [ablative, plural], abın [definite, genitive, singular], abların [definite, genitive, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], abım [first-person, nominative, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarım [first-person, nominative, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abın [nominative, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], abların [nominative, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abı [nominative, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], abları [nominative, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımız [first-person, nominative, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımız [first-person, nominative, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınız [nominative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınız [nominative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abı [nominative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], abları [nominative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], abları [nominative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person], abımı [accusative, first-person, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarımı [accusative, first-person, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abını [accusative, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], ablarını [accusative, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abını [accusative, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], ablarını [accusative, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımızı [accusative, first-person, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımızı [accusative, first-person, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınızı [accusative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınızı [accusative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abını [accusative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarını [accusative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarını [accusative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person], abıma [dative, first-person, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarıma [dative, first-person, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abına [dative, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], ablarına [dative, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abına [dative, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], ablarına [dative, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımıza [dative, first-person, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımıza [dative, first-person, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınıza [dative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınıza [dative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abına [dative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarına [dative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarına [dative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person], abımda [first-person, locative, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarımda [first-person, locative, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abında [locative, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], ablarında [locative, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abında [locative, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], ablarında [locative, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımızda [first-person, locative, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımızda [first-person, locative, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınızda [locative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınızda [locative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abında [locative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarında [locative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarında [locative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person], abımdan [ablative, first-person, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarımdan [ablative, first-person, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abından [ablative, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], ablarından [ablative, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abından [ablative, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], ablarından [ablative, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımızdan [ablative, first-person, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımızdan [ablative, first-person, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınızdan [ablative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınızdan [ablative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abından [ablative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarından [ablative, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarından [ablative, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person], abımın [first-person, genitive, possessed-single, possessive, singular], ablarımın [first-person, genitive, possessed-many, possessive, singular], abının [genitive, possessed-single, possessive, second-person, singular], ablarının [genitive, possessed-many, possessive, second-person, singular], abının [genitive, possessed-single, possessive, singular, third-person], ablarının [genitive, possessed-many, possessive, singular, third-person], abımızın [first-person, genitive, plural, possessed-single, possessive], ablarımızın [first-person, genitive, plural, possessed-many, possessive], abınızın [genitive, plural, possessed-single, possessive, second-person], ablarınızın [genitive, plural, possessed-many, possessive, second-person], abının [genitive, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarının [genitive, plural, possessed-single, possessive, third-person], ablarının [genitive, plural, possessed-many, possessive, third-person]
  1. (Classical Azerbaijani) water Tags: Azerbaijani, Classical Synonyms: su Related terms: ab-hava [climate, meteorology, climatology, natural-sciences], abı (english: sky-blue)
    Sense id: en-ab-az-noun-D0FoSQ44 Categories (other): Azerbaijani entries with incorrect language header, Classical Azerbaijani

Noun [Blagar]

Head templates: {{head|beu|noun}} ab
  1. fish
    Sense id: en-ab-beu-noun-tHSpmicF Categories (other): Blagar entries with incorrect language header

Preposition [Catalan]

IPA: /ap/, /ab/ (note: Before a voiced consonant or a vowel), /aβ/ (note: Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects)
Head templates: {{head|ca|preposition}} ab
  1. Obsolete form of amb. Tags: alt-of, obsolete Alternative form of: amb
    Sense id: en-ab-ca-prep-Kuhpyj5e Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, Catalan prepositions

Noun [Crimean Tatar]

Etymology: Persian [Term?] Etymology templates: {{bor|crh|fa|}} Persian [Term?] Head templates: {{head|crh|noun}} ab Inflection templates: {{crh-decl|a}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [nominative, singular], ablar [nominative, plural], abnıñ [genitive, singular], ablarnıñ [genitive, plural], abğa [dative, singular], ablarğa [dative, plural], abnı [accusative, singular], ablarnı [accusative, plural], abda [locative, singular], ablarda [locative, plural], abdan [ablative, singular], ablardan [ablative, plural]
  1. water Synonyms: suv, su, bum-bum
    Sense id: en-ab-crh-noun-D0FoSQ44 Categories (other): Crimean Tatar entries with incorrect language header

Preposition [Danish]

IPA: /ab/, [ɑb̥]
Etymology: From Latin ab (“of, from”). Etymology templates: {{der|da|la|ab||of, from}} Latin ab (“of, from”) Head templates: {{head|da|preposition}} ab
  1. ex (out of, sold from)
    Sense id: en-ab-da-prep-vtR4ISgl Categories (other): Danish prepositions Disambiguation of Danish prepositions: 58 42
  2. from (with the origin in time)
    Sense id: en-ab-da-prep-0~3Z1Ncv
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Verb [Danish]

IPA: /aːb/, [æːˀb̥]
Etymology: See abe (“to ape, mimic”). Etymology templates: {{m|da|abe||to ape, mimic}} abe (“to ape, mimic”) Head templates: {{head|da|verb form}} ab
  1. imperative of abe Tags: form-of, imperative Form of: abe
    Sense id: en-ab-da-verb-Z46LHGFq Categories (other): Danish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Danish entries with incorrect language header: 5 17 78
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Particle [East Central German]

Head templates: {{head|gmw-ecg|particle}} ab
  1. (Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian) negative particle, do not Tags: Silesian

Verb [East Yugur]

IPA: /abqʰə/, [aβqʰə]
Etymology: From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian авах (avax). Etymology templates: {{inh|yuy|xgn-pro|*ab-}} Proto-Mongolic *ab-, {{cog|mn|авах}} Mongolian авах (avax) Head templates: {{head|yuy|verb}} ab
  1. to take
    Sense id: en-ab-yuy-verb-TuaAS407 Categories (other): East Yugur entries with incorrect language header

Adverb [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviations. Head templates: {{en-adv|?}} ab
  1. Abbreviation of about. Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: about
    Sense id: en-ab-en-adv-NezAjGgS
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Noun [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England] Forms: abs [plural]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviation of abdominal muscles. Etymology templates: {{m|en|abdominal}} abdominal, {{m|en|muscles}} muscles Head templates: {{en-noun}} ab (plural abs)
  1. (informal) abdominal muscle. Tags: informal Translations (abdominal muscle): 腹肌 (fùjī) (Chinese Mandarin), ventromuskolo (Esperanto), vatsalihas (Finnish), abdo [masculine] (French), Bauchmuskeln [masculine, plural] (German), 腹筋 (fukkin) (alt: ふっきん) (Japanese), mięsień prosty brzucha [masculine] (Polish), пресс (press) [masculine] (Russian), múi (Vietnamese), múi cơ (Vietnamese), cơ bụng (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-ab-en-noun-7QJPDslM Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England] Forms: abs [plural]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviation of abscess. Etymology templates: {{m|en|abscess}} abscess Head templates: {{en-noun}} ab (plural abs)
  1. (slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin. Tags: slang
    Sense id: en-ab-en-noun-ZPQOU5S2
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviations. Head templates: {{en-noun|?}} ab
  1. Abbreviation of abortion. Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: abortion
    Sense id: en-ab-en-noun-6pq9W40-
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Noun [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England] Forms: abs [plural]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations. Head templates: {{en-noun}} ab (plural abs)
  1. (US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start. Tags: US
    Sense id: en-ab-en-noun-B8Yopwm0 Categories (other): American English
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Preposition [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviations. Head templates: {{head|en|prepositions|head=}} ab, {{en-preposition}} ab
  1. Abbreviation of about. Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: about
    Sense id: en-ab-en-prep-NezAjGgS
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Verb [English]

IPA: /æb/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav [Southern-England] Forms: abs [present, singular, third-person], abbing [participle, present], abbed [participle, past], abbed [past]
Rhymes: -æb Etymology: Abbreviations. Head templates: {{en-verb}} ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)
  1. (climbing, informal) To abseil. Tags: informal Categories (topical): Climbing
    Sense id: en-ab-en-verb-fHtbuhQA Categories (other): English prepositions Disambiguation of English prepositions: 20 20 11 30 20 Topics: climbing, hobbies, lifestyle, sports
  2. Abbreviation of abort. Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: abort
    Sense id: en-ab-en-verb-eSSWsR43
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Adjective [German]

IPA: /ap/ [Germany], /ɑp/ [Germany], /ɑb̥/ (note: Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian)
Rhymes: -ap Etymology: From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc. Compare English off. Etymology templates: {{cog|en|off}} English off Head templates: {{de-adj|stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀}} ab (strong nominative masculine singular (nonstandard) abber, not comparable) Inflection templates: {{de-adecl|stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀}} Forms: abber [masculine, nominative, nonstandard, singular, strong], no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [masculine, predicative, singular], ab [feminine, predicative, singular], ab [neuter, predicative, singular], ab [plural, predicative], abber [masculine, nominative, singular, strong, without-article], abbe [feminine, nominative, singular, strong, without-article], abbes [neuter, nominative, singular, strong, without-article], abbe [nominative, plural, strong, without-article], abben [genitive, masculine, singular, strong, without-article], abber [feminine, genitive, singular, strong, without-article], abben [genitive, neuter, singular, strong, without-article], abber [genitive, plural, strong, without-article], abbem [dative, masculine, singular, strong, without-article], abber [dative, feminine, singular, strong, without-article], abbem [dative, neuter, singular, strong, without-article], abben [dative, plural, strong, without-article], abben [accusative, masculine, singular, strong, without-article], abbe [accusative, feminine, singular, strong, without-article], abbes [accusative, neuter, singular, strong, without-article], abbe [accusative, plural, strong, without-article], der abbe [definite, includes-article, masculine, nominative, singular, weak], die abbe [definite, feminine, includes-article, nominative, singular, weak], das abbe [definite, includes-article, neuter, nominative, singular, weak], die abben [definite, includes-article, nominative, plural, weak], des abben [definite, genitive, includes-article, masculine, singular, weak], der abben [definite, feminine, genitive, includes-article, singular, weak], des abben [definite, genitive, includes-article, neuter, singular, weak], der abben [definite, genitive, includes-article, plural, weak], dem abben [dative, definite, includes-article, masculine, singular, weak], der abben [dative, definite, feminine, includes-article, singular, weak], dem abben [dative, definite, includes-article, neuter, singular, weak], den abben [dative, definite, includes-article, plural, weak], den abben [accusative, definite, includes-article, masculine, singular, weak], die abbe [accusative, definite, feminine, includes-article, singular, weak], das abbe [accusative, definite, includes-article, neuter, singular, weak], die abben [accusative, definite, includes-article, plural, weak], ein abber [includes-article, indefinite, masculine, mixed, nominative, singular], eine abbe [feminine, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, nominative, singular], ein abbes [includes-article, indefinite, mixed, neuter, nominative, singular], abben [indefinite, mixed, nominative, plural], keine abben [includes-article, indefinite, mixed, negative, nominative, plural], eines abben [genitive, includes-article, indefinite, masculine, mixed, singular], einer abben [feminine, genitive, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, singular], eines abben [genitive, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, neuter, singular], abben [genitive, indefinite, mixed, plural], keiner abben [genitive, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, negative, plural], einem abben [dative, includes-article, indefinite, masculine, mixed, singular], einer abben [dative, feminine, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, singular], einem abben [dative, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, neuter, singular], abben [dative, indefinite, mixed, plural], keinen abben [dative, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, negative, plural], einen abben [accusative, includes-article, indefinite, masculine, mixed, singular], eine abbe [accusative, feminine, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, singular], ein abbes [accusative, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, neuter, singular], abben [accusative, indefinite, mixed, plural], keine abben [accusative, includes-article, indefinite, mixed, negative, plural]
  1. (colloquial, predicative) off; not attached to anything anymore Tags: colloquial, not-comparable, predicative
    Sense id: en-ab-de-adj-FfDnu~Jf Categories (other): German entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of German entries with incorrect language header: 43 44 13
  2. (nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore Tags: attributive, nonstandard, not-comparable
    Sense id: en-ab-de-adj-FfDnu~Jf1 Categories (other): German entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of German entries with incorrect language header: 43 44 13
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: abseits
Etymology number: 2

Preposition [German]

IPA: /ap/ [Germany], /ɑp/ [Germany], /ɑb̥/ (note: Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian)
Rhymes: -ap Etymology: From Middle High German abe, ab, from Old High German ab, from Proto-West Germanic *ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab. Etymology templates: {{inh|de|gmh|abe, ab}} Middle High German abe, ab, {{der|de|goh|ab}} Old High German ab, {{der|de|gmw-pro|*ab}} Proto-West Germanic *ab, {{der|de|gem-pro|*ab}} Proto-Germanic *ab Head templates: {{head|de|preposition}} ab
  1. beginning at that time or location; from Tags: with-dative Derived forms: ab und zu
    Sense id: en-ab-de-prep-ayXCrcvg Categories (other): German entries with incorrect language header, German prepositions Disambiguation of German entries with incorrect language header: 43 44 13
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Noun [Indonesian]

Forms: abku [first-person, possessive], abmu [possessive, second-person], abnya [possessive, third-person]
Head templates: {{id-noun}} ab (first-person possessive abku, second-person possessive abmu, third-person possessive abnya)
  1. small pot
    Sense id: en-ab-id-noun-gU524B7U
  2. (dated) father (aba) Tags: dated
    Sense id: en-ab-id-noun-UpiphlaI Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header, Indonesian terms with redundant script codes Disambiguation of Indonesian entries with incorrect language header: 4 96 Disambiguation of Indonesian terms with redundant script codes: 3 97

Preposition [Interlingua]

Head templates: {{head|ia|preposition}} ab
  1. from
    Sense id: en-ab-ia-prep-dYV6RYmZ Categories (other): Interlingua entries with incorrect language header, Interlingua prepositions

Noun [Irish]

IPA: /abˠ/
Etymology: From Latin abbas (“father”), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”). Etymology templates: {{der|ga|la|abbas|t=father}} Latin abbas (“father”), {{der|ga|grc|ἀββᾶς}} Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), {{der|ga|arc|אַבָּא|t=father|tr=’abbā}} Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”) Head templates: {{head|ga|noun|genitive singular|aba|||||||nominative plural|abaí|||||cat2=|f1request=1|f4request=1|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=}} ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí), {{ga-noun|m|~a|~aí}} ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí) Inflection templates: {{ga-decl-m3|a|b|ba|baí}} Forms: aba [genitive, singular], abaí [nominative, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [indefinite, nominative, singular], abaí [indefinite, nominative, plural], a ab [indefinite, singular, vocative], a abaí [indefinite, plural, vocative], aba [genitive, indefinite, singular], abaí [genitive, indefinite, plural], ab [dative, indefinite, singular], abaí [dative, indefinite, plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], an t-ab [definite, nominative, singular], na habaí [definite, nominative, plural], an aba [definite, genitive, singular], na n-abaí [definite, genitive, plural], leis an ab [dative, definite, singular], don ab [dative, definite, singular], leis na habaí [dative, definite, plural]
  1. (Christianity) abbot Tags: masculine Categories (topical): Christianity, Monasticism Derived forms: mac an aba (english: ring finger) [masculine], tánaiste an aba (english: the next in rank to the abbot) [masculine], tiarna aba (english: lord abbot) [masculine]
    Sense id: en-ab-ga-noun-QIJ12JW6 Disambiguation of Monasticism: 80 20 Categories (other): Irish particles Disambiguation of Irish particles: 54 46 Topics: Christianity
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Particle [Irish]

IPA: /əbˠ/ Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [mutation, mutation-radical], n-ab [eclipsis, mutation], hab [mutation, prothesis-h], t-ab [mutation, prothesis-t]
Etymology: Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’. Etymology templates: {{m|ga|a}} a, {{m|ga|b’}} b’ Head templates: {{head|ga|particle}} ab Inflection templates: {{ga-mut|msn}}
  1. Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound). Tags: alt-of, alternative Alternative form of: ba (extra: used in relative clauses before a vowel sound)
    Sense id: en-ab-ga-particle-ICB6ZDhl Categories (other): Irish entries with incorrect language header, Irish entries with topic categories using raw markup, Irish links with manual fragments, Irish links with redundant alt parameters, Irish particles Disambiguation of Irish entries with incorrect language header: 37 63 Disambiguation of Irish entries with topic categories using raw markup: 30 70 Disambiguation of Irish links with manual fragments: 39 61 Disambiguation of Irish links with redundant alt parameters: 28 72 Disambiguation of Irish particles: 54 46 Related terms: Main clauses, is, , an, nach, Direct relative clauses, Indirect relative clauses, ar, arbv, Other subordinate clauses, gur, gurbv, ba, b’v, níor, níorbhv, arbhv, nár, nárbhv, abv, gurbhv, gura, gurabv, nára, nárabv, Simple copular forms, , cár, cárbv, cárbhv, , cér, cérbv, cérbhv, , dá mba, dá mb’v, de/do, dar, darbv, darbhv, faoi, faoinar, faoinarbv, faoinarbhv, i, inar, inarbv, inarbhv, le, lenar, lenarbv, lenarbhv, , más, má ba, má b’v, mura, murabv, murar, murarbhv, ó (english: prep.), ónar, ónarbv, ónarbhv, ó (conj.), ós, ó ba, ó b’v, trí, trínar, trínarbv, trínarbhv, Compound copular forms, v Used before vowel sounds
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun [K'iche']

IPA: /aːɓ/
Head templates: {{head|quc|noun}} ab
  1. hammock
    Sense id: en-ab-quc-noun-f95NrQIp Categories (other): K'iche' entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of K'iche' entries with incorrect language header: 42 9 49
  2. steam
    Sense id: en-ab-quc-noun-Px8pREwJ
  3. mist
    Sense id: en-ab-quc-noun-kFSWbz3w Categories (other): K'iche' entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of K'iche' entries with incorrect language header: 42 9 49

Noun [Kein]

Head templates: {{head|bmh|noun}} ab
  1. fire
    Sense id: en-ab-bmh-noun-3J8osS3R Categories (other): Kein entries with incorrect language header

Preposition [Latin]

IPA: /ab/ [Classical], [äb] [Classical], /ab/ (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical), [äb] (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical)
Etymology: From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with ᾰ̓πό (apó). The ablative is actually from the PIE ablative. Etymology templates: {{inh|la|itc-pro|*ap}} Proto-Italic *ap, {{inh|la|ine-pro|*h₂epó||off, away}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”), {{cog|en|off}} English off, {{m|en|of}} of, {{m|en|after}} after, {{m|la|po-}} po-, {{l|grc|ᾰ̓πό}} ᾰ̓πό (apó) Head templates: {{la-prep|ablative}} ab (+ ablative)
  1. (indicating ablation): from, away from, out of Tags: indicating ablation, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-V9fPOdi~ Categories (other): Latin ablative prepositions, Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin ablative prepositions: 15 11 19 19 10 10 16 Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  2. (indicating ablation): down from Tags: indicating ablation, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-e6J3dqjX Categories (other): Latin ablative prepositions, Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin ablative prepositions: 15 11 19 19 10 10 16 Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  3. (indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of Tags: indicating agency, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-3v2bEkLz Categories (other): Latin ablative prepositions, Latin entries with incorrect language header, Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin ablative prepositions: 15 11 19 19 10 10 16 Disambiguation of Latin entries with incorrect language header: 7 8 39 41 0 0 4 Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  4. (indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with Tags: indicating instrumentality, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep--vl7CpI0 Categories (other): Latin ablative prepositions, Latin entries with incorrect language header, Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin ablative prepositions: 15 11 19 19 10 10 16 Disambiguation of Latin entries with incorrect language header: 7 8 39 41 0 0 4 Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  5. (indicating association): to, with Tags: indicating association, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-nQumxTJ6 Categories (other): Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  6. (indicating location): at, on, in Tags: indicating location, with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-5tGcRd-w Categories (other): Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16
  7. (time) after, since Tags: with-ablative
    Sense id: en-ab-la-prep-g9RJuVJe Categories (other): Latin ablative prepositions, Latin prepositions Disambiguation of Latin ablative prepositions: 15 11 19 19 10 10 16 Disambiguation of Latin prepositions: 14 14 17 17 11 11 16 Topics: time
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ā (english: not used before a vowel or h), abs (english: exclusively used before the pronoun te) [archaic], af [archaic] Related terms: abhinc

Conjunction [Latvian]

Head templates: {{head|lv|conjunction}} ab
  1. (archaic) or Tags: archaic Synonyms: vai
    Sense id: en-ab-lv-conj-cXVRejcL Categories (other): Latvian entries with incorrect language header, Latvian prepositions Disambiguation of Latvian entries with incorrect language header: 100 0 Disambiguation of Latvian prepositions: 53 47

Preposition [Latvian]

Head templates: {{head|lv|preposition}} ab
  1. (archaic) around Tags: archaic Synonyms: ap
    Sense id: en-ab-lv-prep-pKAMhA~D Categories (other): Latvian prepositions Disambiguation of Latvian prepositions: 53 47

Noun [Livonian]

IPA: /ɑb/
Head templates: {{head|liv|noun|head=a'b}} a'b Forms: a'b [canonical], no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [nominative, singular], abūd [nominative, plural], ab [genitive, singular], abūd [genitive, plural], abbõ [partitive, singular], abḑi [partitive, plural], abbõn [dative, singular], abūdõn [dative, plural], abkõks [instrumental, singular], abūdõks [instrumental, plural], abbõ [illative, singular], abži [illative, plural], absõ [inessive, singular], abs [inessive, singular], abši [inessive, plural], abstõ [elative, singular], abst [elative, singular], abšti [elative, plural]
  1. (anatomy) shoulder Categories (topical): Anatomy
    Sense id: en-ab-liv-noun-ifRdTIFy Categories (other): Livonian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Livonian entries with incorrect language header: 73 27 Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences
  2. help
    Sense id: en-ab-liv-noun-EGpYQvxf Categories (other): Livonian words with broken tone Disambiguation of Livonian words with broken tone: 37 63

Noun [Middle Irish]

Forms: aba [genitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], ab [mutation, mutation-radical], n-ab [mutation, mutation-nasal]
Etymology: From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū. Etymology templates: {{inh|mga|sga|aub}} Old Irish aub, {{inh|mga|cel-pro|*abū}} Proto-Celtic *abū Head templates: {{head|mga|noun|genitive|aba|g=f}} ab f (genitive aba) Inflection templates: {{mga-mutation|a|b}}
  1. river Tags: feminine Synonyms: aband, abann
    Sense id: en-ab-mga-noun-X1qO2PE5 Categories (other): Middle Irish entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Norwegian Bokmål]

IPA: /ɑːb/ Audio: NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg
Rhymes: -ɑːb Etymology: Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”), verbal noun form of avbetale (“to pay off”), a compound of av + betale, first part av (“of, from, by, off”), from Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) + second part betale (“pay, purchase”), from Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”), last part is the suffix -ing (“-ing”), from Old Norse -ingr m, -ingi m, -ing f, from Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō. Etymology templates: {{m|nb|avbetaling||installment}} avbetaling (“installment”), {{m|nb|avbetale||to pay off}} avbetale (“to pay off”), {{compound|nb|av|betale}} av + betale, {{m|nb|av||of, from, by, off}} av (“of, from, by, off”), {{inh|nb|non|af||of, from, off, by}} Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”), {{inh|nb|gem-pro|*ab||away from}} Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”), {{inh|nb|ine-pro|*h₂epó||off, away}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”), {{m|nb|betale||pay, purchase}} betale (“pay, purchase”), {{der|nb|gml|betalen||of, from, off, by}} Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”), {{m|nb|-ing||-ing}} -ing (“-ing”), {{inh|nb|non|-ingr|g=m}} Old Norse -ingr m, {{m|non|-ingi|g=m}} -ingi m, {{m|non|-ing|g=f}} -ing f, {{inh|nb|gem-pro|*-ingō}} Proto-Germanic *-ingō, {{m|gem-pro|*-ungō}} *-ungō Head templates: {{head|nb|noun}} ab
  1. (colloquial) Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”). Tags: abbreviation, alt-of, colloquial Alternative form of: avbetaling (extra: installment) Derived forms: ab-kjøp, ab-kontrakt Related terms: avbetale (english: pay in installments)
    Sense id: en-ab-nb-noun-XK9Wew0P
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Preposition [Norwegian Bokmål]

IPA: /ɑːb/ Audio: NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg
Rhymes: -ɑːb Etymology: From German ab (“from”), from Middle High German ab, from Old High German ab (“of”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”). Etymology templates: {{der|nb|de|ab||from}} German ab (“from”), {{der|nb|gmh|ab}} Middle High German ab, {{der|nb|goh|ab||of}} Old High German ab (“of”), {{der|nb|gem-pro|*ab||away, away from}} Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”), {{der|nb|ine-pro|*h₂epó||off, away}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) Head templates: {{head|nb|preposition}} ab
  1. (economics) from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense Categories (topical): Economics
    Sense id: en-ab-nb-prep-YDHjBqDy Topics: economics, science, sciences
  2. (economics, obsolete) as of Tags: obsolete Categories (topical): Economics
    Sense id: en-ab-nb-prep-YAl-e4cm Topics: economics, science, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: abgeschmackt (english: gross, tasteless), abgeschmackthet (english: grossness, tastelessness)
Etymology number: 1

Preposition [Norwegian Bokmål]

IPA: /ˈɑːbə/ [modern], /ɑˈbeː/ (note: older), /ɑːb/ Audio: nb-ab1.ogg , nb-ab2.ogg , NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg
Rhymes: -ɑːbə, -eː, -ɑːb Etymology: From Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”). Etymology templates: {{der|nb|la|ab||from, away from, on, in}} Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”), {{der|nb|itc-pro|*ab}} Proto-Italic *ab, {{der|nb|ine-pro|*h₂epó||off, away}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) Head templates: {{head|nb|preposition}} ab
  1. Only used in ab ovo (“ab ovo”)
    Sense id: en-ab-nb-prep-R1wj65E0
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Preposition [Occitan]

Etymology: From Latin ab. Etymology templates: {{inh|oc|la|ab}} Latin ab Head templates: {{head|oc|preposition}} ab
  1. (Guardiol) with Synonyms: amb, dab [Gascon], damb [Aranese, Gascon], ambé [Provençal], embé [Niçard, Provençal]
    Sense id: en-ab-oc-prep-BpW1Y6ze Categories (other): Guardiol, Occitan entries with incorrect language header, Occitan prepositions

Preposition [Old French]

Etymology: Reduced form of Latin apud. Etymology templates: {{der|fro|la|apud}} Latin apud Head templates: {{head|fro|preposition}} ab
  1. (10th century) with Tags: obsolete Synonyms: avoec (english: used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods)
    Sense id: en-ab-fro-prep-BpW1Y6ze Categories (other): Old French entries with incorrect language header, Old French prepositions

Preposition [Old High German]

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *ab. Etymology templates: {{inh|goh|gem-pro|*ab}} Proto-Germanic *ab Head templates: {{head|goh|preposition|head=|sort=}} ab, {{goh-prep}} ab
  1. of
    Sense id: en-ab-goh-prep-KDkdO8ZO Categories (other): Old High German entries with incorrect language header, Old High German prepositions

Preposition [Old Occitan]

Etymology: Reduced form of Latin apud Etymology templates: {{der|pro|la|apud}} Latin apud Head templates: {{head|pro|preposition}} ab
  1. with
    Sense id: en-ab-pro-prep-BpW1Y6ze Categories (other): Old Occitan entries with incorrect language header, Old Occitan prepositions

Verb [Parauk]

IPA: /ap/
Head templates: {{head|prk|verb}} ab
  1. to give, hand over.
    Sense id: en-ab-prk-verb-fJNrYbdI Categories (other): Parauk entries with incorrect language header, Parauk terms in nonstandard scripts

Preposition [Pennsylvania German]

Etymology: Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off. Etymology templates: {{cog|de|ab}} German ab, {{cog|nl|af}} Dutch af, {{cog|en|off}} English off Head templates: {{head|pdc|preposition}} ab
  1. off
    Sense id: en-ab-pdc-prep-tNxm3egG
  2. from
    Sense id: en-ab-pdc-prep-dYV6RYmZ Categories (other): Pennsylvania German entries with incorrect language header, Pennsylvania German prepositions Disambiguation of Pennsylvania German entries with incorrect language header: 0 100 0 Disambiguation of Pennsylvania German prepositions: 29 41 29
  3. away
    Sense id: en-ab-pdc-prep-N4zlap0U

Adverb [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ɑβ/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂epó}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó
  1. away Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-ab-gem-pro-adv-N4zlap0U
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: aba, af, afa

Preposition [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ɑβ/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂epó}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó Head templates: {{head|gem-pro|preposition}} *ab
  1. away from, off of [+dative] Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-ab-gem-pro-prep-l6TEw3cO Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header, Proto-Germanic prepositions Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 50 50 Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic prepositions: 12 51 37
  2. of [+dative] Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-ab-gem-pro-prep-JTSiB7zJ Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 50 50
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: aba, af, afa

Noun [Pumpokol]

Head templates: {{head|xpm|noun}} ab
  1. father Categories (topical): Family

Noun [Scots]

IPA: /ab/ Forms: abs [plural]
Etymology: Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”). Etymology templates: {{unc|sco}} Uncertain, {{cog|en|hobble}} English hobble, {{cog|nl|hobbelen||to lurch}} Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), {{cog|da|happe||to stutter}} Danish happe (“to stutter”), {{cog|no|jabba||to stammer}} Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”), {{cog|sv|happla||to stutter}} Swedish happla (“to stutter”) Head templates: {{head|sco|noun|||plural|abs|||||cat2=|cat3=|head=}} ab (plural abs), {{sco-noun}} ab (plural abs)
  1. (Orkney) impediment, hindrance, objection. Tags: Orkney
    Sense id: en-ab-sco-noun-E4q7KfKc Categories (other): Orkney Scots

Verb [Scots]

IPA: /ab/ Forms: abed [past]
Etymology: Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”). Etymology templates: {{unc|sco}} Uncertain, {{cog|en|hobble}} English hobble, {{cog|nl|hobbelen||to lurch}} Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), {{cog|da|happe||to stutter}} Danish happe (“to stutter”), {{cog|no|jabba||to stammer}} Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”), {{cog|sv|happla||to stutter}} Swedish happla (“to stutter”) Head templates: {{head|sco|verb|simple past|abed}} ab (simple past abed)
  1. (Orkney) to hinder Tags: Orkney
    Sense id: en-ab-sco-verb-dUGYAHGv Categories (other): Orkney Scots, Scots entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Scots entries with incorrect language header: 32 68

Noun [Scottish Gaelic]

Forms: aba [genitive, singular], abachan [plural]
Head templates: {{head|gd|noun|||||||genitive singular|aba|||||||plural|abachan||||||{{{pl4}}}|cat2=|f1accel-form=dat|s|f2accel-form=dat|s|f3accel-form=dat|s|f4accel-form=gen|s|f5accel-form=gen|s|f6accel-form=gen|s|f7accel-form=p|f8accel-form=p|f9accel-form=p|g=m|g2=|g3=|head=}} ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan), {{gd-noun|g=m|gen=aba|pl=abachan}} ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)
  1. Alternative form of aba Tags: alt-of, alternative, masculine Alternative form of: aba
    Sense id: en-ab-gd-noun-oy2m9Ccf Categories (other): Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header

Romanization [Sumerian]

Head templates: {{head|sux|romanization|head=}} ab, {{sux-rom}} ab
  1. Romanization of 𒀊 (ab) Tags: alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: 𒀊 (extra: ab)
    Sense id: en-ab-sux-romanization-84hKXyPK Categories (other): Sumerian entries with incorrect language header, Sumerian romanizations Disambiguation of Sumerian entries with incorrect language header: 50 50 Disambiguation of Sumerian romanizations: 50 50
  2. Romanization of 𒀖 (ab) Tags: alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: 𒀖 (extra: ab)
    Sense id: en-ab-sux-romanization-elWK66Fr Categories (other): Sumerian entries with incorrect language header, Sumerian romanizations Disambiguation of Sumerian entries with incorrect language header: 50 50 Disambiguation of Sumerian romanizations: 50 50

Symbol [Translingual]

Head templates: {{head|mul|symbol|||or||or||or||cat2=|f1lang=en|f1nolink=|f2lang=en|f2nolink=|f3lang=en|f3nolink=|f4lang=en|f4nolink=|head=|head2=|head3=|head4=|sc=Latn|sort=}} ab, {{mul-symbol}} ab
  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz.

Noun [Turkish]

Audio: LL-Q256 (tur)-ToprakM-ab.wav Forms: abı [accusative, definite], ablar [plural]
Etymology: From Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”), from Persian آب (âb). Etymology templates: {{root|tr|ine-pro|*h₂ep-|id=water}}, {{dercat|tr|pal|peo|ira-pro|iir-pro}}, {{inh|tr|ota|آب|t=water|tr=āb}} Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”), {{der|tr|fa|آب|tr=âb}} Persian آب (âb) Head templates: {{head|tr|noun|definite accusative|abı|||plural|ablar|f1accel-form=def|acc|s|f1request=1|f3accel-form=nom|p|f3request=1|head=|sort=}} ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar), {{tr-noun|ı|lar}} ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)
  1. (obsolete, poetic) water Tags: obsolete, poetic Synonyms: âb
    Sense id: en-ab-tr-noun-D0FoSQ44 Categories (other): Turkish entries with incorrect language header

Conjunction [Volapük]

Etymology: Borrowed from German aber (“but”). Etymology templates: {{bor|vo|de|aber|gloss=but}} German aber (“but”) Head templates: {{head|vo|conjunction}} ab
  1. but
    Sense id: en-ab-vo-conj-zcKZN4hx Categories (other): Volapük entries with incorrect language header

Prefix [Welsh]

IPA: /ab/
Etymology: From fab, soft mutation of mab (“son”). Etymology templates: {{l|cy|fab}} fab, {{l|cy|mab||son}} mab (“son”) Head templates: {{head|cy|prefix}} ab
  1. A patronymic indicator; son of. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en-ab-cy-prefix-OKar1co4 Categories (other): Welsh entries with incorrect language header

Article [Wolof]

Head templates: {{head|wo|article}} ab
  1. a/an (singular indefinite article)
    Sense id: en-ab-wo-article-Vs6kSyns Categories (other): Wolof articles, Wolof entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for ab meaning in All languages combined (98.1kB)

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mul",
        "10": "",
        "2": "symbol",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "",
        "7": "or",
        "8": "",
        "9": "or",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1lang": "en",
        "f1nolink": "",
        "f2lang": "en",
        "f2nolink": "",
        "f3lang": "en",
        "f3nolink": "",
        "f4lang": "en",
        "f4nolink": "",
        "head": "",
        "head2": "",
        "head3": "",
        "head4": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "mul-symbol"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Translingual",
  "lang_code": "mul",
  "pos": "symbol",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "ISO 639-1",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Translingual entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Translingual terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-mul-symbol-AjMQI0kH",
      "links": [
        [
          "language code",
          "language code"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "international standards",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "abdominal"
      },
      "expansion": "abdominal",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "muscles"
      },
      "expansion": "muscles",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves, page 75",
          "text": "The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Bill Geiger, \"6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks\", Reps! 17:106",
          "text": "When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group […] ."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "abdominal muscle."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-noun-7QJPDslM",
      "links": [
        [
          "abdominal muscle",
          "abdominal muscle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) abdominal muscle."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "zh",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "fùjī",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "腹肌"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "ventromuskolo"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "vatsalihas"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "abdo"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "Bauchmuskeln"
        },
        {
          "alt": "ふっきん",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "fukkin",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "腹筋"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "mięsień prosty brzucha"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "press",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "пресс"
        },
        {
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "múi"
        },
        {
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "múi cơ"
        },
        {
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "abdominal muscle",
          "word": "cơ bụng"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "abscess"
      },
      "expansion": "abscess",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of abscess.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-noun-ZPQOU5S2",
      "links": [
        [
          "abscess",
          "abscess"
        ],
        [
          "heroin",
          "heroin"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "slang"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Climbing",
          "orig": "en:Climbing",
          "parents": [
            "Sports",
            "Human activity",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 20 11 30 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1998, Climbing, numbers 178-180, page 22",
          "text": "I had a climbing rope in my pack, set up an abseil with it, and abbed down to him.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To abseil."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-verb-fHtbuhQA",
      "links": [
        [
          "climbing",
          "climbing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "abseil",
          "abseil"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(climbing, informal) To abseil."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "climbing",
        "hobbies",
        "lifestyle",
        "sports"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "abort"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of abort."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-verb-eSSWsR43",
      "links": [
        [
          "abort",
          "abort#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "abortion"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of abortion."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-noun-6pq9W40-",
      "links": [
        [
          "abortion",
          "abortion#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "prepositions",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "about"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of about."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-prep-NezAjGgS",
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "about"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of about."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-adv-NezAjGgS",
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "American English",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The early stages of; the beginning process; the start."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-en-noun-B8Yopwm0",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aib",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "آب",
        "tr": "âb"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian آب (âb)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Persian آب (âb).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aib",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Aynu",
  "lang_code": "aib",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Aynu entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-aib-noun-D0FoSQ44",
      "links": [
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "fa-cls",
        "3": "آب",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Classical Persian آب (āb)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "fa-cls",
        "3": "آب"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb)",
      "name": "bor+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "az-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablara",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablardan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abların",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "az-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abım",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarım",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abların",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abıma",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarıma",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "az-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "c"
      },
      "name": "az-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Azerbaijani",
  "lang_code": "az",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Azerbaijani entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Classical Azerbaijani",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-az-noun-D0FoSQ44",
      "links": [
        [
          "Classical Azerbaijani",
          "Classical Azerbaijani"
        ],
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Classical Azerbaijani) water"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "topics": [
            "climate",
            "meteorology",
            "climatology",
            "natural-sciences"
          ],
          "word": "ab-hava"
        },
        {
          "english": "sky-blue",
          "word": "abı"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "su"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Azerbaijani",
        "Classical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɑb]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9292 (aze)-Zardabi Bakuvi-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/59/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/59/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Baku"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Baku)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "beu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Blagar",
  "lang_code": "beu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Blagar entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "fish"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-beu-noun-tHSpmicF",
      "links": [
        [
          "fish",
          "fish"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "amb"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Obsolete form of amb."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-ca-prep-Kuhpyj5e",
      "links": [
        [
          "amb",
          "amb#Catalan"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "note": "Before a voiced consonant or a vowel"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/aβ/",
      "note": "Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "crh",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Persian [Term?]",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Persian [Term?]",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "crh-decl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnıñ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarnıñ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abğa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarğa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarnı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablardan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "crh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a"
      },
      "name": "crh-decl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Crimean Tatar",
  "lang_code": "crh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Crimean Tatar entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-crh-noun-D0FoSQ44",
      "links": [
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "suv"
        },
        {
          "word": "su"
        },
        {
          "word": "bum-bum"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab (“of, from”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab (“of, from”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "58 42",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ex (out of, sold from)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-da-prep-vtR4ISgl",
      "links": [
        [
          "ex",
          "ex"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "from (with the origin in time)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-da-prep-0~3Z1Ncv",
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɑb̥]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "abe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to ape, mimic"
      },
      "expansion": "abe (“to ape, mimic”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See abe (“to ape, mimic”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "5 17 78",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "abe"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of abe"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-da-verb-Z46LHGFq",
      "links": [
        [
          "abe",
          "abe#Danish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/aːb/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[æːˀb̥]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-ecg",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "East Central German",
  "lang_code": "gmw-ecg",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "East Central German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "East Central German particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Silesian East Central German",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "negative particle, do not"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-gmw-ecg-particle-2uM2nOht",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian) negative particle, do not"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Silesian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yuy",
        "2": "xgn-pro",
        "3": "*ab-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *ab-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "авах"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian авах (avax)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian авах (avax).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yuy",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "East Yugur",
  "lang_code": "yuy",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "East Yugur entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "If you tell a lie I will skin you [take your skin].",
          "text": "Ci ghudal kelese bu cini arasini xuulj' abqu.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to take"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-yuy-verb-TuaAS407",
      "links": [
        [
          "take",
          "take"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/abqʰə/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[aβqʰə]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "abe, ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German abe, ab",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle High German abe, ab, from Old High German ab, from Proto-West Germanic *ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "43 44 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "ab und zu"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Available from today.",
          "text": "Ab heute verfügbar.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beginning at that time or location; from"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-de-prep-ayXCrcvg",
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑp/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb̥/",
      "note": "Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ap"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc. Compare English off.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "nonstandard",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "de-adecl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "das abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "des abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "des abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "den abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "den abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "das abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eine abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keine abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eines abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einer abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eines abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keiner abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einer abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keinen abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einen abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eine abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keine abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (strong nominative masculine singular (nonstandard) abber, not comparable)",
      "name": "de-adj"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀"
      },
      "name": "de-adecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "abseits"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "43 44 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The arm is (hewn) off.",
          "text": "Der Arm ist ab.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-de-adj-FfDnu~Jf",
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial, predicative) off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "not-comparable",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "43 44 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The (hewn) off arm has disappeared.",
          "text": "Der abbe Arm ist verschwunden.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-de-adj-FfDnu~Jf1",
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "attributive",
        "nonstandard",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑp/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb̥/",
      "note": "Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ap"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abku",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abmu",
      "tags": [
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnya",
      "tags": [
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (first-person possessive abku, second-person possessive abmu, third-person possessive abnya)",
      "name": "id-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "small pot"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-id-noun-gU524B7U"
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 96",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 97",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "father (aba)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-id-noun-UpiphlaI",
      "links": [
        [
          "aba",
          "aba"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dated) father (aba)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ia",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Interlingua",
  "lang_code": "ia",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Interlingua entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Interlingua prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-ia-prep-dYV6RYmZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "abbas",
        "t": "father"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin abbas (“father”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "ἀββᾶς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "arc",
        "3": "אַבָּא",
        "t": "father",
        "tr": "’abbā"
      },
      "expansion": "Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin abbas (“father”), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-decl-m3",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-decl-m3",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an t-ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "na habaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "na n-abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leis an ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "don ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leis na habaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "nominative plural",
        "12": "abaí",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive singular",
        "4": "aba",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f4request": "1",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "~a",
        "3": "~aí"
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)",
      "name": "ga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "b",
        "3": "ba",
        "4": "baí"
      },
      "name": "ga-decl-m3"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "ga",
          "name": "Christianity",
          "orig": "ga:Christianity",
          "parents": [
            "Abrahamism",
            "Religion",
            "Culture",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "54 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "80 20",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "ga",
          "name": "Monasticism",
          "orig": "ga:Monasticism",
          "parents": [
            "Religion",
            "Culture",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "english": "ring finger",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "mac an aba"
        },
        {
          "english": "the next in rank to the abbot",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tánaiste an aba"
        },
        {
          "english": "lord abbot",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tiarna aba"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "abbot"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-ga-noun-QIJ12JW6",
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "abbot",
          "abbot"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) abbot"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/abˠ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "a"
      },
      "expansion": "a",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "b’"
      },
      "expansion": "b’",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-mut",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "eclipsis",
        "mutation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "prothesis-h"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "t-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "prothesis-t"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "msn"
      },
      "name": "ga-mut"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "used in relative clauses before a vowel sound",
          "word": "ba"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "37 63",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "30 70",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "39 61",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 72",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "54 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "He was a good man.",
          "text": "Fear maith ab ea é.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "a boy (who was) taller than my brother",
          "text": "buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháir",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound)."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-ga-particle-ICB6ZDhl",
      "links": [
        [
          "ba",
          "ba#Irish"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "Main clauses"
        },
        {
          "word": "is"
        },
        {
          "word": "ní"
        },
        {
          "word": "an"
        },
        {
          "word": "nach"
        },
        {
          "word": "Direct relative clauses"
        },
        {
          "word": "Indirect relative clauses"
        },
        {
          "word": "ar"
        },
        {
          "word": "arbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "Other subordinate clauses"
        },
        {
          "word": "gur"
        },
        {
          "word": "gurbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "ba"
        },
        {
          "word": "b’v"
        },
        {
          "word": "níor"
        },
        {
          "word": "níorbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "arbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "nár"
        },
        {
          "word": "nárbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "abv"
        },
        {
          "word": "gurbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "gura"
        },
        {
          "word": "gurabv"
        },
        {
          "word": "nára"
        },
        {
          "word": "nárabv"
        },
        {
          "word": "Simple copular forms"
        },
        {
          "word": "cá"
        },
        {
          "word": "cár"
        },
        {
          "word": "cárbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "cárbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "cé"
        },
        {
          "word": "cér"
        },
        {
          "word": "cérbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "cérbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "dá"
        },
        {
          "word": "dá mba"
        },
        {
          "word": "dá mb’v"
        },
        {
          "word": "de/do"
        },
        {
          "word": "dar"
        },
        {
          "word": "darbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "darbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "faoi"
        },
        {
          "word": "faoinar"
        },
        {
          "word": "faoinarbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "faoinarbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "i"
        },
        {
          "word": "inar"
        },
        {
          "word": "inarbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "inarbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "le"
        },
        {
          "word": "lenar"
        },
        {
          "word": "lenarbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "lenarbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "má"
        },
        {
          "word": "más"
        },
        {
          "word": "má ba"
        },
        {
          "word": "má b’v"
        },
        {
          "word": "mura"
        },
        {
          "word": "murabv"
        },
        {
          "word": "murar"
        },
        {
          "word": "murarbhv"
        },
        {
          "english": "prep.",
          "word": "ó"
        },
        {
          "word": "ónar"
        },
        {
          "word": "ónarbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "ónarbhv"
        },
        {
          "roman": "conj.",
          "word": "ó"
        },
        {
          "word": "ós"
        },
        {
          "word": "ó ba"
        },
        {
          "word": "ó b’v"
        },
        {
          "word": "trí"
        },
        {
          "word": "trínar"
        },
        {
          "word": "trínarbv"
        },
        {
          "word": "trínarbhv"
        },
        {
          "word": "Compound copular forms"
        },
        {
          "word": "v Used before vowel sounds"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əbˠ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "quc",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "K'iche'",
  "lang_code": "quc",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "42 9 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "K'iche' entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hammock"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-quc-noun-f95NrQIp",
      "links": [
        [
          "hammock",
          "hammock"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "steam"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-quc-noun-Px8pREwJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "steam",
          "steam"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "42 9 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "K'iche' entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "mist"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-quc-noun-kFSWbz3w",
      "links": [
        [
          "mist",
          "mist"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/aːɓ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bmh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kein",
  "lang_code": "bmh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Kein entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "fire"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-bmh-noun-3J8osS3R",
      "links": [
        [
          "fire",
          "fire"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fr",
            "2": "à"
          },
          "expansion": "French: à",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "French: à"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Italian: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Italian: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Spanish: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Spanish: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Portuguese: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Portuguese: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "a",
            "3": "ab",
            "lbor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: a, ab (learned)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: a, ab (learned)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*ap"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *ap",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "of"
      },
      "expansion": "of",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "after"
      },
      "expansion": "after",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "po-"
      },
      "expansion": "po-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ᾰ̓πό"
      },
      "expansion": "ᾰ̓πό (apó)",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with ᾰ̓πό (apó).\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ablative"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (+ ablative)",
      "name": "la-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "abhinc"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 19 19 10 10 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin ablative prepositions",
          "parents": [
            "Ablative prepositions",
            "Prepositions",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1",
          "roman": "The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.",
          "text": "Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from, away from, out of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-V9fPOdi~",
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ],
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ],
        [
          "out",
          "out"
        ],
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating ablation",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 19 19 10 10 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin ablative prepositions",
          "parents": [
            "Ablative prepositions",
            "Prepositions",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "down from"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-e6J3dqjX",
      "links": [
        [
          "down",
          "down"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating ablation): down from"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating ablation",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 19 19 10 10 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin ablative prepositions",
          "parents": [
            "Ablative prepositions",
            "Prepositions",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 8 39 41 0 0 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The king is saluted by his men.",
          "ref": "c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4",
          "text": "Rex ab suis appellatur."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(source of action or event) by, by means of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-3v2bEkLz",
      "links": [
        [
          "agency",
          "agency"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "by means of",
          "by means of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating agency",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 19 19 10 10 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin ablative prepositions",
          "parents": [
            "Ablative prepositions",
            "Prepositions",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 8 39 41 0 0 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.",
          "ref": "106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92",
          "text": "Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(source of action or event) by, by means of, with"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep--vl7CpI0",
      "links": [
        [
          "instrumentality",
          "instrumentality"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "by means of",
          "by means of"
        ],
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating instrumentality",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.",
          "roman": "Homo sum, humani nihil ā me alienum puto.",
          "text": "Heauton Timorumenos (“The Self-Tormentor”) by Publius Terentius Afer"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to, with"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-nQumxTJ6",
      "links": [
        [
          "association",
          "association"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to"
        ],
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating association): to, with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating association",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "at, on, in"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-5tGcRd-w",
      "links": [
        [
          "location",
          "location"
        ],
        [
          "at",
          "at"
        ],
        [
          "on",
          "on"
        ],
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating location): at, on, in"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating location",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "15 11 19 19 10 10 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin ablative prepositions",
          "parents": [
            "Ablative prepositions",
            "Prepositions",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 14 17 17 11 11 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "after, since"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-la-prep-g9RJuVJe",
      "links": [
        [
          "after",
          "after"
        ],
        [
          "since",
          "since"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(time) after, since"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-ablative"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "time"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[äb]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[äb]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "not used before a vowel or h",
      "word": "ā"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "exclusively used before the pronoun te",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "abs"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "af"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "100 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "53 47",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "or"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-lv-conj-cXVRejcL",
      "links": [
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) or"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "vai"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "53 47",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "around"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-lv-prep-pKAMhA~D",
      "links": [
        [
          "around",
          "around"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) around"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ap"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "a'b",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abḑi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūdõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abkõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūdõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abži",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "absõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abši",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abstõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abšti",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "noun",
        "head": "a'b"
      },
      "expansion": "a'b",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "liv",
          "name": "Anatomy",
          "orig": "liv:Anatomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "73 27",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "recoiled, flinched (lit. \"head is drawn in shoulders\")",
          "roman": "pǟ um abūd vaisõ sizzõl viedtõd",
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "shoulder"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-liv-noun-ifRdTIFy",
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "shoulder",
          "shoulder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) shoulder"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "37 63",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian words with broken tone",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "help"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-liv-noun-EGpYQvxf",
      "links": [
        [
          "help",
          "help"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "abha",
            "3": "abhainn"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: abha, abhainn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: abha, abhainn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "awin"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: awin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: awin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "abhainn"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: abhainn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: abhainn"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "aub"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish aub",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*abū"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *abū",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "aba",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "ab f (genitive aba)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "b"
      },
      "name": "mga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "river"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-mga-noun-X1qO2PE5",
      "links": [
        [
          "river",
          "river"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "aband"
        },
        {
          "word": "abann"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "gross, tasteless",
      "word": "abgeschmackt"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "grossness, tastelessness",
      "word": "abgeschmackthet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "from"
      },
      "expansion": "German ab (“from”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ab (“of”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, away from"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From German ab (“from”), from Middle High German ab, from Old High German ab (“of”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "nb",
          "name": "Economics",
          "orig": "nb:Economics",
          "parents": [
            "Social sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "from Frankfurt",
          "text": "ab Frankfurt",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "from inventory",
          "text": "ab varelager",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "from factory",
          "text": "ab fabrikk",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-nb-prep-YDHjBqDy",
      "links": [
        [
          "economics",
          "economics"
        ],
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(economics) from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "economics",
        "science",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "nb",
          "name": "Economics",
          "orig": "nb:Economics",
          "parents": [
            "Social sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "as of May",
          "text": "ab mai",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "as of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-nb-prep-YAl-e4cm",
      "links": [
        [
          "economics",
          "economics"
        ],
        [
          "as of",
          "as of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(economics, obsolete) as of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "economics",
        "science",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "from, away from, on, in"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a‧b",
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Only used in ab ovo (“ab ovo”)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-nb-prep-R1wj65E0",
      "links": [
        [
          "ab ovo",
          "ab ovo#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑːbə/",
      "tags": [
        "modern"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑˈbeː/",
      "note": "older"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːbə"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    },
    {
      "audio": "nb-ab1.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/33/Nb-ab1.ogg/Nb-ab1.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/Nb-ab1.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    },
    {
      "audio": "nb-ab2.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b7/Nb-ab2.ogg/Nb-ab2.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/Nb-ab2.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "avbetaling",
        "3": "",
        "4": "installment"
      },
      "expansion": "avbetaling (“installment”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "avbetale",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to pay off"
      },
      "expansion": "avbetale (“to pay off”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "av",
        "3": "betale"
      },
      "expansion": "av + betale",
      "name": "compound"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "av",
        "3": "",
        "4": "of, from, by, off"
      },
      "expansion": "av (“of, from, by, off”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "af",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from, off, by"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away from"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "betale",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pay, purchase"
      },
      "expansion": "betale (“pay, purchase”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "betalen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from, off, by"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "-ing",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-ing"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing (“-ing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "-ingr",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse -ingr m",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "-ingi",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "-ingi m",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "-ing",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing f",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ingō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ingō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-ungō"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ungō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”), verbal noun form of avbetale (“to pay off”), a compound of av + betale, first part av (“of, from, by, off”), from Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) + second part betale (“pay, purchase”), from Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”), last part is the suffix -ing (“-ing”), from Old Norse -ingr m, -ingi m, -ing f, from Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "installment",
          "word": "avbetaling"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "ab-kjøp"
        },
        {
          "word": "ab-kontrakt"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "furniture and washing machine on installments",
          "ref": "1974, Kari Bakke, Gråspurven, page 22",
          "text": "møbler og vaskemaskin på AB",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”)."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-nb-noun-XK9Wew0P",
      "links": [
        [
          "avbetaling",
          "avbetaling#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”)."
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "pay in installments",
          "word": "avbetale"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Occitan",
  "lang_code": "oc",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Guardiol",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Occitan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Occitan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-oc-prep-BpW1Y6ze",
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Guardiol) with"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "amb"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Gascon"
          ],
          "word": "dab"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Aranese",
            "Gascon"
          ],
          "word": "damb"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Provençal"
          ],
          "word": "ambé"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Niçard",
            "Provençal"
          ],
          "word": "embé"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "apud"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin apud",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Reduced form of Latin apud.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old French entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old French prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-fro-prep-BpW1Y6ze",
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(10th century) with"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods",
          "word": "avoec"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "goh-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old High German",
  "lang_code": "goh",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old High German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old High German prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-goh-prep-KDkdO8ZO",
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oc",
            "2": "amb"
          },
          "expansion": "Occitan: amb",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Occitan: amb"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ca",
            "2": "amb"
          },
          "expansion": "Catalan: amb",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Catalan: amb"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "apud"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin apud",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Reduced form of Latin apud",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Occitan",
  "lang_code": "pro",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Occitan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Occitan prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "[That] you couldn't buy with a thousand pounds of silver.",
          "ref": "c. 1000, unknown, Lo Poèma de Boecis",
          "text": "Non comprarias ab mil liuras d’argent.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-pro-prep-BpW1Y6ze",
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "prk",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Parauk",
  "lang_code": "prk",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Parauk entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Parauk terms in nonstandard scripts",
          "parents": [
            "Terms in nonstandard scripts",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to give, hand over."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-prk-verb-fJNrYbdI",
      "links": [
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ],
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "German ab",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "af"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch af",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pdc",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Pennsylvania German",
  "lang_code": "pdc",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "off"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-pdc-prep-tNxm3egG",
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 100 0",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pennsylvania German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 41 29",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pennsylvania German prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-pdc-prep-dYV6RYmZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "away"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-pdc-prep-N4zlap0U",
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xpm",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Pumpokol",
  "lang_code": "xpm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pumpokol entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pumpokol entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "xpm",
          "name": "Family",
          "orig": "xpm:Family",
          "parents": [
            "People",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "father"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-xpm-noun-iKGIHwAl",
      "links": [
        [
          "father",
          "father"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hobble"
      },
      "expansion": "English hobble",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "hobbelen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to lurch"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "happe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish happe (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "jabba",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stammer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "happla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish happla (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "10": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "plural",
        "6": "abs",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "sco-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scots",
  "lang_code": "sco",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Orkney Scots",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "impediment, hindrance, objection."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-sco-noun-E4q7KfKc",
      "links": [
        [
          "impediment",
          "impediment"
        ],
        [
          "hindrance",
          "hindrance"
        ],
        [
          "objection",
          "objection"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Orkney) impediment, hindrance, objection."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Orkney"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hobble"
      },
      "expansion": "English hobble",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "hobbelen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to lurch"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "happe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish happe (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "jabba",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stammer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "happla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish happla (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "simple past",
        "4": "abed"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (simple past abed)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scots",
  "lang_code": "sco",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Orkney Scots",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "32 68",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Scots entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to hinder"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-sco-verb-dUGYAHGv",
      "links": [
        [
          "hinder",
          "hinder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Orkney) to hinder"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Orkney"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abachan",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "10": "aba",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "17": "plural",
        "18": "abachan",
        "19": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "",
        "21": "",
        "22": "",
        "23": "",
        "24": "{{{pl4}}}",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "genitive singular",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f2accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f3accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f4accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f5accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f6accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f7accel-form": "p",
        "f8accel-form": "p",
        "f9accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "gen": "aba",
        "pl": "abachan"
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)",
      "name": "gd-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "aba"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of aba"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-gd-noun-oy2m9Ccf",
      "links": [
        [
          "aba",
          "aba#Scottish Gaelic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "sux-rom"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sumerian",
  "lang_code": "sux",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ab",
          "word": "𒀊"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian romanizations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𒀊 (ab)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-sux-romanization-84hKXyPK",
      "links": [
        [
          "𒀊",
          "𒀊#Sumerian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ab",
          "word": "𒀖"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sumerian romanizations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𒀖 (ab)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-sux-romanization-elWK66Fr",
      "links": [
        [
          "𒀖",
          "𒀖#Sumerian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ep-",
        "id": "water"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "pal",
        "3": "peo",
        "4": "ira-pro",
        "5": "iir-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "آب",
        "t": "water",
        "tr": "āb"
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "آب",
        "tr": "âb"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian آب (âb)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”), from Persian آب (âb).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "definite accusative",
        "4": "abı",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "plural",
        "8": "ablar",
        "f1accel-form": "def|acc|s",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f3accel-form": "nom|p",
        "f3request": "1",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ı",
        "2": "lar"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "tr-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-tr-noun-D0FoSQ44",
      "links": [
        [
          "poetic",
          "poetic"
        ],
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, poetic) water"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "âb"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "poetic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q256 (tur)-ToprakM-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vo",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "aber",
        "gloss": "but"
      },
      "expansion": "German aber (“but”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from German aber (“but”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vo",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Volapük",
  "lang_code": "vo",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Volapük entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "but"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-vo-conj-zcKZN4hx",
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ach"
    },
    {
      "word": "ferch"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "fab"
      },
      "expansion": "fab",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mab",
        "3": "",
        "4": "son"
      },
      "expansion": "mab (“son”)",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From fab, soft mutation of mab (“son”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "prefix"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Welsh",
  "lang_code": "cy",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Welsh entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A patronymic indicator; son of."
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-cy-prefix-OKar1co4",
      "links": [
        [
          "patronymic",
          "patronymic"
        ],
        [
          "son",
          "son"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wo",
        "2": "article"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Wolof",
  "lang_code": "wo",
  "pos": "article",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Wolof articles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Wolof entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a/an (singular indefinite article)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-wo-article-Vs6kSyns",
      "links": [
        [
          "a",
          "a"
        ],
        [
          "an",
          "an"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "*ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ab",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 51 37",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "away from, off of [+dative]",
        "away from, off of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-gem-pro-prep-l6TEw3cO",
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ],
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ],
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "away from, off of [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "of [+dative]",
        "of"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-gem-pro-prep-JTSiB7zJ",
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "of [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑβ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "aba"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "af"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "afa"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ab",
            "alt": "*ab(a)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ab(a)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*af",
            "3": "*af(a)"
          },
          "expansion": "*af(a)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ab(a), *af(a)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ob",
            "3": "æf",
            "4": "af",
            "5": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ob, æf, af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ob, æf, af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: of, off",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: of, off"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off",
            "4": "af",
            "5": "aff"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: of, off, af, aff",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: of, off, af, aff"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off"
          },
          "expansion": "English: of, off",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: of, off"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "oawe",
            "3": "ou"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: oawe, ou",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: oawe, ou"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "ôf"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: af, ôf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: af, ôf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "auf"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: auf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: auf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ava",
            "3": "af-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ava, af-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ava, af-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ave",
            "3": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ave, af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ave, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: af",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "averechts"
          },
          "expansion": "averechts",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: af (but also ave- in averechts)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "aaf",
            "3": "aof"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: aaf, aof",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: aaf, aof"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vls",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Flemish: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Flemish: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "aba"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: aba",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "rarely"
          },
          "expansion": "(rarely)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "ab",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "northern"
          },
          "expansion": "(northern)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ava"
          },
          "expansion": "ava",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "af",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: aba; (rarely) ab; (northern) ava, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "abe",
            "3": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: abe, ab",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "northern"
          },
          "expansion": "(northern)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ave"
          },
          "expansion": "ave",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "af",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: abe, ab; (northern) ave, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אָפּ"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אָפּ (op)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אָפּ (op)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᚨᛒ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛒ (*ab)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛒ (*ab)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: af\nIcelandic: af\nFaroese: av\nNorn: av\nElfdalian: åv\nOld Swedish: af, āf, aff\nSwedish: av, af (pre-1906 spelling; remains in surnames)\nDanish: af\nNorwegian Bokmål: av",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: af\nIcelandic: af\nFaroese: av\nNorn: av\nElfdalian: åv\nOld Swedish: af, āf, aff\nSwedish: av, af (pre-1906 spelling; remains in surnames)\nDanish: af\nNorwegian Bokmål: av"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐍆 (af)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐍆 (af)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ab",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "away"
      ],
      "id": "en-ab-gem-pro-adv-N4zlap0U",
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑβ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "aba"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "af"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "afa"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aib",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "آب",
        "tr": "âb"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian آب (âb)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Persian آب (âb).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "aib",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Aynu",
  "lang_code": "aib",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Aynu entries with incorrect language header",
        "Aynu lemmas",
        "Aynu nouns",
        "Aynu terms borrowed from Persian",
        "Aynu terms derived from Persian",
        "Aynu terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "loanword",
        "2": "Borrowed"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "fa-cls",
        "3": "آب",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Classical Persian آب (āb)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "az",
        "2": "fa-cls",
        "3": "آب"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb)",
      "name": "bor+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Classical Persian آب (āb).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "az-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablara",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablardan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abların",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "az-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abım",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarım",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abların",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınız",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abları",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarını",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abıma",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarıma",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınıza",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarına",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarında",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarından",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abımızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarımızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abınızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarınızın",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-single",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarının",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "possessed-many",
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "az-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "c"
      },
      "name": "az-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Azerbaijani",
  "lang_code": "az",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "topics": [
        "climate",
        "meteorology",
        "climatology",
        "natural-sciences"
      ],
      "word": "ab-hava"
    },
    {
      "english": "sky-blue",
      "word": "abı"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Azerbaijani entries with incorrect language header",
        "Azerbaijani lemmas",
        "Azerbaijani nouns",
        "Azerbaijani terms borrowed from Classical Persian",
        "Azerbaijani terms derived from Classical Persian",
        "Azerbaijani terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Azerbaijani terms with audio links",
        "Classical Azerbaijani"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Classical Azerbaijani",
          "Classical Azerbaijani"
        ],
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Classical Azerbaijani) water"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "su"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Azerbaijani",
        "Classical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ɑb]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9292 (aze)-Zardabi Bakuvi-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/59/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/59/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav/LL-Q9292_%28aze%29-Zardabi_Bakuvi-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Baku"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Baku)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "beu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Blagar",
  "lang_code": "beu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Blagar entries with incorrect language header",
        "Blagar lemmas",
        "Blagar nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "fish"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fish",
          "fish"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "amb"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Catalan 1-syllable words",
        "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
        "Catalan lemmas",
        "Catalan obsolete forms",
        "Catalan prepositions",
        "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Obsolete form of amb."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "amb",
          "amb#Catalan"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "note": "Before a voiced consonant or a vowel"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/aβ/",
      "note": "Before a voiced consonant or a vowel in betacist dialects"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "crh",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Persian [Term?]",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Persian [Term?]",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "crh-decl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnıñ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarnıñ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abğa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarğa",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarnı",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablarda",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abdan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablardan",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "crh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a"
      },
      "name": "crh-decl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Crimean Tatar",
  "lang_code": "crh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Crimean Tatar entries with incorrect language header",
        "Crimean Tatar lemmas",
        "Crimean Tatar nouns",
        "Crimean Tatar terms borrowed from Persian",
        "Crimean Tatar terms derived from Persian",
        "Persian term requests"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "suv"
        },
        {
          "word": "su"
        },
        {
          "word": "bum-bum"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish lemmas",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish prepositions",
    "Danish terms derived from Latin",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab (“of, from”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab (“of, from”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "ex (out of, sold from)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ex",
          "ex"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "from (with the origin in time)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɑb̥]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Danish non-lemma forms",
    "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Danish verb forms"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "abe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to ape, mimic"
      },
      "expansion": "abe (“to ape, mimic”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "See abe (“to ape, mimic”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "abe"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of abe"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "abe",
          "abe#Danish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/aːb/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[æːˀb̥]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-ecg",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "East Central German",
  "lang_code": "gmw-ecg",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "East Central German entries with incorrect language header",
        "East Central German lemmas",
        "East Central German particles",
        "Silesian East Central German"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "negative particle, do not"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian) negative particle, do not"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Silesian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yuy",
        "2": "xgn-pro",
        "3": "*ab-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *ab-",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mn",
        "2": "авах"
      },
      "expansion": "Mongolian авах (avax)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Mongolic *ab-, compare Mongolian авах (avax).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "yuy",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "East Yugur",
  "lang_code": "yuy",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "East Yugur entries with incorrect language header",
        "East Yugur lemmas",
        "East Yugur terms derived from Proto-Mongolic",
        "East Yugur terms inherited from Proto-Mongolic",
        "East Yugur terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "East Yugur terms with usage examples",
        "East Yugur verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "If you tell a lie I will skin you [take your skin].",
          "text": "Ci ghudal kelese bu cini arasini xuulj' abqu.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to take"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "take",
          "take"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/abqʰə/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[aβqʰə]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "abdominal"
      },
      "expansion": "abdominal",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "muscles"
      },
      "expansion": "muscles",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of abdominal muscles.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English informal terms",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, H. Peter Steeves, The Things Themselves, page 75",
          "text": "The bikinied models in most of the ESPN2 shows have abs. Many of the malnourished bikinied models in the commercials have visible rib cages. How did the two get conflated into a shared vision of beauty?",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Bill Geiger, \"6-pack Abs in 9 Weeks\", Reps! 17:106",
          "text": "When possible, do your ab workout on a day when you're not training a major muscle group […] ."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "abdominal muscle."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "abdominal muscle",
          "abdominal muscle"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(informal) abdominal muscle."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "zh",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "fùjī",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "腹肌"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "ventromuskolo"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "vatsalihas"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "abdo"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "Bauchmuskeln"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ふっきん",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "fukkin",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "腹筋"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "mięsień prosty brzucha"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "press",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "пресс"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "múi"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "múi cơ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "abdominal muscle",
      "word": "cơ bụng"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "abscess"
      },
      "expansion": "abscess",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of abscess.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English slang"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "abscess",
          "abscess"
        ],
        [
          "heroin",
          "heroin"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(slang) An abscess caused by injecting an illegal drug, usually heroin."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "slang"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English nouns with unknown or uncertain plurals",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (third-person singular simple present abs, present participle abbing, simple past and past participle abbed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English informal terms",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Climbing"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1998, Climbing, numbers 178-180, page 22",
          "text": "I had a climbing rope in my pack, set up an abseil with it, and abbed down to him.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To abseil."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "climbing",
          "climbing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "abseil",
          "abseil"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(climbing, informal) To abseil."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "climbing",
        "hobbies",
        "lifestyle",
        "sports"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "abort"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English abbreviations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of abort."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "abort",
          "abort#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English nouns with unknown or uncertain plurals",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "abortion"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English abbreviations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of abortion."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "abortion",
          "abortion#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English nouns with unknown or uncertain plurals",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "prepositions",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-preposition"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "about"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English abbreviations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of about."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adverbs",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English nouns with unknown or uncertain plurals",
    "English prepositions",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "en-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "about"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English abbreviations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of about."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "about",
          "about#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:English/æb",
    "Rhymes:English/æb/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "From the spelling books and the fact that it was the first of the letter combinations.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "American English"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The early stages of; the beginning process; the start."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(US) The early stages of; the beginning process; the start."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/æb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/26/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-ab.wav.mp3",
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      "tags": [
        "Southern-England"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Southern England)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "German 1-syllable words",
    "German adjectives",
    "German entries with incorrect language header",
    "German lemmas",
    "German prepositions",
    "German terms derived from Middle High German",
    "German terms derived from Old High German",
    "German terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "German terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "German terms inherited from Middle High German",
    "German terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "German uncomparable adjectives",
    "Rhymes:German/ap",
    "Rhymes:German/ap/1 syllable"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "ab und zu"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "abe, ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German abe, ab",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle High German abe, ab, from Old High German ab, from Proto-West Germanic *ab, from Proto-Germanic *ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "German terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Available from today.",
          "text": "Ab heute verfügbar.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "beginning at that time or location; from"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑp/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb̥/",
      "note": "Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ap"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "German 1-syllable words",
    "German adjectives",
    "German entries with incorrect language header",
    "German lemmas",
    "German terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "German uncomparable adjectives",
    "Rhymes:German/ap",
    "Rhymes:German/ap/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From adverbial use of the preposition in verbs such as abschlagen, abgehen etc. Compare English off.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "nonstandard",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "de-adecl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "predicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "strong",
        "without-article"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "das abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "des abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "des abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "der abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "den abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "den abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "das abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "die abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "includes-article",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abber",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eine abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keine abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eines abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einer abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eines abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keiner abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einer abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einem abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keinen abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "einen abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "masculine",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eine abbe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ein abbes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "keine abben",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "includes-article",
        "indefinite",
        "mixed",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (strong nominative masculine singular (nonstandard) abber, not comparable)",
      "name": "de-adj"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stem:abb􂀿nonstandard􂁀"
      },
      "name": "de-adecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "abseits"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "German colloquialisms",
        "German terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The arm is (hewn) off.",
          "text": "Der Arm ist ab.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial, predicative) off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "not-comparable",
        "predicative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "German nonstandard terms",
        "German terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The (hewn) off arm has disappeared.",
          "text": "Der abbe Arm ist verschwunden.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(nonstandard, attributive) off; not attached to anything anymore"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "attributive",
        "nonstandard",
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑp/",
      "tags": [
        "Germany"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb̥/",
      "note": "Switzerland, Austro-Bavarian"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ap"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Indonesian lemmas",
    "Indonesian nouns",
    "Indonesian terms with redundant script codes",
    "Requests for plural forms in Indonesian entries"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abku",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "possessive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abmu",
      "tags": [
        "possessive",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abnya",
      "tags": [
        "possessive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (first-person possessive abku, second-person possessive abmu, third-person possessive abnya)",
      "name": "id-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "small pot"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "father (aba)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "aba",
          "aba"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dated) father (aba)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ia",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Interlingua",
  "lang_code": "ia",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Interlingua entries with incorrect language header",
        "Interlingua lemmas",
        "Interlingua prepositions"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Irish entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "Irish lemmas",
    "Irish links with manual fragments",
    "Irish links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Irish masculine nouns",
    "Irish nouns",
    "Irish particles",
    "Irish terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "Irish terms derived from Aramaic",
    "Irish terms derived from Latin",
    "Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Irish third-declension nouns",
    "ga:Monasticism"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "ring finger",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "mac an aba"
    },
    {
      "english": "the next in rank to the abbot",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tánaiste an aba"
    },
    {
      "english": "lord abbot",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tiarna aba"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "abbas",
        "t": "father"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin abbas (“father”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "ἀββᾶς"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "arc",
        "3": "אַבָּא",
        "t": "father",
        "tr": "’abbā"
      },
      "expansion": "Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin abbas (“father”), from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אַבָּא (’abbā, “father”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-decl-m3",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "indefinite",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-decl-m3",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an t-ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "na habaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "an aba",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "na n-abaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leis an ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "don ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leis na habaí",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "10": "",
        "11": "nominative plural",
        "12": "abaí",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive singular",
        "4": "aba",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f4request": "1",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "~a",
        "3": "~aí"
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, nominative plural abaí)",
      "name": "ga-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "b",
        "3": "ba",
        "4": "baí"
      },
      "name": "ga-decl-m3"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "ga:Christianity"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "abbot"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Christianity",
          "Christianity"
        ],
        [
          "abbot",
          "abbot"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Christianity) abbot"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "Christianity"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/abˠ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Irish entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "Irish lemmas",
    "Irish links with manual fragments",
    "Irish links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Irish particles",
    "Irish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "ga:Monasticism"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "a"
      },
      "expansion": "a",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "b’"
      },
      "expansion": "b’",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Contraction of the relative particle a and the prevocalic variant of the past/conditional copula particle b’.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ga-mut",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "eclipsis",
        "mutation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "hab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "prothesis-h"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "t-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "prothesis-t"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "msn"
      },
      "name": "ga-mut"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "particle",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "Main clauses"
    },
    {
      "word": "is"
    },
    {
      "word": "ní"
    },
    {
      "word": "an"
    },
    {
      "word": "nach"
    },
    {
      "word": "Direct relative clauses"
    },
    {
      "word": "Indirect relative clauses"
    },
    {
      "word": "ar"
    },
    {
      "word": "arbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "Other subordinate clauses"
    },
    {
      "word": "gur"
    },
    {
      "word": "gurbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "ba"
    },
    {
      "word": "b’v"
    },
    {
      "word": "níor"
    },
    {
      "word": "níorbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "arbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "nár"
    },
    {
      "word": "nárbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "abv"
    },
    {
      "word": "gurbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "gura"
    },
    {
      "word": "gurabv"
    },
    {
      "word": "nára"
    },
    {
      "word": "nárabv"
    },
    {
      "word": "Simple copular forms"
    },
    {
      "word": "cá"
    },
    {
      "word": "cár"
    },
    {
      "word": "cárbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "cárbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "cé"
    },
    {
      "word": "cér"
    },
    {
      "word": "cérbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "cérbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "dá"
    },
    {
      "word": "dá mba"
    },
    {
      "word": "dá mb’v"
    },
    {
      "word": "de/do"
    },
    {
      "word": "dar"
    },
    {
      "word": "darbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "darbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "faoi"
    },
    {
      "word": "faoinar"
    },
    {
      "word": "faoinarbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "faoinarbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "i"
    },
    {
      "word": "inar"
    },
    {
      "word": "inarbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "inarbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "le"
    },
    {
      "word": "lenar"
    },
    {
      "word": "lenarbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "lenarbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "má"
    },
    {
      "word": "más"
    },
    {
      "word": "má ba"
    },
    {
      "word": "má b’v"
    },
    {
      "word": "mura"
    },
    {
      "word": "murabv"
    },
    {
      "word": "murar"
    },
    {
      "word": "murarbhv"
    },
    {
      "english": "prep.",
      "word": "ó"
    },
    {
      "word": "ónar"
    },
    {
      "word": "ónarbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "ónarbhv"
    },
    {
      "roman": "conj.",
      "word": "ó"
    },
    {
      "word": "ós"
    },
    {
      "word": "ó ba"
    },
    {
      "word": "ó b’v"
    },
    {
      "word": "trí"
    },
    {
      "word": "trínar"
    },
    {
      "word": "trínarbv"
    },
    {
      "word": "trínarbhv"
    },
    {
      "word": "Compound copular forms"
    },
    {
      "word": "v Used before vowel sounds"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "used in relative clauses before a vowel sound",
          "word": "ba"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Irish terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "He was a good man.",
          "text": "Fear maith ab ea é.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "a boy (who was) taller than my brother",
          "text": "buachaill ab áirde ná mo dheartháir",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of ba (used in relative clauses before a vowel sound)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ba",
          "ba#Irish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əbˠ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "K'iche' entries with incorrect language header",
    "K'iche' lemmas",
    "K'iche' nouns",
    "K'iche' terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "quc",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "K'iche'",
  "lang_code": "quc",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "hammock"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hammock",
          "hammock"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "steam"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "steam",
          "steam"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "mist"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "mist",
          "mist"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/aːɓ/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bmh",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Kein",
  "lang_code": "bmh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Kein entries with incorrect language header",
        "Kein lemmas",
        "Kein nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "fire"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "fire",
          "fire"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latin 1-syllable words",
    "Latin ablative prepositions",
    "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latin lemmas",
    "Latin prepositions",
    "Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic",
    "Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic",
    "Latin terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fr",
            "2": "à"
          },
          "expansion": "French: à",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "French: à"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "it",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Italian: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Italian: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "es",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Spanish: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Spanish: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pt",
            "2": "a"
          },
          "expansion": "Portuguese: a",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Portuguese: a"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "a",
            "3": "ab",
            "lbor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: a, ab (learned)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: a, ab (learned)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*ap"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *ap",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "of"
      },
      "expansion": "of",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "after"
      },
      "expansion": "after",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "po-"
      },
      "expansion": "po-",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ᾰ̓πό"
      },
      "expansion": "ᾰ̓πό (apó)",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with ᾰ̓πό (apó).\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ablative"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (+ ablative)",
      "name": "la-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "prep",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "abhinc"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1",
          "roman": "The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.",
          "text": "Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from, away from, out of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ],
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ],
        [
          "out",
          "out"
        ],
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating ablation",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "down from"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "down",
          "down"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating ablation): down from"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating ablation",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The king is saluted by his men.",
          "ref": "c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4",
          "text": "Rex ab suis appellatur."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(source of action or event) by, by means of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "agency",
          "agency"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "by means of",
          "by means of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating agency",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.",
          "ref": "106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92",
          "text": "Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(source of action or event) by, by means of, with"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "instrumentality",
          "instrumentality"
        ],
        [
          "by",
          "by"
        ],
        [
          "by means of",
          "by means of"
        ],
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating instrumentality",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.",
          "roman": "Homo sum, humani nihil ā me alienum puto.",
          "text": "Heauton Timorumenos (“The Self-Tormentor”) by Publius Terentius Afer"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to, with"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "association",
          "association"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to"
        ],
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating association): to, with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating association",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "at, on, in"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "location",
          "location"
        ],
        [
          "at",
          "at"
        ],
        [
          "on",
          "on"
        ],
        [
          "in",
          "in"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(indicating location): at, on, in"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "indicating location",
        "with-ablative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "after, since"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "after",
          "after"
        ],
        [
          "since",
          "since"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(time) after, since"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-ablative"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "time"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[äb]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[äb]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "not used before a vowel or h",
      "word": "ā"
    },
    {
      "english": "exclusively used before the pronoun te",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "abs"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "af"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latvian conjunctions",
    "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latvian lemmas",
    "Latvian prepositions"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latvian terms with archaic senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "or"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "or",
          "or"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) or"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "vai"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latvian conjunctions",
    "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latvian lemmas",
    "Latvian prepositions"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latvian terms with archaic senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "around"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "around",
          "around"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) around"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ap"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Livonian lemmas",
    "Livonian nouns",
    "Livonian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Livonian words with broken tone"
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "a'b",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liv-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūd",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abḑi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūdõn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abkõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abūdõks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abbõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abži",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "absõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abši",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abstõ",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abst",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abšti",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "noun",
        "head": "a'b"
      },
      "expansion": "a'b",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "liv:Anatomy"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "recoiled, flinched (lit. \"head is drawn in shoulders\")",
          "roman": "pǟ um abūd vaisõ sizzõl viedtõd",
          "text": "Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "shoulder"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "anatomy",
          "anatomy"
        ],
        [
          "shoulder",
          "shoulder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(anatomy) shoulder"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "help"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "help",
          "help"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑb/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ga",
            "2": "abha",
            "3": "abhainn"
          },
          "expansion": "Irish: abha, abhainn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Irish: abha, abhainn"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gv",
            "2": "awin"
          },
          "expansion": "Manx: awin",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Manx: awin"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gd",
            "2": "abhainn"
          },
          "expansion": "Scottish Gaelic: abhainn",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scottish Gaelic: abhainn"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "aub"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish aub",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "cel-pro",
        "3": "*abū"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *abū",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish aub, from Proto-Celtic *abū.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mga-mutation",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-radical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "n-ab",
      "source": "mutation",
      "tags": [
        "mutation",
        "mutation-nasal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mga",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "aba",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "ab f (genitive aba)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "a",
        "2": "b"
      },
      "name": "mga-mutation"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Irish",
  "lang_code": "mga",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Irish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Middle Irish feminine nouns",
        "Middle Irish lemmas",
        "Middle Irish nouns",
        "Middle Irish terms derived from Old Irish",
        "Middle Irish terms derived from Proto-Celtic",
        "Middle Irish terms inherited from Old Irish",
        "Middle Irish terms inherited from Proto-Celtic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "river"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "river",
          "river"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "aband"
    },
    {
      "word": "abann"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "gross, tasteless",
      "word": "abgeschmackt"
    },
    {
      "english": "grossness, tastelessness",
      "word": "abgeschmackthet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "from"
      },
      "expansion": "German ab (“from”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ab (“of”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, away from"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From German ab (“from”), from Middle High German ab, from Old High German ab (“of”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away, away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Norwegian Bokmål terms with usage examples",
        "nb:Economics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "from Frankfurt",
          "text": "ab Frankfurt",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "from inventory",
          "text": "ab varelager",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "from factory",
          "text": "ab fabrikk",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "economics",
          "economics"
        ],
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(economics) from; (i.e. delivered) for the seller's expense at a location and forwarded for the buyer's expense"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "economics",
        "science",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Norwegian Bokmål terms with obsolete senses",
        "Norwegian Bokmål terms with usage examples",
        "nb:Economics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "as of May",
          "text": "ab mai",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "as of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "economics",
          "economics"
        ],
        [
          "as of",
          "as of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(economics, obsolete) as of"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "economics",
        "science",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "from, away from, on, in"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *ab",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab (“from, away from, on, in”), from Proto-Italic *ab, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a‧b",
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Only used in ab ovo (“ab ovo”)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ab ovo",
          "ab ovo#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɑːbə/",
      "tags": [
        "modern"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑˈbeː/",
      "note": "older"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːbə"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-eː"
    },
    {
      "audio": "nb-ab1.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/33/Nb-ab1.ogg/Nb-ab1.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/33/Nb-ab1.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    },
    {
      "audio": "nb-ab2.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b7/Nb-ab2.ogg/Nb-ab2.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/Nb-ab2.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "ab-kjøp"
    },
    {
      "word": "ab-kontrakt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "avbetaling",
        "3": "",
        "4": "installment"
      },
      "expansion": "avbetaling (“installment”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "avbetale",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to pay off"
      },
      "expansion": "avbetale (“to pay off”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "av",
        "3": "betale"
      },
      "expansion": "av + betale",
      "name": "compound"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "av",
        "3": "",
        "4": "of, from, by, off"
      },
      "expansion": "av (“of, from, by, off”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "af",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from, off, by"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away from"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó",
        "4": "",
        "5": "off, away"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "betale",
        "3": "",
        "4": "pay, purchase"
      },
      "expansion": "betale (“pay, purchase”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "betalen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "of, from, off, by"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "-ing",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-ing"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing (“-ing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "-ingr",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse -ingr m",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "-ingi",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "-ingi m",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "-ing",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-ing f",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-ingō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-ingō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "*-ungō"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ungō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”), verbal noun form of avbetale (“to pay off”), a compound of av + betale, first part av (“of, from, by, off”), from Old Norse af (“of, from, off, by”), from Proto-Germanic *ab (“away from”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó (“off, away”) + second part betale (“pay, purchase”), from Middle Low German betalen (“of, from, off, by”), last part is the suffix -ing (“-ing”), from Old Norse -ingr m, -ingi m, -ing f, from Proto-Germanic *-ingō, *-ungō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "pay in installments",
      "word": "avbetale"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "installment",
          "word": "avbetaling"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Norwegian Bokmål abbreviations",
        "Norwegian Bokmål colloquialisms",
        "Norwegian Bokmål terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "furniture and washing machine on installments",
          "ref": "1974, Kari Bakke, Gråspurven, page 22",
          "text": "møbler og vaskemaskin på AB",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "avbetaling",
          "avbetaling#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial) Abbreviation of avbetaling (“installment”)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of",
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑːb/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɑːb"
    },
    {
      "audio": "NB - Pronunciation of Norwegian Bokmål «ab».ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/72/NB_-_Pronunciation_of_Norwegian_Bokm%C3%A5l_%C2%ABab%C2%BB.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "nb:AB"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ab",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Occitan",
  "lang_code": "oc",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Guardiol",
        "Occitan entries with incorrect language header",
        "Occitan lemmas",
        "Occitan prepositions",
        "Occitan terms derived from Latin",
        "Occitan terms inherited from Latin"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Guardiol) with"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "amb"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Gascon"
      ],
      "word": "dab"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Aranese",
        "Gascon"
      ],
      "word": "damb"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Provençal"
      ],
      "word": "ambé"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Niçard",
        "Provençal"
      ],
      "word": "embé"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "apud"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin apud",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Reduced form of Latin apud.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old French entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old French lemmas",
        "Old French prepositions",
        "Old French terms derived from Latin"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(10th century) with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used throughout Old French into the Middle and modern French periods",
      "word": "avoec"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ab"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ab",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *ab.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "preposition",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "goh-prep"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old High German",
  "lang_code": "goh",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old High German entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old High German lemmas",
        "Old High German prepositions",
        "Old High German terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Old High German terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "oc",
            "2": "amb"
          },
          "expansion": "Occitan: amb",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Occitan: amb"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ca",
            "2": "amb"
          },
          "expansion": "Catalan: amb",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Catalan: amb"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "apud"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin apud",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Reduced form of Latin apud",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Occitan",
  "lang_code": "pro",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old Occitan entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old Occitan lemmas",
        "Old Occitan prepositions",
        "Old Occitan terms derived from Latin",
        "Old Occitan terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "[That] you couldn't buy with a thousand pounds of silver.",
          "ref": "c. 1000, unknown, Lo Poèma de Boecis",
          "text": "Non comprarias ab mil liuras d’argent.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "with"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "with",
          "with"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "prk",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Parauk",
  "lang_code": "prk",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Parauk entries with incorrect language header",
        "Parauk lemmas",
        "Parauk terms in nonstandard scripts",
        "Parauk terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Parauk verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to give, hand over."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ],
        [
          "over",
          "over"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ap/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pennsylvania German entries with incorrect language header",
    "Pennsylvania German lemmas",
    "Pennsylvania German prepositions"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "ab"
      },
      "expansion": "German ab",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "af"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch af",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "off"
      },
      "expansion": "English off",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Compare German ab, Dutch af, English off.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pdc",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Pennsylvania German",
  "lang_code": "pdc",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "off"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "from"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "away"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "*ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ab",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "away from, off of [+dative]",
        "away from, off of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ],
        [
          "from",
          "from"
        ],
        [
          "off",
          "off"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "away from, off of [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "of [+dative]",
        "of"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "of",
          "of"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "of [+dative]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑβ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "aba"
    },
    {
      "word": "af"
    },
    {
      "word": "afa"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic prepositions",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ab",
            "alt": "*ab(a)"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ab(a)",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*af",
            "3": "*af(a)"
          },
          "expansion": "*af(a)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ab(a), *af(a)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ob",
            "3": "æf",
            "4": "af",
            "5": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ob, æf, af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ob, æf, af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: of, off",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: of, off"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off",
            "4": "af",
            "5": "aff"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: of, off, af, aff",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: of, off, af, aff"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "of",
            "3": "off"
          },
          "expansion": "English: of, off",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: of, off"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "stq",
            "2": "oawe",
            "3": "ou"
          },
          "expansion": "Saterland Frisian: oawe, ou",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Saterland Frisian: oawe, ou"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fy",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "ôf"
          },
          "expansion": "West Frisian: af, ôf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Frisian: af, ôf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nds",
            "2": "af",
            "3": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Low German: af, of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Low German: af, of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "pdt",
            "2": "auf"
          },
          "expansion": "Plautdietsch: auf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Plautdietsch: auf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ava",
            "3": "af-"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ava, af-",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ava, af-"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ave",
            "3": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ave, af",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ave, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Dutch: af",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "averechts"
          },
          "expansion": "averechts",
          "name": "m"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Dutch: af (but also ave- in averechts)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "li",
            "2": "aaf",
            "3": "aof"
          },
          "expansion": "Limburgish: aaf, aof",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Limburgish: aaf, aof"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "vls",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "West Flemish: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "West Flemish: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "aba"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: aba",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "rarely"
          },
          "expansion": "(rarely)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "ab",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "northern"
          },
          "expansion": "(northern)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ava"
          },
          "expansion": "ava",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "af",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: aba; (rarely) ab; (northern) ava, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "abe",
            "3": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: abe, ab",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "northern"
          },
          "expansion": "(northern)",
          "name": "q"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "ave"
          },
          "expansion": "ave",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "af",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: abe, ab; (northern) ave, af"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "German: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "ab"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: ab"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "lb",
            "2": "of"
          },
          "expansion": "Luxembourgish: of",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Luxembourgish: of"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yi",
            "2": "אָפּ"
          },
          "expansion": "Yiddish: אָפּ (op)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yiddish: אָפּ (op)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᚨᛒ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛒ (*ab)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛒ (*ab)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "af"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: af\nIcelandic: af\nFaroese: av\nNorn: av\nElfdalian: åv\nOld Swedish: af, āf, aff\nSwedish: av, af (pre-1906 spelling; remains in surnames)\nDanish: af\nNorwegian Bokmål: av",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: af\nIcelandic: af\nFaroese: av\nNorn: av\nElfdalian: åv\nOld Swedish: af, āf, aff\nSwedish: av, af (pre-1906 spelling; remains in surnames)\nDanish: af\nNorwegian Bokmål: av"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐍆"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐍆 (af)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐍆 (af)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂epó"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ab",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "away"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "away",
          "away"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑβ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "aba"
    },
    {
      "word": "af"
    },
    {
      "word": "afa"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xpm",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Pumpokol",
  "lang_code": "xpm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Pumpokol entries with incorrect language header",
        "Pumpokol entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Pumpokol lemmas",
        "Pumpokol nouns",
        "xpm:Family"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "father"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "father",
          "father"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Scots entries with incorrect language header",
    "Scots lemmas",
    "Scots nouns",
    "Scots terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Scots terms with unknown etymologies",
    "Scots verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hobble"
      },
      "expansion": "English hobble",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "hobbelen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to lurch"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "happe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish happe (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "jabba",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stammer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "happla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish happla (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abs",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "10": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "plural",
        "6": "abs",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab (plural abs)",
      "name": "sco-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scots",
  "lang_code": "sco",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Orkney Scots"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "impediment, hindrance, objection."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "impediment",
          "impediment"
        ],
        [
          "hindrance",
          "hindrance"
        ],
        [
          "objection",
          "objection"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Orkney) impediment, hindrance, objection."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Orkney"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Scots entries with incorrect language header",
    "Scots lemmas",
    "Scots nouns",
    "Scots terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Scots terms with unknown etymologies",
    "Scots verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hobble"
      },
      "expansion": "English hobble",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "hobbelen",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to lurch"
      },
      "expansion": "Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "happe",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish happe (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "jabba",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stammer"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "happla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to stutter"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish happla (“to stutter”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Compare English hobble, Dutch hobbelen (“to lurch”), Danish happe (“to stutter”), Norwegian jabba (“to stammer”) and colloquial Swedish happla (“to stutter”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sco",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "simple past",
        "4": "abed"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (simple past abed)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scots",
  "lang_code": "sco",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Orkney Scots"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to hinder"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hinder",
          "hinder"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Orkney) to hinder"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Orkney"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "aba",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "abachan",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "10": "aba",
        "11": "",
        "12": "",
        "13": "",
        "14": "",
        "15": "",
        "16": "",
        "17": "plural",
        "18": "abachan",
        "19": "",
        "2": "noun",
        "20": "",
        "21": "",
        "22": "",
        "23": "",
        "24": "{{{pl4}}}",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "9": "genitive singular",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f2accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f3accel-form": "dat|s",
        "f4accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f5accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f6accel-form": "gen|s",
        "f7accel-form": "p",
        "f8accel-form": "p",
        "f9accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "gen": "aba",
        "pl": "abachan"
      },
      "expansion": "ab m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)",
      "name": "gd-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "aba"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Scottish Gaelic lemmas",
        "Scottish Gaelic masculine nouns",
        "Scottish Gaelic nouns",
        "gd-noun 2"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of aba"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "aba",
          "aba#Scottish Gaelic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sumerian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Sumerian non-lemma forms",
    "Sumerian romanizations"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sux",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "sux-rom"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sumerian",
  "lang_code": "sux",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ab",
          "word": "𒀊"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𒀊 (ab)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "𒀊",
          "𒀊#Sumerian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ab",
          "word": "𒀖"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𒀖 (ab)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "𒀖",
          "𒀖#Sumerian"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mul",
        "10": "",
        "2": "symbol",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "",
        "7": "or",
        "8": "",
        "9": "or",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1lang": "en",
        "f1nolink": "",
        "f2lang": "en",
        "f2nolink": "",
        "f3lang": "en",
        "f3nolink": "",
        "f4lang": "en",
        "f4nolink": "",
        "head": "",
        "head2": "",
        "head3": "",
        "head4": "",
        "sc": "Latn",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "mul-symbol"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Translingual",
  "lang_code": "mul",
  "pos": "symbol",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "ISO 639-1",
        "Translingual entries with incorrect language header",
        "Translingual lemmas",
        "Translingual symbols",
        "Translingual terms with redundant script codes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "language code",
          "language code"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "international standards",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Abkhaz."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ep-",
        "id": "water"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "pal",
        "3": "peo",
        "4": "ira-pro",
        "5": "iir-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "dercat"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "آب",
        "t": "water",
        "tr": "āb"
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "fa",
        "3": "آب",
        "tr": "âb"
      },
      "expansion": "Persian آب (âb)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ottoman Turkish آب (āb, “water”), from Persian آب (âb).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "abı",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ablar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "definite accusative",
        "4": "abı",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "plural",
        "8": "ablar",
        "f1accel-form": "def|acc|s",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f3accel-form": "nom|p",
        "f3request": "1",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ı",
        "2": "lar"
      },
      "expansion": "ab (definite accusative abı, plural ablar)",
      "name": "tr-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Turkish lemmas",
        "Turkish nouns",
        "Turkish poetic terms",
        "Turkish terms derived from Middle Persian",
        "Turkish terms derived from Old Persian",
        "Turkish terms derived from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Turkish terms derived from Persian",
        "Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-Iranian",
        "Turkish terms derived from Proto-Iranian",
        "Turkish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h₂ep- (water)",
        "Turkish terms inherited from Ottoman Turkish",
        "Turkish terms with audio links",
        "Turkish terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "water"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "poetic",
          "poetic"
        ],
        [
          "water",
          "water"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, poetic) water"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "poetic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q256 (tur)-ToprakM-ab.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "âb"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vo",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "aber",
        "gloss": "but"
      },
      "expansion": "German aber (“but”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from German aber (“but”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vo",
        "2": "conjunction"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Volapük",
  "lang_code": "vo",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Volapük conjunctions",
        "Volapük entries with incorrect language header",
        "Volapük lemmas",
        "Volapük terms borrowed from German",
        "Volapük terms derived from German"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "but"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ach"
    },
    {
      "word": "ferch"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "fab"
      },
      "expansion": "fab",
      "name": "l"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "mab",
        "3": "",
        "4": "son"
      },
      "expansion": "mab (“son”)",
      "name": "l"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From fab, soft mutation of mab (“son”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "prefix"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Welsh",
  "lang_code": "cy",
  "pos": "prefix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Welsh entries with incorrect language header",
        "Welsh lemmas",
        "Welsh prefixes",
        "Welsh terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A patronymic indicator; son of."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "patronymic",
          "patronymic"
        ],
        [
          "son",
          "son"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ab/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "wo",
        "2": "article"
      },
      "expansion": "ab",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Wolof",
  "lang_code": "wo",
  "pos": "article",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Wolof articles",
        "Wolof entries with incorrect language header",
        "Wolof lemmas"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a/an (singular indefinite article)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "a",
          "a"
        ],
        [
          "an",
          "an"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "ab"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1831",
  "msg": "unrecognized sense qualifier: Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "East Central German",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1831",
  "msg": "unrecognized sense qualifier: Strehlen and Schömberg, Silesian",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "East Central German",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Nominative",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Vocative",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Genitive",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Dative",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Bare forms:",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Nominative",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Genitive",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Dative",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "inflection/2466",
  "msg": "accepted heuristic header: table cell identified as header and given candidate status, AND the cleaned text is in LANGUAGES_WITH_CELLS_AS_HEADERS[Irish]; cleaned text: Forms with the definite article:",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Irish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1831",
  "msg": "unrecognized sense qualifier: Guardiol",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Occitan",
  "subsection": "preposition",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1831",
  "msg": "unrecognized sense qualifier: Guardiol",
  "path": [
    "ab"
  ],
  "section": "Occitan",
  "subsection": "preposition",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating ablation' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating ablation' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating agency' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating instrumentality' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating association' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Latin/prep: invalid tag 'indicating location' not in valid_tags (or uppercase_tags): {\"categories\": [\"Latin 1-syllable words\", \"Latin ablative prepositions\", \"Latin entries with incorrect language header\", \"Latin lemmas\", \"Latin prepositions\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms derived from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Latin terms inherited from Proto-Italic\", \"Latin terms with IPA pronunciation\"], \"descendants\": [{\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"fr\", \"2\": \"\\u00e0\"}, \"expansion\": \"French: \\u00e0\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"French: \\u00e0\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"it\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Italian: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Italian: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"es\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Spanish: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Spanish: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"pt\", \"2\": \"a\"}, \"expansion\": \"Portuguese: a\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"Portuguese: a\"}, {\"depth\": 1, \"templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"nb\", \"2\": \"a\", \"3\": \"ab\", \"lbor\": \"1\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\", \"name\": \"desc\"}], \"text\": \"\\u2192 Norwegian Bokm\\u00e5l: a, ab (learned)\"}], \"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"itc-pro\", \"3\": \"*ap\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Italic *ap\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep\\u00f3\", \"4\": \"\", \"5\": \"off, away\"}, \"expansion\": \"Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"off\"}, \"expansion\": \"English off\", \"name\": \"cog\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"of\"}, \"expansion\": \"of\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"en\", \"2\": \"after\"}, \"expansion\": \"after\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"la\", \"2\": \"po-\"}, \"expansion\": \"po-\", \"name\": \"m\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"grc\", \"2\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc\"}, \"expansion\": \"\\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3)\", \"name\": \"l\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Proto-Italic *ap, from Proto-Indo-European *h\\u2082ep\\u00f3 (\\u201coff, away\\u201d) (whence English off, of and after). See also po-. Cognate with \\u1fb0\\u0313\\u03c0\\u03cc (ap\\u00f3).\\nThe ablative is actually from the PIE ablative.\", \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"ablative\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (+ ablative)\", \"name\": \"la-prep\"}], \"lang\": \"Latin\", \"lang_code\": \"la\", \"pos\": \"prep\", \"related\": [{\"word\": \"abhinc\"}], \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1\", \"roman\": \"The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae.\", \"text\": \"Gallos ab Aquitanis Garumna flumen, a Belgis Matrona et Sequana dividit.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"from, away from, out of\"], \"links\": [[\"from\", \"from\"], [\"away\", \"away\"], [\"out\", \"out\"], [\"of\", \"of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): from, away from, out of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"down from\"], \"links\": [[\"down\", \"down\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating ablation): down from\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating ablation\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"The king is saluted by his men.\", \"ref\": \"c. 52 BCE, Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 7.4\", \"text\": \"Rex ab suis appellatur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"links\": [[\"agency\", \"agency\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating agency): (source of action or event) by, by means of\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating agency\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"categories\": [\"Latin terms with quotations\"], \"examples\": [{\"english\": \"...so that virtue might not be overwhelmed by insolence.\", \"ref\": \"106 BCE \\u2013 43 BCE, Cicero, Oration in favor of P. Sestius Pro P. Sestio Oratio.Ch. 42, sect. 92\", \"text\": \"Horum utro uti nolumus, altero est utendum. vim volumus exstingui, ius valeat necesse est, id est iudicia, quibus omne ius continetur; iudicia displicent aut nulla sunt, vis dominetur necesse est. hoc vident omnes: Milo et vidit et fecit, ut ius experiretur, vim depelleret. altero uti voluit, ut virtus audaciam vinceret; altero usus necessario est, ne virtus ab audacia vinceretur.\"}], \"glosses\": [\"(source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"links\": [[\"instrumentality\", \"instrumentality\"], [\"by\", \"by\"], [\"by means of\", \"by means of\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating instrumentality): (source of action or event) by, by means of, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating instrumentality\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"examples\": [{\"english\": \"I am a man, I consider nothing that is human alien to me.\", \"roman\": \"Homo sum, humani nihil \\u0101 me alienum puto.\", \"text\": \"Heauton Timorumenos (\\u201cThe Self-Tormentor\\u201d) by Publius Terentius Afer\"}], \"glosses\": [\"to, with\"], \"links\": [[\"association\", \"association\"], [\"to\", \"to\"], [\"with\", \"with\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating association): to, with\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating association\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"at, on, in\"], \"links\": [[\"location\", \"location\"], [\"at\", \"at\"], [\"on\", \"on\"], [\"in\", \"in\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(indicating location): at, on, in\"], \"tags\": [\"indicating location\", \"with-ablative\"]}, {\"glosses\": [\"after, since\"], \"links\": [[\"after\", \"after\"], [\"since\", \"since\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(time) after, since\"], \"tags\": [\"with-ablative\"], \"topics\": [\"time\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"tags\": [\"Classical\"]}, {\"ipa\": \"/ab/\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}, {\"ipa\": \"[\\u00e4b]\", \"note\": \"modern Italianate Ecclesiastical\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"english\": \"not used before a vowel or h\", \"word\": \"\\u0101\"}, {\"english\": \"exclusively used before the pronoun te\", \"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"abs\"}, {\"tags\": [\"archaic\"], \"word\": \"af\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Latin",
  "subsection": "prep",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Turkish/noun: 'expansion' should contain a non-empty string: {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep-\", \"id\": \"water\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"root\"}: {\"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep-\", \"id\": \"water\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"root\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"pal\", \"3\": \"peo\", \"4\": \"ira-pro\", \"5\": \"iir-pro\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"dercat\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"ota\", \"3\": \"\\u0622\\u0628\", \"t\": \"water\", \"tr\": \"\\u0101b\"}, \"expansion\": \"Ottoman Turkish \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u0101b, \\u201cwater\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"fa\", \"3\": \"\\u0622\\u0628\", \"tr\": \"\\u00e2b\"}, \"expansion\": \"Persian \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u00e2b)\", \"name\": \"der\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Ottoman Turkish \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u0101b, \\u201cwater\\u201d), from Persian \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u00e2b).\", \"forms\": [{\"form\": \"ab\\u0131\", \"tags\": [\"accusative\", \"definite\"]}, {\"form\": \"ablar\", \"tags\": [\"plural\"]}], \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"noun\", \"3\": \"definite accusative\", \"4\": \"ab\\u0131\", \"5\": \"\", \"6\": \"\", \"7\": \"plural\", \"8\": \"ablar\", \"f1accel-form\": \"def|acc|s\", \"f1request\": \"1\", \"f3accel-form\": \"nom|p\", \"f3request\": \"1\", \"head\": \"\", \"sort\": \"\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (definite accusative ab\\u0131, plural ablar)\", \"name\": \"head\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"\\u0131\", \"2\": \"lar\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (definite accusative ab\\u0131, plural ablar)\", \"name\": \"tr-noun\"}], \"lang\": \"Turkish\", \"lang_code\": \"tr\", \"pos\": \"noun\", \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Turkish entries with incorrect language header\", \"Turkish lemmas\", \"Turkish nouns\", \"Turkish poetic terms\", \"Turkish terms derived from Middle Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Old Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Ottoman Turkish\", \"Turkish terms derived from Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-Iranian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Iranian\", \"Turkish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h\\u2082ep- (water)\", \"Turkish terms inherited from Ottoman Turkish\", \"Turkish terms with audio links\", \"Turkish terms with obsolete senses\"], \"glosses\": [\"water\"], \"links\": [[\"poetic\", \"poetic\"], [\"water\", \"water\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(obsolete, poetic) water\"], \"tags\": [\"obsolete\", \"poetic\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"audio\": \"LL-Q256 (tur)-ToprakM-ab.wav\", \"mp3_url\": \"https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.mp3\", \"ogg_url\": \"https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.ogg\", \"text\": \"Audio\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"word\": \"\\u00e2b\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Turkish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "XYZunsorted",
  "msg": "ab/Turkish/noun: 'expansion' should contain a non-empty string: {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"pal\", \"3\": \"peo\", \"4\": \"ira-pro\", \"5\": \"iir-pro\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"dercat\"}: {\"etymology_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"ine-pro\", \"3\": \"*h\\u2082ep-\", \"id\": \"water\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"root\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"pal\", \"3\": \"peo\", \"4\": \"ira-pro\", \"5\": \"iir-pro\"}, \"expansion\": \"\", \"name\": \"dercat\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"ota\", \"3\": \"\\u0622\\u0628\", \"t\": \"water\", \"tr\": \"\\u0101b\"}, \"expansion\": \"Ottoman Turkish \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u0101b, \\u201cwater\\u201d)\", \"name\": \"inh\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"fa\", \"3\": \"\\u0622\\u0628\", \"tr\": \"\\u00e2b\"}, \"expansion\": \"Persian \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u00e2b)\", \"name\": \"der\"}], \"etymology_text\": \"From Ottoman Turkish \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u0101b, \\u201cwater\\u201d), from Persian \\u0622\\u0628 (\\u00e2b).\", \"forms\": [{\"form\": \"ab\\u0131\", \"tags\": [\"accusative\", \"definite\"]}, {\"form\": \"ablar\", \"tags\": [\"plural\"]}], \"head_templates\": [{\"args\": {\"1\": \"tr\", \"2\": \"noun\", \"3\": \"definite accusative\", \"4\": \"ab\\u0131\", \"5\": \"\", \"6\": \"\", \"7\": \"plural\", \"8\": \"ablar\", \"f1accel-form\": \"def|acc|s\", \"f1request\": \"1\", \"f3accel-form\": \"nom|p\", \"f3request\": \"1\", \"head\": \"\", \"sort\": \"\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (definite accusative ab\\u0131, plural ablar)\", \"name\": \"head\"}, {\"args\": {\"1\": \"\\u0131\", \"2\": \"lar\"}, \"expansion\": \"ab (definite accusative ab\\u0131, plural ablar)\", \"name\": \"tr-noun\"}], \"lang\": \"Turkish\", \"lang_code\": \"tr\", \"pos\": \"noun\", \"senses\": [{\"categories\": [\"Turkish entries with incorrect language header\", \"Turkish lemmas\", \"Turkish nouns\", \"Turkish poetic terms\", \"Turkish terms derived from Middle Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Old Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Ottoman Turkish\", \"Turkish terms derived from Persian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Indo-Iranian\", \"Turkish terms derived from Proto-Iranian\", \"Turkish terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *h\\u2082ep- (water)\", \"Turkish terms inherited from Ottoman Turkish\", \"Turkish terms with audio links\", \"Turkish terms with obsolete senses\"], \"glosses\": [\"water\"], \"links\": [[\"poetic\", \"poetic\"], [\"water\", \"water\"]], \"raw_glosses\": [\"(obsolete, poetic) water\"], \"tags\": [\"obsolete\", \"poetic\"]}], \"sounds\": [{\"audio\": \"LL-Q256 (tur)-ToprakM-ab.wav\", \"mp3_url\": \"https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.mp3\", \"ogg_url\": \"https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/9a/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav/LL-Q256_%28tur%29-ToprakM-ab.wav.ogg\", \"text\": \"Audio\"}], \"synonyms\": [{\"word\": \"\\u00e2b\"}], \"word\": \"ab\"}",
  "path": [],
  "section": "Turkish",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "ab",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.