"botany" meaning in English

See botany in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈbɒt.ə.ni/ [UK], /ˈbɒt.ni/ [UK], /-nɪ/ [UK], /ˈbɑt.ə.ni/ [US], /ˈbɑt.ni/ [US] Audio: en-us-botany.ogg [US] Forms: botanies [plural]
Rhymes: -ɒtəni Etymology: First attested in 1696: Back-formation from botanic. Etymology templates: {{back-form|en|botanic}} Back-formation from botanic Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} botany (countable and uncountable, plural botanies)
  1. (uncountable) A branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of plants. Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Botany, Sciences Translations (scientific study of plants): plantkunde (Afrikaans), botanika (Albanian), عِلْم اَلنَّبَات (ʕilm an-nabāt) [masculine] (Arabic), բուսաբանություն (busabanutʻyun) (Armenian), botánica [feminine] (Asturian), botanika (Azerbaijani), nəbatatşünaslıq (Azerbaijani), ботаника (botanika) (Bashkir), botanika (Basque), бата́ніка (batánika) [feminine] (Belarusian), উদ্ভিদবিজ্ঞান (udbhidbiggên) (Bengali), louzawouriezh (Breton), бота́ника (botánika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), ရုက္ခဗေဒ (rukhka.beda.) (Burmese), botànica [feminine] (Catalan), 植物學 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 植物学 (si̍t-bu̍t-ha̍k) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 植物學 (Chinese Mandarin), 植物学 (zhíwùxué) (Chinese Mandarin), botanika [feminine] (Czech), botanik [common-gender] (Danish), ގަހަވީ އިލްމު (gahavī ilmu) (Dhivehi), plantkunde [feminine] (Dutch), botanie [feminine] (Dutch), botanica [feminine] (Dutch), botaniko (Esperanto), plantscienco (Esperanto), taimeteadus (Estonian), plantufrøði [feminine] (Faroese), kasvitiede (Finnish), botanique [feminine] (French), botánica [feminine] (Galician), ბოტანიკა (boṭaniḳa) (Georgian), Botanik [feminine] (German), Pflanzenkunde [feminine] (German), Bflanzekùnd [Alemannic-German] (German), φυτολογία (fytología) [feminine] (Greek), botanikki (Greenlandic), વનસ્પતિશાસ્ત્ર (vanaspatiśāstra) (Gujarati), etid plant (Haitian Creole), kālailau nahele (Hawaiian), בוטניקה (bot'aniqa) [feminine] (Hebrew), वनस्पति विज्ञान (vanaspati vijñān) [masculine] (Hindi), növénytan (Hungarian), grasafræði [feminine] (Icelandic), ilmu tumbuh-tumbuhan (Indonesian), luibheolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), botanica [feminine] (Italian), 植物学 (alt: しょくぶつがく,shokubutsugaku) (Japanese), ಸಸ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ (sasyaśāstra) (Kannada), ಗಿಡದರಿಮೆ (giḍadarime) (Kannada), ботаника (botanika) (Kazakh), өсімдік тану (ösımdık tanu) (Kazakh), өсімдіктану (ösımdıktanu) (Kazakh), 식물학 (singmulhak) (alt: 植物學) (Korean), ботаника (botanika) (Kyrgyz), botanica [feminine] (Latin), botānika [feminine] (Latvian), plantkónde (Limburgish), botanika [feminine] (Lithuanian), Botanik [feminine] (Luxembourgish), ботаника (botanika) [feminine] (Macedonian), kaji tumbuhan (Malay), botani (Malay), സസ്യശാസ്ത്രം (sasyaśāstraṁ) (Malayalam), lus-oaylleeaght [feminine] (Manx), mātauranga huaota (Maori), mātai tipu (Maori), वनस्पतीशास्त्र (vanaspatīśāstra) (Marathi), ургамалзүй (urgamalzüj) (Mongolian), ургамал судлал (urgamal sudlal) (Mongolian), tlanelhuayomatiliztli (Nahuatl), chʼil naalkaah (Navajo), giyanasî (Northern Kurdish), botanikk [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), plantelære [feminine, masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), plantelære (Norwegian Nynorsk), botanica [feminine] (Occitan), ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ (udbhidô bijñanô) (Odia), ботаникӕ (botanikæ) (Ossetian), اوتلر علمی (otlar ilmi) (Ottoman Turkish), علم نباتات (ilm-i nebatat) (Ottoman Turkish), بوټپوهنه (buṭpohəna) [feminine] (Pashto), گیاهشناسی (giyâh-šenâsi) (Persian), botanika [feminine] (Polish), roślinoznawstwo [neuter] (Polish), botânica [feminine] (Portuguese), ਬਨਸਪਤੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ (banasapatī vigiān) (Punjabi), botanică [feminine] (Romanian), бота́ника (botánika) [feminine] (Russian), luibh-eòlas [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), ботаника [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), botanika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), botanika [feminine] (Slovak), botanika [feminine] (Slovene), botánica [feminine] (Spanish), élmu tutuwuhan (Sundanese), botania [class-10, class-9] (Swahili), elimumime (Swahili), botanik [common-gender] (Swedish), växtlära (Swedish), botanika (Tagalog), гиёҳшиносӣ (giyohšinosī) (Tajik), தாவரவியல் (tāvaraviyal) (Tamil), వృక్షశాస్త్రం (vr̥kṣaśāstraṁ) (Telugu), พฤกษศาสตร์ (prʉ́k-sà-sàat) (Thai), botanik (Turkish), bitki bilimi (Turkish), бота́ніка (botánika) [feminine] (Ukrainian), thực vật học (alt: 植物學) (Vietnamese), planav (Volapük), botanike [feminine] (Walloon), llysieueg [feminine] (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-botany-en-noun-6NVRHILt Disambiguation of Botany: 72 14 14 0 Disambiguation of Sciences: 23 8 32 36 Disambiguation of 'scientific study of plants': 76 8 7 9
  2. The plant life of a geographical area; flora. Tags: countable, uncountable Translations (plant life of an area): kasvillisuus (Finnish), kasvisto (Finnish)
    Sense id: en-botany-en-noun-AqvjfPZB Disambiguation of 'plant life of an area': 5 71 24 0
  3. The properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Sciences Translations (properties and life phenomena of plants): kasvibiologia (Finnish), 植物生態 (shokubutsu sētai) (alt: しょくぶつせいたい) (Japanese), växtbiologi [common-gender] (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-botany-en-noun-GT1grzM9 Disambiguation of Sciences: 23 8 32 36 Categories (other): English back-formations, English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup Disambiguation of English back-formations: 13 7 48 32 Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 7 2 52 38 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 11 3 54 32 Disambiguation of 'properties and life phenomena of plants': 20 9 67 3
  4. (countable) A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Sciences Translations (botanical treatise or study): kasvitieteellinen artikkeli [article] (Finnish), kasvitieteellinen tutkimus (english: study) (Finnish), lärobok i botanik (english: text book) [common-gender] (Swedish), flora (floristics) [common-gender] (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-botany-en-noun-D3Xk7alQ Disambiguation of Sciences: 23 8 32 36 Disambiguation of 'botanical treatise or study': 7 1 5 87
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: wortlore, phytology

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for botany meaning in English (21.1kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "archaeobotany"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "botanical"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "botanically"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "botanise"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "botanize"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "botanist"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "Botany Bay"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ethnobotany"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "macrobotany"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "microbotany"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "paleobotany"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "botanic"
      },
      "expansion": "Back-formation from botanic",
      "name": "back-form"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in 1696: Back-formation from botanic.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "botanies",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "botany (countable and uncountable, plural botanies)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "wortlore"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "phytology"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "72 14 14 0",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Botany",
          "orig": "en:Botany",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 8 32 36",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Sciences",
          "orig": "en:Sciences",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of plants."
      ],
      "id": "en-botany-en-noun-6NVRHILt",
      "links": [
        [
          "biology",
          "biology"
        ],
        [
          "plant",
          "plant"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) A branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of plants."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "plantkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ʕilm an-nabāt",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "عِلْم اَلنَّبَات"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "busabanutʻyun",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "բուսաբանություն"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botánica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "nəbatatşünaslıq"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "botanika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ботаника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "batánika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "бата́ніка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "udbhidbiggên",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "উদ্ভিদবিজ্ঞান"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "louzawouriezh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "botánika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "бота́ника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "rukhka.beda.",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ရုက္ခဗေဒ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botànica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "植物學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "si̍t-bu̍t-ha̍k",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "植物学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "植物學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zhíwùxué",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "植物学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "dv",
          "lang": "Dhivehi",
          "roman": "gahavī ilmu",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ގަހަވީ އިލްމު"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "plantkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botaniko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "plantscienco"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "taimeteadus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "plantufrøði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "kasvitiede"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanique"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botánica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "boṭaniḳa",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ბოტანიკა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Pflanzenkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "gsw",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "Alemannic-German"
          ],
          "word": "Bflanzekùnd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "fytología",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "φυτολογία"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kl",
          "lang": "Greenlandic",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanikki"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "vanaspatiśāstra",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "વનસ્પતિશાસ્ત્ર"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "etid plant"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "haw",
          "lang": "Hawaiian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "kālailau nahele"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "bot'aniqa",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "בוטניקה"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "vanaspati vijñān",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "वनस्पति विज्ञान"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "növénytan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "grasafræði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ilmu tumbuh-tumbuhan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "luibheolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "alt": "しょくぶつがく,shokubutsugaku",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "植物学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "sasyaśāstra",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ಸಸ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "giḍadarime",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ಗಿಡದರಿಮೆ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "botanika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ботаника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "ösımdık tanu",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "өсімдік тану"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "ösımdıktanu",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "өсімдіктану"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "alt": "植物學",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "singmulhak",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "식물학"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "giyanasî"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "botanika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ботаника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botānika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "li",
          "lang": "Limburgish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "plantkónde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "lb",
          "lang": "Luxembourgish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "botanika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ботаника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "kaji tumbuhan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botani"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "sasyaśāstraṁ",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "സസ്യശാസ്ത്രം"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "lus-oaylleeaght"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "mātauranga huaota"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "mātai tipu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "vanaspatīśāstra",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "वनस्पतीशास्त्र"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "urgamalzüj",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ургамалзүй"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "urgamal sudlal",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ургамал судлал"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nah",
          "lang": "Nahuatl",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "tlanelhuayomatiliztli"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nv",
          "lang": "Navajo",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "chʼil naalkaah"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "botanikk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "plantelære"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "plantelære"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "or",
          "lang": "Odia",
          "roman": "udbhidô bijñanô",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "os",
          "lang": "Ossetian",
          "roman": "botanikæ",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ботаникӕ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ota",
          "lang": "Ottoman Turkish",
          "roman": "otlar ilmi",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "اوتلر علمی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ota",
          "lang": "Ottoman Turkish",
          "roman": "ilm-i nebatat",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "علم نباتات"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "buṭpohəna",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "بوټپوهنه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "giyâh-šenâsi",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "گیاهشناسی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "roślinoznawstwo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botânica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "banasapatī vigiān",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "ਬਨਸਪਤੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanică"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "botánika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "бота́ника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "luibh-eòlas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ботаника"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botánica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "su",
          "lang": "Sundanese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "élmu tutuwuhan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "class-10",
            "class-9"
          ],
          "word": "botania"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "elimumime"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "växtlära"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "giyohšinosī",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "гиёҳшиносӣ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "tāvaraviyal",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "தாவரவியல்"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "vr̥kṣaśāstraṁ",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "వృక్షశాస్త్రం"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "prʉ́k-sà-sàat",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "พฤกษศาสตร์"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "bitki bilimi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "botánika",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "бота́ніка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "alt": "植物學",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "thực vật học"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "word": "planav"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "wa",
          "lang": "Walloon",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "botanike"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 8 7 9",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "scientific study of plants",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "llysieueg"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "the botany of Greenland",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The plant life of a geographical area; flora."
      ],
      "id": "en-botany-en-noun-AqvjfPZB",
      "links": [
        [
          "flora",
          "flora"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "5 71 24 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "plant life of an area",
          "word": "kasvillisuus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 71 24 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "plant life of an area",
          "word": "kasvisto"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 7 48 32",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English back-formations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 2 52 38",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 3 54 32",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 8 32 36",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Sciences",
          "orig": "en:Sciences",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group."
      ],
      "id": "en-botany-en-noun-GT1grzM9",
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "20 9 67 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
          "word": "kasvibiologia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "20 9 67 3",
          "alt": "しょくぶつせいたい",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "shokubutsu sētai",
          "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
          "word": "植物生態"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "20 9 67 3",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "växtbiologi"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "23 8 32 36",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Sciences",
          "orig": "en:Sciences",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place."
      ],
      "id": "en-botany-en-noun-D3Xk7alQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "treatise",
          "treatise"
        ],
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "7 1 5 87",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
          "tags": [
            "article"
          ],
          "word": "kasvitieteellinen artikkeli"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 1 5 87",
          "code": "fi",
          "english": "study",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
          "word": "kasvitieteellinen tutkimus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 1 5 87",
          "code": "sv",
          "english": "text book",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "lärobok i botanik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 1 5 87",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "flora (floristics)"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɒt.ə.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɒt.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/-nɪ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑt.ə.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑt.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɒtəni"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-botany.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b4/En-us-botany.ogg/En-us-botany.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/En-us-botany.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "botany"
  ],
  "word": "botany"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English back-formations",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "Requests for gender in Albanian entries",
    "Requests for gender in Alemannic German entries",
    "Requests for gender in Breton entries",
    "Requests for gender in Gujarati entries",
    "Requests for gender in Limburgish entries",
    "Requests for gender in Marathi entries",
    "Requests for gender in Norwegian Nynorsk entries",
    "Requests for gender in Punjabi entries",
    "Requests for gender in Swahili entries",
    "Requests for gender in Swedish entries",
    "Requests for review of Persian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/ɒtəni",
    "Rhymes:English/ɒtəni/2 syllables",
    "en:Botany",
    "en:Sciences"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "archaeobotany"
    },
    {
      "word": "botanical"
    },
    {
      "word": "botanically"
    },
    {
      "word": "botanise"
    },
    {
      "word": "botanize"
    },
    {
      "word": "botanist"
    },
    {
      "word": "Botany Bay"
    },
    {
      "word": "ethnobotany"
    },
    {
      "word": "macrobotany"
    },
    {
      "word": "microbotany"
    },
    {
      "word": "paleobotany"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "botanic"
      },
      "expansion": "Back-formation from botanic",
      "name": "back-form"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in 1696: Back-formation from botanic.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "botanies",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "botany (countable and uncountable, plural botanies)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "wortlore"
    },
    {
      "word": "phytology"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English uncountable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of plants."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "biology",
          "biology"
        ],
        [
          "plant",
          "plant"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable) A branch of biology concerned with the scientific study of plants."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "the botany of Greenland",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The plant life of a geographical area; flora."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "flora",
          "flora"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "The properties and life phenomena exhibited by a plant, plant type, or plant group."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "treatise",
          "treatise"
        ],
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) A botanical treatise or study, especially of a particular system of botany or that of a particular place."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɒt.ə.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɒt.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/-nɪ/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑt.ə.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈbɑt.ni/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɒtəni"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-botany.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b4/En-us-botany.ogg/En-us-botany.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b4/En-us-botany.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "plantkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ʕilm an-nabāt",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "عِلْم اَلنَّبَات"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "busabanutʻyun",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "բուսաբանություն"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botánica"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "nəbatatşünaslıq"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "botanika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ботаника"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "batánika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "бата́ніка"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "udbhidbiggên",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "উদ্ভিদবিজ্ঞান"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "louzawouriezh"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "botánika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "бота́ника"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "rukhka.beda.",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ရုက္ခဗေဒ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botànica"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "植物學"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "si̍t-bu̍t-ha̍k",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "植物学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "植物學"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zhíwùxué",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "植物学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "dv",
      "lang": "Dhivehi",
      "roman": "gahavī ilmu",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ގަހަވީ އިލްމު"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "plantkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanie"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanica"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botaniko"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "plantscienco"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "taimeteadus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "plantufrøði"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "kasvitiede"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanique"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botánica"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "boṭaniḳa",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ბოტანიკა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Pflanzenkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "gsw",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "Alemannic-German"
      ],
      "word": "Bflanzekùnd"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "fytología",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "φυτολογία"
    },
    {
      "code": "kl",
      "lang": "Greenlandic",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanikki"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "vanaspatiśāstra",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "વનસ્પતિશાસ્ત્ર"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "etid plant"
    },
    {
      "code": "haw",
      "lang": "Hawaiian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "kālailau nahele"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "bot'aniqa",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "בוטניקה"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "vanaspati vijñān",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "वनस्पति विज्ञान"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "növénytan"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "grasafræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ilmu tumbuh-tumbuhan"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "luibheolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "しょくぶつがく,shokubutsugaku",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "植物学"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "sasyaśāstra",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ಸಸ್ಯಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "giḍadarime",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ಗಿಡದರಿಮೆ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "botanika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ботаника"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "ösımdık tanu",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "өсімдік тану"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "ösımdıktanu",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "өсімдіктану"
    },
    {
      "alt": "植物學",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "singmulhak",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "식물학"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "giyanasî"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "botanika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ботаника"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanica"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botānika"
    },
    {
      "code": "li",
      "lang": "Limburgish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "plantkónde"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lb",
      "lang": "Luxembourgish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "botanika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ботаника"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "kaji tumbuhan"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botani"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "sasyaśāstraṁ",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "സസ്യശാസ്ത്രം"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "lus-oaylleeaght"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "mātauranga huaota"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "mātai tipu"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "vanaspatīśāstra",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "वनस्पतीशास्त्र"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "urgamalzüj",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ургамалзүй"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "urgamal sudlal",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ургамал судлал"
    },
    {
      "code": "nah",
      "lang": "Nahuatl",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "tlanelhuayomatiliztli"
    },
    {
      "code": "nv",
      "lang": "Navajo",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "chʼil naalkaah"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "botanikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "plantelære"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "plantelære"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanica"
    },
    {
      "code": "or",
      "lang": "Odia",
      "roman": "udbhidô bijñanô",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ଉଦ୍ଭିଦ ବିଜ୍ଞାନ"
    },
    {
      "code": "os",
      "lang": "Ossetian",
      "roman": "botanikæ",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ботаникӕ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ota",
      "lang": "Ottoman Turkish",
      "roman": "otlar ilmi",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "اوتلر علمی"
    },
    {
      "code": "ota",
      "lang": "Ottoman Turkish",
      "roman": "ilm-i nebatat",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "علم نباتات"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "buṭpohəna",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "بوټپوهنه"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "giyâh-šenâsi",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "گیاهشناسی"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "roślinoznawstwo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botânica"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "banasapatī vigiān",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "ਬਨਸਪਤੀ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanică"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "botánika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "бота́ника"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "luibh-eòlas"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ботаника"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botánica"
    },
    {
      "code": "su",
      "lang": "Sundanese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "élmu tutuwuhan"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "class-10",
        "class-9"
      ],
      "word": "botania"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "elimumime"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "växtlära"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanika"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "giyohšinosī",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "гиёҳшиносӣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "tāvaraviyal",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "தாவரவியல்"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "vr̥kṣaśāstraṁ",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "వృక్షశాస్త్రం"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "prʉ́k-sà-sàat",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "พฤกษศาสตร์"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "bitki bilimi"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "botánika",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "бота́ніка"
    },
    {
      "alt": "植物學",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "thực vật học"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "word": "planav"
    },
    {
      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "botanike"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "scientific study of plants",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "llysieueg"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "plant life of an area",
      "word": "kasvillisuus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "plant life of an area",
      "word": "kasvisto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
      "word": "kasvibiologia"
    },
    {
      "alt": "しょくぶつせいたい",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "shokubutsu sētai",
      "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
      "word": "植物生態"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "properties and life phenomena of plants",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "växtbiologi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
      "tags": [
        "article"
      ],
      "word": "kasvitieteellinen artikkeli"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "english": "study",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
      "word": "kasvitieteellinen tutkimus"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "english": "text book",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "lärobok i botanik"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "botanical treatise or study",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "flora (floristics)"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "botany"
  ],
  "word": "botany"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (1d5a7d1 and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.