"jūz" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See jūz in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

IPA: /juːz/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *yū́, plural of *túh₂. Etymology templates: {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*yū́}} Proto-Indo-European *yū́, {{m|ine-pro|*túh₂}} *túh₂ Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-ppron}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], ek (unstr. *ik) [first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun, singular], þū [nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], *se- [nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mek (unstr. *mik) [accusative, first-person, personal, pronoun, singular], þek (unstr. *þik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], miz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun, singular], þiz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mīnaz [first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun, singular], þīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person, singular], sīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive, singular], wet (unstr. *wit) [dual, first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun], jut [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], jit [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], *se- [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unk [accusative, dual, first-person, personal, pronoun], inkw [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkiz [dative, dual, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun], inkwiz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkeraz [dual, first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun], inkweraz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive], wīz (unstr. *wiz) [first-person, nominative, personal, plural, pronoun], jūz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], jīz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], *se- [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], uns [accusative, first-person, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unsiz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unseraz [first-person, personal, plural, possessive, pronoun], izweraz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, reflexive]
  1. you (plural) Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: jīz (english: North-West Germanic)

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for jūz meaning in Proto-Germanic (9.0kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*jiʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *jiʀ\nOld English: ġē, gī\nMiddle English: ye, yee, ȝe, ȝee, yeȝ, yhe, ȝhe, ge, iye, yie, ȝie, gie, hye, hie, ȝeo, geo\nEnglish: ye, yee\nScots: ȝe, ye\nYola: ye\nOld Frisian: jī\nNorth Frisian: jam, i (Sylt)\nSaterland Frisian: jie\nWest Frisian: jim, jimme\nOld Saxon: gī\nMiddle Low German: gî, gê, î, y, ie, jê\nLow German: ji, jie\nPlautdietsch: jie\nOld Dutch: gī\nMiddle Dutch: gi\nDutch: gij, jij\nAfrikaans: jy\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ju\nJersey Dutch: jāi\nNegerhollands: joe, ju\nPetjo: jij\nLimburgish: geer\nOld High German: ir, ier, er, aer, gi\nMiddle High German: ir\nAlemannic German: ir\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: iar, iart\nMòcheno: ir\nCentral Franconian: ühr, ihr, dihr (d- from verb ending by rebracketing)\nHunsrik: deer\nLuxembourgish: dir\nGerman: ihr\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: dihr\nYiddish: איר (ir), איהר (ihr)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *jiʀ\nOld English: ġē, gī\nMiddle English: ye, yee, ȝe, ȝee, yeȝ, yhe, ȝhe, ge, iye, yie, ȝie, gie, hye, hie, ȝeo, geo\nEnglish: ye, yee\nScots: ȝe, ye\nYola: ye\nOld Frisian: jī\nNorth Frisian: jam, i (Sylt)\nSaterland Frisian: jie\nWest Frisian: jim, jimme\nOld Saxon: gī\nMiddle Low German: gî, gê, î, y, ie, jê\nLow German: ji, jie\nPlautdietsch: jie\nOld Dutch: gī\nMiddle Dutch: gi\nDutch: gij, jij\nAfrikaans: jy\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ju\nJersey Dutch: jāi\nNegerhollands: joe, ju\nPetjo: jij\nLimburgish: geer\nOld High German: ir, ier, er, aer, gi\nMiddle High German: ir\nAlemannic German: ir\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: iar, iart\nMòcheno: ir\nCentral Franconian: ühr, ihr, dihr (d- from verb ending by rebracketing)\nHunsrik: deer\nLuxembourgish: dir\nGerman: ihr\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: dihr\nYiddish: איר (ir), איהר (ihr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᛃᛁᛉ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᛃᛁᛉ (*jiʀ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᛃᛁᛉ (*jiʀ)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-own",
            "2": "ér",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old West Norse: ér\nIcelandic: ér\n⇒ Old West Norse: þér (← hafið ér)\nIcelandic: þér\nFaroese: tær\nOld Swedish: þær, þæ",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old West Norse: ér\nIcelandic: ér\n⇒ Old West Norse: þér (← hafið ér)\nIcelandic: þér\nFaroese: tær\nOld Swedish: þær, þæ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "*īʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old East Norse: *īʀ",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "*īʀ",
            "noparent": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: īr, ī, ᛁᚱ\nSwedish: I, ni (← hafven I)\nDanish: I\nNorwegian Bokmål: I",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old East Norse: *īʀ\nOld Swedish: īr, ī, ᛁᚱ\nSwedish: I, ni (← hafven I)\nDanish: I\nNorwegian Bokmål: I"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "ir",
            "3": "ᛁᛦ",
            "ts2": "īʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: ir, ᛁᛦ (/⁠īʀ⁠/)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: ir, ᛁᛦ (/⁠īʀ⁠/)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌿𐍃",
            "tr": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jūs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jūs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*yū́"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *yū́",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "*túh₂",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *yū́, plural of *túh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jūz",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you (plural)"
      ],
      "id": "en-jūz-gem-pro-pron-ili7Tmcw",
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "North-West Germanic",
          "word": "jīz"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/juːz/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jūz"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*jiʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *jiʀ\nOld English: ġē, gī\nMiddle English: ye, yee, ȝe, ȝee, yeȝ, yhe, ȝhe, ge, iye, yie, ȝie, gie, hye, hie, ȝeo, geo\nEnglish: ye, yee\nScots: ȝe, ye\nYola: ye\nOld Frisian: jī\nNorth Frisian: jam, i (Sylt)\nSaterland Frisian: jie\nWest Frisian: jim, jimme\nOld Saxon: gī\nMiddle Low German: gî, gê, î, y, ie, jê\nLow German: ji, jie\nPlautdietsch: jie\nOld Dutch: gī\nMiddle Dutch: gi\nDutch: gij, jij\nAfrikaans: jy\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ju\nJersey Dutch: jāi\nNegerhollands: joe, ju\nPetjo: jij\nLimburgish: geer\nOld High German: ir, ier, er, aer, gi\nMiddle High German: ir\nAlemannic German: ir\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: iar, iart\nMòcheno: ir\nCentral Franconian: ühr, ihr, dihr (d- from verb ending by rebracketing)\nHunsrik: deer\nLuxembourgish: dir\nGerman: ihr\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: dihr\nYiddish: איר (ir), איהר (ihr)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *jiʀ\nOld English: ġē, gī\nMiddle English: ye, yee, ȝe, ȝee, yeȝ, yhe, ȝhe, ge, iye, yie, ȝie, gie, hye, hie, ȝeo, geo\nEnglish: ye, yee\nScots: ȝe, ye\nYola: ye\nOld Frisian: jī\nNorth Frisian: jam, i (Sylt)\nSaterland Frisian: jie\nWest Frisian: jim, jimme\nOld Saxon: gī\nMiddle Low German: gî, gê, î, y, ie, jê\nLow German: ji, jie\nPlautdietsch: jie\nOld Dutch: gī\nMiddle Dutch: gi\nDutch: gij, jij\nAfrikaans: jy\nBerbice Creole Dutch: ju\nJersey Dutch: jāi\nNegerhollands: joe, ju\nPetjo: jij\nLimburgish: geer\nOld High German: ir, ier, er, aer, gi\nMiddle High German: ir\nAlemannic German: ir\nBavarian:\nCimbrian: iar, iart\nMòcheno: ir\nCentral Franconian: ühr, ihr, dihr (d- from verb ending by rebracketing)\nHunsrik: deer\nLuxembourgish: dir\nGerman: ihr\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: dihr\nYiddish: איר (ir), איהר (ihr)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "*ᛃᛁᛉ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: *ᛃᛁᛉ (*jiʀ)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: *ᛃᛁᛉ (*jiʀ)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-own",
            "2": "ér",
            "noalts": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old West Norse: ér\nIcelandic: ér\n⇒ Old West Norse: þér (← hafið ér)\nIcelandic: þér\nFaroese: tær\nOld Swedish: þær, þæ",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old West Norse: ér\nIcelandic: ér\n⇒ Old West Norse: þér (← hafið ér)\nIcelandic: þér\nFaroese: tær\nOld Swedish: þær, þæ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "*īʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old East Norse: *īʀ",
          "name": "desc"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non-oen",
            "2": "*īʀ",
            "noparent": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: īr, ī, ᛁᚱ\nSwedish: I, ni (← hafven I)\nDanish: I\nNorwegian Bokmål: I",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old East Norse: *īʀ\nOld Swedish: īr, ī, ᛁᚱ\nSwedish: I, ni (← hafven I)\nDanish: I\nNorwegian Bokmål: I"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-ogt",
            "2": "ir",
            "3": "ᛁᛦ",
            "ts2": "īʀ"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Gutnish: ir, ᛁᛦ (/⁠īʀ⁠/)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Gutnish: ir, ᛁᛦ (/⁠īʀ⁠/)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌾𐌿𐍃",
            "tr": "jūs"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jūs)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌾𐌿𐍃 (jūs)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*yū́"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *yū́",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "*túh₂",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *yū́, plural of *túh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/jūz",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "you (plural)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "you",
          "you"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/juːz/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "North-West Germanic",
      "word": "jīz"
    }
  ],
  "word": "jūz"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.