"erpaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See erpaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈer.pɑz/
Etymology: From Pre-Germanic *erppaz, earlier *h₁erbʰnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”) (< o-grade *h₁orbʰnós). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₁erbʰ-}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-, {{cog|grc|ὀρφνός||dark brown}} Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-a|erp}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table2|*erpaz|*erpanǭ|*erpas, -is|*erpammai|*erpanō|*erpai|*erpanz|*erpaizǫ̂|*erpaimaz|*erpaimiz|*erpō|*erpǭ|*erpaizōz|*erpaizōi|*erpaizō|*erpôz|*erpōz|*erpaizǫ̂|*erpaimaz|*erpaimiz|*erpą, -atō|*erpą, -atō|*erpas, -is|*erpammai|*erpanō|*erpō|*erpō|*erpaizǫ̂|*erpaimaz|*erpaimiz|*erpô|*erpanų|*erpiniz|*erpini|*erpinē|*erpaniz|*erpanunz|*erpanǫ̂|*erpammaz|*erpammiz|*erpǭ|*erpōnų|*erpōniz|*erpōni|*erpōnē|*erpōniz|*erpōnunz|*erpōnǫ̂|*erpōmaz|*erpōmiz|*erpô|*erpô|*erpiniz|*erpini|*erpinē|*erpōnō|*erpōnō|*erpanǫ̂|*erpammaz|*erpammiz|title=*erpaz (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], erpaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], erpai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], erpō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], erpôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], erpą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], erpō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], erpanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], erpanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], erpǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], erpōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], erpą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], erpō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], erpas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -is [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], erpaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], erpaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], erpaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], erpas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -is [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], erpaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], erpammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], erpaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], erpaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], erpaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], erpammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], erpaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], erpanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], erpaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], erpaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], erpaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], erpanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], erpaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], erpô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], erpaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], erpǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], erpōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], erpô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], erpōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], erpanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], erpanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], erpōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], erpōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], erpô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], erpōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], erpiniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], erpanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], erpōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], erpōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], erpiniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], erpanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], erpini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], erpammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], erpōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], erpōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], erpini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], erpammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], erpinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], erpammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], erpōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], erpōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], erpinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], erpammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. light brown, brown Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: reconstruction Derived forms: erpô, irpijǭ
    Sense id: en-erpaz-gem-pro-adj-n89PiXKL Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Related terms: blaikaz, blankaz, hwītaz, blasaz, falwaz, grēwaz, haswaz, grīsaz, hairaz, blakaz, swartaz, raudaz, brūnaz, erpaz, dusnaz, gelwaz, gulaz, grōniz, blēwaz, hēwijaz, baswaz

Download JSON data for erpaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (11.2kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "eorp",
            "3": "earp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: eorp, earp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: eorp, earp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*erpa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *erpa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *erpa; no direct attestations, but found in the toponym: Erpapa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: only indirect descendants, e.g., erpel, the toponym Erpe (<Old Dutch Erpapa) and the patronym Erpe (<Old Dutch *Erpo)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Dutch: only indirect descendants, e.g., erpel, raaphoen, Erps-Kwerps"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "erpf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: erpf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: erpf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "jarpr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: jarpr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: jarpr, definite jarpi m (“the brown one; the hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "jarpur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: jarpur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: jarpur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "jarpur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: jarpur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: jarpur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "järpe",
            "g": "c",
            "t": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: järpe c (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: järpe c (“hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "jerpe",
            "g": "m,f",
            "t": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: jerpe m or f (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: jerpe m or f (“hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "hjerpe",
            "3": "jærpe",
            "bor": "1",
            "g2": "c",
            "t2": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Danish: hjerpe, jærpe c (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Danish: hjerpe, jærpe c (“hazel grouse”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁erbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὀρφνός",
        "3": "",
        "4": "dark brown"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *erppaz, earlier *h₁erbʰnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”) (< o-grade *h₁orbʰnós).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "erp"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*erpaz",
        "10": "*erpaimiz",
        "11": "*erpō",
        "12": "*erpǭ",
        "13": "*erpaizōz",
        "14": "*erpaizōi",
        "15": "*erpaizō",
        "16": "*erpôz",
        "17": "*erpōz",
        "18": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*erpaimaz",
        "2": "*erpanǭ",
        "20": "*erpaimiz",
        "21": "*erpą, -atō",
        "22": "*erpą, -atō",
        "23": "*erpas, -is",
        "24": "*erpammai",
        "25": "*erpanō",
        "26": "*erpō",
        "27": "*erpō",
        "28": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*erpaimaz",
        "3": "*erpas, -is",
        "30": "*erpaimiz",
        "31": "*erpô",
        "32": "*erpanų",
        "33": "*erpiniz",
        "34": "*erpini",
        "35": "*erpinē",
        "36": "*erpaniz",
        "37": "*erpanunz",
        "38": "*erpanǫ̂",
        "39": "*erpammaz",
        "4": "*erpammai",
        "40": "*erpammiz",
        "41": "*erpǭ",
        "42": "*erpōnų",
        "43": "*erpōniz",
        "44": "*erpōni",
        "45": "*erpōnē",
        "46": "*erpōniz",
        "47": "*erpōnunz",
        "48": "*erpōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*erpōmaz",
        "5": "*erpanō",
        "50": "*erpōmiz",
        "51": "*erpô",
        "52": "*erpô",
        "53": "*erpiniz",
        "54": "*erpini",
        "55": "*erpinē",
        "56": "*erpōnō",
        "57": "*erpōnō",
        "58": "*erpanǫ̂",
        "59": "*erpammaz",
        "6": "*erpai",
        "60": "*erpammiz",
        "7": "*erpanz",
        "8": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*erpaimaz",
        "title": "*erpaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/erpaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "erpô"
        },
        {
          "word": "irpijǭ"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "light brown, brown"
      ],
      "id": "en-erpaz-gem-pro-adj-n89PiXKL",
      "links": [
        [
          "brown",
          "brown"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "blaikaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blankaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hwītaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blasaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "falwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "haswaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grīsaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hairaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blakaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "swartaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "raudaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "brūnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "erpaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "dusnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gelwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gulaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grōniz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hēwijaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "baswaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈer.pɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "erpaz"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "erpô"
    },
    {
      "word": "irpijǭ"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "eorp",
            "3": "earp"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: eorp, earp",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: eorp, earp"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "*erpa"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: *erpa",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: *erpa; no direct attestations, but found in the toponym: Erpapa"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: only indirect descendants, e.g., erpel, the toponym Erpe (<Old Dutch Erpapa) and the patronym Erpe (<Old Dutch *Erpo)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Dutch: only indirect descendants, e.g., erpel, raaphoen, Erps-Kwerps"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "erpf"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: erpf",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: erpf"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "jarpr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: jarpr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: jarpr, definite jarpi m (“the brown one; the hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "jarpur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: jarpur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: jarpur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "jarpur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: jarpur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: jarpur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "järpe",
            "g": "c",
            "t": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: järpe c (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: järpe c (“hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "jerpe",
            "g": "m,f",
            "t": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: jerpe m or f (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: jerpe m or f (“hazel grouse”)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "hjerpe",
            "3": "jærpe",
            "bor": "1",
            "g2": "c",
            "t2": "hazel grouse"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Danish: hjerpe, jærpe c (“hazel grouse”)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Danish: hjerpe, jærpe c (“hazel grouse”)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁erbʰ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὀρφνός",
        "3": "",
        "4": "dark brown"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Pre-Germanic *erppaz, earlier *h₁erbʰnós, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erbʰ-. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὀρφνός (orphnós, “dark brown”) (< o-grade *h₁orbʰnós).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "erpammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "erp"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*erpaz",
        "10": "*erpaimiz",
        "11": "*erpō",
        "12": "*erpǭ",
        "13": "*erpaizōz",
        "14": "*erpaizōi",
        "15": "*erpaizō",
        "16": "*erpôz",
        "17": "*erpōz",
        "18": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*erpaimaz",
        "2": "*erpanǭ",
        "20": "*erpaimiz",
        "21": "*erpą, -atō",
        "22": "*erpą, -atō",
        "23": "*erpas, -is",
        "24": "*erpammai",
        "25": "*erpanō",
        "26": "*erpō",
        "27": "*erpō",
        "28": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*erpaimaz",
        "3": "*erpas, -is",
        "30": "*erpaimiz",
        "31": "*erpô",
        "32": "*erpanų",
        "33": "*erpiniz",
        "34": "*erpini",
        "35": "*erpinē",
        "36": "*erpaniz",
        "37": "*erpanunz",
        "38": "*erpanǫ̂",
        "39": "*erpammaz",
        "4": "*erpammai",
        "40": "*erpammiz",
        "41": "*erpǭ",
        "42": "*erpōnų",
        "43": "*erpōniz",
        "44": "*erpōni",
        "45": "*erpōnē",
        "46": "*erpōniz",
        "47": "*erpōnunz",
        "48": "*erpōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*erpōmaz",
        "5": "*erpanō",
        "50": "*erpōmiz",
        "51": "*erpô",
        "52": "*erpô",
        "53": "*erpiniz",
        "54": "*erpini",
        "55": "*erpinē",
        "56": "*erpōnō",
        "57": "*erpōnō",
        "58": "*erpanǫ̂",
        "59": "*erpammaz",
        "6": "*erpai",
        "60": "*erpammiz",
        "7": "*erpanz",
        "8": "*erpaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*erpaimaz",
        "title": "*erpaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/erpaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "blaikaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blankaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hwītaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blasaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "falwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "haswaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grīsaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hairaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blakaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "swartaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "raudaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "brūnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "erpaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "dusnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gelwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gulaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hēwijaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "baswaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Colors"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "light brown, brown"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "brown",
          "brown"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈer.pɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "erpaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.