"linguistics" meaning in English

See linguistics in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /lɪŋˈɡwɪstɪks/, /liŋˈɡwɪstɪks/ (note: US, pre-/ŋ/ tensing) Audio: En-us-linguistics.ogg [US]
Etymology: From linguist + -ics, akin to linguistic and Latin linguisticus, coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837 from German Linguistik. Etymology templates: {{suffix|en|linguist|ics}} linguist + -ics, {{cog|la|linguisticus}} Latin linguisticus, {{coin|en|William Whewell|in=1837|nat=English|nocap=1|occ=polymath}} coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837, {{der|en|de|Linguistik}} German Linguistik Head templates: {{en-noun|-}} linguistics (uncountable)
  1. The systematic and scholarly study of language. Wikipedia link: linguistics Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Linguistics Synonyms: glossology, glottology, linguistry, speechlore, wordlore, linguistics Holonyms: social science Translations (scientific study of language): taalwetenskappe (Afrikaans), taalkunde (Afrikaans), linguistiek (Afrikaans), gjuhësi (Albanian), የቋንቋ ጥናት (yäḳʷanḳʷa ṭənat) (Amharic), لِسَانِيَّات (lisāniyyāt) [feminine, plural] (Arabic), عِلْم اللُّغَة (ʕilm al-luḡa) [masculine] (Arabic), لُغَوِيَّات (luḡawiyyāt) (Arabic), lingüistica [feminine] (Aragonese), լեզվաբանություն (lezvabanutʻyun) (Armenian), llingüística [feminine] (Asturian), dilçilik (Azerbaijani), dilşünaslıq (Azerbaijani), linqvistika (Azerbaijani), ᬩᬲᬯᬶᬤ᭄ᬬ (basawidya) (Balinese), kankalan (Bambara), hizkuntzalaritza (Basque), linguistika (Basque), мовазна́ўства (movaznáŭstva) [neuter] (Belarusian), лінгві́стыка (linhvístyka) [feminine] (Belarusian), ভাষাবিজ্ঞান (bhaśabiggên) (Bengali), yezhoniezh [feminine] (Breton), лингви́стика (lingvístika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), езикозна́ние (ezikoznánie) [neuter] (Bulgarian), ဘာသာဗေဒ (bhasabeda.) (Burmese), lingüística [feminine] (Catalan), linggwistiks (Cebuano), 語言學 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 语言学 (gí-giân-ha̍k, gú-giân-ha̍k) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 語言學 (Chinese Cantonese), 语言学 (jyu⁵ jin⁴ hok⁶) (Chinese Cantonese), 言語學 (Chinese Cantonese), 言语学 (jin⁴ jyu⁵ hok⁶) (Chinese Cantonese), 語言學 (Chinese Mandarin), 语言学 (yǔyánxué) (Chinese Mandarin), 言語學 (Chinese Mandarin), 言语学 (yányǔxué) (Chinese Mandarin), лингвистика (lingvistik̬a) (Chuvash), yethonieth [feminine] (Cornish), scyens yeth (Cornish), linguistica [feminine] (Corsican), jazykověda [feminine] (Czech), jazykozpyt [masculine] (Czech), lingvistika [feminine] (Czech), lingvistik [common-gender] (Danish), sprogvidenskab [common-gender] (Danish), ބަހަވީ އިލްމު (bahavī ilmu) (Dhivehi), linguïstiek [feminine] (Dutch), taalkunde [feminine] (Dutch), taalwetenschappen [feminine, plural] (Dutch), кельсодамо (keľsodamo) (Erzya), lingvoscienco (Esperanto), lingvistiko (Esperanto), lingviko (Esperanto), keeleteadus (Estonian), málfrøði [feminine] (Faroese), kielitiede (Finnish), lingvistiikka (Finnish), linguistique [feminine] (French), lenghistiche [feminine] (Friulian), lingüística [feminine] (Galician), ენათმეცნიერება (enatmecniereba) (Georgian), ლინგვისტიკა (lingvisṭiḳa) (Georgian), Linguistik [feminine] (German), Sprachwissenschaft [feminine] (German), γλωσσολογία (glossología) [feminine] (Greek), ñe'ẽkuaaty ha ñe'ẽtekuaa (Guaraní), lengwistik (Haitian Creole), בַּלְשָׁנוּת (balshanút) [feminine] (Hebrew), भाषाविज्ञान (bhāṣāvijñān) [masculine] (Hindi), लिसानियात (lisāniyāt) [feminine] (Hindi), nyelvészet (Hungarian), nyelvtudomány (Hungarian), málvísindi [neuter, plural] (Icelandic), linguistiko (Ido), linguistik (Indonesian), ilmu bahasa (Indonesian), linguistica (Interlingua), ᐅᖄᓯᓕᕆᓂᖅ (oqaasiliriniq) (Inuktitut), teangeolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), linguistica [feminine] (Italian), 言語学 (gengogaku) (alt: げんごがく) (Japanese), linguistik (Javanese), ಭಾಷಾ ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ (bhāṣā vijñāna) (Kannada), ಭಾಷಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ (bhāṣāśāstra) (Kannada), lingwistika [feminine] (Kashubian), тілтану (tıltanu) (Kazakh), тіл ғылымы (tıl ğylymy) (Kazakh), лингвистика (liñvistika) (Kazakh), тілтаным (tıltanym) (Kazakh), тіл білімі (tıl bılımı) (Kazakh), ភាសាសាស្ត្រ (phiəsaa saah) (Khmer), 언어학 (eoneohak) (Korean), тилбилим (tilbilim) (Kyrgyz), лингвистика (lingvistika) (Kyrgyz), לינגואיסטיקה [feminine] (Ladino), linguistika [Roman, feminine] (Ladino), iyápi wóuŋspe (Lakota), ພາສາສາດ (phā sā sāt) (Lao), linguistica [feminine] (Latin), valodniecība [feminine] (Latvian), lingvistika [feminine] (Latvian), taalweitesjap [feminine] (Limburgish), lingvistika [feminine] (Lithuanian), kalbotyra [feminine] (Lithuanian), Spraakwetenschop [feminine] (Low German), rěcywěda [feminine] (Lower Sorbian), linguistika [feminine] (Lower Sorbian), Sproochwëssenschaft [feminine] (Luxembourgish), лингвистика (lingvistika) [feminine] (Macedonian), linguistik (Malay), ഭാഷാശാസ്ത്രം (bhāṣāśāstraṁ) (Malayalam), lingwistika [feminine] (Maltese), çhengoaylleeaght [feminine] (Manx), mātai reo (Maori), хэл шинжлэл (xel šinžlel) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), хэлний шинжлэл (xelnii šinžlel) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ (kele sinǰilel) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ (kelen-ü sinǰilel) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), saad naalkaah (Navajo), lîndgistique [Jersey] (Norman), zimannasî (Northern Kurdish), lingvistikk [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), lingvistikk [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), lingüistica [feminine] (Occitan), ӕвзагзонынад (ævzagzonynad) (Ossetian), ژبپوهنه (žəbpohəna) [feminine] (Pashto), زبانشناسی (zabân-šenâsi) (Persian), لسانیات (lesâniyât) (Persian), glotologia [feminine] (Polish), glottologia [feminine] (Polish), językoznawstwo [neuter] (Polish), lingwistyka [feminine] (Polish), linguística [feminine] (Portuguese), ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ (bhāśā vigiāna) [masculine] (Punjabi), simi yachaq (Quechua), chhibavipen (Romani), lingvistică [feminine] (Romanian), языкозна́ние (jazykoznánije) [neuter] (Russian), лингви́стика (lingvístika) [feminine] (Russian), языкове́дение (jazykovédenije) [neuter] (Russian), kalbuotīra [feminine] (Samogitian), भाषाविज्ञान (bhāṣāvijñāna) [masculine] (Sanskrit), linguìstica [feminine] (Sardinian), cànanachas [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), лингвѝстика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), језикословље [Cyrillic, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), lingvìstika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), jezikoslovlje [Roman, neuter] (Serbo-Croatian), linguìstica [feminine] (Sicilian), لسانيات (lisāniāt) (Sindhi), jazykoveda [feminine] (Slovak), lingvistika [feminine] (Slovak), jezikoslȏvje [neuter] (Slovene), lingvístika [feminine] (Slovene), lingüística [feminine] (Spanish), linguistik (Sundanese), isimu (Swahili), lingvistik [common-gender] (Swedish), språkvetenskap [common-gender] (Swedish), lingguwistika (Tagalog), dalubwikaan (Tagalog), agham-wika (Tagalog), забоншиносӣ (zabonšinosī) (Tajik), лингвистика (lingvistika) (Tajik), மொழியியல் (moḻiyiyal) (Tamil), тел белеме (tel beleme) (Tatar), భాషాశాస్త్రము (bhāṣāśāstramu) (Telugu), ภาษาศาสตร์ (paa-sǎa-sàat) (Thai), སྐད་བརྡ་རིག་པ། (skad brda rig pa) (Tibetan), བརྡ་སྤྲོད་རིག་གནས (brda sprod rig gnas) (Tibetan), སྐད་ཡིག་རིག་གནས (skad yig rig gnas) (Tibetan), save long tokples (Tok Pisin), dilbilim (Turkish), dil bilimi (Turkish), lengüistik (Turkish), lisâniyat (Turkish), dil bilimi (Turkmen), lingwistika (Turkmen), кылтодос (kyltodos) (Udmurt), мовозна́вство (movoznávstvo) [neuter] (Ukrainian), лінгві́стика (linhvístyka) [feminine] (Ukrainian), rěčespyt [masculine] (Upper Sorbian), linguistika [feminine] (Upper Sorbian), لسانیات (lisāniyāt) [feminine] (Urdu), تىلشۇناسلىق (tilshunasliq) (Uyghur), tilshunoslik (Uzbek), lingvistika (Uzbek), łenguìstega [feminine] (Venetian), ngôn ngữ học (Vietnamese), pükav (Volapük), keeletiidüs (Võro), linwince [feminine] (Walloon), lingguwistika (Waray-Waray), ieithyddiaeth [feminine] (Welsh), taalkunde [feminine] (West Frisian), לינגוויסטיק (lingvistik) [feminine] (Yiddish), שפּראַך־וויסנשאַפֿט (shprakh-visnshaft) [feminine] (Yiddish), taelkunde [feminine] (Zealandic), yijyenzyoz (Zhuang)
    Sense id: en-linguistics-en-noun-1WSLvY-N Categories (other): Amharic terms with redundant script codes, Balinese terms with redundant script codes, Burmese terms with redundant script codes, Cantonese terms with redundant transliterations, Dhivehi terms with redundant script codes, English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -ics, Georgian terms with redundant script codes, Inuktitut terms with redundant script codes, Kannada terms with redundant script codes, Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations, Pashto terms with redundant script codes, Serbo-Croatian terms with redundant script codes, Sindhi terms with redundant script codes, Tibetan terms with redundant script codes, Urdu terms with non-redundant manual transliterations, Yiddish terms with redundant script codes Meronyms: phonetics, phonology, phonemics, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, philology, algebraic linguistics, applied linguistics, biolinguistics, clinical linguistics, comparative linguistics, computational linguistics, diachronic linguistics, ecolinguistics, Eurolinguistics, evolutionary linguistics, historical linguistics, interlinguistics, neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics, sociolinguistics, xenolinguistics Derived forms: algebraic linguistics, anthropolinguistics, applied linguistics, archaeolinguistics, armchair linguistics, astrolinguistics, biolinguistics, clinical linguistics, cognitive linguistics, comparative linguistics, computational linguistics, contact linguistics, contrastive linguistics, corpus linguistics, critical applied linguistics, cryptolinguistics, culinary linguistics, cunning linguistics, cyberlinguistics, demolinguistics, diachronic linguistics, ecolinguistics, ethnolinguistics, Eurolinguistics, evolutionary linguistics, folk linguistics, forensic linguistics, functional linguistics, geolinguistics, historical linguistics, interlinguistics, internet linguistics, lavender linguistics, macrolinguistics, metalinguistics, microlinguistics, neolinguistics, netlinguistics, neurolinguistics, paedolinguistics, paleolinguistics, paralinguistics, patholinguistics, phylolinguistics, protolinguistics, pseudo-linguistics, pseudolinguistics, psycholinguistics, quantitative linguistics, raciolinguistics, sociolinguistics, text linguistics, theolinguistics, xenolinguistics Related terms: linguist, linguistic, diction, epigraphy, grammar, morphology, philology, phonetics, phonology, pragmatics, semantics, syntax, language, dialect, word, pronunciation, sense, meaning, understanding, etymology, word origin, inflection, declension, conjugation, derivation, gradation, etymon, root, morpheme, affix, prefix, suffix, combining form, compound, lexeme, phoneme, grapheme, lexical item, term, phrase, clause, sentence, corpus, collocation

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for linguistics meaning in English (34.9kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "linguist",
        "3": "ics"
      },
      "expansion": "linguist + -ics",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "linguisticus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin linguisticus",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "William Whewell",
        "in": "1837",
        "nat": "English",
        "nocap": "1",
        "occ": "polymath"
      },
      "expansion": "coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837",
      "name": "coin"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Linguistik"
      },
      "expansion": "German Linguistik",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From linguist + -ics, akin to linguistic and Latin linguisticus, coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837 from German Linguistik.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "linguistics (uncountable)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Amharic terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Balinese terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Burmese terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Cantonese terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Dhivehi terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms suffixed with -ics",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Georgian terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Inuktitut terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Kannada terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pashto terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Serbo-Croatian terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sindhi terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tibetan terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Urdu terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Yiddish terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Linguistics",
          "orig": "en:Linguistics",
          "parents": [
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "algebraic linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "anthropolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "applied linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "archaeolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "armchair linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "astrolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "biolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "clinical linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "cognitive linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "comparative linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "computational linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "contact linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "contrastive linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "corpus linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "critical applied linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "cryptolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "culinary linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "cunning linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "cyberlinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "demolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "diachronic linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "ecolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "ethnolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "Eurolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "evolutionary linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "folk linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "forensic linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "functional linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "geolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "historical linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "interlinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "internet linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "lavender linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "macrolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "metalinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "microlinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "neolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "netlinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "neurolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "paedolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "paleolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "paralinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "patholinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "phylolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "protolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "pseudo-linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "pseudolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "psycholinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "quantitative linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "raciolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "sociolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "text linguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "theolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "word": "xenolinguistics"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "branch of linguistics",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "to study linguistics",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The systematic and scholarly study of language."
      ],
      "holonyms": [
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "social science"
        }
      ],
      "id": "en-linguistics-en-noun-1WSLvY-N",
      "links": [
        [
          "systematic",
          "systematic"
        ],
        [
          "scholarly",
          "scholarly"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "meronyms": [
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "phonetics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "phonology"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "phonemics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "morphology"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "syntax"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "semantics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "pragmatics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "philology"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "algebraic linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "applied linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "biolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "clinical linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "comparative linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "computational linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "diachronic linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "ecolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "Eurolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "evolutionary linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "historical linguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "interlinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "neurolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "psycholinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "sociolinguistics"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "xenolinguistics"
        }
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "linguist"
        },
        {
          "word": "linguistic"
        },
        {
          "word": "diction"
        },
        {
          "word": "epigraphy"
        },
        {
          "word": "grammar"
        },
        {
          "word": "morphology"
        },
        {
          "word": "philology"
        },
        {
          "word": "phonetics"
        },
        {
          "word": "phonology"
        },
        {
          "word": "pragmatics"
        },
        {
          "word": "semantics"
        },
        {
          "word": "syntax"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "language"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "dialect"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "word"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "pronunciation"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "sense"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "meaning"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "understanding"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "etymology"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "word origin"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "inflection"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "declension"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "conjugation"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "derivation"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "gradation"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "etymon"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "root"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "morpheme"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "affix"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "prefix"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "suffix"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "combining form"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "compound"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "lexeme"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "phoneme"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "grapheme"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "lexical item"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "term"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "phrase"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "clause"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "sentence"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "corpus"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "collocation"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "glossology"
        },
        {
          "word": "glottology"
        },
        {
          "word": "linguistry"
        },
        {
          "word": "speechlore"
        },
        {
          "word": "wordlore"
        },
        {
          "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
          "word": "linguistics"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "taalwetenskappe"
        },
        {
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "taalkunde"
        },
        {
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistiek"
        },
        {
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "gjuhësi"
        },
        {
          "code": "am",
          "lang": "Amharic",
          "roman": "yäḳʷanḳʷa ṭənat",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "የቋንቋ ጥናት"
        },
        {
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "lisāniyyāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "لِسَانِيَّات"
        },
        {
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ʕilm al-luḡa",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "عِلْم اللُّغَة"
        },
        {
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "luḡawiyyāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "لُغَوِيَّات"
        },
        {
          "code": "an",
          "lang": "Aragonese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingüistica"
        },
        {
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "lezvabanutʻyun",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "լեզվաբանություն"
        },
        {
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "llingüística"
        },
        {
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dilçilik"
        },
        {
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dilşünaslıq"
        },
        {
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linqvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "ban",
          "lang": "Balinese",
          "roman": "basawidya",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ᬩᬲᬯᬶᬤ᭄ᬬ"
        },
        {
          "code": "bm",
          "lang": "Bambara",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "kankalan"
        },
        {
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "hizkuntzalaritza"
        },
        {
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "movaznáŭstva",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "мовазна́ўства"
        },
        {
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "linhvístyka",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лінгві́стыка"
        },
        {
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "bhaśabiggên",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ভাষাবিজ্ঞান"
        },
        {
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "yezhoniezh"
        },
        {
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "lingvístika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лингви́стика"
        },
        {
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "ezikoznánie",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "езикозна́ние"
        },
        {
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "bhasabeda.",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ဘာသာဗေဒ"
        },
        {
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingüística"
        },
        {
          "code": "ceb",
          "lang": "Cebuano",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linggwistiks"
        },
        {
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "語言學"
        },
        {
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "jyu⁵ jin⁴ hok⁶",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "语言学"
        },
        {
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "言語學"
        },
        {
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "jin⁴ jyu⁵ hok⁶",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "言语学"
        },
        {
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "語言學"
        },
        {
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "gí-giân-ha̍k, gú-giân-ha̍k",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "语言学"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "語言學"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "yǔyánxué",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "语言学"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "言語學"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "yányǔxué",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "言语学"
        },
        {
          "code": "cv",
          "lang": "Chuvash",
          "roman": "lingvistik̬a",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "лингвистика"
        },
        {
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "yethonieth"
        },
        {
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "scyens yeth"
        },
        {
          "code": "co",
          "lang": "Corsican",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistica"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "jazykověda"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "jazykozpyt"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "sprogvidenskab"
        },
        {
          "code": "dv",
          "lang": "Dhivehi",
          "roman": "bahavī ilmu",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ބަހަވީ އިލްމު"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguïstiek"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "taalkunde"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "taalwetenschappen"
        },
        {
          "code": "myv",
          "lang": "Erzya",
          "roman": "keľsodamo",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "кельсодамо"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingvoscienco"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingvistiko"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingviko"
        },
        {
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "keeleteadus"
        },
        {
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "málfrøði"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "kielitiede"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingvistiikka"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistique"
        },
        {
          "code": "fur",
          "lang": "Friulian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lenghistiche"
        },
        {
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingüística"
        },
        {
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "enatmecniereba",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ენათმეცნიერება"
        },
        {
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "lingvisṭiḳa",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ლინგვისტიკა"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Linguistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sprachwissenschaft"
        },
        {
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "glossología",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γλωσσολογία"
        },
        {
          "code": "gn",
          "lang": "Guaraní",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ñe'ẽkuaaty ha ñe'ẽtekuaa"
        },
        {
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lengwistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "balshanút",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "בַּלְשָׁנוּת"
        },
        {
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "bhāṣāvijñān",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "भाषाविज्ञान"
        },
        {
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "lisāniyāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "लिसानियात"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "nyelvészet"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "nyelvtudomány"
        },
        {
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "málvísindi"
        },
        {
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistiko"
        },
        {
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ilmu bahasa"
        },
        {
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistica"
        },
        {
          "code": "iu",
          "lang": "Inuktitut",
          "roman": "oqaasiliriniq",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ᐅᖄᓯᓕᕆᓂᖅ"
        },
        {
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "teangeolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistica"
        },
        {
          "alt": "げんごがく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "gengogaku",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "言語学"
        },
        {
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "bhāṣā vijñāna",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ಭಾಷಾ ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ"
        },
        {
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "bhāṣāśāstra",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ಭಾಷಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
        },
        {
          "code": "csb",
          "lang": "Kashubian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingwistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "tıltanu",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тілтану"
        },
        {
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "tıl ğylymy",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тіл ғылымы"
        },
        {
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "liñvistika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "лингвистика"
        },
        {
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "tıltanym",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тілтаным"
        },
        {
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "tıl bılımı",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тіл білімі"
        },
        {
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "phiəsaa saah",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ភាសាសាស្ត្រ"
        },
        {
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "eoneohak",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "언어학"
        },
        {
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "zimannasî"
        },
        {
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "tilbilim",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тилбилим"
        },
        {
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "lingvistika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "лингвистика"
        },
        {
          "code": "lad",
          "lang": "Ladino",
          "raw_tags": [
            "Hebrew script"
          ],
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "לינגואיסטיקה"
        },
        {
          "code": "lad",
          "lang": "Ladino",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "lkt",
          "lang": "Lakota",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "iyápi wóuŋspe"
        },
        {
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "phā sā sāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ພາສາສາດ"
        },
        {
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistica"
        },
        {
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "valodniecība"
        },
        {
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "li",
          "lang": "Limburgish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "taalweitesjap"
        },
        {
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "kalbotyra"
        },
        {
          "code": "nds",
          "lang": "Low German",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Spraakwetenschop"
        },
        {
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Sproochwëssenschaft"
        },
        {
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "lingvistika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лингвистика"
        },
        {
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "bhāṣāśāstraṁ",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ഭാഷാശാസ്ത്രം"
        },
        {
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingwistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "çhengoaylleeaght"
        },
        {
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "mātai reo"
        },
        {
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "xel šinžlel",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "хэл шинжлэл"
        },
        {
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "xelnii šinžlel",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "хэлний шинжлэл"
        },
        {
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "kele sinǰilel",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ"
        },
        {
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "kelen-ü sinǰilel",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ"
        },
        {
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "saad naalkaah"
        },
        {
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Jersey"
          ],
          "word": "lîndgistique"
        },
        {
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistikk"
        },
        {
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistikk"
        },
        {
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingüistica"
        },
        {
          "code": "os",
          "lang": "Ossetian",
          "roman": "ævzagzonynad",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ӕвзагзонынад"
        },
        {
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "žəbpohəna",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ژبپوهنه"
        },
        {
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "zabân-šenâsi",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "زبانشناسی"
        },
        {
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "lesâniyât",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "لسانیات"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "glotologia"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "glottologia"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "językoznawstwo"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingwistyka"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguística"
        },
        {
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "bhāśā vigiāna",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
        },
        {
          "code": "qu",
          "lang": "Quechua",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "simi yachaq"
        },
        {
          "code": "rom",
          "lang": "Romani",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "chhibavipen"
        },
        {
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistică"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "jazykoznánije",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "языкозна́ние"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "lingvístika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лингви́стика"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "jazykovédenije",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "языкове́дение"
        },
        {
          "code": "sgs",
          "lang": "Samogitian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "kalbuotīra"
        },
        {
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "bhāṣāvijñāna",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "भाषाविज्ञान"
        },
        {
          "code": "sc",
          "lang": "Sardinian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguìstica"
        },
        {
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cànanachas"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лингвѝстика"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "језикословље"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvìstika"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "jezikoslovlje"
        },
        {
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguìstica"
        },
        {
          "code": "sd",
          "lang": "Sindhi",
          "roman": "lisāniāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "لسانيات"
        },
        {
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "jazykoveda"
        },
        {
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "jezikoslȏvje"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingvístika"
        },
        {
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "rěcywěda"
        },
        {
          "code": "dsb",
          "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "hsb",
          "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "rěčespyt"
        },
        {
          "code": "hsb",
          "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linguistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lingüística"
        },
        {
          "code": "su",
          "lang": "Sundanese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "linguistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "isimu"
        },
        {
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "lingvistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "språkvetenskap"
        },
        {
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingguwistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dalubwikaan"
        },
        {
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "agham-wika"
        },
        {
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "zabonšinosī",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "забоншиносӣ"
        },
        {
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "lingvistika",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "лингвистика"
        },
        {
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "moḻiyiyal",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "மொழியியல்"
        },
        {
          "code": "tt",
          "lang": "Tatar",
          "roman": "tel beleme",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "тел белеме"
        },
        {
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "bhāṣāśāstramu",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "భాషాశాస్త్రము"
        },
        {
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "paa-sǎa-sàat",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ภาษาศาสตร์"
        },
        {
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "skad brda rig pa",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "སྐད་བརྡ་རིག་པ།"
        },
        {
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "brda sprod rig gnas",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "བརྡ་སྤྲོད་རིག་གནས"
        },
        {
          "code": "bo",
          "lang": "Tibetan",
          "roman": "skad yig rig gnas",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "སྐད་ཡིག་རིག་གནས"
        },
        {
          "code": "tpi",
          "lang": "Tok Pisin",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "save long tokples"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dilbilim"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dil bilimi"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lengüistik"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lisâniyat"
        },
        {
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "dil bilimi"
        },
        {
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingwistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "udm",
          "lang": "Udmurt",
          "roman": "kyltodos",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "кылтодос"
        },
        {
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "movoznávstvo",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "мовозна́вство"
        },
        {
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "linhvístyka",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "лінгві́стика"
        },
        {
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "lisāniyāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "لسانیات"
        },
        {
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "tilshunasliq",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "تىلشۇناسلىق"
        },
        {
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "tilshunoslik"
        },
        {
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingvistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "vec",
          "lang": "Venetian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "łenguìstega"
        },
        {
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "ngôn ngữ học"
        },
        {
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "pükav"
        },
        {
          "code": "vro",
          "lang": "Võro",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "keeletiidüs"
        },
        {
          "code": "wa",
          "lang": "Walloon",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "linwince"
        },
        {
          "code": "war",
          "lang": "Waray-Waray",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "lingguwistika"
        },
        {
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ieithyddiaeth"
        },
        {
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "taalkunde"
        },
        {
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "lingvistik",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "לינגוויסטיק"
        },
        {
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "shprakh-visnshaft",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "שפּראַך־וויסנשאַפֿט"
        },
        {
          "code": "zea",
          "lang": "Zealandic",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "taelkunde"
        },
        {
          "code": "za",
          "lang": "Zhuang",
          "sense": "scientific study of language",
          "word": "yijyenzyoz"
        }
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "linguistics"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/lɪŋˈɡwɪstɪks/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/liŋˈɡwɪstɪks/",
      "note": "US, pre-/ŋ/ tensing"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-linguistics.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/08/En-us-linguistics.ogg/En-us-linguistics.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/08/En-us-linguistics.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "linguistics"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "algebraic linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "anthropolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "applied linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "archaeolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "armchair linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "astrolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "biolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "clinical linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "cognitive linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "comparative linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "computational linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "contact linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "contrastive linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "corpus linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "critical applied linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "cryptolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "culinary linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "cunning linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "cyberlinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "demolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "diachronic linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "ecolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "ethnolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "Eurolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "evolutionary linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "folk linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "forensic linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "functional linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "geolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "historical linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "interlinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "internet linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "lavender linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "macrolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "metalinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "microlinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "neolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "netlinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "neurolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "paedolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "paleolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "paralinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "patholinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "phylolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "protolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "pseudo-linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "pseudolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "psycholinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "quantitative linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "raciolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "sociolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "text linguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "theolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "word": "xenolinguistics"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "linguist",
        "3": "ics"
      },
      "expansion": "linguist + -ics",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "linguisticus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin linguisticus",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "William Whewell",
        "in": "1837",
        "nat": "English",
        "nocap": "1",
        "occ": "polymath"
      },
      "expansion": "coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837",
      "name": "coin"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "de",
        "3": "Linguistik"
      },
      "expansion": "German Linguistik",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From linguist + -ics, akin to linguistic and Latin linguisticus, coined by English polymath William Whewell in 1837 from German Linguistik.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "linguistics (uncountable)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "holonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "social science"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "meronyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "phonetics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "phonology"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "phonemics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "morphology"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "syntax"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "semantics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "pragmatics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "philology"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "algebraic linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "applied linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "biolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "clinical linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "comparative linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "computational linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "diachronic linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "ecolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "Eurolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "evolutionary linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "historical linguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "interlinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "neurolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "psycholinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "sociolinguistics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "xenolinguistics"
    }
  ],
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "linguist"
    },
    {
      "word": "linguistic"
    },
    {
      "word": "diction"
    },
    {
      "word": "epigraphy"
    },
    {
      "word": "grammar"
    },
    {
      "word": "morphology"
    },
    {
      "word": "philology"
    },
    {
      "word": "phonetics"
    },
    {
      "word": "phonology"
    },
    {
      "word": "pragmatics"
    },
    {
      "word": "semantics"
    },
    {
      "word": "syntax"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "language"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "dialect"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "word"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "pronunciation"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "sense"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "meaning"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "understanding"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "etymology"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "word origin"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "inflection"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "declension"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "conjugation"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "derivation"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "gradation"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "etymon"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "root"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "morpheme"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "affix"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "prefix"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "combining form"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "compound"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "lexeme"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "phoneme"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "grapheme"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "lexical item"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "term"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "phrase"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "clause"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "sentence"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "corpus"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "collocation"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Amharic terms with redundant script codes",
        "Balinese terms with redundant script codes",
        "Burmese terms with redundant script codes",
        "Cantonese terms with redundant transliterations",
        "Dhivehi terms with redundant script codes",
        "English 3-syllable words",
        "English coinages",
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "English lemmas",
        "English nouns",
        "English terms coined by William Whewell",
        "English terms derived from German",
        "English terms suffixed with -ics",
        "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "English terms with audio links",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English uncountable nouns",
        "Georgian terms with redundant script codes",
        "Inuktitut terms with redundant script codes",
        "Kannada terms with redundant script codes",
        "Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations",
        "Pashto terms with redundant script codes",
        "Serbo-Croatian terms with redundant script codes",
        "Sindhi terms with redundant script codes",
        "Tibetan terms with redundant script codes",
        "Urdu terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
        "Yiddish terms with redundant script codes",
        "en:Linguistics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "branch of linguistics",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "to study linguistics",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The systematic and scholarly study of language."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "systematic",
          "systematic"
        ],
        [
          "scholarly",
          "scholarly"
        ],
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "linguistics"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/lɪŋˈɡwɪstɪks/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/liŋˈɡwɪstɪks/",
      "note": "US, pre-/ŋ/ tensing"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-us-linguistics.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/0/08/En-us-linguistics.ogg/En-us-linguistics.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/08/En-us-linguistics.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "glossology"
    },
    {
      "word": "glottology"
    },
    {
      "word": "linguistry"
    },
    {
      "word": "speechlore"
    },
    {
      "word": "wordlore"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:linguistics",
      "word": "linguistics"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "taalwetenskappe"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "taalkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistiek"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "gjuhësi"
    },
    {
      "code": "am",
      "lang": "Amharic",
      "roman": "yäḳʷanḳʷa ṭənat",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "የቋንቋ ጥናት"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "lisāniyyāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "لِسَانِيَّات"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ʕilm al-luḡa",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "عِلْم اللُّغَة"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "luḡawiyyāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "لُغَوِيَّات"
    },
    {
      "code": "an",
      "lang": "Aragonese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingüistica"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "lezvabanutʻyun",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "լեզվաբանություն"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "llingüística"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dilçilik"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dilşünaslıq"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linqvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "ban",
      "lang": "Balinese",
      "roman": "basawidya",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ᬩᬲᬯᬶᬤ᭄ᬬ"
    },
    {
      "code": "bm",
      "lang": "Bambara",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "kankalan"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "hizkuntzalaritza"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "movaznáŭstva",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "мовазна́ўства"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "linhvístyka",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лінгві́стыка"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "bhaśabiggên",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ভাষাবিজ্ঞান"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "yezhoniezh"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "lingvístika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лингви́стика"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "ezikoznánie",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "езикозна́ние"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "bhasabeda.",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ဘာသာဗေဒ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingüística"
    },
    {
      "code": "ceb",
      "lang": "Cebuano",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linggwistiks"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "語言學"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "jyu⁵ jin⁴ hok⁶",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "语言学"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "言語學"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "jin⁴ jyu⁵ hok⁶",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "言语学"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "語言學"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "gí-giân-ha̍k, gú-giân-ha̍k",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "语言学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "語言學"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yǔyánxué",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "语言学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "言語學"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "yányǔxué",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "言语学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cv",
      "lang": "Chuvash",
      "roman": "lingvistik̬a",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "лингвистика"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "yethonieth"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "scyens yeth"
    },
    {
      "code": "co",
      "lang": "Corsican",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistica"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "jazykověda"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "jazykozpyt"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "sprogvidenskab"
    },
    {
      "code": "dv",
      "lang": "Dhivehi",
      "roman": "bahavī ilmu",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ބަހަވީ އިލްމު"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguïstiek"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "taalkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "taalwetenschappen"
    },
    {
      "code": "myv",
      "lang": "Erzya",
      "roman": "keľsodamo",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "кельсодамо"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingvoscienco"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingvistiko"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingviko"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "keeleteadus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "málfrøði"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "kielitiede"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingvistiikka"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistique"
    },
    {
      "code": "fur",
      "lang": "Friulian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lenghistiche"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingüística"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "enatmecniereba",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ენათმეცნიერება"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "lingvisṭiḳa",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ლინგვისტიკა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Linguistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sprachwissenschaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "glossología",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γλωσσολογία"
    },
    {
      "code": "gn",
      "lang": "Guaraní",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ñe'ẽkuaaty ha ñe'ẽtekuaa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lengwistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "balshanút",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "בַּלְשָׁנוּת"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "bhāṣāvijñān",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "भाषाविज्ञान"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "lisāniyāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "लिसानियात"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "nyelvészet"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "nyelvtudomány"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "málvísindi"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistiko"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ilmu bahasa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistica"
    },
    {
      "code": "iu",
      "lang": "Inuktitut",
      "roman": "oqaasiliriniq",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ᐅᖄᓯᓕᕆᓂᖅ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "teangeolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "げんごがく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "gengogaku",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "言語学"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "bhāṣā vijñāna",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ಭಾಷಾ ವಿಜ್ಞಾನ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "bhāṣāśāstra",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ಭಾಷಾಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
    },
    {
      "code": "csb",
      "lang": "Kashubian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingwistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "tıltanu",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тілтану"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "tıl ğylymy",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тіл ғылымы"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "liñvistika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "лингвистика"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "tıltanym",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тілтаным"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "tıl bılımı",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тіл білімі"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "phiəsaa saah",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ភាសាសាស្ត្រ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "eoneohak",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "언어학"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "zimannasî"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "tilbilim",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тилбилим"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "lingvistika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "лингвистика"
    },
    {
      "code": "lad",
      "lang": "Ladino",
      "raw_tags": [
        "Hebrew script"
      ],
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "לינגואיסטיקה"
    },
    {
      "code": "lad",
      "lang": "Ladino",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lkt",
      "lang": "Lakota",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "iyápi wóuŋspe"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "phā sā sāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ພາສາສາດ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistica"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "valodniecība"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "li",
      "lang": "Limburgish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "taalweitesjap"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "kalbotyra"
    },
    {
      "code": "nds",
      "lang": "Low German",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Spraakwetenschop"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Sproochwëssenschaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "lingvistika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лингвистика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "bhāṣāśāstraṁ",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ഭാഷാശാസ്ത്രം"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingwistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "çhengoaylleeaght"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "mātai reo"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "xel šinžlel",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "хэл шинжлэл"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "xelnii šinžlel",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "хэлний шинжлэл"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "kele sinǰilel",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "kelen-ü sinǰilel",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠬᠡᠯᠡᠨ ᠦ ᠰᠢᠨᠵᠢᠯᠡᠯ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "saad naalkaah"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Jersey"
      ],
      "word": "lîndgistique"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingüistica"
    },
    {
      "code": "os",
      "lang": "Ossetian",
      "roman": "ævzagzonynad",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ӕвзагзонынад"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "žəbpohəna",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ژبپوهنه"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "zabân-šenâsi",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "زبانشناسی"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "lesâniyât",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "لسانیات"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "glotologia"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "glottologia"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "językoznawstwo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingwistyka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguística"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "bhāśā vigiāna",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
    },
    {
      "code": "qu",
      "lang": "Quechua",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "simi yachaq"
    },
    {
      "code": "rom",
      "lang": "Romani",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "chhibavipen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistică"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "jazykoznánije",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "языкозна́ние"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "lingvístika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лингви́стика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "jazykovédenije",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "языкове́дение"
    },
    {
      "code": "sgs",
      "lang": "Samogitian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "kalbuotīra"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "bhāṣāvijñāna",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "भाषाविज्ञान"
    },
    {
      "code": "sc",
      "lang": "Sardinian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguìstica"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cànanachas"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лингвѝстика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "језикословље"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvìstika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "jezikoslovlje"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguìstica"
    },
    {
      "code": "sd",
      "lang": "Sindhi",
      "roman": "lisāniāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "لسانيات"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "jazykoveda"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "jezikoslȏvje"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingvístika"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "rěcywěda"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "hsb",
      "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "rěčespyt"
    },
    {
      "code": "hsb",
      "lang": "Upper Sorbian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linguistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lingüística"
    },
    {
      "code": "su",
      "lang": "Sundanese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "linguistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "isimu"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "lingvistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "språkvetenskap"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingguwistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dalubwikaan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "agham-wika"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "zabonšinosī",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "забоншиносӣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "lingvistika",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "лингвистика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "moḻiyiyal",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "மொழியியல்"
    },
    {
      "code": "tt",
      "lang": "Tatar",
      "roman": "tel beleme",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "тел белеме"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "bhāṣāśāstramu",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "భాషాశాస్త్రము"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "paa-sǎa-sàat",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ภาษาศาสตร์"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "skad brda rig pa",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "སྐད་བརྡ་རིག་པ།"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "brda sprod rig gnas",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "བརྡ་སྤྲོད་རིག་གནས"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "skad yig rig gnas",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "སྐད་ཡིག་རིག་གནས"
    },
    {
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "save long tokples"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dilbilim"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dil bilimi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lengüistik"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lisâniyat"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "dil bilimi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingwistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "udm",
      "lang": "Udmurt",
      "roman": "kyltodos",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "кылтодос"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "movoznávstvo",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "мовозна́вство"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "linhvístyka",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "лінгві́стика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "lisāniyāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "لسانیات"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "tilshunasliq",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "تىلشۇناسلىق"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "tilshunoslik"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingvistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "vec",
      "lang": "Venetian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "łenguìstega"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "ngôn ngữ học"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "pükav"
    },
    {
      "code": "vro",
      "lang": "Võro",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "keeletiidüs"
    },
    {
      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "linwince"
    },
    {
      "code": "war",
      "lang": "Waray-Waray",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "lingguwistika"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ieithyddiaeth"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "taalkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "lingvistik",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "לינגוויסטיק"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "shprakh-visnshaft",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "שפּראַך־וויסנשאַפֿט"
    },
    {
      "code": "zea",
      "lang": "Zealandic",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "taelkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "za",
      "lang": "Zhuang",
      "sense": "scientific study of language",
      "word": "yijyenzyoz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "linguistics"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.