"-id" meaning in English

See -id in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /ɪd/
Etymology: Variant of -oid. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*weyd-}} Head templates: {{head|en|suffixes}} -id
  1. (not productive except in zoology) of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--id-en-suffix-AIzjOM02 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 23 10 24 24 9 12 Synonyms: -al, -an, -ite, -ar, -ese, -ic, -ish, -like, -oid, -ory, -ous, -y
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: /ɪd/
Etymology: From Middle French -ide (like also English -ide), French -ide, and their sources, Latin -id-, -is and Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-), -ῐς (-is). Etymology templates: {{der|en|frm|-ide}} Middle French -ide, {{m+|en|-ide}} English -ide, {{der|en|fr|-ide}} French -ide, {{der|en|la||-id-, -is}} Latin -id-, -is, {{der|en|grc||-ῐδ-}} Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-) Head templates: {{head|en|suffix|cat2=|cat3=|head=|id=}} -id, {{en-suffix}} -id
  1. (botany) Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources. Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Botany
    Sense id: en--id-en-suffix-cThx61EY Topics: biology, botany, natural-sciences
  2. (astronomy) Forming common names of meteors from their apparent constellation of origin. Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Astronomy
    Sense id: en--id-en-suffix-2t4MjnHX Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 23 10 24 24 9 12 Topics: astronomy, natural-sciences
  3. (zoology) Forming common names of members of a taxon which has a name ending in -idae. Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Zoology
    Sense id: en--id-en-suffix-ZHzeiJ35 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 23 10 24 24 9 12 Topics: biology, natural-sciences, zoology
  4. (dentistry, paleontology) Forming names of dental features found in lower (mandibular) teeth. Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Dentistry, Paleontology
  5. (history) Forming the names of certain dynasties, being suffixed to the name of their progenitors and meaning "descendant(s) of". Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): History
    Sense id: en--id-en-suffix-KxukKAfC Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 23 10 24 24 9 12 Topics: history, human-sciences, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for -id meaning in English (7.0kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*weyd-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Variant of -oid.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-id",
      "name": "head"
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  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 24 24 9 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Europe + -id → Europid",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "negro + -id → negrid",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-AIzjOM02",
      "qualifier": "not productive except in zoology",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(not productive except in zoology) of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-al"
        },
        {
          "word": "-an"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ite"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ar"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ese"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ic"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ish"
        },
        {
          "word": "-like"
        },
        {
          "word": "-oid"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ory"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ous"
        },
        {
          "word": "-y"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-id"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "-ide"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French -ide",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-ide"
      },
      "expansion": "English -ide",
      "name": "m+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "-ide"
      },
      "expansion": "French -ide",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-id-, -is"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin -id-, -is",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-ῐδ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French -ide (like also English -ide), French -ide, and their sources, Latin -id-, -is and Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-), -ῐς (-is).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
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        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": "",
        "id": ""
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      "expansion": "-id",
      "name": "head"
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    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-id",
      "name": "en-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Botany",
          "orig": "en:Botany",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-cThx61EY",
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Astronomy",
          "orig": "en:Astronomy",
          "parents": [
            "Sciences",
            "Space",
            "All topics",
            "Nature",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 24 24 9 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The Perseid meteor shower's radiant is in the constellation of Perseus.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming common names of meteors from their apparent constellation of origin."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-2t4MjnHX",
      "links": [
        [
          "astronomy",
          "astronomy"
        ],
        [
          "meteor",
          "meteor#English"
        ],
        [
          "constellation",
          "constellation#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(astronomy) Forming common names of meteors from their apparent constellation of origin."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "astronomy",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Zoology",
          "orig": "en:Zoology",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 24 24 9 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A felid is a member of Felidae.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming common names of members of a taxon which has a name ending in -idae."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-ZHzeiJ35",
      "links": [
        [
          "zoology",
          "zoology"
        ],
        [
          "taxon",
          "taxon#English"
        ],
        [
          "-idae",
          "-idae#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(zoology) Forming common names of members of a taxon which has a name ending in -idae."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "zoology"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English links with redundant target parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant target parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
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          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Dentistry",
          "orig": "en:Dentistry",
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            "Teeth",
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "Mouth",
            "All topics",
            "Face",
            "Fundamental",
            "Head and neck",
            "Body parts",
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Paleontology",
          "orig": "en:Paleontology",
          "parents": [
            "Geology",
            "Sciences",
            "Earth sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "protocone (“cusp of an upper molar”) + -id → protoconid (“equivalent for lower molars”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming names of dental features found in lower (mandibular) teeth."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-AdFMjsNz",
      "links": [
        [
          "dentistry",
          "dentistry"
        ],
        [
          "paleontology",
          "paleontology"
        ],
        [
          "dental",
          "dental#English"
        ],
        [
          "feature",
          "feature#English"
        ],
        [
          "lower",
          "lower#English"
        ],
        [
          "mandibular",
          "mandibular#English"
        ],
        [
          "teeth",
          "teeth#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dentistry, paleontology) Forming names of dental features found in lower (mandibular) teeth."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "dentistry",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "medicine",
        "natural-sciences",
        "paleontology",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "History",
          "orig": "en:History",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 24 24 9 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Solomon → Solomonid, Umayya → Umayyad, Idris → Idrisid, Genghis Khan → Genghisid, Ismail Safavi → Safavid"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming the names of certain dynasties, being suffixed to the name of their progenitors and meaning \"descendant(s) of\"."
      ],
      "id": "en--id-en-suffix-KxukKAfC",
      "links": [
        [
          "history",
          "history"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(history) Forming the names of certain dynasties, being suffixed to the name of their progenitors and meaning \"descendant(s) of\"."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-id"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English suffixes",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *weyd-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*weyd-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Variant of -oid.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "-id",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Europe + -id → Europid",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "negro + -id → negrid",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin."
      ],
      "qualifier": "not productive except in zoology",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(not productive except in zoology) of or pertaining to; appended to various foreign words to make an English adjective or noun form. Often added to words of Greek, sometimes Latin, origin."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-al"
        },
        {
          "word": "-an"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ite"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ar"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ese"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ic"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ish"
        },
        {
          "word": "-like"
        },
        {
          "word": "-oid"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ory"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ous"
        },
        {
          "word": "-y"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-id"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 1-syllable words",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English suffixes",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from French",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
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      "args": {
        "1": "en",
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        "3": "-ide"
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      "expansion": "Middle French -ide",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "-ide"
      },
      "expansion": "English -ide",
      "name": "m+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fr",
        "3": "-ide"
      },
      "expansion": "French -ide",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-id-, -is"
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      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "",
        "4": "-ῐδ-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French -ide (like also English -ide), French -ide, and their sources, Latin -id-, -is and Ancient Greek -ῐδ- (-id-), -ῐς (-is).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
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        "cat2": "",
        "cat3": "",
        "head": "",
        "id": ""
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      "expansion": "-id",
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      "args": {},
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    }
  ],
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  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
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        "en:Botany"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) Forming nouns from Latin or Greek roots, including certain plant names modelled on Latin sources."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Astronomy"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The Perseid meteor shower's radiant is in the constellation of Perseus.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming common names of meteors from their apparent constellation of origin."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "astronomy",
          "astronomy"
        ],
        [
          "meteor",
          "meteor#English"
        ],
        [
          "constellation",
          "constellation#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(astronomy) Forming common names of meteors from their apparent constellation of origin."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "astronomy",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Zoology"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A felid is a member of Felidae.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming common names of members of a taxon which has a name ending in -idae."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "zoology",
          "zoology"
        ],
        [
          "taxon",
          "taxon#English"
        ],
        [
          "-idae",
          "-idae#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(zoology) Forming common names of members of a taxon which has a name ending in -idae."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "zoology"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English links with redundant target parameters",
        "en:Dentistry",
        "en:Paleontology"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "protocone (“cusp of an upper molar”) + -id → protoconid (“equivalent for lower molars”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming names of dental features found in lower (mandibular) teeth."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "dentistry",
          "dentistry"
        ],
        [
          "paleontology",
          "paleontology"
        ],
        [
          "dental",
          "dental#English"
        ],
        [
          "feature",
          "feature#English"
        ],
        [
          "lower",
          "lower#English"
        ],
        [
          "mandibular",
          "mandibular#English"
        ],
        [
          "teeth",
          "teeth#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dentistry, paleontology) Forming names of dental features found in lower (mandibular) teeth."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "dentistry",
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "medicine",
        "natural-sciences",
        "paleontology",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:History"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Solomon → Solomonid, Umayya → Umayyad, Idris → Idrisid, Genghis Khan → Genghisid, Ismail Safavi → Safavid"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forming the names of certain dynasties, being suffixed to the name of their progenitors and meaning \"descendant(s) of\"."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "history",
          "history"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(history) Forming the names of certain dynasties, being suffixed to the name of their progenitors and meaning \"descendant(s) of\"."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "history",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪd/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-id"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.