"-som" meaning in All languages combined

See -som on Wiktionary

Suffix [Danish]

IPA: /-sɔm/, [-ˌsʌmˀ], [-sʌm]
Etymology: From Old Norse -samr. Related to samme (“same”). Compare Albanian -shëm, -sham. Etymology templates: {{der|da|non|-samr}} Old Norse -samr, {{cog|sq|-shëm}} Albanian -shëm Head templates: {{head|da|suffix|head=}} -som, {{da-suffix}} -som
  1. -some (characterized by some specific condition or quality) Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--som-da-suffix-wZ2d7k6E Categories (other): Danish entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Old Irish]

IPA: /soṽ/
Head templates: {{head|sga|suffix|cat2=emphatic suffixes|cat3=|g=|g2=}} -som, {{sga-suffix|e}} -som
  1. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person singular masculine
    Tags: masculine, morpheme, singular, third-person
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-cKqekv0A Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
  2. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person singular neuter
    Tags: morpheme, neuter, singular, third-person
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-AJlTRAxN Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
  3. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person plural all genders
    Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-qSllTERK Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -sem (english: used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels)
Related terms: 1 sg, -se, -sa, 2 sg, -siu, -so, -su, 3 sg. m.n., -sem, -sium, -sum, -sam, 3 sg. f., -si, 1 pl, -ni, -nai, -sni, 2 pl, 3 pl, Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor, to verbs, predicate adjectives, and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject, and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object

Suffix [Polish]

IPA: /sɔm/
Rhymes: -ɔm Etymology: From Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma). Etymology templates: {{der|pl|grc|σῶμα}} Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma) Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|g=m-in}} -som m inan Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun-m-in}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -som [nominative, singular], -somy [nominative, plural], -somu [genitive, singular], -somów [genitive, plural], -somowi [dative, singular], -somom [dative, plural], -som [accusative, singular], -somy [accusative, plural], -somem [instrumental, singular], -somami [instrumental, plural], -somie [locative, singular], -somach [locative, plural], -somie [singular, vocative], -somy [plural, vocative]
  1. -some, as relating to cells Tags: inanimate, masculine, morpheme Related terms: -somia

Download JSON data for -som meaning in All languages combined (6.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "-samr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse -samr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sq",
        "2": "-shëm"
      },
      "expansion": "Albanian -shëm",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse -samr. Related to samme (“same”). Compare Albanian -shëm, -sham.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "suffix",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "da-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-some (characterized by some specific condition or quality)"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-da-suffix-wZ2d7k6E",
      "links": [
        [
          "-some",
          "-some"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/-sɔm/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[-ˌsʌmˀ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[-sʌm]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "emphatic suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "sga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "1 sg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-se"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sa"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "2 sg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-siu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-so"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-su"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 sg. m.n."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sem"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sium"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sum"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sam"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 sg. f."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-si"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "1 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-ni"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-nai"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sni"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "2 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "to verbs"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "predicate adjectives"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular masculine"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-cKqekv0A",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular neuter"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-AJlTRAxN",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person plural all genders"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-qSllTERK",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/soṽ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "english": "used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels",
      "word": "-sem"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "σῶμα"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-m-in",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-som",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-som",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m-in"
      },
      "expansion": "-som m inan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "som"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-m-in"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "alo- + -som → alosom",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-some, as relating to cells"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-pl-suffix-WNozLxAC",
      "links": [
        [
          "-some",
          "-some#English"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "-somia"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/sɔm/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔm"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "-samr"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse -samr",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sq",
        "2": "-shëm"
      },
      "expansion": "Albanian -shëm",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse -samr. Related to samme (“same”). Compare Albanian -shëm, -sham.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "suffix",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "da-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Danish",
  "lang_code": "da",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Danish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Danish lemmas",
        "Danish suffixes",
        "Danish terms derived from Old Norse",
        "Danish terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-some (characterized by some specific condition or quality)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-some",
          "-some"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/-sɔm/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[-ˌsʌmˀ]"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[-sʌm]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish emphatic suffixes",
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish suffixes",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "emphatic suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "sga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "1 sg"
    },
    {
      "word": "-se"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sa"
    },
    {
      "word": "2 sg"
    },
    {
      "word": "-siu"
    },
    {
      "word": "-so"
    },
    {
      "word": "-su"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 sg. m.n."
    },
    {
      "word": "-sem"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sium"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sum"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sam"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 sg. f."
    },
    {
      "word": "-si"
    },
    {
      "word": "1 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ni"
    },
    {
      "word": "-nai"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sni"
    },
    {
      "word": "2 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor"
    },
    {
      "word": "to verbs"
    },
    {
      "word": "predicate adjectives"
    },
    {
      "word": "and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject"
    },
    {
      "word": "and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular masculine"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular neuter"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person plural all genders"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/soṽ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels",
      "word": "-sem"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "σῶμα"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma)",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Ancient Greek σῶμα (sôma).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun-m-in",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-som",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somowi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somom",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-som",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somem",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-somy",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "m-in"
      },
      "expansion": "-som m inan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "som"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-noun-m-in"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "-somia"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish 1-syllable words",
        "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Polish inanimate suffixes",
        "Polish lemmas",
        "Polish links with manual fragments",
        "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
        "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
        "Polish masculine suffixes",
        "Polish suffixes",
        "Polish terms derived from Ancient Greek",
        "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Polish terms with audio links",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɔm",
        "Rhymes:Polish/ɔm/1 syllable"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "alo- + -som → alosom",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "-some, as relating to cells"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-some",
          "-some#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/sɔm/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔm"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.