"se-" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See se- in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *swe-, combining form of *swé. Etymology templates: {{root|gem-pro|ine-pro|*swe-}}, {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*swe-}} Proto-Indo-European *swe- Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-ppron}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], ek (unstr. *ik) [first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun, singular], þū [nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], *se- [nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mek (unstr. *mik) [accusative, first-person, personal, pronoun, singular], þek (unstr. *þik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], miz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun, singular], þiz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mīnaz [first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun, singular], þīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person, singular], sīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive, singular], wet (unstr. *wit) [dual, first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun], jut [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], jit [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], *se- [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unk [accusative, dual, first-person, personal, pronoun], inkw [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkiz [dative, dual, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun], inkwiz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkeraz [dual, first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun], inkweraz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive], wīz (unstr. *wiz) [first-person, nominative, personal, plural, pronoun], jūz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], jīz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], *se- [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], uns [accusative, first-person, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unsiz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unseraz [first-person, personal, plural, possessive, pronoun], izweraz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, reflexive]
  1. himself, herself, themselves (3rd person reflexive pronoun) Tags: reconstruction

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for se- meaning in Proto-Germanic (5.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*swe-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*swe-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *swe-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *swe-, combining form of *swé.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/se-",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "himself, herself, themselves (3rd person reflexive pronoun)"
      ],
      "id": "en-se--gem-pro-pron-6sa4HhyV",
      "links": [
        [
          "himself",
          "himself"
        ],
        [
          "herself",
          "herself"
        ],
        [
          "themselves",
          "themselves"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "se-"
}
{
  "descendants": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*swe-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*swe-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *swe-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *swe-, combining form of *swé.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/se-",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *swe-"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "himself, herself, themselves (3rd person reflexive pronoun)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "himself",
          "himself"
        ],
        [
          "herself",
          "herself"
        ],
        [
          "themselves",
          "themselves"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "se-"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.