"predicative" meaning in English

See predicative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/ [UK, US], /ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/ [UK, US] Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-predicative.wav [US]
Etymology: predicate + -ive Etymology templates: {{suffix|en|predicate|ive}} predicate + -ive Head templates: {{en-adj|-}} predicative (not comparable)
  1. (grammar, of an adjectival or nominal phrase) Modifying a noun while in a predicate phrase, which predicate phrase is other than the noun phrase and occurs after a verb, as a predicate; contrasted with attributive. Tags: not-comparable, of an adjectival or nominal phrase Categories (topical): Grammar Derived forms: predicative adjective, predicative adverbial, predicative case, predicatively Translations (used after a verb): 作表語的 (Chinese Mandarin), 作表语的 (zuò biǎoyǔ de) (Chinese Mandarin), prædikativ (Danish), predicatief (Dutch), predikativa (Esperanto), predikatiivinen (Finnish), attributif (French), გარემოება (garemoeba) (Georgian), prädikativ (German), κατηγορηματικός (katigorimatikós) [masculine] (Greek), predicativo (Italian), predikativ (Norwegian), atributiu (Occitan), orzecznikowy (Polish), predicativo (Portuguese), предикати́вный (predikatívnyj) (Russian), aisneiseach (Scottish Gaelic), predikativ (Swedish), yüklemcil (Turkish), traethiadol (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-predicative-en-adj-w2iMUd0U Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English terms suffixed with -ive Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -ive: 41 22 37 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: prædicative [dated]

Noun

IPA: /ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/ [UK, US], /ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/ [UK, US] Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-predicative.wav [US] Forms: predicatives [plural]
Etymology: predicate + -ive Etymology templates: {{suffix|en|predicate|ive}} predicate + -ive Head templates: {{en-noun}} predicative (plural predicatives)
  1. (grammar) An element of the predicate of a sentence which complements the subject or object by means of the verb. Predicatives may be nominal or adjectival. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb): 表語 (Chinese Mandarin), 表语 (biǎoyǔ) (Chinese Mandarin), predikatiivi (Finnish), attribut [masculine] (French), Prädikativum [neuter] (German), Prädikativ [neuter] (German), κατηγορούμενο (katigoroúmeno) [neuter] (Greek), predikatif (Indonesian), 述詞 (jutsushi) (Japanese), 叙述語 (jojutsugo) (Japanese), atribut [masculine] (Occitan), orzecznik [masculine] (Polish), predicativo [masculine] (Portuguese), именна́я часть составно́го сказу́емого (imennája častʹ sostavnóvo skazújemovo) [feminine] (Russian), предикати́в (predikatív) [masculine] (Russian), přísudkový (Slovak), predikativna (Slovene), predikativ (Swedish), мустанадӣ (mustanadī) (Tajik), predikatiw (Turkmen)
    Sense id: en-predicative-en-noun-ycQBirsZ Categories (other): English terms suffixed with -ive Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -ive: 41 22 37 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb': 87 13
  2. (grammar) In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being): предикати́в (predikatív) [masculine] (Russian), катего́рия состоя́ния (kategórija sostojánija) [feminine] (Russian), предикати́в (predykatýv) [masculine] (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-predicative-en-noun-4RY-HBTW Categories (other): English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -ive, Parts of speech Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 24 23 53 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -ive: 41 22 37 Disambiguation of Parts of speech: 4 6 91 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being': 10 90
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: prædicative [dated]

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for predicative meaning in English (14.0kB)

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          "word": "predicative adjective"
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          "word": "predicative adverbial"
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          "word": "predicative case"
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          "word": "predicatively"
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        {
          "text": "In the sentence, ‘This house is big’, ‘big’ is predicative, whereas in ‘This is a big house’, it is attributive.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "Compound adjectives are typically hyphenated in attributive position (for example, 'a high-quality scan is a must'), whereas in predicative position, many house styles specify open styling (for example, 'this scan is high quality.'",
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        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "作表語的"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zuò biǎoyǔ de",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "作表语的"
        },
        {
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "prædikativ"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predicatief"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predikativa"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predikatiivinen"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "attributif"
        },
        {
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "garemoeba",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "გარემოება"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "prädikativ"
        },
        {
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "katigorimatikós",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "κατηγορηματικός"
        },
        {
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predicativo"
        },
        {
          "code": "no",
          "lang": "Norwegian",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predikativ"
        },
        {
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "atributiu"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "orzecznikowy"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predicativo"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "predikatívnyj",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "предикати́вный"
        },
        {
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "aisneiseach"
        },
        {
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "predikativ"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "yüklemcil"
        },
        {
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "used after a verb",
          "word": "traethiadol"
        }
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      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
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      "word": "prædicative"
    }
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    "Predicative"
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      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "表語"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "biǎoyǔ",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "表语"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "predikatiivi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "attribut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Prädikativum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Prädikativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "katigoroúmeno",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "κατηγορούμενο"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "predikatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "jutsushi",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "述詞"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "jojutsugo",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "叙述語"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "oc",
          "lang": "Occitan",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "atribut"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "orzecznik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "predicativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "imennája častʹ sostavnóvo skazújemovo",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "именна́я часть составно́го сказу́емого"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "predikatív",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "предикати́в"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "přísudkový"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "predikativna"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "predikativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "tg",
          "lang": "Tajik",
          "roman": "mustanadī",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "мустанадӣ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "87 13",
          "code": "tk",
          "lang": "Turkmen",
          "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
          "word": "predikatiw"
        }
      ]
    },
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          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
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          "name": "Parts of speech",
          "orig": "en:Parts of speech",
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      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1957, Morton Benson, “The Problem of Predicatives in Russian”, in The Slavic and East European Journal, volume 1, number 4, →DOI, →ISSN, →JSTOR, page 285",
          "text": "A predicative in Russian is an uninflected word that regularly constitutes a complete utterance when standing alone, i.e., when preceded and followed by silence.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, Sergey Say, “On the Nature of Dative Arguments in Russian Constructions with “Predicatives””, in I. Kor Chahine, editor, Current Studies in Slavic Linguistics (Studies in Language Companion Series), page 226",
          "text": "Traditional grammars usually differentiate between neuter short adjectives and predicatives based on whether there is an overt nominative subject; hence курение вредно ‘smoking (noun) is harmful’ is viewed as a clause with nominative subject, zero copula and neuter short form adjective that agrees with the subject in gender, whereas курить вредно (same meaning, literally ‘to smoke is harmful’) is often viewed as an impersonal clause with predicative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being."
      ],
      "id": "en-predicative-en-noun-4RY-HBTW",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "part of speech",
          "part of speech"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "10 90",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "predikatív",
          "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "предикати́в"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 90",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "kategórija sostojánija",
          "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "катего́рия состоя́ния"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "10 90",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "predykatýv",
          "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "предикати́в"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-predicative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "prædicative"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Predicative"
  ],
  "word": "predicative"
}
{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "attributive"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms suffixed with -ive",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "en:Parts of speech"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "predicative adjective"
    },
    {
      "word": "predicative adverbial"
    },
    {
      "word": "predicative case"
    },
    {
      "word": "predicatively"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "predicate",
        "3": "ive"
      },
      "expansion": "predicate + -ive",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "predicate + -ive",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "predicative (not comparable)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "In the sentence, ‘This house is big’, ‘big’ is predicative, whereas in ‘This is a big house’, it is attributive.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "Compound adjectives are typically hyphenated in attributive position (for example, 'a high-quality scan is a must'), whereas in predicative position, many house styles specify open styling (for example, 'this scan is high quality.'",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Modifying a noun while in a predicate phrase, which predicate phrase is other than the noun phrase and occurs after a verb, as a predicate; contrasted with attributive."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "adjectival",
          "adjectival"
        ],
        [
          "nominal",
          "nominal"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ],
        [
          "attributive",
          "attributive#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar, of an adjectival or nominal phrase) Modifying a noun while in a predicate phrase, which predicate phrase is other than the noun phrase and occurs after a verb, as a predicate; contrasted with attributive."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable",
        "of an adjectival or nominal phrase"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-predicative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "prædicative"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "作表語的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zuò biǎoyǔ de",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "作表语的"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "prædikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predicatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predikativa"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predikatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "attributif"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "garemoeba",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "გარემოება"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "prädikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "katigorimatikós",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "κατηγορηματικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predicativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "no",
      "lang": "Norwegian",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "atributiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "orzecznikowy"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predicativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "predikatívnyj",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "предикати́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "aisneiseach"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "predikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "yüklemcil"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "used after a verb",
      "word": "traethiadol"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Predicative"
  ],
  "word": "predicative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms suffixed with -ive",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncomparable adjectives",
    "en:Parts of speech"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "predicate",
        "3": "ive"
      },
      "expansion": "predicate + -ive",
      "name": "suffix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "predicate + -ive",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "predicatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "predicative (plural predicatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An element of the predicate of a sentence which complements the subject or object by means of the verb. Predicatives may be nominal or adjectival."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ],
        [
          "complements",
          "complement#English:_subject"
        ],
        [
          "subject",
          "subject"
        ],
        [
          "object",
          "object"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ],
        [
          "nominal",
          "nominal"
        ],
        [
          "adjectival",
          "adjectival"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) An element of the predicate of a sentence which complements the subject or object by means of the verb. Predicatives may be nominal or adjectival."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1957, Morton Benson, “The Problem of Predicatives in Russian”, in The Slavic and East European Journal, volume 1, number 4, →DOI, →ISSN, →JSTOR, page 285",
          "text": "A predicative in Russian is an uninflected word that regularly constitutes a complete utterance when standing alone, i.e., when preceded and followed by silence.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2013, Sergey Say, “On the Nature of Dative Arguments in Russian Constructions with “Predicatives””, in I. Kor Chahine, editor, Current Studies in Slavic Linguistics (Studies in Language Companion Series), page 226",
          "text": "Traditional grammars usually differentiate between neuter short adjectives and predicatives based on whether there is an overt nominative subject; hence курение вредно ‘smoking (noun) is harmful’ is viewed as a clause with nominative subject, zero copula and neuter short form adjective that agrees with the subject in gender, whereas курить вредно (same meaning, literally ‘to smoke is harmful’) is often viewed as an impersonal clause with predicative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "part of speech",
          "part of speech"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) In some languages, a special part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.dɪ.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈpɹɛ.də.kə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK",
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Persent101-predicative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/7/7a/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Persent101-predicative.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (US)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "prædicative"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "表語"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "biǎoyǔ",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "表语"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "predikatiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "attribut"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Prädikativum"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Prädikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "katigoroúmeno",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "κατηγορούμενο"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "predikatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "jutsushi",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "述詞"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "jojutsugo",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "叙述語"
    },
    {
      "code": "oc",
      "lang": "Occitan",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "atribut"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "orzecznik"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "predicativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "imennája častʹ sostavnóvo skazújemovo",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "именна́я часть составно́го сказу́емого"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "predikatív",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "предикати́в"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "přísudkový"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "predikativna"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "predikativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tg",
      "lang": "Tajik",
      "roman": "mustanadī",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "мустанадӣ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tk",
      "lang": "Turkmen",
      "sense": "element of the predicate of a sentence which supplements the subject or object by means of the verb",
      "word": "predikatiw"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "predikatív",
      "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "предикати́в"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "kategórija sostojánija",
      "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "катего́рия состоя́ния"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "predykatýv",
      "sense": "a part of speech used as a predicate and denoting a state of being",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "предикати́в"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Predicative"
  ],
  "word": "predicative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.