"imperfect" meaning in English

See imperfect in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/ [verb] Audio: en-us-imperfect.ogg , LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav Forms: more imperfect [comparative], most imperfect [superlative]
Etymology: From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|imperfit}} Middle English imperfit, {{der|en|fro|imparfit}} Old French imparfit, {{cog|fr|imparfait}} French imparfait, {{der|en|la|imperfectus}} Latin imperfectus, {{pre|en|im|perfect}} im- + perfect Head templates: {{en-adj}} imperfect (comparative more imperfect, superlative most imperfect)
  1. not perfect Categories (topical): Tenses Synonyms: defective, fallible, faultful, faulty Translations (not perfect): imperfeutu (Asturian), qeyri-kamil (Azerbaijani), незавършен (nezavǎršen) (Bulgarian), несъвършен (nesǎvǎršen) (Bulgarian), imperfecte (Catalan), nedokonalý [masculine] (Czech), imperfect (Dutch), onvolmaakt (Dutch), vajavainen (Finnish), epätäydellinen (Finnish), imperfecto [masculine] (Galician), unvollkommen (German), mangelhaft (German), unvollständig (German), fehlerhaft (German), ατελής (atelís) [feminine, masculine] (Greek), ελλιπής (ellipís) [feminine, masculine] (Greek), πλημμελής (plimmelís) [feminine, masculine] (Greek), ελαττωματικός (elattomatikós) [masculine] (Greek), לֹא מוּשְלָם (lo mushlám) (Hebrew), tökéletlen (Hungarian), tidak sempurna (Indonesian), anfhoirfe (Irish), imperfetto [masculine] (Italian), imperfetta [feminine] (Italian), 不完全な (fukanzen na) (Japanese), ខ្ចោះ (kcɑh) (Khmer), imperfectus (Latin), takarepa (Maori), nawe (Maori), kōkau (Maori), tōrōkiri (Maori), unfulfremed (Old English), onvollkomen (Plautdietsch), niedoskonały (Polish), imperfeito (Portuguese), imperfect [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), несоверше́нный (nesoveršénnyj) (Russian), imperfecto (Spanish), balhag (Tagalog), dihimpit (Tagalog), недоскона́лий (nedoskonályj) (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-adj-0UTo35ot Disambiguation of Tenses: 13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2 Categories (other): English terms prefixed with im-, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Asturian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Khmer translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Walloon translations Disambiguation of English terms prefixed with im-: 13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Asturian translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Khmer translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 31 8 21 5 12 5 12 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 32 9 24 5 11 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Tagalog translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Walloon translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of 'not perfect': 91 8 1 0 0
  2. (botany) unisexual: having either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil) flowers, but not with both. Categories (topical): Botany
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-adj-ME9~ieY9 Categories (other): Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Old English translations Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2 Topics: biology, botany, natural-sciences
  3. (taxonomy) known or expected to be polyphyletic, as of a form taxon. Categories (topical): Taxonomy, Tenses
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-adj-nHQDLw5R Disambiguation of Tenses: 13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with language name categories using raw markup, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English heteronyms, English terms prefixed with im-, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Asturian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Esperanto translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Khmer translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Walloon translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 23 13 32 3 12 2 13 1 Disambiguation of English entries with language name categories using raw markup: 21 14 30 4 13 2 14 2 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 19 15 28 5 14 3 15 2 Disambiguation of English heteronyms: 18 11 30 3 13 5 15 4 Disambiguation of English terms prefixed with im-: 13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 16 13 24 9 14 6 15 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Asturian translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 19 9 29 4 12 6 14 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Esperanto translations: 24 9 31 3 11 5 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 15 13 25 7 14 5 16 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Khmer translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 24 9 30 3 11 5 13 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 25 8 32 3 11 5 12 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Tagalog translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Walloon translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Topics: biology, natural-sciences, taxonomy
  4. (obsolete) lacking some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity. Tags: obsolete
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-adj-MkyR03KT
  5. (grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous Categories (topical): Grammar, Tenses Translations ((grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous): E pakryer (Albanian), παρατατικός (paratatikós) (Ancient Greek), imperfekta [singular] (Esperanto), לֹא נִשְׁלָם (lo nishlám) (Hebrew), folyamatos (Hungarian), befejezetlen (Hungarian), imperfectus (Latin), nesavršen (Serbo-Croatian), durant [masculine] (Walloon)
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-adj-0nWS0KGX Disambiguation of Tenses: 13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2 Categories (other): English terms prefixed with im-, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Asturian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Khmer translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Walloon translations Disambiguation of English terms prefixed with im-: 13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Asturian translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Khmer translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Tagalog translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Walloon translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of '(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous': 4 4 5 3 84
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: imperfect fungi, imperfect indicative, imperfect rhyme, imperfect subjunctive, imperfect tense, past imperfect tense, present imperfect Related terms: imperfection

Noun

IPA: /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/ [verb] Audio: en-us-imperfect.ogg , LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav Forms: imperfects [plural]
Etymology: From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|imperfit}} Middle English imperfit, {{der|en|fro|imparfit}} Old French imparfit, {{cog|fr|imparfait}} French imparfait, {{der|en|la|imperfectus}} Latin imperfectus, {{pre|en|im|perfect}} im- + perfect Head templates: {{en-noun}} imperfect (plural imperfects)
  1. something having a minor flaw Translations (something having a minor flaw): sekunda (Finnish), υποτυπώδης (ypotypódis) [masculine] (Greek)
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-noun-VGwsdyk7 Disambiguation of 'something having a minor flaw': 98 2
  2. (grammar) a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous Categories (topical): Grammar, Tenses Synonyms: preterimperfect Translations (past tense): E pakryer (Albanian), παρατατικός (paratatikós) [masculine] (Ancient Greek), ناقص-غير كامل (Arabic), անկատար (ankatar) (Armenian), ми́нало несвърше́но вре́ме (mínalo nesvǎršéno vréme) [neuter] (Bulgarian), имперфе́кт (imperfékt) [masculine] (Bulgarian), и́мперфект (ímperfekt) [masculine] (Bulgarian), imperfet [masculine] (Catalan), onvoltooid verleden tijd [masculine] (Dutch), imperfekto (Esperanto), imperfekti (Finnish), imparfait [masculine] (French), imperfecto [masculine] (Galician), Imperfekt [neuter] (German), Imperfektum [neuter] (German), παρατατικός (paratatikós) [masculine] (Greek), עָבָר לֹא מֻגְמָר (‘avár lo mugmár) [masculine] (Hebrew), imperfektum (Hungarian), folyamatos múlt (Hungarian), elbeszélő múlt (Hungarian), imperfetto [masculine] (Italian), tempus praeteritum imperfectum [neuter] (Latin), tempus imperfectum [neuter] (Latin), praeteritum imperfectum [neuter] (Latin), imperfectum [neuter] (Latin), ناقص (nâqes) (Persian), imperfeito [masculine] (Portuguese), imperfect [neuter] (Romanian), имперфе́кт (imperfékt) [masculine] (Russian), несоверше́нное вре́мя (nesoveršénnoje vrémja) [neuter] (Russian), imperfecto [masculine] (Spanish), imperfekt (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-noun-EwzpRtKQ Disambiguation of Tenses: 13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2 Categories (other): English terms prefixed with im-, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Asturian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Khmer translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Walloon translations Disambiguation of English terms prefixed with im-: 13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Asturian translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Khmer translations: 24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Tagalog translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Walloon translations: 22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'past tense': 6 94
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: imperfective

Verb

IPA: /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/ [adjective, noun], /ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/ [verb] Audio: en-us-imperfect.ogg , LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav Forms: imperfects [present, singular, third-person], imperfecting [participle, present], imperfected [participle, past], imperfected [past]
Etymology: From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect. Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|imperfit}} Middle English imperfit, {{der|en|fro|imparfit}} Old French imparfit, {{cog|fr|imparfait}} French imparfait, {{der|en|la|imperfectus}} Latin imperfectus, {{pre|en|im|perfect}} im- + perfect Head templates: {{en-verb}} imperfect (third-person singular simple present imperfects, present participle imperfecting, simple past and past participle imperfected)
  1. (transitive) to make imperfect Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-imperfect-en-verb-QeSUIbfT

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for imperfect meaning in English (40.8kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect fungi"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect indicative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect rhyme"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect subjunctive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "past imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "present imperfect"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more imperfect",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most imperfect",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (comparative more imperfect, superlative most imperfect)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperfection"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "faultless"
        },
        {
          "word": "infallible"
        },
        {
          "word": "perfect"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms prefixed with im-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Asturian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hebrew translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Khmer translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 8 21 5 12 5 12 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "32 9 24 5 11 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tagalog translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Walloon translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Tenses",
          "orig": "en:Tenses",
          "parents": [
            "Grammar",
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not perfect"
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-adj-0UTo35ot",
      "links": [
        [
          "perfect",
          "perfect"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "defective"
        },
        {
          "word": "fallible"
        },
        {
          "word": "faultful"
        },
        {
          "word": "faulty"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfeutu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "qeyri-kamil"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "nezavǎršen",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "незавършен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "nesǎvǎršen",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "несъвършен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfecte"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "nedokonalý"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfect"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "onvolmaakt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "vajavainen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "epätäydellinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfecto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "unvollkommen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "mangelhaft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "unvollständig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "fehlerhaft"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "atelís",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ατελής"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "ellipís",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ελλιπής"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "plimmelís",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "feminine",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "πλημμελής"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "elattomatikós",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ελαττωματικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "lo mushlám",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "לֹא מוּשְלָם"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "tökéletlen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "tidak sempurna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "anfhoirfe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfetto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfetta"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "fukanzen na",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "不完全な"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "kcɑh",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "ខ្ចោះ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfectus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "takarepa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "nawe"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "kōkau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "tōrōkiri"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "unfulfremed"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "pdt",
          "lang": "Plautdietsch",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "onvollkomen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "niedoskonały"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfeito"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "imperfect"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesoveršénnyj",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "несоверше́нный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "imperfecto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "balhag"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "dihimpit"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "91 8 1 0 0",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "nedoskonályj",
          "sense": "not perfect",
          "word": "недоскона́лий"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "perfect"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Botany",
          "orig": "en:Botany",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2",
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          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
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          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "unisexual: having either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil) flowers, but not with both."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-adj-ME9~ieY9",
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "unisexual",
          "unisexual"
        ],
        [
          "stamen",
          "stamen"
        ],
        [
          "pistil",
          "pistil"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) unisexual: having either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil) flowers, but not with both."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Taxonomy",
          "orig": "en:Taxonomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Evolutionary theory",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 13 32 3 12 2 13 1",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 14 30 4 13 2 14 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 15 28 5 14 3 15 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 11 30 3 13 5 15 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English heteronyms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms prefixed with im-",
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
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        {
          "_dis": "16 13 24 9 14 6 15 3",
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
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          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
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          "_dis": "29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
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          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
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        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3",
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          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
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          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
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          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "25 8 32 3 11 5 12 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tagalog translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Walloon translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Tenses",
          "orig": "en:Tenses",
          "parents": [
            "Grammar",
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "known or expected to be polyphyletic, as of a form taxon."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-adj-nHQDLw5R",
      "links": [
        [
          "taxonomy",
          "taxonomy"
        ],
        [
          "polyphyletic",
          "polyphyletic"
        ],
        [
          "form taxon",
          "form taxon"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(taxonomy) known or expected to be polyphyletic, as of a form taxon."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "taxonomy"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "lacking some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-adj-MkyR03KT",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) lacking some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms prefixed with im-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Asturian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hebrew translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Khmer translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tagalog translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Walloon translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Tenses",
          "orig": "en:Tenses",
          "parents": [
            "Grammar",
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-adj-0nWS0KGX",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "E pakryer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "tags": [
            "singular"
          ],
          "word": "imperfekta"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "paratatikós",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "παρατατικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "lo nishlám",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "לֹא נִשְׁלָם"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "folyamatos"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "befejezetlen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "imperfectus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "word": "nesavršen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 4 5 3 84",
          "code": "wa",
          "lang": "Walloon",
          "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "durant"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "imperfective"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfects",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (plural imperfects)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "something having a minor flaw"
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-noun-VGwsdyk7",
      "links": [
        [
          "minor",
          "minor"
        ],
        [
          "flaw",
          "flaw"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "something having a minor flaw",
          "word": "sekunda"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "ypotypódis",
          "sense": "something having a minor flaw",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "υποτυπώδης"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 9 20 7 16 10 17 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms prefixed with im-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Asturian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 19 22 5 11 4 11 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "26 9 28 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 8 25 4 12 6 14 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 9 26 5 12 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 10 27 5 11 6 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hebrew translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 13 24 8 13 4 14 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 10 27 5 13 5 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Khmer translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 11 19 4 19 2 21 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 25 5 12 6 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "31 4 30 1 14 2 16 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "29 8 28 3 11 5 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "28 9 26 5 12 5 12 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 5 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tagalog translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 10 27 5 13 6 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Walloon translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 8 15 4 28 2 30 2",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Tenses",
          "orig": "en:Tenses",
          "parents": [
            "Grammar",
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-noun-EwzpRtKQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "tense",
          "tense"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verbs"
        ],
        [
          "describing",
          "describing"
        ],
        [
          "past",
          "past"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ],
        [
          "incomplete",
          "incomplete"
        ],
        [
          "continuous",
          "continuous"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "preterimperfect"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "E pakryer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "ناقص-غير كامل"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "ankatar",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "անկատար"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "mínalo nesvǎršéno vréme",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "ми́нало несвърше́но вре́ме"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "imperfékt",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "имперфе́кт"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "ímperfekt",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "и́мперфект"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "onvoltooid verleden tijd"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "imperfekto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "imperfekti"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imparfait"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfecto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Imperfekt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Imperfektum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "paratatikós",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "παρατατικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "paratatikós",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "παρατατικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "‘avár lo mugmár",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "עָבָר לֹא מֻגְמָר"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "imperfektum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "folyamatos múlt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "elbeszélő múlt"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfetto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus praeteritum imperfectum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "tempus imperfectum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "praeteritum imperfectum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "imperfectum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "nâqes",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "ناقص"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfeito"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "imperfect"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "imperfékt",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "имперфе́кт"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "nesoveršénnoje vrémja",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "несоверше́нное вре́мя"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperfecto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "6 94",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "past tense",
          "word": "imperfekt"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg"
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    {
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      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.mp3",
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  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfects",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfecting",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfected",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfected",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (third-person singular simple present imperfects, present participle imperfecting, simple past and past participle imperfected)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "1651, John Donne, Letter to Henry Goodere, in Letters to Severall Persons of Honour, edited by Charles Edmund Merrill, Jr., New York: Sturgis & Walton, 1910,\nI write to you from the Spring Garden, whither I withdrew my self to think of this; and the intensenesse of my thinking ends in this, that by my help Gods work should be imperfected, if by any means I resisted the amasement."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1716, Thomas Browne, edited by Samuel Johnson, Christian Morals, 2nd edition, London: J. Payne, published 1756, Part I, p. 43",
          "text": "Time, which perfects some things, imperfects also others.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1962, Alec Harman, Wilfrid Mellers, Man and His Music: The Story of Musical Experience in the West, Oxford University Press, Part I, Chapter 5, p. 126",
          "text": "[…] such was their desire for greater rhythmic freedom that composers began to use red notes as well. […] Their value was […] restricted at first, for redness implies the imperfecting of a note which is perfect if black […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to make imperfect"
      ],
      "id": "en-imperfect-en-verb-QeSUIbfT",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to make imperfect"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg"
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    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.mp3",
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    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms prefixed with im-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Asturian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Khmer translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tagalog translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Walloon translations",
    "en:Tenses"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "imperfect fungi"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperfect indicative"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperfect rhyme"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperfect subjunctive"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "past imperfect tense"
    },
    {
      "word": "present imperfect"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more imperfect",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most imperfect",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (comparative more imperfect, superlative most imperfect)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "imperfection"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "faultless"
        },
        {
          "word": "infallible"
        },
        {
          "word": "perfect"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not perfect"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "perfect",
          "perfect"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "defective"
        },
        {
          "word": "fallible"
        },
        {
          "word": "faultful"
        },
        {
          "word": "faulty"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "perfect"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "en:Botany"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "unisexual: having either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil) flowers, but not with both."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "botany",
          "botany"
        ],
        [
          "unisexual",
          "unisexual"
        ],
        [
          "stamen",
          "stamen"
        ],
        [
          "pistil",
          "pistil"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(botany) unisexual: having either male (with stamens) or female (with pistil) flowers, but not with both."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "botany",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Taxonomy"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "known or expected to be polyphyletic, as of a form taxon."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "taxonomy",
          "taxonomy"
        ],
        [
          "polyphyletic",
          "polyphyletic"
        ],
        [
          "form taxon",
          "form taxon"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(taxonomy) known or expected to be polyphyletic, as of a form taxon."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "biology",
        "natural-sciences",
        "taxonomy"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "lacking some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) lacking some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
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    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfeutu"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "qeyri-kamil"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "nezavǎršen",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "незавършен"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "nesǎvǎršen",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "несъвършен"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfecte"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "nedokonalý"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfect"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "onvolmaakt"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "vajavainen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "epätäydellinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfecto"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "unvollkommen"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "mangelhaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "unvollständig"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "fehlerhaft"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "atelís",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ατελής"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ellipís",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ελλιπής"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "plimmelís",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "πλημμελής"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "elattomatikós",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ελαττωματικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "lo mushlám",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "לֹא מוּשְלָם"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "tökéletlen"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "tidak sempurna"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "anfhoirfe"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfetto"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfetta"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "fukanzen na",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "不完全な"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "kcɑh",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "ខ្ចោះ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfectus"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "takarepa"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "nawe"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "kōkau"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "tōrōkiri"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "unfulfremed"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdt",
      "lang": "Plautdietsch",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "onvollkomen"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "niedoskonały"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfeito"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "imperfect"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesoveršénnyj",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "несоверше́нный"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "imperfecto"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "balhag"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "dihimpit"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "nedoskonályj",
      "sense": "not perfect",
      "word": "недоскона́лий"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "E pakryer"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "tags": [
        "singular"
      ],
      "word": "imperfekta"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "paratatikós",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "παρατατικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "lo nishlám",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "לֹא נִשְׁלָם"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "folyamatos"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "befejezetlen"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "imperfectus"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "word": "nesavršen"
    },
    {
      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "(grammar) belonging to a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "durant"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms prefixed with im-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Asturian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Khmer translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tagalog translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Walloon translations",
    "en:Tenses"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "imperfective"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfects",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (plural imperfects)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "something having a minor flaw"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "minor",
          "minor"
        ],
        [
          "flaw",
          "flaw"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "tense",
          "tense"
        ],
        [
          "verbs",
          "verbs"
        ],
        [
          "describing",
          "describing"
        ],
        [
          "past",
          "past"
        ],
        [
          "action",
          "action"
        ],
        [
          "incomplete",
          "incomplete"
        ],
        [
          "continuous",
          "continuous"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) a tense of verbs used in describing a past action that is incomplete or continuous"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "preterimperfect"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "something having a minor flaw",
      "word": "sekunda"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ypotypódis",
      "sense": "something having a minor flaw",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "υποτυπώδης"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "E pakryer"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "ناقص-غير كامل"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "ankatar",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "անկատար"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "mínalo nesvǎršéno vréme",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "ми́нало несвърше́но вре́ме"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "imperfékt",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "имперфе́кт"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "ímperfekt",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "и́мперфект"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfet"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "onvoltooid verleden tijd"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "imperfekto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "imperfekti"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imparfait"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfecto"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Imperfekt"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Imperfektum"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "paratatikós",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "παρατατικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "paratatikós",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "παρατατικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "‘avár lo mugmár",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "עָבָר לֹא מֻגְמָר"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "imperfektum"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "folyamatos múlt"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "elbeszélő múlt"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfetto"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus praeteritum imperfectum"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "tempus imperfectum"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "praeteritum imperfectum"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "imperfectum"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "nâqes",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "ناقص"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfeito"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "imperfect"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "imperfékt",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "имперфе́кт"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "nesoveršénnoje vrémja",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "несоверше́нное вре́мя"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperfecto"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "past tense",
      "word": "imperfekt"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 3-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English heteronyms",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms prefixed with im-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English verbs",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Asturian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Khmer translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tagalog translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Walloon translations",
    "en:Tenses"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "imperfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English imperfit",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "imparfit"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French imparfit",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "imparfait"
      },
      "expansion": "French imparfait",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperfectus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperfectus",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "im",
        "3": "perfect"
      },
      "expansion": "im- + perfect",
      "name": "pre"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English imperfit, from Old French imparfit (modern French imparfait), from Latin imperfectus. Spelling modified 15c. to conform Latin etymology. See im- + perfect.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperfects",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfecting",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfected",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "imperfected",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperfect (third-person singular simple present imperfects, present participle imperfecting, simple past and past participle imperfected)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "1651, John Donne, Letter to Henry Goodere, in Letters to Severall Persons of Honour, edited by Charles Edmund Merrill, Jr., New York: Sturgis & Walton, 1910,\nI write to you from the Spring Garden, whither I withdrew my self to think of this; and the intensenesse of my thinking ends in this, that by my help Gods work should be imperfected, if by any means I resisted the amasement."
        },
        {
          "ref": "1716, Thomas Browne, edited by Samuel Johnson, Christian Morals, 2nd edition, London: J. Payne, published 1756, Part I, p. 43",
          "text": "Time, which perfects some things, imperfects also others.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1962, Alec Harman, Wilfrid Mellers, Man and His Music: The Story of Musical Experience in the West, Oxford University Press, Part I, Chapter 5, p. 126",
          "text": "[…] such was their desire for greater rhythmic freedom that composers began to use red notes as well. […] Their value was […] restricted at first, for redness implies the imperfecting of a note which is perfect if black […]",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to make imperfect"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) to make imperfect"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɪkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɜː(ɹ)fɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "adjective",
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmpə(ɹ)ˈfɛkt/",
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-imperfect.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg/En-us-imperfect.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/En-us-imperfect.ogg"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/49/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperfect.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperfect"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-20 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (2f2df25 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.