"subjunctive mood" meaning in English

See subjunctive mood in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

Forms: subjunctive moods [plural]
Etymology: From subjunctive (from Latin subjunctivus, from sub- (“under”) + junctus (“joined”), perfect passive participle of jungere (“to join”) + adjective suffix -ivus) + mood (from Latin modus). Etymology templates: {{uder|en|la|subjunctivus}} Latin subjunctivus, {{uder|en|la|modus}} Latin modus Head templates: {{en-noun}} subjunctive mood (plural subjunctive moods)
  1. (grammar) Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands. Categories (topical): Grammar, Grammatical moods Synonyms: conjunctive, conjunctive mode, conjunctive mood, subjunctive, subjunctive mode Translations (subjunctive mood): mënyra lidhore [feminine] (Albanian), ὑποτακτική (hupotaktikḗ) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), حالَةُ النَّصْبِ (ḥālatu n-naṣbi) [feminine] (Arabic), ըղձական եղանակ (əġjakan eġanak) (Armenian), умо́ўны лад (umóŭny lad) [masculine] (Belarusian), doare-sujañ [masculine] (Breton), усло́вно наклоне́ние (uslóvno naklonénie) [neuter] (Bulgarian), mode subjuntiu [masculine] (Catalan), subjuntiu (Catalan), 虛擬語氣 (Chinese Mandarin), 虚拟语气 (xūnǐ yǔqì) (Chinese Mandarin), konjunktiv [masculine] (Czech), subjunktiv [masculine] (Czech), konjunktiv [common-gender] (Danish), aanvoegende wijs [masculine] (Dutch), bijvoegende wijs [masculine] (Dutch), conjunctief [masculine] (Dutch), subjunctief [masculine] (Dutch), subjunktivo (Esperanto), konjunktiiv (Estonian), hugsháttur [masculine] (Faroese), konjunktiivi (note: esp. applied for Latin and German) (Finnish), subjunktiivi (note: esp. applied for English and descendants of Latin) (Finnish), subjonctif [masculine] (French), Konjunktiv [masculine] (German), Möglichkeitsform [feminine] (German), Subjunktiv [masculine, rare] (German), υποτακτική (ypotaktikí) [feminine] (Greek), kötőmód (Hungarian), felszólító mód (note: see also Usage notes of the latter article) (Hungarian), viðtengingarháttur [masculine] (Icelandic), subjunctivo [masculine] (Interlingua), modh foshuiteach [masculine] (Irish), congiuntivo [masculine] (Italian), 仮定法 (kateihō) (alt: かていほう) (Japanese), 接続法 (setsuzokuhō) (alt: せつぞくほう) (Japanese), 가정법 (gajeongbeop) (alt: 假定法) (Korean), modus coniunctivus [masculine] (Latin), modus adiunctivus [masculine] (Latin), konjunktīvs [masculine] (Latvian), tariamoji nuosaka (Lithuanian), konjunktyvas [masculine] (Lithuanian), погодбен начин (pogodben način) [masculine] (Macedonian), конјунктив (konjunktiv) [masculine] (Macedonian), subjonctif [masculine] (Norman), konjunktiv [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), التزامی (eltezâmi) (Persian), tryb łączący [masculine] (Polish), modo conjuntivo [masculine] (Portuguese), conjuntivo [Portugal, masculine] (Portuguese), modo subjuntivo [masculine] (Portuguese), subjuntivo [Brazil, masculine] (Portuguese), conjunctiv [masculine, neuter] (Romanian), сослага́тельное наклоне́ние (soslagátelʹnoje naklonénije) [neuter] (Russian), конъюнкти́в (konʺjunktív) [masculine] (Russian), субъюнкти́в (subʺjunktív) [masculine] (Russian), modh fo-leantach [masculine] (Scottish Gaelic), ко̏њунктӣв [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), везни начин [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), kȍnjunktīv [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), vezni način [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), konjunktív [masculine] (Slovak), pogojni naklon [masculine] (Slovene), konjunktiv [masculine] (Slovene), subjunktiv (Slovene), modo subjuntivo [masculine] (Spanish), subjuntivo [masculine] (Spanish), conjuntivo [masculine] (Spanish), konjunktiv [common-gender] (Swedish), panaganong pasakali (Tagalog), istek kipi (Turkish), dilek kipi (Turkish), subjonktif (Turkish), умо́вний спо́сіб (umóvnyj spósib) [masculine] (Ukrainian), thức giả định (Vietnamese), modd dibynnol [masculine] (Welsh), קאָניונקטיוו (konyunktiv) [masculine] (Yiddish)
    Sense id: en-subjunctive_mood-en-noun-DQ9-6VKN Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys, English undefined derivations, Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Breton translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Esperanto translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Interlingua translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Lithuanian translations, Terms with Macedonian translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Norman translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Persian translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with Welsh translations, Terms with Yiddish translations Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for subjunctive mood meaning in English (16.2kB)

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        "Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands."
      ],
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      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Mood",
          "mood#Etymology_2"
        ],
        [
          "hypothetical",
          "hypothetical"
        ],
        [
          "anticipated",
          "anticipated"
        ],
        [
          "actual",
          "actual"
        ],
        [
          "wish",
          "wish"
        ],
        [
          "command",
          "command"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "conjunctive"
        },
        {
          "word": "conjunctive mode"
        },
        {
          "word": "conjunctive mood"
        },
        {
          "word": "subjunctive"
        },
        {
          "word": "subjunctive mode"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "mënyra lidhore"
        },
        {
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ḥālatu n-naṣbi",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "حالَةُ النَّصْبِ"
        },
        {
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "əġjakan eġanak",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "ըղձական եղանակ"
        },
        {
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "umóŭny lad",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "умо́ўны лад"
        },
        {
          "code": "br",
          "lang": "Breton",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "doare-sujañ"
        },
        {
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "uslóvno naklonénie",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "усло́вно наклоне́ние"
        },
        {
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "mode subjuntiu"
        },
        {
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "subjuntiu"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "虛擬語氣"
        },
        {
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "xūnǐ yǔqì",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "虚拟语气"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "aanvoegende wijs"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "bijvoegende wijs"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "conjunctief"
        },
        {
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjunctief"
        },
        {
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "subjunktivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "konjunktiiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "hugsháttur"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "note": "esp. applied for Latin and German",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "konjunktiivi"
        },
        {
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "note": "esp. applied for English and descendants of Latin",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "subjunktiivi"
        },
        {
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjonctif"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "Möglichkeitsform"
        },
        {
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "rare"
          ],
          "word": "Subjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "ypotaktikí",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "υποτακτική"
        },
        {
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "hupotaktikḗ",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "ὑποτακτική"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "kötőmód"
        },
        {
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "note": "see also Usage notes of the latter article",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "felszólító mód"
        },
        {
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "viðtengingarháttur"
        },
        {
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjunctivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modh foshuiteach"
        },
        {
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "congiuntivo"
        },
        {
          "alt": "かていほう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "kateihō",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "仮定法"
        },
        {
          "alt": "せつぞくほう",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "setsuzokuhō",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "接続法"
        },
        {
          "alt": "假定法",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "gajeongbeop",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "가정법"
        },
        {
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modus coniunctivus"
        },
        {
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modus adiunctivus"
        },
        {
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktīvs"
        },
        {
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "tariamoji nuosaka"
        },
        {
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktyvas"
        },
        {
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "pogodben način",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "погодбен начин"
        },
        {
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "konjunktiv",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "конјунктив"
        },
        {
          "code": "nrf",
          "lang": "Norman",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjonctif"
        },
        {
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "fa",
          "lang": "Persian",
          "roman": "eltezâmi",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "التزامی"
        },
        {
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tryb łączący"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modo conjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Portugal",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "conjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modo subjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Brazil",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine",
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "conjunctiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "soslagátelʹnoje naklonénije",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "сослага́тельное наклоне́ние"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "konʺjunktív",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "конъюнкти́в"
        },
        {
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "subʺjunktív",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "субъюнкти́в"
        },
        {
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modh fo-leantach"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "ко̏њунктӣв"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "везни начин"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "kȍnjunktīv"
        },
        {
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "vezni način"
        },
        {
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktív"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "pogojni naklon"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "subjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modo subjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "subjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "conjuntivo"
        },
        {
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "konjunktiv"
        },
        {
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "panaganong pasakali"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "istek kipi"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "dilek kipi"
        },
        {
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "subjonktif"
        },
        {
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "umóvnyj spósib",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "умо́вний спо́сіб"
        },
        {
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "word": "thức giả định"
        },
        {
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "modd dibynnol"
        },
        {
          "code": "yi",
          "lang": "Yiddish",
          "roman": "konyunktiv",
          "sense": "subjunctive mood",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "קאָניונקטיוו"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "subjunctive mood"
}
{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "subjunctivus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin subjunctivus",
      "name": "uder"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "modus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin modus",
      "name": "uder"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From subjunctive (from Latin subjunctivus, from sub- (“under”) + junctus (“joined”), perfect passive participle of jungere (“to join”) + adjective suffix -ivus) + mood (from Latin modus).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "subjunctive moods",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "subjunctive mood (plural subjunctive moods)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English entries with incorrect language header",
        "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "English lemmas",
        "English multiword terms",
        "English nouns",
        "English terms derived from Latin",
        "English terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "English undefined derivations",
        "Mandarin terms with redundant transliterations",
        "Terms with Albanian translations",
        "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
        "Terms with Arabic translations",
        "Terms with Armenian translations",
        "Terms with Belarusian translations",
        "Terms with Breton translations",
        "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
        "Terms with Catalan translations",
        "Terms with Czech translations",
        "Terms with Danish translations",
        "Terms with Dutch translations",
        "Terms with Esperanto translations",
        "Terms with Estonian translations",
        "Terms with Faroese translations",
        "Terms with Finnish translations",
        "Terms with French translations",
        "Terms with German translations",
        "Terms with Greek translations",
        "Terms with Hungarian translations",
        "Terms with Icelandic translations",
        "Terms with Interlingua translations",
        "Terms with Irish translations",
        "Terms with Italian translations",
        "Terms with Japanese translations",
        "Terms with Korean translations",
        "Terms with Latin translations",
        "Terms with Latvian translations",
        "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
        "Terms with Macedonian translations",
        "Terms with Mandarin translations",
        "Terms with Norman translations",
        "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
        "Terms with Persian translations",
        "Terms with Polish translations",
        "Terms with Portuguese translations",
        "Terms with Romanian translations",
        "Terms with Russian translations",
        "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
        "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
        "Terms with Slovak translations",
        "Terms with Slovene translations",
        "Terms with Spanish translations",
        "Terms with Swedish translations",
        "Terms with Tagalog translations",
        "Terms with Turkish translations",
        "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
        "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
        "Terms with Welsh translations",
        "Terms with Yiddish translations",
        "en:Grammar",
        "en:Grammatical moods"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "Mood",
          "mood#Etymology_2"
        ],
        [
          "hypothetical",
          "hypothetical"
        ],
        [
          "anticipated",
          "anticipated"
        ],
        [
          "actual",
          "actual"
        ],
        [
          "wish",
          "wish"
        ],
        [
          "command",
          "command"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Mood expressing an action or state which is hypothetical or anticipated rather than actual, including wishes and commands."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "conjunctive"
        },
        {
          "word": "conjunctive mode"
        },
        {
          "word": "conjunctive mood"
        },
        {
          "word": "subjunctive"
        },
        {
          "word": "subjunctive mode"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "mënyra lidhore"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ḥālatu n-naṣbi",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "حالَةُ النَّصْبِ"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "əġjakan eġanak",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "ըղձական եղանակ"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "umóŭny lad",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "умо́ўны лад"
    },
    {
      "code": "br",
      "lang": "Breton",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "doare-sujañ"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "uslóvno naklonénie",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "усло́вно наклоне́ние"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "mode subjuntiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "subjuntiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "虛擬語氣"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "xūnǐ yǔqì",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "虚拟语气"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "aanvoegende wijs"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "bijvoegende wijs"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "conjunctief"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjunctief"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "subjunktivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "konjunktiiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "hugsháttur"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "note": "esp. applied for Latin and German",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "konjunktiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "note": "esp. applied for English and descendants of Latin",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "subjunktiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjonctif"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "Möglichkeitsform"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "rare"
      ],
      "word": "Subjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "ypotaktikí",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "υποτακτική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "hupotaktikḗ",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "ὑποτακτική"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "kötőmód"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "note": "see also Usage notes of the latter article",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "felszólító mód"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "viðtengingarháttur"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjunctivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modh foshuiteach"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "congiuntivo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "かていほう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "kateihō",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "仮定法"
    },
    {
      "alt": "せつぞくほう",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "setsuzokuhō",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "接続法"
    },
    {
      "alt": "假定法",
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "gajeongbeop",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "가정법"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modus coniunctivus"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modus adiunctivus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktīvs"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "tariamoji nuosaka"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktyvas"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "pogodben način",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "погодбен начин"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "konjunktiv",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "конјунктив"
    },
    {
      "code": "nrf",
      "lang": "Norman",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjonctif"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fa",
      "lang": "Persian",
      "roman": "eltezâmi",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "التزامی"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tryb łączący"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modo conjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Portugal",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "conjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modo subjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Brazil",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "conjunctiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "soslagátelʹnoje naklonénije",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "сослага́тельное наклоне́ние"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "konʺjunktív",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "конъюнкти́в"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "subʺjunktív",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "субъюнкти́в"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modh fo-leantach"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "ко̏њунктӣв"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "везни начин"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "kȍnjunktīv"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "vezni način"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktív"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "pogojni naklon"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "subjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modo subjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "subjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "conjuntivo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "konjunktiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "panaganong pasakali"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "istek kipi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "dilek kipi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "subjonktif"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "umóvnyj spósib",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "умо́вний спо́сіб"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "word": "thức giả định"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "modd dibynnol"
    },
    {
      "code": "yi",
      "lang": "Yiddish",
      "roman": "konyunktiv",
      "sense": "subjunctive mood",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "קאָניונקטיוו"
    }
  ],
  "word": "subjunctive mood"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.