"-som" meaning in Old Irish

See -som in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /soṽ/
Head templates: {{head|sga|suffix|cat2=emphatic suffixes|cat3=|g=|g2=}} -som, {{sga-suffix|e}} -som
  1. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person singular masculine
    Tags: masculine, morpheme, singular, third-person
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-cKqekv0A Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
  2. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person singular neuter
    Tags: morpheme, neuter, singular, third-person
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-AJlTRAxN Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
  3. emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels
    third-person plural all genders
    Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--som-sga-suffix-qSllTERK Categories (other): Old Irish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Irish entries with incorrect language header: 33 33 33
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -sem (english: used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels)
Related terms: 1 sg, -se, -sa, 2 sg, -siu, -so, -su, 3 sg. m.n., -sem, -sium, -sum, -sam, 3 sg. f., -si, 1 pl, -ni, -nai, -sni, 2 pl, 3 pl, Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor, to verbs, predicate adjectives, and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject, and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object

Download JSON data for -som meaning in Old Irish (2.9kB)

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "emphatic suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "sga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "1 sg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-se"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sa"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "2 sg"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-siu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-so"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-su"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 sg. m.n."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sem"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sium"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sum"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sam"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 sg. f."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-si"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "1 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-ni"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-nai"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "-sni"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "2 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "3 pl"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "to verbs"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "predicate adjectives"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "word": "and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular masculine"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-cKqekv0A",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular neuter"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-AJlTRAxN",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "33 33 33",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person plural all genders"
      ],
      "id": "en--som-sga-suffix-qSllTERK",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/soṽ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "33 33 33",
      "english": "used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels",
      "word": "-sem"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Old Irish emphatic suffixes",
    "Old Irish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Irish lemmas",
    "Old Irish suffixes",
    "Old Irish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "emphatic suffixes",
        "cat3": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": ""
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "e"
      },
      "expansion": "-som",
      "name": "sga-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Irish",
  "lang_code": "sga",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "1 sg"
    },
    {
      "word": "-se"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sa"
    },
    {
      "word": "2 sg"
    },
    {
      "word": "-siu"
    },
    {
      "word": "-so"
    },
    {
      "word": "-su"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 sg. m.n."
    },
    {
      "word": "-sem"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sium"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sum"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sam"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 sg. f."
    },
    {
      "word": "-si"
    },
    {
      "word": "1 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ni"
    },
    {
      "word": "-nai"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sni"
    },
    {
      "word": "2 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "3 pl"
    },
    {
      "word": "Emphatic suffixes are added to nouns modified by a possessive determiner to emphasize the possessor"
    },
    {
      "word": "to verbs"
    },
    {
      "word": "predicate adjectives"
    },
    {
      "word": "and predicate nouns to emphasize the subject"
    },
    {
      "word": "and to inflected prepositions to emphasize the object"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular masculine"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person singular neuter"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "emphatic suffix of the following persons; used after velarized consonants and back vowels",
        "third-person plural all genders"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/soṽ/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "used in later texts after palatalized consonants and front vowels",
      "word": "-sem"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-som"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Old Irish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.