"blankaz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See blankaz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈblɑŋ.kɑz/
Etymology: A late formation from *blinkaną (“to shine, blink”), with the *-i- interpreted as an e-grade vowel. Thus, its formation must have followed the raising of *e to *i before a nasal + consonant, which made this analysis possible. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*bʰleyǵ-}} Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-adj-a|blank}}, {{gem-decl-adj-table2|*blankaz|*blankanǭ|*blankas, -is|*blankammai|*blankanō|*blankai|*blankanz|*blankaizǫ̂|*blankaimaz|*blankaimiz|*blankō|*blankǭ|*blankaizōz|*blankaizōi|*blankaizō|*blankôz|*blankōz|*blankaizǫ̂|*blankaimaz|*blankaimiz|*blanką, -atō|*blanką, -atō|*blankas, -is|*blankammai|*blankanō|*blankō|*blankō|*blankaizǫ̂|*blankaimaz|*blankaimiz|*blankô|*blankanų|*blankiniz|*blankini|*blankinē|*blankaniz|*blankanunz|*blankanǫ̂|*blankammaz|*blankammiz|*blankǭ|*blankōnų|*blankōniz|*blankōni|*blankōnē|*blankōniz|*blankōnunz|*blankōnǫ̂|*blankōmaz|*blankōmiz|*blankô|*blankô|*blankiniz|*blankini|*blankinē|*blankōnō|*blankōnō|*blankanǫ̂|*blankammaz|*blankammiz|title=*blankaz (a-stem)}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], blankaz [masculine, nominative, singular, strong], blankai [masculine, nominative, plural, strong], blankō [feminine, nominative, singular, strong], blankôz [feminine, nominative, plural, strong], blanką [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], -atō [neuter, nominative, singular, strong], blankō [neuter, nominative, plural, strong], blankanǭ [accusative, masculine, singular, strong], blankanz [accusative, masculine, plural, strong], blankǭ [accusative, feminine, singular, strong], blankōz [accusative, feminine, plural, strong], blanką [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], -atō [accusative, neuter, singular, strong], blankō [accusative, neuter, plural, strong], blankas [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], -is [genitive, masculine, singular, strong], blankaizǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, strong], blankaizōz [feminine, genitive, singular, strong], blankaizǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, strong], blankas [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], -is [genitive, neuter, singular, strong], blankaizǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, strong], blankammai [dative, masculine, singular, strong], blankaimaz [dative, masculine, plural, strong], blankaizōi [dative, feminine, singular, strong], blankaimaz [dative, feminine, plural, strong], blankammai [dative, neuter, singular, strong], blankaimaz [dative, neuter, plural, strong], blankanō [instrumental, masculine, singular, strong], blankaimiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, strong], blankaizō [feminine, instrumental, singular, strong], blankaimiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, strong], blankanō [instrumental, neuter, singular, strong], blankaimiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, strong], blankô [masculine, nominative, singular, weak], blankaniz [masculine, nominative, plural, weak], blankǭ [feminine, nominative, singular, weak], blankōniz [feminine, nominative, plural, weak], blankô [neuter, nominative, singular, weak], blankōnō [neuter, nominative, plural, weak], blankanų [accusative, masculine, singular, weak], blankanunz [accusative, masculine, plural, weak], blankōnų [accusative, feminine, singular, weak], blankōnunz [accusative, feminine, plural, weak], blankô [accusative, neuter, singular, weak], blankōnō [accusative, neuter, plural, weak], blankiniz [genitive, masculine, singular, weak], blankanǫ̂ [genitive, masculine, plural, weak], blankōniz [feminine, genitive, singular, weak], blankōnǫ̂ [feminine, genitive, plural, weak], blankiniz [genitive, neuter, singular, weak], blankanǫ̂ [genitive, neuter, plural, weak], blankini [dative, masculine, singular, weak], blankammaz [dative, masculine, plural, weak], blankōni [dative, feminine, singular, weak], blankōmaz [dative, feminine, plural, weak], blankini [dative, neuter, singular, weak], blankammaz [dative, neuter, plural, weak], blankinē [instrumental, masculine, singular, weak], blankammiz [instrumental, masculine, plural, weak], blankōnē [feminine, instrumental, singular, weak], blankōmiz [feminine, instrumental, plural, weak], blankinē [instrumental, neuter, singular, weak], blankammiz [instrumental, neuter, plural, weak]
  1. bright, shining, white, gleaming, blinding Wikipedia link: Brill Publishers Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: *blaikaz, *hwītaz

Download JSON data for blankaz meaning in Proto-Germanic (12.4kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*blank"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *blank\nOld English: blanc\n⇒ Old English: blanca, blonca (“white horse”)\nMiddle English: blanke, blonke\nScots: blonk (“steed”)\nEnglish: blank\nOld Frisian: blank\nSaterland Frisian: blonk\nWest Frisian: blank\nOld Saxon: *blank\nMiddle Low German: blank\nGerman Low German: blank\n→ Old Norse: blankr\nIcelandic: blankur\nFaroese: blankur\nNorwegian: blank\nOld Swedish: blanker\nSwedish: blank\nOld Danish: blank\nDanish: blank\nElfdalian: blaunk\nGutnish: blankar\nScanian: blánker\nOld Dutch: *blanc\nMiddle Dutch: blanc\nDutch: blank\nLimburgish: blank\nOld High German: blanch, blank\nMiddle High German: blank\nGerman: blank\nLuxembourgish: blank\nVilamovian: błān\n→ Medieval Latin: blancus (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *blank\nOld English: blanc\n⇒ Old English: blanca, blonca (“white horse”)\nMiddle English: blanke, blonke\nScots: blonk (“steed”)\nEnglish: blank\nOld Frisian: blank\nSaterland Frisian: blonk\nWest Frisian: blank\nOld Saxon: *blank\nMiddle Low German: blank\nGerman Low German: blank\n→ Old Norse: blankr\nIcelandic: blankur\nFaroese: blankur\nNorwegian: blank\nOld Swedish: blanker\nSwedish: blank\nOld Danish: blank\nDanish: blank\nElfdalian: blaunk\nGutnish: blankar\nScanian: blánker\nOld Dutch: *blanc\nMiddle Dutch: blanc\nDutch: blank\nLimburgish: blank\nOld High German: blanch, blank\nMiddle High German: blank\nGerman: blank\nLuxembourgish: blank\nVilamovian: błān\n→ Medieval Latin: blancus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "blakkr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: blakkr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: blakkr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "blakkur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: blakkur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: blakkur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "blakkur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: blakkur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: blakkur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "blakk"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: blakk",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: blakk"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "blakker"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: blakker",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: blakker"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "blokk"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: blokk",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: blokk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A late formation from *blinkaną (“to shine, blink”), with the *-i- interpreted as an e-grade vowel. Thus, its formation must have followed the raising of *e to *i before a nasal + consonant, which made this analysis possible.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blanką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blanką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "blank"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*blankaz",
        "10": "*blankaimiz",
        "11": "*blankō",
        "12": "*blankǭ",
        "13": "*blankaizōz",
        "14": "*blankaizōi",
        "15": "*blankaizō",
        "16": "*blankôz",
        "17": "*blankōz",
        "18": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*blankaimaz",
        "2": "*blankanǭ",
        "20": "*blankaimiz",
        "21": "*blanką, -atō",
        "22": "*blanką, -atō",
        "23": "*blankas, -is",
        "24": "*blankammai",
        "25": "*blankanō",
        "26": "*blankō",
        "27": "*blankō",
        "28": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*blankaimaz",
        "3": "*blankas, -is",
        "30": "*blankaimiz",
        "31": "*blankô",
        "32": "*blankanų",
        "33": "*blankiniz",
        "34": "*blankini",
        "35": "*blankinē",
        "36": "*blankaniz",
        "37": "*blankanunz",
        "38": "*blankanǫ̂",
        "39": "*blankammaz",
        "4": "*blankammai",
        "40": "*blankammiz",
        "41": "*blankǭ",
        "42": "*blankōnų",
        "43": "*blankōniz",
        "44": "*blankōni",
        "45": "*blankōnē",
        "46": "*blankōniz",
        "47": "*blankōnunz",
        "48": "*blankōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*blankōmaz",
        "5": "*blankanō",
        "50": "*blankōmiz",
        "51": "*blankô",
        "52": "*blankô",
        "53": "*blankiniz",
        "54": "*blankini",
        "55": "*blankinē",
        "56": "*blankōnō",
        "57": "*blankōnō",
        "58": "*blankanǫ̂",
        "59": "*blankammaz",
        "6": "*blankai",
        "60": "*blankammiz",
        "7": "*blankanz",
        "8": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*blankaimaz",
        "title": "*blankaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/blankaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bright, shining, white, gleaming, blinding"
      ],
      "id": "en-blankaz-gem-pro-adj-xRGdcsa1",
      "links": [
        [
          "bright",
          "bright"
        ],
        [
          "shining",
          "shining"
        ],
        [
          "white",
          "white"
        ],
        [
          "gleaming",
          "gleaming"
        ],
        [
          "blinding",
          "blinding"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "blinkaną"
        },
        {
          "word": "blankijaną"
        },
        {
          "word": "blaikaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blankaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hwītaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blasaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "falwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "haswaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grīsaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hairaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blakaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "swartaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "raudaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "brūnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "erpaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "dusnaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gelwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "gulaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "grōniz"
        },
        {
          "word": "blēwaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "hēwijaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "baswaz"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*blaikaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*hwītaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈblɑŋ.kɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "blankaz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*blank"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *blank\nOld English: blanc\n⇒ Old English: blanca, blonca (“white horse”)\nMiddle English: blanke, blonke\nScots: blonk (“steed”)\nEnglish: blank\nOld Frisian: blank\nSaterland Frisian: blonk\nWest Frisian: blank\nOld Saxon: *blank\nMiddle Low German: blank\nGerman Low German: blank\n→ Old Norse: blankr\nIcelandic: blankur\nFaroese: blankur\nNorwegian: blank\nOld Swedish: blanker\nSwedish: blank\nOld Danish: blank\nDanish: blank\nElfdalian: blaunk\nGutnish: blankar\nScanian: blánker\nOld Dutch: *blanc\nMiddle Dutch: blanc\nDutch: blank\nLimburgish: blank\nOld High German: blanch, blank\nMiddle High German: blank\nGerman: blank\nLuxembourgish: blank\nVilamovian: błān\n→ Medieval Latin: blancus (see there for further descendants)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *blank\nOld English: blanc\n⇒ Old English: blanca, blonca (“white horse”)\nMiddle English: blanke, blonke\nScots: blonk (“steed”)\nEnglish: blank\nOld Frisian: blank\nSaterland Frisian: blonk\nWest Frisian: blank\nOld Saxon: *blank\nMiddle Low German: blank\nGerman Low German: blank\n→ Old Norse: blankr\nIcelandic: blankur\nFaroese: blankur\nNorwegian: blank\nOld Swedish: blanker\nSwedish: blank\nOld Danish: blank\nDanish: blank\nElfdalian: blaunk\nGutnish: blankar\nScanian: blánker\nOld Dutch: *blanc\nMiddle Dutch: blanc\nDutch: blank\nLimburgish: blank\nOld High German: blanch, blank\nMiddle High German: blank\nGerman: blank\nLuxembourgish: blank\nVilamovian: błān\n→ Medieval Latin: blancus (see there for further descendants)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "blakkr"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: blakkr",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: blakkr"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "blakkur"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: blakkur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: blakkur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "blakkur"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: blakkur",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: blakkur"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "no",
            "2": "blakk"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian: blakk",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian: blakk"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "blakker"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: blakker",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: blakker"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "black"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: black",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: black"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "blak"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: blak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: blak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "blokk"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: blokk",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: blokk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰleyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "A late formation from *blinkaną (“to shine, blink”), with the *-i- interpreted as an e-grade vowel. Thus, its formation must have followed the raising of *e to *i before a nasal + consonant, which made this analysis possible.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-adj-a",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "a-stem",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankôz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blanką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blanką",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-atō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizōz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankas",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-is",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizōi",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammai",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaizō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaimiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "strong"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankaniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankǭ",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnų",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnunz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankô",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnō",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankiniz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankanǫ̂",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōni",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōmaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankini",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōnē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankōmiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankinē",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "weak"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "blankammiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "neuter",
        "plural",
        "weak"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "blank"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-a"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "*blankaz",
        "10": "*blankaimiz",
        "11": "*blankō",
        "12": "*blankǭ",
        "13": "*blankaizōz",
        "14": "*blankaizōi",
        "15": "*blankaizō",
        "16": "*blankôz",
        "17": "*blankōz",
        "18": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "19": "*blankaimaz",
        "2": "*blankanǭ",
        "20": "*blankaimiz",
        "21": "*blanką, -atō",
        "22": "*blanką, -atō",
        "23": "*blankas, -is",
        "24": "*blankammai",
        "25": "*blankanō",
        "26": "*blankō",
        "27": "*blankō",
        "28": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "29": "*blankaimaz",
        "3": "*blankas, -is",
        "30": "*blankaimiz",
        "31": "*blankô",
        "32": "*blankanų",
        "33": "*blankiniz",
        "34": "*blankini",
        "35": "*blankinē",
        "36": "*blankaniz",
        "37": "*blankanunz",
        "38": "*blankanǫ̂",
        "39": "*blankammaz",
        "4": "*blankammai",
        "40": "*blankammiz",
        "41": "*blankǭ",
        "42": "*blankōnų",
        "43": "*blankōniz",
        "44": "*blankōni",
        "45": "*blankōnē",
        "46": "*blankōniz",
        "47": "*blankōnunz",
        "48": "*blankōnǫ̂",
        "49": "*blankōmaz",
        "5": "*blankanō",
        "50": "*blankōmiz",
        "51": "*blankô",
        "52": "*blankô",
        "53": "*blankiniz",
        "54": "*blankini",
        "55": "*blankinē",
        "56": "*blankōnō",
        "57": "*blankōnō",
        "58": "*blankanǫ̂",
        "59": "*blankammaz",
        "6": "*blankai",
        "60": "*blankammiz",
        "7": "*blankanz",
        "8": "*blankaizǫ̂",
        "9": "*blankaimaz",
        "title": "*blankaz (a-stem)"
      },
      "name": "gem-decl-adj-table2"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/blankaz",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "blinkaną"
    },
    {
      "word": "blankijaną"
    },
    {
      "word": "blaikaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blankaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hwītaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blasaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "falwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "haswaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grīsaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hairaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blakaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "swartaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "raudaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "brūnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "erpaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "dusnaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gelwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "gulaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "grōniz"
    },
    {
      "word": "blēwaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "hēwijaz"
    },
    {
      "word": "baswaz"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic a-stem adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic adjectives",
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰleyǵ-",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bright, shining, white, gleaming, blinding"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bright",
          "bright"
        ],
        [
          "shining",
          "shining"
        ],
        [
          "white",
          "white"
        ],
        [
          "gleaming",
          "gleaming"
        ],
        [
          "blinding",
          "blinding"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*blaikaz"
        },
        {
          "word": "*hwītaz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "Brill Publishers"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈblɑŋ.kɑz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "blankaz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.