"geography" meaning in English

See geography in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /dʒɪˈɒɡɹəfi/ [UK], /ˈdʒɒɡɹəfi/ [UK], /d͡ʒiˈɑɡɹəfi/ [US] Audio: en-us-geography.ogg [US] Forms: geographies [plural]
Rhymes: -ɒɡɹəfi Etymology: From Middle French géographie, from Latin geōgraphia, from Ancient Greek γεωγραφία (geōgraphía, “a description of the earth”), from γῆ (gê, “earth”) + γράφω (gráphō, “write”). Use in reference to lavatories derives from the mid-20th century euphemism "show one the geography of the house" in reference to pointing out the toilets. Etymology templates: {{uder|en|frm|géographie}} Middle French géographie, {{uder|en|la|geōgraphia}} Latin geōgraphia, {{uder|en|grc|γεωγραφία||a description of the earth}} Ancient Greek γεωγραφία (geōgraphía, “a description of the earth”) Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} geography (countable and uncountable, plural geographies)
  1. A description of the earth: a treatise or textbook on geography. Tags: countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-WtGtDNUi
  2. (archaic) an atlas or gazetteer. Tags: archaic, countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Sciences
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-U-DWTegL Disambiguation of Sciences: 6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7
  3. The study of the physical properties of the earth, including how humans affect and are affected by them. Tags: countable, uncountable Synonyms: geography Translations (study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth): агеографиа (ageografja) (Abkhaz), geografie (Afrikaans), aardrykskunde (Afrikaans), gyeografi (Akan), gjeografi [feminine] (Albanian), geographie [feminine] (Alemannic German), γεωγραφία (geōgraphía) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), جُغْرَافِيَا (juḡrāfiyā) [feminine] (Arabic), جُغْرافيا (juḡrāfya) [Hijazi-Arabic, feminine] (Arabic), cheografía [feminine] (Aragonese), աշխարհագրություն (ašxarhagrutʻyun) (Armenian), ভূগোল (bhugül) (Assamese), xeografía [feminine] (Asturian), uraqita (Aymara), coğrafiya (Azerbaijani), география (geografiya) (Bashkir), geografia (Basque), геагра́фія (hjeahráfija) [feminine] (Belarusian), ভূগোল (bhugōl) (Bengali), douaroniezh (Breton), геогра́фия (geográfija) [feminine] (Bulgarian), ပထဝီဝင် (pa.hta.wiwang) (Burmese), ґеоґра́фія (geográfija) [feminine] (Carpathian Rusyn), geografia [feminine] (Catalan), Jeojrafie (Central Franconian), yeogråfia (Chamorro), 地理學 (Chinese Cantonese), 地理学 (dei⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶) (Chinese Cantonese), 地理學 (Chinese Mandarin), 地理学 (dìlǐxué) (Chinese Mandarin), doronieth [feminine] (Cornish), geografia [feminine] (Corsican), zeměpis [masculine] (Czech), geografie [feminine] (Czech), geografi [common-gender] (Danish), geografie [feminine] (Dutch), aardrijkskunde [feminine] (Dutch), geografio (Esperanto), geograafia (Estonian), maateadus (Estonian), landafrøði [feminine] (Faroese), landalæra [feminine] (Faroese), maantiede (Finnish), maantieto (Finnish), geografia (Finnish), géographie [feminine] (French), gjeografie [feminine] (Friulian), xeografía [feminine] (Galician), გეოგრაფია (geograpia) (Georgian), Geografie [feminine] (German), Geographie [feminine] (German), Erdkunde (German), γεωγραφία (geografía) [feminine] (Greek), ભૂગોળ (bhūgoḷ) (Gujarati), jewografi (Haitian Creole), hōʻike honua (Hawaiian), גֵּאוֹגְרַפְיָה (geográfya) [feminine] (Hebrew), भूगोल (bhūgol) [masculine] (Hindi), természetföldrajz (Hungarian), földrajz (Hungarian), landafræði [feminine] (Icelandic), landfræði [feminine] (Icelandic), geografio (Ido), geografi (Indonesian), geographia (Interlingua), ᓄᓇᐅᔪᖅ (nonaoyoq) (Inuktitut), tíreolaíocht [feminine] (Irish), geografia [feminine] (Italian), 地理学 (chirigaku) (alt: ちりがく) (Japanese), ಭೂಗೋಳಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ (bhūgōḷaśāstra) (Kannada), география (geografiä) (Kazakh), жағрафия (jağrafiä) (Kazakh), ភូមិសាស្ត្រ (phuumisaah) (Khmer), 지리학 (jirihak) (alt: 地理學) (Korean), география (geografiya) (Kyrgyz), ພູມສາດ (phūm sāt) (Lao), geographia [feminine] (Latin), ģeogrāfija [feminine] (Latvian), giögrafia (Ligurian), geografija [Aukštaitian, feminine] (Lithuanian), географија (geografija) [feminine] (Macedonian), земјопис (zemjopis) [masculine] (Macedonian), geografi (Malay), ilmu alam (Malay), ġeografija [feminine] (Maltese), mātai matawhenua (Maori), mātauranga whenua (Maori), भूगोल (bhūgol) [masculine] (Marathi), jografie (Mirandese), газарзүй (gazarzüj) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷᠵᠦᠢ (ɣaǰarǰüi) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ⵜⴰⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍⵜ (tarakalt) [feminine] (Moroccan Amazigh), भूगोल (bhūgol) (Nepali), géographie [feminine] (Norman), cografya (Northern Kurdish), geografi [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), geografi [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), landkunne [feminine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), geografia [feminine] (Occitan), ځمکپوهنه (źməkpohəna) (Pashto), جغرافيه [feminine] (Pashto), گیتاشناسی (gitâ-šenâsi) (Persian), جغرافیا (joğrâfiyâ) (Persian), jéographie (Picard), jiiografii (Pitcairn-Norfolk), Ieedbaulkonst [feminine] (Plautdietsch), geografia [feminine] (Polish), ziemiopismo [neuter, obsolete] (Polish), geografia [feminine] (Portuguese), ਭੂਗੋਲ (bhūgol) [masculine] (Punjabi), geografie [feminine] (Romanian), ӂеографие (geografie) [Cyrillic, feminine] (Romanian), geografia [feminine] (Romansch), geografeia [feminine] (Romansch), геогра́фия (geográfija) [feminine] (Russian), geuograpėjė [feminine] (Samogitian), भूगोलः (bhūgolaḥ) (Sanskrit), cruinn-eòlas [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), географија [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), земљопис [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), geografija [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), zemljopis [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), giografìa [feminine] (Sicilian), zemepis [masculine] (Slovak), zemljepis [masculine] (Slovene), geografija [feminine] (Slovene), geografía [feminine] (Spanish), jiografia (Swahili), geografi [common-gender] (Swedish), taladutaan (Tagalog), heograpiya (Tagalog), ҷуғрофия (juġrofiya) (Tajik), география (geografiya) (Tajik), புவியியல் (puviyiyal) (Tamil), భూగోళశాస్త్రం (bhūgōḷaśāstraṁ) (Telugu), ภูมิศาสตร์ (puu-mí-sàat) (Thai), save long graun (Tok Pisin), coğrafya (Turkish), geografiýa (Turkmen), геогра́фія (heohráfija) [feminine] (Ukrainian), земле́пис (zemlépys) [masculine] (Ukrainian), بھوگول (bhūgol) [masculine] (Urdu), جغرافیہ (juġrāfiya) (Urdu), جۇغراپىيە (jughrapiye) (Uyghur), geografiya (Uzbek), địa lý học (alt: 地理學) (Vietnamese), taledav (Volapük), djeyografeye (Walloon), daearyddiaeth (Welsh), ierdrykskunde (West Frisian), געאָגראַפֿיע (geografye) [feminine] (Yiddish)
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-RKlI-uga Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of 'study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth': 7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3
  4. Terrain: the physical properties of a region of the earth. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Geography, Sciences
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-gG-IT34u Disambiguation of Geography: 7 4 11 21 13 14 15 10 2 5 Disambiguation of Sciences: 6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -graphy, Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations, Pages with raw sortkeys Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -graphy: 5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4 Disambiguation of Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations: 8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3 Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3
  5. Any subject considered in terms of its physical distribution. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Sciences
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-r8xreaYL Disambiguation of Sciences: 6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -graphy, Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations, Pages with raw sortkeys Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -graphy: 5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4 Disambiguation of Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations: 8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3 Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3
  6. (astronomy) Similar books, studies, or regions concerning other planets. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Astronomy, Sciences
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-D3~CnkW2 Disambiguation of Sciences: 6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -graphy, Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations, Pages with raw sortkeys Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -graphy: 5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4 Disambiguation of Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations: 8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3 Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3 Topics: astronomy, natural-sciences
  7. The physical arrangement of any place, particularly (UK, slang) a house. Tags: countable, uncountable
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-VG3tRgnV Categories (other): British English, English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -graphy, English terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys, English undefined derivations, Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations, Pages with raw sortkeys Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -graphy: 5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4 Disambiguation of English terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys: 5 3 8 15 17 13 21 13 1 4 Disambiguation of English undefined derivations: 5 3 8 16 13 13 21 13 2 5 Disambiguation of Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations: 8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3 Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3
  8. (chiefly upper-class UK, euphemistic) The lavatory: a room used for urination and defecation. Tags: countable, euphemistic, uncountable Categories (topical): Sciences, Toilet (room) Synonyms (upper-class British slang for lavatory): loo
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-2gib0YIu Disambiguation of Sciences: 6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7 Disambiguation of Toilet (room): 5 14 9 5 12 5 7 40 2 2 Categories (other): British English, English euphemisms, English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -graphy, Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations, Pages with raw sortkeys Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -graphy: 5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4 Disambiguation of Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations: 8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3 Disambiguation of Pages with raw sortkeys: 5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3 Disambiguation of 'upper-class British slang for lavatory': 5 8 3 4 8 4 26 39 1 2
  9. (figuratively) The relative arrangement of the parts of anything. Tags: countable, figuratively, uncountable
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-5NVCJ8i9
  10. (chiefly business and marketing) A territory: a geographical area as a field of business or market sector. Tags: countable, uncountable Categories (topical): Business, Marketing
    Sense id: en-geography-en-noun-O6SguFmm Topics: business, marketing
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: bathroom, geography Hypernyms: science Holonyms: earth science Meronyms: human geography, physical geography, geomorphology, biogeography, climatology, meteorology, pedology, palaeogeography

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for geography meaning in English (47.4kB)

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    {
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      "word": "anthropogeography"
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      "word": "phytogeography"
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      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "political geography"
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    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
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  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "géographie"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French géographie",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
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        "2": "la",
        "3": "geōgraphia"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin geōgraphia",
      "name": "uder"
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    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "γεωγραφία",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a description of the earth"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek γεωγραφία (geōgraphía, “a description of the earth”)",
      "name": "uder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French géographie, from Latin geōgraphia, from Ancient Greek γεωγραφία (geōgraphía, “a description of the earth”), from γῆ (gê, “earth”) + γράφω (gráphō, “write”).\nUse in reference to lavatories derives from the mid-20th century euphemism \"show one the geography of the house\" in reference to pointing out the toilets.",
  "forms": [
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      "form": "geographies",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
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  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
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      "expansion": "geography (countable and uncountable, plural geographies)",
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  "holonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "earth science"
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  "hypernyms": [
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  "hyphenation": [
    "ge‧og‧ra‧phy"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "meronyms": [
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      "word": "climatology"
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      "word": "meteorology"
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      "word": "pedology"
    },
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      "word": "palaeogeography"
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  ],
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Earth"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "landform"
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      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
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      "word": "map"
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      "word": "atlas"
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      "word": "latitude"
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      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
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      "word": "longitude"
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    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "altitude"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "settlement"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "continent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "subcontinent"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "island"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "mountain"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "valley"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "body of water"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "ocean"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "river"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "lake"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Africa"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Antarctica"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Australia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "North America"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "South America"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Eurasia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Europe"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Asia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Nearctic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Palearctic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Afrotropic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Indomalaya"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Australasia"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Neotropic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Oceania"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "Antarctic"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "city"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "town"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "village"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "bridge"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "road"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "tunnel"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "country"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "administrative division"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "geographer"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "cartographer"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2021, Mark Steyn, “Our Increasingly Unrecognizable Civilization”, in Imprimis, volume 50, number 4/5, Hillsdale College, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 3",
          "text": "These days, instead of going off behind the bike shed during recess to learn about sex, kids need to sneak behind the bike shed to do a little bit of closeted geography or closeted Latin.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A description of the earth: a treatise or textbook on geography."
      ],
      "id": "en-geography-en-noun-WtGtDNUi",
      "links": [
        [
          "description",
          "description"
        ],
        [
          "earth",
          "earth"
        ],
        [
          "treatise",
          "treatise"
        ],
        [
          "textbook",
          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Sciences",
          "orig": "en:Sciences",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "an atlas or gazetteer."
      ],
      "id": "en-geography-en-noun-U-DWTegL",
      "links": [
        [
          "atlas",
          "atlas"
        ],
        [
          "gazetteer",
          "gazetteer"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) an atlas or gazetteer."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Some amount of basic geography is part of any good curriculum for primary and secondary education.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The study of the physical properties of the earth, including how humans affect and are affected by them."
      ],
      "id": "en-geography-en-noun-RKlI-uga",
      "links": [
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ],
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ],
        [
          "properties",
          "properties"
        ],
        [
          "earth",
          "earth"
        ],
        [
          "including",
          "including"
        ],
        [
          "how",
          "how"
        ],
        [
          "human",
          "human"
        ],
        [
          "affect",
          "affect"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "geography"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ab",
          "lang": "Abkhaz",
          "roman": "ageografja",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "агеографиа"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "aardrykskunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ak",
          "lang": "Akan",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "gyeografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gjeografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "gsw",
          "lang": "Alemannic German",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geographie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "juḡrāfiyā",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "جُغْرَافِيَا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "acw",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "juḡrāfya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Hijazi-Arabic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "جُغْرافيا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "an",
          "lang": "Aragonese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "cheografía"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "ašxarhagrutʻyun",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "աշխարհագրություն"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "as",
          "lang": "Assamese",
          "roman": "bhugül",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ভূগোল"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "xeografía"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ay",
          "lang": "Aymara",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "uraqita"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "coğrafiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ba",
          "lang": "Bashkir",
          "roman": "geografiya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "география"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "hjeahráfija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "геагра́фія"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "bhugōl",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ভূগোল"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "douaroniezh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "geográfija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "геогра́фия"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "pa.hta.wiwang",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ပထဝီဝင်"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "rue",
          "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
          "roman": "geográfija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ґеоґра́фія"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "gmw-cfr",
          "lang": "Central Franconian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "Jeojrafie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ch",
          "lang": "Chamorro",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "yeogråfia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "地理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "dei⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "地理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "地理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "dìlǐxué",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "地理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "kw",
          "lang": "Cornish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "doronieth"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "co",
          "lang": "Corsican",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "zeměpis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "aardrijkskunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografio"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geograafia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "maateadus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "landafrøði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "landalæra"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "maantiede"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "maantieto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "géographie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fur",
          "lang": "Friulian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "gjeografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "xeografía"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "geograpia",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "გეოგრაფია"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Geografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Geographie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "Erdkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "geografía",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γεωγραφία"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "geōgraphía",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "γεωγραφία"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "bhūgoḷ",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ભૂગોળ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "jewografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "haw",
          "lang": "Hawaiian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "hōʻike honua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "geográfya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "גֵּאוֹגְרַפְיָה"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "bhūgol",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "भूगोल"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "természetföldrajz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "földrajz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "landafræði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "landfræði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografio"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geographia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "iu",
          "lang": "Inuktitut",
          "roman": "nonaoyoq",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ᓄᓇᐅᔪᖅ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "tíreolaíocht"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "alt": "ちりがく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "chirigaku",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "地理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "bhūgōḷaśāstra",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ಭೂಗೋಳಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "geografiä",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "география"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "jağrafiä",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "жағрафия"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "phuumisaah",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ភូមិសាស្ត្រ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "alt": "地理學",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "jirihak",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "지리학"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "kmr",
          "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "cografya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "geografiya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "география"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "phūm sāt",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ພູມສາດ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geographia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ģeogrāfija"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "lij",
          "lang": "Ligurian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "giögrafia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Aukštaitian",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografija"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sgs",
          "lang": "Samogitian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geuograpėjė"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "geografija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "географија"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "zemjopis",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "земјопис"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ilmu alam"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ġeografija"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "mātai matawhenua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "mātauranga whenua"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "bhūgol",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "भूगोल"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mwl",
          "lang": "Mirandese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "jografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "gazarzüj",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "газарзүй"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "ɣaǰarǰüi",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷᠵᠦᠢ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "zgh",
          "lang": "Moroccan Amazigh",
          "roman": "tarakalt",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ⵜⴰⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍⵜ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ne",
          "lang": "Nepali",
          "roman": "bhūgol",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "भूगोल"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "géographie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "landkunne"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "źməkpohəna",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ځمکپوهنه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "جغرافيه"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "gitâ-šenâsi",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "گیتاشناسی"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "joğrâfiyâ",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "جغرافیا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pcd",
          "lang": "Picard",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "jéographie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pih",
          "lang": "Pitcairn-Norfolk",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "jiiografii"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pdt",
          "lang": "Plautdietsch",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Ieedbaulkonst"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "neuter",
            "obsolete"
          ],
          "word": "ziemiopismo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "bhūgol",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ਭੂਗੋਲ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografie"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "roman": "geografie",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ӂеографие"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "rm",
          "lang": "Romansch",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografeia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "geográfija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "геогра́фия"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sa",
          "lang": "Sanskrit",
          "roman": "bhūgolaḥ",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "भूगोलः"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cruinn-eòlas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "географија"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "земљопис"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografija"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "zemljopis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "scn",
          "lang": "Sicilian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "giografìa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "zemepis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "zemljepis"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografija"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "geografía"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sw",
          "lang": "Swahili",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "jiografia"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "geografi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "taladutaan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "heograpiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "juġrofiya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ҷуғрофия"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "geografiya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "география"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "puviyiyal",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "புவியியல்"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "bhūgōḷaśāstraṁ",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "భూగోళశాస్త్రం"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "puu-mí-sàat",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ภูมิศาสตร์"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tpi",
          "lang": "Tok Pisin",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "save long graun"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "coğrafya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografiýa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "heohráfija",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "геогра́фія"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "zemlépys",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "земле́пис"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "bhūgol",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "بھوگول"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ur",
          "lang": "Urdu",
          "roman": "juġrāfiya",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "جغرافیہ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "jughrapiye",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "جۇغراپىيە"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "uz",
          "lang": "Uzbek",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "geografiya"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "alt": "地理學",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "địa lý học"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "taledav"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "wa",
          "lang": "Walloon",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "djeyografeye"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "daearyddiaeth"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "word": "ierdrykskunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "7 2 26 20 14 7 16 3 3 3",
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "geografye",
          "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "געאָגראַפֿיע"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "10 5 10 13 13 14 15 13 2 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 2 8 16 19 13 18 12 2 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 4 8 12 20 11 19 14 3 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms suffixed with -graphy",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 4 8 14 17 13 18 14 1 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Moroccan Amazigh terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 4 10 15 16 14 18 12 2 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Pages with raw sortkeys",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 4 11 21 13 14 15 10 2 5",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Geography",
          "orig": "en:Geography",
          "parents": [
            "Earth sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 11 7 13 16 19 7 11 3 7",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Sciences",
          "orig": "en:Sciences",
          "parents": [
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1973, Helen Miller Bailey, Abraham Phineas Nasatir, Latin America: the development of its civilization",
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    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "road"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "tunnel"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "country"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "administrative division"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "geographer"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "cartographer"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2021, Mark Steyn, “Our Increasingly Unrecognizable Civilization”, in Imprimis, volume 50, number 4/5, Hillsdale College, →ISSN, →OCLC, page 3",
          "text": "These days, instead of going off behind the bike shed during recess to learn about sex, kids need to sneak behind the bike shed to do a little bit of closeted geography or closeted Latin.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A description of the earth: a treatise or textbook on geography."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "description",
          "description"
        ],
        [
          "earth",
          "earth"
        ],
        [
          "treatise",
          "treatise"
        ],
        [
          "textbook",
          "textbook"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with archaic senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "an atlas or gazetteer."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "atlas",
          "atlas"
        ],
        [
          "gazetteer",
          "gazetteer"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(archaic) an atlas or gazetteer."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "archaic",
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Some amount of basic geography is part of any good curriculum for primary and secondary education.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The study of the physical properties of the earth, including how humans affect and are affected by them."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "study",
          "study"
        ],
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ],
        [
          "properties",
          "properties"
        ],
        [
          "earth",
          "earth"
        ],
        [
          "including",
          "including"
        ],
        [
          "how",
          "how"
        ],
        [
          "human",
          "human"
        ],
        [
          "affect",
          "affect"
        ],
        [
          "them",
          "them"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "geography"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1973, Helen Miller Bailey, Abraham Phineas Nasatir, Latin America: the development of its civilization",
          "text": "The geography of the Andes approaches never made transportation easy; routes to Bogota, Quito, La Paz, and Cuzco were so precipitous as to slow down the development of those Spanish cities in the interior.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Terrain: the physical properties of a region of the earth."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Terrain",
          "terrain"
        ],
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ],
        [
          "properties",
          "properties"
        ],
        [
          "region",
          "region"
        ],
        [
          "earth",
          "earth"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "Any subject considered in terms of its physical distribution."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Any",
          "any"
        ],
        [
          "subject",
          "subject"
        ],
        [
          "consider",
          "consider"
        ],
        [
          "term",
          "term"
        ],
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ],
        [
          "distribution",
          "distribution"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Astronomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Similar books, studies, or regions concerning other planets."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "astronomy",
          "astronomy"
        ],
        [
          "Similar",
          "similar"
        ],
        [
          "book",
          "book"
        ],
        [
          "studies",
          "studies"
        ],
        [
          "region",
          "region"
        ],
        [
          "concern",
          "concern"
        ],
        [
          "other",
          "other"
        ],
        [
          "planet",
          "planet"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(astronomy) Similar books, studies, or regions concerning other planets."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "astronomy",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "British English",
        "English slang"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The physical arrangement of any place, particularly (UK, slang) a house."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ],
        [
          "arrangement",
          "arrangement"
        ],
        [
          "any",
          "any"
        ],
        [
          "place",
          "place"
        ],
        [
          "particularly",
          "particularly"
        ],
        [
          "house",
          "house"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "British English",
        "English euphemisms",
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1967 December 21, The Listener, page 802",
          "text": "The Business Man Jocular: ‘I say, where's the geography, old son?’",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The lavatory: a room used for urination and defecation."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "lavatory",
          "lavatory"
        ],
        [
          "room",
          "room"
        ],
        [
          "use",
          "use"
        ],
        [
          "urination",
          "urination"
        ],
        [
          "defecation",
          "defecation"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "chiefly upper-class UK",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(chiefly upper-class UK, euphemistic) The lavatory: a room used for urination and defecation."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "euphemistic",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "The relative arrangement of the parts of anything."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "relative",
          "relative"
        ],
        [
          "arrangement",
          "arrangement"
        ],
        [
          "part",
          "part"
        ],
        [
          "anything",
          "anything"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(figuratively) The relative arrangement of the parts of anything."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "figuratively",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Business",
        "en:Marketing"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "We currently operate only in EU countries but we're building prototype services for various geographies.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A territory: a geographical area as a field of business or market sector."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "business",
          "business"
        ],
        [
          "marketing",
          "marketing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "territory",
          "territory"
        ],
        [
          "geographical",
          "geographical"
        ],
        [
          "area",
          "area"
        ],
        [
          "field",
          "field"
        ],
        [
          "market",
          "market"
        ],
        [
          "sector",
          "sector"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(chiefly business and marketing) A territory: a geographical area as a field of business or market sector."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable",
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "business",
        "marketing"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/dʒɪˈɒɡɹəfi/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdʒɒɡɹəfi/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/d͡ʒiˈɑɡɹəfi/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɒɡɹəfi"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-geography.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/25/En-us-geography.ogg/En-us-geography.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/En-us-geography.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "upper-class British slang for lavatory",
      "word": "loo"
    },
    {
      "word": "bathroom"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:geography",
      "word": "geography"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ab",
      "lang": "Abkhaz",
      "roman": "ageografja",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "агеографиа"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "aardrykskunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "ak",
      "lang": "Akan",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "gyeografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gjeografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "gsw",
      "lang": "Alemannic German",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geographie"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "juḡrāfiyā",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "جُغْرَافِيَا"
    },
    {
      "code": "acw",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "juḡrāfya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Hijazi-Arabic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "جُغْرافيا"
    },
    {
      "code": "an",
      "lang": "Aragonese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "cheografía"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "ašxarhagrutʻyun",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "աշխարհագրություն"
    },
    {
      "code": "as",
      "lang": "Assamese",
      "roman": "bhugül",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ভূগোল"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "xeografía"
    },
    {
      "code": "ay",
      "lang": "Aymara",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "uraqita"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "coğrafiya"
    },
    {
      "code": "ba",
      "lang": "Bashkir",
      "roman": "geografiya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "география"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "hjeahráfija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "геагра́фія"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "bhugōl",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ভূগোল"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "douaroniezh"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "geográfija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "геогра́фия"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "pa.hta.wiwang",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ပထဝီဝင်"
    },
    {
      "code": "rue",
      "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
      "roman": "geográfija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ґеоґра́фія"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "gmw-cfr",
      "lang": "Central Franconian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "Jeojrafie"
    },
    {
      "code": "ch",
      "lang": "Chamorro",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "yeogråfia"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "地理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "dei⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "地理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "地理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "dìlǐxué",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "地理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "kw",
      "lang": "Cornish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "doronieth"
    },
    {
      "code": "co",
      "lang": "Corsican",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "zeměpis"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "aardrijkskunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografio"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geograafia"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "maateadus"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "landafrøði"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "landalæra"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "maantiede"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "maantieto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "géographie"
    },
    {
      "code": "fur",
      "lang": "Friulian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "gjeografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "xeografía"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "geograpia",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "გეოგრაფია"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Geografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Geographie"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "Erdkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "geografía",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γεωγραφία"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "geōgraphía",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "γεωγραφία"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "bhūgoḷ",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ભૂગોળ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "jewografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "haw",
      "lang": "Hawaiian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "hōʻike honua"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "geográfya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "גֵּאוֹגְרַפְיָה"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "bhūgol",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "भूगोल"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "természetföldrajz"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "földrajz"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "landafræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "landfræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografio"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geographia"
    },
    {
      "code": "iu",
      "lang": "Inuktitut",
      "roman": "nonaoyoq",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ᓄᓇᐅᔪᖅ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "tíreolaíocht"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ちりがく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "chirigaku",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "地理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "bhūgōḷaśāstra",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ಭೂಗೋಳಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "geografiä",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "география"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "jağrafiä",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "жағрафия"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "phuumisaah",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ភូមិសាស្ត្រ"
    },
    {
      "alt": "地理學",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "jirihak",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "지리학"
    },
    {
      "code": "kmr",
      "lang": "Northern Kurdish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "cografya"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
      "roman": "geografiya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "география"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "phūm sāt",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ພູມສາດ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geographia"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ģeogrāfija"
    },
    {
      "code": "lij",
      "lang": "Ligurian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "giögrafia"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Aukštaitian",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografija"
    },
    {
      "code": "sgs",
      "lang": "Samogitian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geuograpėjė"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "geografija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "географија"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "zemjopis",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "земјопис"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ilmu alam"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ġeografija"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "mātai matawhenua"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "mātauranga whenua"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "bhūgol",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "भूगोल"
    },
    {
      "code": "mwl",
      "lang": "Mirandese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "jografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "gazarzüj",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "газарзүй"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "ɣaǰarǰüi",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠭᠠᠵᠠᠷᠵᠦᠢ"
    },
    {
      "code": "zgh",
      "lang": "Moroccan Amazigh",
      "roman": "tarakalt",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ⵜⴰⵔⴰⴽⴰⵍⵜ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "bhūgol",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "भूगोल"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "géographie"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "landkunne"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "źməkpohəna",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ځمکپوهنه"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "جغرافيه"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "gitâ-šenâsi",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "گیتاشناسی"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "joğrâfiyâ",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "جغرافیا"
    },
    {
      "code": "pcd",
      "lang": "Picard",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "jéographie"
    },
    {
      "code": "pih",
      "lang": "Pitcairn-Norfolk",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "jiiografii"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdt",
      "lang": "Plautdietsch",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Ieedbaulkonst"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "ziemiopismo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "bhūgol",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ਭੂਗੋਲ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografie"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "roman": "geografie",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ӂеографие"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "rm",
      "lang": "Romansch",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografeia"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "geográfija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "геогра́фия"
    },
    {
      "code": "sa",
      "lang": "Sanskrit",
      "roman": "bhūgolaḥ",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "भूगोलः"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cruinn-eòlas"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "географија"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "земљопис"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografija"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "zemljopis"
    },
    {
      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "giografìa"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "zemepis"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "zemljepis"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografija"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "geografía"
    },
    {
      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "jiografia"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "geografi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "taladutaan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "heograpiya"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "juġrofiya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ҷуғрофия"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "geografiya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "география"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "puviyiyal",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "புவியியல்"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "bhūgōḷaśāstraṁ",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "భూగోళశాస్త్రం"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "puu-mí-sàat",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ภูมิศาสตร์"
    },
    {
      "code": "tpi",
      "lang": "Tok Pisin",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "save long graun"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "coğrafya"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografiýa"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "heohráfija",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "геогра́фія"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "zemlépys",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "земле́пис"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "bhūgol",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "بھوگول"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "juġrāfiya",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "جغرافیہ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "jughrapiye",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "جۇغراپىيە"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "geografiya"
    },
    {
      "alt": "地理學",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "địa lý học"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "taledav"
    },
    {
      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "djeyografeye"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "daearyddiaeth"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "word": "ierdrykskunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "geografye",
      "sense": "study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "געאָגראַפֿיע"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "geography"
  ],
  "word": "geography"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.