"tense" meaning in English

See tense in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /tɛns/ Audio: en-us-tense.ogg Forms: tenser [comparative], tensest [superlative]
enPR: tĕns Rhymes: -ɛns Etymology: Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*tend-|id=stretch}}, {{bor|en|la|tēnsus}} Latin tēnsus Head templates: {{en-adj|er}} tense (comparative tenser, superlative tensest)
  1. Showing signs of stress or strain; not relaxed. Synonyms: stressed, unrelaxed Translations (showing stress or strain): gespanne (Afrikaans), styf (Afrikaans), напрегнат (napregnat) (Bulgarian), tens (Catalan), (Chinese Mandarin), (jǐn) (Chinese Mandarin), 緊張 (Chinese Mandarin), 紧张 (jǐnzhāng) (Chinese Mandarin), napjatý [masculine] (Czech), gespannen (Dutch), strak (Dutch), pingne (Estonian), pinev (Estonian), kireä (Finnish), jännittynyt (Finnish), hermostunut (Finnish), tendu (French), gespannt (German), angespannt (German), verkrampft [figuratively] (German), τεταμένος (tetaménos) [masculine] (Greek), feszült (Hungarian), upptrekktur (Icelandic), órólegur (Icelandic), 緊張した (kinchō shita) (alt: きんちょうした) (Japanese), напнат (napnat) (Macedonian), āmaimai (Maori), stiew (Plautdietsch), tenso (Portuguese), încordat (Romanian), напряжённый (naprjažónnyj) (Russian), tenso (Spanish), spänd (Swedish), gergin (Turkish), напружений (napruženyj) (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-tense-en-adj-6cSNr94B Disambiguation of 'showing stress or strain': 80 9 10
  2. Pulled taut, without any slack. Translations (pulled taut): опънат (opǎnat) (Bulgarian), обтегнат (obtegnat) (Bulgarian), pinguletõmmatud (Estonian), kireä (Finnish), jännitetty (Finnish), gespannt (German), straff (German), τεντωμένος (tentoménos) [masculine] (Greek), estendido (Portuguese), туго́й (tugój) (Russian), натя́нутый (natjánutyj) (Russian), tenso (Spanish), spänd (Swedish), тугий (tuhyj) (Ukrainian), натя́гнутий (natjáhnutyj) (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-tense-en-adj-fTLjKMI6 Disambiguation of 'pulled taut': 17 81 2
  3. (linguistics) (of a vowel) Produced with relative constriction of the vocal tract. Categories (topical): Linguistics
    Sense id: en-tense-en-adj-nAd2B7uC Topics: human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: hypertense, tense vowel Related terms: tend, tension, tent, intense
Etymology number: 2

Noun

IPA: /tɛns/ Audio: en-us-tense.ogg Forms: tenses [plural]
enPR: tĕns Rhymes: -ɛns Etymology: From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*tend-|id=stretch}}, {{inh|en|enm|tens}} Middle English tens, {{der|en|fro|tens}} Old French tens, {{cog|fr|temps}} French temps, {{der|en|la|tempus}} Latin tempus, {{doublet|en|tempo|tempus}} Doublet of tempo and tempus Head templates: {{en-noun}} tense (plural tenses)
  1. (grammar, countable) Any of the forms of a verb which distinguish when an action or state of being occurs or exists. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-tense-en-noun-en:grammar Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  2. (linguistics, grammar, countable) An inflected form of a verb that indicates tense. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Grammar, Linguistics
    Sense id: en-tense-en-noun-Z7Svmpv3 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  3. (linguistics, uncountable) The property of indicating the point in time at which an action or state of being occurs or exists. Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Linguistics Translations (verb forms distinguishing time): tyd (Afrikaans), tempus (Afrikaans), kohë [feminine] (Albanian), χρόνος (khrónos) [masculine] (Ancient Greek), صِيغَة (ṣīḡa) [feminine] (Arabic), صِيغَةُ الْفِعْل (ṣīḡatu l-fiʕl) [feminine] (Arabic), زَمَن (zaman) [masculine] (Arabic), ժամանակ (žamanak) (Armenian), zaman (Azerbaijani), час (čas) [masculine] (Belarusian), вре́ме (vréme) [neuter] (Bulgarian), temps (Catalan), 時態 (Chinese Mandarin), 时态 (shítài) (Chinese Mandarin), 時制 (Chinese Mandarin), 时制 (shízhì) (Chinese Mandarin), вӑхӑт (văh̬ăt) (Chuvash), čas [masculine] (Czech), slovesný čas [masculine] (Czech), tempus [neuter] (Danish), tijd [masculine] (Dutch), tempus [neuter] (Dutch), ajavorm (Estonian), aeg (Estonian), tempus (Estonian), tíð [feminine] (Faroese), aikaluokka (Finnish), aikamuoto (Finnish), tempus (Finnish), temps [masculine] (French), temps verbal [masculine] (French), დრო (dro) (Georgian), Zeit [feminine] (German), Tempus [neuter] (German), χρόνος (chrónos) [masculine] (Greek), זְמַן (z'man) [masculine] (Hebrew), काल (kāl) [masculine] (Hindi), igeidő (Hungarian), tíð [feminine] (Icelandic), aimsir [feminine] (Irish), tempo [masculine] (Italian), 時制 (jisei) (alt: じせい) (Japanese), шақ (şaq) (Kazakh), 시제 (sije) (Korean), чак (cak) (Kyrgyz), tempus [neuter] (Latin), laiks [masculine] (Latvian), laikas [masculine] (Lithuanian), време (vreme) [neuter] (Macedonian), കാലം (kālaṁ) (Malayalam), (Maori), wātū [present] (Maori), wāheke (note: Future tense) (Maori), wāmua (note: Past tense) (Maori), tens (Middle English), temps du vèrbe [masculine] (Norman), tempus (Norwegian Bokmål), زمان (zamân) (Persian), czas [inanimate, masculine] (Polish), tempo [masculine] (Portuguese), timp [neuter] (Romanian), вре́мя (vrémja) [neuter] (Russian), време [Cyrillic, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), вријеме [Cyrillic, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), vreme [Roman, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), vrijeme [Roman, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), čas [masculine] (Slovak), čas [masculine] (Slovene), tiempo [masculine] (Spanish), tiempo gramatical [masculine] (Spanish), wakati (Swahili), tempus [neuter] (Swedish), замон (zamon) (Tajik), కాలము (kālamu) (Telugu), กาล (gaan) (Thai), དུས་གསུམ (dus gsum) (Tibetan), zaman (Turkish), час (čas) [masculine] (Ukrainian), زامان (zaman) (Uyghur), zamon (Uzbek), thì (Vietnamese), amser [masculine] (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-tense-en-noun-PwEqQVTe Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Afrikaans translations, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Chuvash translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hindi translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Kazakh translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Kyrgyz translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Lithuanian translations, Terms with Macedonian translations, Terms with Malayalam translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Norman translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swahili translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tajik translations, Terms with Telugu translations, Terms with Thai translations, Terms with Tibetan translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Uyghur translations, Terms with Uzbek translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with Welsh translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 9 6 13 14 6 47 4 1 1 Disambiguation of Terms with Afrikaans translations: 8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 21 13 53 12 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 20 10 59 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Belarusian translations: 22 8 61 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Chuvash translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 8 8 13 14 7 40 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 14 5 76 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 8 7 10 15 5 42 5 4 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Faroese translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 7 7 9 12 5 50 5 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 8 9 10 14 4 43 4 4 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 8 9 10 13 5 45 5 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 7 7 9 12 5 52 5 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 10 6 12 17 7 35 7 3 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Hindi translations: 22 12 54 12 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 10 6 13 16 8 36 8 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 16 8 69 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 19 7 66 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 8 7 10 15 4 47 4 3 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Kazakh translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Kyrgyz translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 19 7 66 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Lithuanian translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Macedonian translations: 8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Malayalam translations: 19 7 66 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 9 9 15 14 8 36 7 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 19 9 62 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Norman translations: 19 9 62 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 19 10 61 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 6 5 8 11 3 62 3 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 11 7 9 15 5 38 6 3 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 7 6 9 17 4 47 4 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 19 9 63 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 9 8 11 14 5 42 4 3 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Swahili translations: 19 8 66 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 7 7 9 12 5 51 5 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Tajik translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Telugu translations: 19 9 64 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Thai translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Tibetan translations: 19 9 63 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 8 7 10 14 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 8 7 10 16 6 44 6 2 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Uyghur translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Uzbek translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 19 9 62 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Welsh translations: 19 8 63 10 Topics: human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'verb forms distinguishing time': 25 11 64
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: See: Category:en:Tenses

Verb

IPA: /tɛns/ Audio: en-us-tense.ogg Forms: tenses [present, singular, third-person], tensing [participle, present], tensed [participle, past], tensed [past]
enPR: tĕns Rhymes: -ɛns Etymology: From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*tend-|id=stretch}}, {{inh|en|enm|tens}} Middle English tens, {{der|en|fro|tens}} Old French tens, {{cog|fr|temps}} French temps, {{der|en|la|tempus}} Latin tempus, {{doublet|en|tempo|tempus}} Doublet of tempo and tempus Head templates: {{en-verb}} tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)
  1. (grammar, transitive) To apply a tense to. Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-tense-en-verb-DgRLUHMi Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Verb

IPA: /tɛns/ Audio: en-us-tense.ogg Forms: tenses [present, singular, third-person], tensing [participle, present], tensed [participle, past], tensed [past]
enPR: tĕns Rhymes: -ɛns Etymology: Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*tend-|id=stretch}}, {{bor|en|la|tēnsus}} Latin tēnsus Head templates: {{en-verb}} tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)
  1. (transitive) To make tense. Tags: transitive Translations (make tense): опъвам (opǎvam) (Bulgarian), напрягам (naprjagam) (Bulgarian), tesar (Catalan), napnout (Czech), spannen (Dutch), opspannen (Dutch), pinguldama (Estonian), pingulduma (Estonian), jännittää (Finnish), tendre (French), spannen (German), naprężać [imperfective] (Polish), naprężyć [perfective] (Polish), tensionar (Portuguese), tensar (Spanish), напру́жувати (naprúžuvaty) [imperfective] (Ukrainian), напру́жити (naprúžyty) [perfective] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-tense-en-verb-en:make_tense Disambiguation of 'make tense': 100 0
  2. (intransitive) To become tense. Tags: intransitive Translations (become tense): напрягам се (naprjagam se) (Bulgarian), jännittyä (Finnish), se tendre (French), sich spannen (German), sich anspannen (German), naprężać się [imperfective] (Polish), naprężyć się [perfective] (Polish), tensarse (Spanish), напру́жуватися (naprúžuvatysja) [imperfective] (Ukrainian), напру́житися (naprúžytysja) [perfective] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-tense-en-verb-en:become_tense Disambiguation of 'become tense': 0 100
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: tense up
Etymology number: 2

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for tense meaning in English (39.3kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "absolute tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "aorist tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "conditional tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "continuous tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "future tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "hodiernal tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "past historic tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "past imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "past tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "perfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "pluperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "present tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "preterite tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "primary tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "progressive tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "relative tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "secondary tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "simple tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "supine tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tensal"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English tens",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French tens",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "temps"
      },
      "expansion": "French temps",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tempus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "tempo",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of tempo and tempus",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (plural tenses)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "See: Category:en:Tenses"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
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            "Communication",
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            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The basic tenses in English are present, past, and future.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any of the forms of a verb which distinguish when an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-noun-en:grammar",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
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        [
          "verb",
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        [
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          "distinguish"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
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        [
          "occur",
          "occur"
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        [
          "exist",
          "exist"
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      "raw_glosses": [
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      ],
      "senseid": [
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      "tags": [
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      "topics": [
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        {
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            "Society",
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        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "English only has a present tense and a past tense; it has no future tense.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1530 July 18, Iohan Palſgrave, “The Introduction”, in Leſclarciſſement de la langue francoyſe […], London: Richard Pynſon, Iohan Haukyns, →OCLC, page 32; reprinted as Lesclarcissement de la langue françoyse, Genève: Slatkine Reprints, 1972",
          "text": "In ſo moche that if any verbe be of the thyꝛde coniugation\nI ſet out all his rotes and tenſes[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An inflected form of a verb that indicates tense."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-noun-Z7Svmpv3",
      "links": [
        [
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        [
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      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics, grammar, countable) An inflected form of a verb that indicates tense."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
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          "source": "w+disamb"
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        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Chuvash translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 13 14 7 40 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 5 76 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 10 15 5 42 5 4 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Faroese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 9 12 5 50 5 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 9 10 14 4 43 4 4 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 9 10 13 5 45 5 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Georgian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 9 12 5 52 5 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 6 12 17 7 35 7 3 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hebrew translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 12 54 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hindi translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 6 13 16 8 36 8 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 8 69 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 7 66 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 10 15 4 47 4 3 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kazakh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kyrgyz translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 7 66 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latvian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Macedonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 7 66 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Malayalam translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 15 14 8 36 7 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norman translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 10 61 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 5 8 11 3 62 3 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 7 9 15 5 38 6 3 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 11 14 6 43 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 10 14 6 44 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 6 9 17 4 47 4 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 63 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 8 11 14 5 42 4 3 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 8 66 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swahili translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 9 12 5 51 5 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tajik translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 64 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Telugu translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Thai translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 63 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tibetan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 10 14 6 44 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 10 16 6 44 6 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uyghur translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uzbek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 9 62 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 8 63 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Welsh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Dyirbal verbs are not inflected for tense.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The property of indicating the point in time at which an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-noun-PwEqQVTe",
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics, uncountable) The property of indicating the point in time at which an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tyd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "kohë"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ṣīḡa",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "صِيغَة"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ṣīḡatu l-fiʕl",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "صِيغَةُ الْفِعْل"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "zaman",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "زَمَن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "žamanak",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "ժամանակ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "zaman"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "čas",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "час"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "vréme",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "вре́ме"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "temps"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "時態"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "shítài",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "时态"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "時制"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "shízhì",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "时制"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cv",
          "lang": "Chuvash",
          "roman": "văh̬ăt",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "вӑхӑт"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "čas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "slovesný čas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tijd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "ajavorm"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "aeg"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "tíð"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "aikaluokka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "aikamuoto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "temps"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "temps verbal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "dro",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "დრო"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Zeit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "chrónos",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "χρόνος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "khrónos",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "χρόνος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "z'man",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "זְמַן"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "kāl",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "काल"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "igeidő"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "tíð"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "aimsir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tempo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "alt": "じせい",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "jisei",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "時制"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "şaq",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "шақ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "sije",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "시제"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "cak",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "чак"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "laiks"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "laikas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "vreme",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "време"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "kālaṁ",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "കാലം"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "wā"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "present"
          ],
          "word": "wātū"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "note": "Future tense",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "wāheke"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "note": "Past tense",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "wāmua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tens"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "temps du vèrbe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "zamân",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "زمان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "inanimate",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "czas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tempo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "timp"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "vrémja",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "вре́мя"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "време"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "вријеме"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "vreme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "vrijeme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "čas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "čas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tiempo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tiempo gramatical"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "wakati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "zamon",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "замон"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "kālamu",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "కాలము"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "gaan",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "กาล"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "dus gsum",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "དུས་གསུམ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "zaman"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "čas",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "час"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "zaman",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "زامان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "zamon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "word": "thì"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "25 11 64",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "amser"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English tens",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French tens",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "temps"
      },
      "expansion": "French temps",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tempus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "tempo",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of tempo and tempus",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "tensing a verb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To apply a tense to."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-verb-DgRLUHMi",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar, transitive) To apply a tense to."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "hypertense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tense vowel"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tēnsus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tēnsus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenser",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensest",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "er"
      },
      "expansion": "tense (comparative tenser, superlative tensest)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tend"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tension"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "tent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "intense"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "You need to relax, all this overtime and stress is making you tense.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Showing signs of stress or strain; not relaxed."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-adj-6cSNr94B",
      "links": [
        [
          "Showing",
          "show"
        ],
        [
          "sign",
          "sign"
        ],
        [
          "stress",
          "stress"
        ],
        [
          "strain",
          "strain"
        ],
        [
          "relax",
          "relax"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "stressed"
        },
        {
          "word": "unrelaxed"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "gespanne"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "styf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "napregnat",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "напрегнат"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "tens"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "緊"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "jǐn",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "紧"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "緊張"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "jǐnzhāng",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "紧张"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "napjatý"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "gespannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "strak"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "pingne"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "pinev"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "kireä"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "jännittynyt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "hermostunut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "tendu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "gespannt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "angespannt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "tags": [
            "figuratively"
          ],
          "word": "verkrampft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "tetaménos",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "τεταμένος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "feszült"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "upptrekktur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "órólegur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "alt": "きんちょうした",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "kinchō shita",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "緊張した"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "napnat",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "напнат"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "āmaimai"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "pdt",
          "lang": "Plautdietsch",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "stiew"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "tenso"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "încordat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "naprjažónnyj",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "напряжённый"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "tenso"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "spänd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "gergin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "80 9 10",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "napruženyj",
          "sense": "showing stress or strain",
          "word": "напружений"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Pulled taut, without any slack."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-adj-fTLjKMI6",
      "links": [
        [
          "taut",
          "taut"
        ],
        [
          "slack",
          "slack"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "opǎnat",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "опънат"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "obtegnat",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "обтегнат"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "pinguletõmmatud"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "kireä"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "jännitetty"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "gespannt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "straff"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "tentoménos",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "τεντωμένος"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "estendido"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "tugój",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "туго́й"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "natjánutyj",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "натя́нутый"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "tenso"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "spänd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "tuhyj",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "тугий"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "17 81 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "natjáhnutyj",
          "sense": "pulled taut",
          "word": "натя́гнутий"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Linguistics",
          "orig": "en:Linguistics",
          "parents": [
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(of a vowel) Produced with relative constriction of the vocal tract."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-adj-nAd2B7uC",
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "vocal tract",
          "vocal tract"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) (of a vowel) Produced with relative constriction of the vocal tract."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "tense up"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tēnsus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tēnsus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To make tense."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-verb-en:make_tense",
      "links": [
        [
          "make",
          "make"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To make tense."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:make tense"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "opǎvam",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "опъвам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "naprjagam",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "напрягам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "tesar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "napnout"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "spannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "opspannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "pinguldama"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "pingulduma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "jännittää"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "tendre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "spannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "naprężać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "naprężyć"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "tensionar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "word": "tensar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "naprúžuvaty",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "напру́жувати"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "100 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "naprúžyty",
          "sense": "make tense",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "напру́жити"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To become tense."
      ],
      "id": "en-tense-en-verb-en:become_tense",
      "links": [
        [
          "become",
          "become"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) To become tense."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:become tense"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "naprjagam se",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "напрягам се"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "jännittyä"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "se tendre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "sich spannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "sich anspannen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "naprężać się"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "naprężyć się"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "word": "tensarse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "naprúžuvatysja",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "напру́жуватися"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 100",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "naprúžytysja",
          "sense": "become tense",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "напру́житися"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *tend- (stretch)",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns/1 syllable",
    "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Chuvash translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Faroese translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hindi translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kazakh translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Kyrgyz translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Latvian translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Malayalam translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Middle English translations",
    "Terms with Norman translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swahili translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tajik translations",
    "Terms with Telugu translations",
    "Terms with Thai translations",
    "Terms with Tibetan translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Uyghur translations",
    "Terms with Uzbek translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "Terms with Welsh translations"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "absolute tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "aorist tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "conditional tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "continuous tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "future tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "hodiernal tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "past historic tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "past imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "past tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "perfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "pluperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "present tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "preterite tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "primary tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "progressive tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "relative tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "secondary tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "simple tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "supine tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "tensal"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English tens",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French tens",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "temps"
      },
      "expansion": "French temps",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tempus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "tempo",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of tempo and tempus",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (plural tenses)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "See: Category:en:Tenses"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The basic tenses in English are present, past, and future.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any of the forms of a verb which distinguish when an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ],
        [
          "distinguish",
          "distinguish"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ],
        [
          "occur",
          "occur"
        ],
        [
          "exist",
          "exist"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar, countable) Any of the forms of a verb which distinguish when an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:grammar"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Grammar",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "English only has a present tense and a past tense; it has no future tense.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1530 July 18, Iohan Palſgrave, “The Introduction”, in Leſclarciſſement de la langue francoyſe […], London: Richard Pynſon, Iohan Haukyns, →OCLC, page 32; reprinted as Lesclarcissement de la langue françoyse, Genève: Slatkine Reprints, 1972",
          "text": "In ſo moche that if any verbe be of the thyꝛde coniugation\nI ſet out all his rotes and tenſes[…]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An inflected form of a verb that indicates tense."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics, grammar, countable) An inflected form of a verb that indicates tense."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English uncountable nouns",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Dyirbal verbs are not inflected for tense.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The property of indicating the point in time at which an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics, uncountable) The property of indicating the point in time at which an action or state of being occurs or exists."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tyd"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "kohë"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ṣīḡa",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "صِيغَة"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ṣīḡatu l-fiʕl",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "صِيغَةُ الْفِعْل"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "zaman",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "زَمَن"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "žamanak",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "ժամանակ"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "zaman"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "čas",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "час"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "vréme",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "вре́ме"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "temps"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "時態"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "shítài",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "时态"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "時制"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "shízhì",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "时制"
    },
    {
      "code": "cv",
      "lang": "Chuvash",
      "roman": "văh̬ăt",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "вӑхӑт"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "čas"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "slovesný čas"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tijd"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "ajavorm"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "aeg"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "tíð"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "aikaluokka"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "aikamuoto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "temps"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "temps verbal"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "dro",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "დრო"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Zeit"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "chrónos",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "χρόνος"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "khrónos",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "χρόνος"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "z'man",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "זְמַן"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "kāl",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "काल"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "igeidő"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "tíð"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "aimsir"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tempo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "じせい",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "jisei",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "時制"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "şaq",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "шақ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "sije",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "시제"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "cak",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "чак"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "laiks"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "laikas"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "vreme",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "време"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "kālaṁ",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "കാലം"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "wā"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "present"
      ],
      "word": "wātū"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "note": "Future tense",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "wāheke"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "note": "Past tense",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "wāmua"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tens"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "temps du vèrbe"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "zamân",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "زمان"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "czas"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tempo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "timp"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "vrémja",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "вре́мя"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "време"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "вријеме"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "vreme"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "vrijeme"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "čas"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "čas"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tiempo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tiempo gramatical"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "wakati"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "zamon",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "замон"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "kālamu",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "కాలము"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "gaan",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "กาล"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "dus gsum",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "དུས་གསུམ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "zaman"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "čas",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "час"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "zaman",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "زامان"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "zamon"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "word": "thì"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "verb forms distinguishing time",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "amser"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *tend- (stretch)",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns/1 syllable",
    "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Chuvash translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Faroese translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hindi translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kazakh translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Kyrgyz translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Latvian translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Malayalam translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Middle English translations",
    "Terms with Norman translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swahili translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tajik translations",
    "Terms with Telugu translations",
    "Terms with Thai translations",
    "Terms with Tibetan translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Uyghur translations",
    "Terms with Uzbek translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "Terms with Welsh translations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English tens",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "tens"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French tens",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "temps"
      },
      "expansion": "French temps",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tempus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "tempo",
        "3": "tempus"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of tempo and tempus",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English tens, from Old French tens (modern French temps), from Latin tempus. Doublet of tempo and tempus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English transitive verbs",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "tensing a verb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To apply a tense to."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar, transitive) To apply a tense to."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *tend- (stretch)",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns/1 syllable",
    "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "hypertense"
    },
    {
      "word": "tense vowel"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tēnsus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tēnsus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenser",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensest",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "er"
      },
      "expansion": "tense (comparative tenser, superlative tensest)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "tend"
    },
    {
      "word": "tension"
    },
    {
      "word": "tent"
    },
    {
      "word": "intense"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "You need to relax, all this overtime and stress is making you tense.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Showing signs of stress or strain; not relaxed."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Showing",
          "show"
        ],
        [
          "sign",
          "sign"
        ],
        [
          "stress",
          "stress"
        ],
        [
          "strain",
          "strain"
        ],
        [
          "relax",
          "relax"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "stressed"
        },
        {
          "word": "unrelaxed"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Pulled taut, without any slack."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "taut",
          "taut"
        ],
        [
          "slack",
          "slack"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "(of a vowel) Produced with relative constriction of the vocal tract."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "vocal tract",
          "vocal tract"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(linguistics) (of a vowel) Produced with relative constriction of the vocal tract."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "gespanne"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "styf"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "napregnat",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "напрегнат"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "tens"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "緊"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "jǐn",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "紧"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "緊張"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "jǐnzhāng",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "紧张"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "napjatý"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "gespannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "strak"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "pingne"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "pinev"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "kireä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "jännittynyt"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "hermostunut"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "tendu"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "gespannt"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "angespannt"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "tags": [
        "figuratively"
      ],
      "word": "verkrampft"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "tetaménos",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "τεταμένος"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "feszült"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "upptrekktur"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "órólegur"
    },
    {
      "alt": "きんちょうした",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "kinchō shita",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "緊張した"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "napnat",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "напнат"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "āmaimai"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdt",
      "lang": "Plautdietsch",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "stiew"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "tenso"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "încordat"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "naprjažónnyj",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "напряжённый"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "tenso"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "spänd"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "gergin"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "napruženyj",
      "sense": "showing stress or strain",
      "word": "напружений"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "opǎnat",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "опънат"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "obtegnat",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "обтегнат"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "pinguletõmmatud"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "kireä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "jännitetty"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "gespannt"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "straff"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "tentoménos",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "τεντωμένος"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "estendido"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "tugój",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "туго́й"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "natjánutyj",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "натя́нутый"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "tenso"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "spänd"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "tuhyj",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "тугий"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "natjáhnutyj",
      "sense": "pulled taut",
      "word": "натя́гнутий"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *tend- (stretch)",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Georgian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns",
    "Rhymes:English/ɛns/1 syllable",
    "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "tense up"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*tend-",
        "id": "stretch"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tēnsus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tēnsus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin tēnsus, one form of the past participle of tendō (“stretch”). Ultimately identical to Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "tenses",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensing",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tensed",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "tense (third-person singular simple present tenses, present participle tensing, simple past and past participle tensed)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To make tense."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "make",
          "make"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To make tense."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:make tense"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To become tense."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "become",
          "become"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) To become tense."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:become tense"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tɛns/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɛns"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-tense.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg/En-us-tense.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/En-us-tense.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "tĕns"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "opǎvam",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "опъвам"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "naprjagam",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "напрягам"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "tesar"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "napnout"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "spannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "opspannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "pinguldama"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "pingulduma"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "jännittää"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "tendre"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "spannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "naprężać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "naprężyć"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "tensionar"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "word": "tensar"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "naprúžuvaty",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "напру́жувати"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "naprúžyty",
      "sense": "make tense",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "напру́жити"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "naprjagam se",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "напрягам се"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "jännittyä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "se tendre"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "sich spannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "sich anspannen"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "naprężać się"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "naprężyć się"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "word": "tensarse"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "naprúžuvatysja",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "напру́жуватися"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "naprúžytysja",
      "sense": "become tense",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "напру́житися"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "tense"
  ],
  "word": "tense"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.