"archaic" meaning in English

See archaic in All languages combined

Adjective

IPA: /ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [UK], /ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [US] Audio: en-us-archaic.ogg [US]
Etymology: From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”). Etymology templates: {{m|en|archaism||ancient or obsolete phrase or expression}} archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”), {{etyl|fr|en}} French, {{m|fr|archaïque|}} archaïque, {{etyl|grc|en}} Ancient Greek, {{m|grc|ἀρχαϊκός||old-fashioned}} ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), {{m|grc|ἀρχαῖος||from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old}} ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), {{m|grc|ἀρχή||beginning, origin}} ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), {{m|grc|ἄρχω||I am first}} ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), {{m|grc|ἄρχω||I begin}} ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*h₂ergʰ-||to begin, rule, command}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”) Head templates: {{en-adj}} archaic (comparative more archaic, superlative most archaic) Forms: more archaic [comparative], most archaic [superlative]
  1. Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated.
    Sense id: archaic-en-adj-ENzS34Ed Translations (old-fashioned or antiquated): arkaik (Albanian), قَدِيم‎ (qadīm) (Arabic), arxaik (Azerbaijani), архаі́чны (arxaíčny) (Belarusian), архаи́чен (arhaíčen) (Bulgarian), дре́вен (dréven) (Bulgarian), стар (star) (Bulgarian), arcaic (Catalan), 古舊的 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 古旧的 (gǔjiù de) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 古老的 (gǔlǎo de) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 過時的 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 过时的 (guòshí de) [Mandarin] (Chinese), archaický (Czech), gammeldags (Danish), fortidig (Danish), arkaisk (Danish), archaïsch (Dutch), ouderwets (Dutch), verouderd (Dutch), arkaika (Esperanto), antiikkinen (Finnish), vanhahtava (Finnish), archaïque (French), arcaico [masculine] (Galician), ძველი (ʒveli) (Georgian), ძველთაძველი (ʒveltaʒveli) (Georgian), არქაული (arkauli) (Georgian), archaisch (German), veraltet (German), απαρχαιωμένος (aparchaioménos) (Greek), αρχαϊκός (archaïkós) (Greek), gamaldags (Icelandic), arkais (Indonesian), ársa (Irish), arcaico (Italian), 初期 (shoki) (alt: しょき) (Japanese), 고대적 (godaejeok) (Korean), archaicus (Latin), veclaicīgs (Latvian), архаичен (arhaičen) (Macedonian), arkaisk (Norwegian), gammeldags (Norwegian), foreldet (Norwegian), archaiczny (Polish), arcaico (Portuguese), arhaic [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), învechit [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), архаи́чный (arxaíčnyj) (Russian), дре́вний (drévnij) (english: ancient) (Russian), ста́рый (stáryj) (english: old) (Russian), àrsaidh (Scottish Gaelic), арха̀ичан [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), arhàičan [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), archaický (Slovak), arhaični (Slovene), arcaico (Spanish), arcaizante (Spanish), dinari (Swahili), arkaisk (Swedish), ålderdomlig (Swedish), antik (Turkish), архаї́чний (arxajíčnyj) (Ukrainian), cổ hủ (Vietnamese) Disambiguation of 'old-fashioned or antiquated': 87 9 5
  2. (of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well educated speakers and are found in historical texts. Tags: of words
    Sense id: archaic-en-adj-.-b54WSs
  3. (archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period Categories (topical): Archaeology
    Sense id: archaic-en-adj-IfmvtPA7 Topics: archaeology, history, human-sciences, sciences Translations (belonging to the archaic period): antiikkinen (Finnish), arkaistinen (Finnish), არქაული (arkauli) (Georgian), αρχαϊκός (archaïkós) (Greek), αρχαίος (archaíos) (Greek), arcaico (Portuguese), arkaisk (Swedish), arkaiserande (Swedish), ålderdomlig (Swedish) Disambiguation of 'belonging to the archaic period': 1 1 98

Noun

IPA: /ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [UK], /ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [US] Audio: en-us-archaic.ogg [US]
Etymology: From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”). Etymology templates: {{m|en|archaism||ancient or obsolete phrase or expression}} archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”), {{etyl|fr|en}} French, {{m|fr|archaïque|}} archaïque, {{etyl|grc|en}} Ancient Greek, {{m|grc|ἀρχαϊκός||old-fashioned}} ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), {{m|grc|ἀρχαῖος||from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old}} ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), {{m|grc|ἀρχή||beginning, origin}} ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), {{m|grc|ἄρχω||I am first}} ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), {{m|grc|ἄρχω||I begin}} ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*h₂ergʰ-||to begin, rule, command}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} archaic (plural archaics) Forms: archaics [plural]
  1. (archaeology, US, usually capitalized) A general term for the prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, &c.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.). Tags: US, capitalized, usually Categories (topical): Archaeology
    Sense id: archaic-en-noun-NZssZmh3 Categories (other): American English Topics: archaeology, history, human-sciences, sciences
  2. (paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens.

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for archaic meaning in English (22.7kB)

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          "ref": "1958, Wiley, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, page #107",
          "text": "… Archaic Stage … the stage of migratory hunting and gathering cultures continuing into environmental conditions approximately those of the present."
        }
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        "(archaeology, US, usually capitalized) A general term for the prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, &c.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.)."
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        {
          "ref": "2009, The Human Lineage, page 432",
          "text": "… prefer the third explanation for the advanced-looking features of Neandertals (Chapter 7) and the Ngandong hominins (Chapter 6), but they have had little to say about the post-Erectine archaics from China."
        }
      ],
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        "(A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
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        "(paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
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          "ref": "1848, James Russel Lowell, The Biglow Papers",
          "text": "A person familiar with the dialect of certain portions of Massachusetts will not fail to recognize, in ordinary discourse, many words now noted in English vocabularies as archaic, the greater part of which were in common use about the time of the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare stands less in need of a glossary to most New Englanders than to many a native of the Old Country.",
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          "ref": "1887, Barcley V. Head, Historia Numorum A Manual Of Greek Numismatics",
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          "ref": "1898, William Cowper Brann, The Complete Works of Brann the Iconoclast",
          "text": "Brann's compass of words, idioms and phrases harks back to the archaic and reaches forward to the futuristic. Volume 1",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "December 27, 2017, “The Guardian view on Prince Harry: the monarchy’s best insurance policy”, in the Guardian‎",
          "text": "But now he is reinvented; he is on the way to establishing himself as the official interpreter of an ancient, archaic institution to the generations that are already distant in both time and culture from the world that sustains his grandmother.",
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        }
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        "Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated."
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        "Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated."
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        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qadīm",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "قَدِيم‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arxaik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "arxaíčny",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаі́чны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "arhaíčen",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаи́чен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "dréven",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "дре́вен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "star",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "стар"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "古舊的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "gǔjiù de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "古旧的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "gǔlǎo de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "古老的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "過時的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "guòshí de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "过时的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaický"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gammeldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "fortidig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaïsch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ouderwets"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "verouderd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "antiikkinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "vanhahtava"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaïque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ʒveli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ძველი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ʒveltaʒveli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ძველთაძველი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "arkauli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "არქაული"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaisch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "veraltet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "aparchaioménos",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "απαρχαιωμένος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaïkós",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "αρχαϊκός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gamaldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkais"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ársa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "alt": "しょき",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shoki",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "初期"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "godaejeok",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "고대적"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaicus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "veclaicīgs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "arhaičen",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаичен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gammeldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "foreldet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaiczny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "arhaic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "învechit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "arxaíčnyj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаи́чный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ru",
          "english": "ancient",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "drévnij",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "дре́вний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "ru",
          "english": "old",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "stáryj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ста́рый"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "àrsaidh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "арха̀ичан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "arhàičan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaický"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arhaični"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaizante"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "dinari"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ålderdomlig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "antik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "arxajíčnyj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаї́чний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 9 5",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "cổ hủ"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1893, Harrington Hugh Melville Percival, “Introduction”, in The faerie queene: Book 1, page lxi",
          "text": "The language of the Faerie Queene was made archaic Language:— in order to be in keeping with the chivalry of bygone ages that formed its subject.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1900, Mary Hall Leonard, “The Revival of Old English Words”, in The Writer‎, volume 13, page 23",
          "text": "Almost every writer of power will occasionally use with strong effect an archaic term that he has unearthed from the treasures of the older English vocabulary. This is especially true of poets, who recognize that the unusualness of the archaic word will sometimes heighten the poetic effect.\nvocabulary",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Walter J. Ong, Orality and Literacy: the technologizing of the word, page 46",
          "text": "When generations pass and the object or institution referred to by the archaic word is no longer part of present, lived experience, though the word has been retained, its meaning is commonly altered or simply vanishes. African talking drums, as used for example among the Lokele in eastern Zaire, speak in elaborate formulas that preserve certain archaic words which the drummers can vocalize but whose meaning they no longer know.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2005, Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin, “Editor's Introduction”, in Decameron, page lxvi",
          "text": "his resistance to censorship blends nicely with his scorn for the common folk, so a limited edition, in beautiful archaic language incomprehensible to the masses, of rude or blasphemous material such as one can find in the Decameron, would simultaneously satisfy both impulses.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Susan F. Beegel, “Introduction”, in Cup of gold: a life of Sir Henry Morgan, buccaneer, page xx",
          "text": "Cabell also uses a kind of stylistic dissonance to reinforce his novel's thematic ironies at the sentence level. An inflated speech in archaic language might end with a modern pinprick: \"And so on, and so on!\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "id": "archaic-en-adj-.-b54WSs",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "of words"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Archaeology",
          "orig": "en:Archaeology",
          "parents": [
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Belonging to the archaic period"
      ],
      "id": "archaic-en-adj-IfmvtPA7",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "antiikkinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaistinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "arkauli",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "არქაული"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaïkós",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "αρχαϊκός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaíos",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "αρχαίος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaiserande"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "ålderdomlig"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "IPA for English using .ˈ or .ˌ",
    "etyl cleanup/en/fr",
    "etyl cleanup/en/grc"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "archaism",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ancient or obsolete phrase or expression"
      },
      "expansion": "archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "en"
      },
      "expansion": "French",
      "name": "etyl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "archaïque",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "archaïque",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "en"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "etyl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχαϊκός",
        "3": "",
        "4": "old-fashioned"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχαῖος",
        "3": "",
        "4": "from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχή",
        "3": "",
        "4": "beginning, origin"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἄρχω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I am first"
      },
      "expansion": "ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἄρχω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I begin"
      },
      "expansion": "ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ergʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to begin, rule, command"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "archaics",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "archaic (plural archaics)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "American English",
        "en:Archaeology"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1958, Wiley, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, page #107",
          "text": "… Archaic Stage … the stage of migratory hunting and gathering cultures continuing into environmental conditions approximately those of the present."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A general term for the prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, &c.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.)."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology, US, usually capitalized) A general term for the prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, &c.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "US",
        "capitalized",
        "usually"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2009, The Human Lineage, page 432",
          "text": "… prefer the third explanation for the advanced-looking features of Neandertals (Chapter 7) and the Ngandong hominins (Chapter 6), but they have had little to say about the post-Erectine archaics from China."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anthropology",
        "biology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "natural-sciences",
        "paleoanthropology",
        "paleontology",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "archæic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated",
        "rare"
      ],
      "word": "archaeic"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaïc"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "archaick"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "IPA for English using .ˈ or .ˌ",
    "etyl cleanup/en/fr",
    "etyl cleanup/en/grc"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "archaically"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaism"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicy"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "archaism",
        "3": "",
        "4": "ancient or obsolete phrase or expression"
      },
      "expansion": "archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "en"
      },
      "expansion": "French",
      "name": "etyl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "archaïque",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "archaïque",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "en"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "etyl"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχαϊκός",
        "3": "",
        "4": "old-fashioned"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχαῖος",
        "3": "",
        "4": "from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἀρχή",
        "3": "",
        "4": "beginning, origin"
      },
      "expansion": "ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἄρχω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I am first"
      },
      "expansion": "ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἄρχω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "I begin"
      },
      "expansion": "ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ergʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to begin, rule, command"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more archaic",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most archaic",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "archaic (comparative more archaic, superlative most archaic)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "archaeologist"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeologist"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaeology"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeology"
    },
    {
      "word": "paleo"
    },
    {
      "word": "Paleo-indian"
    },
    {
      "word": "Paleolithic"
    },
    {
      "english": "paleobotany; archeobotany",
      "tags": [
        "usually"
      ],
      "word": "paleoethnobotany"
    },
    {
      "topics": [
        "archeology"
      ],
      "word": "horizon"
    },
    {
      "word": "stage"
    },
    {
      "topics": [
        "anthropology",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "culture"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeobacteria"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1848, James Russel Lowell, The Biglow Papers",
          "text": "A person familiar with the dialect of certain portions of Massachusetts will not fail to recognize, in ordinary discourse, many words now noted in English vocabularies as archaic, the greater part of which were in common use about the time of the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare stands less in need of a glossary to most New Englanders than to many a native of the Old Country.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1887, Barcley V. Head, Historia Numorum A Manual Of Greek Numismatics",
          "text": "There is in the best archaic coin work [of the Greeks] ... a strength and a delicacy which are often wanting in the fully developed art of a later age.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1898, William Cowper Brann, The Complete Works of Brann the Iconoclast",
          "text": "Brann's compass of words, idioms and phrases harks back to the archaic and reaches forward to the futuristic. Volume 1",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "December 27, 2017, “The Guardian view on Prince Harry: the monarchy’s best insurance policy”, in the Guardian‎",
          "text": "But now he is reinvented; he is on the way to establishing himself as the official interpreter of an ancient, archaic institution to the generations that are already distant in both time and culture from the world that sustains his grandmother.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1893, Harrington Hugh Melville Percival, “Introduction”, in The faerie queene: Book 1, page lxi",
          "text": "The language of the Faerie Queene was made archaic Language:— in order to be in keeping with the chivalry of bygone ages that formed its subject.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1900, Mary Hall Leonard, “The Revival of Old English Words”, in The Writer‎, volume 13, page 23",
          "text": "Almost every writer of power will occasionally use with strong effect an archaic term that he has unearthed from the treasures of the older English vocabulary. This is especially true of poets, who recognize that the unusualness of the archaic word will sometimes heighten the poetic effect.\nvocabulary",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Walter J. Ong, Orality and Literacy: the technologizing of the word, page 46",
          "text": "When generations pass and the object or institution referred to by the archaic word is no longer part of present, lived experience, though the word has been retained, its meaning is commonly altered or simply vanishes. African talking drums, as used for example among the Lokele in eastern Zaire, speak in elaborate formulas that preserve certain archaic words which the drummers can vocalize but whose meaning they no longer know.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2005, Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin, “Editor's Introduction”, in Decameron, page lxvi",
          "text": "his resistance to censorship blends nicely with his scorn for the common folk, so a limited edition, in beautiful archaic language incomprehensible to the masses, of rude or blasphemous material such as one can find in the Decameron, would simultaneously satisfy both impulses.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Susan F. Beegel, “Introduction”, in Cup of gold: a life of Sir Henry Morgan, buccaneer, page xx",
          "text": "Cabell also uses a kind of stylistic dissonance to reinforce his novel's thematic ironies at the sentence level. An inflated speech in archaic language might end with a modern pinprick: \"And so on, and so on!\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "of words"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Archaeology"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Belonging to the archaic period"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "dated"
    },
    {
      "word": "obsolete"
    },
    {
      "word": "old fashioned"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "archæic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated",
        "rare"
      ],
      "word": "archaeic"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaïc"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "archaick"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaik"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qadīm",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "قَدِيم‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arxaik"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "arxaíčny",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаі́чны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "arhaíčen",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаи́чен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "dréven",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "дре́вен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "star",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "стар"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaic"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "古舊的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "gǔjiù de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "古旧的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "gǔlǎo de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "古老的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "過時的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "guòshí de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "过时的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaický"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gammeldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "fortidig"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaïsch"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ouderwets"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "verouderd"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "antiikkinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "vanhahtava"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaïque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ʒveli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ძველი"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ʒveltaʒveli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ძველთაძველი"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "arkauli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "არქაული"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaisch"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "veraltet"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "aparchaioménos",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "απαρχαιωμένος"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaïkós",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "αρχαϊκός"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gamaldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkais"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ársa"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "alt": "しょき",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shoki",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "初期"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "godaejeok",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "고대적"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaicus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "veclaicīgs"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "arhaičen",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаичен"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gammeldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "foreldet"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaiczny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "arhaic"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "învechit"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "arxaíčnyj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаи́чный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "english": "ancient",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "drévnij",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "дре́вний"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "english": "old",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "stáryj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ста́рый"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "àrsaidh"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "арха̀ичан"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "arhàičan"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaický"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arhaični"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaizante"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "dinari"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ålderdomlig"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "antik"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "arxajíčnyj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаї́чний"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "cổ hủ"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "antiikkinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaistinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "arkauli",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "არქაული"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaïkós",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "αρχαϊκός"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaíos",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "αρχαίος"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaiserande"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "ålderdomlig"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2022-01-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2022-01-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.