"passive" meaning in English

See passive in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈpæs.ɪv/ Audio: en-us-passive.ogg Forms: more passive [comparative], most passive [superlative]
enPR: păsʹ-ĭv Rhymes: -æsɪv Etymology: From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*peh₁-}}, {{inh|en|enm|passyf}} Middle English passyf, {{der|en|frm|-}} Middle French, {{der|en|fr|passif}} French passif, {{der|en|la|passivus||serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling}} Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*peh₁-||to hurt}} Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”) Head templates: {{en-adj}} passive (comparative more passive, superlative most passive)
  1. Being subjected to an action without producing a reaction.
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-7XNwJzLB
  2. Taking no action. Translations (taking no action): бездеен (bezdeen) (Bulgarian), passief (Dutch), loid (Estonian), passiivinen (Finnish), passiv (German), fulangach (Irish), passyf (Middle English), passiv (Norwegian), پاسیو (pâsiv) (Persian), bierny (Polish), passivo (Portuguese), пасси́вный (passívnyj) (Russian), безде́ятельный (bezdéjatelʹnyj) (Russian), pasívny (Slovak), nečinný (Slovak), passiv (Swedish), thụ động (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-b2ZH8i3k Disambiguation of 'taking no action': 4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2
  3. (grammar) Being in the passive voice. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (grammar: being in the passive voice): pësor (Albanian), παθητικός (pathētikós) (Ancient Greek), مَبْنِيٌّ لِلْمَجْهُول (mabniyyun lilmajhūl) (Arabic), կրավորական (kravorakan) (Armenian), məchul (Azerbaijani), зале́жны (zaljéžny) (Belarusian), пасы́ўны (pasýŭny) (Belarusian), страда́телен (stradátelen) (Bulgarian), паси́вен (pasíven) (Bulgarian), 被動 (Chinese Mandarin), 被动 (bèidòng) (Chinese Mandarin), trpný (Czech), passiv (Danish), lijdend (Dutch), lijdelijk (Dutch), passief (Dutch), passiiv (Estonian), passiivinen (Finnish), passiivimuotoinen (Finnish), passif (French), leidend (German), leidentlich (German), passiv (German), passivisch (German), παθητική (pathitikí) (Greek), szenvedő (Hungarian), céasta (Irish), passivo (Italian), 受動態 (judōtai) (alt: じゅどうたい) (Japanese), ಕರ್ಮಣಿ (karmaṇi) (Kannada), 수동태 (sudongtae) (Korean), пасивен (pasiven) (Macedonian), passyf (Middle English), passiv (Norwegian), مجهول (majhul) (Persian), bierny (Polish), passivo (Portuguese), страда́тельный (stradátelʹnyj) (Russian), пасси́вный (passívnyj) (Russian), fulangach (Scottish Gaelic), трпни [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), пасиван [Cyrillic] (Serbo-Croatian), trpni [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), pasivan [Roman] (Serbo-Croatian), trpný (Slovak), trpen (Slovene), pasiven (Slovene), passiv (Swedish), edilgen (Turkish), pasif (Turkish), паси́вний (pasývnyj) (Ukrainian), bị động (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-sh11GRXm Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'grammar: being in the passive voice': 1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4
  4. (psychology) Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one. Categories (topical): Psychology, Personality Translations (psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship): 被動 (Chinese Mandarin), 被动 (bèidòng) (Chinese Mandarin), passief (Dutch), passiivinen (Finnish), unterwürfig (German), passivo (Italian), hoołtsoodii (Navajo), passivo (Portuguese), пасси́вный (passívnyj) (Russian), pasívny (Slovak), pasivo (Spanish), pasif (Turkish)
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-lhdbzOss Disambiguation of Personality: 1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6 Topics: human-sciences, psychology, sciences Disambiguation of 'psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship': 0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2
  5. (finance) Not participating in management. Categories (topical): Finance Translations (finance: not bearing interest): passief (Dutch), koroton (Finnish) Translations (not active, but acted upon): παθητικός (pathētikós) (Ancient Greek), пасы́ўны (pasýŭny) (Belarusian), паси́вен (pasíven) (Bulgarian), passiu (Catalan), 消極 (Chinese Mandarin), 消极 (xiāojí) (Chinese Mandarin), pasivní (Czech), passief (Dutch), loid (Estonian), passiivinen (Finnish), passif (French), passiv (German), passzív (Hungarian), passivo (Italian), 受動的 (judōteki) (alt: じゅどうてき) (Japanese), 受け身 (ukemi) (alt: うけみ) (Japanese), pasyvus (Lithuanian), passyf (Middle English), þrowiendlīċ (Old English), منفعل (monfa'el) (Persian), پاسیو (pâsiv) (Persian), bierny (Polish), passivo (Portuguese), pasiv (Romanian), пасси́вный (passívnyj) (Russian), pasívny (Slovak), pasivo (Spanish), passiv (Swedish), паси́вний (pasývnyj) (Ukrainian), bị động (Vietnamese)
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-coZP0MNb Topics: business, finance Disambiguation of 'finance: not bearing interest': 2 2 1 1 60 5 23 5 Disambiguation of 'not active, but acted upon': 9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21
  6. (aviation) Without motive power. Categories (topical): Aviation, Personality
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-1cMJVlwS Disambiguation of Personality: 1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6 Topics: aeronautics, aerospace, aviation, business, engineering, natural-sciences, physical-sciences
  7. (electronics) Of a component: that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain. Categories (topical): Electronics, Personality
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-1fx5k4HV Disambiguation of Personality: 1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6 Topics: business, electrical-engineering, electricity, electromagnetism, electronics, energy, engineering, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, physics
  8. (passive provision) Where allowance is made for a possible future event.
    Sense id: en-passive-en-adj-ji1vbBQE Categories (other): Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Polish translations Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 6 4 3 3 8 9 6 17 9 4 3 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 7 3 3 3 8 9 6 17 8 4 3 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 6 3 4 3 8 8 6 17 8 4 5 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 6 4 5 5 9 9 6 14 8 4 5 8 17
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: inactive, idle, disinterested, uninvolved Related terms: passion, passionate, patience, patient

Noun

IPA: /ˈpæs.ɪv/ Audio: en-us-passive.ogg Forms: passives [plural]
enPR: păsʹ-ĭv Rhymes: -æsɪv Etymology: From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*peh₁-}}, {{inh|en|enm|passyf}} Middle English passyf, {{der|en|frm|-}} Middle French, {{der|en|fr|passif}} French passif, {{der|en|la|passivus||serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling}} Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*peh₁-||to hurt}} Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} passive (plural passives)
  1. (grammar) The passive voice of verbs. Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-passive-en-noun-Irz0RIOC Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  2. (grammar) A form of a verb that is in the passive voice. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (form of verb): passief [common-gender] (Dutch), passiivimuoto (Finnish), passiivi (Finnish), Passiv [neuter] (German), Passivum [neuter] (German), passives Verb [neuter] (German), passives Verbum [neuter] (German), verbum passivum (Latin), verbum patiendi (Latin), passyf (Middle English), strona bierna [feminine] (Polish), pasívum (Slovak)
    Sense id: en-passive-en-noun-Kn7iZfnd Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'form of verb': 34 66 0 0 0
  3. (marketing) A customer who is satisfied with a product or service, but not keen enough to promote it by word of mouth. Categories (topical): Marketing, Personality
    Sense id: en-passive-en-noun-YLIMZrp6 Disambiguation of Personality: 1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6 Topics: business, marketing
  4. (electronics) Any component that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain. Categories (topical): Electronics, Personality
    Sense id: en-passive-en-noun-nF~gmQOa Disambiguation of Personality: 1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6 Topics: business, electrical-engineering, electricity, electromagnetism, electronics, energy, engineering, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, physics
  5. (gaming) Short for passive attack. Tags: abbreviation, alt-of Alternative form of: passive attack Categories (topical): Gaming
    Sense id: en-passive-en-noun-5BVZHgzj Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Middle English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Kannada translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Lithuanian translations, Terms with Macedonian translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Navajo translations, Terms with Norwegian translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 7 1 4 3 8 8 8 18 4 3 2 9 26 Disambiguation of Middle English entries with incorrect language header: 4 1 3 2 5 5 5 10 3 2 2 5 15 1 9 4 3 3 5 3 5 2 4 1 1 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 4 3 5 5 8 12 8 10 6 4 4 10 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 6 3 4 4 10 10 7 13 6 4 4 9 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 5 3 4 7 9 9 7 13 6 3 7 9 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Belarusian translations: 6 4 4 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 6 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 6 3 4 5 10 9 6 13 6 4 5 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 5 3 5 8 9 9 6 14 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 6 3 4 5 10 8 6 14 5 3 5 9 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 6 4 3 3 8 9 6 17 9 4 3 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 7 3 3 3 8 9 6 17 8 4 3 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 7 4 4 4 9 9 6 16 6 3 4 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 3 2 5 4 5 11 8 11 8 5 3 10 25 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 3 2 5 7 5 11 8 10 6 5 5 10 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 6 3 4 5 10 9 6 13 6 4 6 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Kannada translations: 5 2 4 4 9 10 7 14 7 4 4 9 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Lithuanian translations: 6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Macedonian translations: 6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 4 2 5 5 7 10 10 11 6 5 4 12 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 6 3 4 3 8 8 6 17 8 4 5 8 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Navajo translations: 6 3 3 3 11 8 5 15 7 4 4 8 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian translations: 6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 3 1 11 7 9 6 5 9 12 10 2 8 16 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 6 4 5 5 9 9 6 14 8 4 5 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations: 6 3 4 6 10 9 6 13 6 4 5 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 7 3 3 2 9 7 6 18 8 4 3 8 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 6 3 4 6 10 8 7 14 6 4 5 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 6 3 4 6 10 8 7 14 6 4 5 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19 Topics: games, gaming
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: French passive, Greek passive, impersonal passive, short passive

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for passive meaning in English (38.7kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "active"
    },
    {
      "word": "aggressive"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "activo-passive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "long passive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "neutropassive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive-aggressive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive aggressor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive armour"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive defense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive-dependent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive euthanasia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive gravitational mass"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive immunity"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive income"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive investor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive iron"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive learning"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passively"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive matrix"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passiveness"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive participle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive radar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive resistance"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive resister"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive restraint"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive smoker"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive smoking"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive solar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive vocabulary"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passive voice"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passivity"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passivization"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passivize"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "passyf"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English passyf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "passif"
      },
      "expansion": "French passif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "passivus",
        "4": "",
        "5": "serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to hurt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more passive",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most passive",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "passive (comparative more passive, superlative most passive)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "pas‧sive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passion"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "passionate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "patience"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "patient"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Being subjected to an action without producing a reaction."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-7XNwJzLB",
      "links": [
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ],
        [
          "reaction",
          "reaction"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He remained passive during the protest."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Taking no action."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-b2ZH8i3k",
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "bezdeen",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "бездеен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "loid"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "fulangach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passyf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "pâsiv",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "پاسیو"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "bierny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "passívnyj",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "пасси́вный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "bezdéjatelʹnyj",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "безде́ятельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "pasívny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "nečinný"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 90 0 1 1 2 1 2",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "taking no action",
          "word": "thụ động"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Being in the passive voice."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-sh11GRXm",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Being in the passive voice."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "pësor"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "mabniyyun lilmajhūl",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "مَبْنِيٌّ لِلْمَجْهُول"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "kravorakan",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "կրավորական"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "məchul"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "zaljéžny",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "зале́жны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pasýŭny",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "пасы́ўны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "stradátelen",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "страда́телен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pasíven",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "паси́вен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "被動"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "bèidòng",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "被动"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "trpný"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "lijdend"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "lijdelijk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiivimuotoinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "leidend"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "leidentlich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passivisch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "pathitikí",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "παθητική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "pathētikós",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "παθητικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "szenvedő"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "céasta"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "alt": "じゅどうたい",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "judōtai",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "受動態"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "karmaṇi",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "ಕರ್ಮಣಿ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "sudongtae",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "수동태"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "pasiven",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "пасивен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passyf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "majhul",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "مجهول"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "bierny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "stradátelʹnyj",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "страда́тельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "passívnyj",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "пасси́вный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "fulangach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "трпни"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "пасиван"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "trpni"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "tags": [
            "Roman"
          ],
          "word": "pasivan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "trpný"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "trpen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "pasiven"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "edilgen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "pasif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pasývnyj",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "паси́вний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "1 1 76 5 5 5 4 4",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
          "word": "bị động"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Psychology",
          "orig": "en:Psychology",
          "parents": [
            "Social sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Personality",
          "orig": "en:Personality",
          "parents": [
            "Mind",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-lhdbzOss",
      "links": [
        [
          "psychology",
          "psychology"
        ],
        [
          "inactive",
          "inactive"
        ],
        [
          "submissive",
          "submissive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(psychology) Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "psychology",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "被動"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "bèidòng",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "被动"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "passiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "unterwürfig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "hoołtsoodii"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "passívnyj",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "пасси́вный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "pasívny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "pasivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 1 7 72 5 7 5 2",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
          "word": "pasif"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Finance",
          "orig": "en:Finance",
          "parents": [
            "Business",
            "Economics",
            "Society",
            "Social sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Not participating in management."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-coZP0MNb",
      "links": [
        [
          "finance",
          "finance#Noun"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(finance) Not participating in management."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "finance"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "pasýŭny",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "пасы́ўны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pasíven",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "паси́вен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "消極"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "xiāojí",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "消极"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "pasivní"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "loid"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "pathētikós",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "παθητικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passzív"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "alt": "じゅどうてき",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "judōteki",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "受動的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "alt": "うけみ",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "ukemi",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "受け身"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "pasyvus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passyf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "þrowiendlīċ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "monfa'el",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "منفعل"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "pâsiv",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "پاسیو"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "bierny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "pasiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "passívnyj",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "пасси́вный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "pasívny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "pasivo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "pasývnyj",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "паси́вний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "9 3 3 6 30 8 19 21",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
          "word": "bị động"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 1 1 60 5 23 5",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "finance: not bearing interest",
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 2 1 1 60 5 23 5",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "finance: not bearing interest",
          "word": "koroton"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Aviation",
          "orig": "en:Aviation",
          "parents": [
            "Aeronautics",
            "Transport",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Personality",
          "orig": "en:Personality",
          "parents": [
            "Mind",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "a passive balloon; a passive aeroplane; passive flight, such as gliding and soaring"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Without motive power."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-1cMJVlwS",
      "links": [
        [
          "aviation",
          "aviation"
        ],
        [
          "motive",
          "motive"
        ],
        [
          "power",
          "power"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(aviation) Without motive power."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "aeronautics",
        "aerospace",
        "aviation",
        "business",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Electronics",
          "orig": "en:Electronics",
          "parents": [
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Personality",
          "orig": "en:Personality",
          "parents": [
            "Mind",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of a component: that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-1fx5k4HV",
      "links": [
        [
          "electronics",
          "electronics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(electronics) Of a component: that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "electricity",
        "electromagnetism",
        "electronics",
        "energy",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "physics"
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "active"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "6 4 3 3 8 9 6 17 9 4 3 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 3 8 9 6 17 8 4 3 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 3 8 8 6 17 8 4 5 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 4 5 5 9 9 6 14 8 4 5 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2021 May 5, Paul Clifton, “Network News: Heathrow Western Rail Access scheme 'on hold'”, in RAIL, number 930, page 26",
          "text": "There would be a shuttle service of four trains an hour from Reading, where the rebuilt station also has passive provision for the trains.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Where allowance is made for a possible future event."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-adj-ji1vbBQE",
      "qualifier": "passive provision",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(passive provision) Where allowance is made for a possible future event."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpæs.ɪv/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æsɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-passive.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg/En-us-passive.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "păsʹ-ĭv"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "inactive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "idle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "disinterested"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "uninvolved"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Passive"
  ],
  "word": "passive"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "French passive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Greek passive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "impersonal passive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "short passive"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "passyf"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English passyf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "passif"
      },
      "expansion": "French passif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "passivus",
        "4": "",
        "5": "serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to hurt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "passives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "passive (plural passives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "pas‧sive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The passive voice of verbs."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-noun-Irz0RIOC",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) The passive voice of verbs."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A form of a verb that is in the passive voice."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-noun-Kn7iZfnd",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A form of a verb that is in the passive voice."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "passief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "passiivimuoto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "passiivi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Passiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Passivum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "passives Verb"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "passives Verbum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "verbum passivum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "verbum patiendi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "passyf"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "strona bierna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "34 66 0 0 0",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "form of verb",
          "word": "pasívum"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Marketing",
          "orig": "en:Marketing",
          "parents": [
            "Business",
            "Economics",
            "Society",
            "Social sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Personality",
          "orig": "en:Personality",
          "parents": [
            "Mind",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2014, Roy Barnes, Bob Kelleher, Customer Experience For Dummies, page 266",
          "text": "If you want to improve your organization's NPS, you need to follow up with your detractors, passives, and promoters to understand why they answered your question as they did and what you can do better in the future.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A customer who is satisfied with a product or service, but not keen enough to promote it by word of mouth."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-noun-YLIMZrp6",
      "links": [
        [
          "marketing",
          "marketing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "customer",
          "customer"
        ],
        [
          "satisfied",
          "satisfied"
        ],
        [
          "promote",
          "promote"
        ],
        [
          "word of mouth",
          "word of mouth"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(marketing) A customer who is satisfied with a product or service, but not keen enough to promote it by word of mouth."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "marketing"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Electronics",
          "orig": "en:Electronics",
          "parents": [
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 1 4 19 4 12 12 1 5 5 17 13 6",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Personality",
          "orig": "en:Personality",
          "parents": [
            "Mind",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2001, The Virginia Engineer, volume 50, page 20",
          "text": "Reductions In Both Size And Weight Offered By Integrated Passives\nYou may not know it yet, but if you're like most consumers, you want integrated passives.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Sridhar Canumalla, Puligandla Viswanadham, Portable Consumer Electronics: Packaging, Materials, and Reliability",
          "text": "The components include active devices such as logic, memory, processors, etc.; passives such as capacitors, resistors, crystal oscillators, inductances, etc.; […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any component that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-noun-nF~gmQOa",
      "links": [
        [
          "electronics",
          "electronics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(electronics) Any component that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "electricity",
        "electromagnetism",
        "electronics",
        "energy",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "physics"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "passive attack"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Gaming",
          "orig": "en:Gaming",
          "parents": [
            "Games",
            "Recreation",
            "Human activity",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 1 4 3 8 8 8 18 4 3 2 9 26",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 1 3 2 5 5 5 10 3 2 2 5 15 1 9 4 3 3 5 3 5 2 4 1 1",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 3 5 5 8 12 8 10 6 4 4 10 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 4 10 10 7 13 6 4 4 9 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 3 4 7 9 9 7 13 6 3 7 9 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 4 4 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 6 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Belarusian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 5 10 9 6 13 6 4 5 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 3 5 8 9 9 6 14 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 5 10 8 6 14 5 3 5 9 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 4 3 3 8 9 6 17 9 4 3 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 3 8 9 6 17 8 4 3 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 4 4 4 9 9 6 16 6 3 4 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 2 5 4 5 11 8 11 8 5 3 10 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 2 5 7 5 11 8 10 6 5 5 10 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 5 10 9 6 13 6 4 6 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 2 4 4 9 10 7 14 7 4 4 9 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kannada translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Macedonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 2 5 5 7 10 10 11 6 5 4 12 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 3 8 8 6 17 8 4 5 8 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 3 3 11 8 5 15 7 4 4 8 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Navajo translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 1 11 7 9 6 5 9 12 10 2 8 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 4 5 5 9 9 6 14 8 4 5 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 5 6 9 9 7 14 6 4 5 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 2 9 8 6 17 7 4 3 8 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 9 6 13 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 8 8 9 7 13 6 4 7 8 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 7 10 8 6 13 6 4 7 8 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 3 3 2 9 7 6 18 8 4 3 8 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 8 7 14 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 8 7 14 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 3 4 6 10 9 6 14 6 4 5 8 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for passive attack."
      ],
      "id": "en-passive-en-noun-5BVZHgzj",
      "links": [
        [
          "gaming",
          "gaming#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "passive attack",
          "passive attack#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(gaming) Short for passive attack."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "games",
        "gaming"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpæs.ɪv/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æsɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-passive.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg/En-us-passive.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "păsʹ-ĭv"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Passive"
  ],
  "word": "passive"
}
{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "active"
    },
    {
      "word": "aggressive"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *peh₁-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Middle English adjectives",
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Requests for review of Persian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/æsɪv",
    "Rhymes:English/æsɪv/2 syllables",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kannada translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Middle English translations",
    "Terms with Navajo translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "en:Personality"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "activo-passive"
    },
    {
      "word": "long passive"
    },
    {
      "word": "neutropassive"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive-aggressive"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive aggressor"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive armour"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive defense"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive-dependent"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive euthanasia"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive gravitational mass"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive immunity"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive income"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive investor"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive iron"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive learning"
    },
    {
      "word": "passively"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive matrix"
    },
    {
      "word": "passiveness"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive participle"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive radar"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive resistance"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive resister"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive restraint"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive smoker"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive smoking"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive solar"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive vocabulary"
    },
    {
      "word": "passive voice"
    },
    {
      "word": "passivity"
    },
    {
      "word": "passivization"
    },
    {
      "word": "passivize"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "passyf"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English passyf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "passif"
      },
      "expansion": "French passif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "passivus",
        "4": "",
        "5": "serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to hurt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more passive",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most passive",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "passive (comparative more passive, superlative most passive)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "pas‧sive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "passion"
    },
    {
      "word": "passionate"
    },
    {
      "word": "patience"
    },
    {
      "word": "patient"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Being subjected to an action without producing a reaction."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ],
        [
          "reaction",
          "reaction"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He remained passive during the protest."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Taking no action."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Being in the passive voice."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Being in the passive voice."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Psychology"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "psychology",
          "psychology"
        ],
        [
          "inactive",
          "inactive"
        ],
        [
          "submissive",
          "submissive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(psychology) Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "psychology",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Finance"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Not participating in management."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "finance",
          "finance#Noun"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(finance) Not participating in management."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "finance"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Aviation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "a passive balloon; a passive aeroplane; passive flight, such as gliding and soaring"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Without motive power."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "aviation",
          "aviation"
        ],
        [
          "motive",
          "motive"
        ],
        [
          "power",
          "power"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(aviation) Without motive power."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "aeronautics",
        "aerospace",
        "aviation",
        "business",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Electronics"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of a component: that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "electronics",
          "electronics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(electronics) Of a component: that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "electricity",
        "electromagnetism",
        "electronics",
        "energy",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "physics"
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "active"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2021 May 5, Paul Clifton, “Network News: Heathrow Western Rail Access scheme 'on hold'”, in RAIL, number 930, page 26",
          "text": "There would be a shuttle service of four trains an hour from Reading, where the rebuilt station also has passive provision for the trains.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Where allowance is made for a possible future event."
      ],
      "qualifier": "passive provision",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(passive provision) Where allowance is made for a possible future event."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpæs.ɪv/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æsɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-passive.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg/En-us-passive.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "păsʹ-ĭv"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "inactive"
    },
    {
      "word": "idle"
    },
    {
      "word": "disinterested"
    },
    {
      "word": "uninvolved"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pasýŭny",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "пасы́ўны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pasíven",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "паси́вен"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "消極"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "xiāojí",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "消极"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "pasivní"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "loid"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passif"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "pathētikós",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "παθητικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passzív"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "じゅどうてき",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "judōteki",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "受動的"
    },
    {
      "alt": "うけみ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "ukemi",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "受け身"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "pasyvus"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passyf"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "þrowiendlīċ"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "monfa'el",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "منفعل"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "pâsiv",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "پاسیو"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "bierny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "pasiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "passívnyj",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "пасси́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "pasívny"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "pasivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pasývnyj",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "паси́вний"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "not active, but acted upon",
      "word": "bị động"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "bezdeen",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "бездеен"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "loid"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "fulangach"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passyf"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "pâsiv",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "پاسیو"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "bierny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "passívnyj",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "пасси́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "bezdéjatelʹnyj",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "безде́ятельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "pasívny"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "nečinný"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "taking no action",
      "word": "thụ động"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "pësor"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "mabniyyun lilmajhūl",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "مَبْنِيٌّ لِلْمَجْهُول"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "kravorakan",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "կրավորական"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "məchul"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "zaljéžny",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "зале́жны"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "pasýŭny",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "пасы́ўны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "stradátelen",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "страда́телен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pasíven",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "паси́вен"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "被動"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bèidòng",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "被动"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "trpný"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "lijdend"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "lijdelijk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiivimuotoinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passif"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "leidend"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "leidentlich"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passivisch"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "pathitikí",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "παθητική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "pathētikós",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "παθητικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "szenvedő"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "céasta"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "じゅどうたい",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "judōtai",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "受動態"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "karmaṇi",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "ಕರ್ಮಣಿ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "sudongtae",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "수동태"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "pasiven",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "пасивен"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passyf"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "majhul",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "مجهول"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "bierny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "stradátelʹnyj",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "страда́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "passívnyj",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "пасси́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "fulangach"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "трпни"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "пасиван"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "trpni"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "tags": [
        "Roman"
      ],
      "word": "pasivan"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "trpný"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "trpen"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "pasiven"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "edilgen"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "pasif"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "pasývnyj",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "паси́вний"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "grammar: being in the passive voice",
      "word": "bị động"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "被動"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bèidòng",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "被动"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "passiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "unterwürfig"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "hoołtsoodii"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "passivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "passívnyj",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "пасси́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "pasívny"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "pasivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "psychology: being inactive and receptive in a relationship",
      "word": "pasif"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "finance: not bearing interest",
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "finance: not bearing interest",
      "word": "koroton"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Passive"
  ],
  "word": "passive"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *peh₁-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Middle English adjectives",
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Requests for review of Persian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/æsɪv",
    "Rhymes:English/æsɪv/2 syllables",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kannada translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Middle English translations",
    "Terms with Navajo translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "en:Personality"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "French passive"
    },
    {
      "word": "Greek passive"
    },
    {
      "word": "impersonal passive"
    },
    {
      "word": "short passive"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "passyf"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English passyf",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "passif"
      },
      "expansion": "French passif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "passivus",
        "4": "",
        "5": "serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*peh₁-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to hurt"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English passyf, passyve, from Middle French, French passif, from Latin passivus (“serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling”), from passus, past participle of pati (“to suffer”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”); compare patient.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "passives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "passive (plural passives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "pas‧sive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The passive voice of verbs."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) The passive voice of verbs."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A form of a verb that is in the passive voice."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A form of a verb that is in the passive voice."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned",
        "en:Marketing"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2014, Roy Barnes, Bob Kelleher, Customer Experience For Dummies, page 266",
          "text": "If you want to improve your organization's NPS, you need to follow up with your detractors, passives, and promoters to understand why they answered your question as they did and what you can do better in the future.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A customer who is satisfied with a product or service, but not keen enough to promote it by word of mouth."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "marketing",
          "marketing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "customer",
          "customer"
        ],
        [
          "satisfied",
          "satisfied"
        ],
        [
          "promote",
          "promote"
        ],
        [
          "word of mouth",
          "word of mouth"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(marketing) A customer who is satisfied with a product or service, but not keen enough to promote it by word of mouth."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "marketing"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned",
        "en:Electronics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2001, The Virginia Engineer, volume 50, page 20",
          "text": "Reductions In Both Size And Weight Offered By Integrated Passives\nYou may not know it yet, but if you're like most consumers, you want integrated passives.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010, Sridhar Canumalla, Puligandla Viswanadham, Portable Consumer Electronics: Packaging, Materials, and Reliability",
          "text": "The components include active devices such as logic, memory, processors, etc.; passives such as capacitors, resistors, crystal oscillators, inductances, etc.; […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any component that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "electronics",
          "electronics"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(electronics) Any component that consumes but does not produce energy, or is incapable of power gain."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "electrical-engineering",
        "electricity",
        "electromagnetism",
        "electronics",
        "energy",
        "engineering",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "physics"
      ]
    },
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "passive attack"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English short forms",
        "en:Gaming"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Short for passive attack."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "gaming",
          "gaming#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "passive attack",
          "passive attack#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(gaming) Short for passive attack."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation",
        "alt-of"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "games",
        "gaming"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpæs.ɪv/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æsɪv"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-passive.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg/En-us-passive.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/51/En-us-passive.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "păsʹ-ĭv"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "passief"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "passiivimuoto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "passiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Passiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Passivum"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "passives Verb"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "passives Verbum"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "verbum passivum"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "verbum patiendi"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "passyf"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "strona bierna"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "form of verb",
      "word": "pasívum"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Passive"
  ],
  "word": "passive"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.