"refer" meaning in English

See refer in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈɹiːfə/ [UK], /ˈɹiːfɝ/ [US] Audio: En-au-reefer.ogg Forms: refers [plural]
Rhymes: -iːfə(ɹ) Etymology: Conversion of refer (noun) Etymology templates: {{conversion|en|refer|pos=noun}} Conversion of refer (noun) Head templates: {{en-noun}} refer (plural refers)
  1. (journalism) A blurb on the front page of a newspaper issue or section that refers the reader to the full story inside the issue or section by listing its slug or headline and its page number. Categories (topical): Mass media
    Sense id: en-refer-en-noun-0q8LBkkE Categories (other): English conversions, English entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of English conversions: 32 6 7 6 10 8 8 13 6 4 Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 43 2 7 6 7 3 9 17 2 2 Topics: journalism, media
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Verb

IPA: /ɹɪˈfɜː/, /ɹɪˈfɝ/ Audio: en-us-refer.ogg Forms: refers [present, singular, third-person], referring [participle, present], referred [participle, past], referred [past]
enPR: rī-fû, rī-fûr Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ) Etymology: From Middle English referren, from Old French referer, from Latin referre. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*bʰer-}}, {{inh|en|enm|referren}} Middle English referren, {{der|en|fro|referer}} Old French referer, {{der|en|la|referre}} Latin referre Head templates: {{en-verb|++}} refer (third-person singular simple present refers, present participle referring, simple past and past participle referred)
  1. (transitive) To direct the attention of (someone toward something) Tags: transitive Translations (to direct the attention of): позовавам се (pozovavam se) (Bulgarian), verwijzen (Dutch), ohjata (Finnish), αναφέρω (anaféro) (Greek), mengarahkan (Indonesian), hänvisa (english: till) (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb--iuFeVqV Disambiguation of 'to direct the attention of': 47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1
  2. (transitive) To submit to (another person or group) for consideration; to send or direct elsewhere. Tags: transitive Translations (to submit to an authority figure for consideration): verwijzen (Dutch), ohjata (Finnish), neuvoa (Finnish), παραπέμπω (parapémpo) (Greek), fare capo (Italian), pare (Maori), deferren (Middle English), skierować [perfective] (Polish), odesłać [perfective] (Polish), encaminhar (Portuguese), remeter (Portuguese), hänvisa (english: till) (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-V8Ga39CY Categories (other): Terms with Czech translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Portuguese translations Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 5 25 13 16 7 10 12 5 7 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 6 28 9 16 8 9 11 6 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations: 5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Persian translations: 6 28 10 16 8 9 11 6 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 6 28 9 16 8 9 11 6 8 Disambiguation of 'to submit to an authority figure for consideration': 8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1
  3. (transitive) To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation. Tags: transitive Translations (to direct to a source for help or information): أَشَارَ (ʔašāra) (Arabic), كَيْشِيرْ (kayšir) [Moroccan-Arabic] (Arabic), كَيْنْعَّتْ (kaynʕāt) [Moroccan-Arabic] (Arabic), отпращам (otpraštam) (Bulgarian), обръщам се (obrǎštam se) (Bulgarian), referir (Catalan), 談到 (Chinese Mandarin), 谈到 (tándào) (Chinese Mandarin), odkázat (Czech), henvise (Danish), verwijzen (Dutch), doorverwijzen (Dutch), ohjata (Finnish), neuvoa (Finnish), référer (French), referir (Galician), verweisen (German), παραπέμπω (parapémpo) (Greek), riferire (Italian), 問い合わせる (toiawaseru) (alt: といあわせる) (Japanese), 언급하다 (eon'geuphada) (Korean), ارجاعیدن (Persian), skierować [perfective] (Polish), encaminhar (Portuguese), ссыла́ться (ssylátʹsja) [imperfective] (Russian), сосла́ться (soslátʹsja) [perfective] (Russian), относи́ть (otnosítʹ) [imperfective] (Russian), отнести́ (otnestí) [perfective] (Russian), referir (Spanish), hänvisa (english: till) (Swedish), referera (english: till) (Swedish), посила́тися (posylátysja) [imperfective] (Ukrainian), посла́тися (poslátysja) [perfective] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-Jxc8jrWz Categories (other): Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Russian translations Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 8 7 21 16 11 10 11 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of 'to direct to a source for help or information': 15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2
  4. (intransitive) To mention (something); to direct attention (to something) Tags: intransitive
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-bgZK0v0D Categories (other): Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Esperanto translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations, Terms with Norwegian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 7 7 11 24 9 11 13 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Esperanto translations: 8 8 9 20 12 10 16 8 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations: 5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11
  5. (intransitive, stative) To make reference to; to be about; to relate to; to regard; to allude to. Tags: intransitive, stative Translations (to allude to (grammar term)): ἀποδίδωμι (apodídōmi) (Ancient Greek), приписвам (pripisvam) (Bulgarian), henvise (Danish), referere (Danish), verwijzen (Dutch), rilati (Esperanto), viitata (Finnish), renvoyer (à) (French), sich auf etwas beziehen (German), hivatkozik (Hungarian), vonatkozik (Hungarian), odnosić się [imperfective] (Polish), referir (Portuguese), mencionar (Portuguese), referirse (Spanish), estar relacionado (Spanish), syfta (Swedish)
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-SFBHL5wL Categories (other): Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of 'to allude to (grammar term)': 0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4
  6. (grammar) To be referential to another element in a sentence. Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-oxmdXYhs Categories (other): Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations: 5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  7. (intransitive, programming) To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object. [+ to (object)] Tags: intransitive Categories (topical): Programming
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-inS9OwuP Categories (other): Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Middle English translations, Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Spanish translations Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 6 11 14 9 10 13 24 7 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Middle English translations: 8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8 Disambiguation of Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations: 5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9 Topics: computing, engineering, mathematics, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, programming, sciences
  8. (transitive, education) To require to resit an examination. Tags: transitive Categories (topical): Education
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-4UJCsmjk Categories (other): Terms with Dutch translations Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10 Topics: education
  9. (intransitive, of a term or name) To have the meaning of, to denote. Tags: intransitive
    Sense id: en-refer-en-verb-JtqlZC0K Categories (other): Terms with Danish translations, Terms with German translations Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: delegate, direct Derived forms: cross-refer, refer to, refer someone to Related terms: reference, referral, relate, relative, relation, relationship
Etymology number: 1

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for refer meaning in English (31.7kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "cross-refer"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "refer to"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "refer someone to"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰer-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "referren"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English referren",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "referer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French referer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "referre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin referre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English referren, from Old French referer, from Latin referre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "refers",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referring",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referred",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referred",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "++"
      },
      "expansion": "refer (third-person singular simple present refers, present participle referring, simple past and past participle referred)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "re‧fer"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "reference"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "referral"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "relate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "relative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "relation"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "relationship"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The shop assistant referred me to the help desk on ground floor.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To direct the attention of (someone toward something)"
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb--iuFeVqV",
      "links": [
        [
          "attention",
          "attention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To direct the attention of (someone toward something)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pozovavam se",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "позовавам се"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "verwijzen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "ohjata"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "anaféro",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "αναφέρω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "mengarahkan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "47 11 2 28 11 0 0 0 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "english": "till",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to direct the attention of",
          "word": "hänvisa"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "5 25 13 16 7 10 12 5 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 28 9 16 8 9 11 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 28 10 16 8 9 11 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Persian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 28 9 16 8 9 11 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He referred the matter to the principal.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "to refer a patient to a psychiatrist",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To submit to (another person or group) for consideration; to send or direct elsewhere."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-V8Ga39CY",
      "links": [
        [
          "submit",
          "submit"
        ],
        [
          "person",
          "person"
        ],
        [
          "group",
          "group"
        ],
        [
          "consideration",
          "consideration"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To submit to (another person or group) for consideration; to send or direct elsewhere."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "verwijzen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "ohjata"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "neuvoa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "parapémpo",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "παραπέμπω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "fare capo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "pare"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "enm",
          "lang": "Middle English",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "deferren"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "skierować"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "odesłać"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "encaminhar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "remeter"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "8 55 7 11 12 2 3 1 1",
          "code": "sv",
          "english": "till",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
          "word": "hänvisa"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 21 16 11 10 11 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-Jxc8jrWz",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ʔašāra",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "أَشَارَ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ary",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "kayšir",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "Moroccan-Arabic"
          ],
          "word": "كَيْشِيرْ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ary",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "kaynʕāt",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "Moroccan-Arabic"
          ],
          "word": "كَيْنْعَّتْ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "otpraštam",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "отпращам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "obrǎštam se",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "обръщам се"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "referir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "談到"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "tándào",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "谈到"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "odkázat"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "henvise"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "verwijzen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "doorverwijzen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "ohjata"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "neuvoa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "référer"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "referir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "verweisen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "parapémpo",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "παραπέμπω"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "riferire"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "alt": "といあわせる",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "toiawaseru",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "問い合わせる"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "eon'geuphada",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "언급하다"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "ارجاعیدن"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "skierować"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "encaminhar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "ssylátʹsja",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "ссыла́ться"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "soslátʹsja",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "сосла́ться"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "otnosítʹ",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "относи́ть"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "otnestí",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "отнести́"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "referir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "english": "till",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "hänvisa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "sv",
          "english": "till",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "word": "referera"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "posylátysja",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "посила́тися"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "15 8 44 14 4 3 8 2 2",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "poslátysja",
          "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
          "tags": [
            "perfective"
          ],
          "word": "посла́тися"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 24 9 11 13 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 8 9 20 12 10 16 8 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Esperanto translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 7 11 21 10 12 14 7 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "To explain the problem, the teacher referred to an example in another textbook.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To mention (something); to direct attention (to something)"
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-bgZK0v0D",
      "links": [
        [
          "mention",
          "mention"
        ],
        [
          "attention",
          "attention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) To mention (something); to direct attention (to something)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The recipe referred to several unusual ingredients.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To make reference to; to be about; to relate to; to regard; to allude to."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-SFBHL5wL",
      "links": [
        [
          "reference",
          "reference"
        ],
        [
          "about",
          "about"
        ],
        [
          "relate",
          "relate"
        ],
        [
          "regard",
          "regard"
        ],
        [
          "allude",
          "allude"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, stative) To make reference to; to be about; to relate to; to regard; to allude to."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "stative"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "apodídōmi",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "ἀποδίδωμι"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "pripisvam",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "приписвам"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "henvise"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "referere"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "verwijzen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "rilati"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "viitata"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "renvoyer (à)"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "sich auf etwas beziehen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "hivatkozik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "vonatkozik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "tags": [
            "imperfective"
          ],
          "word": "odnosić się"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "referir"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "mencionar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "referirse"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "estar relacionado"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "0 4 7 9 42 23 9 2 4",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
          "word": "syfta"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To be referential to another element in a sentence."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-oxmdXYhs",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "referential",
          "referential"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) To be referential to another element in a sentence."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Programming",
          "orig": "en:Programming",
          "parents": [
            "Computing",
            "Software engineering",
            "Technology",
            "Computer science",
            "Engineering",
            "Software",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Applied sciences",
            "Media",
            "Fundamental",
            "Communication"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 9 13 18 8 12 21 6 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 11 11 11 14 11 13 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 11 14 9 10 13 24 7 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 23 12 12 5 11 23 4 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 8 13 18 8 14 18 6 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "8 11 9 14 13 11 17 9 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Middle English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 23 7 19 6 11 18 5 7",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 13 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 10 12 14 11 15 10 9",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "In C, the pointer obtained by &a refers to the variable a.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010 September 12, Ajay Mittal, Programming In C: A Practical Approach, Pearson Education India, →OCLC, page 201",
          "text": "Hence, the precise number of bytes to which the pointer refers to is not known. The compiler must know the number of bytes to which a pointer refers to in order to apply dereference operation",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object. [+ to (object)]",
        "To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-inS9OwuP",
      "links": [
        [
          "programming",
          "programming#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "point",
          "point"
        ],
        [
          "location",
          "location"
        ],
        [
          "memory",
          "memory"
        ],
        [
          "object",
          "object"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, programming) To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object. [+ to (object)]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "programming",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Education",
          "orig": "en:Education",
          "parents": [
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 10 11 12 15 11 13 10 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Smith's marks in the finals were unsatisfactory and he was referred.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To require to resit an examination."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-4UJCsmjk",
      "links": [
        [
          "education",
          "education"
        ],
        [
          "require",
          "require"
        ],
        [
          "resit",
          "resit"
        ],
        [
          "examination",
          "examination"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, education) To require to resit an examination."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "education"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "7 7 11 20 9 12 17 7 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 9 12 12 12 12 15 9 10",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The nickname \"Big Apple\" refers to the city of New York.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "In programming, a \"memory leak\" refers to a situation where memory is or stays unnecessarily allocated.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To have the meaning of, to denote."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-verb-JtqlZC0K",
      "links": [
        [
          "denote",
          "denote"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, of a term or name) To have the meaning of, to denote."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of a term or name"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɪˈfɜː/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɪˈfɝ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɜː(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-refer.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b6/En-us-refer.ogg/En-us-refer.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/En-us-refer.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rī-fû"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rī-fûr"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "delegate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "direct"
    }
  ],
  "word": "refer"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "refer",
        "pos": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "Conversion of refer (noun)",
      "name": "conversion"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Conversion of refer (noun)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "refers",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "refer (plural refers)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Mass media",
          "orig": "en:Mass media",
          "parents": [
            "Culture",
            "Media",
            "Society",
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "32 6 7 6 10 8 8 13 6 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English conversions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "43 2 7 6 7 3 9 17 2 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2015 August 5, “Corrections”, in The Herald-News, Joliet, Illinois: Shaw Media, via Issuu, page 2",
          "text": "A refer on page 1 of the Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2015, edition of The Herald-News contained incorrect information about the story “Neighbors at odds over Joliet liquor license” that appeared on Page 4 of the same edition.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2017 May 12, Amanda May Aruani, “Letter from the Editor”, in The Arts Paper, New Haven, Connecticut: The Arts Council of Greater New Haven, via Issuu, page 3",
          "text": "Looking at the refers on page 2, it's obvious that May became something of an accidental women's issue.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2021 September 10, Ralph Blumenthal, “A Time Capsule in Two Front Pages”, in The New York Times, New York City",
          "text": "The paper of Sept. 11 was not without its alarms. On Page One, an ominous “refer” (pronounced reefer) to an article inside the paper: Palestinian snipers had killed two Israelis, bringing a retaliatory shelling by Israeli tanks. On A3: A suicide bomber had killed two police officers in Istanbul.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A blurb on the front page of a newspaper issue or section that refers the reader to the full story inside the issue or section by listing its slug or headline and its page number."
      ],
      "id": "en-refer-en-noun-0q8LBkkE",
      "links": [
        [
          "journalism",
          "journalism"
        ],
        [
          "blurb",
          "blurb"
        ],
        [
          "front page",
          "front page"
        ],
        [
          "slug",
          "slug"
        ],
        [
          "headline",
          "headline"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(journalism) A blurb on the front page of a newspaper issue or section that refers the reader to the full story inside the issue or section by listing its slug or headline and its page number."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "journalism",
        "media"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɹiːfə/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɹiːfɝ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reefer"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːfə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-au-reefer.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e5/En-au-reefer.ogg/En-au-reefer.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e5/En-au-reefer.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "refer"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English conversions",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English palindromes",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Old French",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *bʰer-",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "English verbs",
    "Requests for review of Dutch translations",
    "Requests for review of French translations",
    "Requests for review of Norwegian translations",
    "Rhymes:English/iːfə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/iːfə(ɹ)/2 syllables",
    "Rhymes:English/ɜː(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/ɜː(ɹ)/2 syllables",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Middle English translations",
    "Terms with Moroccan Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian translations",
    "Terms with Persian translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "cross-refer"
    },
    {
      "word": "refer to"
    },
    {
      "word": "refer someone to"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰer-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "referren"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English referren",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "referer"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French referer",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "referre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin referre",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle English referren, from Old French referer, from Latin referre.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "refers",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referring",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referred",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "referred",
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "++"
      },
      "expansion": "refer (third-person singular simple present refers, present participle referring, simple past and past participle referred)",
      "name": "en-verb"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "re‧fer"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "reference"
    },
    {
      "word": "referral"
    },
    {
      "word": "relate"
    },
    {
      "word": "relative"
    },
    {
      "word": "relation"
    },
    {
      "word": "relationship"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The shop assistant referred me to the help desk on ground floor.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To direct the attention of (someone toward something)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "attention",
          "attention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To direct the attention of (someone toward something)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He referred the matter to the principal.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "to refer a patient to a psychiatrist",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To submit to (another person or group) for consideration; to send or direct elsewhere."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "submit",
          "submit"
        ],
        [
          "person",
          "person"
        ],
        [
          "group",
          "group"
        ],
        [
          "consideration",
          "consideration"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To submit to (another person or group) for consideration; to send or direct elsewhere."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "He referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation."
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "To explain the problem, the teacher referred to an example in another textbook.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To mention (something); to direct attention (to something)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "mention",
          "mention"
        ],
        [
          "attention",
          "attention"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) To mention (something); to direct attention (to something)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English stative verbs",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The recipe referred to several unusual ingredients.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To make reference to; to be about; to relate to; to regard; to allude to."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "reference",
          "reference"
        ],
        [
          "about",
          "about"
        ],
        [
          "relate",
          "relate"
        ],
        [
          "regard",
          "regard"
        ],
        [
          "allude",
          "allude"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, stative) To make reference to; to be about; to relate to; to regard; to allude to."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "stative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To be referential to another element in a sentence."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "referential",
          "referential"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) To be referential to another element in a sentence."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Programming"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "In C, the pointer obtained by &a refers to the variable a.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2010 September 12, Ajay Mittal, Programming In C: A Practical Approach, Pearson Education India, →OCLC, page 201",
          "text": "Hence, the precise number of bytes to which the pointer refers to is not known. The compiler must know the number of bytes to which a pointer refers to in order to apply dereference operation",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object. [+ to (object)]",
        "To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "programming",
          "programming#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "point",
          "point"
        ],
        [
          "location",
          "location"
        ],
        [
          "memory",
          "memory"
        ],
        [
          "object",
          "object"
        ],
        [
          "to",
          "to#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, programming) To point to either a specific location in computer memory or to a specific object. [+ to (object)]"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "programming",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English transitive verbs",
        "en:Education"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Smith's marks in the finals were unsatisfactory and he was referred.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To require to resit an examination."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "education",
          "education"
        ],
        [
          "require",
          "require"
        ],
        [
          "resit",
          "resit"
        ],
        [
          "examination",
          "examination"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, education) To require to resit an examination."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "education"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English intransitive verbs",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The nickname \"Big Apple\" refers to the city of New York.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "In programming, a \"memory leak\" refers to a situation where memory is or stays unnecessarily allocated.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "To have the meaning of, to denote."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "denote",
          "denote"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, of a term or name) To have the meaning of, to denote."
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "of a term or name"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɪˈfɜː/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ɹɪˈfɝ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɜː(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-refer.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b6/En-us-refer.ogg/En-us-refer.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b6/En-us-refer.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rī-fû"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "rī-fûr"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "delegate"
    },
    {
      "word": "direct"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ʔašāra",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "أَشَارَ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ary",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "kayšir",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "Moroccan-Arabic"
      ],
      "word": "كَيْشِيرْ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ary",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "kaynʕāt",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "Moroccan-Arabic"
      ],
      "word": "كَيْنْعَّتْ"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "otpraštam",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "отпращам"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "obrǎštam se",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "обръщам се"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "referir"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "談到"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "tándào",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "谈到"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "odkázat"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "henvise"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "verwijzen"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "doorverwijzen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "ohjata"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "neuvoa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "référer"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "referir"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "verweisen"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "parapémpo",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "παραπέμπω"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "riferire"
    },
    {
      "alt": "といあわせる",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "toiawaseru",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "問い合わせる"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "eon'geuphada",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "언급하다"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "ارجاعیدن"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "skierować"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "encaminhar"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "ssylátʹsja",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "ссыла́ться"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "soslátʹsja",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "сосла́ться"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "otnosítʹ",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "относи́ть"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "otnestí",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "отнести́"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "referir"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "english": "till",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "hänvisa"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "english": "till",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "word": "referera"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "posylátysja",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "посила́тися"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "poslátysja",
      "sense": "to direct to a source for help or information",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "посла́тися"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "verwijzen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "ohjata"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "neuvoa"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "parapémpo",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "παραπέμπω"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "fare capo"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "pare"
    },
    {
      "code": "enm",
      "lang": "Middle English",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "deferren"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "skierować"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "odesłać"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "encaminhar"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "remeter"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "english": "till",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to submit to an authority figure for consideration",
      "word": "hänvisa"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pozovavam se",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "позовавам се"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "verwijzen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "ohjata"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "anaféro",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "αναφέρω"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "mengarahkan"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "english": "till",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to direct the attention of",
      "word": "hänvisa"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "apodídōmi",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "ἀποδίδωμι"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "pripisvam",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "приписвам"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "henvise"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "referere"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "verwijzen"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "rilati"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "viitata"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "renvoyer (à)"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "sich auf etwas beziehen"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "hivatkozik"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "vonatkozik"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "odnosić się"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "referir"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "mencionar"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "referirse"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "estar relacionado"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "to allude to (grammar term)",
      "word": "syfta"
    }
  ],
  "word": "refer"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 2-syllable words",
    "English conversions",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English palindromes",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English terms with homophones",
    "Rhymes:English/iːfə(ɹ)",
    "Rhymes:English/iːfə(ɹ)/2 syllables"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "refer",
        "pos": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "Conversion of refer (noun)",
      "name": "conversion"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Conversion of refer (noun)",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "refers",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "refer (plural refers)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Mass media"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2015 August 5, “Corrections”, in The Herald-News, Joliet, Illinois: Shaw Media, via Issuu, page 2",
          "text": "A refer on page 1 of the Tuesday, Aug. 4, 2015, edition of The Herald-News contained incorrect information about the story “Neighbors at odds over Joliet liquor license” that appeared on Page 4 of the same edition.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2017 May 12, Amanda May Aruani, “Letter from the Editor”, in The Arts Paper, New Haven, Connecticut: The Arts Council of Greater New Haven, via Issuu, page 3",
          "text": "Looking at the refers on page 2, it's obvious that May became something of an accidental women's issue.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2021 September 10, Ralph Blumenthal, “A Time Capsule in Two Front Pages”, in The New York Times, New York City",
          "text": "The paper of Sept. 11 was not without its alarms. On Page One, an ominous “refer” (pronounced reefer) to an article inside the paper: Palestinian snipers had killed two Israelis, bringing a retaliatory shelling by Israeli tanks. On A3: A suicide bomber had killed two police officers in Istanbul.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A blurb on the front page of a newspaper issue or section that refers the reader to the full story inside the issue or section by listing its slug or headline and its page number."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "journalism",
          "journalism"
        ],
        [
          "blurb",
          "blurb"
        ],
        [
          "front page",
          "front page"
        ],
        [
          "slug",
          "slug"
        ],
        [
          "headline",
          "headline"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(journalism) A blurb on the front page of a newspaper issue or section that refers the reader to the full story inside the issue or section by listing its slug or headline and its page number."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "journalism",
        "media"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɹiːfə/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈɹiːfɝ/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "homophone": "reefer"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iːfə(ɹ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "En-au-reefer.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/e/e5/En-au-reefer.ogg/En-au-reefer.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e5/En-au-reefer.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "refer"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.