"haswaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See haswaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈxɑs.wɑz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”). Cognate with Latin caesius (“blue-grey”), Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”), Latin cascus (“old, ancient”). Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*ḱeh₂s-||bright grey}} Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”), {{cog|la|caesius||blue-grey}} Latin caesius (“blue-grey”), {{cog|la|cānus||grey, silvery, hoary}} Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”), {{cog|la|cascus||old, ancient}} Latin cascus (“old, ancient”) Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-a|hasw}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table2|*haswaz|*haswanǭ|*haswas, -is|*haswammai|*haswanō|*haswai|*haswanz|*haswaizǫ̂|*haswaimaz|*haswaimiz|*haswō|*haswǭ|*haswaizōz|*haswaizōi|*haswaizō|*haswôz|*haswōz|*haswaizǫ̂|*haswaimaz|*haswaimiz|*haswą, -atō|*haswą, -atō|*haswas, -is|*haswammai|*haswanō|*haswō|*haswō|*haswaizǫ̂|*haswaimaz|*haswaimiz|*haswô|*haswanų|*haswiniz|*haswini|*haswinē|*haswaniz|*haswanunz|*haswanǫ̂|*haswammaz|*haswammiz|*haswǭ|*haswōnų|*haswōniz|*haswōni|*haswōnē|*haswōniz|*haswōnunz|*haswōnǫ̂|*haswōmaz|*haswōmiz|*haswô|*haswô|*haswiniz|*haswini|*haswinē|*haswōnō|*haswōnō|*haswanǫ̂|*haswammaz|*haswammiz|title=*haswaz (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], haswaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], haswai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], haswō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], haswôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], haswą [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], haswō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], haswanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], haswanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], haswǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], haswōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], haswą [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], haswō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], haswas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -is [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], haswaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], haswaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], haswaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], haswas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -is [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], haswaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], haswammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], haswaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], haswaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], haswaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], haswammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], haswaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], haswanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], haswaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], haswaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], haswaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], haswanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], haswaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], haswô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], haswaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], haswǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], haswōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], haswô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], haswōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], haswanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], haswanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], haswōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], haswōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], haswô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], haswōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], haswiniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], haswanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], haswōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], haswōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], haswiniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], haswanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], haswini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], haswammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], haswōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], haswōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], haswini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], haswammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], haswinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], haswammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], haswōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], haswōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], haswinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], haswammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. grey Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-haswaz-gem-pro-adj-Z~w2OFu0 Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Related terms: hasô, blaikaz, blankaz, hwītaz, blasaz, falwaz, grēwaz, haswaz, grīsaz, hairaz, blakaz, swartaz, raudaz, brūnaz, erpaz, dusnaz, gelwaz, gulaz, grōniz, blēwaz, hēwijaz, baswaz Related terms (Proto-West Germanic: *hasn): hǣwen [Old-English] Related terms (Proto-West Germanic: *hasn; Old High German): hasan

Download JSON data for haswaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (10.6kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hasu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasu, *haswī\nOld English: hasu, heasu\n⇒ Middle English: haswed\nOld Saxon: hasu\nOld High German: *haswi\nMiddle High German: heswe\n→ Old French: *hasve, have\nMiddle French: have\nFrench: hâve",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasu, *haswī\nOld English: hasu, heasu\n⇒ Middle English: haswed\nOld Saxon: hasu\nOld High German: *haswi\nMiddle High German: heswe\n→ Old French: *hasve, have\nMiddle French: have\nFrench: hâve"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hǫss"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hǫss",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hǫss"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "höss"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: höss",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: höss"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ḱeh₂s-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bright grey"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "caesius",
        "3": "",
        "4": "blue-grey"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin caesius (“blue-grey”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "cānus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "grey, silvery, hoary"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "cascus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "old, ancient"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin cascus (“old, ancient”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”). Cognate with Latin caesius (“blue-grey”), Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”), Latin cascus (“old, ancient”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hasw"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*haswaz",
        "10": "*haswaimiz",
        "11": "*haswō",
        "12": "*haswǭ",
        "13": "*haswaizōz",
        "14": "*haswaizōi",
        "15": "*haswaizō",
        "16": "*haswôz",
        "17": "*haswōz",
        "18": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*haswaimaz",
        "2": "*haswanǭ",
        "20": "*haswaimiz",
        "21": "*haswą, -atō",
        "22": "*haswą, -atō",
        "23": "*haswas, -is",
        "24": "*haswammai",
        "25": "*haswanō",
        "26": "*haswō",
        "27": "*haswō",
        "28": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*haswaimaz",
        "3": "*haswas, -is",
        "30": "*haswaimiz",
        "31": "*haswô",
        "32": "*haswanų",
        "33": "*haswiniz",
        "34": "*haswini",
        "35": "*haswinē",
        "36": "*haswaniz",
        "37": "*haswanunz",
        "38": "*haswanǫ̂",
        "39": "*haswammaz",
        "4": "*haswammai",
        "40": "*haswammiz",
        "41": "*haswǭ",
        "42": "*haswōnų",
        "43": "*haswōniz",
        "44": "*haswōni",
        "45": "*haswōnē",
        "46": "*haswōniz",
        "47": "*haswōnunz",
        "48": "*haswōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*haswōmaz",
        "5": "*haswanō",
        "50": "*haswōmiz",
        "51": "*haswô",
        "52": "*haswô",
        "53": "*haswiniz",
        "54": "*haswini",
        "55": "*haswinē",
        "56": "*haswōnō",
        "57": "*haswōnō",
        "58": "*haswanǫ̂",
        "59": "*haswammaz",
        "6": "*haswai",
        "60": "*haswammiz",
        "7": "*haswanz",
        "8": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*haswaimaz",
        "title": "*haswaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/haswaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "grey"
      ],
      "id": "en-haswaz-gem-pro-adj-Z~w2OFu0",
      "links": [
        [
          "grey",
          "grey"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasn",
          "tags": [
            "Old-English"
          ],
          "word": "hǣwen"
        },
        {
          "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasn; Old High German",
          "word": "hasan"
        },
        {
          "word": "hasô"
        },
        {
          "word": "blaikaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blankaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hwītaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blasaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "falwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "haswaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grīsaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hairaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blakaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "swartaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "raudaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "brūnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "erpaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "dusnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gelwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gulaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grōniz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hēwijaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "baswaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxɑs.wɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "haswaz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*hasu"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasu, *haswī\nOld English: hasu, heasu\n⇒ Middle English: haswed\nOld Saxon: hasu\nOld High German: *haswi\nMiddle High German: heswe\n→ Old French: *hasve, have\nMiddle French: have\nFrench: hâve",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasu, *haswī\nOld English: hasu, heasu\n⇒ Middle English: haswed\nOld Saxon: hasu\nOld High German: *haswi\nMiddle High German: heswe\n→ Old French: *hasve, have\nMiddle French: have\nFrench: hâve"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "hǫss"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: hǫss",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: hǫss"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "höss"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: höss",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: höss"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*ḱeh₂s-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bright grey"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "caesius",
        "3": "",
        "4": "blue-grey"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin caesius (“blue-grey”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "cānus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "grey, silvery, hoary"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "cascus",
        "3": "",
        "4": "old, ancient"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin cascus (“old, ancient”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeh₂s- (“bright grey”). Cognate with Latin caesius (“blue-grey”), Latin cānus (“grey, silvery, hoary”), Latin cascus (“old, ancient”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswą",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "haswammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "hasw"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*haswaz",
        "10": "*haswaimiz",
        "11": "*haswō",
        "12": "*haswǭ",
        "13": "*haswaizōz",
        "14": "*haswaizōi",
        "15": "*haswaizō",
        "16": "*haswôz",
        "17": "*haswōz",
        "18": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*haswaimaz",
        "2": "*haswanǭ",
        "20": "*haswaimiz",
        "21": "*haswą, -atō",
        "22": "*haswą, -atō",
        "23": "*haswas, -is",
        "24": "*haswammai",
        "25": "*haswanō",
        "26": "*haswō",
        "27": "*haswō",
        "28": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*haswaimaz",
        "3": "*haswas, -is",
        "30": "*haswaimiz",
        "31": "*haswô",
        "32": "*haswanų",
        "33": "*haswiniz",
        "34": "*haswini",
        "35": "*haswinē",
        "36": "*haswaniz",
        "37": "*haswanunz",
        "38": "*haswanǫ̂",
        "39": "*haswammaz",
        "4": "*haswammai",
        "40": "*haswammiz",
        "41": "*haswǭ",
        "42": "*haswōnų",
        "43": "*haswōniz",
        "44": "*haswōni",
        "45": "*haswōnē",
        "46": "*haswōniz",
        "47": "*haswōnunz",
        "48": "*haswōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*haswōmaz",
        "5": "*haswanō",
        "50": "*haswōmiz",
        "51": "*haswô",
        "52": "*haswô",
        "53": "*haswiniz",
        "54": "*haswini",
        "55": "*haswinē",
        "56": "*haswōnō",
        "57": "*haswōnō",
        "58": "*haswanǫ̂",
        "59": "*haswammaz",
        "6": "*haswai",
        "60": "*haswammiz",
        "7": "*haswanz",
        "8": "*haswaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*haswaimaz",
        "title": "*haswaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/haswaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasn",
      "tags": [
        "Old-English"
      ],
      "word": "hǣwen"
    },
    {
      "sense": "Proto-West Germanic: *hasn; Old High German",
      "word": "hasan"
    },
    {
      "word": "hasô"
    },
    {
      "word": "blaikaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blankaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hwītaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blasaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "falwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "haswaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grīsaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hairaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blakaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "swartaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "raudaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "brūnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "erpaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "dusnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gelwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gulaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hēwijaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "baswaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "gem-pro:Colors"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "grey"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grey",
          "grey"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈxɑs.wɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "haswaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.