"grammar" meaning in English

See grammar in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/ [General-American] Audio: en-us-grammar.ogg [General-American] Forms: grammars [plural]
enPR: gră'mər Rhymes: -æmə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*gerbʰ-}}, {{inh|en|enm|gramere}} Middle English gramere, {{der|en|fro|gramaire||classical learning}} Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), {{der|en|VL.|*grammāria}} Vulgar Latin *grammāria, {{der|en|la|grammatica}} Latin grammatica, {{der|en|grc|γραμματική||skilled in writing}} Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), {{m|grc|γράμμα||line of writing}} γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), {{m|grc|γράφω||write}} γράφω (gráphō, “write”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*gerbʰ-||to carve, scratch}} Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”), {{ncog|ang|stæfcræft}} Old English stæfcræft, {{doublet|en|glamour|glamoury|gramarye|grimoire|nocap=1}} doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} grammar (countable and uncountable, plural grammars)
  1. A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language. Tags: countable, uncountable Translations (rules for speaking and writing a language): grammatika (Afrikaans), gramatikë [feminine] (Albanian), ሰዋሰው (säwasäw) (Amharic), γραμματική (grammatikḗ) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), قَوَاعِد (qawāʕid) [plural] (Arabic), نَحْو (naḥw) [masculine] (Arabic), قَواعِد (qawāʕid) [Hijazi-Arabic, feminine, plural] (Arabic), gramatica [feminine] (Aragonese), քերականություն (kʻerakanutʻyun) (Armenian), ব্যাকৰণ (byakoron) (Assamese), gramática [feminine] (Asturian), qrammatika (Azerbaijani), грамматика (grammatika) (Bashkir), gramatika (Basque), грама́тыка (hramátyka) [feminine] (Belarusian), ব্যাকরণ (bêkron) (Bengali), balanghayan (Bikol Central), yezhadur (Breton), грама́тика (gramátika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), သဒ္ဒါ (sadda) (Burmese), ґрама́тіка (gramátika) [feminine] (Carpathian Rusyn), gramàtica [feminine] (Catalan), ڕێزمان (rêzman) (Central Kurdish), йүфа (yüfa) [Dungan] (Chinese), 文法 (zh-min-nan) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 語法 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 语法 (zh-min-nan) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 文法 (man⁴ faat³) (Chinese Cantonese), 語法 (Chinese Cantonese), 语法 (jyu⁵ faat³) (Chinese Cantonese), 語法 (Chinese Mandarin), 语法 (yǔfǎ) (Chinese Mandarin), 文法 (wénfǎ) (Chinese Mandarin), грамматика (grammat̬ik̬a) (Chuvash), mluvnice [feminine] (Czech), gramatika [feminine] (Czech), grammatik [common-gender] (Danish), spraakkunst [feminine] (Dutch), grammatica [feminine] (Dutch), 語法 (Eastern Min Chinese), 语法 (ngṳ̄-huák) (Eastern Min Chinese), gramatiko (Esperanto), grammatika (Estonian), keeleõpetus (Estonian), mállæra [feminine] (Faroese), vyakaran (Fiji-Hindi), kielioppi (Finnish), grammaire [feminine] (French), gramática [feminine] (Galician), გრამატიკა (gramaṭiḳa) (Georgian), Grammatik [feminine] (German), Sprachlehre [feminine] (German), γραμματική (grammatikí) [feminine] (Greek), oqaasilerissutit (Greenlandic), વ્યાકરણ (vyākraṇ) [masculine] (Gujarati), 語法 (Hakka Chinese), 语法 (ngî-fap) (Hakka Chinese), nahawu (Hausa), דִּקְדּוּק (dikdúk) [masculine] (Hebrew), व्याकरण (vyākraṇ) [masculine] (Hindi), ब्याकरण (byākraṇ) [masculine] (Hindi), nyelvtan (Hungarian), málfræði [feminine] (Icelandic), alagadan (Ilocano), tata bahasa (Indonesian), grammatikka (Ingrian), grammatica (Interlingua), gramadach [feminine] (Irish), grammatica [feminine] (Italian), 文法 (bunpō) (alt: ぶんぽう) (Japanese), kawaayid (Juba Arabic), ವ್ಯಾಕರಣ (vyākaraṇa) (Kannada), грамматика (grammatika) (Kazakh), វេយ្យាករណ៍ (vɨyyiəkɑɑ) (Khmer), 문법 (munbeop) (alt: 文法) (Korean), грамматика (grammatika) (Kyrgyz), gramatika (Ladino), ໄວຍະກອນ (wai nya kǭn) (Lao), gramatika [feminine] (Latvian), gramatika [feminine] (Lithuanian), Grammaire [feminine] (Luxembourgish), Grammatik [feminine] (Luxembourgish), граматика (gramatika) [feminine] (Macedonian), tatabahasa (Malay), parmasastera (Malay), വ്യാകരണം (vyākaraṇaṁ) (Malayalam), grammatika [feminine] (Maltese), grammeydys (Manx), tikanga wetereo (Maori), wetereo (Maori), व्याकरण (vyākraṇ) [neuter] (Marathi), gramere (Middle English), gramática [feminine] (Mirandese), хэл зүй (xel züj) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), дүрэм (dürem) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), хэлний зүй (xelnii züj) (english: esp China) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠵᠦᠢ (kele ǰüi) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ᠳᠦᠷᠢᠮ (dürim) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠦᠢ (kelen-ü ǰüi) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), व्याकरण (vyākaraṇ) (Nepali), व्याकरण (wyākaraṇa) (Newar), grammaithe [feminine] (Norman), rêziman [feminine] (Northern Kurdish), giellaoahppa (Northern Sami), grammatikk [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), grammatikk [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), gramatica [feminine] (Occitan), stæfcræft [masculine] (Old English), грамматикӕ (grammatikæ) (Ossetian), ګرامر (gerāmar) [masculine] (Pashto), صرف و نحو (sarf o nahwa) [feminine] (Pashto), پښويه (px̌oya) [feminine] (Pashto), ژبدود (žǝbdod) [masculine] (Pashto), ګړپوهنه (gǝṛpohǝna) [feminine] (Pashto), دَسْتورِ زَبان (dastur-e zabân) (Persian), گِرامِر (gerâmer) (Persian), gramatyka [feminine] (Polish), gramática [feminine] (Portuguese), ਵਿਆਕਰਨ (viākaran) (Punjabi), simi kamachiy (Quechua), gramatică [feminine] (Romanian), грамма́тика (grammátika) [feminine] (Russian), ikibonezamvugo [Rwanda] (Rwanda-Rundi), gramatėka [feminine] (Samogitian), व्याकरण (vyākaraṇa) [neuter] (Sanskrit), gràmar [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), грама̀тика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), сло́вница [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), gramàtika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), slóvnica [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), ව්යාකරණ (wyākaraṇa) (Sinhalese), gramatika [feminine] (Slovak), slovnica (Slovene), gramática [feminine] (Spanish), sarufi (Swahili), grammatik [common-gender] (Swedish), balarila (Tagalog), дастури забон (dasturi zabon) (Tajik), грамматика (grammatika) (Tajik), இலக்கணம் (ilakkaṇam) (Tamil), грамматика (grammatika) (Tatar), నామవాచకం (nāmavācakaṁ) (Telugu), ไวยากรณ์ (wai-yaa-gɔɔn) (Thai), བརྡ་སྤྲོད་ཀྱི་གཞུང (brda sprod kyi gzhung) (Tibetan), སུམ་རྟགས (sum rtags) (Tibetan), dil bilgisi (Turkish), gramer (Turkish), grammatika (Turkmen), грама́тика (hramátyka) [feminine] (Ukrainian), قَواعِد (qavā'id) [masculine, plural] (Urdu), قَواعِدِ زَبان (qavā'id-i zabān) [masculine, plural] (Urdu), گرامماتىكا (grammatika) (Uyghur), grammatika (Uzbek), ngữ pháp (alt: 語法) (Vietnamese), văn phạm (Vietnamese), gramat (Volapük), gramadeg (Welsh), 語法 (Wu Chinese), 语法 (⁶gniu-faq) (Wu Chinese), גראַמאַטיק (gramatik) [feminine] (Yiddish), grammaotica (Zealandic), yijfaz (Zhuang)
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-1tRgAmby Disambiguation of 'rules for speaking and writing a language': 30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7
  2. (uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax). Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Linguistics Translations (study of internal structure and use of words): gramatikë [feminine] (Albanian), γραμματική (grammatikḗ) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), عِلْم قَوَاعِد (ʕilm qawāʕid) [masculine] (Arabic), грама́тыка (hramátyka) [feminine] (Belarusian), грама́тика (gramátika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), gramàtica (Catalan), kielioppi (Finnish), grammaire [feminine] (French), gramática [feminine] (Galician), Grammatik [feminine] (German), Grammatiktheorie [feminine] (German), Sprachlehre [feminine] (German), Sprachkunst [feminine] (German), γραμματική (grammatikí) [feminine] (Greek), grammatica (Interlingua), grammatica [feminine] (Italian), 文法 (bunpō) (alt: ぶんぽう) (Japanese), Korean: 문법 (munbeop) (alt: 文法) (Korean), 문법학 (munbeophak) (alt: 文法學) (Korean), grammatica [feminine] (Latin), grammatice [feminine] (Latin), litteratio [feminine] (Latin), litteratoria [feminine] (Latin), gramatika [feminine] (Latvian), граматика (gramatika) [feminine] (Macedonian), wetereo (Maori), grammaithe [feminine] (Norman), دَسْتورِ زَبان (dastur-e zabân) (Persian), گِرامِر (gerâmer) (Persian), gramatyka [feminine] (Polish), gramática [feminine] (Portuguese), грамма́тика (grammátika) [feminine] (Russian), gràmar [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), грама̀тика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), gramàtika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), slovnica (Slovene), gramática [feminine] (Spanish), grammatik [common-gender] (Swedish), дастури забон (dasturi zabon) (Tajik), грамматика (grammatika) (Tajik), dil bilgisi (Turkish), gramer (Turkish)
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-vUARuyvp Topics: human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'study of internal structure and use of words': 2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4
  3. A book describing the rules of grammar of a language. Tags: countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-AV0kc7fz
  4. (computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Theory of computing
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-a~hKuQaz Topics: computing, computing-theory, engineering, mathematics, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, sciences
  5. Actual or presumed prescriptive notions about the correct use of a language. Tags: countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-ztbP4M85
  6. (computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Theory of computing Synonyms (study & field of study in medieval Latin contexts): glomery
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-AKIS9Rtt Categories (other): Eastern Min terms with redundant transliterations, English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Eastern Min terms with redundant transliterations: 5 3 7 16 7 35 2 6 4 15 2 Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 6 3 8 17 8 35 1 5 4 11 1 Topics: computing, computing-theory, engineering, mathematics, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, sciences Disambiguation of 'study & field of study in medieval Latin contexts': 5 7 8 15 7 32 6 5 4 11
  7. The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill. Tags: countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-0~osnyCz
  8. (British, archaic) A book describing these rules or principles; a textbook. Tags: British, archaic, countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-d26qmWs9 Categories (other): British English
  9. (UK) A grammar school. Tags: UK, countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-noun-2Ic6lV4N Categories (other): British English
  10. (cellular automata) A set of component patterns, along with the rules for connecting them, which can be combined to form more complex patterns such as large still lifes, oscillators, and spaceships. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Cellular automata
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: morpho-syntax (english: from the relationship between morphology and syntax) [linguistics, human-sciences, sciences], grammary [archaic], grammer [obsolete] Hyponyms: context-sensitive grammar, finite-state grammar, Turing-complete grammar, normative grammar Related terms: glamour, gramarye Translations (book describing grammar): قَوَاعِد (qawāʕid) [plural] (Arabic), уче́бник по грама́тика (učébnik po gramátika) [masculine] (Bulgarian), gramàtica (Catalan), spraakkunstboek [neuter] (Dutch), grammatika (Estonian), mállæra [feminine] (Faroese), kielioppikirja (Finnish), grammaire [feminine] (French), gramática [feminine] (Galician), Grammatik [feminine] (German), Sprachlehre [feminine] (German), γραμματική (grammatikí) [feminine] (Greek), málfræði [feminine] (Icelandic), málfræðibók [feminine] (Icelandic), grammatica (Interlingua), grammatica [feminine] (Italian), 文法書 (bunpōsho) (alt: ぶんぽうしょ) (Japanese), 문법책 (munbeopchaek) (alt: 文法冊) (Korean), gramatika [feminine] (Latvian), граматика (gramatika) [feminine] (Macedonian), lioar ghrammeydys [feminine] (Manx), pukapuka wetereo (Maori), grammaithe [feminine] (Norman), grammatikk [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), grammatikk [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), gramatica [feminine] (Occitan), gramática [feminine] (Portuguese), уче́бник по грамма́тике (učébnik po grammátike) [masculine] (Russian), грамма́тика (grammátika) [feminine] (Russian), грама̀тика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), сло́вница [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), gramàtika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), slóvnica [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), slovnica (Slovene), gramática [feminine] (Spanish), grammatik [common-gender] (Swedish), grammatikbok [common-gender] (Swedish), språklära [common-gender] (Swedish), dil bilgisi kitabı (Turkish), gramer kitabı (Turkish), грама́тика (hramátyka) [feminine] (Ukrainian) Translations (in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language): قَوَاعِد (qawāʕid) [plural] (Arabic), грама́тика (gramátika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), 語法 (Chinese Mandarin), 语法 (yǔfǎ) (Chinese Mandarin), gramatika [feminine] (Czech), kielioppi (Finnish), grammaire [feminine] (French), gramática [feminine] (Galician), Grammatik [feminine] (German), γραμματική (grammatikí) [feminine] (Greek), 文法 (bunpō) (alt: ぶんぽう) (Japanese), граматика (gramatika) [feminine] (Macedonian), grammaithe [feminine] (Norman), gramatyka [feminine] (Polish), gramática [feminine] (Portuguese), грамма́тика (grammátika) [feminine] (Russian), грама̀тика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), gramàtika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), grammatik [common-gender] (Swedish)

Verb

IPA: /ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/ [General-American] Audio: en-us-grammar.ogg [General-American] Forms: grammars [present, singular, third-person], grammaring [participle, present], grammared [participle, past], grammared [past]
enPR: gră'mər Rhymes: -æmə(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*gerbʰ-}}, {{inh|en|enm|gramere}} Middle English gramere, {{der|en|fro|gramaire||classical learning}} Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), {{der|en|VL.|*grammāria}} Vulgar Latin *grammāria, {{der|en|la|grammatica}} Latin grammatica, {{der|en|grc|γραμματική||skilled in writing}} Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), {{m|grc|γράμμα||line of writing}} γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), {{m|grc|γράφω||write}} γράφω (gráphō, “write”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*gerbʰ-||to carve, scratch}} Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”), {{ncog|ang|stæfcræft}} Old English stæfcræft, {{doublet|en|glamour|glamoury|gramarye|grimoire|nocap=1}} doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire Head templates: {{en-verb}} grammar (third-person singular simple present grammars, present participle grammaring, simple past and past participle grammared)
  1. (obsolete, intransitive) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar. Tags: intransitive, obsolete
    Sense id: en-grammar-en-verb-XeJ64y0r
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: grammary [archaic], grammer [obsolete]

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for grammar meaning in English (61.6kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "artificial grammar learning"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "case grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "categorial grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "compositional grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "construction grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "context-free grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "dependence grammar"
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    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "dependency grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "formal grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "generative grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar checker"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar cop"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammarian"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar induction"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammarless"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammarlike"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar Nazi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar nazi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar police"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "grammar school"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Montague grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "natural grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "transformational grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "universal grammar"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "gramere"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English gramere",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "gramaire",
        "4": "",
        "5": "classical learning"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French gramaire (“classical learning”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*grammāria"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *grammāria",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "grammatica"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin grammatica",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "γραμματική",
        "4": "",
        "5": "skilled in writing"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράμμα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "line of writing"
      },
      "expansion": "γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράφω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "write"
      },
      "expansion": "γράφω (gráphō, “write”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to carve, scratch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "stæfcræft"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English stæfcræft",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "glamour",
        "3": "glamoury",
        "4": "gramarye",
        "5": "grimoire",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grammars",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "grammar (countable and uncountable, plural grammars)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "gram‧mar"
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "context-sensitive grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "finite-state grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Turing-complete grammar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "normative grammar"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "glamour"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "gramarye"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-1tRgAmby",
      "links": [
        [
          "system",
          "system"
        ],
        [
          "rule",
          "rule"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatikë"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "am",
          "lang": "Amharic",
          "roman": "säwasäw",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ሰዋሰው"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qawāʕid",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "قَوَاعِد"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "naḥw",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "نَحْو"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "acw",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "qawāʕid",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Hijazi-Arabic",
            "feminine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "قَواعِد"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "pga",
          "lang": "Juba Arabic",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "kawaayid"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "an",
          "lang": "Aragonese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "kʻerakanutʻyun",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "քերականություն"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "as",
          "lang": "Assamese",
          "roman": "byakoron",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ব্যাকৰণ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "qrammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "hramátyka",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама́тыка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "bêkron",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ব্যাকরণ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "bcl",
          "lang": "Bikol Central",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "balanghayan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "yezhadur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "gramátika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама́тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "sadda",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "သဒ္ဒါ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "rue",
          "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
          "roman": "gramátika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ґрама́тіка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramàtica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "man⁴ faat³",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "文法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "jyu⁵ faat³",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "dng",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "yüfa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Dungan"
          ],
          "word": "йүфа"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cdo",
          "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cdo",
          "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
          "roman": "ngṳ̄-huák",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "roman": "ngî-fap",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "zh-min-nan",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "文法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "zh-min-nan",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "yǔfǎ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "wénfǎ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "文法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "wuu",
          "lang": "Wu Chinese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "語法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "wuu",
          "lang": "Wu Chinese",
          "roman": "⁶gniu-faq",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "语法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cv",
          "lang": "Chuvash",
          "roman": "grammat̬ik̬a",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "mluvnice"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "spraakkunst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramatiko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "keeleõpetus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "mállæra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "kielioppi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammaire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "gramaṭiḳa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "გრამატიკა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sprachlehre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "grammatikí",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γραμματική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "grammatikḗ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γραμματική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "kl",
          "lang": "Greenlandic",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "oqaasilerissutit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "vyākraṇ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "વ્યાકરણ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ha",
          "lang": "Hausa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "nahawu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "dikdúk",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "דִּקְדּוּק"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "vyākraṇ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "व्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "byākraṇ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ब्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hif",
          "lang": "Fiji-Hindi",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "vyakaran"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "nyelvtan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "málfræði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ilo",
          "lang": "Ilocano",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "alagadan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "tata bahasa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "izh",
          "lang": "Ingrian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatikka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramadach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "alt": "ぶんぽう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "bunpō",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "文法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "vyākaraṇa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ವ್ಯಾಕರಣ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "vɨyyiəkɑɑ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "វេយ្យាករណ៍"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "alt": "文法",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "munbeop",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "문법"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "rêzman",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ڕێزمان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "rêziman"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lad",
          "lang": "Ladino",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "wai nya kǭn",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ໄວຍະກອນ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Grammaire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "gramatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "граматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "tatabahasa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "parmasastera"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "vyākaraṇaṁ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "വ്യാകരണം"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammeydys"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "tikanga wetereo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "wetereo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "vyākraṇ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "व्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mwl",
          "lang": "Mirandese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "xel züj",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "хэл зүй"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "dürem",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "дүрэм"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "english": "esp China",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "xelnii züj",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "хэлний зүй"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "kele ǰüi",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠵᠦᠢ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "dürim",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠳᠦᠷᠢᠮ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "kelen-ü ǰüi",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠦᠢ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ne",
          "lang": "Nepali",
          "roman": "vyākaraṇ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "व्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "new",
          "lang": "Newar",
          "roman": "wyākaraṇa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "व्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammaithe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "se",
          "lang": "Northern Sami",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "giellaoahppa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatikk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatikk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "stæfcræft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "os",
          "lang": "Ossetian",
          "roman": "grammatikæ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматикӕ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "gerāmar",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ګرامر"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "sarf o nahwa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "صرف و نحو"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "px̌oya",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "پښويه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "žǝbdod",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ژبدود"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "gǝṛpohǝna",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ګړپوهنه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "dastur-e zabân",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "دَسْتورِ زَبان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "gerâmer",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "گِرامِر"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatyka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "viākaran",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ਵਿਆਕਰਨ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "simi kamachiy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatică"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "grammátika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грамма́тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "rw",
          "lang": "Rwanda-Rundi",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Rwanda"
          ],
          "word": "ikibonezamvugo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sgs",
          "lang": "Samogitian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatėka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "vyākaraṇa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "व्याकरण"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "gràmar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама̀тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "сло́вница"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramàtika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "slóvnica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "si",
          "lang": "Sinhalese",
          "roman": "wyākaraṇa",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ව්යාකරණ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "slovnica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "sarufi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "balarila"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "dasturi zabon",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "дастури забон"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "ilakkaṇam",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "இலக்கணம்"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tt",
          "lang": "Tatar",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "nāmavācakaṁ",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "నామవాచకం"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "wai-yaa-gɔɔn",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ไวยากรณ์"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "brda sprod kyi gzhung",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "བརྡ་སྤྲོད་ཀྱི་གཞུང"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "sum rtags",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "སུམ་རྟགས"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "dil bilgisi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "hramátyka",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама́тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "qavā'id",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "قَواعِد"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "qavā'id-i zabān",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "قَواعِدِ زَبان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "گرامماتىكا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "alt": "語法",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "ngữ pháp"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "văn phạm"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "gramadeg"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "gramatik",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "גראַמאַטיק"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "zea",
          "lang": "Zealandic",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "grammaotica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "30 2 13 14 10 13 4 5 2 7",
          "code": "za",
          "lang": "Zhuang",
          "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
          "word": "yijfaz"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Linguistics",
          "orig": "en:Linguistics",
          "parents": [
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax)."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-vUARuyvp",
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "morphology",
          "morphology"
        ],
        [
          "syntax",
          "syntax"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatikë"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ʕilm qawāʕid",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "عِلْم قَوَاعِد"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "hramátyka",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама́тыка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "gramátika",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама́тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "gramàtica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "kielioppi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammaire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Grammatiktheorie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sprachlehre"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sprachkunst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "grammatikí",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γραμματική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "grammatikḗ",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γραμματική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "alt": "ぶんぽう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "bunpō",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "文法"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "alt": "文法",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "munbeop",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "Korean: 문법"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "alt": "文法學",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "munbeophak",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "문법학"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammatice"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "litteratio"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "litteratoria"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "gramatika",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "граматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "wetereo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grammaithe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "dastur-e zabân",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "دَسْتورِ زَبان"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "gerâmer",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "گِرامِر"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramatyka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "grammátika",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грамма́тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "gràmar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "грама̀тика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramàtika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "slovnica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gramática"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "grammatik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "dasturi zabon",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "дастури забон"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "grammatika",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "грамматика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "dil bilgisi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "2 48 1 8 13 15 3 2 5 4",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
          "word": "gramer"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A book describing the rules of grammar of a language."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-AV0kc7fz",
      "links": [
        [
          "book",
          "book"
        ],
        [
          "describing",
          "describe"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Theory of computing",
          "orig": "en:Theory of computing",
          "parents": [
            "Computer science",
            "Computing",
            "Sciences",
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, Patrick Blackburn · Johan Bos · Kristina Striegnitz, Learn Prolog Now!, §8.2",
          "text": "Because real lexicons are big and complex, from a software engineering perspective it is best to write simple grammars that have a simple, well-defined way, of pulling out the information they need from vast lexicons. That is, grammars should be thought of as separate entities which can access the information contained in lexicons. We can then use specialised mechanisms for efficiently storing the lexicon and retrieving data from it."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A formal system specifying the syntax of a language."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-a~hKuQaz",
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "syntax",
          "syntax"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Actual or presumed prescriptive notions about the correct use of a language."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-ztbP4M85",
      "links": [
        [
          "Actual",
          "actual"
        ],
        [
          "presumed",
          "presumed"
        ],
        [
          "prescriptive",
          "prescriptive"
        ],
        [
          "notions",
          "notions"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
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          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Theory of computing",
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 3 7 16 7 35 2 6 4 15 2",
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          "name": "Eastern Min terms with redundant transliterations",
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            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
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        {
          "_dis": "6 3 8 17 8 35 1 5 4 11 1",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
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            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
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        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A formal system defining a formal language"
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-AKIS9Rtt",
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "formal system",
          "formal system"
        ],
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          "formal language"
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      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "_dis1": "5 7 8 15 7 32 6 5 4 11",
          "sense": "study & field of study in medieval Latin contexts",
          "word": "glomery"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
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    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2011, Javier Solana, Daniel Innerarity, Project Syndicate, The New Grammar of Power",
          "text": "We must learn a new grammar of power in a world that is made up more of the common good – or the common bad – than of self-interest or national interest.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-0~osnyCz",
      "links": [
        [
          "rule",
          "rule"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "knowledge",
          "knowledge"
        ],
        [
          "skill",
          "skill"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "British English",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "a grammar of geography",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1926, G[ilbert] K[eith] Chesterton, “VI: A Summary”, in The Outline of Sanity, London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., →OCLC",
          "text": "To turn this sort of mixture of a gossip and a gospel into anything like a grammar of Distributism has been quite impossible.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A book describing these rules or principles; a textbook."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-d26qmWs9",
      "links": [
        [
          "book",
          "book"
        ],
        [
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        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
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          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(British, archaic) A book describing these rules or principles; a textbook."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "British",
        "archaic",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "British English",
          "parents": [],
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        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "2012 January 11, Graeme Paton, “A green light for more grammars?”, in The Daily Telegraph:",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A grammar school."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-2Ic6lV4N",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar school",
          "grammar school"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(UK) A grammar school."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Cellular automata",
          "orig": "en:Cellular automata",
          "parents": [
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            "Theory of computing",
            "Formal sciences",
            "Computer science",
            "Sciences",
            "Computing",
            "All topics",
            "Technology",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1991 April 4, Bill Gosper, “LIFELINE:in search of the newsletter”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Hickerson has a computer program which found a spaceship with speed c/3. In fact a whole grammar of them.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1992 August 27, David Bell, “Spaceships in Conway's Life (Part 2a)”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Within a few hours of finding the first period 2 ship, Dean had discovered a grammar for constructing an infinite number of different short, wide, period 2 spaceships. A grammar is an \"alphabet\" of \"components\", along with rules for the possible sequences of connections between components. Components are simply the identifiable pieces of a ship which reappear over and over in different ships in different combinations.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1994 January 21, Harold McIntosh, “de Bruijn diagrams”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Dean's discovery included a much more plentiful family than just the light, medium, and heavy weight spaceships that have been known since the beginning, which he was able to organize into a series of tiles and a grammar for them.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A set of component patterns, along with the rules for connecting them, which can be combined to form more complex patterns such as large still lifes, oscillators, and spaceships."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-noun-U09q8o0h",
      "links": [
        [
          "cellular automata",
          "cellular automata"
        ],
        [
          "pattern",
          "pattern"
        ],
        [
          "still life",
          "still life"
        ],
        [
          "oscillator",
          "oscillator"
        ],
        [
          "spaceship",
          "spaceship"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cellular automata) A set of component patterns, along with the rules for connecting them, which can be combined to form more complex patterns such as large still lifes, oscillators, and spaceships."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "cellular-automata",
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æmə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-grammar.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg/En-us-grammar.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg",
      "tags": [
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      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "gră'mər"
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      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "english": "from the relationship between morphology and syntax",
      "topics": [
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        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
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      "word": "morpho-syntax"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "grammary"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "grammer"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "učébnik po gramátika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "уче́бник по грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "gramàtica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "spraakkunstboek"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "mállæra"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "kielioppikirja"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachlehre"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfræði"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfræðibók"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "alt": "ぶんぽうしょ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpōsho",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "文法書"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "alt": "文法冊",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "munbeopchaek",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "문법책"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lioar ghrammeydys"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "pukapuka wetereo"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "učébnik po grammátike",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "уче́бник по грамма́тике"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "сло́вница"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "slóvnica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "slovnica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikbok"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "språklära"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "dil bilgisi kitabı"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "gramer kitabı"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 2 24 10 5 22 2 22 1 8",
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "hramátyka",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "gramátika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yǔfǎ",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "kielioppi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "alt": "ぶんぽう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpō",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatyka"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "5 4 7 33 7 36 1 1 2 5",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grammar"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "gramere"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English gramere",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "gramaire",
        "4": "",
        "5": "classical learning"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French gramaire (“classical learning”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*grammāria"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *grammāria",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "grammatica"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin grammatica",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "γραμματική",
        "4": "",
        "5": "skilled in writing"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράμμα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "line of writing"
      },
      "expansion": "γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράφω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "write"
      },
      "expansion": "γράφω (gráphō, “write”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to carve, scratch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "stæfcræft"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English stæfcræft",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "glamour",
        "3": "glamoury",
        "4": "gramarye",
        "5": "grimoire",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grammars",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammaring",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammared",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammared",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "grammar (third-person singular simple present grammars, present participle grammaring, simple past and past participle grammared)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "gram‧mar"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar."
      ],
      "id": "en-grammar-en-verb-XeJ64y0r",
      "links": [
        [
          "discourse",
          "discourse"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, intransitive) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æmə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-grammar.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg/En-us-grammar.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "gră'mər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "grammary"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "grammer"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grammar"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Eastern Min terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from Vulgar Latin",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *gerbʰ-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Basque translations",
    "Requests for review of Hindi translations",
    "Requests for review of Indonesian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/æmə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/æmə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "artificial grammar learning"
    },
    {
      "word": "case grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "categorial grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "compositional grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "construction grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "context-free grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "dependence grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "dependency grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "formal grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "generative grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar checker"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar cop"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammarian"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar induction"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammarless"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammarlike"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar Nazi"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar nazi"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar police"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar school"
    },
    {
      "word": "Montague grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "natural grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "transformational grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "universal grammar"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "gramere"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English gramere",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "gramaire",
        "4": "",
        "5": "classical learning"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French gramaire (“classical learning”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*grammāria"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *grammāria",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "grammatica"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin grammatica",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "γραμματική",
        "4": "",
        "5": "skilled in writing"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράμμα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "line of writing"
      },
      "expansion": "γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράφω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "write"
      },
      "expansion": "γράφω (gráphō, “write”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to carve, scratch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "stæfcræft"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English stæfcræft",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "glamour",
        "3": "glamoury",
        "4": "gramarye",
        "5": "grimoire",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grammars",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "grammar (countable and uncountable, plural grammars)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "gram‧mar"
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "word": "context-sensitive grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "finite-state grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "Turing-complete grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "normative grammar"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "glamour"
    },
    {
      "word": "gramarye"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A system of rules and principles for speaking and writing a language."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "system",
          "system"
        ],
        [
          "rule",
          "rule"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax)."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "linguistics",
          "linguistics"
        ],
        [
          "morphology",
          "morphology"
        ],
        [
          "syntax",
          "syntax"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, linguistics) The study of the internal structure of words (morphology) and the use of words in the construction of phrases and sentences (syntax)."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "A book describing the rules of grammar of a language."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "book",
          "book"
        ],
        [
          "describing",
          "describe"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Theory of computing"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2006, Patrick Blackburn · Johan Bos · Kristina Striegnitz, Learn Prolog Now!, §8.2",
          "text": "Because real lexicons are big and complex, from a software engineering perspective it is best to write simple grammars that have a simple, well-defined way, of pulling out the information they need from vast lexicons. That is, grammars should be thought of as separate entities which can access the information contained in lexicons. We can then use specialised mechanisms for efficiently storing the lexicon and retrieving data from it."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A formal system specifying the syntax of a language."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "syntax",
          "syntax"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) A formal system specifying the syntax of a language."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Actual or presumed prescriptive notions about the correct use of a language."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Actual",
          "actual"
        ],
        [
          "presumed",
          "presumed"
        ],
        [
          "prescriptive",
          "prescriptive"
        ],
        [
          "notions",
          "notions"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Theory of computing"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A formal system defining a formal language"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "formal system",
          "formal system"
        ],
        [
          "formal language",
          "formal language"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) A formal system defining a formal language"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2011, Javier Solana, Daniel Innerarity, Project Syndicate, The New Grammar of Power",
          "text": "We must learn a new grammar of power in a world that is made up more of the common good – or the common bad – than of self-interest or national interest.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The basic rules or principles of a field of knowledge or a particular skill."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "rule",
          "rule"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "knowledge",
          "knowledge"
        ],
        [
          "skill",
          "skill"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "British English",
        "English terms with archaic senses",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "a grammar of geography",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1926, G[ilbert] K[eith] Chesterton, “VI: A Summary”, in The Outline of Sanity, London: Methuen & Co. Ltd., →OCLC",
          "text": "To turn this sort of mixture of a gossip and a gospel into anything like a grammar of Distributism has been quite impossible.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A book describing these rules or principles; a textbook."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "book",
          "book"
        ],
        [
          "rule",
          "rule"
        ],
        [
          "principle",
          "principle"
        ],
        [
          "textbook",
          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(British, archaic) A book describing these rules or principles; a textbook."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "British",
        "archaic",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "British English"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "2012 January 11, Graeme Paton, “A green light for more grammars?”, in The Daily Telegraph:",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A grammar school."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar school",
          "grammar school"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(UK) A grammar school."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Cellular automata"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1991 April 4, Bill Gosper, “LIFELINE:in search of the newsletter”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Hickerson has a computer program which found a spaceship with speed c/3. In fact a whole grammar of them.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1992 August 27, David Bell, “Spaceships in Conway's Life (Part 2a)”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Within a few hours of finding the first period 2 ship, Dean had discovered a grammar for constructing an infinite number of different short, wide, period 2 spaceships. A grammar is an \"alphabet\" of \"components\", along with rules for the possible sequences of connections between components. Components are simply the identifiable pieces of a ship which reappear over and over in different ships in different combinations.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1994 January 21, Harold McIntosh, “de Bruijn diagrams”, in comp.theory.cell-automata (Usenet)",
          "text": "Dean's discovery included a much more plentiful family than just the light, medium, and heavy weight spaceships that have been known since the beginning, which he was able to organize into a series of tiles and a grammar for them.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A set of component patterns, along with the rules for connecting them, which can be combined to form more complex patterns such as large still lifes, oscillators, and spaceships."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "cellular automata",
          "cellular automata"
        ],
        [
          "pattern",
          "pattern"
        ],
        [
          "still life",
          "still life"
        ],
        [
          "oscillator",
          "oscillator"
        ],
        [
          "spaceship",
          "spaceship"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cellular automata) A set of component patterns, along with the rules for connecting them, which can be combined to form more complex patterns such as large still lifes, oscillators, and spaceships."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "cellular-automata",
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æmə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-grammar.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg/En-us-grammar.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "gră'mər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "study & field of study in medieval Latin contexts",
      "word": "glomery"
    },
    {
      "english": "from the relationship between morphology and syntax",
      "topics": [
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "morpho-syntax"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "grammary"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "grammer"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatikë"
    },
    {
      "code": "am",
      "lang": "Amharic",
      "roman": "säwasäw",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ሰዋሰው"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "naḥw",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "نَحْو"
    },
    {
      "code": "acw",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Hijazi-Arabic",
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَواعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "pga",
      "lang": "Juba Arabic",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "kawaayid"
    },
    {
      "code": "an",
      "lang": "Aragonese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "kʻerakanutʻyun",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "քերականություն"
    },
    {
      "code": "as",
      "lang": "Assamese",
      "roman": "byakoron",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ব্যাকৰণ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "qrammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "hramátyka",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тыка"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "bêkron",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ব্যাকরণ"
    },
    {
      "code": "bcl",
      "lang": "Bikol Central",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "balanghayan"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "yezhadur"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "gramátika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "sadda",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "သဒ္ဒါ"
    },
    {
      "code": "rue",
      "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
      "roman": "gramátika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ґрама́тіка"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtica"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "man⁴ faat³",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "jyu⁵ faat³",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "dng",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "yüfa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Dungan"
      ],
      "word": "йүфа"
    },
    {
      "code": "cdo",
      "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cdo",
      "lang": "Eastern Min Chinese",
      "roman": "ngṳ̄-huák",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "roman": "ngî-fap",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "zh-min-nan",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "zh-min-nan",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yǔfǎ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "wénfǎ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "code": "wuu",
      "lang": "Wu Chinese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "wuu",
      "lang": "Wu Chinese",
      "roman": "⁶gniu-faq",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cv",
      "lang": "Chuvash",
      "roman": "grammat̬ik̬a",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "mluvnice"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "spraakkunst"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramatiko"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "keeleõpetus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "mállæra"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "kielioppi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "gramaṭiḳa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "გრამატიკა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachlehre"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikḗ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "code": "kl",
      "lang": "Greenlandic",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "oqaasilerissutit"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "vyākraṇ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "વ્યાકરણ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ha",
      "lang": "Hausa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "nahawu"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "dikdúk",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "דִּקְדּוּק"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "vyākraṇ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "व्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "byākraṇ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ब्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "hif",
      "lang": "Fiji-Hindi",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "vyakaran"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "nyelvtan"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "ilo",
      "lang": "Ilocano",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "alagadan"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "tata bahasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "izh",
      "lang": "Ingrian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatikka"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramadach"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ぶんぽう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpō",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "vyākaraṇa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ವ್ಯಾಕರಣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "vɨyyiəkɑɑ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "វេយ្យាករណ៍"
    },
    {
      "alt": "文法",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "munbeop",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "문법"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "rêzman",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ڕێزمان"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "rêziman"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "lad",
      "lang": "Ladino",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "wai nya kǭn",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ໄວຍະກອນ"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammaire"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "tatabahasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "parmasastera"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "vyākaraṇaṁ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "വ്യാകരണം"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammeydys"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "tikanga wetereo"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "wetereo"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "vyākraṇ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "व्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramere"
    },
    {
      "code": "mwl",
      "lang": "Mirandese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "xel züj",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "хэл зүй"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "dürem",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "дүрэм"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "english": "esp China",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "xelnii züj",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "хэлний зүй"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "kele ǰüi",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠵᠦᠢ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "dürim",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠳᠦᠷᠢᠮ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "kelen-ü ǰüi",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠵᠦᠢ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "vyākaraṇ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "व्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "new",
      "lang": "Newar",
      "roman": "wyākaraṇa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "व्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "code": "se",
      "lang": "Northern Sami",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "giellaoahppa"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "stæfcræft"
    },
    {
      "code": "os",
      "lang": "Ossetian",
      "roman": "grammatikæ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматикӕ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "gerāmar",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ګرامر"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "sarf o nahwa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "صرف و نحو"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "px̌oya",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "پښويه"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "žǝbdod",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ژبدود"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "gǝṛpohǝna",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ګړپوهنه"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "dastur-e zabân",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "دَسْتورِ زَبان"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "gerâmer",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "گِرامِر"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatyka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "viākaran",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ਵਿਆਕਰਨ"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "simi kamachiy"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatică"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "rw",
      "lang": "Rwanda-Rundi",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Rwanda"
      ],
      "word": "ikibonezamvugo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sgs",
      "lang": "Samogitian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatėka"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "vyākaraṇa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "व्याकरण"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "gràmar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "сло́вница"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "slóvnica"
    },
    {
      "code": "si",
      "lang": "Sinhalese",
      "roman": "wyākaraṇa",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ව්යාකරණ"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "slovnica"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "sarufi"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "balarila"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "dasturi zabon",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "дастури забон"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "ilakkaṇam",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "இலக்கணம்"
    },
    {
      "code": "tt",
      "lang": "Tatar",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "nāmavācakaṁ",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "నామవాచకం"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "wai-yaa-gɔɔn",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ไวยากรณ์"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "brda sprod kyi gzhung",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "བརྡ་སྤྲོད་ཀྱི་གཞུང"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "sum rtags",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "སུམ་རྟགས"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "dil bilgisi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramer"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "hramátyka",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "qavā'id",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَواعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "qavā'id-i zabān",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَواعِدِ زَبان"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "گرامماتىكا"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "alt": "語法",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "ngữ pháp"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "văn phạm"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramat"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "gramadeg"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "gramatik",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "גראַמאַטיק"
    },
    {
      "code": "zea",
      "lang": "Zealandic",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "grammaotica"
    },
    {
      "code": "za",
      "lang": "Zhuang",
      "sense": "rules for speaking and writing a language",
      "word": "yijfaz"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatikë"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ʕilm qawāʕid",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "عِلْم قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "hramátyka",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тыка"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "gramátika",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "gramàtica"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "kielioppi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatiktheorie"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachlehre"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachkunst"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikḗ",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ぶんぽう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpō",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "alt": "文法",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "munbeop",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "Korean: 문법"
    },
    {
      "alt": "文法學",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "munbeophak",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "문법학"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatice"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "litteratio"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "litteratoria"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "wetereo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "dastur-e zabân",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "دَسْتورِ زَبان"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "gerâmer",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "گِرامِر"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatyka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "gràmar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "slovnica"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "dasturi zabon",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "дастури забон"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "grammatika",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "грамматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "dil bilgisi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "study of internal structure and use of words",
      "word": "gramer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "učébnik po gramátika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "уче́бник по грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "gramàtica"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "spraakkunstboek"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "grammatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "mállæra"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "kielioppikirja"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachlehre"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfræðibók"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ぶんぽうしょ",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpōsho",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "文法書"
    },
    {
      "alt": "文法冊",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "munbeopchaek",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "문법책"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lioar ghrammeydys"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "pukapuka wetereo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatica"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "učébnik po grammátike",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "уче́бник по грамма́тике"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "сло́вница"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "slóvnica"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "slovnica"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatikbok"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "språklära"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "dil bilgisi kitabı"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "word": "gramer kitabı"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "hramátyka",
      "sense": "book describing grammar",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "qawāʕid",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "قَوَاعِد"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "gramátika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "語法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yǔfǎ",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "语法"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "kielioppi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaire"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Grammatik"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "grammatikí",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γραμματική"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ぶんぽう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "bunpō",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "word": "文法"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "gramatika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "граматика"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grammaithe"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramatyka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramática"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "grammátika",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грамма́тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "грама̀тика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gramàtika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "grammatik"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grammar"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Eastern Min terms with redundant transliterations",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from Vulgar Latin",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *gerbʰ-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Basque translations",
    "Requests for review of Hindi translations",
    "Requests for review of Indonesian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/æmə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/æmə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "gramere"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English gramere",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "gramaire",
        "4": "",
        "5": "classical learning"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French gramaire (“classical learning”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "VL.",
        "3": "*grammāria"
      },
      "expansion": "Vulgar Latin *grammāria",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "grammatica"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin grammatica",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "γραμματική",
        "4": "",
        "5": "skilled in writing"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράμμα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "line of writing"
      },
      "expansion": "γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γράφω",
        "3": "",
        "4": "write"
      },
      "expansion": "γράφω (gráphō, “write”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*gerbʰ-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to carve, scratch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "stæfcræft"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English stæfcræft",
      "name": "ncog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "glamour",
        "3": "glamoury",
        "4": "gramarye",
        "5": "grimoire",
        "nocap": "1"
      },
      "expansion": "doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English gramere, from Old French gramaire (“classical learning”), from unattested Vulgar Latin *grammāria, an alteration of Latin grammatica, from Ancient Greek γραμματική (grammatikḗ, “skilled in writing”), from γράμμα (grámma, “line of writing”), from γράφω (gráphō, “write”), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ- (“to carve, scratch”). Displaced native Old English stæfcræft; a doublet of glamour, glamoury, gramarye, and grimoire.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "grammars",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammaring",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammared",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "grammared",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "grammar (third-person singular simple present grammars, present participle grammaring, simple past and past participle grammared)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "gram‧mar"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "discourse",
          "discourse"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete, intransitive) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mə(ɹ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɡɹæ.mɚ/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-æmə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-grammar.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg/En-us-grammar.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e1/En-us-grammar.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (GA)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "gră'mər"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "grammary"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "grammer"
    }
  ],
  "word": "grammar"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/2013",
  "msg": "more than one value in \"roman\": bûn-hoat vs. zh-min-nan",
  "path": [
    "grammar"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "grammar",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/2013",
  "msg": "more than one value in \"roman\": gír-hoat, gú-hoat, gí-hoat vs. zh-min-nan",
  "path": [
    "grammar"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "grammar",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "translations/611",
  "msg": "suspicious translation with '* ': {'lang': 'Korean', 'code': 'ko', 'sense': 'study of internal structure and use of words', 'roman': 'munbeop', 'alt': '文法', 'word': '* Korean: 문법'}",
  "path": [
    "grammar"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "grammar",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-18 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.