"physics" meaning in English

See physics in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: /ˈfɪz.ɪks/ Audio: en-us-physics.ogg [US]
Etymology: 1580s; from physic (see also -ics), from Middle English phisik, from Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), from Latin physica (“study of nature”), from Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), feminine singular of φυσικός (phusikós, “natural; physical”), from Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), from Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-}}, {{der|en|enm|phisik}} Middle English phisik, {{der|en|fro|fisike||natural science, art of healing}} Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), {{der|en|la|physica||study of nature}} Latin physica (“study of nature”), {{der|en|grc|φυσική}} Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), {{der|en|grc|φύσις||origin; nature, property}} Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), {{der|en|grc|φύω||produce; bear; grow}} Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-||to appear, become, rise up}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”) Head templates: {{en-noun|-}} physics (uncountable)
  1. The branch of science concerned with the study of the properties and interactions of space, time, matter and energy. Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Physics Translations (branch of science): fisika (Afrikaans), fizikë [feminine] (Albanian), ፊዚክስ (fiziks) (Amharic), فِيزِيَاء (fīziyāʔ) [feminine] (Arabic), فِيزِيقَا (fīzīqā) [feminine] (Arabic), فيزيا (fezya) [Egyptian-Arabic, feminine] (Arabic), فيزيا (fīzya) [Hijazi-Arabic, feminine] (Arabic), ֆիզիկա (fizika) (Armenian), física [feminine] (Asturian), fizika (Azerbaijani), fisika (Basque), фі́зіка (fízika) [feminine] (Belarusian), পদার্থবিজ্ঞান (podarthobiggên) (Bengali), পদার্থবিদ্যা (podarthobidda) (Bengali), naturoniezh [feminine] (Breton), фи́зика (fízika) [feminine] (Bulgarian), ရူပဗေဒ (rupa.beda.) (Burmese), фі́зіка (fízika) [feminine] (Carpathian Rusyn), física [feminine] (Catalan), فیزیا (fîzya) (Central Kurdish), فیزیک (fîzîk) (Central Kurdish), 物理學 [Hokkien] (Chinese), 物理学 (bu̍t-lí-ha̍k) [Hokkien] (Chinese), 物理學 (Chinese Cantonese), 物理学 (mat⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶) (Chinese Cantonese), 物理學 (Chinese Mandarin), 物理学 (wùlǐxué) (Chinese Mandarin), fyzika [feminine] (Czech), fysik [common-gender] (Danish), ފީޒިޔާއީ އިލްމު (fīziyāī ilmu) (Dhivehi), natuurkunde [feminine] (Dutch), fysica [feminine] (Dutch), དངོས་ཁམས་རིག་པ (dngos khams rig pa) (Dzongkha), fiziko (Esperanto), füüsika (Estonian), alisfrøði [feminine] (Faroese), fysiikka (Finnish), physique [feminine] (French), física [feminine] (Galician), ფიზიკა (piziḳa) (Georgian), Physik [feminine] (German), φυσική (fysikí) [feminine] (Greek), ભૌતિકવિજ્ઞાન (bhautikvijñān) (Gujarati), ફિઝીક્સ (phijhīks) (Gujarati), fizik (Haitian Creole), 物理學 (Hakka Chinese), 物理学 (vu̍t-lî-ho̍k) (Hakka Chinese), פִֿיזִיקָה (fizika) [feminine] (Hebrew), भौतिक शास्त्र (bhautik śāstra) [masculine] (Hindi), भौतिकी (bhautikī) [feminine] (Hindi), फ़िज़िक्स (fiziks) [masculine, plural] (Hindi), fizika (Hungarian), eðlisfræði [feminine] (Icelandic), fiziko (Ido), fisika (Indonesian), physica [feminine] (Interlingua), fisic [feminine] (Irish), fisica [feminine] (Italian), 物理学 (butsurigaku) (alt: ぶつりがく) (Japanese), ಭೌತಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ (bhautaśāstra) (Kannada), физика (fizika) (Kazakh), រូបសាស្ត្រ (ruuppaʼsaah) (Khmer), រូបវិទ្យា (ruuppaʼvityiə) (Khmer), 물리학 (mullihak) (alt: 物理學) (Korean), 물리 (mulli) (alt: 物理) (Korean), физика (fizika) (Kyrgyz), ວັດຖຸວິທະຍາ (wat thu wi tha nyā) (Lao), ວັດຖຸສາດ (wat thu sāt) (Lao), ຟີຊິກ (fī sik) (Lao), physica [feminine] (Latin), fizika [feminine] (Latvian), fizika [feminine] (Lithuanian), fyzika [feminine] (Lower Sorbian), физика (fizika) [feminine] (Macedonian), fizik (Malay), fiżika [feminine] (Maltese), fishag (Manx), mātai ahupūngao (Maori), भौतिकशास्त्र (bhautikśāstra) [neuter] (Marathi), физик (fizik) (Mongolian), भौतिक शास्त्र (bhautik śāstra) (Nepali), fysikk [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), fysikk [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), fisica [feminine] (Occitan), فزيک (fezík) [masculine] (Pashto), فیزیک (fizik) (Persian), fisiks (Pitcairn-Norfolk), fizyka [feminine] (Polish), física [feminine] (Portuguese), ਭੌਤਿਕ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ (bhautik vigiāna) [masculine] (Punjabi), fizică [feminine] (Romanian), фи́зика (fízika) [feminine] (Russian), pheesics (Scots), физика [Cyrillic, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), fizika [Roman, feminine] (Serbo-Croatian), ပၢႆးႁၢင်ႈ (páai hāang) (Shan), fìsica [feminine] (Sicilian), භෞතික විද්යාව (bhautika widyāwa) (Sinhalese), fyzika [feminine] (Slovak), fizika [feminine] (Slovene), física [feminine] (Spanish), fizikia (Swahili), fysik [common-gender] (Swedish), pisika (Tagalog), liknayan (Tagalog), sugnayan (Tagalog), физика (fizika) (Tajik), பெளதிகம் (peḷatikam) (Tamil), ฟิสิกส์ (fí-sìk) (Thai), དངོས་ཁམས་རིག་པ (dngos khams rig pa) (Tibetan), fizik (Turkish), doğam (doğa kuramı) (Turkish), fizika (Turkmen), фі́зика (fízyka) [feminine] (Ukrainian), طبیعیات (tabī'iyyāt) [feminine] (Urdu), فىزىكا (fizika) (Uyghur), fizika (Uzbek), vật lý học (alt: 物理學) (Vietnamese), füüsiga (Võro), fizike [feminine] (Walloon), ffiseg [feminine] (Welsh), פֿיזיק (fizik) [feminine] (Yiddish)
    Sense id: en-physics-en-noun-zxEmB2vh Disambiguation of Physics: 100 0 0 0 Disambiguation of 'branch of science': 98 2
  2. The physical aspects of a phenomenon or a system, especially those examined or studied scientifically. Tags: uncountable
    Sense id: en-physics-en-noun-GF8S9umR
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: physicks [obsolete], physics Holonyms: science

Noun

IPA: /ˈfɪz.ɪks/ Audio: en-us-physics.ogg [US]
Etymology: 1580s; from physic (see also -ics), from Middle English phisik, from Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), from Latin physica (“study of nature”), from Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), feminine singular of φυσικός (phusikós, “natural; physical”), from Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), from Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-}}, {{der|en|enm|phisik}} Middle English phisik, {{der|en|fro|fisike||natural science, art of healing}} Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), {{der|en|la|physica||study of nature}} Latin physica (“study of nature”), {{der|en|grc|φυσική}} Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), {{der|en|grc|φύσις||origin; nature, property}} Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), {{der|en|grc|φύω||produce; bear; grow}} Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-||to appear, become, rise up}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”) Head templates: {{head|en|noun form}} physics
  1. plural of physic Tags: form-of, plural Form of: physic
    Sense id: en-physics-en-noun-UemkCxgV
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: physicks [obsolete], physics Holonyms: science

Verb

IPA: /ˈfɪz.ɪks/ Audio: en-us-physics.ogg [US]
Etymology: 1580s; from physic (see also -ics), from Middle English phisik, from Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), from Latin physica (“study of nature”), from Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), feminine singular of φυσικός (phusikós, “natural; physical”), from Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), from Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”). Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-}}, {{der|en|enm|phisik}} Middle English phisik, {{der|en|fro|fisike||natural science, art of healing}} Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), {{der|en|la|physica||study of nature}} Latin physica (“study of nature”), {{der|en|grc|φυσική}} Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), {{der|en|grc|φύσις||origin; nature, property}} Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), {{der|en|grc|φύω||produce; bear; grow}} Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), {{der|en|ine-pro|*bʰuH-||to appear, become, rise up}} Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”) Head templates: {{head|en|verb form}} physics
  1. third-person singular simple present indicative of physic Tags: form-of, indicative, present, singular, third-person Form of: physic Categories (topical): Sciences
    Sense id: en-physics-en-verb-JMhRlHX3 Disambiguation of Sciences: 22 13 22 43 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, Pages using discouraged character sequences Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 16 20 4 60 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 11 12 4 72 Disambiguation of Pages using discouraged character sequences: 15 16 14 55
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: physicks [obsolete]

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for physics meaning in English (32.4kB)

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "nonphysics"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "atomic physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "atom physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "conceptual physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "condensed matter physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "health physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "jiggle physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "metametaphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "metaphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "pataphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physics envy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physics gun"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physics-ly"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physics package"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ragdoll physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "social physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "sociophysics"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cy",
            "2": "ffiseg",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Welsh: ffiseg",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Welsh: ffiseg"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰuH-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "phisik"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English phisik",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "fisike",
        "4": "",
        "5": "natural science, art of healing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "physica",
        "4": "",
        "5": "study of nature"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin physica (“study of nature”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φυσική"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φύσις",
        "4": "",
        "5": "origin; nature, property"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φύω",
        "4": "",
        "5": "produce; bear; grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰuH-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to appear, become, rise up"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "1580s; from physic (see also -ics), from Middle English phisik, from Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), from Latin physica (“study of nature”), from Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), feminine singular of φυσικός (phusikós, “natural; physical”), from Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), from Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "physics (uncountable)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "holonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "science"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "aerophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "astrophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "attophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "biophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "cartoon physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "chemical physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "classical physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "econophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ecophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "gastrophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "geophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "heliophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "hyperphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "macrophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "metaphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "microphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "modern physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "neurophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nuclear physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "optics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "particle physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "petrophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "photophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physical chemistry"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "plasmaphysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "psychophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "quantum physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "radiation physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "radiobiophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "radiophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "soil physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "spacetime physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "tectonophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "theoretical physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "thermodynamics"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "meronyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "astronomy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "astrophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "biophysics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "mechanics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "optics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "classical mechanics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "statistical mechanics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "quantum mechanics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "particle physics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "thermodynamics"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "cosmology"
    }
  ],
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physical"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "physicist"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "space"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "time"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "matter"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "energy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "force"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "mass"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "density"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "motion"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "velocity"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "acceleration"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "trajectory"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "pressure"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "potential"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "temperature"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "particle"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "wave"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "100 0 0 0",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Physics",
          "orig": "en:Physics",
          "parents": [
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1994, A.J Meadows, M.M Hancock-Beaulieu, editors, Front Page Physics: A Century of Physics in the News, page 3",
          "text": "An analysis of media reports can correspondingly cast some light not only on how much physics is being reported, but on what branches of physics attract most popular attention.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 March 3, Jeremy Bernstein, “A Palette of Particles”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 146",
          "text": "The physics of elementary particles in the 20th century was distinguished by the observation of particles whose existence had been predicted by theorists sometimes decades earlier.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "Newtonian physics was extended by Einstein to explain the effects of travelling near the speed of light; quantum physics extends it to account for the behaviour of atoms."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The branch of science concerned with the study of the properties and interactions of space, time, matter and energy."
      ],
      "id": "en-physics-en-noun-zxEmB2vh",
      "links": [
        [
          "science",
          "science"
        ],
        [
          "interaction",
          "interaction"
        ],
        [
          "space",
          "space"
        ],
        [
          "time",
          "time"
        ],
        [
          "matter",
          "matter"
        ],
        [
          "energy",
          "energy"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "af",
          "lang": "Afrikaans",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fisika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fizikë"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "am",
          "lang": "Amharic",
          "roman": "fiziks",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ፊዚክስ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "fīziyāʔ",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "فِيزِيَاء"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "fīzīqā",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "فِيزِيقَا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "arz",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "fezya",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "Egyptian-Arabic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "فيزيا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "acw",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "fīzya",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "Hijazi-Arabic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "فيزيا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "fizika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ֆիզիկա"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "física"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fizika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "eu",
          "lang": "Basque",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fisika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "fízika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "фі́зіка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "podarthobiggên",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "পদার্থবিজ্ঞান"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "podarthobidda",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "পদার্থবিদ্যা"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "naturoniezh"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "fízika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "фи́зика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "my",
          "lang": "Burmese",
          "roman": "rupa.beda.",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ရူပဗေဒ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "rue",
          "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
          "roman": "fízika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "фі́зіка"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "física"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "yue",
          "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
          "roman": "mat⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hak",
          "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
          "roman": "vu̍t-lî-ho̍k",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "物理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nan-hbl",
          "lang": "Chinese",
          "roman": "bu̍t-lí-ha̍k",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "Hokkien"
          ],
          "word": "物理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理學"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "wùlǐxué",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fyzika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "fysik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "dv",
          "lang": "Dhivehi",
          "roman": "fīziyāī ilmu",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ފީޒިޔާއީ އިލްމު"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "natuurkunde"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fysica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "dz",
          "lang": "Dzongkha",
          "roman": "dngos khams rig pa",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "དངོས་ཁམས་རིག་པ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fiziko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "füüsika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alisfrøði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fysiikka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "physique"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "física"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "piziḳa",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ფიზიკა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Physik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "fysikí",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "φυσική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "bhautikvijñān",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ભૌતિકવિજ્ઞાન"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gu",
          "lang": "Gujarati",
          "roman": "phijhīks",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ફિઝીક્સ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ht",
          "lang": "Haitian Creole",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fizik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "fizika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "פִֿיזִיקָה"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "bhautik śāstra",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "भौतिक शास्त्र"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "bhautikī",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "भौतिकी"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "fiziks",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "plural"
          ],
          "word": "फ़िज़िक्स"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fizika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "eðlisfræði"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "io",
          "lang": "Ido",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fiziko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fisika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "physica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fisic"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fisica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "alt": "ぶつりがく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "butsurigaku",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "物理学"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "kn",
          "lang": "Kannada",
          "roman": "bhautaśāstra",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ಭೌತಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "fizika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "физика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "ruuppaʼsaah",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "រូបសាស្ត្រ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "km",
          "lang": "Khmer",
          "roman": "ruuppaʼvityiə",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "រូបវិទ្យា"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "alt": "物理學",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "mullihak",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "물리학"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "alt": "物理",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "mulli",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "물리"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "fîzya",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "فیزیا"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ckb",
          "lang": "Central Kurdish",
          "roman": "fîzîk",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "فیزیک"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ky",
          "lang": "Kyrgyz",
          "roman": "fizika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "физика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "wat thu wi tha nyā",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ວັດຖຸວິທະຍາ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "wat thu sāt",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ວັດຖຸສາດ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "lo",
          "lang": "Lao",
          "roman": "fī sik",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "ຟີຊິກ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "physica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fizika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fizika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "fizika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "физика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ms",
          "lang": "Malay",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fizik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mt",
          "lang": "Maltese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fiżika"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fishag"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "mātai ahupūngao"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "bhautikśāstra",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "भौतिकशास्त्र"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "fizik",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "физик"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ne",
          "lang": "Nepali",
          "roman": "bhautik śāstra",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "भौतिक शास्त्र"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "fysikk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "fysikk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fisica"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ps",
          "lang": "Pashto",
          "roman": "fezík",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "فزيک"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "fizik",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "فیزیک"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pih",
          "lang": "Pitcairn-Norfolk",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "fisiks"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fizyka"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "física"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "pa",
          "lang": "Punjabi",
          "roman": "bhautik vigiāna",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ਭੌਤਿਕ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "fizică"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "fízika",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "фи́зика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sco",
          "lang": "Scots",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "word": "pheesics"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "branch of science",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "физика"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "98 2",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
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      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "phisik"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English phisik",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "fisike",
        "4": "",
        "5": "natural science, art of healing"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "physica",
        "4": "",
        "5": "study of nature"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin physica (“study of nature”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φυσική"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φύσις",
        "4": "",
        "5": "origin; nature, property"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "φύω",
        "4": "",
        "5": "produce; bear; grow"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*bʰuH-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "to appear, become, rise up"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "1580s; from physic (see also -ics), from Middle English phisik, from Old French fisike (“natural science, art of healing”), from Latin physica (“study of nature”), from Ancient Greek φυσική (phusikḗ), feminine singular of φυσικός (phusikós, “natural; physical”), from Ancient Greek φύσις (phúsis, “origin; nature, property”), from Ancient Greek φύω (phúō, “produce; bear; grow”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH- (“to appear, become, rise up”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "physics (uncountable)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "holonyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "science"
    }
  ],
  "hyponyms": [
    {
      "word": "aerophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "astrophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "attophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "biophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "cartoon physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "chemical physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "classical physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "econophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "ecophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "gastrophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "geophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "heliophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "hyperphysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "macrophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "metaphysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "microphysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "modern physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "neurophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "nuclear physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "optics"
    },
    {
      "word": "particle physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "petrophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "photophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "physical chemistry"
    },
    {
      "word": "plasmaphysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "psychophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "quantum physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "radiation physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "radiobiophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "radiophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "soil physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "spacetime physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "tectonophysics"
    },
    {
      "word": "theoretical physics"
    },
    {
      "word": "thermodynamics"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "meronyms": [
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "astronomy"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "astrophysics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "biophysics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "mechanics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "optics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "classical mechanics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "statistical mechanics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "quantum mechanics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "particle physics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "thermodynamics"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "cosmology"
    }
  ],
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "physical"
    },
    {
      "word": "physicist"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "space"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "time"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "matter"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "energy"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "force"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "mass"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "density"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "motion"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "velocity"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "acceleration"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "trajectory"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "pressure"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "potential"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "temperature"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "particle"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "wave"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1994, A.J Meadows, M.M Hancock-Beaulieu, editors, Front Page Physics: A Century of Physics in the News, page 3",
          "text": "An analysis of media reports can correspondingly cast some light not only on how much physics is being reported, but on what branches of physics attract most popular attention.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2012 March 3, Jeremy Bernstein, “A Palette of Particles”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 146",
          "text": "The physics of elementary particles in the 20th century was distinguished by the observation of particles whose existence had been predicted by theorists sometimes decades earlier.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "text": "Newtonian physics was extended by Einstein to explain the effects of travelling near the speed of light; quantum physics extends it to account for the behaviour of atoms."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The branch of science concerned with the study of the properties and interactions of space, time, matter and energy."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "science",
          "science"
        ],
        [
          "interaction",
          "interaction"
        ],
        [
          "space",
          "space"
        ],
        [
          "time",
          "time"
        ],
        [
          "matter",
          "matter"
        ],
        [
          "energy",
          "energy"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The physics of car crashes would not let Tom Cruise walk away like that.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1994, A.J Meadows, M.M Hancock-Beaulieu, editors, Front Page Physics: A Century of Physics in the News, page 3",
          "text": "An analysis of media reports can correspondingly cast some light not only on how much physics is being reported, but on what branches of physics attract most popular attention.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The physical aspects of a phenomenon or a system, especially those examined or studied scientifically."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "physical",
          "physical"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈfɪz.ɪks/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-physics.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b3/En-us-physics.ogg/En-us-physics.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/En-us-physics.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "physicks"
    },
    {
      "source": "Thesaurus:physics",
      "word": "physics"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "af",
      "lang": "Afrikaans",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fisika"
    },
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizikë"
    },
    {
      "code": "am",
      "lang": "Amharic",
      "roman": "fiziks",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ፊዚክስ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "fīziyāʔ",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "فِيزِيَاء"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "fīzīqā",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "فِيزِيقَا"
    },
    {
      "code": "arz",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "fezya",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Egyptian-Arabic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "فيزيا"
    },
    {
      "code": "acw",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "fīzya",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Hijazi-Arabic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "فيزيا"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "fizika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ֆիզիկա"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "física"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "eu",
      "lang": "Basque",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fisika"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "fízika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "фі́зіка"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "podarthobiggên",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "পদার্থবিজ্ঞান"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "podarthobidda",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "পদার্থবিদ্যা"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "naturoniezh"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "fízika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "фи́зика"
    },
    {
      "code": "my",
      "lang": "Burmese",
      "roman": "rupa.beda.",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ရူပဗေဒ"
    },
    {
      "code": "rue",
      "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
      "roman": "fízika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "фі́зіка"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "física"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "yue",
      "lang": "Chinese Cantonese",
      "roman": "mat⁶ lei⁵ hok⁶",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "hak",
      "lang": "Hakka Chinese",
      "roman": "vu̍t-lî-ho̍k",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "物理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "nan-hbl",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "bu̍t-lí-ha̍k",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Hokkien"
      ],
      "word": "物理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理學"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "wùlǐxué",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fyzika"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "fysik"
    },
    {
      "code": "dv",
      "lang": "Dhivehi",
      "roman": "fīziyāī ilmu",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ފީޒިޔާއީ އިލްމު"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "natuurkunde"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fysica"
    },
    {
      "code": "dz",
      "lang": "Dzongkha",
      "roman": "dngos khams rig pa",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "དངོས་ཁམས་རིག་པ"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fiziko"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "füüsika"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alisfrøði"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fysiikka"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "physique"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "física"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "piziḳa",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ფიზიკა"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Physik"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "fysikí",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "φυσική"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "bhautikvijñān",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ભૌતિકવિજ્ઞાન"
    },
    {
      "code": "gu",
      "lang": "Gujarati",
      "roman": "phijhīks",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ફિઝીક્સ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ht",
      "lang": "Haitian Creole",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizik"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "fizika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "פִֿיזִיקָה"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "bhautik śāstra",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "भौतिक शास्त्र"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "bhautikī",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "भौतिकी"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "fiziks",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "plural"
      ],
      "word": "फ़िज़िक्स"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "eðlisfræði"
    },
    {
      "code": "io",
      "lang": "Ido",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fiziko"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fisika"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "physica"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fisic"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fisica"
    },
    {
      "alt": "ぶつりがく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "butsurigaku",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "物理学"
    },
    {
      "code": "kn",
      "lang": "Kannada",
      "roman": "bhautaśāstra",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ಭೌತಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "fizika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "физика"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "ruuppaʼsaah",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "រូបសាស្ត្រ"
    },
    {
      "code": "km",
      "lang": "Khmer",
      "roman": "ruuppaʼvityiə",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "រូបវិទ្យា"
    },
    {
      "alt": "物理學",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "mullihak",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "물리학"
    },
    {
      "alt": "物理",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "mulli",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "물리"
    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
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    },
    {
      "code": "ckb",
      "lang": "Central Kurdish",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "فیزیک"
    },
    {
      "code": "ky",
      "lang": "Kyrgyz",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "физика"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "wat thu wi tha nyā",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ວັດຖຸວິທະຍາ"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "wat thu sāt",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ວັດຖຸສາດ"
    },
    {
      "code": "lo",
      "lang": "Lao",
      "roman": "fī sik",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ຟີຊິກ"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "physica"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "fizika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "физика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ms",
      "lang": "Malay",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizik"
    },
    {
      "code": "mt",
      "lang": "Maltese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fiżika"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fishag"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "mātai ahupūngao"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "bhautikśāstra",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "भौतिकशास्त्र"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "fizik",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "физик"
    },
    {
      "code": "ne",
      "lang": "Nepali",
      "roman": "bhautik śāstra",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "भौतिक शास्त्र"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "fysikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "fysikk"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fisica"
    },
    {
      "code": "ps",
      "lang": "Pashto",
      "roman": "fezík",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "فزيک"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "fizik",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "فیزیک"
    },
    {
      "code": "pih",
      "lang": "Pitcairn-Norfolk",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fisiks"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizyka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "física"
    },
    {
      "code": "pa",
      "lang": "Punjabi",
      "roman": "bhautik vigiāna",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ਭੌਤਿਕ ਵਿਗਿਆਨ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizică"
    },
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      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "fízika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "фи́зика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sco",
      "lang": "Scots",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "pheesics"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "физика"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "shn",
      "lang": "Shan",
      "roman": "páai hāang",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ပၢႆးႁၢင်ႈ"
    },
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      "code": "scn",
      "lang": "Sicilian",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
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    },
    {
      "code": "si",
      "lang": "Sinhalese",
      "roman": "bhautika widyāwa",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "භෞතික විද්යාව"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fyzika"
    },
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      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "dsb",
      "lang": "Lower Sorbian",
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      "word": "fyzika"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
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    },
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      "code": "sw",
      "lang": "Swahili",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizikia"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
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      "word": "fysik"
    },
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      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "pisika"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "liknayan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "sugnayan"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "физика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "பெளதிகம்"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "ฟิสิกส์"
    },
    {
      "code": "bo",
      "lang": "Tibetan",
      "roman": "dngos khams rig pa",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "དངོས་ཁམས་རིག་པ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizik"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "doğam (doğa kuramı)"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "фі́зика"
    },
    {
      "code": "ur",
      "lang": "Urdu",
      "roman": "tabī'iyyāt",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "طبیعیات"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "fizika",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "فىزىكا"
    },
    {
      "code": "uz",
      "lang": "Uzbek",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "fizika"
    },
    {
      "alt": "物理學",
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "word": "vật lý học"
    },
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      "code": "vro",
      "lang": "Võro",
      "sense": "branch of science",
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      "code": "wa",
      "lang": "Walloon",
      "sense": "branch of science",
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      "code": "cy",
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      "sense": "branch of science",
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      ],
      "word": "ffiseg"
    },
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      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "fizik",
      "sense": "branch of science",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "פֿיזיק"
    }
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  ],
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}

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    {
      "audio": "en-us-physics.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/b/b3/En-us-physics.ogg/En-us-physics.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/En-us-physics.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete"
      ],
      "word": "physicks"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "physics"
  ],
  "word": "physics"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.