"archaic" meaning in English

See archaic in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [General-American], /ɐːˈkæɪ.ɪk/ [General-Australian] Audio: en-us-archaic.ogg [General-American] Forms: more archaic [comparative], most archaic [superlative]
Etymology: From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”). Etymology templates: {{uder|en|fr|archaïque|}} French archaïque, {{uder|en|grc|ἀρχαϊκός||old-fashioned}} Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*h₂ergʰ-||to begin, rule, command}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”) Head templates: {{en-adj}} archaic (comparative more archaic, superlative most archaic)
  1. Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated. Translations (old-fashioned or antiquated): arkaik (Albanian), قَدِيم (qadīm) (Arabic), arxaik (Azerbaijani), архаі́чны (arxaíčny) (Belarusian), архаи́чен (arhaíčen) (Bulgarian), дре́вен (dréven) (Bulgarian), стар (star) (Bulgarian), arcaic (Catalan), 古舊的 (Chinese Mandarin), 古旧的 (gǔjiù de) (Chinese Mandarin), 古老的 (gǔlǎo de) (Chinese Mandarin), 過時的 (Chinese Mandarin), 过时的 (guòshí de) (Chinese Mandarin), archaický (Czech), gammeldags (Danish), fortidig (Danish), arkaisk (Danish), archaïsch (Dutch), ouderwets (Dutch), verouderd (Dutch), arkaika (Esperanto), antiikkinen (Finnish), vanhahtava (Finnish), archaïque (French), arcaico [masculine] (Galician), ძველი (ʒveli) (Georgian), ძველთაძველი (ʒveltaʒveli) (Georgian), არქაული (arkauli) (Georgian), archaisch (German), veraltet (German), απαρχαιωμένος (aparchaioménos) (Greek), αρχαϊκός (archaïkós) (Greek), gamaldags (Icelandic), arkais (Indonesian), ársa (Irish), arcaico (Italian), 初期 (shoki) (alt: しょき) (Japanese), 古代の (kodai no) (alt: こだいの) (Japanese), 고대적 (godaejeok) (alt: 古代的) (Korean), archaicus (Latin), veclaicīgs (Latvian), архаичен (arhaičen) (Macedonian), arkaisk (Norwegian Bokmål), gammeldags (Norwegian Bokmål), foreldet (Norwegian Bokmål), archaiczny (Polish), arcaico (Portuguese), arhaic [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), învechit [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), архаи́чный (arxaíčnyj) (Russian), дре́вний (drévnij) (english: ancient) (Russian), ста́рый (stáryj) (english: old) (Russian), àrsaidh (Scottish Gaelic), арха̀ичан [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), arhàičan [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), archaický (Slovak), arhaični (Slovene), arcaico (Spanish), arcaizante (Spanish), dinari (Swahili), arkaisk (Swedish), ålderdomlig (Swedish), antik (Turkish), архаї́чний (arxajíčnyj) (Ukrainian), cổ hủ (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-archaic-en-adj-ENzS34Ed Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English undefined derivations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 28 4 23 33 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 14 20 7 32 27 Disambiguation of 'old-fashioned or antiquated': 75 21 4
  2. (chiefly lexicography, of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well-educated speakers and are found in historical texts. Categories (topical): Lexicography
    Sense id: en-archaic-en-adj-QleFjIOj Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English undefined derivations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 28 4 23 33 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 14 20 7 32 27 Topics: human-sciences, lexicography, linguistics, sciences
  3. (archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period. Categories (topical): Archaeology Translations (belonging to the archaic period): antiikkinen (Finnish), arkaistinen (Finnish), არქაული (arkauli) (Georgian), αρχαϊκός (archaïkós) (Greek), αρχαίος (archaíos) (Greek), archaiczny (Polish), arcaico (Portuguese), arkaisk (Swedish), arkaiserande (Swedish), ålderdomlig (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-archaic-en-adj-JlIWLQiL Topics: archaeology, history, human-sciences, sciences Disambiguation of 'belonging to the archaic period': 1 1 98
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: archaeic, archæic [archaic, hypercorrect], archaïc [archaic], archaick [obsolete], dated [dated], obsolete, old fashioned
Derived forms: archaical, archaically, archaicism, archaicity, archaicize, archaicness, archaic smile, archaicy, archaism, archaist, hyperarchaic, nonarchaic, pseudoarchaic, superarchaic, unarchaic Related terms: archaeologist, archeologist, archaeology, archeology, paleo, Paleo-indian, Paleolithic, paleoethnobotany (english: paleobotany; archeobotany) [usually], horizon [archeology], stage, culture [anthropology, human-sciences, sciences], archeobacteria

Noun

IPA: /ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/ [General-American], /ɐːˈkæɪ.ɪk/ [General-Australian] Audio: en-us-archaic.ogg [General-American] Forms: archaics [plural]
Etymology: From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”). Etymology templates: {{uder|en|fr|archaïque|}} French archaïque, {{uder|en|grc|ἀρχαϊκός||old-fashioned}} Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*h₂ergʰ-||to begin, rule, command}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} archaic (plural archaics)
  1. (archaeology, US, usually capitalized) The prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, etc.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.). Tags: US, capitalized, usually Categories (topical): Archaeology
    Sense id: en-archaic-en-noun-AQDldc2k Categories (other): American English, English entries with incorrect language header, English undefined derivations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 28 4 23 33 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 14 20 7 32 27 Topics: archaeology, history, human-sciences, sciences
  2. (paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens.
    Sense id: en-archaic-en-noun-vPCXp~r4 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English undefined derivations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 28 4 23 33 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 14 20 7 32 27 Topics: anthropology, biology, history, human-sciences, natural-sciences, paleoanthropology, paleontology, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: archaeic, archæic [archaic, hypercorrect], archaïc [archaic], archaick [obsolete]

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for archaic meaning in English (23.6kB)

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          "ref": "1887, Barclay V. Head, Historia Numorum A Manual Of Greek Numismatics",
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        {
          "ref": "2017 December 27, “The Guardian view on Prince Harry: the monarchy’s best insurance policy”, in the Guardian",
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          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaik"
        },
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          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qadīm",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "قَدِيم"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arxaik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "arxaíčny",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаі́чны"
        },
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          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "arhaíčen",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаи́чен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "dréven",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "дре́вен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "star",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "стар"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "古舊的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "gǔjiù de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "古旧的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "gǔlǎo de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "古老的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "過時的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "guòshí de",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "过时的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaický"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gammeldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "fortidig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaïsch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ouderwets"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "verouderd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "antiikkinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "vanhahtava"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaïque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ʒveli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ძველი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "ʒveltaʒveli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ძველთაძველი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "arkauli",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "არქაული"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaisch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "veraltet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "aparchaioménos",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "απαρχαιωμένος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaïkós",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "αρχαϊκός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gamaldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkais"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ársa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "alt": "しょき",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shoki",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "初期"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "alt": "こだいの",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "kodai no",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "古代の"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "alt": "古代的",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "godaejeok",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "고대적"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaicus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "veclaicīgs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "arhaičen",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаичен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "gammeldags"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "foreldet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaiczny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "arhaic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "învechit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "arxaíčnyj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаи́чный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "english": "ancient",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "drévnij",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "дре́вний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "english": "old",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "stáryj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ста́рый"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "àrsaidh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "арха̀ичан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "arhàičan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "archaický"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arhaični"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arcaizante"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "dinari"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "ålderdomlig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "antik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "arxajíčnyj",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "архаї́чний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "75 21 4",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
          "word": "cổ hủ"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Lexicography",
          "orig": "en:Lexicography",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 28 4 23 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 20 7 32 27",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English undefined derivations",
          "parents": [
            "Undefined derivations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1893, Harrington Hugh Melville Percival, “Introduction”, in The faerie queene: Book 1, page lxi",
          "text": "The language of the Faerie Queene was made archaic Language:— in order to be in keeping with the chivalry of bygone ages that formed its subject.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1900, Mary Hall Leonard, “The Revival of Old English Words”, in The Writer, volume 13, page 23",
          "text": "Almost every writer of power will occasionally use with strong effect an archaic term that he has unearthed from the treasures of the older English vocabulary. This is especially true of poets, who recognize that the unusualness of the archaic word will sometimes heighten the poetic effect.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Walter J. Ong, Orality and Literacy: the technologizing of the word, page 46",
          "text": "When generations pass and the object or institution referred to by the archaic word is no longer part of present, lived experience, though the word has been retained, its meaning is commonly altered or simply vanishes. African talking drums, as used for example among the Lokele in eastern Zaire, speak in elaborate formulas that preserve certain archaic words which the drummers can vocalize but whose meaning they no longer know.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2005, Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin, “Editor's Introduction”, in Decameron, page lxvi",
          "text": "his resistance to censorship blends nicely with his scorn for the common folk, so a limited edition, in beautiful archaic language incomprehensible to the masses, of rude or blasphemous material such as one can find in the Decameron, would simultaneously satisfy both impulses.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Susan F. Beegel, “Introduction”, in John Steinbeck, Cup of gold: a life of Sir Henry Morgan, buccaneer, page xx",
          "text": "Cabell also uses a kind of stylistic dissonance to reinforce his novel's thematic ironies at the sentence level. An inflated speech in archaic language might end with a modern pinprick: \"And so on, and so on!\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well-educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "id": "en-archaic-en-adj-QleFjIOj",
      "links": [
        [
          "lexicography",
          "lexicography"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(chiefly lexicography, of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well-educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of words"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "lexicography",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Archaeology",
          "orig": "en:Archaeology",
          "parents": [
            "Anthropology",
            "Sciences",
            "Social sciences",
            "Zoology",
            "All topics",
            "Society",
            "Biology",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Belonging to the archaic period."
      ],
      "id": "en-archaic-en-adj-JlIWLQiL",
      "links": [
        [
          "archaeology",
          "archaeology"
        ],
        [
          "archaic",
          "archaic"
        ],
        [
          "period",
          "period"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "antiikkinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaistinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "arkauli",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "არქაული"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaïkós",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "αρχαϊκός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "archaíos",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "αρχαίος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "archaiczny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arcaico"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "arkaiserande"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 98",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
          "word": "ålderdomlig"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐːˈkæɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-Australian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "archaeic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "hypercorrect"
      ],
      "word": "archæic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "archaïc"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "archaick"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "dated"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "obsolete"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "old fashioned"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English undefined derivations",
    "IPA for English using .ˈ or .ˌ"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "archaïque",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "French archaïque",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "ἀρχαϊκός",
        "4": "",
        "5": "old-fashioned"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”)",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ergʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to begin, rule, command"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "archaics",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "archaic (plural archaics)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ar‧cha‧ic"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "American English",
        "en:Archaeology"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1958, Wiley, Gordon R., and Philip Phillips, Method and Theory in American Archaeology, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, page #107",
          "text": "… Archaic Stage … the stage of migratory hunting and gathering cultures continuing into environmental conditions approximately those of the present."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, etc.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "archaeology",
          "archaeology"
        ],
        [
          "prehistoric",
          "prehistoric"
        ],
        [
          "Western Hemisphere",
          "Western Hemisphere"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology, US, usually capitalized) The prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, etc.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "US",
        "capitalized",
        "usually"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2009, The Human Lineage, page 432",
          "text": "[...] prefer the third explanation for the advanced-looking features of Neandertals (Chapter 7) and the Ngandong hominins (Chapter 6), but they have had little to say about the post-Erectine archaics from China.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anthropology",
        "biology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "natural-sciences",
        "paleoanthropology",
        "paleontology",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐːˈkæɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-Australian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "archaeic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "hypercorrect"
      ],
      "word": "archæic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "archaïc"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "archaick"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English undefined derivations",
    "IPA for English using .ˈ or .ˌ"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "archaical"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaically"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicism"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicity"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicize"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicness"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaic smile"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaicy"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaism"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaist"
    },
    {
      "word": "hyperarchaic"
    },
    {
      "word": "nonarchaic"
    },
    {
      "word": "pseudoarchaic"
    },
    {
      "word": "superarchaic"
    },
    {
      "word": "unarchaic"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "archaïque",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "French archaïque",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "ἀρχαϊκός",
        "4": "",
        "5": "old-fashioned"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”)",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ergʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to begin, rule, command"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαϊκός (arkhaïkós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I begin”), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ergʰ- (“to begin, rule, command”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more archaic",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most archaic",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "archaic (comparative more archaic, superlative most archaic)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ar‧cha‧ic"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "archaeologist"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeologist"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaeology"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeology"
    },
    {
      "word": "paleo"
    },
    {
      "word": "Paleo-indian"
    },
    {
      "word": "Paleolithic"
    },
    {
      "english": "paleobotany; archeobotany",
      "tags": [
        "usually"
      ],
      "word": "paleoethnobotany"
    },
    {
      "topics": [
        "archeology"
      ],
      "word": "horizon"
    },
    {
      "word": "stage"
    },
    {
      "topics": [
        "anthropology",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "culture"
    },
    {
      "word": "archeobacteria"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1848, James Russel Lowell, The Biglow Papers",
          "text": "A person familiar with the dialect of certain portions of Massachusetts will not fail to recognize, in ordinary discourse, many words now noted in English vocabularies as archaic, the greater part of which were in common use about the time of the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare stands less in need of a glossary to most New Englanders than to many a native of the Old Country.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1887, Barclay V. Head, Historia Numorum A Manual Of Greek Numismatics",
          "text": "There is in the best archaic coin work [of the Greeks] ... a strength and a delicacy which are often wanting in the fully developed art of a later age.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1898, William Cowper Brann, The Complete Works of Brann the Iconoclast",
          "text": "Brann's compass of words, idioms and phrases harks back to the archaic and reaches forward to the futuristic. Volume 1",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2017 December 27, “The Guardian view on Prince Harry: the monarchy’s best insurance policy”, in the Guardian",
          "text": "But now he is reinvented; he is on the way to establishing himself as the official interpreter of an ancient, archaic institution to the generations that are already distant in both time and culture from the world that sustains his grandmother.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "antiquity",
          "antiquity"
        ],
        [
          "old-fashioned",
          "old-fashioned"
        ],
        [
          "quaint",
          "quaint"
        ],
        [
          "antiquated",
          "antiquated"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Lexicography"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1893, Harrington Hugh Melville Percival, “Introduction”, in The faerie queene: Book 1, page lxi",
          "text": "The language of the Faerie Queene was made archaic Language:— in order to be in keeping with the chivalry of bygone ages that formed its subject.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1900, Mary Hall Leonard, “The Revival of Old English Words”, in The Writer, volume 13, page 23",
          "text": "Almost every writer of power will occasionally use with strong effect an archaic term that he has unearthed from the treasures of the older English vocabulary. This is especially true of poets, who recognize that the unusualness of the archaic word will sometimes heighten the poetic effect.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1982, Walter J. Ong, Orality and Literacy: the technologizing of the word, page 46",
          "text": "When generations pass and the object or institution referred to by the archaic word is no longer part of present, lived experience, though the word has been retained, its meaning is commonly altered or simply vanishes. African talking drums, as used for example among the Lokele in eastern Zaire, speak in elaborate formulas that preserve certain archaic words which the drummers can vocalize but whose meaning they no longer know.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2005, Cormac Ó Cuilleanáin, “Editor's Introduction”, in Decameron, page lxvi",
          "text": "his resistance to censorship blends nicely with his scorn for the common folk, so a limited edition, in beautiful archaic language incomprehensible to the masses, of rude or blasphemous material such as one can find in the Decameron, would simultaneously satisfy both impulses.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2008, Susan F. Beegel, “Introduction”, in John Steinbeck, Cup of gold: a life of Sir Henry Morgan, buccaneer, page xx",
          "text": "Cabell also uses a kind of stylistic dissonance to reinforce his novel's thematic ironies at the sentence level. An inflated speech in archaic language might end with a modern pinprick: \"And so on, and so on!\"",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well-educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lexicography",
          "lexicography"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(chiefly lexicography, of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity and are still likely to be understood by well-educated speakers and are found in historical texts."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of words"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "lexicography",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Archaeology"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Belonging to the archaic period."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "archaeology",
          "archaeology"
        ],
        [
          "archaic",
          "archaic"
        ],
        [
          "period",
          "period"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "archaeology",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑː.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑɹ.ˈkeɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɐːˈkæɪ.ɪk/",
      "tags": [
        "General-Australian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-archaic.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg/En-us-archaic.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-archaic.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "dated"
    },
    {
      "word": "obsolete"
    },
    {
      "word": "old fashioned"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaeic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "hypercorrect"
      ],
      "word": "archæic"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "archaïc"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "archaick"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaik"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qadīm",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "قَدِيم"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arxaik"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "arxaíčny",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаі́чны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "arhaíčen",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаи́чен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "dréven",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "дре́вен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "star",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "стар"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaic"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "古舊的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "gǔjiù de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "古旧的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "gǔlǎo de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "古老的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "過時的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "guòshí de",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "过时的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaický"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gammeldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "fortidig"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaïsch"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ouderwets"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "verouderd"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "antiikkinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "vanhahtava"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaïque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ʒveli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ძველი"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "ʒveltaʒveli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ძველთაძველი"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "arkauli",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "არქაული"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaisch"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "veraltet"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "aparchaioménos",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "απαρχαιωμένος"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaïkós",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "αρχαϊκός"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gamaldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkais"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ársa"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "alt": "しょき",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shoki",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "初期"
    },
    {
      "alt": "こだいの",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "kodai no",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "古代の"
    },
    {
      "alt": "古代的",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "godaejeok",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "고대적"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaicus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "veclaicīgs"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "arhaičen",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаичен"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "gammeldags"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "foreldet"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaiczny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "arhaic"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "învechit"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "arxaíčnyj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаи́чный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "english": "ancient",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "drévnij",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "дре́вний"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "english": "old",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "stáryj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ста́рый"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "àrsaidh"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "арха̀ичан"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "arhàičan"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "archaický"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arhaični"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arcaizante"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "dinari"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "ålderdomlig"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "antik"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "arxajíčnyj",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "архаї́чний"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "old-fashioned or antiquated",
      "word": "cổ hủ"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "antiikkinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaistinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "arkauli",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "არქაული"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaïkós",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "αρχαϊκός"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "archaíos",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "αρχαίος"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "archaiczny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arcaico"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "arkaiserande"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "belonging to the archaic period",
      "word": "ålderdomlig"
    }
  ],
  "word": "archaic"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.