"-te" meaning in All languages combined

See -te on Wiktionary

Suffix [Chuukese]

Head templates: {{head|chk|suffix}} -te
  1. (auxiliary) Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never Tags: auxiliary, morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-chk-suffix-qKyR19ou Categories (other): Chuukese entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Dutch]

Forms: -ten [plural], -tes [plural]
Etymology: From Middle Dutch -ede, from Old Dutch -itha, from Proto-West Germanic *-iþu, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th. Middle Dutch -ede was shortened to -de in late Middle Dutch, and the suffix was devoiced to -te according to the 't kofschip rule. This voiceless variety was then taken to be the suffix proper and the voiced variety gradually fell out of use. Etymology templates: {{inh|nl|dum|-ede}} Middle Dutch -ede, {{inh|nl|odt|-itha}} Old Dutch -itha, {{inh|nl|gmw-pro|*-iþu}} Proto-West Germanic *-iþu, {{inh|nl|gem-pro|*-iþō}} Proto-Germanic *-iþō Head templates: {{head|nl|suffix|plural|-ten|or|-tes|cat2=noun-forming suffixes|g=f}} -te f (plural -ten or -tes)
  1. appended to an adjective, making a feminine noun which refers to the size or quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th. Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-nl-suffix-kGohuHMI
  2. appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb. Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-nl-suffix-gPsUc2hZ
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: kilte, laagte, steilte
Etymology number: 1

Suffix [Dutch]

Head templates: {{head|nl|suffix}} -te
  1. See ge- -te. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-nl-suffix-adW3lofB
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix [Dutch]

Etymology: Cognate with English -ed; derives from a Germanic verb form of to do. Etymology templates: {{cog|en|-ed}} English -ed Head templates: {{head|nl|suffix|cat2=inflectional suffixes}} -te
  1. a suffix that forms the singular of the past tense of weak verbs, the root of which ends in a voiceless consonant Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -de
    Sense id: en--te-nl-suffix-WODeoAr1 Categories (other): Dutch entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Dutch entries with incorrect language header: 23 17 1 60
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Suffix [German]

IPA: /tə/
Etymology: From Middle High German -te, -ete, from a merger of several Old High German conjugations. Etymology templates: {{inh|de|gmh|-te}} Middle High German -te, {{inh|de|goh|-}} Old High German Head templates: {{head|de|inflectional suffixes}} -te
  1. forms the first-person and third-person singular of the past tense and past subjunctive of weak verbs and some irregular verbs Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -ete (english: used with most stems in -d, -t, and consonant + -n, -m)
    Sense id: en--te-de-suffix-jIN35sXT Categories (other): German entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of German entries with incorrect language header: 84 16
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix [German]

IPA: /tə/ Forms: -ten [plural]
Etymology: From Middle Low German and Middle Dutch -te, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō, whence also inherited but equally rare German -de. Etymology templates: {{der|de|gml|-}} Middle Low German, {{der|de|dum|-te}} Middle Dutch -te, {{der|de|gem-pro|*-iþō}} Proto-Germanic *-iþō, {{m+|de|-de}} German -de Head templates: {{head|de|suffix|plural|-ten|g=f}} -te f (plural -ten)
  1. (rare, not productive, only as synchronic surface analysis) forms nouns from adjectives Tags: feminine, idiomatic, morpheme, rare
    Sense id: en--te-de-suffix-MYIyEeUq
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix [Hungarian]

IPA: [tɛ]
Head templates: {{head|hu|suffix}} -te
  1. (noun-forming suffix) Forms nouns from certain verbs (cf. -és), incorporating the third-person singular possessive suffix (-e), which can be replaced by other personal possessive suffixes. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-hu-suffix-hu:noun_forming Categories (other): Hungarian entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Irish]

Head templates: {{head|ga|suffix|cat2=inflectional suffixes|cat3=|g=|g2=}} -te, {{ga-suffix|i}} -te
  1. slender form of -ta (plural suffix) Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-ga-suffix-lFc98M9h
  2. slender form of -ta (past participle suffix) Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-ga-suffix-qjnSuUtx Categories (other): Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Irish entries with incorrect language header: 19 81

Suffix [Latin]

Head templates: {{head|la|suffix form}} -te
  1. masculine vocative singular of -tus Tags: form-of, masculine, morpheme, singular, vocative Form of: -tus
    Sense id: en--te-la-suffix-mVPYsb3i Categories (other): Latin entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Middle English]

IPA: /-ˈteː/, /-teː/
Etymology: From Old French -te, -tet, from Latin -tās, -tātem; compare -ite. Etymology templates: {{bor|enm|fro|-te}} Old French -te, {{der|enm|la|-tās|-tās, -tātem}} Latin -tās, -tātem Head templates: {{head|enm|suffix}} -te
  1. Forms abstract nouns from adjectives. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-enm-suffix-vUo4sxZa Categories (other): Middle English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Middle English entries with incorrect language header: 73 9 9 7 2 Synonyms: -ite, -tee, -tei, -tey, -tie, -ty, -tye, -teth, -tethe, -teþ, -tith, -tithe Synonyms (from early Old French -tet): -tet
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix [Middle English]

Head templates: {{head|enm|suffix}} -te
  1. (following fricatives) Alternative form of -th (abstract nominal suffix) Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -th (extra: abstract nominal suffix)
    Sense id: en--te-enm-suffix-MRCAUXfi
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix [Middle English]

Head templates: {{head|enm|suffix}} -te
  1. (following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (abstract nominal suffix) Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -the (extra: abstract nominal suffix)
    Sense id: en--te-enm-suffix-3Bjujv-N
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Suffix [Middle English]

Head templates: {{head|enm|suffix}} -te
  1. (following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (ordinal suffix) Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -the (extra: ordinal suffix)
    Sense id: en--te-enm-suffix-6j6vt0iL
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Suffix [Middle English]

Head templates: {{head|enm|suffix}} -te
  1. Alternative form of -ty Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -ty
    Sense id: en--te-enm-suffix-kDqbk8V1
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Suffix [Proto-Ryukyuan]

Etymology: From Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”). Etymology templates: {{inh|jpx-ryu-pro|jpx-pro|*-te||conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)}} Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”) Head templates: {{head|jpx-ryu-pro|suffix}} *-te
  1. conjunctive form of completion marker (in verbs) Tags: conjunctive, form-of, morpheme, reconstruction Form of: completion marker (extra: in verbs)
    Sense id: en--te-jpx-ryu-pro-suffix-KxybFQoa Categories (other): Proto-Ryukyuan entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Saterland Frisian]

Etymology: From Old Frisian -te, -ithe, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th. Etymology templates: {{inh|stq|ofs|-te}} Old Frisian -te, {{inh|stq|gem-pro|*-iþō}} Proto-Germanic *-iþō Head templates: {{head|stq|suffix|g=f}} -te f
  1. Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives, or other nouns; -th Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--te-stq-suffix-SoXdSDP7 Categories (other): Saterland Frisian entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Scottish Gaelic]

Etymology: From Old Irish -de. Etymology templates: {{inh|gd|sga|-de}} Old Irish -de Head templates: {{head|gd|suffix}} -te
  1. Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun. Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -da, -de, -ta
    Sense id: en--te-gd-suffix-UYcxPNmX Categories (other): Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Swedish]

Head templates: {{head|sv|suffix}} -te
  1. Alternative form of -de; suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense) Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -de (extra: suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense)) Synonyms: -de
    Sense id: en--te-sv-suffix-XNhHGtNY Categories (other): Swedish entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Turkish]

Head templates: {{head|tr|suffix}} -te
  1. Alternative form of -da (locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant) Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme Alternative form of: -da (extra: (locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant))
    Sense id: en--te-tr-suffix-4ac0j0Sa Categories (other): Turkish entries with incorrect language header

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for -te meaning in All languages combined (19.7kB)

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "chk",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Chuukese",
  "lang_code": "chk",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Chuukese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-chk-suffix-qKyR19ou",
      "links": [
        [
          "never",
          "never"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(auxiliary) Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "auxiliary",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "kilte"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "laagte"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "steilte"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "-ede"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch -ede",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "-itha"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch -itha",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*-iþu"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *-iþu",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Dutch -ede, from Old Dutch -itha, from Proto-West Germanic *-iþu, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.\nMiddle Dutch -ede was shortened to -de in late Middle Dutch, and the suffix was devoiced to -te according to the 't kofschip rule. This voiceless variety was then taken to be the suffix proper and the voiced variety gradually fell out of use.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ten",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-ten",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-tes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f (plural -ten or -tes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "hoog + -te → hoogte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "ruim + -te → ruimte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "breed + -te → breedte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "lang + -te → lengte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "gewoon + -te → gewoonte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "appended to an adjective, making a feminine noun which refers to the size or quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-nl-suffix-kGohuHMI",
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ],
        [
          "-th",
          "-th#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "behoeven + -te → behoefte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "beloven + -te → belofte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-nl-suffix-gPsUc2hZ",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "See ge- -te."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-nl-suffix-adW3lofB",
      "links": [
        [
          "ge- -te",
          "ge- -te#Dutch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-ed"
      },
      "expansion": "English -ed",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Cognate with English -ed; derives from a Germanic verb form of to do.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 17 1 60",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "maken + -te → maakte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a suffix that forms the singular of the past tense of weak verbs, the root of which ends in a voiceless consonant"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-nl-suffix-WODeoAr1",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-de"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German -te",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle High German -te, -ete, from a merger of several Old High German conjugations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "84 16",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "reisen (“to travel”) + -te → reiste (“[I] travelled; [he] travelled”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms the first-person and third-person singular of the past tense and past subjunctive of weak verbs and some irregular verbs"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-de-suffix-jIN35sXT",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "used with most stems in -d, -t, and consonant + -n, -m",
          "word": "-ete"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tə/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch -te",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "-de"
      },
      "expansion": "German -de",
      "name": "m+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Low German and Middle Dutch -te, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō, whence also inherited but equally rare German -de.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ten",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-ten",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f (plural -ten)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "flau (“slack, windless”) + -te → Flaute (“slackness, stagnation”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "halb (“half”) + -te → Hälfte (“half, fifty percent”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "raum (“wide, open”) + -te → Räumte (“cargo capacity of a ship”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms nouns from adjectives"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-de-suffix-MYIyEeUq",
      "links": [
        [
          "synchronic",
          "synchronic"
        ],
        [
          "surface analysis",
          "surface analysis"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare, not productive, only as synchronic surface analysis) forms nouns from adjectives"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "as synchronic surface analysis"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "idiomatic",
        "morpheme",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tə/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "érkezik (“to arrive”) + -te → érkezte (“his/her/its arrival”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms nouns from certain verbs (cf. -és), incorporating the third-person singular possessive suffix (-e), which can be replaced by other personal possessive suffixes."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-hu-suffix-hu:noun_forming",
      "links": [
        [
          "-és",
          "-és#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "noun-forming suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(noun-forming suffix) Forms nouns from certain verbs (cf. -és), incorporating the third-person singular possessive suffix (-e), which can be replaced by other personal possessive suffixes."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:noun-forming"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[tɛ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "i"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "ga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "slender form of -ta (plural suffix)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-ga-suffix-lFc98M9h",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ta",
          "-ta#Irish:_plural"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "19 81",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "slender form of -ta (past participle suffix)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-ga-suffix-qjnSuUtx",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ta",
          "-ta#Irish:_participle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "-tus"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "masculine vocative singular of -tus"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-la-suffix-mVPYsb3i",
      "links": [
        [
          "-tus",
          "-tus#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-ty"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -ty",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -ty"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-ty"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -ty",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -ty"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French -te",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "-tās",
        "4": "-tās, -tātem"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -tās, -tātem",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French -te, -tet, from Latin -tās, -tātem; compare -ite.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "73 9 9 7 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms abstract nouns from adjectives."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-enm-suffix-vUo4sxZa",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ite"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tee"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tei"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tey"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tie"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ty"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tye"
        },
        {
          "word": "-teth"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tethe"
        },
        {
          "word": "-teþ"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tith"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tithe"
        },
        {
          "sense": "from early Old French -tet",
          "word": "-tet"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/-ˈteː/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/-teː/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "abstract nominal suffix",
          "word": "-th"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -th (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-enm-suffix-MRCAUXfi",
      "links": [
        [
          "-th",
          "-th#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -th (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "abstract nominal suffix",
          "word": "-the"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -the (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-enm-suffix-3Bjujv-N",
      "links": [
        [
          "-the",
          "-the#Middle_English:_abstract_nominal"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ordinal suffix",
          "word": "-the"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -the (ordinal suffix)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-enm-suffix-6j6vt0iL",
      "links": [
        [
          "-the",
          "-the#Middle_English:_ordinal"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (ordinal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "-ty"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -ty"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-enm-suffix-kDqbk8V1",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ty",
          "-ty#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "ofs",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Frisian -te",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Frisian -te, -ithe, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Saterland Frisian",
  "lang_code": "stq",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Saterland Frisian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives, or other nouns; -th"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-stq-suffix-SoXdSDP7",
      "links": [
        [
          "-th",
          "-th"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "-de"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish -de",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish -de.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The story is finished.",
          "text": "'S crìochnaichte an sgeul.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "beum (“stress”) + -te → beumte (“stressed”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "blas (“taste”) + -te → blasta (“tasty”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "drabas (“filthiness of speech, smut”) + -te → drabasda (“obscene, ribald, smutty, dirty, indelicate”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun."
      ],
      "id": "en--te-gd-suffix-UYcxPNmX",
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-da"
        },
        {
          "word": "-de"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ta"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense)",
          "word": "-de"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -de; suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-sv-suffix-XNhHGtNY",
      "links": [
        [
          "-de",
          "-de#Swedish"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-de"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant)",
          "word": "-da"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -da (locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-tr-suffix-4ac0j0Sa",
      "links": [
        [
          "-da",
          "-da#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Northern Ryukyuan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kzg",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Kikai: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kikai: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xug",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "thi"
          },
          "expansion": "Kunigami: てぃ (thi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kunigami: てぃ (thi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ryn",
            "2": "とぃ",
            "tr": "tï"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ryu",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Okinawan: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Okinawan: てぃ (ti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "okn",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Oki-No-Erabu: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Oki-No-Erabu: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ams",
            "2": "とぃ",
            "tr": "tï"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tkn",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Toku-No-Shima: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Toku-No-Shima: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yox",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yoron: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yoron: てぃ (ti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Southern Ryukyuan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mvi",
            "2": "ってぃ",
            "tr": "tti"
          },
          "expansion": "Miyako: ってぃ (tti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Miyako: ってぃ (tti) (< *site)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "rys",
            "2": "ってぃ",
            "tr": "tti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yaeyama: ってぃ (tti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yaeyama: ってぃ (tti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yoi",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yonaguni: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yonaguni: てぃ (ti)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "jpx-ryu-pro",
        "2": "jpx-pro",
        "3": "*-te",
        "4": "",
        "5": "conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "jpx-ryu-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Ryukyuan",
  "lang_code": "jpx-ryu-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Ryukyuan/-te",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Ryukyuan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "in verbs",
          "word": "completion marker"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "conjunctive form of completion marker (in verbs)"
      ],
      "id": "en--te-jpx-ryu-pro-suffix-KxybFQoa",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive",
        "form-of",
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}
{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "chk",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Chuukese",
  "lang_code": "chk",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Chuukese auxiliary verbs",
        "Chuukese entries with incorrect language header",
        "Chuukese lemmas",
        "Chuukese suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "never",
          "never"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(auxiliary) Used to express negative tense in the determinate; never"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "auxiliary",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
    "Dutch feminine suffixes",
    "Dutch inflectional suffixes",
    "Dutch lemmas",
    "Dutch noun-forming suffixes",
    "Dutch suffixes",
    "Dutch terms derived from Middle Dutch",
    "Dutch terms derived from Old Dutch",
    "Dutch terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Dutch terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Dutch terms inherited from Middle Dutch",
    "Dutch terms inherited from Old Dutch",
    "Dutch terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Dutch terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "kilte"
    },
    {
      "word": "laagte"
    },
    {
      "word": "steilte"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "-ede"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch -ede",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "-itha"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch -itha",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*-iþu"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *-iþu",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Dutch -ede, from Old Dutch -itha, from Proto-West Germanic *-iþu, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.\nMiddle Dutch -ede was shortened to -de in late Middle Dutch, and the suffix was devoiced to -te according to the 't kofschip rule. This voiceless variety was then taken to be the suffix proper and the voiced variety gradually fell out of use.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ten",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-tes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-ten",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-tes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f (plural -ten or -tes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "hoog + -te → hoogte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "ruim + -te → ruimte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "breed + -te → breedte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "lang + -te → lengte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "gewoon + -te → gewoonte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "appended to an adjective, making a feminine noun which refers to the size or quality referred to by the adjective, cognate to -th."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ],
        [
          "-th",
          "-th#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "behoeven + -te → behoefte",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "beloven + -te → belofte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "appended to the stem of a verb, yields a feminine noun which refers to the object of such a verb."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
    "Dutch inflectional suffixes",
    "Dutch lemmas",
    "Dutch suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "See ge- -te."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ge- -te",
          "ge- -te#Dutch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
    "Dutch inflectional suffixes",
    "Dutch lemmas",
    "Dutch suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-ed"
      },
      "expansion": "English -ed",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Cognate with English -ed; derives from a Germanic verb form of to do.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "maken + -te → maakte",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a suffix that forms the singular of the past tense of weak verbs, the root of which ends in a voiceless consonant"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-de"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "German 1-syllable words",
    "German entries with incorrect language header",
    "German feminine suffixes",
    "German inflectional suffixes",
    "German lemmas",
    "German suffixes",
    "German terms derived from Middle Dutch",
    "German terms derived from Middle High German",
    "German terms derived from Middle Low German",
    "German terms derived from Old High German",
    "German terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "German terms inherited from Middle High German",
    "German terms inherited from Old High German",
    "German terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gmh",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle High German -te",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "goh",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle High German -te, -ete, from a merger of several Old High German conjugations.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "inflectional suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "reisen (“to travel”) + -te → reiste (“[I] travelled; [he] travelled”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms the first-person and third-person singular of the past tense and past subjunctive of weak verbs and some irregular verbs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tə/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used with most stems in -d, -t, and consonant + -n, -m",
      "word": "-ete"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "German 1-syllable words",
    "German entries with incorrect language header",
    "German feminine suffixes",
    "German lemmas",
    "German suffixes",
    "German terms derived from Middle Dutch",
    "German terms derived from Middle Low German",
    "German terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "German terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "dum",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Dutch -te",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "-de"
      },
      "expansion": "German -de",
      "name": "m+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Low German and Middle Dutch -te, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō, whence also inherited but equally rare German -de.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ten",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-ten",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f (plural -ten)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "German terms with rare senses"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "flau (“slack, windless”) + -te → Flaute (“slackness, stagnation”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "halb (“half”) + -te → Hälfte (“half, fifty percent”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "raum (“wide, open”) + -te → Räumte (“cargo capacity of a ship”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms nouns from adjectives"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "synchronic",
          "synchronic"
        ],
        [
          "surface analysis",
          "surface analysis"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(rare, not productive, only as synchronic surface analysis) forms nouns from adjectives"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "as synchronic surface analysis"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "idiomatic",
        "morpheme",
        "rare"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/tə/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hu",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Hungarian",
  "lang_code": "hu",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Hungarian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Hungarian lemmas",
        "Hungarian suffixes",
        "Hungarian terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "érkezik (“to arrive”) + -te → érkezte (“his/her/its arrival”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms nouns from certain verbs (cf. -és), incorporating the third-person singular possessive suffix (-e), which can be replaced by other personal possessive suffixes."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-és",
          "-és#Hungarian"
        ],
        [
          "-e",
          "-e#Hungarian"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "noun-forming suffix",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(noun-forming suffix) Forms nouns from certain verbs (cf. -és), incorporating the third-person singular possessive suffix (-e), which can be replaced by other personal possessive suffixes."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "hu:noun-forming"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[tɛ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Irish inflectional suffixes",
    "Irish lemmas",
    "Irish suffixes"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "inflectional suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "i"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "ga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Irish",
  "lang_code": "ga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "slender form of -ta (plural suffix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ta",
          "-ta#Irish:_plural"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "slender form of -ta (past participle suffix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ta",
          "-ta#Irish:_participle"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
        "Latin non-lemma forms",
        "Latin suffix forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "-tus"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "masculine vocative singular of -tus"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-tus",
          "-tus#Latin"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English suffixes",
    "Middle English terms borrowed from Old French",
    "Middle English terms derived from Latin",
    "Middle English terms derived from Old French",
    "Middle English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "-ty"
          },
          "expansion": "English: -ty",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: -ty"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "-ty"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: -ty",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: -ty"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French -te",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "-tās",
        "4": "-tās, -tātem"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -tās, -tātem",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French -te, -tet, from Latin -tās, -tātem; compare -ite.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Forms abstract nouns from adjectives."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ite"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/-ˈteː/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/-teː/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-tee"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tei"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tey"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tie"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ty"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tye"
    },
    {
      "sense": "from early Old French -tet",
      "word": "-tet"
    },
    {
      "word": "-teth"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tethe"
    },
    {
      "word": "-teþ"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tith"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tithe"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "abstract nominal suffix",
          "word": "-th"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -th (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-th",
          "-th#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -th (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "abstract nominal suffix",
          "word": "-the"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -the (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-the",
          "-the#Middle_English:_abstract_nominal"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (abstract nominal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "ordinal suffix",
          "word": "-the"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -the (ordinal suffix)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-the",
          "-the#Middle_English:_ordinal"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "following fricatives",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(following fricatives) Alternative form of -the (ordinal suffix)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English suffixes"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "-ty"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -ty"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ty",
          "-ty#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Northern Ryukyuan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kzg",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Kikai: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kikai: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xug",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "thi"
          },
          "expansion": "Kunigami: てぃ (thi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kunigami: てぃ (thi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ryn",
            "2": "とぃ",
            "tr": "tï"
          },
          "expansion": "Northern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Northern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ryu",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Okinawan: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Okinawan: てぃ (ti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "okn",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Oki-No-Erabu: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Oki-No-Erabu: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ams",
            "2": "とぃ",
            "tr": "tï"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Amami-Oshima: とぃ (tï)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tkn",
            "2": "て゚ぃ",
            "tr": "θi"
          },
          "expansion": "Toku-No-Shima: て゚ぃ (θi)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Toku-No-Shima: て゚ぃ (θi)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yox",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yoron: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yoron: てぃ (ti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Southern Ryukyuan:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "mvi",
            "2": "ってぃ",
            "tr": "tti"
          },
          "expansion": "Miyako: ってぃ (tti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Miyako: ってぃ (tti) (< *site)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "rys",
            "2": "ってぃ",
            "tr": "tti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yaeyama: ってぃ (tti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yaeyama: ってぃ (tti)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yoi",
            "2": "てぃ",
            "tr": "ti"
          },
          "expansion": "Yonaguni: てぃ (ti)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yonaguni: てぃ (ti)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "jpx-ryu-pro",
        "2": "jpx-pro",
        "3": "*-te",
        "4": "",
        "5": "conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Japonic *-te (“conjunctive form of the completion marker (in verbs)”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "jpx-ryu-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Ryukyuan",
  "lang_code": "jpx-ryu-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Ryukyuan/-te",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Ryukyuan entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Ryukyuan lemmas",
        "Proto-Ryukyuan suffixes",
        "Proto-Ryukyuan terms derived from Proto-Japonic",
        "Proto-Ryukyuan terms inherited from Proto-Japonic"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "extra": "in verbs",
          "word": "completion marker"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "conjunctive form of completion marker (in verbs)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive",
        "form-of",
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "ofs",
        "3": "-te"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Frisian -te",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*-iþō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *-iþō",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Frisian -te, -ithe, from Proto-Germanic *-iþō. More at -th.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "stq",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-te f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Saterland Frisian",
  "lang_code": "stq",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Saterland Frisian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Saterland Frisian feminine suffixes",
        "Saterland Frisian lemmas",
        "Saterland Frisian suffixes",
        "Saterland Frisian terms derived from Old Frisian",
        "Saterland Frisian terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Saterland Frisian terms inherited from Old Frisian",
        "Saterland Frisian terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms abstract nouns from verbs, adjectives, or other nouns; -th"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-th",
          "-th"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "sga",
        "3": "-de"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish -de",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Irish -de.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gd",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
  "lang_code": "gd",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Scottish Gaelic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Scottish Gaelic lemmas",
        "Scottish Gaelic suffixes",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms derived from Old Irish",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms inherited from Old Irish",
        "Scottish Gaelic terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The story is finished.",
          "text": "'S crìochnaichte an sgeul.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "beum (“stress”) + -te → beumte (“stressed”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "blas (“taste”) + -te → blasta (“tasty”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "drabas (“filthiness of speech, smut”) + -te → drabasda (“obscene, ribald, smutty, dirty, indelicate”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "adjective",
          "adjective#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-da"
    },
    {
      "word": "-de"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ta"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense)",
          "word": "-de"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Swedish lemmas",
        "Swedish suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -de; suffix to create preterite tense of verbs if the stem ends in a unvoiced consonant (this form of the suffix is only applicable to verbs which end in -er in the present tense)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-de",
          "-de#Swedish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-de"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-te",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "(locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant)",
          "word": "-da"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Turkish lemmas",
        "Turkish suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -da (locative suffix) (after a front vowel followed by an unvoiced consonant)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-da",
          "-da#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-te"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.