"auk" meaning in All languages combined

See auk on Wiktionary

Noun [English]

IPA: /ɔːk/ Forms: auks [plural]
Rhymes: -ɔːk Etymology: From Icelandic álka, from Old Norse alka (“auk”), from Proto-Germanic *alkǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”). Cognate with Swedish alka (“auk”), Norwegian and Danish alke (“auk”), Swedish dialectal alla (“long-tailed duck”) (Clangula hyemalis, syn. Fuligula glacialis), Latin olor (“swan”), Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”), Welsh alarch (“swan”). Etymology templates: {{der|en|is|álka}} Icelandic álka, {{der|en|non|alka||auk}} Old Norse alka (“auk”), {{der|en|gem-pro|*alkǭ}} Proto-Germanic *alkǭ, {{der|en|ine-pro|*h₁el-||a kind of bird}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”), {{cog|sv|alka||auk}} Swedish alka (“auk”), {{cog|no|-}} Norwegian, {{cog|da|alke||auk}} Danish alke (“auk”), {{cog|sv|-}} Swedish, {{m|sv|alla||long-tailed duck}} alla (“long-tailed duck”), {{taxfmt|Clangula hyemalis|species}} Clangula hyemalis, {{taxlink|Fuligula glacialis|species}} Fuligula glacialis, {{cog|la|olor||swan}} Latin olor (“swan”), {{cog|grc|ἐλέα||marsh-bird}} Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”), {{cog|cy|alarch||swan}} Welsh alarch (“swan”) Head templates: {{en-noun}} auk (plural auks)
  1. Any of several species of Arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae. Wikipedia link: auk Categories (lifeform): Auks Synonyms: alcid, awk, alk Derived forms: great auk, little auk, parakeet auk, paroquet auk, perroquet auk, razor-billed auk Translations (seabird of the family Alcidae): гагарка (gagarka) (Bulgarian), àlcid (Catalan), 海雀科 (hǎiquèkē) (Chinese Mandarin), alka [feminine] (Czech), alk [feminine] (Dutch), aŭko (Esperanto), svartfuglur [masculine] (Faroese), ruokki (Finnish), pingouin [masculine] (French), arao romeiro [masculine] (Galician), Alk [masculine] (German), अलका (alkā) (Hindi), alka (Hungarian), falcóg [feminine] (Irish), alca [feminine] (Italian), 海雀 (umisuzume) (Japanese), alk [masculine] (Manx), अलका (alkā) (Marathi), alka [feminine] (Old Norse), alka [feminine] (Polish), torda [feminine] (Portuguese), alcă [feminine] (Romanian), pinguin nordic [masculine] (Romanian), гага́рка (gagárka) [feminine] (Russian), alka [feminine] (Slovak), alca [feminine] (Spanish), alka [common-gender] (Swedish), carfil [masculine] (Welsh)

Noun [Estonian]

Etymology: From Proto-Finnic *aukko. Cognate to Finnish aukko, Livonian ouk and Votic aukko. Etymology templates: {{inh|et|urj-fin-pro|*aukko}} Proto-Finnic *aukko, {{cog|fi|aukko}} Finnish aukko, {{cog|liv|ouk}} Livonian ouk, {{cog|vot|aukko}} Votic aukko Head templates: {{head|et|nouns|genitive|augu|||partitive|auku|||cat2=|f1request=1|f3request=1|head=}} auk (genitive augu, partitive auku), {{et-noun|augu|auku}} auk (genitive augu, partitive auku) Inflection templates: {{et-decl-riik|au|k|g|u}} Forms: augu [genitive], auku [partitive], no-table-tags [table-tags], auk [nominative, singular], augud [nominative, plural], auk [accusative, nominative, singular], augud [accusative, nominative, plural], augu [accusative, genitive, singular], augud [accusative, genitive, plural], augu [genitive, singular], aukude [genitive, plural], auku [partitive, singular], auke [partitive, plural], aukusid [partitive, plural], auku [illative, singular], augusse [illative, singular], aukudesse [illative, plural], augesse [illative, plural], augus [inessive, singular], aukudes [inessive, plural], auges [inessive, plural], august [elative, singular], aukudest [elative, plural], augest [elative, plural], augule [allative, singular], aukudele [allative, plural], augele [allative, plural], augul [adessive, singular], aukudel [adessive, plural], augel [adessive, plural], augult [ablative, singular], aukudelt [ablative, plural], augelt [ablative, plural], auguks [singular, translative], aukudeks [plural, translative], augeks [plural, translative], auguni [singular, terminative], aukudeni [plural, terminative], auguna [essive, singular], aukudena [essive, plural], auguta [abessive, singular], aukudeta [abessive, plural], auguga [comitative, singular], aukudega [comitative, plural]
  1. hole, cavity
    Sense id: en-auk-et-noun-Pw4nZeKw Categories (other): Estonian entries with incorrect language header, Estonian riik-type nominals Disambiguation of Estonian entries with incorrect language header: 60 3 37 Disambiguation of Estonian riik-type nominals: 60 12 28
  2. pit
    Sense id: en-auk-et-noun-0tFl3~BL
  3. gap, opening
    Sense id: en-auk-et-noun-W2NPDXBW
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: must auk, auklik

Romanization [Gothic]

Head templates: {{head|got|romanization|head=}} auk, {{got-rom}} auk
  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌿𐌺 Tags: alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: 𐌰𐌿𐌺
    Sense id: en-auk-got-romanization-j2NUGTXg Categories (other): Gothic entries with incorrect language header, Gothic romanizations

Preposition [Icelandic]

IPA: [øyːk]
Rhymes: -øyːk Etymology: From Old Norse auk Etymology templates: {{inh|is|non|auk}} Old Norse auk Head templates: {{head|is|preposition}} auk
  1. (governs the genitive) in addition to Tags: with-genitive Derived forms: að auki, þar að auki (english: besides, moreover), auk heldur, auk þess heldur, aukin heldur, auk þess

Noun [Inuktitut]

Head templates: {{head|iu|noun}} auk
  1. Latin spelling of ᐊᐅᒃ (aok) Tags: alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: ᐊᐅᒃ (extra: aok)
    Sense id: en-auk-iu-noun-XD~IhbQE Categories (other): Inuktitut entries with incorrect language header, Inuktitut terms in Latin script

Verb [Norwegian Bokmål]

Head templates: {{head|nb|verb form}} auk
  1. imperative of auke Tags: form-of, imperative Form of: auke
    Sense id: en-auk-nb-verb-XgFeBZHM Categories (other): Norwegian Bokmål entries with incorrect language header

Verb [Norwegian Nynorsk]

Head templates: {{head|nn|verb form}} auk
  1. imperative of auka Tags: form-of, imperative Form of: auka
    Sense id: en-auk-nn-verb-xXPnVATz Categories (other): Norwegian Nynorsk entries with incorrect language header

Conjunction [Old Norse]

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”). Cognate with Old English ēac, Old Frisian āk, Old Saxon ōk, Old High German ouh, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk). Etymology templates: {{inh|non|gem-pro|*auk||also}} Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”), {{cog|ang|ēac}} Old English ēac, {{cog|ofs|āk||}} Old Frisian āk, {{cog|osx|ōk}} Old Saxon ōk, {{cog|goh|ouh}} Old High German ouh, {{cog|got|𐌰𐌿𐌺}} Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk) Head templates: {{head|non|conjunction|runic script|ᛅᚢᚴ}} auk (runic script ᛅᚢᚴ)
  1. and
    Sense id: en-auk-non-conj-YgERG4Og
  2. also, too
    Sense id: en-auk-non-conj-gfFjydy1
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ok
Categories (other): Old Norse entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Old Norse entries with incorrect language header: 0 0

Adverb [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ɑu̯k/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂ew||away, again}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”), {{m|ine-pro|*ge|pos=intensifier}} *ge (intensifier), {{cog|grc|αὖ||again}} Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), {{m|grc|γε||at least, at any rate}} γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), {{cog|grc|αὖγε}} Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge), {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂ewg-}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-
  1. also, too Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-auk-gem-pro-adv-gfFjydy1
  2. furthermore, in addition Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-auk-gem-pro-adv-YZJDmxrq Categories (other): Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header: 0 100
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: aukaną

Conjunction [Proto-Germanic]

IPA: /ɑu̯k/
Etymology: From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-. Etymology templates: {{inh|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂ew||away, again}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”), {{m|ine-pro|*ge|pos=intensifier}} *ge (intensifier), {{cog|grc|αὖ||again}} Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), {{m|grc|γε||at least, at any rate}} γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), {{cog|grc|αὖγε}} Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge), {{der|gem-pro|ine-pro|*h₂ewg-}} Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-
  1. and Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: *andi, *jahw
    Sense id: en-auk-gem-pro-conj-YgERG4Og
  2. but also Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-auk-gem-pro-conj-UYKcJVvb
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Related terms: ak

Adverb [Proto-West Germanic]

Etymology: From Proto-Germanic *auk. Etymology templates: {{inh|gmw-pro|gem-pro|*auk}} Proto-Germanic *auk Head templates: {{head|gmw-pro|adverb}} *auk
  1. also, too Tags: reconstruction
    Sense id: en-auk-gmw-pro-adv-gfFjydy1 Categories (other): Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Sakizaya]

Head templates: {{head|szy|noun}} auk
  1. bamboo
    Sense id: en-auk-szy-noun-rdF0Pq5b Categories (other): Sakizaya entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Tocharian B]

Etymology: From Proto-Tocharian *ewk, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis) and Sanskrit अहि (ahi). Etymology templates: {{inh|txb|ine-toc-pro|*ewk}} Proto-Tocharian *ewk, {{inh|txb|ine-pro|*h₁ógʷʰis}} Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis, {{cog|grc|ὄφις}} Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis), {{cog|sa|अहि}} Sanskrit अहि (ahi) Head templates: {{head|txb|noun|g=?|head=}} auk ?, {{txb-noun||?}} auk ?
  1. snake, serpent Categories (lifeform): Reptiles
    Sense id: en-auk-txb-noun-qotPEiWf Categories (other): Tocharian B entries with incorrect language header

Noun [Yup'ik]

Head templates: {{head|esu|noun}} auk
  1. blood Categories (topical): Body

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for auk meaning in All languages combined (31.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "is",
        "3": "álka"
      },
      "expansion": "Icelandic álka",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "alka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse alka (“auk”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*alkǭ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *alkǭ",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁el-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a kind of bird"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "alka",
        "3": "",
        "4": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish alka (“auk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alke",
        "3": "",
        "4": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alke (“auk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "alla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "long-tailed duck"
      },
      "expansion": "alla (“long-tailed duck”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Clangula hyemalis",
        "2": "species"
      },
      "expansion": "Clangula hyemalis",
      "name": "taxfmt"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Fuligula glacialis",
        "2": "species"
      },
      "expansion": "Fuligula glacialis",
      "name": "taxlink"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "olor",
        "3": "",
        "4": "swan"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin olor (“swan”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἐλέα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "marsh-bird"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "alarch",
        "3": "",
        "4": "swan"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh alarch (“swan”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Icelandic álka, from Old Norse alka (“auk”), from Proto-Germanic *alkǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”). Cognate with Swedish alka (“auk”), Norwegian and Danish alke (“auk”), Swedish dialectal alla (“long-tailed duck”) (Clangula hyemalis, syn. Fuligula glacialis), Latin olor (“swan”), Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”), Welsh alarch (“swan”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "auks",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "auk (plural auks)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Auks",
          "orig": "en:Auks",
          "parents": [
            "Seabirds",
            "Birds",
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "great auk"
        },
        {
          "word": "little auk"
        },
        {
          "word": "parakeet auk"
        },
        {
          "word": "paroquet auk"
        },
        {
          "word": "perroquet auk"
        },
        {
          "word": "razor-billed auk"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2018 June 20, Louise Tickle, The Guardian",
          "text": "Further afield, these auks are also in dire straits: Norway has seen vertiginous crashes, with hundreds of thousands of adult puffins in the once-teeming colony of Røst struggling to fledge any chicks in recent years.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any of several species of Arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae."
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-en-noun-1DXv4gbr",
      "links": [
        [
          "several",
          "several"
        ],
        [
          "species",
          "species"
        ],
        [
          "Arctic",
          "Arctic"
        ],
        [
          "sea bird",
          "sea bird"
        ],
        [
          "family",
          "family"
        ],
        [
          "Alcidae",
          "Alcidae#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "alcid"
        },
        {
          "word": "awk"
        },
        {
          "word": "alk"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "gagarka",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "гагарка"
        },
        {
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "àlcid"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "hǎiquèkē",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "海雀科"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alk"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "aŭko"
        },
        {
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "svartfuglur"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "ruokki"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "pingouin"
        },
        {
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "arao romeiro"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Alk"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "note": "Alkenvogel (family: Alkenvögel)",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ]
        },
        {
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "alkā",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "अलका"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "falcóg"
        },
        {
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alca"
        },
        {
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "umisuzume",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "海雀"
        },
        {
          "code": "gv",
          "lang": "Manx",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "alk"
        },
        {
          "code": "mr",
          "lang": "Marathi",
          "roman": "alkā",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "word": "अलका"
        },
        {
          "code": "non",
          "lang": "Old Norse",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "torda"
        },
        {
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alcă"
        },
        {
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "pinguin nordic"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "gagárka",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "гага́рка"
        },
        {
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "alca"
        },
        {
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "alka"
        },
        {
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "carfil"
        }
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "auk"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːk/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːk"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "awk"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "orc (in non-rhotic accents)"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "must auk"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "auklik"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *aukko",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish aukko",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "ouk"
      },
      "expansion": "Livonian ouk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vot",
        "2": "aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Votic aukko",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *aukko. Cognate to Finnish aukko, Livonian ouk and Votic aukko.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "tags": [
        "partitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "et-decl-riik",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "k-g gradation",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "22e/riik",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auk",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auk",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukude",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auke",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukusid",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augusse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudesse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augesse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auges",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "august",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudest",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augest",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augule",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudele",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augele",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augul",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudel",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augel",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augult",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudelt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augelt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augeks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "terminative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "terminative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "essive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudena",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "essive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguta",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "abessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeta",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "abessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "comitative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudega",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "comitative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "10": "",
        "2": "nouns",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "augu",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "partitive",
        "8": "auku",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f3request": "1",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk (genitive augu, partitive auku)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "augu",
        "2": "auku"
      },
      "expansion": "auk (genitive augu, partitive auku)",
      "name": "et-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "au",
        "2": "k",
        "3": "g",
        "4": "u"
      },
      "name": "et-decl-riik"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Estonian",
  "lang_code": "et",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "60 3 37",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Estonian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "60 12 28",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Estonian riik-type nominals",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hole, cavity"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-et-noun-Pw4nZeKw",
      "links": [
        [
          "hole",
          "hole"
        ],
        [
          "cavity",
          "cavity"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "pit"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-et-noun-0tFl3~BL",
      "links": [
        [
          "pit",
          "pit"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "gap, opening"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-et-noun-W2NPDXBW",
      "links": [
        [
          "gap",
          "gap"
        ],
        [
          "opening",
          "opening"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "got-rom"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Gothic",
  "lang_code": "got",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gothic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gothic romanizations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𐌰𐌿𐌺"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-got-romanization-j2NUGTXg",
      "links": [
        [
          "𐌰𐌿𐌺",
          "𐌰𐌿𐌺#Gothic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse auk",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse auk",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Icelandic",
  "lang_code": "is",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Icelandic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Icelandic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with language name categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Icelandic prepositions",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Icelandic prepositions that govern the genitive",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "að auki"
        },
        {
          "english": "besides, moreover",
          "word": "þar að auki"
        },
        {
          "word": "auk heldur"
        },
        {
          "word": "auk þess heldur"
        },
        {
          "word": "aukin heldur"
        },
        {
          "word": "auk þess"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in addition to"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-is-prep-~c5WOhPg",
      "links": [
        [
          "in addition",
          "in addition"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(governs the genitive) in addition to"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[øyːk]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-øyːk"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "iu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Inuktitut",
  "lang_code": "iu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "aok",
          "word": "ᐊᐅᒃ"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Inuktitut entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Inuktitut terms in Latin script",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Latin spelling of ᐊᐅᒃ (aok)"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-iu-noun-XD~IhbQE",
      "links": [
        [
          "ᐊᐅᒃ",
          "ᐊᐅᒃ#Inuktitut"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Norwegian Bokmål entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "auke"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of auke"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-nb-verb-XgFeBZHM",
      "links": [
        [
          "auke",
          "auke#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Norwegian Nynorsk entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "auka"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of auka"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-nn-verb-xXPnVATz",
      "links": [
        [
          "auka",
          "auka#Norwegian Nynorsk"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "_dis": "0 0",
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
      "parents": [
        "Entries with incorrect language header",
        "Entry maintenance"
      ],
      "source": "w+disamb"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "auk",
            "3": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: auk, og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: auk, og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "og",
            "3": "au",
            "4": "aug",
            "5": ";",
            "6": "ok<q:dialectal>",
            "7": "auk",
            "8": "ug"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "au",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: au",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: au"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-jmk",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Jamtish: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Jamtish: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ok",
            "3": "oc",
            "4": "och",
            "5": "ogh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "och",
            "3": "ock"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: och, ock",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: och, ock"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "oc"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: oc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: oc"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "oc",
            "3": "ok",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: oc, ok",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: oc, ok"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "okname",
            "3": "ockname",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Scots: okname, ockname",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Scots: okname, ockname"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*auk",
        "4": "",
        "5": "also"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ēac"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English ēac",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ofs",
        "2": "āk",
        "3": "",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Frisian āk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "osx",
        "2": "ōk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon ōk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "ouh"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ouh",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”). Cognate with Old English ēac, Old Frisian āk, Old Saxon ōk, Old High German ouh, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "conjunction",
        "3": "runic script",
        "4": "ᛅᚢᚴ"
      },
      "expansion": "auk (runic script ᛅᚢᚴ)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "and"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-non-conj-YgERG4Og",
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-non-conj-gfFjydy1",
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ok"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "szy",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sakizaya",
  "lang_code": "szy",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Sakizaya entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bamboo"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-szy-noun-rdF0Pq5b",
      "links": [
        [
          "bamboo",
          "bamboo"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "ine-toc-pro",
        "3": "*ewk"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tocharian *ewk",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁ógʷʰis"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὄφις"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अहि"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अहि (ahi)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Tocharian *ewk, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis) and Sanskrit अहि (ahi).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "?",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk ?",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "",
        "2": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "auk ?",
      "name": "txb-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tocharian B",
  "lang_code": "txb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Tocharian B entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "lifeform",
          "langcode": "txb",
          "name": "Reptiles",
          "orig": "txb:Reptiles",
          "parents": [
            "Vertebrates",
            "Chordates",
            "Animals",
            "Lifeforms",
            "All topics",
            "Life",
            "Fundamental",
            "Nature"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "snake, serpent"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-txb-noun-qotPEiWf",
      "links": [
        [
          "snake",
          "snake"
        ],
        [
          "serpent",
          "serpent"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "esu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Yup'ik",
  "lang_code": "esu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Yup'ik entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Yup'ik entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "esu",
          "name": "Body",
          "orig": "esu:Body",
          "parents": [
            "Human",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "blood"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-esu-noun-Po5AwK9f",
      "links": [
        [
          "blood",
          "blood"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*auk"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *auk\nOld English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)\nOld Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk\nOld Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch\nMiddle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok\nOld High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *auk\nOld English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)\nOld Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk\nOld Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch\nMiddle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok\nOld High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "auk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: auk, ok\nIcelandic: auk, og\nFaroese: og\nNorwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: au\nJamtish: og\nElfdalian: og\nOld Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh\nSwedish: och, ock\nOld Danish: oc\nDanish: og\nNorwegian Bokmål: og\n→ Middle English: oc, ok\n⇒ Scots: okname, ockname",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: auk, ok\nIcelandic: auk, og\nFaroese: og\nNorwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: au\nJamtish: og\nElfdalian: og\nOld Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh\nSwedish: och, ock\nOld Danish: oc\nDanish: og\nNorwegian Bokmål: og\n→ Middle English: oc, ok\n⇒ Scots: okname, ockname"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ew",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, again"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge",
        "pos": "intensifier"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge (intensifier)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "again"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γε",
        "3": "",
        "4": "at least, at any rate"
      },
      "expansion": "γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖγε"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ewg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "aukaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-gem-pro-adv-gfFjydy1",
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "0 100",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "furthermore, in addition"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-gem-pro-adv-YZJDmxrq",
      "links": [
        [
          "furthermore",
          "furthermore"
        ],
        [
          "in addition",
          "in addition"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑu̯k/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ew",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, again"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge",
        "pos": "intensifier"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge (intensifier)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "again"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γε",
        "3": "",
        "4": "at least, at any rate"
      },
      "expansion": "γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖγε"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ewg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ak"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "and"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-gem-pro-conj-YgERG4Og",
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*andi"
        },
        {
          "word": "*jahw"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "but also"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-gem-pro-conj-UYKcJVvb",
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑu̯k/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ēac"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "āk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ōk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ōk",
            "3": "ouk",
            "4": "ouch"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ooc"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ouh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *auk",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *auk.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "adverb"
      },
      "expansion": "*auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "id": "en-auk-gmw-pro-adv-gfFjydy1",
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "great auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "little auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "parakeet auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "paroquet auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "perroquet auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "razor-billed auk"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "is",
        "3": "álka"
      },
      "expansion": "Icelandic álka",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "alka",
        "4": "",
        "5": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse alka (“auk”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*alkǭ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *alkǭ",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁el-",
        "4": "",
        "5": "a kind of bird"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "alka",
        "3": "",
        "4": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish alka (“auk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "no",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Norwegian",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "da",
        "2": "alke",
        "3": "",
        "4": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Danish alke (“auk”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Swedish",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sv",
        "2": "alla",
        "3": "",
        "4": "long-tailed duck"
      },
      "expansion": "alla (“long-tailed duck”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Clangula hyemalis",
        "2": "species"
      },
      "expansion": "Clangula hyemalis",
      "name": "taxfmt"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Fuligula glacialis",
        "2": "species"
      },
      "expansion": "Fuligula glacialis",
      "name": "taxlink"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "olor",
        "3": "",
        "4": "swan"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin olor (“swan”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ἐλέα",
        "3": "",
        "4": "marsh-bird"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cy",
        "2": "alarch",
        "3": "",
        "4": "swan"
      },
      "expansion": "Welsh alarch (“swan”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Icelandic álka, from Old Norse alka (“auk”), from Proto-Germanic *alkǭ, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁el- (“a kind of bird”). Cognate with Swedish alka (“auk”), Norwegian and Danish alke (“auk”), Swedish dialectal alla (“long-tailed duck”) (Clangula hyemalis, syn. Fuligula glacialis), Latin olor (“swan”), Ancient Greek ἐλέα (eléa, “marsh-bird”), Welsh alarch (“swan”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "auks",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "auk (plural auks)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English 1-syllable words",
        "English countable nouns",
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "English lemmas",
        "English nouns",
        "English terms derived from Icelandic",
        "English terms derived from Old Norse",
        "English terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "English terms with homophones",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Entries using missing taxonomic name (species)",
        "Rhymes:English/ɔːk",
        "Rhymes:English/ɔːk/1 syllable",
        "en:Auks"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "2018 June 20, Louise Tickle, The Guardian",
          "text": "Further afield, these auks are also in dire straits: Norway has seen vertiginous crashes, with hundreds of thousands of adult puffins in the once-teeming colony of Røst struggling to fledge any chicks in recent years.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Any of several species of Arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "several",
          "several"
        ],
        [
          "species",
          "species"
        ],
        [
          "Arctic",
          "Arctic"
        ],
        [
          "sea bird",
          "sea bird"
        ],
        [
          "family",
          "family"
        ],
        [
          "Alcidae",
          "Alcidae#Translingual"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "alcid"
        }
      ],
      "wikipedia": [
        "auk"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɔːk/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-ɔːk"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "awk"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "orc (in non-rhotic accents)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "awk"
    },
    {
      "word": "alk"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "gagarka",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "гагарка"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "àlcid"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "hǎiquèkē",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "海雀科"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alk"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "aŭko"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "svartfuglur"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "ruokki"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "pingouin"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "arao romeiro"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Alk"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "note": "Alkenvogel (family: Alkenvögel)",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "alkā",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "अलका"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "falcóg"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alca"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "umisuzume",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "海雀"
    },
    {
      "code": "gv",
      "lang": "Manx",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "alk"
    },
    {
      "code": "mr",
      "lang": "Marathi",
      "roman": "alkā",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "word": "अलका"
    },
    {
      "code": "non",
      "lang": "Old Norse",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "torda"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alcă"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "pinguin nordic"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "gagárka",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "гага́рка"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "alca"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "alka"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "seabird of the family Alcidae",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "carfil"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Estonian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Estonian lemmas",
    "Estonian nouns",
    "Estonian riik-type nominals",
    "Estonian terms derived from Proto-Finnic",
    "Estonian terms inherited from Proto-Finnic"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "must auk"
    },
    {
      "word": "auklik"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "2": "urj-fin-pro",
        "3": "*aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Finnic *aukko",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "fi",
        "2": "aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Finnish aukko",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "liv",
        "2": "ouk"
      },
      "expansion": "Livonian ouk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vot",
        "2": "aukko"
      },
      "expansion": "Votic aukko",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Finnic *aukko. Cognate to Finnish aukko, Livonian ouk and Votic aukko.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "tags": [
        "partitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "et-decl-riik",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "k-g gradation",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "22e/riik",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auk",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auk",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augud",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukude",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auke",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukusid",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "partitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auku",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augusse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudesse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augesse",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "illative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augus",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudes",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auges",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "august",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudest",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augest",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "elative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augule",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudele",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augele",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "allative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augul",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudel",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augel",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "adessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augult",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudelt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augelt",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "ablative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "augeks",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "translative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "terminative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeni",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "terminative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguna",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "essive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudena",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "essive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguta",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "abessive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudeta",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "abessive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "auguga",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "comitative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "aukudega",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "comitative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "et",
        "10": "",
        "2": "nouns",
        "3": "genitive",
        "4": "augu",
        "5": "",
        "6": "",
        "7": "partitive",
        "8": "auku",
        "9": "",
        "cat2": "",
        "f1request": "1",
        "f3request": "1",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk (genitive augu, partitive auku)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "augu",
        "2": "auku"
      },
      "expansion": "auk (genitive augu, partitive auku)",
      "name": "et-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "au",
        "2": "k",
        "3": "g",
        "4": "u"
      },
      "name": "et-decl-riik"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Estonian",
  "lang_code": "et",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "hole, cavity"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hole",
          "hole"
        ],
        [
          "cavity",
          "cavity"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "pit"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "pit",
          "pit"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "gap, opening"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "gap",
          "gap"
        ],
        [
          "opening",
          "opening"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "got-rom"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Gothic",
  "lang_code": "got",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Gothic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Gothic non-lemma forms",
        "Gothic romanizations"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Romanization of 𐌰𐌿𐌺"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "𐌰𐌿𐌺",
          "𐌰𐌿𐌺#Gothic"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "að auki"
    },
    {
      "english": "besides, moreover",
      "word": "þar að auki"
    },
    {
      "word": "auk heldur"
    },
    {
      "word": "auk þess heldur"
    },
    {
      "word": "aukin heldur"
    },
    {
      "word": "auk þess"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "non",
        "3": "auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Norse auk",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Norse auk",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "is",
        "2": "preposition"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Icelandic",
  "lang_code": "is",
  "pos": "prep",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Icelandic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Icelandic entries with language name categories using raw markup",
        "Icelandic lemmas",
        "Icelandic prepositions",
        "Icelandic prepositions that govern the genitive",
        "Icelandic terms derived from Old Norse",
        "Icelandic terms inherited from Old Norse",
        "Icelandic terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Rhymes:Icelandic/øyːk",
        "Rhymes:Icelandic/øyːk/1 syllable"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in addition to"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "in addition",
          "in addition"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(governs the genitive) in addition to"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "with-genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[øyːk]"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-øyːk"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "iu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Inuktitut",
  "lang_code": "iu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "aok",
          "word": "ᐊᐅᒃ"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Inuktitut entries with incorrect language header",
        "Inuktitut lemmas",
        "Inuktitut nouns",
        "Inuktitut terms in Latin script"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Latin spelling of ᐊᐅᒃ (aok)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ᐊᐅᒃ",
          "ᐊᐅᒃ#Inuktitut"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nb",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
  "lang_code": "nb",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Norwegian Bokmål entries with incorrect language header",
        "Norwegian Bokmål non-lemma forms",
        "Norwegian Bokmål verb forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "auke"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of auke"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "auke",
          "auke#Norwegian Bokmål"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nn",
        "2": "verb form"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
  "lang_code": "nn",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Norwegian Nynorsk entries with incorrect language header",
        "Norwegian Nynorsk non-lemma forms",
        "Norwegian Nynorsk verb forms"
      ],
      "form_of": [
        {
          "word": "auka"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "imperative of auka"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "auka",
          "auka#Norwegian Nynorsk"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "form-of",
        "imperative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Old Norse conjunctions",
    "Old Norse entries with incorrect language header",
    "Old Norse lemmas",
    "Old Norse terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
    "Old Norse terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "is",
            "2": "auk",
            "3": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Icelandic: auk, og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Icelandic: auk, og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "fo",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Faroese: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Faroese: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nn",
            "2": "og",
            "3": "au",
            "4": "aug",
            "5": ";",
            "6": "ok<q:dialectal>",
            "7": "auk",
            "8": "ug"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "au",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: au",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Norwegian Bokmål: au"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-jmk",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Jamtish: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Jamtish: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ovd",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Elfdalian: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Elfdalian: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-osw",
            "2": "ok",
            "3": "oc",
            "4": "och",
            "5": "ogh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sv",
            "2": "och",
            "3": "ock"
          },
          "expansion": "Swedish: och, ock",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Swedish: och, ock"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmq-oda",
            "2": "oc"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Danish: oc",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Danish: oc"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "da",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Danish: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Danish: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nb",
            "2": "og"
          },
          "expansion": "Norwegian Bokmål: og",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Norwegian Bokmål: og"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "enm",
            "2": "oc",
            "3": "ok",
            "bor": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "→ Middle English: oc, ok",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "→ Middle English: oc, ok"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sco",
            "2": "okname",
            "3": "ockname",
            "der": "1"
          },
          "expansion": "⇒ Scots: okname, ockname",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "⇒ Scots: okname, ockname"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*auk",
        "4": "",
        "5": "also"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ang",
        "2": "ēac"
      },
      "expansion": "Old English ēac",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ofs",
        "2": "āk",
        "3": "",
        "4": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Frisian āk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "osx",
        "2": "ōk"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon ōk",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "goh",
        "2": "ouh"
      },
      "expansion": "Old High German ouh",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "got",
        "2": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
      },
      "expansion": "Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *auk (“also”). Cognate with Old English ēac, Old Frisian āk, Old Saxon ōk, Old High German ouh, Gothic 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "non",
        "2": "conjunction",
        "3": "runic script",
        "4": "ᛅᚢᚴ"
      },
      "expansion": "auk (runic script ᛅᚢᚴ)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Old Norse",
  "lang_code": "non",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "and"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ok"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
    "Proto-Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gmw-pro",
            "2": "*auk"
          },
          "expansion": "Proto-West Germanic: *auk\nOld English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)\nOld Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk\nOld Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch\nMiddle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok\nOld High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Proto-West Germanic: *auk\nOld English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)\nOld Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek\nOld Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk\nOld Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch\nMiddle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok\nOld High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "non",
            "2": "auk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Norse: auk, ok\nIcelandic: auk, og\nFaroese: og\nNorwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: au\nJamtish: og\nElfdalian: og\nOld Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh\nSwedish: och, ock\nOld Danish: oc\nDanish: og\nNorwegian Bokmål: og\n→ Middle English: oc, ok\n⇒ Scots: okname, ockname",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Norse: auk, ok\nIcelandic: auk, og\nFaroese: og\nNorwegian Nynorsk: og, au, aug; (dialectal) ok, auk, ug\n→ Norwegian Bokmål: au\nJamtish: og\nElfdalian: og\nOld Swedish: ok, oc, och, ogh\nSwedish: och, ock\nOld Danish: oc\nDanish: og\nNorwegian Bokmål: og\n→ Middle English: oc, ok\n⇒ Scots: okname, ockname"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "got",
            "2": "𐌰𐌿𐌺"
          },
          "expansion": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gothic: 𐌰𐌿𐌺 (auk)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ew",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, again"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge",
        "pos": "intensifier"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge (intensifier)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "again"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γε",
        "3": "",
        "4": "at least, at any rate"
      },
      "expansion": "γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖγε"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ewg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "aukaną"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "furthermore, in addition"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "furthermore",
          "furthermore"
        ],
        [
          "in addition",
          "in addition"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑu̯k/"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "Brill Publishers"
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Proto-Germanic adverbs",
    "Proto-Germanic conjunctions",
    "Proto-Germanic lemmas",
    "Proto-Germanic terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Proto-Germanic terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ew",
        "4": "",
        "5": "away, again"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ine-pro",
        "2": "*ge",
        "pos": "intensifier"
      },
      "expansion": "*ge (intensifier)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "again"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "γε",
        "3": "",
        "4": "at least, at any rate"
      },
      "expansion": "γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αὖγε"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gem-pro",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₂ewg-"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ew (“away, again”) + *ge (intensifier); compare Ancient Greek αὖ (aû, “again”), γε (ge, “at least, at any rate”), also found as Ancient Greek αὖγε (aûge). But compare also Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewg-.",
  "lang": "Proto-Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gem-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "conj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "ak"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "and"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "and",
          "and"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "*andi"
        },
        {
          "word": "*jahw"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "but also"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "but",
          "but"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɑu̯k/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ang",
            "2": "ēac"
          },
          "expansion": "Old English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old English: ēac, ek, ec; æac\nMiddle English: ek, eek, eke\nScots: eik, ek\nEnglish: eke\n⇒ Middle English: ekename\n⇒ English: nickname (via rebracketing)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ofs",
            "2": "āk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Frisian: āk\nNorth Frisian:\nFöhr-Amrum: uk\nSaterland Frisian: uk, ook\nWest Frisian: ek"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "osx",
            "2": "ōk"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Saxon: ōk\nMiddle Low German: ôk\nDutch Low Saxon: ok, ook\nGerman Low German: ok, auk, ock, ohk, ook\nPlautdietsch: uk"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "odt",
            "2": "ōk",
            "3": "ouk",
            "4": "ouch"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Dutch: ōk, ouk, ouch"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "dum",
            "2": "ooc"
          },
          "expansion": "Middle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Middle Dutch: ooc\nDutch: ook\nAfrikaans: ook\nBerbice Creole Dutch: oko\nJersey Dutch: ôk\nNegerhollands: ook\nPetjo: ook\nSkepi Creole Dutch: oak\nWest Flemish: wok"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "goh",
            "2": "ouh"
          },
          "expansion": "Old High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)",
          "name": "desctree"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old High German: ouh\nMiddle High German: ouch\nAlemannic German: au\nAlemannic German: ou\nCimbrian: òch\nGerman: auch\nLuxembourgish: och\nHunsrik: aach\nRhine Franconian:\nPennsylvania German: aa\nYiddish: אויך (oykh)"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "gem-pro",
        "3": "*auk"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Germanic *auk",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Germanic *auk.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "gmw-pro",
        "2": "adverb"
      },
      "expansion": "*auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-West Germanic",
  "lang_code": "gmw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-West Germanic/auk",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-West Germanic adverbs",
        "Proto-West Germanic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-West Germanic lemmas",
        "Proto-West Germanic terms derived from Proto-Germanic",
        "Proto-West Germanic terms inherited from Proto-Germanic"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "also, too"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "also",
          "also"
        ],
        [
          "too",
          "too"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "szy",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Sakizaya",
  "lang_code": "szy",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Sakizaya entries with incorrect language header",
        "Sakizaya lemmas",
        "Sakizaya nouns"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bamboo"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bamboo",
          "bamboo"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "ine-toc-pro",
        "3": "*ewk"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tocharian *ewk",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*h₁ógʷʰis"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "ὄφις"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sa",
        "2": "अहि"
      },
      "expansion": "Sanskrit अहि (ahi)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Tocharian *ewk, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ógʷʰis. Cognate with Ancient Greek ὄφις (óphis) and Sanskrit अहि (ahi).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "txb",
        "2": "noun",
        "g": "?",
        "head": ""
      },
      "expansion": "auk ?",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "",
        "2": "?"
      },
      "expansion": "auk ?",
      "name": "txb-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Tocharian B",
  "lang_code": "txb",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Requests for gender in Tocharian B entries",
        "Tocharian B entries with incorrect language header",
        "Tocharian B lemmas",
        "Tocharian B nouns",
        "Tocharian B terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Tocharian B terms derived from Proto-Tocharian",
        "Tocharian B terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Tocharian B terms inherited from Proto-Tocharian",
        "txb:Reptiles"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "snake, serpent"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "snake",
          "snake"
        ],
        [
          "serpent",
          "serpent"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "esu",
        "2": "noun"
      },
      "expansion": "auk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Yup'ik",
  "lang_code": "esu",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Yup'ik entries with incorrect language header",
        "Yup'ik entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Yup'ik lemmas",
        "Yup'ik nouns",
        "esu:Body"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "blood"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "blood",
          "blood"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "auk"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (ee658f9 and be4df6b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.