"rứa" meaning in Vietnamese

See rứa in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: [zɨə˧˦] [Hà-Nội], [ʐɨə˨˩˦] [Huế], [ɹɨə˦˥] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK]
Etymology: Part of the r-series of demonstratives, along with rày, ri, ru, sao. Etymology templates: {{m|vi|rày}} rày, {{m|vi|ri}} ri, {{m|vi|ru}} ru, {{m|vi|sao}} sao Head templates: {{head|vi|adverb|||head=|tr=呂}} rứa • (呂), {{vi-adv|呂}} rứa • (呂)
  1. (Central Vietnam) like that; as such Tags: Central, Vietnam Synonyms: thế, vậy
    Sense id: en-rứa-vi-adv-Dk6fWKiM Categories (other): Central Vietnamese
  2. (Central Vietnam) final particle used in an interrogative sentence Tags: Central, Vietnam Synonyms: thế, vậy
    Sense id: en-rứa-vi-adv-GxTKGgbr Categories (other): Central Vietnamese, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header: 10 90
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: đâu‘wherever’, đây‘here’, đấy‘there’, nào‘whichever’, này‘this’, nọ‘that’, bao‘to whatever extent’, bây‘to this extent’, bấy‘to that extent’, sao‘however’, vầy‘this way’, vậy‘that way’, đâuplace-what, đâyplace-this, đấyplace-that1, đó(place-)that1, kia(place-)that2, nàowhat, nầythis, nấy, ấythat1, nọthat2, Place, attributive1n-, ninìnày, nớ, nọ, nào, nominal2đ-, đây, đíđấy, —, đó, đâu, Mannerr-, rirày, rusao3, Extent 14b-, bây, bấy, bao, Extent 25v-, vầy, vậy, 1 Originally can only follow a nominal (english: being used attributively), hence nơi này (english: this place; here), nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), is itself nominal (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), hence đây (english: here), đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu () (english: where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant), bấy nhiêu (english: that much), bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy () (english: how much; this fast), nhanh vậy (english: that fast/so fast)

Download JSON data for rứa meaning in Vietnamese (4.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "rày"
      },
      "expansion": "rày",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ri"
      },
      "expansion": "ri",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ru"
      },
      "expansion": "ru",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "sao"
      },
      "expansion": "sao",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Part of the r-series of demonstratives, along with rày, ri, ru, sao.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "呂",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "呂"
      },
      "expansion": "rứa • (呂)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "呂"
      },
      "expansion": "rứa • (呂)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đây‘here’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đấy‘there’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nào‘whichever’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "này‘this’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nọ‘that’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "sao‘however’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vầy‘this way’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vậy‘that way’"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đâuplace-what"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đâyplace-this"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đấyplace-that1"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đó(place-)that1"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "kia(place-)that2"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nàowhat"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nầythis"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nấy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ấythat1"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nọthat2"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Place"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "attributive1n-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ninìnày"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nớ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nọ"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nào"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nominal2đ-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đây"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đíđấy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đó"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "đâu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Mannerr-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "rirày"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "rusao3"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Extent 14b-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bây"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bấy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "bao"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "Extent 25v-"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vầy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "vậy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "being used attributively",
      "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "this place; here",
      "word": "hence nơi này"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "is itself nominal"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "here",
      "word": "hence đây"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
      "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "that much",
      "word": "bấy nhiêu"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "how much; this fast",
      "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "english": "that fast/so fast",
      "word": "nhanh vậy"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Central Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "like that; as such"
      ],
      "id": "en-rứa-vi-adv-Dk6fWKiM",
      "links": [
        [
          "like",
          "like"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ],
        [
          "as such",
          "as such"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) like that; as such"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "thế"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Central Vietnamese",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 90",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Where did you go?",
          "text": "Mi đi mô về rứa?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "final particle used in an interrogative sentence"
      ],
      "id": "en-rứa-vi-adv-GxTKGgbr",
      "links": [
        [
          "final",
          "final#English"
        ],
        [
          "particle",
          "particle#English"
        ],
        [
          "interrogative",
          "interrogative#English"
        ],
        [
          "sentence",
          "sentence#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) final particle used in an interrogative sentence"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "thế"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[zɨə˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʐɨə˨˩˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɹɨə˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "rứa"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "rày"
      },
      "expansion": "rày",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ri"
      },
      "expansion": "ri",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ru"
      },
      "expansion": "ru",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "sao"
      },
      "expansion": "sao",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Part of the r-series of demonstratives, along with rày, ri, ru, sao.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "呂",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "呂"
      },
      "expansion": "rứa • (呂)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "呂"
      },
      "expansion": "rứa • (呂)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây‘here’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấy‘there’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào‘whichever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "này‘this’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ‘that’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "sao‘however’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy‘this way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy‘that way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâuplace-what"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâyplace-this"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấyplace-that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó(place-)that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "kia(place-)that2"
    },
    {
      "word": "nàowhat"
    },
    {
      "word": "nầythis"
    },
    {
      "word": "nấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "ấythat1"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọthat2"
    },
    {
      "word": "Place"
    },
    {
      "word": "attributive1n-"
    },
    {
      "word": "ninìnày"
    },
    {
      "word": "nớ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào"
    },
    {
      "word": "nominal2đ-"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây"
    },
    {
      "word": "đíđấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâu"
    },
    {
      "word": "Mannerr-"
    },
    {
      "word": "rirày"
    },
    {
      "word": "rusao3"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 14b-"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 25v-"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy"
    },
    {
      "english": "being used attributively",
      "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "this place; here",
      "word": "hence nơi này"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "is itself nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "here",
      "word": "hence đây"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
      "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that much",
      "word": "bấy nhiêu"
    },
    {
      "english": "how much; this fast",
      "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that fast/so fast",
      "word": "nhanh vậy"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Central Vietnamese"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "like that; as such"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "like",
          "like"
        ],
        [
          "that",
          "that"
        ],
        [
          "as such",
          "as such"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) like that; as such"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "thế"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Central Vietnamese",
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Where did you go?",
          "text": "Mi đi mô về rứa?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "final particle used in an interrogative sentence"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "final",
          "final#English"
        ],
        [
          "particle",
          "particle#English"
        ],
        [
          "interrogative",
          "interrogative#English"
        ],
        [
          "sentence",
          "sentence#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Central Vietnam) final particle used in an interrogative sentence"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "thế"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Vietnam"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[zɨə˧˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ʐɨə˨˩˦]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ɹɨə˦˥]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "rứa"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-16 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e268c0e and 304864d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.