"lien" meaning in All languages combined

See lien on Wiktionary

Noun [Cornish]

IPA: [ˈliːɛn] Forms: liennow [plural]
Etymology: From Middle Cornish lyen, from Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn, from Latin legendum. Etymology templates: {{inh|kw|cnx|lyen}} Middle Cornish lyen, {{inh|kw|cel-bry-pro|*lleɣenn}} Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn, {{der|kw|la|legendum}} Latin legendum Head templates: {{head|kw|noun|plural|liennow|||||g=m|head=}} lien m (plural liennow), {{kw-noun|m|liennow}} lien m (plural liennow)
  1. literature Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-lien-kw-noun-rJ-iUD~- Categories (other): Cornish entries with incorrect language header

Noun [English]

IPA: /ˈliːn/, /ˈliːən/ Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-lien.wav Forms: liens [plural]
Rhymes: -iːn, -iːən Etymology: Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (“a bond”), from ligō (“tie, bind”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*leyǵ-}}, {{bor|en|frm|lien}} Middle French lien, {{der|en|la|ligāmen||a bond}} Latin ligāmen (“a bond”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} lien (plural liens)
  1. (obsolete) A tendon. Tags: obsolete Categories (topical): Organs
    Sense id: en-lien-en-noun-4BCCWI0B Disambiguation of Organs: 36 10 43 11 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Afrikaans translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Norwegian translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 41 37 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Afrikaans translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 53 47 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 45 55 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 54 46 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 64 36 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 48 52 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 51 49
  2. (law) A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged. Categories (topical): Law, Organs Translations (right to take and hold debtor’s property): retensiereg (Afrikaans), 留置權 (Chinese Mandarin), 留置权 (liúzhìquán) (Chinese Mandarin), zadržovací právo [neuter] (Czech), retenční právo [neuter] (Czech), retentierecht [neuter] (Dutch), panttioikeus (Finnish), pidätysoikeus (Finnish), kiinnitys (Finnish), droit de rétention [masculine] (French), Zurückbehaltungsrecht [neuter] (German), Retentionsrecht [neuter] (German), visszatartási jog (Hungarian), diritto di retenzione [masculine] (Italian), 担保物権 (tanpo bukken) (alt: たんぽぶっけん) (Japanese), riena (Maori), riana (Maori), rīana (Maori), prawo zatrzymania (Polish), direito de retenção [masculine] (Portuguese), зало́говое пра́во (zalógovoje právo) [neuter] (Russian), зало́г (zalóg) [masculine] (Russian), pravo zadržaja (Serbo-Croatian), záložné právo [neuter] (Slovak), zastavna pravica [feminine] (Slovene), derecho de retención [masculine] (Spanish), hawlrwym [masculine] (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-lien-en-noun-6lNIjMQC Disambiguation of Organs: 36 10 43 11 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, Terms with Afrikaans translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Norwegian translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Welsh translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 41 37 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Afrikaans translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 53 47 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 45 55 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 44 56 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 54 46 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 50 50 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 47 53 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 48 52 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 51 49 Disambiguation of Terms with Welsh translations: 44 56 Topics: law Disambiguation of 'right to take and hold debtor’s property': 4 96
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: accountant's lien, agricultural lien, architect's lien, attorney's lien, banker's lien, blanket lien, lienholder, liensman, mechanic's lien, vendor's lien
Etymology number: 1

Noun [English]

IPA: /ˈlaɪ.in/, /ˈlaɪ.ən/ Forms: lienes [plural]
Rhymes: -aɪin, -aɪən Etymology: Borrowed from Latin liēn (“spleen”). Doublet of spleen. Etymology templates: {{bor|en|la|liēn||spleen}} Latin liēn (“spleen”), {{doublet|en|spleen}} Doublet of spleen Head templates: {{en-noun|lienes}} lien (plural lienes)
  1. (uncommon, possibly obsolete) The spleen. Tags: obsolete, possibly, uncommon Categories (topical): Organs Synonyms: milt Related terms: lienal, lienic, lieno-
    Sense id: en-lien-en-noun-en:spleen Disambiguation of Organs: 36 10 43 11 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 41 37 11
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Verb [English]

IPA: /ˈlaɪən/
Rhymes: -aɪən Head templates: {{head|en|verb form}} lien
  1. (biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain Tags: alt-of, alternative, archaic Alternative form of: lain Categories (topical): Bible, Organs Synonyms: lyen
    Sense id: en-lien-en-verb-BtY9vnDU Disambiguation of Organs: 36 10 43 11 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 11 41 37 11 Topics: biblical, lifestyle, religion
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun [French]

IPA: /ljɛ̃/ Audio: Fr-lien.ogg Forms: liens [plural]
Etymology: Inherited from Middle French lien, from Old French lien, liem, from Latin ligāmen (“bond”), from ligō. Etymology templates: {{root|fr|ine-pro|*leyǵ-}}, {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|fr|frm|lien|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Middle French lien, {{inh+|fr|frm|lien}} Inherited from Middle French lien, {{inh|fr|fro|lien}} Old French lien, {{inh|fr|la|ligāmen||bond}} Latin ligāmen (“bond”) Head templates: {{fr-noun|m}} lien m (plural liens)
  1. link Tags: masculine Derived forms: lien mort Related terms: lier, relier
    Sense id: en-lien-fr-noun-sbG9tIDG Categories (other): French entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Latin]

IPA: /ˈli.eːn/ [Classical-Latin], [ˈlʲieːn] [Classical-Latin], /ˈli.en/ (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical), [ˈliːen] (note: modern Italianate Ecclesiastical)
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European, reflecting a form *(s)li(ǵʰ)-ēn-, from the root *spelǵʰ- (“spleen”), heavily distorted in all of its descendants, likely for tabooistic reasons, making the exact original PIE form hard to pin down. The newly introduced -i- is seemingly also found in the Sanskrit cognate प्लीहन् (plīhán), the fall of *-h- < *-ǵʰ- is also observed in Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), while the loss of *-p- is also visible in Proto-Slavic *selzenь. Other cognates include Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-). Doublet of splēn. Etymology templates: {{inh|la|ine-pro|-}} Proto-Indo-European, {{cog|sa|-}} Sanskrit, {{cog|grc|σπλήν}} Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), {{cog|sla-pro|*selzenь}} Proto-Slavic *selzenь, {{cog|sga|selg}} Old Irish selg, {{cog|lt|blužnis}} Lithuanian blužnis, {{cog|xcl|փայծաղն}} Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn), {{cog|ae|𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥-}} Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-), {{doublet|la|splēn}} Doublet of splēn Head templates: {{la-noun|liēn&lt;3&gt;|g=m}} liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension Inflection templates: {{la-ndecl|liēn&lt;3&gt;}} Forms: liēn [canonical, masculine], liēnis [genitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], liēn [nominative, singular], liēnēs [nominative, plural], liēnis [genitive, singular], liēnum [genitive, plural], liēnī [dative, singular], liēnibus [dative, plural], liēnem [accusative, singular], liēnēs [accusative, plural], liēne [ablative, singular], liēnibus [ablative, plural], liēn [singular, vocative], liēnēs [plural, vocative]
  1. spleen Tags: declension-3 Categories (topical): Body parts Synonyms: liēnis [masculine]

Verb [Latvian]

Head templates: {{head|lv|verb form}} lien
  1. inflection of līst: Tags: form-of, indicative, present, second-person, singular, third-person Form of: līst
    Sense id: en-lien-lv-verb-t5GvBRSL Categories (other): Latvian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Latvian entries with incorrect language header: 32 38 18 7 5
  2. inflection of līst: Tags: form-of, indicative, plural, present, third-person Form of: līst
    Sense id: en-lien-lv-verb-p99Yd6kb Categories (other): Latvian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Latvian entries with incorrect language header: 32 38 18 7 5
  3. inflection of līst: Tags: form-of, imperative, second-person, singular Form of: līst
    Sense id: en-lien-lv-verb-1XHOfTXC Categories (other): Latvian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Latvian entries with incorrect language header: 32 38 18 7 5
  4. (with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of līst Tags: form-of, imperative, singular, third-person, with-lai Form of: līst
    Sense id: en-lien-lv-verb-CK0a8cs4
  5. (with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of līst Tags: form-of, imperative, plural, third-person, with-lai Form of: līst
    Sense id: en-lien-lv-verb-MgjxHnZQ

Verb [Livonian]

Etymology: Derived from Proto-Finnic *laihna, from a Germanic borrowing. Related to Finnish lainata. Etymology templates: {{der|liv|urj-fin-pro|*laihna}} Proto-Finnic *laihna, {{der|liv|gem}} Germanic, {{cog|fi|lainata}} Finnish lainata Head templates: {{head|liv|verb}} lien
  1. (Salaca) give a loan Tags: Salaca
    Sense id: en-lien-liv-verb-ufDcuYjv Categories (other): Livonian entries with incorrect language header

Verb [Middle Dutch]

Forms: liën [canonical]
Etymology: From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic [Term?]. Etymology templates: {{inh|dum|odt|*līan}} Old Dutch *līan, {{inh|dum|gem-pro|}} Proto-Germanic [Term?] Head templates: {{head|dum|verb|head=liën|head2=}} liën, {{dum-verb|head=liën}} liën
  1. (transitive) to admit Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-lien-dum-verb-F3lMcv~T
  2. (transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-lien-dum-verb-Jtd8KIfA
  3. (transitive) to declare Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-lien-dum-verb-P6lwKFEL Categories (other): Middle Dutch entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Middle Dutch entries with incorrect language header: 12 9 49 12 17
  4. (intransitive) to assent Tags: intransitive
    Sense id: en-lien-dum-verb-~Xpv--fk
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Verb [Middle Dutch]

Forms: liën [canonical]
Etymology: From Old Dutch līan, from Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-. Etymology templates: {{inh|dum|odt|līan}} Old Dutch līan, {{inh|dum|gmw-pro|*līhwan}} Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, {{inh|dum|gem-pro|*līhwaną}} Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, {{der|dum|ine-pro|*leykʷ-}} Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ- Head templates: {{head|dum|verb|head=liën|head2=}} liën, {{dum-verb|head=liën}} liën
  1. (eastern) to lend Tags: Eastern
    Sense id: en-lien-dum-verb-uMHjbvm2
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun [Middle English]

Forms: liens [plural]
Etymology: From Middle French lien (“tie, strap”), from Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”). Etymology templates: {{bor|enm|frm|lien||tie, strap}} Middle French lien (“tie, strap”), {{der|enm|la|ligāmen||bandage, band, tie}} Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”) Head templates: {{head|enm|nouns|g=|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} lien, {{enm-noun}} lien (plural liens)
  1. bond, fetter Synonyms: lieine, leine
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-noun-NUQWruCh
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Noun [Middle English]

Forms: liens [plural]
Head templates: {{head|enm|nouns|g=|g2=|g3=|head=|sort=}} lien, {{enm-noun}} lien (plural liens)
  1. Alternative form of len Tags: alt-of, alternative Alternative form of: len
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-noun-riQzDXvo
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Verb [Middle English]

Forms: lith [present, singular, third-person], liende [participle, present], leie [first-person, indicative, past, singular, third-person], leien [participle, past]
Etymology: From Old English liċġan, from Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną. Etymology templates: {{inh|enm|ang|liċġan}} Old English liċġan, {{inh|enm|gmw-pro|*liggjan}} Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, {{inh|enm|gem-pro|*ligjaną}} Proto-Germanic *ligjaną Head templates: {{head|enm|verb|head=}} lien, {{enm-verb|lith|liende|leie|leien}} lien (third-person singular simple present lith, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative leie, past participle leien)
  1. to lie (be in a horizontal position)
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-verb-wK8EVPlL Synonyms: ligh, liȝ, lig, liken, likken, liȝȝe, ligge, liggen, luggen, licgen, liȝge [Early-Middle-English]
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: lie, li, lin, liȝe, liȝen, lige, ligen
Etymology number: 1

Verb [Middle English]

Forms: lieth [present, singular, third-person], liende [participle, present], legh [first-person, indicative, past, singular, third-person], louen [participle, past]
Etymology: From Old English lēogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą. Etymology templates: {{inh|enm|ang|lēogan}} Old English lēogan, {{inh|enm|gmw-pro|*leugan}} Proto-West Germanic *leugan, {{inh|enm|gem-pro|*leuganą}} Proto-Germanic *leuganą Head templates: {{head|enm|verb|head=}} lien, {{enm-verb|lieth|liende|legh|louen}} lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative legh, past participle louen)
  1. to lie (tell a falsehood)
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-verb-KlGtHhUC Synonyms: lighe, lighen, liegh, lieȝe, lieȝen, le, lei, leie, leghen, legen, leȝe, leȝen, leiȝe, leiȝen, lih, lihe, lihen, leoȝen, leioȝen, luȝen [Early-Middle-English]
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: lie, li, lin, liȝe, liȝen, lige, ligen
Etymology number: 2

Verb [Middle English]

Forms: lieth [present, singular, third-person], liende [participle, present], liid [first-person, indicative, participle, past, singular, third-person]
Etymology: From Old French lier, liier (“to tie up, connect”), from Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”). Etymology templates: {{bor|enm|fro|lier}} Old French lier, {{der|enm|la|ligo|ligāre|to tie, bind}} Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”) Head templates: {{head|enm|verb|head=}} lien, {{enm-verb|lieth|liende|liid}} lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle liid)
  1. to thicken (a soup, etc.) by mixing
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-verb-NqLdl43o
  2. to bind (ground meat, etc. with eggs, sauce, etc.) Categories (topical): Cooking
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-verb-VvUBPVFj Disambiguation of Cooking: 33 41 26 Categories (other): Middle English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Middle English entries with incorrect language header: 4 6 11 6 5 67 1
  3. to coat (something with sauce, etc.)
    Sense id: en-lien-enm-verb-FowkEEej
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: lie, li
Etymology number: 3

Noun [Middle French]

Forms: liens [plural]
Etymology: From Old French lien. Etymology templates: {{inh|frm|fro|lien}} Old French lien Head templates: {{head|frm|noun|||plural|liens||{{{pl2}}}||{{{f}}}||{{{f}}}s|f1accel-form=p|g=m|g2=|head=|sort=}} lien m (plural liens), {{frm-noun|m}} lien m (plural liens)
  1. tie; strap Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-lien-frm-noun-8RD4gjec Categories (other): Middle French entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Middle French entries with incorrect language header: 83 17
  2. (by extension) link (association) Tags: broadly, masculine
    Sense id: en-lien-frm-noun-gV~E7mGk

Noun [Old French]

Forms: lien oblique singular or [canonical, masculine], liens [oblique, plural], liens [nominative, singular], lien [nominative, plural]
Etymology: From Latin ligāmen. Etymology templates: {{inh|fro|la|ligāmen}} Latin ligāmen Head templates: {{fro-noun|m}} lien oblique singular, m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)
  1. tie; strap Synonyms: lïen (english: diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French)
    Sense id: en-lien-fro-noun-8RD4gjec Categories (other): Old French entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Romanian]

Etymology: Borrowed from Latin liēn. Doublet of spleen and splină. Etymology templates: {{bor+|ro|la|liēn}} Borrowed from Latin liēn, {{doublet|ro|spleen|splină}} Doublet of spleen and splină Head templates: {{ro-noun|n|lienuri}} lien n (plural lienuri) Inflection templates: {{ro-decl-noun|g=n|gpd=lienurilor|gpi=lienuri|gsd=lienului|gsi=lien|n=|npd=lienurile|npi=lienuri|nsd=lienul|nsi=lien|vp=lienurilor|vs=lienule|vs2=}} Forms: lienuri [plural], no-table-tags [table-tags], lien [accusative, indefinite, nominative, singular], un lien [accusative, indefinite, nominative, singular], lienul [accusative, definite, nominative, singular], lienuri [accusative, indefinite, nominative, plural], niște lienuri [accusative, indefinite, nominative, plural], lienurile [accusative, definite, nominative, plural], lien [dative, genitive, indefinite, singular], unui lien [dative, genitive, indefinite, singular], lienului [dative, definite, genitive, singular], lienuri [dative, genitive, indefinite, plural], unor lienuri [dative, genitive, indefinite, plural], lienurilor [dative, definite, genitive, plural], lienule [singular, vocative], lienurilor [plural, vocative]
  1. spleen Tags: neuter Synonyms: splină
    Sense id: en-lien-ro-noun-nUhmcM~7 Categories (other): Romanian entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Swedish]

Head templates: {{head|sv|noun form}} lien
  1. definite singular of lie Tags: definite, form-of, singular Form of: lie
    Sense id: en-lien-sv-noun-XTRgEmne Categories (other): Swedish entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Download JSONL data for lien meaning in All languages combined (44.8kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accountant's lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "agricultural lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "architect's lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "attorney's lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "banker's lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "blanket lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "lienholder"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liensman"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "mechanic's lien"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vendor's lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a bond"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“a bond”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (“a bond”), from ligō (“tie, bind”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
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          "source": "w+disamb"
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          "_dis": "47 53",
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          "name": "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
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          "_dis": "53 47",
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          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "64 36",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "48 52",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "36 10 43 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Organs",
          "orig": "en:Organs",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A tendon."
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-en-noun-4BCCWI0B",
      "links": [
        [
          "tendon",
          "tendon"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) A tendon."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Law",
          "orig": "en:Law",
          "parents": [
            "Justice",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 41 37 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "53 47",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "45 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "44 56",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "54 46",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "50 50",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "47 53",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "48 52",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "51 49",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "44 56",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Welsh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "36 10 43 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Organs",
          "orig": "en:Organs",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1989, Greil Marcus, Lipstick Traces, Faber & Faber, published 2009",
          "text": "[…] every youth movement presents itself as loan to the future, and tries to call in its lien in advance, but when there is no future all loans are canceled.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin, published 2003, page 7",
          "text": "Bodin deemed the king of France's power as absolute in the sense that the ruler was ‘absolved’ by divine sanction from legally binding liens and restrictions.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged."
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-en-noun-6lNIjMQC",
      "links": [
        [
          "law",
          "law#English"
        ],
        [
          "debtor",
          "debtor"
        ],
        [
          "security",
          "security"
        ],
        [
          "debt",
          "debt"
        ],
        [
          "duty",
          "duty"
        ],
        [
          "discharge",
          "discharge"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(law) A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "retensiereg"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "留置權"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "liúzhìquán",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "留置权"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "zadržovací právo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "retenční právo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "retentierecht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "panttioikeus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "pidätysoikeus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "kiinnitys"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "droit de rétention"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Zurückbehaltungsrecht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Retentionsrecht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "visszatartási jog"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "diritto di retenzione"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "alt": "たんぽぶっけん",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "tanpo bukken",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "担保物権"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "riena"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "riana"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "rīana"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "prawo zatrzymania"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "direito de retenção"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "zalógovoje právo",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "зало́говое пра́во"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "zalóg",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "зало́г"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "word": "pravo zadržaja"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "záložné právo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "zastavna pravica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "derecho de retención"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 96",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "hawlrwym"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈliːn/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈliːən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːn"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːən"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "lean (IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /liːn/)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-lien.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/86/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/86/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
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  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "lain"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Bible",
          "orig": "en:Bible",
          "parents": [
            "Books",
            "Christianity",
            "Judaism",
            "Literature",
            "Mass media",
            "Abrahamism",
            "Culture",
            "Entertainment",
            "Writing",
            "Media",
            "Religion",
            "Society",
            "Human behaviour",
            "Language",
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Human",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 41 37 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "36 10 43 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Organs",
          "orig": "en:Organs",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of lain"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-en-verb-BtY9vnDU",
      "links": [
        [
          "biblical",
          "Bible"
        ],
        [
          "lain",
          "lain#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "lyen"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "archaic"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biblical",
        "lifestyle",
        "religion"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪən"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "liēn",
        "4": "",
        "5": "spleen"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin liēn (“spleen”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "spleen"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of spleen",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin liēn (“spleen”). Doublet of spleen.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lienes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lienes"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (plural lienes)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 41 37 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "36 10 43 11",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Organs",
          "orig": "en:Organs",
          "parents": [
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1892, John Marie Keating, Henry Hamilton, John Chalmers Da Costa, A New Pronouncing Dictionary of Medicine",
          "text": "Li'enal. Pertaining to the lien or spleen; splenic.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1914, Quain's Elements of Anatomy, volume 1, page 312",
          "text": "The lien or spleen (figs. 282 to 285) is a soft, highly vascular contractile and very elastic organ of a dark purplish colour. It is placed obliquely behind the stomach, …"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The spleen."
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-en-noun-en:spleen",
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncommon, possibly obsolete) The spleen."
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "lienal"
        },
        {
          "word": "lienic"
        },
        {
          "word": "lieno-"
        }
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:spleen"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "milt"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "possibly",
        "uncommon"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪ.in/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪ.ən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪin"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪən"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "cnx",
        "3": "lyen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Cornish lyen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "cel-bry-pro",
        "3": "*lleɣenn"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "legendum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin legendum",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Cornish lyen, from Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn, from Latin legendum.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liennow",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "liennow",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "g": "m",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liennow)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "liennow"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liennow)",
      "name": "kw-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Cornish",
  "lang_code": "kw",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Cornish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "literature"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-kw-noun-rJ-iUD~-",
      "links": [
        [
          "literature",
          "literature"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈliːɛn]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Middle French lien",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bond"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“bond”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Middle French lien, from Old French lien, liem, from Latin ligāmen (“bond”), from ligō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "fr-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "French entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "lien mort"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "link"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-fr-noun-sbG9tIDG",
      "links": [
        [
          "link",
          "link"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "lier"
        },
        {
          "word": "relier"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ljɛ̃/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Fr-lien.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/38/Fr-lien.ogg/Fr-lien.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Fr-lien.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien",
            "3": "lieno-",
            "4": ";",
            "5": "lienal",
            "6": "lienic",
            "bor": "1",
            "der3": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ English: lien, lieno-; ⇒ lienal, lienic",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ English: lien, lieno-; ⇒ lienal, lienic"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "eo",
            "2": "lieno",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Esperanto: lieno",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Esperanto: lieno"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ro",
            "2": "lien",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Romanian: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Romanian: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "σπλήν"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*selzenь"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *selzenь",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "selg"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish selg",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "blužnis"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian blužnis",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xcl",
        "2": "փայծաղն"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ae",
        "2": "𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥-"
      },
      "expansion": "Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "splēn"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of splēn",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European, reflecting a form *(s)li(ǵʰ)-ēn-, from the root *spelǵʰ- (“spleen”), heavily distorted in all of its descendants, likely for tabooistic reasons, making the exact original PIE form hard to pin down. The newly introduced -i- is seemingly also found in the Sanskrit cognate प्लीहन् (plīhán), the fall of *-h- < *-ǵʰ- is also observed in Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), while the loss of *-p- is also visible in Proto-Slavic *selzenь.\nOther cognates include Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-). Doublet of splēn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnis",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "la-ndecl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnis",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnī",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnibus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēne",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnibus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liēn<3>",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension",
      "name": "la-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liēn<3>"
      },
      "name": "la-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latin masculine nouns in the third declension",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sanskrit terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "la",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "la:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-la-noun-nUhmcM~7",
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "liēnis"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "declension-3"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.eːn/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical-Latin"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈlʲieːn]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical-Latin"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.en/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈliːen]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "32 38 18 7 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "second/third-person singular present indicative"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-lv-verb-t5GvBRSL",
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "32 38 18 7 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "third-person plural present indicative"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-lv-verb-p99Yd6kb",
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "32 38 18 7 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "second-person singular imperative"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-lv-verb-1XHOfTXC",
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular imperative of līst"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-lv-verb-CK0a8cs4",
      "links": [
        [
          "lai",
          "lai#Latvian"
        ],
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of līst"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "with-lai"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person plural imperative of līst"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-lv-verb-MgjxHnZQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "lai",
          "lai#Latvian"
        ],
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of līst"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "with-lai"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*laihna"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *laihna",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "lainata"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish lainata",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Derived from Proto-Finnic *laihna, from a Germanic borrowing. Related to Finnish lainata.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "give a loan"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-liv-verb-ufDcuYjv",
      "links": [
        [
          "loan",
          "loan"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Salaca) give a loan"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Salaca"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "*līan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch *līan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic [Term?]",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic [Term?].",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liën",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "liën",
        "head2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "liën"
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "dum-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to admit"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-dum-verb-F3lMcv~T",
      "links": [
        [
          "admit",
          "admit"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to admit"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to acknowledge, to be convinced"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-dum-verb-Jtd8KIfA",
      "links": [
        [
          "acknowledge",
          "acknowledge"
        ],
        [
          "convince",
          "convince"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 9 49 12 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to declare"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-dum-verb-P6lwKFEL",
      "links": [
        [
          "declare",
          "declare"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to declare"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to assent"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-dum-verb-~Xpv--fk",
      "links": [
        [
          "assent",
          "assent"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to assent"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "līan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch līan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*līhwan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *līhwan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*līhwaną"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *līhwaną",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leykʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch līan, from Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liën",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "liën",
        "head2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "liën"
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "dum-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to lend"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-dum-verb-uMHjbvm2",
      "links": [
        [
          "lend",
          "lend"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(eastern) to lend"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Eastern"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lie",
            "3": "lig"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lie, lig",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lie, lig"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "lie"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: lie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: lie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "lee",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: lee, lidge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: lee, lidge"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "liċġan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English liċġan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*liggjan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *liggjan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ligjaną"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ligjaną",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English liċġan, from Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lith",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leie",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leien",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lith",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "leie",
        "4": "leien"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lith, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative leie, past participle leien)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "It happened that, in that season, on a day / In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay",
          "ref": "c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, lines 19–20",
          "text": "Bifil that in that seson, on a day, / In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to lie (be in a horizontal position)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-verb-wK8EVPlL",
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "ligh"
        },
        {
          "word": "liȝ"
        },
        {
          "word": "lig"
        },
        {
          "word": "liken"
        },
        {
          "word": "likken"
        },
        {
          "word": "liȝȝe"
        },
        {
          "word": "ligge"
        },
        {
          "word": "liggen"
        },
        {
          "word": "luggen"
        },
        {
          "word": "licgen"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Early-Middle-English"
          ],
          "word": "liȝge"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lie"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "lin"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liȝe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liȝen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "lige"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ligen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lie"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "lee"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: lee",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: lee"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "liest",
            "qq": "sg.2"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: liest (sg.2)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: liest (sg.2)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "lēogan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English lēogan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*leugan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *leugan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*leuganą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *leuganą",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English lēogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lieth",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "legh",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "louen",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lieth",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "legh",
        "4": "louen"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative legh, past participle louen)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to lie (tell a falsehood)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-verb-KlGtHhUC",
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "lighe"
        },
        {
          "word": "lighen"
        },
        {
          "word": "liegh"
        },
        {
          "word": "lieȝe"
        },
        {
          "word": "lieȝen"
        },
        {
          "word": "le"
        },
        {
          "word": "lei"
        },
        {
          "word": "leie"
        },
        {
          "word": "leghen"
        },
        {
          "word": "legen"
        },
        {
          "word": "leȝe"
        },
        {
          "word": "leȝen"
        },
        {
          "word": "leiȝe"
        },
        {
          "word": "leiȝen"
        },
        {
          "word": "lih"
        },
        {
          "word": "lihe"
        },
        {
          "word": "lihen"
        },
        {
          "word": "leoȝen"
        },
        {
          "word": "leioȝen"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Early-Middle-English"
          ],
          "word": "luȝen"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lie"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "lin"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liȝe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "liȝen"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "lige"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ligen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lye"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lye",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lye"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lier"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lier",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligo",
        "4": "ligāre",
        "5": "to tie, bind"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French lier, liier (“to tie up, connect”), from Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lieth",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liid",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lieth",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "liid"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle liid)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to thicken (a soup, etc.) by mixing"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-verb-NqLdl43o",
      "links": [
        [
          "thicken",
          "thicken"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 6 11 6 5 67 1",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "33 41 26",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "enm",
          "name": "Cooking",
          "orig": "enm:Cooking",
          "parents": [
            "Food and drink",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to bind (ground meat, etc. with eggs, sauce, etc.)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-verb-VvUBPVFj",
      "links": [
        [
          "bind",
          "bind"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to coat (something with sauce, etc.)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-verb-FowkEEej",
      "links": [
        [
          "coat",
          "coat"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "lie"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "li"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien",
        "4": "",
        "5": "tie, strap"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien (“tie, strap”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bandage, band, tie"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French lien (“tie, strap”), from Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bond, fetter"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-noun-NUQWruCh",
      "links": [
        [
          "bond",
          "bond"
        ],
        [
          "fetter",
          "fetter"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "lieine"
        },
        {
          "word": "leine"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "len"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of len"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-enm-noun-riQzDXvo",
      "links": [
        [
          "len",
          "len#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fr",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "French: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "French: lien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "lien",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: lien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French lien.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "10": "{{{f}}}",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{f}}}s",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "plural",
        "6": "liens",
        "7": "",
        "8": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "9": "",
        "f1accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "frm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle French",
  "lang_code": "frm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "83 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle French entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "tie; strap"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-frm-noun-8RD4gjec",
      "links": [
        [
          "tie",
          "tie"
        ],
        [
          "strap",
          "strap"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "link (association)"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-frm-noun-gV~E7mGk",
      "links": [
        [
          "link",
          "link"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(by extension) link (association)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frm",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle French: lien\nFrench: lien\n→ Middle English: lien\nEnglish: lien",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle French: lien\nFrench: lien\n→ Middle English: lien\nEnglish: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ligāmen.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lien oblique singular or",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "oblique",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien oblique singular, m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)",
      "name": "fro-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old French entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Brangain, go get the dog,\nbring it with its leash",
          "ref": "late 12th century, anonymous author, “La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford”, in Le Roman de Tristan, Champion Classiques edition, page 408, lines 901–2",
          "roman": "amenez k'od tut le lïen",
          "text": "Brenguain, ore alez pur le chen,",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "tie; strap"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-fro-noun-8RD4gjec",
      "links": [
        [
          "tie",
          "tie"
        ],
        [
          "strap",
          "strap"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French",
          "word": "lïen"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "liēn"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Latin liēn",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "spleen",
        "3": "splină"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of spleen and splină",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin liēn. Doublet of spleen and splină.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ro-noun-n-uri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "un lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienul",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niște lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurile",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unui lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienului",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unor lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurilor",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienule",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurilor",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n",
        "2": "lienuri"
      },
      "expansion": "lien n (plural lienuri)",
      "name": "ro-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n",
        "gpd": "lienurilor",
        "gpi": "lienuri",
        "gsd": "lienului",
        "gsi": "lien",
        "n": "",
        "npd": "lienurile",
        "npi": "lienuri",
        "nsd": "lienul",
        "nsi": "lien",
        "vp": "lienurilor",
        "vs": "lienule",
        "vs2": ""
      },
      "name": "ro-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Romanian",
  "lang_code": "ro",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Romanian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-ro-noun-nUhmcM~7",
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "splină"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "noun form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "lie"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "definite singular of lie"
      ],
      "id": "en-lien-sv-noun-XTRgEmne",
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie#Swedish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "form-of",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "cnx",
        "3": "lyen"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Cornish lyen",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "cel-bry-pro",
        "3": "*lleɣenn"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "legendum"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin legendum",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Cornish lyen, from Proto-Brythonic *lleɣenn, from Latin legendum.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liennow",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kw",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "liennow",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "",
        "8": "",
        "g": "m",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liennow)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m",
        "2": "liennow"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liennow)",
      "name": "kw-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Cornish",
  "lang_code": "kw",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Cornish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Cornish lemmas",
        "Cornish masculine nouns",
        "Cornish nouns",
        "Cornish terms derived from Latin",
        "Cornish terms derived from Middle Cornish",
        "Cornish terms derived from Proto-Brythonic",
        "Cornish terms inherited from Middle Cornish",
        "Cornish terms inherited from Proto-Brythonic",
        "Cornish terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "literature"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "literature",
          "literature"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈliːɛn]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms borrowed from Middle French",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leyǵ-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Requests for review of Swedish translations",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin/2 syllables",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən/2 syllables",
    "Rhymes:English/iːn",
    "Rhymes:English/iːn/1 syllable",
    "Rhymes:English/iːən",
    "Rhymes:English/iːən/2 syllables",
    "Terms with Afrikaans translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Welsh translations",
    "en:Organs"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "accountant's lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "agricultural lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "architect's lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "attorney's lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "banker's lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "blanket lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "lienholder"
    },
    {
      "word": "liensman"
    },
    {
      "word": "mechanic's lien"
    },
    {
      "word": "vendor's lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a bond"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“a bond”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Middle French lien, from Latin ligāmen (“a bond”), from ligō (“tie, bind”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A tendon."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "tendon",
          "tendon"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) A tendon."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned",
        "en:Law"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1989, Greil Marcus, Lipstick Traces, Faber & Faber, published 2009",
          "text": "[…] every youth movement presents itself as loan to the future, and tries to call in its lien in advance, but when there is no future all loans are canceled.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin, published 2003, page 7",
          "text": "Bodin deemed the king of France's power as absolute in the sense that the ruler was ‘absolved’ by divine sanction from legally binding liens and restrictions.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "law",
          "law#English"
        ],
        [
          "debtor",
          "debtor"
        ],
        [
          "security",
          "security"
        ],
        [
          "debt",
          "debt"
        ],
        [
          "duty",
          "duty"
        ],
        [
          "discharge",
          "discharge"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(law) A right to take possession of a debtor’s property as security until a debt or duty is discharged."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "law"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈliːn/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈliːən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːn"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːən"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "lean (IPA⁽ᵏᵉʸ⁾: /liːn/)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-lien.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/86/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/8/86/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-lien.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "retensiereg"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "留置權"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "liúzhìquán",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "留置权"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "zadržovací právo"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "retenční právo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "retentierecht"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "panttioikeus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "pidätysoikeus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "kiinnitys"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "droit de rétention"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Zurückbehaltungsrecht"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Retentionsrecht"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "visszatartási jog"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "diritto di retenzione"
    },
    {
      "alt": "たんぽぶっけん",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "tanpo bukken",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "担保物権"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "riena"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "riana"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "rīana"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "prawo zatrzymania"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "direito de retenção"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "zalógovoje právo",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "зало́говое пра́во"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "zalóg",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "зало́г"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "word": "pravo zadržaja"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "záložné právo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "zastavna pravica"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "derecho de retención"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "right to take and hold debtor’s property",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "hawlrwym"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English non-lemma forms",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English verb forms",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin/2 syllables",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən/2 syllables",
    "en:Organs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "lain"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "English terms with archaic senses",
        "en:Bible"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of lain"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "biblical",
          "Bible"
        ],
        [
          "lain",
          "lain#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(biblical, archaic) Alternative form of lain"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "archaic"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biblical",
        "lifestyle",
        "religion"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪən"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "lyen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English doublets",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪin/2 syllables",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən",
    "Rhymes:English/aɪən/2 syllables",
    "en:Organs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "liēn",
        "4": "",
        "5": "spleen"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin liēn (“spleen”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "spleen"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of spleen",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin liēn (“spleen”). Doublet of spleen.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lienes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lienes"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (plural lienes)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "lienal"
    },
    {
      "word": "lienic"
    },
    {
      "word": "lieno-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with uncommon senses",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1892, John Marie Keating, Henry Hamilton, John Chalmers Da Costa, A New Pronouncing Dictionary of Medicine",
          "text": "Li'enal. Pertaining to the lien or spleen; splenic.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1914, Quain's Elements of Anatomy, volume 1, page 312",
          "text": "The lien or spleen (figs. 282 to 285) is a soft, highly vascular contractile and very elastic organ of a dark purplish colour. It is placed obliquely behind the stomach, …"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The spleen."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncommon, possibly obsolete) The spleen."
      ],
      "senseid": [
        "en:spleen"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "milt"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "possibly",
        "uncommon"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪ.in/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈlaɪ.ən/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪin"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-aɪən"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "lien mort"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leyǵ-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Middle French lien",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bond"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“bond”)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Middle French lien, from Old French lien, liem, from Latin ligāmen (“bond”), from ligō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "fr-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "lier"
    },
    {
      "word": "relier"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "French 1-syllable words",
        "French countable nouns",
        "French entries with incorrect language header",
        "French lemmas",
        "French masculine nouns",
        "French nouns",
        "French terms derived from Latin",
        "French terms derived from Middle French",
        "French terms derived from Old French",
        "French terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "French terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leyǵ-",
        "French terms inherited from Latin",
        "French terms inherited from Middle French",
        "French terms inherited from Old French",
        "French terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "French terms with audio links"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "link"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "link",
          "link"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ljɛ̃/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Fr-lien.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/38/Fr-lien.ogg/Fr-lien.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/38/Fr-lien.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien",
            "3": "lieno-",
            "4": ";",
            "5": "lienal",
            "6": "lienic",
            "bor": "1",
            "der3": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ English: lien, lieno-; ⇒ lienal, lienic",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ English: lien, lieno-; ⇒ lienal, lienic"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "eo",
            "2": "lieno",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Esperanto: lieno",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Esperanto: lieno"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ro",
            "2": "lien",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Romanian: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Romanian: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "σπλήν"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sla-pro",
        "2": "*selzenь"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *selzenь",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "selg"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish selg",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lt",
        "2": "blužnis"
      },
      "expansion": "Lithuanian blužnis",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xcl",
        "2": "փայծաղն"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ae",
        "2": "𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥-"
      },
      "expansion": "Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "splēn"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of splēn",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European, reflecting a form *(s)li(ǵʰ)-ēn-, from the root *spelǵʰ- (“spleen”), heavily distorted in all of its descendants, likely for tabooistic reasons, making the exact original PIE form hard to pin down. The newly introduced -i- is seemingly also found in the Sanskrit cognate प्लीहन् (plīhán), the fall of *-h- < *-ǵʰ- is also observed in Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn), while the loss of *-p- is also visible in Proto-Slavic *selzenь.\nOther cognates include Old Irish selg, Lithuanian blužnis, Old Armenian փայծաղն (pʻaycałn), Avestan 𐬯𐬞𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬥- (spər^əzan-). Doublet of splēn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnis",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "la-ndecl",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnis",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnum",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnī",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnibus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēne",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnibus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēn",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liēnēs",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liēn<3>",
        "g": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "liēn m (genitive liēnis); third declension",
      "name": "la-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liēn<3>"
      },
      "name": "la-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Latin 2-syllable words",
        "Latin doublets",
        "Latin entries with incorrect language header",
        "Latin lemmas",
        "Latin masculine nouns",
        "Latin masculine nouns in the third declension",
        "Latin nouns",
        "Latin terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Latin terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Latin terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Latin third declension nouns",
        "Sanskrit terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
        "la:Body parts"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "declension-3"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.eːn/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical-Latin"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈlʲieːn]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical-Latin"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈli.en/",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈliːen]",
      "note": "modern Italianate Ecclesiastical"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "liēnis"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Latvian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Latvian non-lemma forms",
    "Latvian verb forms"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lv",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latvian",
  "lang_code": "lv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "second/third-person singular present indicative"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "third-person plural present indicative"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n## second/third-person singular present indicative\n## third-person plural present indicative\n## second-person singular imperative",
        "second-person singular imperative"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "inflection of līst:\n"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person singular imperative of līst"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lai",
          "lai#Latvian"
        ],
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with the particle lai) third-person singular imperative of līst"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "singular",
        "third-person",
        "with-lai"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "līst"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "third-person plural imperative of līst"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lai",
          "lai#Latvian"
        ],
        [
          "līst",
          "līst#Latvian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(with the particle lai) third-person plural imperative of līst"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "third-person",
        "with-lai"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*laihna"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *laihna",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "gem"
      },
      "expansion": "Germanic",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "lainata"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish lainata",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Derived from Proto-Finnic *laihna, from a Germanic borrowing. Related to Finnish lainata.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Livonian",
  "lang_code": "liv",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Livonian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Livonian lemmas",
        "Livonian terms derived from Germanic languages",
        "Livonian terms derived from Proto-Finnic",
        "Livonian verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "give a loan"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "loan",
          "loan"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Salaca) give a loan"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Salaca"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle Dutch lemmas",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Old Dutch",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Old Dutch",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "*līan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch *līan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic [Term?]",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch *līan, from Proto-Germanic [Term?].",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liën",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "liën",
        "head2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "liën"
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "dum-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Dutch transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to admit"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "admit",
          "admit"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to admit"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Dutch transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to acknowledge, to be convinced"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "acknowledge",
          "acknowledge"
        ],
        [
          "convince",
          "convince"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to acknowledge, to be convinced"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Dutch transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to declare"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "declare",
          "declare"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to declare"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle Dutch intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to assent"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "assent",
          "assent"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to assent"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle Dutch lemmas",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Old Dutch",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Middle Dutch terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Old Dutch",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle Dutch verbs"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "odt",
        "3": "līan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Dutch līan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*līhwan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *līhwan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*līhwaną"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *līhwaną",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*leykʷ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Dutch līan, from Proto-West Germanic *līhwan, from Proto-Germanic *līhwaną, from Proto-Indo-European *leykʷ-.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liën",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dum",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "liën",
        "head2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "head": "liën"
      },
      "expansion": "liën",
      "name": "dum-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle Dutch",
  "lang_code": "dum",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to lend"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lend",
          "lend"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(eastern) to lend"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Eastern"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Middle English terms derived from Old English",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Old English",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle English verbs"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lie",
            "3": "lig"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lie, lig",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lie, lig"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "lie"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: lie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: lie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "lee",
            "alts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: lee, lidge",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: lee, lidge"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "liċġan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English liċġan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*liggjan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *liggjan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*ligjaną"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *ligjaną",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English liċġan, from Proto-West Germanic *liggjan, from Proto-Germanic *ligjaną.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lith",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leie",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "leien",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lith",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "leie",
        "4": "leien"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lith, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative leie, past participle leien)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Middle English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "It happened that, in that season, on a day / In Southwark, at the Tabard, as I lay",
          "ref": "c. 1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales, General Prologue, lines 19–20",
          "text": "Bifil that in that seson, on a day, / In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to lie (be in a horizontal position)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "lie"
    },
    {
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "word": "lin"
    },
    {
      "word": "ligh"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝ"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "lig"
    },
    {
      "word": "lige"
    },
    {
      "word": "ligen"
    },
    {
      "word": "liken"
    },
    {
      "word": "likken"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "ligge"
    },
    {
      "word": "liggen"
    },
    {
      "word": "luggen"
    },
    {
      "word": "licgen"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Early-Middle-English"
      ],
      "word": "liȝge"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Middle English terms derived from Old English",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms derived from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Old English",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-Germanic",
    "Middle English terms inherited from Proto-West Germanic",
    "Middle English verbs"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lie"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lie",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lie"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "lee"
          },
          "expansion": "Scots: lee",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Scots: lee"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "yol",
            "2": "liest",
            "qq": "sg.2"
          },
          "expansion": "Yola: liest (sg.2)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yola: liest (sg.2)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "ang",
        "3": "lēogan"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English lēogan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gmw-pro",
        "3": "*leugan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic *leugan",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*leuganą"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *leuganą",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old English lēogan, from Proto-West Germanic *leugan, from Proto-Germanic *leuganą.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lieth",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "legh",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "louen",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lieth",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "legh",
        "4": "louen"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative legh, past participle louen)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to lie (tell a falsehood)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "word": "lie"
    },
    {
      "word": "lin"
    },
    {
      "word": "lighe"
    },
    {
      "word": "lighen"
    },
    {
      "word": "lige"
    },
    {
      "word": "ligen"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "liȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "liegh"
    },
    {
      "word": "lieȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "lieȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "le"
    },
    {
      "word": "lei"
    },
    {
      "word": "leie"
    },
    {
      "word": "leghen"
    },
    {
      "word": "legen"
    },
    {
      "word": "leȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "leȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "leiȝe"
    },
    {
      "word": "leiȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "lih"
    },
    {
      "word": "lihe"
    },
    {
      "word": "lihen"
    },
    {
      "word": "leoȝen"
    },
    {
      "word": "leioȝen"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Early-Middle-English"
      ],
      "word": "luȝen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Middle English terms borrowed from Old French",
    "Middle English terms derived from Latin",
    "Middle English terms derived from Old French",
    "Middle English verbs",
    "enm:Cooking"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lye"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lye",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lye"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lier"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lier",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligo",
        "4": "ligāre",
        "5": "to tie, bind"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French lier, liier (“to tie up, connect”), from Latin ligāre (“to tie, bind”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lieth",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liende",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liid",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lieth",
        "2": "liende",
        "3": "liid"
      },
      "expansion": "lien (third-person singular simple present lieth, present participle liende, first-/third-person singular past indicative and past participle liid)",
      "name": "enm-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to thicken (a soup, etc.) by mixing"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "thicken",
          "thicken"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to bind (ground meat, etc. with eggs, sauce, etc.)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bind",
          "bind"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to coat (something with sauce, etc.)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "coat",
          "coat"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "li"
    },
    {
      "word": "lie"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns",
    "Middle English terms borrowed from Middle French",
    "Middle English terms derived from Latin",
    "Middle English terms derived from Middle French"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "lien",
        "4": "",
        "5": "tie, strap"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French lien (“tie, strap”)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen",
        "4": "",
        "5": "bandage, band, tie"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French lien (“tie, strap”), from Latin ligāmen (“bandage, band, tie”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bond, fetter"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bond",
          "bond"
        ],
        [
          "fetter",
          "fetter"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "lieine"
    },
    {
      "word": "leine"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle English entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle English lemmas",
    "Middle English nouns"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "enm",
        "2": "nouns",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "lien (plural liens)",
      "name": "enm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle English",
  "lang_code": "enm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "len"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of len"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "len",
          "len#Middle English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Middle French countable nouns",
    "Middle French entries with incorrect language header",
    "Middle French lemmas",
    "Middle French masculine nouns",
    "Middle French nouns",
    "Middle French terms derived from Old French",
    "Middle French terms inherited from Old French"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fr",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "French: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "French: lien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "lien",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: lien"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "en",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "English: lien",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "English: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "lien"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French lien",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French lien.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "10": "{{{f}}}",
        "11": "",
        "12": "{{{f}}}s",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "5": "plural",
        "6": "liens",
        "7": "",
        "8": "{{{pl2}}}",
        "9": "",
        "f1accel-form": "p",
        "g": "m",
        "g2": "",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien m (plural liens)",
      "name": "frm-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle French",
  "lang_code": "frm",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "tie; strap"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "tie",
          "tie"
        ],
        [
          "strap",
          "strap"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "link (association)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "link",
          "link"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(by extension) link (association)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "broadly",
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "frm",
            "2": "lien"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle French: lien\nFrench: lien\n→ Middle English: lien\nEnglish: lien",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle French: lien\nFrench: lien\n→ Middle English: lien\nEnglish: lien"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "ligāmen"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin ligāmen",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin ligāmen.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lien oblique singular or",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "oblique",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "liens",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "lien oblique singular, m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)",
      "name": "fro-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Old French entries with incorrect language header",
        "Old French lemmas",
        "Old French masculine nouns",
        "Old French nouns",
        "Old French terms derived from Latin",
        "Old French terms inherited from Latin",
        "Old French terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Brangain, go get the dog,\nbring it with its leash",
          "ref": "late 12th century, anonymous author, “La Folie de Tristan d'Oxford”, in Le Roman de Tristan, Champion Classiques edition, page 408, lines 901–2",
          "roman": "amenez k'od tut le lïen",
          "text": "Brenguain, ore alez pur le chen,",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "tie; strap"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "tie",
          "tie"
        ],
        [
          "strap",
          "strap"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "diareses not universally used in transcriptions of Old French",
      "word": "lïen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "liēn"
      },
      "expansion": "Borrowed from Latin liēn",
      "name": "bor+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ro",
        "2": "spleen",
        "3": "splină"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of spleen and splină",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin liēn. Doublet of spleen and splină.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ro-noun-n-uri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "un lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienul",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "niște lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "indefinite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurile",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "definite",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unui lien",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienului",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unor lienuri",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "genitive",
        "indefinite",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurilor",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "definite",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienule",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "lienurilor",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "n",
        "2": "lienuri"
      },
      "expansion": "lien n (plural lienuri)",
      "name": "ro-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "n",
        "gpd": "lienurilor",
        "gpi": "lienuri",
        "gsd": "lienului",
        "gsi": "lien",
        "n": "",
        "npd": "lienurile",
        "npi": "lienuri",
        "nsd": "lienul",
        "nsi": "lien",
        "vp": "lienurilor",
        "vs": "lienule",
        "vs2": ""
      },
      "name": "ro-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Romanian",
  "lang_code": "ro",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Romanian countable nouns",
        "Romanian doublets",
        "Romanian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Romanian lemmas",
        "Romanian neuter nouns",
        "Romanian nouns",
        "Romanian nouns with red links in their headword lines",
        "Romanian terms borrowed from Latin",
        "Romanian terms derived from Latin"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "spleen"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "spleen",
          "spleen"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "splină"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "noun form"
      },
      "expansion": "lien",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Swedish",
  "lang_code": "sv",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Swedish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Swedish non-lemma forms",
        "Swedish noun forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "lie"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "definite singular of lie"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lie",
          "lie#Swedish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "definite",
        "form-of",
        "singular"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "lien"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1698",
  "msg": "unrecognized head form: cooking",
  "path": [
    "lien"
  ],
  "section": "Middle English",
  "subsection": "verb",
  "title": "lien",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1089",
  "msg": "suspicious unhandled suffix in Old French: 'lien oblique singular or', originally 'lien oblique singular or m'",
  "path": [
    "lien"
  ],
  "section": "Old French",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "lien",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1089",
  "msg": "suspicious unhandled suffix in Old French: 'lien oblique singular or', originally 'lien oblique singular or m'",
  "path": [
    "lien"
  ],
  "section": "Old French",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "lien",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1147",
  "msg": "suspicious related form tags ['masculine', 'canonical']: 'lien oblique singular or' in 'lien oblique singular, m (oblique plural liens, nominative singular liens, nominative plural lien)'",
  "path": [
    "lien"
  ],
  "section": "Old French",
  "subsection": "noun",
  "title": "lien",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-11 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (6dfc2a1 and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.