"dormir" meaning in All languages combined

Verb [Asturian]

Forms: dormo [first-person, indicative, present, singular], dormíu [participle, past]
  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Catalan]

Forms: dormo [first-person, present, singular], dormit [participle, past] IPA: /duɾˈmi/ [Balearic], /durˈmi/ [Central], /doɾˈmiɾ/ [Valencian] Audio: LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav Rhymes: -i(ɾ)
  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [French]

IPA: /dɔʁ.miʁ/ Audio: Fr-dormir.ogg Rhymes: -iʁ
  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Interlingua]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive
    Categories (other): Interlingua verbs ending in -ir

Verb [Ladin]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Middle French]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Occitan]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Old French]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive

Verb [Old Occitan]

  1. to sleep

Verb [Portuguese]

Forms: durmo [first-person, indicative, present, singular], dormido [participle, past] IPA: /duɾ.ˈmiɾ/ [Portugal], /doʁ.ˈmi(ʁ)/ [Brazil], [d̪öʁ.ˈmi(χ)] [Brazil]
  1. to sleep; to be asleep (to rest in a state of reduced consciousness) Tags: intransitive
  2. to fall asleep (to become asleep) Tags: intransitive
  3. to have a given type of sleep Tags: transitive
  4. to sleep (to be temporarily inactive) Tags: figuratively, intransitive
  5. to sleep with (to have sex with) Tags: euphemistic, transitive, with com
    Categories (other): Portuguese euphemisms
  6. to be constantly with Tags: figuratively, transitive, with com
  7. to be dead Tags: intransitive, poetic
  8. to fall asleep (to temporarily lose blood circulation) Tags: informal, intransitive, of a limb
  9. not to notice a problem Tags: Brazil, intransitive, slang
    Categories (other): Brazilian Portuguese

Verb [Spanish]

Forms: duermo [first-person, present, singular], dormí [first-person, preterite, singular], dormido [participle, past] IPA: /doɾˈmiɾ/, [d̪oɾˈmiɾ] Audio: LL-Q1321 (spa)-Rodelar-dormir.wav
  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive
  2. to fall asleep Tags: reflexive
  3. to die; to rest in death Tags: euphemistic
    Categories (other): Spanish euphemisms

Verb [Venetian]

  1. to sleep Tags: intransitive
    Synonyms: momir, polegiar

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for dormir meaning in All languages combined (16.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dormo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormíu",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "first-person singular indicative present",
        "4": "dormo",
        "5": "past participle",
        "6": "dormíu",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular indicative present dormo, past participle dormíu)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorm"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular indicative present dormo, past participle dormíu)",
      "name": "ast-verb-ir"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "ast-conj-ir"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Asturian",
  "lang_code": "ast",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "pro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Occitan dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Occitan dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō, from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dormo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormit",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "pres_1_sg": "dormo"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present dormo, past participle dormit)",
      "name": "ca-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "ca-conj-ir-pure"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan third conjugation verbs without -eix-",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/duɾˈmi/",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/durˈmi/",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/doɾˈmiɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-i(ɾ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/78/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/78/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French dormir, from Old French dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "fr-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "fr-conj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "French verbs with conjugation -ir",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Vous devriez essayer de dormir. ― You should try to sleep."
        },
        {
          "text": "Je dormais quand vous avez appelé. ― I was sleeping when you called."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/dɔʁ.miʁ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iʁ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Fr-dormir.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/45/Fr-dormir.ogg/Fr-dormir.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/Fr-dormir.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ia",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "ia-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "2": "ir",
      "intr": "yes",
      "template_name": "ia-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Interlingua",
  "lang_code": "ia",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Interlingua verbs ending in -ir",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lld",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormio",
        "4": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lld",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "2": "ester",
      "template_name": "lld-conj-IV"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Ladin",
  "lang_code": "lld",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Ladin verbs taking ester as auxiliary",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormio",
        "4": "dormiō, dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormiō, dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French dormir, from Latin dormiō, dormīre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle French",
  "lang_code": "frm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "pro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Occitan dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Occitan dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorm",
        "2": "ir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "oc-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "oc-conj-ir"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Occitan",
  "lang_code": "oc",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "fro-conj-iii"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old French verbs ending in -ir",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old French verbs with weak-i preterite",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French dormir.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Occitan",
  "lang_code": "pro",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "roa-opt",
        "2": "durmir"
      },
      "expansion": "durmir",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Portuguese dormir, durmir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "durmo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormido",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "",
        "2": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present indicative durmo, past participle dormido)",
      "name": "pt-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "",
      "2": "dormir",
      "template_name": "pt-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Quieto! Meu gato está dormindo. ― Be quiet! My cat is sleeping."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep; to be asleep (to rest in a state of reduced consciousness)"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_sleep",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to sleep"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Demorou horas até que eu dormisse. ― Hours passed before I fell asleep."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fall asleep (to become asleep)"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_fall_asleep",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to fall asleep"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Dormir uma soneca. ― To have a nap."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to have a given type of sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_have_a_type_of_sleep",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to have a type of sleep"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A célula dos terroristas está dormindo. ― The terrorist cell is asleep."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep (to be temporarily inactive)"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_be_inactive",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to be inactive"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Portuguese euphemisms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Peguei-a dormindo com um rapaz. ― I caught her sleeping with a boy."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep with (to have sex with)"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_have_sex_with",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to have sex with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "euphemistic",
        "transitive",
        "with com"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "A memória da guerra dorme com o veterano. ― The memory of the war sleeps with the veteran."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be constantly with"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_be_constantly_with",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to be constantly with"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "figuratively",
        "transitive",
        "with com"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Todos meus heróis dormem. ― All my heroes are dead."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be dead"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_be_dead",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to be dead"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive",
        "poetic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Acordei no meio da noite e meu braço tinha dormido. ― I woke up in the middle of the night and my arm had fallen asleep."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to fall asleep (to temporarily lose blood circulation)"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:to_lose_blood_circulation",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:to lose blood circulation"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "intransitive",
        "of a limb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Brazilian Portuguese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "O controlador dormiu e os aviões bateram. ― The controller didn’t pay attention and the aeroplanes collided."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "not to notice a problem"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-pt:not_to_notice_a_problem",
      "senseid": [
        "pt:not to notice a problem"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Brazil",
        "intransitive",
        "slang"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/duɾ.ˈmiɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/doʁ.ˈmi(ʁ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[d̪öʁ.ˈmi(χ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "osp",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Spanish",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "to sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“to sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Spanish, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“to sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "duermo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormí",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormido",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present duermo, first-person singular preterite dormí, past participle dormido)",
      "name": "es-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "",
      "template_name": "es-conj"
    },
    {
      "1": "dormirse",
      "template_name": "es-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-w.6onUrj",
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to fall asleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-rdtHfbX0",
      "tags": [
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Spanish euphemisms",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to die; to rest in death"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb-uEs1g3mz",
      "tags": [
        "euphemistic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doɾˈmiɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[d̪oɾˈmiɾ]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1321 (spa)-Rodelar-dormir.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/99/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/99/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vec",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "dormire"
      },
      "expansion": "Italian dormire",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”). Compare Italian dormire",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vec",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "vec-conj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Venetian",
  "lang_code": "vec",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to sleep"
      ],
      "id": "dormir-verb",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "momir"
        },
        {
          "word": "polegiar"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "intransitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dormo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormíu",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ast",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "first-person singular indicative present",
        "4": "dormo",
        "5": "past participle",
        "6": "dormíu",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular indicative present dormo, past participle dormíu)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorm"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular indicative present dormo, past participle dormíu)",
      "name": "ast-verb-ir"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "ast-conj-ir"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Asturian",
  "lang_code": "ast",
  "pos": "verb",
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "adormir"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "pro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Occitan dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Occitan dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō, from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dormo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormit",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "pres_1_sg": "dormo"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present dormo, past participle dormit)",
      "name": "ca-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "ca-conj-ir-pure"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "dorment"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormició"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormida"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormidor"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormidora"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormilec"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormilega"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormiment"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormisquejar"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitar"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitiu"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitori"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/duɾˈmi/",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/durˈmi/",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/doɾˈmiɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-i(ɾ)"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/78/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/78/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-dormir.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "à dormir debout"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir à poings fermés"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir comme un bébé"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir comme un bienheureux"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir comme une pierre"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir comme une souche"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir comme un loir"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir du sommeil du juste"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir sur ses deux oreilles"
    },
    {
      "word": "endormir"
    },
    {
      "word": "il ne faut pas réveiller le chat qui dort"
    },
    {
      "word": "ne dormir que d'un œil"
    },
    {
      "word": "qui dort dîne"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fr",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle French dormir, from Old French dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "fr-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "fr-conj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "French",
  "lang_code": "fr",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "dortoir"
    },
    {
      "word": "se coucher"
    },
    {
      "word": "sommeil"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/dɔʁ.miʁ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-iʁ"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Fr-dormir.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/45/Fr-dormir.ogg/Fr-dormir.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/45/Fr-dormir.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ia",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "ia-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "2": "ir",
      "intr": "yes",
      "template_name": "ia-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Interlingua",
  "lang_code": "ia",
  "pos": "verb",
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lld",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormio",
        "4": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "lld",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "2": "ester",
      "template_name": "lld-conj-IV"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Ladin",
  "lang_code": "lld",
  "pos": "verb",
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "dormí"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "fro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormio",
        "4": "dormiō, dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormiō, dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old French dormir, from Latin dormiō, dormīre.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "frm",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Middle French",
  "lang_code": "frm",
  "pos": "verb",
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "pro",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Occitan dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Occitan dormir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oc",
        "2": "verb",
        "head": "",
        "sort": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorm",
        "2": "ir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "oc-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorm",
      "template_name": "oc-conj-ir"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Occitan",
  "lang_code": "oc",
  "pos": "verb",
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Provençal"
      ],
      "word": "dourmir"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "fro-conj-iii"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old French",
  "lang_code": "fro",
  "pos": "verb",
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fro",
        "2": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old French dormir",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō. Gallo-Romance cognate with Old French dormir.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pro",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Occitan",
  "lang_code": "pro",
  "pos": "verb",
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "roa-opt",
        "3": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Portuguese dormir",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "roa-opt",
        "2": "durmir"
      },
      "expansion": "durmir",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pt",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Portuguese dormir, durmir, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "durmo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormido",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "",
        "2": "dormir"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present indicative durmo, past participle dormido)",
      "name": "pt-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "",
      "2": "dormir",
      "template_name": "pt-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Portuguese",
  "lang_code": "pt",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "dormitório"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/duɾ.ˈmiɾ/",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/doʁ.ˈmi(ʁ)/",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[d̪öʁ.ˈmi(χ)]",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "dromir"
    },
    {
      "word": "drumir"
    },
    {
      "word": "drumi"
    },
    {
      "word": "dromi"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormi"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "pronunciation-spelling"
      ],
      "word": "durmi"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "obsolete",
        "pronunciation-spelling"
      ],
      "word": "durmir"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Spanish verbs ending in -ir",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Spanish verbs with o-ue-u alternation",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "topical",
      "name": "Sleep",
      "parents": [
        "Body",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "camarón que se duerme se lo lleva la corriente"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormido"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormilón"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir a pierna suelta"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir como una marmota"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir como un ceporro"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir como un lirón"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir en santa paz"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormirla"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormir la mona"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormirse en los laureles"
    },
    {
      "word": "duermevela"
    },
    {
      "word": "durmiente"
    },
    {
      "word": "saco de dormir"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "osp",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Spanish",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "to sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“to sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dormiō"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dormiō",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*drem-",
        "t": "run, sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Spanish, from Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“to sleep”), from Proto-Italic *dormiō, from Proto-Indo-European *drem- (“run, sleep”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "duermo",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormí",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "dormido",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": ""
      },
      "expansion": "dormir (first-person singular present duermo, first-person singular preterite dormí, past participle dormido)",
      "name": "es-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "",
      "template_name": "es-conj"
    },
    {
      "1": "dormirse",
      "template_name": "es-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "adormecer"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormición"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormidero"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormidor"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormirse"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitar"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitivo"
    },
    {
      "word": "dormitorio"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/doɾˈmiɾ/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[d̪oɾˈmiɾ]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1321 (spa)-Rodelar-dormir.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/99/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/99/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav/LL-Q1321_%28spa%29-Rodelar-dormir.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vec",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dormīre"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dormīre",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "dormiō",
        "t": "I sleep"
      },
      "expansion": "dormiō (“I sleep”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "it",
        "2": "dormire"
      },
      "expansion": "Italian dormire",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin dormīre, present active infinitive of dormiō (“I sleep”). Compare Italian dormire",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vec",
        "2": "verb"
      },
      "expansion": "dormir",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "template_name": "vec-conj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Venetian",
  "lang_code": "vec",
  "pos": "verb",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "indormesar"
    },
    {
      "word": "indormesarse"
    },
    {
      "word": "indormia"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dormir"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.