"although" meaning in English

See although in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: /ɔːlˈðəʊ/ [UK], /ɔlˈðoʊ/ [US], /ɑlˈðoʊ/ [US] Audio: en-us-although.ogg [US]
enPR: ôl-''th''ōʹ Rhymes: -əʊ Etymology: From Middle English althagh, from Old English compound of eall (“all (emphatic)”) + þēah (“though”). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|althagh|}} Middle English althagh, {{der|en|ang|-}} Old English Head templates: {{en-con}} although
  1. Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession. Synonyms (in spite of): notwithstanding (english: that) Translations (in spite of the fact that): καίπερ (kaíper) (Ancient Greek), رَغْم أَنَّ (raḡm ʔanna) (Arabic), مَعَ أَنَّ (maʕa ʔanna) (Arabic), وَلَوْ (walaw) (Arabic), չնայած (čʻnayac) (Armenian), թեեւ (tʻeew) (Armenian), halbuki (Azerbaijani), baxmayaraq ki (Azerbaijani), hərçənd (Azerbaijani), ҡарамаҫтан (qaramaśtan) (Bashkir), хоць (xocʹ) (Belarusian), хаця́ (xacjá) (Belarusian), макар че (makar če) (Bulgarian), въпреки че (vǎpreki če) (Bulgarian), при все че (pri vse če) (Bulgarian), tot i que (Catalan), malgrat que (Catalan), encara que (Catalan), ئەگەرچی (egerçî) (Central Kurdish), ngakhale (Chichewa), 雖然 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 虽然 (zh-min-nan) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 雖罔 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 虽罔 (sui-bóng) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 雖然 (Chinese Cantonese), 虽然 (seoi¹ jin⁴) (Chinese Cantonese), 儘管 (Chinese Cantonese), 尽管 (zeon⁶ gun²) (Chinese Cantonese), 雖然 (Chinese Mandarin), 虽然 (suīrán) (Chinese Mandarin), 儘管 (Chinese Mandarin), 尽管 (jǐnguǎn) (Chinese Mandarin), 雖說 [colloquial] (Chinese Mandarin), 虽说 (suīshuō) (Chinese Mandarin), kyn (Cornish), kynth (Cornish), (Czech), ačkoliv (Czech), selvom (Danish), selv om (Danish), skønt (Danish), hoewel (Dutch), alhoewel (Dutch), ofschoon (Dutch), kvankam (Esperanto), vaikka (Finnish), joskin (Finnish), bien que (French), combien que (French), encore que (French), nonobstant que (French), quoique (French), tandis que (French), inanque (Galician), aínda que (Galician), maxer (Galician), macar (Galician), decasí (Galician), porén (Galician), malia (Galician), embora (Galician), orasme (Galician), decontra (Galician), emporiso (Galician), noustante (Galician), მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ (miuxedavad imisa, rom) (Georgian), obwohl (German), obschon [poetic] (German), obgleich (German), αν και (an kai) (Greek), למרות ש־ (lamrót she-) (Hebrew), אף על פי ש־ (af al pi she-) (Hebrew), अपी (apī) (Hindi), हालाँकि (hālā̃ki) (Hindi), अगरचे (agarce) (Hindi), bár (Hungarian), noha (Hungarian), habár (Hungarian), jóllehet (Hungarian), ámbár (Hungarian), þó að (Icelandic), enda þótt (Icelandic), quankam (Ido), walau (Indonesian), walaupun (Indonesian), meski (Indonesian), meskipun (Indonesian), ben que (Interlingua), cé go (Irish), sebbene (Italian), benché (note: both always followed by the subjunctive) (Italian), ...のに (...noni) (Japanese), ...だけれども (...da keredomo) (Japanese), senajan (Javanese), sanadyan (Javanese), masiya (Javanese), puluh (Javanese), enbóra (Kabuverdianu), ទោះបីជា (tʊəh bəy cie) (Khmer), បើទោះបីជា (baə tʊəh bəy cie) (Khmer), សូម្បី (soombəy) (Khmer), 하지만 (hajiman) (Korean), 지만 (jiman) (Korean), quamquam (Latin), ut (Latin), иако (iako) (Macedonian), и покрај тоа (i pokraj toa) (Macedonian), walau (Malay), walaupun (Malay), meskipun (Malay), għalkemm (Maltese), ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ (bicibe) (Manchu), ahakoa (Maori), azhą́...ndi (Navajo), tevî ku (Northern Kurdish), selv om (Norwegian Bokmål), om enn (Norwegian Bokmål), skjønt (Norwegian Bokmål), sjølv om (Norwegian Nynorsk), om enn (Norwegian Nynorsk), endå (Norwegian Nynorsk), jamvel om (Norwegian Nynorsk), aanawi (Ojibwe), þó (Old Norse), اگرچه (agarče) (Persian), با این که (bâ in-ke) (Persian), choć (Polish), chociaż (Polish), mimo że (Polish), aczkolwiek (Polish), lubo [archaic] (Polish), acz (english: bookish) (Polish), embora (Portuguese), conquanto (Portuguese), apesar de (Portuguese), deși (Romanian), cu toate că (Romanian), хотя́ (xotjá) (Russian), несмотря́ на то́, что (nesmotrjá na tó, što) (Russian), хоть и (xotʹ i) (Russian), хоть (xotʹ) (Russian), awtho (Scots), altho (Scots), iako (Serbo-Croatian), premda (Serbo-Croatian), mada (Serbo-Croatian), makar (Serbo-Croatian), hoci (Slovak), aj keď (Slovak), čeprav (Slovene), četudi (Slovene), aunque (Spanish), a pesar de (Spanish), ingawa (Swahili), fastän (Swedish), trots att (Swedish), ehuru (Swedish), แม้ (mɛ́ɛ) (Thai), ถึงจะ (Thai), ทั้งที่ (táng-tîi) (Thai), ถึงแม้ (Thai), ทั้ง ๆ (táng-táng) (Thai), rağmen (Turkish), хоча́ (xočá) (Ukrainian), хоч (xoč) (Ukrainian), не дивлячи́сь на те, що (ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo) (Ukrainian), حالان٘کِہ (hālā̃kih) (Urdu), اَگَرچِہ (agarce) (Urdu), اَلبَتَّہ (albatta) (Urdu), (Vietnamese), mặc dù (Vietnamese), dầu (Vietnamese), er (Welsh), הגם (hagam) (Yiddish), כאָטש (khotsh) (Yiddish)
    Sense id: en-although-en-conj-xyoHonFU Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 96 4 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 98 2 Disambiguation of 'in spite of': 99 1 Disambiguation of 'in spite of the fact that': 99 1
  2. But, except.
    Sense id: en-although-en-conj-FkFgWuFW
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: even if, albeit (english: that), even though, altho, altho' [informal], allthough [obsolete] Related terms: though, even though Translations (but): tot i que (Catalan), malgrat que (Catalan), بەڵام (bellam) (Central Kurdish), 但是 (dànshì) (Chinese Mandarin), 可是 (kěshì) (Chinese Mandarin), 不過 (Chinese Mandarin), 不过 (bùguò) (Chinese Mandarin), 然而 (rán'ér) (Chinese Mandarin), hoewel (Dutch), maar (Dutch), tamen (Esperanto), paitsi (Finnish), mais (French), inanque (Galician), aínda que (Galician), maxer (Galician), macar (Galician), decasí (Galician), porén (Galician), malia (Galician), embora (Galician), orasme (Galician), decontra (Galician), emporiso (Galician), noustante (Galician), თუმცა (tumca) (Georgian), trotzdem (German), παρά (pará) (Greek), ωστόσο (ostóso) (Greek), παρ' όλ' αυτά (par' ól' aftá) (Greek), μολαταύτα (molatáfta) (Greek), εντούτοις (entoútois) (Greek), אבל (avál) (Hebrew), אלא (éla) (Hebrew), de (Hungarian), viszont (Hungarian), azonban (Hungarian), ám (Hungarian), ugyanakkor (Hungarian), tamen (Ido), tapi (Indonesian), tetapi (Indonesian), しかし (shikashi) (Japanese), でも (demo) [colloquial] (Japanese), tetapi (Malay), ac (Old English), هرچند (harčand) (Persian), jednakże (Polish), embora (Portuguese), apesar de (Portuguese), însă (Romanian), одна́ко (odnáko) (Russian), хотя́ (xotjá) (Russian), aunque (Spanish), men (Swedish), gerçi (Turkish), لیکن (lekin) (Urdu), مگر (magar) (Urdu), nhưng (Vietnamese), nhưng mà (Vietnamese), dưng cơ (Vietnamese), dưng cơ mà (Vietnamese)
Disambiguation of 'but': 0 0

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for although meaning in English (29.8kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "althagh",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English althagh",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English althagh, from Old English compound of eall (“all (emphatic)”) + þēah (“though”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "although",
      "name": "en-con"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "though"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "even though"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "96 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "98 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Although it was very muddy, the football game went on.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "The patients, (al)though getting stronger, will not come off their medications."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2011 September 29, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 March 3, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, archived from the original on 2012-06-14, page 128",
          "text": "Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession."
      ],
      "id": "en-although-en-conj-xyoHonFU",
      "links": [
        [
          "Though",
          "though"
        ],
        [
          "even though",
          "even though"
        ],
        [
          "in spite of",
          "in spite of"
        ],
        [
          "despite",
          "despite"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "english": "that",
          "sense": "in spite of",
          "word": "notwithstanding"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "raḡm ʔanna",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "رَغْم أَنَّ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "maʕa ʔanna",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "مَعَ أَنَّ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "walaw",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "وَلَوْ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "čʻnayac",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "չնայած"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "tʻeew",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "թեեւ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "halbuki"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "baxmayaraq ki"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hərçənd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "qaramaśtan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ҡарамаҫтан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "xocʹ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "xacjá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хаця́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "makar če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "макар че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "vǎpreki če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "въпреки че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pri vse če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "при все че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "tot i que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "malgrat que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "encara que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ny",
          "lang": "Chichewa",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ngakhale"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "seoi¹ jin⁴",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "儘管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "zeon⁶ gun²",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "尽管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "zh-min-nan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "雖罔"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "sui-bóng",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "虽罔"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "suīrán",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "儘管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "jǐnguǎn",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "尽管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "colloquial"
          ],
          "word": "雖說"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "suīshuō",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "虽说"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kyn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kynth"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ač"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ačkoliv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "selvom"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "selv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "skønt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hoewel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "alhoewel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ofschoon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kvankam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "vaikka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "joskin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "bien que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "combien que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "encore que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "nonobstant que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quoique"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "tandis que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "inanque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aínda que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "maxer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "macar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "decasí"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "porén"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "malia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "embora"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "orasme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "decontra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "emporiso"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "noustante"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "miuxedavad imisa, rom",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "obwohl"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "poetic"
          ],
          "word": "obschon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "obgleich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "an kai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "αν και"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "kaíper",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "καίπερ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "lamrót she-",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "למרות ש־"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "af al pi she-",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "אף על פי ש־"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "apī",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "अपी"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "hālā̃ki",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "हालाँकि"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "agarce",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "अगरचे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "bár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "noha"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "habár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "jóllehet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ámbár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "þó að"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "enda þótt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quankam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walaupun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meski"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meskipun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ben que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "cé go"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "sebbene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "note": "both always followed by the subjunctive",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "benché"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...noni",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "...のに"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...da keredomo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "...だけれども"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "senajan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "sanadyan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "masiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "puluh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "kea",
          "lang": "Kabuverdianu",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "enbóra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "tʊəh bəy cie",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ទោះបីជា"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "baə tʊəh bəy cie",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "បើទោះបីជា"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "soombəy",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "សូម្បី"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "hajiman",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "하지만"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "jiman",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "지만"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "egerçî",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ئەگەرچی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "tevî ku"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quamquam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "iako",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "иако"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "i pokraj toa",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "и покрај тоа"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walaupun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meskipun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "għalkemm"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "mnc",
          "lang": "Manchu",
          "roman": "bicibe",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ahakoa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "azhą́...ndi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "selv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "om enn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "skjønt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "sjølv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "om enn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "endå"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "jamvel om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "oj",
          "lang": "Ojibwe",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aanawi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "non",
          "lang": "Old Norse",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "þó"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "agarče",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اگرچه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "bâ in-ke",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "با این که"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "choć"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "chociaż"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mimo że"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aczkolwiek"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "archaic"
          ],
          "word": "lubo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "english": "bookish",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "acz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "embora"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "conquanto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "apesar de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "deși"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "cu toate că"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotjá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хотя́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesmotrjá na tó, što",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "несмотря́ на то́, что"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotʹ i",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоть и"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotʹ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "awtho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "altho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "iako"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "premda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mada"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "makar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hoci"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aj keď"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "čeprav"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "četudi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aunque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "a pesar de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ingawa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "fastän"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "trots att"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ehuru"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "mɛ́ɛ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "แม้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ถึงจะ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "táng-tîi",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ทั้งที่"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ถึงแม้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "táng-táng",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ทั้ง ๆ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "rağmen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "xočá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоча́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "xoč",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоч"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "не дивлячи́сь на те, що"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "hālā̃kih",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "حالان٘کِہ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "agarce",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اَگَرچِہ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "albatta",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اَلبَتَّہ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "dù"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mặc dù"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "dầu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "er"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "hagam",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "הגם"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "99 1",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "khotsh",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "כאָטש"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It was difficult, although not as difficult as we had expected.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "But, except."
      ],
      "id": "en-although-en-conj-FkFgWuFW",
      "links": [
        [
          "But",
          "but"
        ],
        [
          "except",
          "except"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːlˈðəʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-although.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg/En-us-although.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ôl-''th''ōʹ"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "even if"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "that",
      "word": "albeit"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "even though"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "altho"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "word": "altho'"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "allthough"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "dànshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "但是"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "kěshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "可是"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "不過"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bùguò",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "不过"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "rán'ér",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "然而"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "paitsi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "mais"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "tumca",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "თუმცა"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "trotzdem"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "pará",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρά"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ostóso",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ωστόσο"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "par' ól' aftá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρ' όλ' αυτά"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "molatáfta",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "μολαταύτα"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "entoútois",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "εντούτοις"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "avál",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אבל"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "éla",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אלא"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "viszont"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "azonban"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ám"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ugyanakkor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shikashi",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "しかし"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "demo",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "でも"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "bellam",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "بەڵام"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ac"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "harčand",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "هرچند"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "jednakże"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "însă"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odnáko",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "одна́ко"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "men"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "gerçi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "lekin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "لیکن"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "magar",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "مگر"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng mà"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ mà"
    }
  ],
  "word": "although"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English conjunctions",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English subordinating conjunctions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Requests for review of Esperanto translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Japanese translations",
    "Requests for review of Talysh translations",
    "Rhymes:English/əʊ",
    "Rhymes:English/əʊ/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "althagh",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English althagh",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English althagh, from Old English compound of eall (“all (emphatic)”) + þēah (“though”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "although",
      "name": "en-con"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "though"
    },
    {
      "word": "even though"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Although it was very muddy, the football game went on.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "The patients, (al)though getting stronger, will not come off their medications."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2011 September 29, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 March 3, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, archived from the original on 2012-06-14, page 128",
          "text": "Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Though",
          "though"
        ],
        [
          "even though",
          "even though"
        ],
        [
          "in spite of",
          "in spite of"
        ],
        [
          "despite",
          "despite"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It was difficult, although not as difficult as we had expected.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "But, except."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "But",
          "but"
        ],
        [
          "except",
          "except"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːlˈðəʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-although.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg/En-us-although.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ôl-''th''ōʹ"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "that",
      "sense": "in spite of",
      "word": "notwithstanding"
    },
    {
      "word": "even if"
    },
    {
      "english": "that",
      "word": "albeit"
    },
    {
      "word": "even though"
    },
    {
      "word": "altho"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "word": "altho'"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "allthough"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "raḡm ʔanna",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "رَغْم أَنَّ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "maʕa ʔanna",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "مَعَ أَنَّ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "walaw",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "وَلَوْ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "čʻnayac",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "չնայած"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "tʻeew",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "թեեւ"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "halbuki"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "baxmayaraq ki"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hərçənd"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "qaramaśtan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ҡарамаҫтан"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "xocʹ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоць"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "xacjá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хаця́"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "makar če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "макар че"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "vǎpreki če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "въпреки че"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pri vse če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "при все че"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "encara que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ny",
      "lang": "Chichewa",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ngakhale"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "seoi¹ jin⁴",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "儘管"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "zeon⁶ gun²",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "尽管"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "zh-min-nan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "雖罔"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "sui-bóng",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "虽罔"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "suīrán",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "儘管"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "jǐnguǎn",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "尽管"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "雖說"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "suīshuō",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "虽说"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kyn"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kynth"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ač"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ačkoliv"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "selvom"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "selv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "skønt"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "alhoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ofschoon"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kvankam"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "vaikka"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "joskin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "bien que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "combien que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "encore que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "nonobstant que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quoique"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "tandis que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "miuxedavad imisa, rom",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "obwohl"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "poetic"
      ],
      "word": "obschon"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "obgleich"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "an kai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "αν και"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "kaíper",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "καίπερ"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "lamrót she-",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "למרות ש־"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "af al pi she-",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "אף על פי ש־"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "apī",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "अपी"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "hālā̃ki",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "हालाँकि"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "agarce",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "अगरचे"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "bár"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "noha"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "habár"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "jóllehet"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ámbár"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "þó að"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "enda þótt"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quankam"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walau"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walaupun"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meski"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meskipun"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ben que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "cé go"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "sebbene"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "note": "both always followed by the subjunctive",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "benché"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...noni",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "...のに"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...da keredomo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "...だけれども"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "senajan"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "sanadyan"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "masiya"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "puluh"
    },
    {
      "code": "kea",
      "lang": "Kabuverdianu",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "enbóra"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "tʊəh bəy cie",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ទោះបីជា"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "baə tʊəh bəy cie",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "បើទោះបីជា"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "soombəy",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "សូម្បី"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "hajiman",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "하지만"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "jiman",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "지만"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "egerçî",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ئەگەرچی"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "tevî ku"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quamquam"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ut"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "iako",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "иако"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "i pokraj toa",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "и покрај тоа"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walau"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walaupun"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meskipun"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "għalkemm"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnc",
      "lang": "Manchu",
      "roman": "bicibe",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ahakoa"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "azhą́...ndi"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "selv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "om enn"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "skjønt"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "sjølv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "om enn"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "endå"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "jamvel om"
    },
    {
      "code": "oj",
      "lang": "Ojibwe",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aanawi"
    },
    {
      "code": "non",
      "lang": "Old Norse",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "þó"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "agarče",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اگرچه"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "bâ in-ke",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "با این که"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "choć"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "chociaż"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mimo że"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aczkolwiek"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "lubo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "english": "bookish",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "acz"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "conquanto"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "deși"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "cu toate că"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesmotrjá na tó, što",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "несмотря́ на то́, что"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotʹ i",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоть и"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotʹ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоть"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "awtho"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "altho"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "iako"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "premda"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mada"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "makar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hoci"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aj keď"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "čeprav"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "četudi"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "a pesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ingawa"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "fastän"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "trots att"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ehuru"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "mɛ́ɛ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "แม้"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ถึงจะ"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "táng-tîi",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ทั้งที่"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ถึงแม้"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "táng-táng",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ทั้ง ๆ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "rağmen"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "xočá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоча́"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "xoč",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоч"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "не дивлячи́сь на те, що"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "hālā̃kih",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "حالان٘کِہ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "agarce",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اَگَرچِہ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "albatta",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اَلبَتَّہ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "dù"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mặc dù"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "dầu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "er"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "hagam",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "הגם"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "khotsh",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "כאָטש"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "dànshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "但是"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "kěshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "可是"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "不過"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bùguò",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "不过"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "rán'ér",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "然而"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maar"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "paitsi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "mais"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "tumca",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "თუმცა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "trotzdem"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "pará",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρά"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ostóso",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ωστόσο"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "par' ól' aftá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρ' όλ' αυτά"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "molatáfta",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "μολαταύτα"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "entoútois",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "εντούτοις"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "avál",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אבל"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "éla",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אלא"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "de"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "viszont"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "azonban"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ám"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ugyanakkor"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shikashi",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "しかし"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "demo",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "でも"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
      "roman": "bellam",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "بەڵام"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ac"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "harčand",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "هرچند"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "jednakże"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "însă"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odnáko",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "одна́ко"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "men"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "gerçi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "lekin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "لیکن"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "magar",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "مگر"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng mà"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ mà"
    }
  ],
  "word": "although"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/2013",
  "msg": "more than one value in \"roman\": sui-jiân, sui-liân vs. zh-min-nan",
  "path": [
    "although"
  ],
  "section": "English",
  "subsection": "conjunction",
  "title": "although",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.