"bao" meaning in Vietnamese

See bao in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Huế], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav [Hà-Nội] Forms: [CJK]
Etymology: Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy. Head templates: {{head|vi|adverb|||head=|tr=包}} bao • (包), {{vi-adv|包}} bao • (包)
  1. (literary when used stand-alone) how; how much
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-adv-YegpLoEy
  2. (Mekong Delta, colloquial) very; super (placed before an adjective to intensify) Tags: colloquial
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-adv-3FQHrPKt Categories (other): Mekong Delta Vietnamese
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Determiner

IPA: [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Huế], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav [Hà-Nội] Forms: [CJK]
Etymology: Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy. Head templates: {{head|vi|determiner||head=|tr=包}} bao • (包), {{vi-determ|包}} bao • (包)
  1. (literary) so many Tags: literary
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-det-UMONzrIk Related terms: đâu‘wherever’, đây‘here’, đấy‘there’, nào‘whichever’, này‘this’, nọ‘that’, bao‘to whatever extent’, bây‘to this extent’, bấy‘to that extent’, sao‘however’, vầy‘this way’, vậy‘that way’, đâuplace-what, đâyplace-this, đấyplace-that1, đó(place-)that1, kia(place-)that2, nàowhat, nầythis, nấy, ấythat1, nọthat2, Place, attributive1n-, ninìnày, nớ, nọ, nào, nominal2đ-, đây, đíđấy, —, đó, đâu, Mannerr-, rirày, rứa, rusao3, Extent 14b-, bây, bấy, Extent 25v-, vầy, vậy, 1 Originally can only follow a nominal (english: being used attributively), hence nơi này (english: this place; here), nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), is itself nominal (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), hence đây (english: here), đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu () (english: where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant), bấy nhiêu (english: that much), bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy () (english: how much; this fast), nhanh vậy (english: that fast/so fast), bao giờ, bao nhiêu
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Noun

IPA: [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Huế], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav [Hà-Nội] Forms: cái [classifier], chiếc [classifier]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 包. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|包}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 包 Head templates: {{head|vi|noun|||head=|tr=}} bao, {{vi-noun|cls=cái, chiếc}} (classifier cái, chiếc) bao
  1. bag; sack; pack Categories (topical): Bags
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-noun-cFasujL- Disambiguation of Bags: 5 14 9 29 5 4 4 11 19 Categories (other): Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc, Vietnamese nouns classified by cái Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc: 11 18 8 20 21 21 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cái: 11 18 8 20 21 21
  2. box; packet
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-noun-U7Sqw45G Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc, Vietnamese nouns classified by cái Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 4 15 12 20 23 24 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc: 11 18 8 20 21 21 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cái: 11 18 8 20 21 21
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: bao kiếm Related terms: bị, túi
Etymology number: 1

Verb

IPA: [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hà-Nội], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Huế], [ʔɓaːw˧˧] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav [Hà-Nội]
Etymology: Sino-Vietnamese word from 包. Etymology templates: {{categorize|vi|Sino-Vietnamese words}}, {{vi-etym-sino|包}} Sino-Vietnamese word from 包 Head templates: {{head|vi|verb|||head=|tr=}} bao, {{vi-verb}} bao
  1. to enclose; to envelope; to cover
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-verb-ACVCcb3Y Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 4 15 12 20 23 24
  2. to guarantee; to assure
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-verb-e1fP4DNQ Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc, Vietnamese nouns classified by cái Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 4 15 12 20 23 24 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc: 11 18 8 20 21 21 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cái: 11 18 8 20 21 21
  3. to take on everything; to undertake (the whole of) something as someone's proxy
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-verb-TO6em4sS Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc, Vietnamese nouns classified by cái Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 4 15 12 20 23 24 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc: 11 18 8 20 21 21 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cái: 11 18 8 20 21 21
  4. to treat; to pay (for someone else); to foot the bill; to cover (someone else); to stand
    Sense id: en-bao-vi-verb-C3~s82M0 Categories (other): Sino-Vietnamese words, Vietnamese determiners, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup, Vietnamese intensifiers, Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc, Vietnamese nouns classified by cái Disambiguation of Sino-Vietnamese words: 4 15 12 20 23 24 Disambiguation of Vietnamese determiners: 5 21 23 0 3 0 6 6 36 Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 1 14 14 2 8 8 5 13 36 Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup: 5 15 15 2 9 2 6 10 35 Disambiguation of Vietnamese intensifiers: 5 21 22 0 3 0 6 6 35 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc: 11 18 8 20 21 21 Disambiguation of Vietnamese nouns classified by cái: 11 18 8 20 21 21
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: bao phủ, bao quanh, bao quát, bao trùm
Etymology number: 1

Download JSON data for bao meaning in Vietnamese (11.7kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bao kiếm"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cái",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chiếc",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "cls": "cái, chiếc"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier cái, chiếc) bao",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bị"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "túi"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 14 9 29 5 4 4 11 19",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "vi",
          "name": "Bags",
          "orig": "vi:Bags",
          "parents": [
            "Containers",
            "Tools",
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bag; sack; pack"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-noun-cFasujL-",
      "links": [
        [
          "bag",
          "bag"
        ],
        [
          "sack",
          "sack"
        ],
        [
          "pack",
          "pack"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 12 20 23 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "box; packet"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-noun-U7Sqw45G",
      "links": [
        [
          "box",
          "box"
        ],
        [
          "packet",
          "packet"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
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      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bao phủ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bao quanh"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bao quát"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "bao trùm"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 12 20 23 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to enclose; to envelope; to cover"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-verb-ACVCcb3Y",
      "links": [
        [
          "enclose",
          "enclose"
        ],
        [
          "envelope",
          "envelope"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 12 20 23 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to guarantee; to assure"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-verb-e1fP4DNQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "guarantee",
          "guarantee"
        ],
        [
          "assure",
          "assure"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 12 20 23 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to take on everything; to undertake (the whole of) something as someone's proxy"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-verb-TO6em4sS",
      "links": [
        [
          "take on",
          "take on"
        ],
        [
          "undertake",
          "undertake"
        ],
        [
          "proxy",
          "proxy"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 15 12 20 23 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sino-Vietnamese words",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 21 23 0 3 0 6 6 36",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 14 14 2 8 8 5 13 36",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 15 15 2 9 2 6 10 35",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 21 22 0 3 0 6 6 35",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese intensifiers",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 18 8 20 21 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to treat; to pay (for someone else); to foot the bill; to cover (someone else); to stand"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-verb-C3~s82M0",
      "links": [
        [
          "treat",
          "treat"
        ],
        [
          "pay",
          "pay"
        ],
        [
          "foot",
          "foot"
        ],
        [
          "bill",
          "bill"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "stand",
          "stand"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
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      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "包",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "How long is one thousand years really?",
          "text": "Ngàn năm là bao?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "how; how much"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-adv-YegpLoEy",
      "links": [
        [
          "how",
          "how"
        ],
        [
          "how much",
          "how much"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "literary when used stand-alone",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary when used stand-alone) how; how much"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Mekong Delta Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "super-duper sweet oranges",
          "text": "cam bao ngọt",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "very; super (placed before an adjective to intensify)"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-adv-3FQHrPKt",
      "links": [
        [
          "very",
          "very"
        ],
        [
          "super",
          "super"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "Mekong Delta",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Mekong Delta, colloquial) very; super (placed before an adjective to intensify)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "包",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "people everywhere",
          "text": "bao người",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "day after day",
          "text": "bao ngày",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "so many"
      ],
      "id": "en-bao-vi-det-UMONzrIk",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary) so many"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đây‘here’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đấy‘there’"
        },
        {
          "word": "nào‘whichever’"
        },
        {
          "word": "này‘this’"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọ‘that’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "sao‘however’"
        },
        {
          "word": "vầy‘this way’"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy‘that way’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâuplace-what"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâyplace-this"
        },
        {
          "word": "đấyplace-that1"
        },
        {
          "word": "đó(place-)that1"
        },
        {
          "word": "kia(place-)that2"
        },
        {
          "word": "nàowhat"
        },
        {
          "word": "nầythis"
        },
        {
          "word": "nấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "ấythat1"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọthat2"
        },
        {
          "word": "Place"
        },
        {
          "word": "attributive1n-"
        },
        {
          "word": "ninìnày"
        },
        {
          "word": "nớ"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọ"
        },
        {
          "word": "nào"
        },
        {
          "word": "nominal2đ-"
        },
        {
          "word": "đây"
        },
        {
          "word": "đíđấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "—"
        },
        {
          "word": "đó"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâu"
        },
        {
          "word": "Mannerr-"
        },
        {
          "word": "rirày"
        },
        {
          "word": "rứa"
        },
        {
          "word": "rusao3"
        },
        {
          "word": "Extent 14b-"
        },
        {
          "word": "bây"
        },
        {
          "word": "bấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "Extent 25v-"
        },
        {
          "word": "vầy"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        },
        {
          "english": "being used attributively",
          "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
        },
        {
          "english": "this place; here",
          "word": "hence nơi này"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
          "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
          "word": "is itself nominal"
        },
        {
          "english": "here",
          "word": "hence đây"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
          "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
        },
        {
          "english": "that much",
          "word": "bấy nhiêu"
        },
        {
          "english": "how much; this fast",
          "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
        },
        {
          "english": "that fast/so fast",
          "word": "nhanh vậy"
        },
        {
          "word": "bao giờ"
        },
        {
          "word": "bao nhiêu"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "literary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Vietnamese intensifiers",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Bags"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "bao kiếm"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cái",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "chiếc",
      "tags": [
        "classifier"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "cls": "cái, chiếc"
      },
      "expansion": "(classifier cái, chiếc) bao",
      "name": "vi-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "bị"
    },
    {
      "word": "túi"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "bag; sack; pack"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bag",
          "bag"
        ],
        [
          "sack",
          "sack"
        ],
        [
          "pack",
          "pack"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "box; packet"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "box",
          "box"
        ],
        [
          "packet",
          "packet"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Sino-Vietnamese words",
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Vietnamese intensifiers",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese nouns",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by chiếc",
    "Vietnamese nouns classified by cái",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "Vietnamese verbs",
    "vi:Bags"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "bao phủ"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao quanh"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao quát"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao trùm"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "Sino-Vietnamese words"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "categorize"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包",
      "name": "vi-etym-sino"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Sino-Vietnamese word from 包.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "verb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": ""
      },
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "bao",
      "name": "vi-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to enclose; to envelope; to cover"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "enclose",
          "enclose"
        ],
        [
          "envelope",
          "envelope"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to guarantee; to assure"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "guarantee",
          "guarantee"
        ],
        [
          "assure",
          "assure"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to take on everything; to undertake (the whole of) something as someone's proxy"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "take on",
          "take on"
        ],
        [
          "undertake",
          "undertake"
        ],
        [
          "proxy",
          "proxy"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "to treat; to pay (for someone else); to foot the bill; to cover (someone else); to stand"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "treat",
          "treat"
        ],
        [
          "pay",
          "pay"
        ],
        [
          "foot",
          "foot"
        ],
        [
          "bill",
          "bill"
        ],
        [
          "cover",
          "cover"
        ],
        [
          "stand",
          "stand"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Vietnamese intensifiers",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "vi:Bags"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "包",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese literary terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "How long is one thousand years really?",
          "text": "Ngàn năm là bao?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "how; how much"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "how",
          "how"
        ],
        [
          "how much",
          "how much"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "literary when used stand-alone",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary when used stand-alone) how; how much"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Mekong Delta Vietnamese",
        "Vietnamese colloquialisms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "super-duper sweet oranges",
          "text": "cam bao ngọt",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "very; super (placed before an adjective to intensify)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "very",
          "very"
        ],
        [
          "super",
          "super"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "Mekong Delta",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Mekong Delta, colloquial) very; super (placed before an adjective to intensify)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "colloquial"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese entries with language name categories using raw markup",
    "Vietnamese intensifiers",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links",
    "vi:Bags"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Part of the b-series of demonstratives, along with bây, bấy.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "包",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "包"
      },
      "expansion": "bao • (包)",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây‘here’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấy‘there’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào‘whichever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "này‘this’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ‘that’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "sao‘however’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy‘this way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy‘that way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâuplace-what"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâyplace-this"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấyplace-that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó(place-)that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "kia(place-)that2"
    },
    {
      "word": "nàowhat"
    },
    {
      "word": "nầythis"
    },
    {
      "word": "nấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "ấythat1"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọthat2"
    },
    {
      "word": "Place"
    },
    {
      "word": "attributive1n-"
    },
    {
      "word": "ninìnày"
    },
    {
      "word": "nớ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào"
    },
    {
      "word": "nominal2đ-"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây"
    },
    {
      "word": "đíđấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâu"
    },
    {
      "word": "Mannerr-"
    },
    {
      "word": "rirày"
    },
    {
      "word": "rứa"
    },
    {
      "word": "rusao3"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 14b-"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 25v-"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy"
    },
    {
      "english": "being used attributively",
      "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "this place; here",
      "word": "hence nơi này"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "is itself nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "here",
      "word": "hence đây"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
      "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that much",
      "word": "bấy nhiêu"
    },
    {
      "english": "how much; this fast",
      "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that fast/so fast",
      "word": "nhanh vậy"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao giờ"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao nhiêu"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese literary terms",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "people everywhere",
          "text": "bao người",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "day after day",
          "text": "bao ngày",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "so many"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(literary) so many"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "literary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʔɓaːw˧˧]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Penn Zero MSSJ-bao.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/4/4d/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Penn_Zero_MSSJ-bao.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hà Nội)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "bao"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.