"掛ける" meaning in Japanese

See 掛ける in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Conjunction

IPA: [ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ] Forms: 掛ける [canonical] (ruby: ()), kakeru [romanization]
Etymology: From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern. Development Natural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE. Etymology templates: {{inh|ja|ojp|掛く|sort=かける|t=|tr=kaku}} Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), {{m|ja|下二段活用|t=lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下二段活用||lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下一段活用||lower monograde conjugation|tr=shimo ichidan katsuyō}} 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) Head templates: {{ja-pos|conjunction|かける}} 掛(か)ける • (kakeru)
  1. (mathematics) times (multiplication) Categories (topical): Mathematics Coordinate_terms: 足す (tasu) (ruby: ()), 引く (hiku) (ruby: ()), 割る (waru) (ruby: ())
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-conj-GZ5ziVeQ Categories (other): Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys, Japanese links with manual fragments, Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys, Japanese verbs without transitivity Disambiguation of Japanese links with manual fragments: 27 3 5 3 6 7 6 8 3 27 4 Disambiguation of Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys: 44 2 3 2 3 5 5 5 2 26 3 Disambiguation of Japanese verbs without transitivity: 13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8 Topics: mathematics, sciences

Suffix

IPA: [ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]
Etymology: From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern. Development Natural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE. Etymology templates: {{inh|ja|ojp|掛く|sort=かける|t=|tr=kaku}} Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), {{m|ja|下二段活用|t=lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下二段活用||lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下一段活用||lower monograde conjugation|tr=shimo ichidan katsuyō}} 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) Head templates: {{ja-pos|suffix|かける}} 掛(か)ける • (-kakeru) Forms: 掛ける [canonical] (ruby: ()), -kakeru [romanization], no-table-tags [table-tags], 掛け [error-unrecognized-form], かけ [error-unrecognized-form], kake [error-unrecognized-form], 掛ける [error-unrecognized-form], かける [error-unrecognized-form], kakeru [error-unrecognized-form], 掛けれ [error-unrecognized-form], かけれ [error-unrecognized-form], kakere [error-unrecognized-form], 掛けよ [error-unrecognized-form, imperative, literary], 掛けろ [colloquial, error-unrecognized-form, imperative], かけよ [error-unrecognized-form, imperative, literary], かけろ [colloquial, error-unrecognized-form, imperative], kakeyo [error-unrecognized-form, imperative, literary], kakero [colloquial, error-unrecognized-form, imperative], 掛けられる [passive], かけられる [passive], kakerareru [passive], 掛けさせる [causative], 掛けさす [causative], かけさせる [causative], かけさす [causative], kakesaseru [causative], kakesasu [causative], 掛けられる [potential], 掛けれる [colloquial, potential], かけられる [potential], かけれる [colloquial, potential], kakerareru [potential], kakereru [colloquial, potential], 掛けよう [volitional], かけよう [volitional], kakeyō [volitional], 掛けない [negative], 掛けぬ [negative], 掛けん [negative], かけない [negative], かけぬ [negative], かけん [negative], kakenai [negative], kakenu [negative], kaken [negative], 掛けず [continuative, negative], かけず [continuative, negative], kakezu [continuative, negative], 掛けます [formal], かけます [formal], kakemasu [formal], 掛けた [perfective], かけた [perfective], kaketa [perfective], 掛けて [conjunctive], かけて [conjunctive], kakete [conjunctive], 掛ければ [conditional, hypothetical], かければ [conditional, hypothetical], kakereba [conditional, hypothetical]
  1. to address someone, to direct, to do (something to someone) Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-suffix-qDqVBjeS
  2. to be about to, to begin Tags: morpheme Related terms (to pun): もじる (mojiru)
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-suffix-yc-d0zpw Disambiguation of 'to pun': 0 70 30
  3. in the middle of, to begin (not complete) Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-suffix--zRBBYIx
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms (sit): 座る (suwaru) (ruby: (すわ)) (english: to sit in general, including on the floor) Related terms: 掛かる (kakaru) (ruby: ())
Disambiguation of 'sit': 0 0 0

Verb

IPA: [ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ] Forms: 掛ける [canonical] (ruby: ()), kakeru [romanization], 掛け [stem] (ruby: ()), 掛けた [past] (ruby: ())
Etymology: From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern. Development Natural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru. First attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE. Etymology templates: {{inh|ja|ojp|掛く|sort=かける|t=|tr=kaku}} Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), {{m|ja|下二段活用|t=lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下二段活用||lower bigrade conjugation|tr=shimo nidan katsuyō}} 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”), {{m|ja|下一段活用||lower monograde conjugation|tr=shimo ichidan katsuyō}} 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) Head templates: {{ja-verb|かける|type=2}} 掛(か)ける • (kakeru) ichidan (stem 掛(か)け (kake), past 掛(か)けた (kaketa))
  1. (transitive) hang (a picture, etc.); hoist; raise (a flag); fly (a kite) Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-mBZSRkzp
  2. (transitive) multiply Tags: transitive
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-DTG8YY0o Categories (other): Japanese verbs without transitivity Disambiguation of Japanese verbs without transitivity: 13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8
  3. to sit (on a chair or bench, but not on the floor)
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-Ai1NzL5i
  4. to speak, to give an order etc., to call out, to call on the telephone
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-xPase6SY Categories (other): Japanese verbs without transitivity Disambiguation of Japanese verbs without transitivity: 13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8
  5. to pour onto, to shake onto, to splash, to drip
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-f1LGoJFV
  6. to wear a piece of clothing
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-UcpYBUBL Categories (other): Japanese links with manual fragments, Japanese links with redundant alt parameters, Japanese links with redundant wikilinks Disambiguation of Japanese links with manual fragments: 27 3 5 3 6 7 6 8 3 27 4 Disambiguation of Japanese links with redundant alt parameters: 22 2 4 3 5 7 7 7 7 31 5 Disambiguation of Japanese links with redundant wikilinks: 24 3 5 3 5 8 7 7 3 32 4
  7. to pun (謎掛け)
    Sense id: en-掛ける-ja-verb-vhZJM-t8

Download JSON data for 掛ける meaning in Japanese (17.5kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛け",
      "roman": "kake",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けた",
      "roman": "kaketa",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "かける",
        "type": "2"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (kakeru) ichidan (stem 掛(か)け (kake), past 掛(か)けた (kaketa))",
      "name": "ja-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I always thought it was just some tasteless picture that the teacher had hung up.",
          "ref": "1907, 夏目漱石, 野分",
          "roman": "Sensei wa tada kihin no nai ga o kaketa mono da to omotta bakari de aru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "先生",
              "せんせい"
            ],
            [
              "気品",
              "きひん"
            ],
            [
              "画",
              "が"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "思",
              "おも"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "先生はただ気品のない画を掛けたものだと思ったばかりである。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hang (a picture, etc.); hoist; raise (a flag); fly (a kite)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-mBZSRkzp",
      "links": [
        [
          "hang",
          "hang"
        ],
        [
          "hoist",
          "hoist"
        ],
        [
          "raise",
          "raise"
        ],
        [
          "fly",
          "fly"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) hang (a picture, etc.); hoist; raise (a flag); fly (a kite)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese verbs without transitivity",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Multiply 2 by 3 and you get 6.",
          "roman": "Ni ni san o kakeru to roku ni naru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "2",
              "に"
            ],
            [
              "3",
              "さん"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "6",
              "ろく"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "2に3を掛けると6になる。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "multiply"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-DTG8YY0o",
      "links": [
        [
          "multiply",
          "multiply"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) multiply"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "please have a seat",
          "roman": "o-kake kudasai",
          "text": "おかけください",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Manako sits in the chair quietly and examines Hayashi's face.",
          "ref": "1937, 久生十蘭, 魔都",
          "roman": "Manako wa shizuka ni isu ni kakete Hayashi no kao o chūshi suru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "真名古",
              "まなこ"
            ],
            [
              "静",
              "しず"
            ],
            [
              "椅子",
              "いす"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "林",
              "はやし"
            ],
            [
              "顔",
              "かお"
            ],
            [
              "注視",
              "ちゅうし"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "真名古は静かに椅子に掛けて林の顔を注視する。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sit (on a chair or bench, but not on the floor)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-Ai1NzL5i"
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese verbs without transitivity",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The priest called out.",
          "ref": "1925, 国枝史郎, 郷介法師",
          "roman": "Sono hōshi wa koe o kaketa.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "法師",
              "ほうし"
            ],
            [
              "声",
              "こえ"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "その法師は声を掛けた。"
        },
        {
          "english": "Give me a call.",
          "ref": "1931, 永井荷風, つゆのあとさき",
          "roman": "Chotto denwa o kakete kure.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "電話",
              "でんわ"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "ちょっと電話を掛けてくれ。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to speak, to give an order etc., to call out, to call on the telephone"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-xPase6SY",
      "links": [
        [
          "speak",
          "speak"
        ],
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ],
        [
          "call out",
          "call out"
        ],
        [
          "call",
          "call"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "There he was, burping, with drool dripping onto his right hand.",
          "ref": "1946, 織田作之助, 土曜夫人",
          "roman": "Peppetto, migi no te ni tsuba o kakete, geppu o shite ita.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "右",
              "みぎ"
            ],
            [
              "手",
              "て"
            ],
            [
              "唾",
              "つば"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "ペッペッと、右の手に唾を掛けて、げっぷをしていた。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to pour onto, to shake onto, to splash, to drip"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-f1LGoJFV",
      "links": [
        [
          "pour",
          "pour"
        ],
        [
          "shake",
          "shake"
        ],
        [
          "splash",
          "splash"
        ],
        [
          "drip",
          "drip"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "27 3 5 3 6 7 6 8 3 27 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 2 4 3 5 7 7 7 7 31 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 3 5 3 5 8 7 7 3 32 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1908, 伊藤左千夫, 隣の嫁",
          "roman": "Shōsaku came out of the bath and wore his kimono without worrying about that.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "省作",
              "しょうさく"
            ],
            [
              "湯",
              "ゆ"
            ],
            [
              "出",
              "で"
            ],
            [
              "着物",
              "きもの"
            ],
            [
              "着",
              "き"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "省作はそれにはかまわず、湯を出て着物を着掛けている。\nShōsaku wa sore ni wa kamawazu, yu o dete kimono o kikakete iru."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to wear a piece of clothing"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-UcpYBUBL",
      "links": [
        [
          "wear",
          "wear"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ruby": [
            [
              "解",
              "と"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "○○とかけて××と解く。\n○○ To kakete ×× to toku."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to pun (謎掛け)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-verb-vhZJM-t8",
      "links": [
        [
          "pun",
          "pun"
        ],
        [
          "謎掛け",
          "謎掛け#Japanese"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ja-ichi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛け",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kake",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かける",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けれ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけれ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakere",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けよ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けろ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけよ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけろ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakero",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakerareru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けさせる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けさす",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけさせる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけさす",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakesaseru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakesasu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けれる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけれる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakerareru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakereru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けよう",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけよう",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeyō",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けない",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けぬ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けん",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけない",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけぬ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけん",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakenai",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakenu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kaken",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けず",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけず",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakezu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けます",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけます",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakemasu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けた",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけた",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kaketa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けて",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけて",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakete",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛ければ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かければ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakereba",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix",
        "2": "かける"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (-kakeru)",
      "name": "ja-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "roman": "kakaru",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "word": "掛かる"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "An old man spoke to me suddenly.",
          "roman": "Rōjin ga watashi ni totsuzen hanashikaketa.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "老人",
              "ろうじん"
            ],
            [
              "私",
              "わたし"
            ],
            [
              "突然話",
              "とつぜんはな"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "老人が私に突然話しかけた。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to address someone, to direct, to do (something to someone)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-suffix-qDqVBjeS",
      "links": [
        [
          "address",
          "address"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "about to speak something but didn't",
          "roman": "iikakete yameru",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "言",
              "い"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "言いかけてやめる"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be about to, to begin"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-suffix-yc-d0zpw",
      "related": [
        {
          "_dis1": "0 70 30",
          "roman": "mojiru",
          "sense": "to pun",
          "word": "もじる"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "in the middle of reading a long novel",
          "roman": "chōhen o yomikakeru",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "長編",
              "ちょうへん"
            ],
            [
              "読",
              "よ"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "長編を読みかける"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in the middle of, to begin (not complete)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-suffix--zRBBYIx",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "english": "to sit in general, including on the floor",
      "roman": "suwaru",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "座",
          "すわ"
        ]
      ],
      "sense": "sit",
      "word": "座る"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "conjunction",
        "2": "かける"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (kakeru)",
      "name": "ja-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "ja",
          "name": "Mathematics",
          "orig": "ja:Mathematics",
          "parents": [
            "Formal sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "27 3 5 3 6 7 6 8 3 27 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "44 2 3 2 3 5 5 5 2 26 3",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "13 6 9 8 8 15 9 12 6 6 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese verbs without transitivity",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "coordinate_terms": [
        {
          "roman": "tasu",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "足",
              "た"
            ]
          ],
          "word": "足す"
        },
        {
          "roman": "hiku",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "引",
              "ひ"
            ]
          ],
          "word": "引く"
        },
        {
          "roman": "waru",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "割",
              "わ"
            ]
          ],
          "word": "割る"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "2 times 3 is 6.",
          "roman": "Ni kakeru san wa roku.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "2",
              "に"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "3",
              "さん"
            ],
            [
              "6",
              "ろく"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "2掛ける3は6。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "times (multiplication)"
      ],
      "id": "en-掛ける-ja-conj-GZ5ziVeQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "mathematics",
          "mathematics"
        ],
        [
          "times",
          "times"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(mathematics) times (multiplication)"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "mathematics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Japanese conjunctions",
    "Japanese lemmas",
    "Japanese links with manual fragments",
    "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Japanese links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Japanese suffixes",
    "Japanese terms derived from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms inherited from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms spelled with secondary school kanji",
    "Japanese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
    "Japanese terms written with one Han script character",
    "Japanese type 2 verbs",
    "Japanese verbs",
    "Japanese verbs without transitivity"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛け",
      "roman": "kake",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "stem"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けた",
      "roman": "kaketa",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "past"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "かける",
        "type": "2"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (kakeru) ichidan (stem 掛(か)け (kake), past 掛(か)けた (kaketa))",
      "name": "ja-verb"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples",
        "Japanese transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I always thought it was just some tasteless picture that the teacher had hung up.",
          "ref": "1907, 夏目漱石, 野分",
          "roman": "Sensei wa tada kihin no nai ga o kaketa mono da to omotta bakari de aru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "先生",
              "せんせい"
            ],
            [
              "気品",
              "きひん"
            ],
            [
              "画",
              "が"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "思",
              "おも"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "先生はただ気品のない画を掛けたものだと思ったばかりである。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "hang (a picture, etc.); hoist; raise (a flag); fly (a kite)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "hang",
          "hang"
        ],
        [
          "hoist",
          "hoist"
        ],
        [
          "raise",
          "raise"
        ],
        [
          "fly",
          "fly"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) hang (a picture, etc.); hoist; raise (a flag); fly (a kite)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples",
        "Japanese transitive verbs"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Multiply 2 by 3 and you get 6.",
          "roman": "Ni ni san o kakeru to roku ni naru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "2",
              "に"
            ],
            [
              "3",
              "さん"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "6",
              "ろく"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "2に3を掛けると6になる。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "multiply"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "multiply",
          "multiply"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive) multiply"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "please have a seat",
          "roman": "o-kake kudasai",
          "text": "おかけください",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Manako sits in the chair quietly and examines Hayashi's face.",
          "ref": "1937, 久生十蘭, 魔都",
          "roman": "Manako wa shizuka ni isu ni kakete Hayashi no kao o chūshi suru.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "真名古",
              "まなこ"
            ],
            [
              "静",
              "しず"
            ],
            [
              "椅子",
              "いす"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "林",
              "はやし"
            ],
            [
              "顔",
              "かお"
            ],
            [
              "注視",
              "ちゅうし"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "真名古は静かに椅子に掛けて林の顔を注視する。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to sit (on a chair or bench, but not on the floor)"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "The priest called out.",
          "ref": "1925, 国枝史郎, 郷介法師",
          "roman": "Sono hōshi wa koe o kaketa.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "法師",
              "ほうし"
            ],
            [
              "声",
              "こえ"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "その法師は声を掛けた。"
        },
        {
          "english": "Give me a call.",
          "ref": "1931, 永井荷風, つゆのあとさき",
          "roman": "Chotto denwa o kakete kure.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "電話",
              "でんわ"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "ちょっと電話を掛けてくれ。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to speak, to give an order etc., to call out, to call on the telephone"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "speak",
          "speak"
        ],
        [
          "give",
          "give"
        ],
        [
          "call out",
          "call out"
        ],
        [
          "call",
          "call"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "There he was, burping, with drool dripping onto his right hand.",
          "ref": "1946, 織田作之助, 土曜夫人",
          "roman": "Peppetto, migi no te ni tsuba o kakete, geppu o shite ita.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "右",
              "みぎ"
            ],
            [
              "手",
              "て"
            ],
            [
              "唾",
              "つば"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "ペッペッと、右の手に唾を掛けて、げっぷをしていた。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to pour onto, to shake onto, to splash, to drip"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "pour",
          "pour"
        ],
        [
          "shake",
          "shake"
        ],
        [
          "splash",
          "splash"
        ],
        [
          "drip",
          "drip"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1908, 伊藤左千夫, 隣の嫁",
          "roman": "Shōsaku came out of the bath and wore his kimono without worrying about that.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "省作",
              "しょうさく"
            ],
            [
              "湯",
              "ゆ"
            ],
            [
              "出",
              "で"
            ],
            [
              "着物",
              "きもの"
            ],
            [
              "着",
              "き"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "省作はそれにはかまわず、湯を出て着物を着掛けている。\nShōsaku wa sore ni wa kamawazu, yu o dete kimono o kikakete iru."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to wear a piece of clothing"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "wear",
          "wear"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples",
        "Requests for translations of Japanese usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ruby": [
            [
              "解",
              "と"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "○○とかけて××と解く。\n○○ To kakete ×× to toku."
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to pun (謎掛け)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "pun",
          "pun"
        ],
        [
          "謎掛け",
          "謎掛け#Japanese"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Japanese conjunctions",
    "Japanese lemmas",
    "Japanese links with manual fragments",
    "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Japanese links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Japanese suffixes",
    "Japanese terms derived from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms inherited from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms spelled with secondary school kanji",
    "Japanese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
    "Japanese terms written with one Han script character",
    "Japanese type 2 verbs",
    "Japanese verbs",
    "Japanese verbs without transitivity"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ja-ichi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛け",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kake",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かける",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けれ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけれ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakere",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けよ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けろ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけよ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけろ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative",
        "literary"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakero",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "error-unrecognized-form",
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakerareru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けさせる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けさす",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけさせる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけさす",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakesaseru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakesasu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けれる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけられる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけれる",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakerareru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakereru",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "colloquial",
        "potential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けよう",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけよう",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeyō",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "volitional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けない",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けぬ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けん",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけない",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけぬ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけん",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakenai",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakenu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kaken",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けず",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけず",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakezu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "continuative",
        "negative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けます",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけます",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakemasu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けた",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけた",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kaketa",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛けて",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かけて",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakete",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "掛ければ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "かければ",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakereba",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "hypothetical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "suffix",
        "2": "かける"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (-kakeru)",
      "name": "ja-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "kakaru",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "word": "掛かる"
    },
    {
      "roman": "mojiru",
      "sense": "to pun",
      "word": "もじる"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "An old man spoke to me suddenly.",
          "roman": "Rōjin ga watashi ni totsuzen hanashikaketa.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "老人",
              "ろうじん"
            ],
            [
              "私",
              "わたし"
            ],
            [
              "突然話",
              "とつぜんはな"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "老人が私に突然話しかけた。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to address someone, to direct, to do (something to someone)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "address",
          "address"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "about to speak something but didn't",
          "roman": "iikakete yameru",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "言",
              "い"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "言いかけてやめる"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be about to, to begin"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "in the middle of reading a long novel",
          "roman": "chōhen o yomikakeru",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "長編",
              "ちょうへん"
            ],
            [
              "読",
              "よ"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "長編を読みかける"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "in the middle of, to begin (not complete)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "to sit in general, including on the floor",
      "roman": "suwaru",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "座",
          "すわ"
        ]
      ],
      "sense": "sit",
      "word": "座る"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Japanese conjunctions",
    "Japanese lemmas",
    "Japanese links with manual fragments",
    "Japanese links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Japanese links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Japanese suffixes",
    "Japanese terms derived from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms inherited from Old Japanese",
    "Japanese terms spelled with secondary school kanji",
    "Japanese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
    "Japanese terms written with one Han script character",
    "Japanese type 2 verbs",
    "Japanese verbs",
    "Japanese verbs without transitivity"
  ],
  "coordinate_terms": [
    {
      "roman": "tasu",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "足",
          "た"
        ]
      ],
      "word": "足す"
    },
    {
      "roman": "hiku",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "引",
          "ひ"
        ]
      ],
      "word": "引く"
    },
    {
      "roman": "waru",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "割",
          "わ"
        ]
      ],
      "word": "割る"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "ojp",
        "3": "掛く",
        "sort": "かける",
        "t": "",
        "tr": "kaku"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Japanese 掛く (kaku)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "t": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下二段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower bigrade conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo nidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "下一段活用",
        "3": "",
        "4": "lower monograde conjugation",
        "tr": "shimo ichidan katsuyō"
      },
      "expansion": "下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”)",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Old Japanese 掛く (kaku), in the 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) pattern.\nDevelopment\nNatural progression from Old and Classical Japanese 下二段活用 (shimo nidan katsuyō, “lower bigrade conjugation”) verbs ending in -u to modern Japanese 下一段活用 (shimo ichidan katsuyō, “lower monograde conjugation”) verbs ending in -eru.\nFirst attested in the Kojiki of 712 CE.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "掛ける",
      "ruby": [
        [
          "掛",
          "か"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "kakeru",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "conjunction",
        "2": "かける"
      },
      "expansion": "掛(か)ける • (kakeru)",
      "name": "ja-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "conj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Japanese terms with redundant sortkeys",
        "Japanese terms with usage examples",
        "ja:Mathematics"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "2 times 3 is 6.",
          "roman": "Ni kakeru san wa roku.",
          "ruby": [
            [
              "2",
              "に"
            ],
            [
              "掛",
              "か"
            ],
            [
              "3",
              "さん"
            ],
            [
              "6",
              "ろく"
            ]
          ],
          "text": "2掛ける3は6。"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "times (multiplication)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "mathematics",
          "mathematics"
        ],
        [
          "times",
          "times"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(mathematics) times (multiplication)"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "mathematics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "other": "かける"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ka̠ke̞ɾɯ̟ᵝ]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "掛ける"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Japanese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.