"blakaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See blakaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈblɑ.kɑz/
Etymology: Uncertain. Perhaps from Pre-Germanic *bʰlogos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-. Compare Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”). Alternatively, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *mlagos, from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-. Compare Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”). Etymology templates: {{unc|gem-pro}} Uncertain, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰleg-}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-, {{cog|ine-pro|*bʰleyǵ-||to shine, burn, scorch}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”), {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*mlagos}} Proto-Indo-European *mlagos, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*melh₂-}} Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-, {{cog|grc|μέλᾱς|t=dark, black}} Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-a|blak}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table2|*blakaz|*blakanǭ|*blakas, -is|*blakammai|*blakanō|*blakai|*blakanz|*blakaizǫ̂|*blakaimaz|*blakaimiz|*blakō|*blakǭ|*blakaizōz|*blakaizōi|*blakaizō|*blakôz|*blakōz|*blakaizǫ̂|*blakaimaz|*blakaimiz|*blaką, -atō|*blaką, -atō|*blakas, -is|*blakammai|*blakanō|*blakō|*blakō|*blakaizǫ̂|*blakaimaz|*blakaimiz|*blakô|*blakanų|*blakiniz|*blakini|*blakinē|*blakaniz|*blakanunz|*blakanǫ̂|*blakammaz|*blakammiz|*blakǭ|*blakōnų|*blakōniz|*blakōni|*blakōnē|*blakōniz|*blakōnunz|*blakōnǫ̂|*blakōmaz|*blakōmiz|*blakô|*blakô|*blakiniz|*blakini|*blakinē|*blakōnō|*blakōnō|*blakanǫ̂|*blakammaz|*blakammiz|title=*blakaz (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], blakaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], blakai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], blakō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], blakôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], blaką [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], blakō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], blakanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], blakanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], blakǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], blakōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], blaką [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], blakō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], blakas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -is [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], blakaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], blakaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], blakaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], blakas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -is [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], blakaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], blakammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], blakaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], blakaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], blakaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], blakammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], blakaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], blakanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], blakaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], blakaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], blakaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], blakanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], blakaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], blakô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], blakaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], blakǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], blakōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], blakô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], blakōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], blakanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], blakanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], blakōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], blakōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], blakô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], blakōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], blakiniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], blakanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], blakōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], blakōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], blakiniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], blakanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], blakini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], blakammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], blakōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], blakōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], blakini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], blakammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], blakinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], blakammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], blakōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], blakōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], blakinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], blakammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. burnt Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-blakaz-gem-pro-adj-i9HFy4N- Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 58 42
  2. black, swart Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: *swartaz
    Sense id: en-blakaz-gem-pro-adj-fbMq6Q~8
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated

Download JSON data for blakaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (12.7kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "blæc"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: blæc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: blæc"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "blak",
            "3": "blake"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: blak, blake",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: blak, blake"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "English: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "blak",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Dutch: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Dutch: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "bhlock"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: bhlock",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: bhlock"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "blak",
            "3": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: blak, black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: blak, black (in combinations: blakglas; blakpulwer, blackpulwer; blakvarwe, blakverwe)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "giblakmalad",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Dutch: giblakmalad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Dutch: giblakmalad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "blah",
            "3": "plah"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: blah, plah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: blah, plah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "blach"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: blach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: blach"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "blach"
          },
          "expansion": "German: blach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: blach (in combinations: Blachmal Blachfrost, Blachfeld)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*bʰleyǵ-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to shine, burn, scorch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mlagos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mlagos",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*melh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μέλᾱς",
        "t": "dark, black"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Perhaps from Pre-Germanic *bʰlogos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-. Compare Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”).\nAlternatively, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *mlagos, from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-. Compare Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blaką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blaką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "blak"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*blakaz",
        "10": "*blakaimiz",
        "11": "*blakō",
        "12": "*blakǭ",
        "13": "*blakaizōz",
        "14": "*blakaizōi",
        "15": "*blakaizō",
        "16": "*blakôz",
        "17": "*blakōz",
        "18": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*blakaimaz",
        "2": "*blakanǭ",
        "20": "*blakaimiz",
        "21": "*blaką, -atō",
        "22": "*blaką, -atō",
        "23": "*blakas, -is",
        "24": "*blakammai",
        "25": "*blakanō",
        "26": "*blakō",
        "27": "*blakō",
        "28": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*blakaimaz",
        "3": "*blakas, -is",
        "30": "*blakaimiz",
        "31": "*blakô",
        "32": "*blakanų",
        "33": "*blakiniz",
        "34": "*blakini",
        "35": "*blakinē",
        "36": "*blakaniz",
        "37": "*blakanunz",
        "38": "*blakanǫ̂",
        "39": "*blakammaz",
        "4": "*blakammai",
        "40": "*blakammiz",
        "41": "*blakǭ",
        "42": "*blakōnų",
        "43": "*blakōniz",
        "44": "*blakōni",
        "45": "*blakōnē",
        "46": "*blakōniz",
        "47": "*blakōnunz",
        "48": "*blakōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*blakōmaz",
        "5": "*blakanō",
        "50": "*blakōmiz",
        "51": "*blakô",
        "52": "*blakô",
        "53": "*blakiniz",
        "54": "*blakini",
        "55": "*blakinē",
        "56": "*blakōnō",
        "57": "*blakōnō",
        "58": "*blakanǫ̂",
        "59": "*blakammaz",
        "6": "*blakai",
        "60": "*blakammiz",
        "7": "*blakanz",
        "8": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*blakaimaz",
        "title": "*blakaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/blakaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blaką"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blakōną"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blaikaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blēwaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blankaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "hwītaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blasaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "falwaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grēwaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "haswaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grīsaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "hairaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blakaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "swartaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "raudaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "brūnaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "erpaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "dusnaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "gelwaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "gulaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "hēwijaz"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "baswaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "58 42",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "burnt"
      ],
      "id": "en-blakaz-gem-pro-adj-i9HFy4N-",
      "links": [
        [
          "burnt",
          "burnt"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "black, swart"
      ],
      "id": "en-blakaz-gem-pro-adj-fbMq6Q~8",
      "links": [
        [
          "black",
          "black"
        ],
        [
          "swart",
          "swart"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*swartaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈblɑ.kɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "blakaz"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic adjectives",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with unknown etymologies",
    "gem-pro:Colors"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "blæc"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: blæc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: blæc"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "blak",
            "3": "blake"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle English: blak, blake",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle English: blak, blake"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "English: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 5,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nl",
            "2": "blak",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Dutch: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Dutch: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "bhlock"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: bhlock",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: bhlock"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "*blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: *blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: *blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gml",
            "2": "blak",
            "3": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Low German: blak, black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Low German: blak, black (in combinations: blakglas; blakpulwer, blackpulwer; blakvarwe, blakverwe)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "giblakmalad",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Old Dutch: giblakmalad",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Old Dutch: giblakmalad"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "blah",
            "3": "plah"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: blah, plah",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: blah, plah"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmh",
            "2": "blach"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle High German: blach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle High German: blach"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "de",
            "2": "blach"
          },
          "expansion": "German: blach",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "German: blach (in combinations: Blachmal Blachfrost, Blachfeld)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro"
      },
      "expansion": "Uncertain",
      "name": "unc"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*bʰleyǵ-",
        "3": "",
        "4": "to shine, burn, scorch"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*mlagos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *mlagos",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*melh₂-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "μέλᾱς",
        "t": "dark, black"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Uncertain. Perhaps from Pre-Germanic *bʰlogos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleg-. Compare Proto-Indo-European *bʰleyǵ- (“to shine, burn, scorch”).\nAlternatively, perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *mlagos, from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-. Compare Ancient Greek μέλᾱς (mélās, “dark, black”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blaką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blaką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blakammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "blak"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*blakaz",
        "10": "*blakaimiz",
        "11": "*blakō",
        "12": "*blakǭ",
        "13": "*blakaizōz",
        "14": "*blakaizōi",
        "15": "*blakaizō",
        "16": "*blakôz",
        "17": "*blakōz",
        "18": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*blakaimaz",
        "2": "*blakanǭ",
        "20": "*blakaimiz",
        "21": "*blaką, -atō",
        "22": "*blaką, -atō",
        "23": "*blakas, -is",
        "24": "*blakammai",
        "25": "*blakanō",
        "26": "*blakō",
        "27": "*blakō",
        "28": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*blakaimaz",
        "3": "*blakas, -is",
        "30": "*blakaimiz",
        "31": "*blakô",
        "32": "*blakanų",
        "33": "*blakiniz",
        "34": "*blakini",
        "35": "*blakinē",
        "36": "*blakaniz",
        "37": "*blakanunz",
        "38": "*blakanǫ̂",
        "39": "*blakammaz",
        "4": "*blakammai",
        "40": "*blakammiz",
        "41": "*blakǭ",
        "42": "*blakōnų",
        "43": "*blakōniz",
        "44": "*blakōni",
        "45": "*blakōnē",
        "46": "*blakōniz",
        "47": "*blakōnunz",
        "48": "*blakōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*blakōmaz",
        "5": "*blakanō",
        "50": "*blakōmiz",
        "51": "*blakô",
        "52": "*blakô",
        "53": "*blakiniz",
        "54": "*blakini",
        "55": "*blakinē",
        "56": "*blakōnō",
        "57": "*blakōnō",
        "58": "*blakanǫ̂",
        "59": "*blakammaz",
        "6": "*blakai",
        "60": "*blakammiz",
        "7": "*blakanz",
        "8": "*blakaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*blakaimaz",
        "title": "*blakaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/blakaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "blaką"
    },
    {
      "word": "blakōną"
    },
    {
      "word": "blaikaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blankaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hwītaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blasaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "falwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "haswaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grīsaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hairaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blakaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "swartaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "raudaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "brūnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "erpaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "dusnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gelwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gulaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hēwijaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "baswaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "burnt"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "burnt",
          "burnt"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "black, swart"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "black",
          "black"
        ],
        [
          "swart",
          "swart"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*swartaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈblɑ.kɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "blakaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.