"vós" meaning in All languages combined

Pronoun [Asturian]

  1. you (subject pronoun: the group being addressed)
    Categories (other): Asturian pronouns

Pronoun [Catalan]

IPA: /ˈvos/ [Balearic, Valencian], /ˈbos/ [Central] Rhymes: -os
  1. you Tags: strong

Pronoun [Galician]

Forms: vos [accusative], vos [dative] IPA: [ˈbɔs]
  1. second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you
    Synonyms: vosoutros, vostedes
  2. thou, thee (an elevated form of you, singular) Tags: dated

Noun [Portuguese]

IPA: /vɔʃ/ [Portugal], /vɔs/ [Brazil], /vɔʃ/ [Rio-de-Janeiro]
  1. plural of vó Tags: feminine, form-of, plural Form of:

Pronoun [Portuguese]

IPA: /ˈvɔ(j)s/, [ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s], /ˈvɔ(j)s/, [ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s], /ˈvɔ(j)ʃ/, [ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)ʃ], /ˈvɔʃ/, [ˈvɔʃ]
  1. second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you Tags: archaic, feminine, formal, masculine, plural
    Synonyms: vocês, os senhores
  2. second-person plural prepositional pronoun; you Tags: archaic, feminine, formal, masculine, plural
  3. second-person singular nominative and prepositional pronoun used when addressing a deity, noble or certain powerful officials; you; thou Tags: feminine, masculine, plural
    Synonyms: tu, você, o senhor

Pronoun [Spanish]

  1. Obsolete spelling of vos Tags: alt-of, obsolete Alternative form of: vos
    Categories (other): Spanish pronouns

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for vós meaning in All languages combined (6.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin vōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "vós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Asturian",
  "lang_code": "ast",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Asturian pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you (subject pronoun: the group being addressed)"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*wōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *wōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "10": "{{{procl}}}",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{encl_con}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{procl_con}}}",
        "2": "pronouns",
        "3": "strong",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{strong_con}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "{{{encl}}}",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "personal pronouns",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (strong)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "sort": "vos",
        "type": "strong"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (strong)",
      "name": "ca-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "ca-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron",
      "tags": [
        "strong"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvos/",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbos/",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-os"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese vos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vos",
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vos",
      "tags": [
        "dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "accusative",
        "6": "vos",
        "7": "dative",
        "8": "vos",
        "g": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "vós (accusative vos, dative vos)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc": "vos",
        "dat": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (accusative vos, dative vos)",
      "name": "gl-pron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Galician",
  "lang_code": "gl",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron-PT9-oMrR",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "vosoutros"
        },
        {
          "word": "vostedes"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1310, E. Portela Silva (ed.), La región del obispado de Tuy en los siglos XII a XV. Santiago: Tip. El Eco Franciscano, page 384",
          "text": "De min dom ffernan ffernandez de Lima A vos Pero viçente de Martin meu omme Saude From me Don Fernán Fernández de Limia to thee Pedro Vicente de Martín, my man, hail"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1775, María Francisca Isla y Losada, Romance",
          "text": "An que me trataches bén si'ávesita non pagàs dou ò demo pè ala poño nin me alembro de vòs màis. Although thou treated me well If the visit thou don't pay [lit. you (plural) don't pay] No way I'm putting a feet there Or remembering thee anymore"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "thou, thee (an elevated form of you, singular)"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron-JqN0SbdK",
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈbɔs]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese vos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs, from Proto-Indo-European *wōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "pronouns",
        "g": "m-p",
        "g2": "f-p"
      },
      "expansion": "vós m pl or f pl",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "english": "except for rural northern Portugal",
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Vós deveis fugir. ― You must flee."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second-person plural nominative personal pronoun; you"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron-PT9-oMrR",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "vocês"
        },
        {
          "word": "os senhores"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "feminine",
        "formal",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "english": "except for rural northern Portugal",
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Tenho medo de vós. ― I am afraid of you."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second-person plural prepositional pronoun; you"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron-qOFT-55T",
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "feminine",
        "formal",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "english": "religious; formal or poetic",
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "God, thou art my strength.",
          "text": "Deus, vós sois a minha força."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "second-person singular nominative and prepositional pronoun used when addressing a deity, noble or certain powerful officials; you; thou"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron-E8tDhu-8",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "tu"
        },
        {
          "word": "você"
        },
        {
          "word": "o senhor"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)s/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)s/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)ʃ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)ʃ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔʃ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔʃ]"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "voz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "vós f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "vó"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "plural of vó"
      ],
      "id": "vós-noun",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "form-of",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔʃ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔs/",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔʃ/",
      "tags": [
        "Rio-de-Janeiro"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "voz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "vós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "vos"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Spanish pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Obsolete spelling of vos"
      ],
      "id": "vós-pron",
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin vōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "vós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Asturian",
  "lang_code": "ast",
  "pos": "pron",
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "vosotros masculine plural"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosotres feminine plural"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*wōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *wōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "10": "{{{procl}}}",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{encl_con}}}",
        "13": "",
        "14": "{{{procl_con}}}",
        "2": "pronouns",
        "3": "strong",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "6": "{{{strong_con}}}",
        "7": "",
        "8": "{{{encl}}}",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "personal pronouns",
        "head": "",
        "sort": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (strong)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "sort": "vos",
        "type": "strong"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (strong)",
      "name": "ca-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "ca-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "tu"
    },
    {
      "word": "vostè"
    },
    {
      "word": "vos"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosaltres"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvos/",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbos/",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-os"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Galician pronouns",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "vola"
    },
    {
      "word": "volas"
    },
    {
      "word": "volo"
    },
    {
      "word": "volos"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese vos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Galician and Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "vos",
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vos",
      "tags": [
        "dative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gl",
        "2": "pronoun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "accusative",
        "6": "vos",
        "7": "dative",
        "8": "vos",
        "g": "",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "vós (accusative vos, dative vos)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "acc": "vos",
        "dat": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "vós (accusative vos, dative vos)",
      "name": "gl-pron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Galician",
  "lang_code": "gl",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "convosco"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosoutros"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈbɔs]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Portuguese pronouns",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "vos"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese vos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "vōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin vōs",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*wōs"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *wōs",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs, from Proto-Indo-European *wōs.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "pronouns",
        "g": "m-p",
        "g2": "f-p"
      },
      "expansion": "vós m pl or f pl",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "vosso"
    },
    {
      "word": "você"
    },
    {
      "word": "vocês"
    },
    {
      "word": "eu"
    },
    {
      "word": "me"
    },
    {
      "word": "mim"
    },
    {
      "word": "comigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "tu"
    },
    {
      "word": "te"
    },
    {
      "word": "ti"
    },
    {
      "word": "contigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "o senhor"
    },
    {
      "word": "a senhora"
    },
    {
      "word": "ele"
    },
    {
      "word": "ela"
    },
    {
      "word": "o(lo, no)"
    },
    {
      "word": "a(la, na)"
    },
    {
      "word": "lhe"
    },
    {
      "word": "com ele"
    },
    {
      "word": "com ela"
    },
    {
      "word": "o mesmo"
    },
    {
      "word": "a mesma"
    },
    {
      "word": "se"
    },
    {
      "word": "si"
    },
    {
      "word": "consigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "nós"
    },
    {
      "word": "nos"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Portugal",
        "Brazil"
      ],
      "word": "connosco conosco"
    },
    {
      "word": "a gente"
    },
    {
      "word": "vos"
    },
    {
      "word": "convosco"
    },
    {
      "word": "com vós"
    },
    {
      "word": "os senhores"
    },
    {
      "word": "as senhoras"
    },
    {
      "word": "eles"
    },
    {
      "word": "elas"
    },
    {
      "word": "os(los, nos)"
    },
    {
      "word": "as(las, nas)"
    },
    {
      "word": "lhes"
    },
    {
      "word": "com eles"
    },
    {
      "word": "com elas"
    },
    {
      "word": "os mesmos"
    },
    {
      "word": "as mesmas"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)s/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)s/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)s]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔ(j)ʃ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔ(ɪ̯)ʃ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈvɔʃ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈvɔʃ]"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "voz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [],
  "etymology_text": "",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "noun form",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "vós f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔʃ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔs/",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/vɔʃ/",
      "tags": [
        "Rio-de-Janeiro"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "voz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "vós"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "vós",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "word": "vós"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.