"không" meaning in Vietnamese

See không in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|adjective|||head=|tr=}} không, {{vi-adj}} không
  1. without anything added
    Sense id: en-không-vi-adj-HLhovF0j Categories (other): Pages with raw sortkeys, Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese interrogative particles, Vietnamese particles Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 0 10 24 18 11 2 14 0 14 8 Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12 Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 45 27 5 1 6 0 13 3 Disambiguation of Vietnamese interrogative particles: 27 21 12 2 14 0 16 8 Disambiguation of Vietnamese particles: 44 29 5 4 6 0 9 4
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Adverb

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|adverb|||head=|tr=}} không, {{vi-adv}} không
  1. not (negates meaning of verb)
    Sense id: en-không-vi-adv-HMEKB9tr Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12
  2. idly, without doing anything
    Sense id: en-không-vi-adv-qNCm6N0T Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Interjection

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|interjection|head=|tr=}} không, {{vi-int}} không
  1. (to an affirmative question) no
    Sense id: en-không-vi-intj-k5Apjz-w
  2. (to a negative question) yes
    Sense id: en-không-vi-intj-inmIkP6T Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Numeral

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|numeral}} không
  1. (cardinal number) zero Tags: cardinal, numeral Categories (topical): Vietnamese cardinal numbers, Zero
    Sense id: en-không-vi-num--RlOc~np Disambiguation of Zero: 10 7 5 0 6 63 5 4 Related terms: chả, chẳng, đừng, đâu, nào, đếch [vulgar], đách [vulgar], đéo [vulgar], cóc, , chớ, chứ, nỏ
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Particle

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|particle}} không
  1. at or near the end of a question, makes it a yes-no question Related terms: , à, hả, ư
    Sense id: en-không-vi-particle-BPzVJ08A Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Verb

IPA: [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Huế], [kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City], [xəwŋ͡m˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry. The development from "empty, vacant" into the numeral "zero" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong). Etymology templates: {{m|vi|空|t=empty, nothing, none}} 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|空|empty, nothing, none}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”), {{cog|nan|-}} Min Nan, {{cog|ko|공}} Korean 공 (gong) Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=}} không, {{vi-verb}} không
  1. not have; to lack
    Sense id: en-không-vi-verb-LmRaSY4X Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: hông [Southern, Vietnam], hôn (hôông), hổng, k [abbreviation], ko, kg, , khĝ, khum [Internet]

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for không meaning in Vietnamese (15.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I am not Vietnamese.",
          "text": "Tôi không phải là người Việt Nam.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not (negates meaning of verb)"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-adv-HMEKB9tr",
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "idly, without doing anything"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-adv-qNCm6N0T",
      "links": [
        [
          "idly",
          "idly"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not have; to lack"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-verb-LmRaSY4X",
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ],
        [
          "have",
          "have"
        ],
        [
          "lack",
          "lack"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 10 24 18 11 2 14 0 14 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages with raw sortkeys",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "45 27 5 1 6 0 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 21 12 2 14 0 16 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
          "parents": [
            "Interrogative particles",
            "Interrogative pro-forms",
            "Particles",
            "Pro-forms",
            "Lemmas",
            "Terms by semantic function"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "44 29 5 4 6 0 9 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "only rice",
          "text": "cơm không",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "without anything added"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-adj-HLhovF0j"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "interjection",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-int"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "intj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "no"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-intj-k5Apjz-w",
      "links": [
        [
          "no",
          "no"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "to an affirmative question",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(to an affirmative question) no"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "yes"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-intj-inmIkP6T",
      "links": [
        [
          "yes",
          "yes"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "to a negative question",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(to a negative question) yes"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 4 14 15 16 3 19 0 18 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Anybody home?",
          "text": "Có ai ở nhà không (ạ) ?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Is that true?",
          "text": "Đúng không ?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "You haven't done anything, have you?",
          "text": "Mày chưa làm phải không ?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "at or near the end of a question, makes it a yes-no question"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-particle-BPzVJ08A",
      "links": [
        [
          "yes-no question",
          "yes-no question#English"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "có"
        },
        {
          "word": "à"
        },
        {
          "word": "hả"
        },
        {
          "word": "ư"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "numeral"
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "num",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Vietnamese cardinal numbers",
          "parents": [
            "Cardinal numbers",
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 7 5 0 6 63 5 4",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Zero",
          "orig": "vi:Zero",
          "parents": [
            "Numbers",
            "All topics",
            "Terms by semantic function",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "two thousand and one (literally, “two thousand zero hundred zero one”)",
          "text": "hai nghìn không trăm lẻ một",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "zero"
      ],
      "id": "en-không-vi-num--RlOc~np",
      "links": [
        [
          "cardinal number",
          "cardinal number"
        ],
        [
          "zero",
          "zero"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cardinal number) zero"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "chả"
        },
        {
          "word": "chẳng"
        },
        {
          "word": "đừng"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâu"
        },
        {
          "word": "nào"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "vulgar"
          ],
          "word": "đếch"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "vulgar"
          ],
          "word": "đách"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "vulgar"
          ],
          "word": "đéo"
        },
        {
          "word": "cóc"
        },
        {
          "word": "ứ"
        },
        {
          "word": "chớ"
        },
        {
          "word": "chứ"
        },
        {
          "word": "nỏ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "cardinal",
        "numeral"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I am not Vietnamese.",
          "text": "Tôi không phải là người Việt Nam.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not (negates meaning of verb)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "idly, without doing anything"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "idly",
          "idly"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "not have; to lack"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "not",
          "not"
        ],
        [
          "have",
          "have"
        ],
        [
          "lack",
          "lack"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adjective",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "only rice",
          "text": "cơm không",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "without anything added"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "interjection",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "vi-int"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "intj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "no"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "no",
          "no"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "to an affirmative question",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(to an affirmative question) no"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "yes"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "yes",
          "yes"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "to a negative question",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(to a negative question) yes"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "có"
    },
    {
      "word": "à"
    },
    {
      "word": "hả"
    },
    {
      "word": "ư"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Anybody home?",
          "text": "Có ai ở nhà không (ạ) ?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Is that true?",
          "text": "Đúng không ?",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "You haven't done anything, have you?",
          "text": "Mày chưa làm phải không ?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "at or near the end of a question, makes it a yes-no question"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "yes-no question",
          "yes-no question#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adjectives",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese interjections",
    "Vietnamese interrogative particles",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese numerals",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Zero"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "空",
        "t": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "空",
        "2": "empty, nothing, none"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”)",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nan",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Min Nan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "공"
      },
      "expansion": "Korean 공 (gong)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 空 (“empty, nothing, none”). This is now the main negator in Vietnamese and, in formal writing, virtually the only negator; however, see the list of other negators at the end of the entry.\nThe development from \"empty, vacant\" into the numeral \"zero\" can also been seen in many Min Nan varieties, as well as Korean 공 (gong).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "numeral"
      },
      "expansion": "không",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "num",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "chả"
    },
    {
      "word": "chẳng"
    },
    {
      "word": "đừng"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâu"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "vulgar"
      ],
      "word": "đếch"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "vulgar"
      ],
      "word": "đách"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "vulgar"
      ],
      "word": "đéo"
    },
    {
      "word": "cóc"
    },
    {
      "word": "ứ"
    },
    {
      "word": "chớ"
    },
    {
      "word": "chứ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nỏ"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese cardinal numbers",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "two thousand and one (literally, “two thousand zero hundred zero one”)",
          "text": "hai nghìn không trăm lẻ một",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "zero"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "cardinal number",
          "cardinal number"
        ],
        [
          "zero",
          "zero"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(cardinal number) zero"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "cardinal",
        "numeral"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[kʰəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[xəwŋ͡m˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Southern",
        "Vietnam"
      ],
      "word": "hông"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hôông",
      "word": "hôn"
    },
    {
      "word": "hổng"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "word": "k"
    },
    {
      "word": "ko"
    },
    {
      "word": "kg"
    },
    {
      "word": "k°"
    },
    {
      "word": "khĝ"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Internet"
      ],
      "word": "khum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "không"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.