"although" meaning in English

Conjunction

IPA: /ɔːlˈðəʊ/ [UK], /ɔlˈðoʊ/ [US], /ɑlˈðoʊ/ [US] enPR: ôl-''th''ōʹ Audio: en-us-although.ogg [US] Rhymes: -əʊ
  1. Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession.
    Synonyms (in spite of): notwithstanding (english: that) Disambiguation of 'in spite of': 98 2 Translations (in spite of the fact that): رَغْم أَنَّ‎ (raḡm ʾanna) (Arabic), مَعَ أَنَّ‎ (maʿa ʾanna) (Arabic), وَلَوْ‎ (walaw) (Arabic), չնայած (čʿnayac) (Armenian), թեեւ (tʿeew) (Armenian), halbuki (Azerbaijani), baxmayaraq ki (Azerbaijani), hərçənd (Azerbaijani), ҡарамаҫтан (qaramaθtan) (Bashkir), хоць (xocʹ) (Belarusian), хаця́ (xacjá) (Belarusian), макар че (makar če) (Bulgarian), въпреки че (vǎpreki če) (Bulgarian), при все че (pri vse če) (Bulgarian), tot i que (Catalan), malgrat que (Catalan), encara que (Catalan), ngakhale (Chichewa), 雖然 [Cantonese] (Chinese), 虽然 (seoi¹ jin⁴) [Cantonese] (Chinese), 儘管 [Cantonese] (Chinese), 尽管 (zeon⁶ gun²) [Cantonese] (Chinese), 雖然 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 虽然 (suīrán) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 儘管 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 尽管 (jǐnguǎn) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 雖說 [Mandarin, colloquial] (Chinese), 虽说 (suīshuō) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 雖然 [Min-Nan] (Chinese), 虽然 (sui-jiân, sui-liân) [Min-Nan] (Chinese), 雖罔 [Min-Nan] (Chinese), 虽罔 (sui-bóng) [Min-Nan] (Chinese), kyn (Cornish), kynth (Cornish), (Czech), ačkoliv (Czech), selvom (Danish), selv om (Danish), skønt (Danish), hoewel (Dutch), alhoewel (Dutch), ofschoon (Dutch), kvankam (Esperanto), vaikka (Finnish), joskin (Finnish), bien que (French), quoique (French), encore que (French), nonobstant que [obsolete] (French), combien que [obsolete] (French), inanque (Galician), aínda que (Galician), maxer (Galician), macar (Galician), decasí (Galician), porén (Galician), malia (Galician), embora (Galician), orasme (Galician), decontra (Galician), emporiso (Galician), noustante (Galician), მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ (miuxedavad imisa, rom) (Georgian), obwohl (German), obschon [poetic] (German), obgleich (German), αν και (an kai) (Greek), καίπερ (kaíper) [Ancient] (Greek), למרות ש־‎ (lamrót she-) (Hebrew), אף על פי ש־‎ (af al pi she-) (Hebrew), अपी (apī) (Hindi), हालाँकि (hālā̃ki) (Hindi), अगरचे (agarce) (Hindi), bár (Hungarian), noha (Hungarian), habár (Hungarian), jóllehet (Hungarian), ámbár (Hungarian), þó að (Icelandic), enda þótt (Icelandic), quankam (Ido), walau (Indonesian), walaupun (Indonesian), meski (Indonesian), meskipun (Indonesian), ben que (Interlingua), cé go (Irish), sebbene (Italian), benché (note: both always followed by the subjunctive) (Italian), ...のに (...noni) (Japanese), ...だけれども (...da keredomo) (Japanese), senajan (Javanese), sanadyan (Javanese), masiya (Javanese), puluh (Javanese), enbóra (Kabuverdianu), ទោះបីជា (tʊəh bəy cie) (Khmer), បើទោះបីជា (baə tʊəh bəy cie) (Khmer), សូម្បី (soombəy) (Khmer), 하지만 (hajiman) (Korean), 지만 (jiman) (Korean), ئەگەرچی‎ (egerçî) [Central-Kurdish] (Kurdish), quamquam (Latin), ut (Latin), иако (iako) (Macedonian), и покрај тоа (i pokraj toa) (Macedonian), walau (Malay), walaupun (Malay), meskipun (Malay), ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ (bicibe) (Manchu), ahakoa (Maori), azhą́...ndi (Navajo), selv om [Bokmål] (Norwegian), sjølv om [Nynorsk] (Norwegian), aanawi (Ojibwe), اگرچه‎ (agarče) (Persian), با این که‎ (bâ in-ke) (Persian), choć (Polish), chociaż (Polish), mimo że (Polish), aczkolwiek (Polish), lubo [archaic] (Polish), acz (english: bookish) (Polish), embora (Portuguese), conquanto (Portuguese), apesar de (Portuguese), deși (Romanian), cu toate că (Romanian), хотя́ (xotjá) (Russian), несмотря́ на то́, что (nesmotrjá na tó, što) (Russian), хоть и (xotʹ i) (Russian), хоть (xotʹ) (Russian), awtho (Scots), altho (Scots), iako (Serbo-Croatian), premda (Serbo-Croatian), mada (Serbo-Croatian), makar (Serbo-Croatian), hoci (Slovak), aj keď (Slovak), čeprav (Slovene), četudi (Slovene), aunque (Spanish), a pesar de (Spanish), ingawa (Swahili), fastän (Swedish), trots att (Swedish), ehuru (Swedish), แม้ (mɛ́ɛ) (Thai), ถึงจะ (Thai), ทั้งที่ (táng-tîi) (Thai), ถึงแม้ (Thai), ทั้ง ๆ (táng-táng) (Thai), rağmen (Turkish), хоча́ (xočá) (Ukrainian), хоч (xoč) (Ukrainian), не дивлячи́сь на те, що (ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo) (Ukrainian), حالان٘کِہ‎ (hālā̃kih) (Urdu), اَگَرچِہ‎ (agarce) (Urdu), اَلبَتَّہ‎ (albatta) (Urdu), (Vietnamese), mặc dù (Vietnamese), dầu (Vietnamese), er (Welsh), הגם‎ (hagam) (Yiddish), כאָטש‎ (khotsh) (Yiddish) Disambiguation of 'in spite of the fact that': 98 2
  2. But, except.
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Translations (but): tot i que (Catalan), malgrat que (Catalan), 但是 (dànshì) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 可是 (kěshì) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 不過 [Mandarin] (Chinese), 不过 (bùguò) [Mandarin] (Chinese), 然而 (alt: rán'ér) [Mandarin] (Chinese), hoewel (Dutch), maar (Dutch), tamen (Esperanto), paitsi (Finnish), mais (French), inanque (Galician), aínda que (Galician), maxer (Galician), macar (Galician), decasí (Galician), porén (Galician), malia (Galician), embora (Galician), orasme (Galician), decontra (Galician), emporiso (Galician), noustante (Galician), თუმცა (tumca) (Georgian), trotzdem (German), παρά (pará) (Greek), ωστόσο (ostóso) (Greek), παρ' όλ' αυτά (alt: par' ól' aftá) (Greek), μολαταύτα (molatáfta) (Greek), εντούτοις (entoútois) (Greek), אבל‎ (avál) (Hebrew), אלא‎ (éla) (Hebrew), de (Hungarian), viszont (Hungarian), azonban (Hungarian), ám (Hungarian), ugyanakkor (Hungarian), tamen (Ido), tapi (Indonesian), tetapi (Indonesian), しかし (shikashi) (Japanese), でも (demo) [colloquial] (Japanese), بەڵام‎ (bellam) [Central-Kurdish] (Kurdish), tetapi (Malay), ac (Old English), هرچند‎ (harčand) (Persian), jednakże (Polish), embora (Portuguese), apesar de (Portuguese), insa (Romanian), одна́ко (odnáko) (Russian), хотя́ (xotjá) (Russian), aunque (Spanish), men (Swedish), لیکن‎ (lekin) (Urdu), مگر‎ (magar) (Urdu), nhưng (Vietnamese), nhưng mà (Vietnamese), dưng cơ (Vietnamese), dưng cơ mà (Vietnamese) Disambiguation of 'but': 0 0

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for although meaning in English (31.4kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "althagh",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English althagh",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall",
        "3": "",
        "4": "all (emphatic)"
      },
      "expansion": "eall (“all (emphatic)”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "þēah",
        "3": "",
        "4": "though"
      },
      "expansion": "þēah (“though”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English althagh, from Old English compound of eall (“all (emphatic)”) + þēah (“though”)",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "although",
      "name": "en-con"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Although it was very muddy, the football game went on."
        },
        {
          "text": "The patients, (al)though getting stronger, will not come off their medications."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 78",
          "text": "Although the Celebrity was almost impervious to sarcasm, he was now beginning to exhibit visible signs of uneasiness, the consciousness dawning upon him that his eccentricity was not receiving the ovation it merited."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1963, Margery Allingham, “Eye Witness”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 483591931, page 249",
          "text": "The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen.[ … ]The second note, the high alarum, not so familiar and always important since it indicates the paramount sin in Man's private calendar, took most of them by surprise although they had been well prepared."
        },
        {
          "ref": "September 29, 2011, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012-03, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist‎, volume 100, number 2, page 128",
          "text": "Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession."
      ],
      "id": "although-conj-xyoHonFU",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "english": "that",
          "sense": "in spite of",
          "word": "notwithstanding"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "raḡm ʾanna",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "رَغْم أَنَّ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "maʿa ʾanna",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "مَعَ أَنَّ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "walaw",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "وَلَوْ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "čʿnayac",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "չնայած"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "tʿeew",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "թեեւ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "halbuki"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "baxmayaraq ki"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hərçənd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "qaramaθtan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ҡарамаҫтан"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "xocʹ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоць"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "xacjá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хаця́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "makar če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "макар че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "vǎpreki če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "въпреки че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pri vse če",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "при все че"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "tot i que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "malgrat que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "encara que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ny",
          "lang": "Chichewa",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ngakhale"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Cantonese"
          ],
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "seoi¹ jin⁴",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Cantonese"
          ],
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Cantonese"
          ],
          "word": "儘管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "zeon⁶ gun²",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Cantonese"
          ],
          "word": "尽管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "suīrán",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "儘管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "jǐnguǎn",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "尽管"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin",
            "colloquial"
          ],
          "word": "雖說"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "suīshuō",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Mandarin"
          ],
          "word": "虽说"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Min-Nan"
          ],
          "word": "雖然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "sui-jiân, sui-liân",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Min-Nan"
          ],
          "word": "虽然"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Min-Nan"
          ],
          "word": "雖罔"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "sui-bóng",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Min-Nan"
          ],
          "word": "虽罔"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kyn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kynth"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ač"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ačkoliv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "selvom"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "selv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "skønt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hoewel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "alhoewel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ofschoon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "kvankam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "vaikka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "joskin"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "bien que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quoique"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "encore que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "obsolete"
          ],
          "word": "nonobstant que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "obsolete"
          ],
          "word": "combien que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "inanque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aínda que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "maxer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "macar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "decasí"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "porén"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "malia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "embora"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "orasme"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "decontra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "emporiso"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "noustante"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "miuxedavad imisa, rom",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "obwohl"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "poetic"
          ],
          "word": "obschon"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "obgleich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "an kai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "αν και"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "kaíper",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Ancient"
          ],
          "word": "καίπερ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "lamrót she-",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "למרות ש־‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "af al pi she-",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "אף על פי ש־‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "apī",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "अपी"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "hālā̃ki",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "हालाँकि"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "agarce",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "अगरचे"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "bár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "noha"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "habár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "jóllehet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ámbár"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "þó að"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "enda þótt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quankam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walaupun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meski"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meskipun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ben que"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "cé go"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "sebbene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "note": "both always followed by the subjunctive",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "benché"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...noni",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "...のに"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "...da keredomo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "...だけれども"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "senajan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "sanadyan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "masiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "jv",
          "lang": "Javanese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "puluh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "kea",
          "lang": "Kabuverdianu",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "enbóra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "tʊəh bəy cie",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ទោះបីជា"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "baə tʊəh bəy cie",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "បើទោះបីជា"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "soombəy",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "សូម្បី"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "hajiman",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "하지만"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "jiman",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "지만"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Kurdish",
          "roman": "egerçî",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Central-Kurdish"
          ],
          "word": "ئەگەرچی‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "quamquam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "iako",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "иако"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "i pokraj toa",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "и покрај тоа"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "walaupun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "meskipun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mnc",
          "lang": "Manchu",
          "roman": "bicibe",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ahakoa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "azhą́...ndi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Bokmål"
          ],
          "word": "selv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "Nynorsk"
          ],
          "word": "sjølv om"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "oj",
          "lang": "Ojibwe",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aanawi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "agarče",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اگرچه‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "bâ in-ke",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "با این که‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "choć"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "chociaż"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mimo że"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aczkolwiek"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "tags": [
            "archaic"
          ],
          "word": "lubo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "english": "bookish",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "acz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "embora"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "conquanto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "apesar de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "deși"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "cu toate că"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotjá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хотя́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesmotrjá na tó, što",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "несмотря́ на то́, что"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotʹ i",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоть и"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "xotʹ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "awtho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "altho"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "iako"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "premda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mada"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "makar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "hoci"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aj keď"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "čeprav"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "četudi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "aunque"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "a pesar de"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ingawa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "fastän"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "trots att"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ehuru"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "mɛ́ɛ",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "แม้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ถึงจะ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "táng-tîi",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ทั้งที่"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ถึงแม้"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "táng-táng",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "ทั้ง ๆ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "rağmen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "xočá",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоча́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "xoč",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "хоч"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "не дивлячи́сь на те, що"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "hālā̃kih",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "حالان٘کِہ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "agarce",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اَگَرچِہ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "albatta",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "اَلبَتَّہ‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "dù"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "mặc dù"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "dầu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "er"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "hagam",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "הגם‎"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "khotsh",
          "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
          "word": "כאָטש‎"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It was difficult, although not as difficult as we had expected."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "But, except."
      ],
      "id": "although-conj-FkFgWuFW"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːlˈðəʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-although.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg/En-us-although.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ôl-''th''ōʹ"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "dànshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "但是"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "kěshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "可是"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "不過"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "bùguò",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "不过"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "alt": "rán'ér",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "然而"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "paitsi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "mais"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "tumca",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "თუმცა"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "trotzdem"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "pará",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρά"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ostóso",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ωστόσο"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "alt": "par' ól' aftá",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρ' όλ' αυτά"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "molatáfta",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "μολαταύτα"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "entoútois",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "εντούτοις"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "avál",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אבל‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "éla",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אלא‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "viszont"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "azonban"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ám"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ugyanakkor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shikashi",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "しかし"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "demo",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "でも"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Kurdish",
      "roman": "bellam",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Central-Kurdish"
      ],
      "word": "بەڵام‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ac"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "harčand",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "هرچند‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "jednakże"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "insa"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odnáko",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "одна́ко"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "men"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "lekin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "لیکن‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "magar",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "مگر‎"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng mà"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ mà"
    }
  ],
  "word": "although"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English conjunctions",
    "English lemmas",
    "English subordinating conjunctions",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old English",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Requests for review of Esperanto translations",
    "Requests for review of Ido translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Japanese translations",
    "Requests for review of Talysh translations",
    "Rhymes:English/əʊ",
    "Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones",
    "Terms with manual transliterations different from the automated ones/yi"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "althagh",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English althagh",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "eall",
        "3": "",
        "4": "all (emphatic)"
      },
      "expansion": "eall (“all (emphatic)”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "þēah",
        "3": "",
        "4": "though"
      },
      "expansion": "þēah (“though”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English althagh, from Old English compound of eall (“all (emphatic)”) + þēah (“though”)",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "although",
      "name": "en-con"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "though"
    },
    {
      "word": "even though"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Although it was very muddy, the football game went on."
        },
        {
          "text": "The patients, (al)though getting stronger, will not come off their medications."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter V, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., OCLC 222716698, page 78",
          "text": "Although the Celebrity was almost impervious to sarcasm, he was now beginning to exhibit visible signs of uneasiness, the consciousness dawning upon him that his eccentricity was not receiving the ovation it merited."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1963, Margery Allingham, “Eye Witness”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 483591931, page 249",
          "text": "The story struck the depressingly familiar note with which true stories ring in the tried ears of experienced policemen.[ … ]The second note, the high alarum, not so familiar and always important since it indicates the paramount sin in Man's private calendar, took most of them by surprise although they had been well prepared."
        },
        {
          "ref": "September 29, 2011, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3-1 Shamrock Rovers”, in BBC Sport",
          "text": "With the north London derby to come at the weekend, Spurs boss Harry Redknapp opted to rest many of his key players, although he brought back Aaron Lennon after a month out through injury."
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012-03, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist‎, volume 100, number 2, page 128",
          "text": "Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Though, even though, in spite of or despite the fact that: introducing a clause that expresses a concession."
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "It was difficult, although not as difficult as we had expected."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "But, except."
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːlˈðəʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑlˈðoʊ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-əʊ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-although.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg/En-us-although.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c8/En-us-although.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "ôl-''th''ōʹ"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "that",
      "sense": "in spite of",
      "word": "notwithstanding"
    },
    {
      "word": "even if"
    },
    {
      "english": "that",
      "word": "albeit"
    },
    {
      "word": "even though"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "word": "altho"
    },
    {
      "word": "altho'"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "allthough"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "raḡm ʾanna",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "رَغْم أَنَّ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "maʿa ʾanna",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "مَعَ أَنَّ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "walaw",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "وَلَوْ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "čʿnayac",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "չնայած"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "tʿeew",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "թեեւ"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "halbuki"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "baxmayaraq ki"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hərçənd"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "qaramaθtan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ҡарамаҫтан"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "xocʹ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоць"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "xacjá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хаця́"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "makar če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "макар че"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "vǎpreki če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "въпреки че"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pri vse če",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "при все че"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "encara que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ny",
      "lang": "Chichewa",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ngakhale"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese"
      ],
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "seoi¹ jin⁴",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese"
      ],
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese"
      ],
      "word": "儘管"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "zeon⁶ gun²",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Cantonese"
      ],
      "word": "尽管"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "suīrán",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "儘管"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "jǐnguǎn",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "尽管"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin",
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "雖說"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "suīshuō",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "虽说"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Min-Nan"
      ],
      "word": "雖然"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "sui-jiân, sui-liân",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Min-Nan"
      ],
      "word": "虽然"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Min-Nan"
      ],
      "word": "雖罔"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "sui-bóng",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Min-Nan"
      ],
      "word": "虽罔"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kyn"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kynth"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ač"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ačkoliv"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "selvom"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "selv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "skønt"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "alhoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ofschoon"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "kvankam"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "vaikka"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "joskin"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "bien que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quoique"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "encore que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "nonobstant que"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "combien que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "miuxedavad imisa, rom",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "მიუხედავად იმისა, რომ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "obwohl"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "poetic"
      ],
      "word": "obschon"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "obgleich"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "an kai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "αν και"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "kaíper",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Ancient"
      ],
      "word": "καίπερ"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "lamrót she-",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "למרות ש־‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "af al pi she-",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "אף על פי ש־‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "apī",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "अपी"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "hālā̃ki",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "हालाँकि"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "agarce",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "अगरचे"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "bár"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "noha"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "habár"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "jóllehet"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ámbár"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "þó að"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "enda þótt"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quankam"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walau"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walaupun"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meski"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meskipun"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ben que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "cé go"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "sebbene"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "note": "both always followed by the subjunctive",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "benché"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...noni",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "...のに"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "...da keredomo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "...だけれども"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "senajan"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "sanadyan"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "masiya"
    },
    {
      "code": "jv",
      "lang": "Javanese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "puluh"
    },
    {
      "code": "kea",
      "lang": "Kabuverdianu",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "enbóra"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "tʊəh bəy cie",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ទោះបីជា"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "baə tʊəh bəy cie",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "បើទោះបីជា"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "soombəy",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "សូម្បី"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "hajiman",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "하지만"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "jiman",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "지만"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Kurdish",
      "roman": "egerçî",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Central-Kurdish"
      ],
      "word": "ئەگەرچی‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "quamquam"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ut"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "iako",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "иако"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "i pokraj toa",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "и покрај тоа"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walau"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "walaupun"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "meskipun"
    },
    {
      "code": "mnc",
      "lang": "Manchu",
      "roman": "bicibe",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ᠪᡳᠴᡳᠪᡝ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ahakoa"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "azhą́...ndi"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Bokmål"
      ],
      "word": "selv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "Nynorsk"
      ],
      "word": "sjølv om"
    },
    {
      "code": "oj",
      "lang": "Ojibwe",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aanawi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "agarče",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اگرچه‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "bâ in-ke",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "با این که‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "choć"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "chociaż"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mimo że"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aczkolwiek"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "tags": [
        "archaic"
      ],
      "word": "lubo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "english": "bookish",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "acz"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "conquanto"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "deși"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "cu toate că"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesmotrjá na tó, što",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "несмотря́ на то́, что"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotʹ i",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоть и"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotʹ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоть"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "awtho"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "altho"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "iako"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "premda"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mada"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "makar"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "hoci"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aj keď"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "čeprav"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "četudi"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "a pesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ingawa"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "fastän"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "trots att"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ehuru"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "mɛ́ɛ",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "แม้"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ถึงจะ"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "táng-tîi",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ทั้งที่"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ถึงแม้"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "táng-táng",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "ทั้ง ๆ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "rağmen"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "xočá",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоча́"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "xoč",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "хоч"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "ne dyvljačýsʹ na te, ščo",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "не дивлячи́сь на те, що"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "hālā̃kih",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "حالان٘کِہ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "agarce",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اَگَرچِہ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "albatta",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "اَلبَتَّہ‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "dù"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "mặc dù"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "dầu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "er"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "hagam",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "הגם‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "khotsh",
      "sense": "in spite of the fact that",
      "word": "כאָטש‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tot i que"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malgrat que"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "dànshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "但是"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "kěshì",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "可是"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "不過"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "bùguò",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "不过"
    },
    {
      "alt": "rán'ér",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "然而"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "hoewel"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maar"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "paitsi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "mais"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "inanque"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aínda que"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "maxer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "macar"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decasí"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "porén"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "malia"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "orasme"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "decontra"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "emporiso"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "noustante"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "tumca",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "თუმცა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "trotzdem"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "pará",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρά"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ostóso",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ωστόσο"
    },
    {
      "alt": "par' ól' aftá",
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "παρ' όλ' αυτά"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "molatáfta",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "μολαταύτα"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "entoútois",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "εντούτοις"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "avál",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אבל‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "éla",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "אלא‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "de"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "viszont"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "azonban"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ám"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ugyanakkor"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tamen"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shikashi",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "しかし"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "demo",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ],
      "word": "でも"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Kurdish",
      "roman": "bellam",
      "sense": "but",
      "tags": [
        "Central-Kurdish"
      ],
      "word": "بەڵام‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "tetapi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "ac"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "harčand",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "هرچند‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "jednakże"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "embora"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "apesar de"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "insa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "odnáko",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "одна́ко"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "xotjá",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "хотя́"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "aunque"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "men"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "lekin",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "لیکن‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "magar",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "مگر‎"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "nhưng mà"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "but",
      "word": "dưng cơ mà"
    }
  ],
  "word": "although"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.