"ek" meaning in Proto-Germanic

See ek in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Pronoun

IPA: /ek/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*éǵh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂ Inflection templates: {{gem-decl-ppron}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], ek (unstr. *ik) [first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun, singular], þū [nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], *se- [nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mek (unstr. *mik) [accusative, first-person, personal, pronoun, singular], þek (unstr. *þik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], miz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun, singular], þiz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person, singular], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive, singular], mīnaz [first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun, singular], þīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person, singular], sīnaz [personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive, singular], wet (unstr. *wit) [dual, first-person, nominative, personal, pronoun], jut [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], jit [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, second-person], *se- [dual, nominative, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unk [accusative, dual, first-person, personal, pronoun], inkw [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, dual, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkiz [dative, dual, first-person, instrumental, personal, pronoun], inkwiz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, dual, instrumental, personal, pronoun, reflexive], unkeraz [dual, first-person, personal, possessive, pronoun], inkweraz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [dual, personal, possessive, pronoun, reflexive], wīz (unstr. *wiz) [first-person, nominative, personal, plural, pronoun], jūz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], jīz [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], *se- [nominative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], uns [accusative, first-person, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], sek (unstr. *sik) [accusative, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unsiz [dative, first-person, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun], izwiz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, second-person], siz [dative, instrumental, personal, plural, pronoun, reflexive], unseraz [first-person, personal, plural, possessive, pronoun], izweraz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, second-person], sīnaz [personal, plural, possessive, pronoun, reflexive]
  1. I Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: eka, ik

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for ek meaning in Proto-Germanic (9.8kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ik"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ik\nOld English: iċ, ih, ich; iċċ; ᛁᚳ (ic)\nSouthern Middle English: ich\nEnglish: ich (obsolete since 19th century)\nYola: ich (revived)\nNorthern Middle English: ik\nScots: ik (rare)\nLater Middle English: I\nEnglish: I\nScots: A, I\nOld Frisian: ik\nNorth Frisian: ick, ik\nSaterland Frisian: iek\nWest Frisian: ik\nOld Saxon: ik\nMiddle Low German: ik, ek\nGerman Low German: ik\nOld Dutch: ik, ic\nMiddle Dutch: ic, icke\nDutch: ik\nAfrikaans: ek\nBerbice Creole Dutch: eke\nJersey Dutch: äk\nPetjo: ik\nSkepi Creole Dutch: ek\nOld High German: ih\nMiddle High German: ich, ig\nAlemannic German: ich, ig, i\nSensler: [iː]\nSwabian: i\nSathmar Swabian: i\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: ich (Setti Comuni); i (Luserna)\nGottscheerish: iχ, ī, i (unstressed); iχχe (emphatic)\nMòcheno: i\nCentral Franconian: ich, eich, ech\nHunsrückisch: äijsch\nHunsrik: ich [ɪç]\nBritten: [æɪ̯ʃ], [ɪʃ]\nKölsch: ich\nEast Central German:\nErzgebirgisch: iech\nSilesian East Central German: iech\nUpper Saxon German: isch, ische\nEast Franconian: i, iech\nGerman: ich\nLuxembourgish: ech\nRhine Franconian:\nHessian: aisch\nPennsylvania German: ich [ɪç]\nVilamovian: ych\nYiddish: איך (ikh), ich\n→ Limburgish: ich, iech, ik; iich; ech",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ik\nOld English: iċ, ih, ich; iċċ; ᛁᚳ (ic)\nSouthern Middle English: ich\nEnglish: ich (obsolete since 19th century)\nYola: ich (revived)\nNorthern Middle English: ik\nScots: ik (rare)\nLater Middle English: I\nEnglish: I\nScots: A, I\nOld Frisian: ik\nNorth Frisian: ick, ik\nSaterland Frisian: iek\nWest Frisian: ik\nOld Saxon: ik\nMiddle Low German: ik, ek\nGerman Low German: ik\nOld Dutch: ik, ic\nMiddle Dutch: ic, icke\nDutch: ik\nAfrikaans: ek\nBerbice Creole Dutch: eke\nJersey Dutch: äk\nPetjo: ik\nSkepi Creole Dutch: ek\nOld High German: ih\nMiddle High German: ich, ig\nAlemannic German: ich, ig, i\nSensler: [iː]\nSwabian: i\nSathmar Swabian: i\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: ich (Setti Comuni); i (Luserna)\nGottscheerish: iχ, ī, i (unstressed); iχχe (emphatic)\nMòcheno: i\nCentral Franconian: ich, eich, ech\nHunsrückisch: äijsch\nHunsrik: ich [ɪç]\nBritten: [æɪ̯ʃ], [ɪʃ]\nKölsch: ich\nEast Central German:\nErzgebirgisch: iech\nSilesian East Central German: iech\nUpper Saxon German: isch, ische\nEast Franconian: i, iech\nGerman: ich\nLuxembourgish: ech\nRhine Franconian:\nHessian: aisch\nPennsylvania German: ich [ɪç]\nVilamovian: ych\nYiddish: איך (ikh), ich\n→ Limburgish: ich, iech, ik; iich; ech"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᛖᚲ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᛖᚲ (ek), ᛖᚴ (ek), ᛖᚴᛡ (ekᴀ), -ᛖᚳᚨ (-eka), -ᚴᛡ (-kᴀ)\nOld Norse: ek, iak; ec; -k\nIcelandic: ek, eg, ég\nFaroese: eg, jeg\nNorn: eg\nNorwegian: ej, é, eig, í, æg, æj, æ, je, jæj (dialectal)\nNorwegian Nynorsk: eg\nJamtish: jeg\nDalian: ik, ig\nElfdalian: ig\nOld Swedish: iak, iæk; iag, iagh, iach; ᛁᛆᚴ\nSwedish: jag\nOld Danish: iak, iæk, iægh, æk, ak\nDanish: jeg, a, æ, ja, jæ\nNorwegian Bokmål: jeg\nScanian: jağ\nJutish: æ\nOld Gutnish: iek",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᛖᚲ (ek), ᛖᚴ (ek), ᛖᚴᛡ (ekᴀ), -ᛖᚳᚨ (-eka), -ᚴᛡ (-kᴀ)\nOld Norse: ek, iak; ec; -k\nIcelandic: ek, eg, ég\nFaroese: eg, jeg\nNorn: eg\nNorwegian: ej, é, eig, í, æg, æj, æ, je, jæj (dialectal)\nNorwegian Nynorsk: eg\nJamtish: jeg\nDalian: ik, ig\nElfdalian: ig\nOld Swedish: iak, iæk; iag, iagh, iach; ᛁᛆᚴ\nSwedish: jag\nOld Danish: iak, iæk, iægh, æk, ak\nDanish: jeg, a, æ, ja, jæ\nNorwegian Bokmål: jeg\nScanian: jağ\nJutish: æ\nOld Gutnish: iek"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌺 (ik)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌺 (ik)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "ich"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: ich",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: ich"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xvn",
            "2": "*ic"
          },
          "expansion": "Vandalic: *ic",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Vandalic: *ic"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*éǵh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ek",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
          "parents": [
            "Personal pronouns",
            "Pronouns",
            "Lemmas"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "I"
      ],
      "id": "en-ek-gem-pro-pron-qD3QzL~-",
      "links": [
        [
          "I",
          "I"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "eka"
        },
        {
          "word": "ik"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ek/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ek"
}
{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*ik"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *ik\nOld English: iċ, ih, ich; iċċ; ᛁᚳ (ic)\nSouthern Middle English: ich\nEnglish: ich (obsolete since 19th century)\nYola: ich (revived)\nNorthern Middle English: ik\nScots: ik (rare)\nLater Middle English: I\nEnglish: I\nScots: A, I\nOld Frisian: ik\nNorth Frisian: ick, ik\nSaterland Frisian: iek\nWest Frisian: ik\nOld Saxon: ik\nMiddle Low German: ik, ek\nGerman Low German: ik\nOld Dutch: ik, ic\nMiddle Dutch: ic, icke\nDutch: ik\nAfrikaans: ek\nBerbice Creole Dutch: eke\nJersey Dutch: äk\nPetjo: ik\nSkepi Creole Dutch: ek\nOld High German: ih\nMiddle High German: ich, ig\nAlemannic German: ich, ig, i\nSensler: [iː]\nSwabian: i\nSathmar Swabian: i\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: ich (Setti Comuni); i (Luserna)\nGottscheerish: iχ, ī, i (unstressed); iχχe (emphatic)\nMòcheno: i\nCentral Franconian: ich, eich, ech\nHunsrückisch: äijsch\nHunsrik: ich [ɪç]\nBritten: [æɪ̯ʃ], [ɪʃ]\nKölsch: ich\nEast Central German:\nErzgebirgisch: iech\nSilesian East Central German: iech\nUpper Saxon German: isch, ische\nEast Franconian: i, iech\nGerman: ich\nLuxembourgish: ech\nRhine Franconian:\nHessian: aisch\nPennsylvania German: ich [ɪç]\nVilamovian: ych\nYiddish: איך (ikh), ich\n→ Limburgish: ich, iech, ik; iich; ech",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *ik\nOld English: iċ, ih, ich; iċċ; ᛁᚳ (ic)\nSouthern Middle English: ich\nEnglish: ich (obsolete since 19th century)\nYola: ich (revived)\nNorthern Middle English: ik\nScots: ik (rare)\nLater Middle English: I\nEnglish: I\nScots: A, I\nOld Frisian: ik\nNorth Frisian: ick, ik\nSaterland Frisian: iek\nWest Frisian: ik\nOld Saxon: ik\nMiddle Low German: ik, ek\nGerman Low German: ik\nOld Dutch: ik, ic\nMiddle Dutch: ic, icke\nDutch: ik\nAfrikaans: ek\nBerbice Creole Dutch: eke\nJersey Dutch: äk\nPetjo: ik\nSkepi Creole Dutch: ek\nOld High German: ih\nMiddle High German: ich, ig\nAlemannic German: ich, ig, i\nSensler: [iː]\nSwabian: i\nSathmar Swabian: i\nBavarian: i\nCimbrian: ich (Setti Comuni); i (Luserna)\nGottscheerish: iχ, ī, i (unstressed); iχχe (emphatic)\nMòcheno: i\nCentral Franconian: ich, eich, ech\nHunsrückisch: äijsch\nHunsrik: ich [ɪç]\nBritten: [æɪ̯ʃ], [ɪʃ]\nKölsch: ich\nEast Central German:\nErzgebirgisch: iech\nSilesian East Central German: iech\nUpper Saxon German: isch, ische\nEast Franconian: i, iech\nGerman: ich\nLuxembourgish: ech\nRhine Franconian:\nHessian: aisch\nPennsylvania German: ich [ɪç]\nVilamovian: ych\nYiddish: איך (ikh), ich\n→ Limburgish: ich, iech, ik; iich; ech"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-pro",
            "2": "ᛖᚲ"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-Norse: ᛖᚲ (ek), ᛖᚴ (ek), ᛖᚴᛡ (ekᴀ), -ᛖᚳᚨ (-eka), -ᚴᛡ (-kᴀ)\nOld Norse: ek, iak; ec; -k\nIcelandic: ek, eg, ég\nFaroese: eg, jeg\nNorn: eg\nNorwegian: ej, é, eig, í, æg, æj, æ, je, jæj (dialectal)\nNorwegian Nynorsk: eg\nJamtish: jeg\nDalian: ik, ig\nElfdalian: ig\nOld Swedish: iak, iæk; iag, iagh, iach; ᛁᛆᚴ\nSwedish: jag\nOld Danish: iak, iæk, iægh, æk, ak\nDanish: jeg, a, æ, ja, jæ\nNorwegian Bokmål: jeg\nScanian: jağ\nJutish: æ\nOld Gutnish: iek",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-Norse: ᛖᚲ (ek), ᛖᚴ (ek), ᛖᚴᛡ (ekᴀ), -ᛖᚳᚨ (-eka), -ᚴᛡ (-kᴀ)\nOld Norse: ek, iak; ec; -k\nIcelandic: ek, eg, ég\nFaroese: eg, jeg\nNorn: eg\nNorwegian: ej, é, eig, í, æg, æj, æ, je, jæj (dialectal)\nNorwegian Nynorsk: eg\nJamtish: jeg\nDalian: ik, ig\nElfdalian: ig\nOld Swedish: iak, iæk; iag, iagh, iach; ᛁᛆᚴ\nSwedish: jag\nOld Danish: iak, iæk, iægh, æk, ak\nDanish: jeg, a, æ, ja, jæ\nNorwegian Bokmål: jeg\nScanian: jağ\nJutish: æ\nOld Gutnish: iek"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌹𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌺 (ik)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌹𐌺 (ik)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gme-cgo",
            "2": "ich"
          },
          "expansion": "Crimean Gothic: ich",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Crimean Gothic: ich"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xvn",
            "2": "*ic"
          },
          "expansion": "Vandalic: *ic",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Vandalic: *ic"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*éǵh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *éǵh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "gem-decl-ppron",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ek (unstr. *ik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þū",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mek (unstr. *mik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þek (unstr. *þik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "miz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "mīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "þīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wet (unstr. *wit)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jut",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jit",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unk",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkw",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "dual",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unkeraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "inkweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dual",
        "personal",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "wīz (unstr. *wiz)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jūz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "jīz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "*se-",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "uns",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sek (unstr. *sik)",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unsiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "first-person",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izwiz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "instrumental",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "unseraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "izweraz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sīnaz",
      "source": "inflection",
      "tags": [
        "personal",
        "plural",
        "possessive",
        "pronoun",
        "reflexive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "gem-decl-ppron"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ek",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-Germanic personal pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic pronouns",
        "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "I"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "I",
          "I"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ek/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "eka"
    },
    {
      "word": "ik"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ek"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Germanic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-27 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (bb24e0f and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.