"accusative" meaning in English

See accusative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /əˈkjuːzətɪv/ [UK], /əˈkjuzətɪv/ Audio: en-us-accusative.ogg Forms: more accusative [comparative], most accusative [superlative]
enPR: əkū'zətĭv Etymology: First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|accusative}} Middle English accusative, {{der|en|xno|accusatif}} Anglo-Norman accusatif, {{der|en|frm|acusatif}} Middle French acusatif, {{der|en|la|accūsātīvus|t=having been blamed}} Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), {{suffix|en|accuse|ative}} accuse + -ative, {{der|en|grc|-}} Ancient Greek, {{affix|grc|αἰτιᾱτός|-ῐκός|nocat=1|pos2=adjective suffix|t1=caused}} αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix) Head templates: {{en-adj}} accusative (comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)
  1. Producing accusations; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame Synonyms: accusatory, accusatorial Translations (producing accusations; accusatory): մեղադրական (meġadrakan) (Armenian), acusatiu (Catalan), beschuldigend (Dutch), akuza (Esperanto), syyttävä (Finnish), syyttelevä (Finnish), accusateur (French), vádaskodó (Hungarian), ásakandi (Icelandic), 非難を表す (hinan wo arawasu) (Japanese), anklagende (Norwegian Bokmål), acusativo (Portuguese), acusatório (Portuguese), acuzator (Romanian), acuzativ (Romanian), обвини́тельный (obvinítelʹnyj) (Russian), acusativo (Spanish), suçlayıcı (Turkish), cyhuddgar (Welsh), cyhuddol (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-accusative-en-adj-ebHKMvwm Categories (other): Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bengali translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Kazakh translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Old Irish translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tamil translations, Terms with Thai translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Uyghur translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with West Frisian translations Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 20 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Bengali translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 18 31 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Faroese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 19 31 29 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 21 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Kazakh translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Old Irish translations: 21 29 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Tamil translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Thai translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Uyghur translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with West Frisian translations: 21 31 27 20 Disambiguation of 'producing accusations; accusatory': 90 10
  2. (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (related to accusative case): αἰτιατική (aitiatikḗ) (Ancient Greek), مَنْصُوب (manṣūb) (Arabic), հայցական (haycʻakan) (Armenian), təsirlik hal (Azerbaijani), вінава́льны (vinaválʹny) (Belarusian), вини́телен (vinítelen) (Bulgarian), acusatiu (Catalan), 宾格 (bīngé) (Chinese Mandarin), 對格 (Chinese Mandarin), 对格 (Chinese Mandarin), 受格 (Chinese Mandarin), accusatief (Dutch), akuzativa (Esperanto), sihitav (Estonian), akusatiiv (Estonian), akkusatiivi- (Finnish), accusatif (French), ბრალდებითი (braldebiti) (Georgian), Akkusativ- (German), akkusativisch (German), αιτιατική (aitiatikí) [feminine] (Greek), tárgyesetben lévő/álló (Hungarian), þolfalls- (Icelandic), akusatif (Indonesian), áinsíoch (Irish), cuspóireach (Irish), 対格の (taikaku no) (alt: たいかくの) (Japanese), accūsātīvus (Latin), akuzatīvs [masculine] (Latvian), akkusativisk (Norwegian Bokmål), akkusativisk (Norwegian Nynorsk), wrēġendlīċ (Old English), biernikowy (Polish), acusativo (Portuguese), вини́тельный (vinítelʹnyj) (Russian), tožilniški (Slovene), acusativo (Spanish), ackusativ (Swedish), belirtme (hâli/durumu) (Turkish), -i hâli (Turkish), aküzatif (Turkish), знахі́дний (znaxídnyj) (Ukrainian), gwrthrychol (Welsh)
    Sense id: en-accusative-en-adj-cgx~5wyw Categories (other): Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Ancient Greek translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bengali translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Kazakh translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Lithuanian translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Old Irish translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tamil translations, Terms with Thai translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Uyghur translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with West Frisian translations Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Ancient Greek translations: 16 45 22 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 20 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Bengali translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 18 31 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Faroese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 18 39 25 18 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 15 46 22 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 19 31 29 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 21 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Kazakh translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 15 48 22 15 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Lithuanian translations: 16 42 24 17 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Old Irish translations: 21 29 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Tamil translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Thai translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Uyghur translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with West Frisian translations: 21 31 27 20 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'related to accusative case': 39 61
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: accusatively, accusativeness, accusativity, nominoaccusative, nonaccusative, unaccusative, unaccusativity

Noun

IPA: /əˈkjuːzətɪv/ [UK], /əˈkjuzətɪv/ Audio: en-us-accusative.ogg Forms: accusatives [plural]
enPR: əkū'zətĭv Etymology: First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix). Etymology templates: {{inh|en|enm|accusative}} Middle English accusative, {{der|en|xno|accusatif}} Anglo-Norman accusatif, {{der|en|frm|acusatif}} Middle French acusatif, {{der|en|la|accūsātīvus|t=having been blamed}} Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), {{suffix|en|accuse|ative}} accuse + -ative, {{der|en|grc|-}} Ancient Greek, {{affix|grc|αἰτιᾱτός|-ῐκός|nocat=1|pos2=adjective suffix|t1=caused}} αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix) Head templates: {{en-noun}} accusative (plural accusatives)
  1. (grammar) The accusative case. Categories (topical): Grammar, Grammatical cases Translations (accusative case): kallëzore [feminine] (Albanian), αἰτιατική (aitiatikḗ) [feminine] (Ancient Greek), مَنْصُوب (manṣūb) [masculine] (Arabic), հայցական (haycʻakan) (Armenian), հայցական հոլով (haycʻakan holov) (Armenian), acusativu [masculine] (Asturian), вінава́льны склон (vinaválʹny sklon) [masculine] (Belarusian), вінава́льны (vinaválʹny) [masculine] (Belarusian), কর্ম কারক (kormo karok) [masculine] (Bengali), винителен падеж (vinitelen padež) [masculine] (Bulgarian), акузатів (akuzativ) [masculine] (Carpathian Rusyn), acusatiu [masculine] (Catalan), cas acusatiu [masculine] (Catalan), 宾格 (bīngé) (Chinese Mandarin), 對格 (Chinese Mandarin), 对格 (duìgé) (Chinese Mandarin), 受格 (shòugé) (Chinese Mandarin), 第四格 (dìsìgé) [especially] (Chinese Mandarin), čtvrtý pád [masculine] (Czech), akuzativ [masculine] (Czech), akkusativ (Danish), accusatief [masculine] (Dutch), vierde naamval [masculine] (Dutch), akuzativo (Esperanto), hvønnfall [neuter] (Faroese), akkusatiivi (Finnish), kohdanto (Finnish), accusatif [masculine] (French), cas accusatif [masculine] (French), acusativo [masculine] (Galician), ბრალდებითი ბრუნვა (braldebiti brunva) (Georgian), აკუზატივი (aḳuzaṭivi) (Georgian), Akkusativ [masculine] (German), Wenfall [masculine] (German), vierter Fall [masculine] (German), αιτιατική (aitiatikí) [feminine] (Greek), יחס הפעול (yakhas ha-pa’ul) [masculine] (Hebrew), द्वितीया विभक्ति (dvitīyā vibhakti) [feminine] (Hindi), tárgyeset (Hungarian), accusativus (Hungarian), þolfall [neuter] (Icelandic), akkusativa (Ingrian), accusativo (Interlingua), áinsí [masculine] (Irish), accusativo [masculine] (Italian), 対格 (taikaku) (alt: たいかく) (Japanese), 4格 (yonkaku) (alt: よんかく) [especially] (Japanese), winowôcz [masculine] (Kashubian), akùzatiw [masculine] (Kashubian), табыс септік (tabys septık) (Kazakh), 대격 (daegyeok) (Korean), casus accusativus [masculine] (Latin), incūsātīvus (Latin), galininkas [masculine] (Lithuanian), പ്രതിഗ്രാഹിക (pratigrāhika) (Malayalam), заахын тийн ялгал (zaaxyn tiin jalgal) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), заах тийн ялгал (zaax tiin jalgal) [Cyrillic] (Mongolian), ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ (ǰiɣaqu-yin teyin ilɣal) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ (ǰiɣaqu teyin ilɣal) [Mongolian] (Mongolian), akkusatiiva (Northern Sami), akkusativ [masculine] (Norwegian Bokmål), akkusativ [masculine] (Norwegian Nynorsk), underfall [neuter] (Norwegian Nynorsk), wregendlic casus (Old English), áinsid [masculine] (Old Irish), biernik [inanimate, masculine] (Polish), akuzatyw [masculine] (Polish), accusativus [masculine] (Polish), akuzatiwus [masculine] (Polish), acusativo [masculine] (Portuguese), acuzativ [neuter] (Romanian), caz acuzativ [neuter] (Romanian), вини́тельный паде́ж (vinítelʹnyj padéž) [masculine] (Russian), акузатив [Cyrillic, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), akuzativ [Roman, masculine] (Serbo-Croatian), akuzatív [masculine] (Slovak), štvrtý pád [masculine] (Slovak), tožilnik [masculine] (Slovene), acusativo [masculine] (Spanish), caso acusativo [masculine] (Spanish), ackusativ [common-gender] (Swedish), இரண்டாம் வேற்றுமை (iraṇṭām vēṟṟumai) (Tamil), ద్వితీయా విభక్తి (dvitīyā vibhakti) (Telugu), กรรมการก (gam-má-gaa-rók) (Thai), знахі́дний відмі́нок (znaxídnyj vidmínok) [masculine] (Ukrainian), знахі́дний (znaxídnyj) [masculine] (Ukrainian), چۈشۈم كېلىش (chüshüm këlish) (Uyghur), đối cách (Vietnamese), kimifal (Volapük), kusatif (Volapük), gwrthrychol [masculine] (Welsh), hwaenfal (West Frisian), 4e fal (West Frisian), akkusatyf (West Frisian)
    Sense id: en-accusative-en-noun-JemRfZZO Disambiguation of Grammatical cases: 11 27 35 27 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, English terms suffixed with -ative, Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Asturian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Bengali translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Carpathian Rusyn translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Danish translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Esperanto translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with Hebrew translations, Terms with Hindi translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Ingrian translations, Terms with Interlingua translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Japanese translations, Terms with Kashubian translations, Terms with Kazakh translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Malayalam translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Mongolian translations, Terms with Northern Sami translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Norwegian Nynorsk translations, Terms with Old English translations, Terms with Old Irish translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tamil translations, Terms with Telugu translations, Terms with Thai translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Uyghur translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with Volapük translations, Terms with Welsh translations, Terms with West Frisian translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 24 19 34 23 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 23 21 32 24 Disambiguation of English terms suffixed with -ative: 24 19 33 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 20 24 33 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Asturian translations: 22 23 32 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 20 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Belarusian translations: 21 24 32 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Bengali translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Carpathian Rusyn translations: 21 25 32 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 18 31 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Danish translations: 20 24 36 20 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 23 19 34 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Esperanto translations: 23 22 33 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Faroese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 24 19 33 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Hebrew translations: 22 23 33 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Hindi translations: 16 24 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 19 31 29 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Ingrian translations: 23 19 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Interlingua translations: 23 20 34 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 21 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 24 18 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Japanese translations: 24 18 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Kashubian translations: 21 25 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Kazakh translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Malayalam translations: 24 18 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 20 25 32 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Mongolian translations: 18 26 33 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Northern Sami translations: 18 26 36 19 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Nynorsk translations: 21 19 39 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Old English translations: 14 26 35 25 Disambiguation of Terms with Old Irish translations: 21 29 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 24 18 35 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 22 17 40 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Tamil translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Telugu translations: 20 24 33 23 Disambiguation of Terms with Thai translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Uyghur translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Volapük translations: 24 18 34 24 Disambiguation of Terms with Welsh translations: 24 19 34 24 Disambiguation of Terms with West Frisian translations: 21 31 27 20 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'accusative case': 60 40
  2. (grammar) A word inflected in the accusative case. Categories (topical): Grammar
    Sense id: en-accusative-en-noun-CGEeMiqx Categories (other): Terms with Albanian translations, Terms with Armenian translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Bengali translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Estonian translations, Terms with Faroese translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with Galician translations, Terms with Georgian translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Indonesian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Kazakh translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latvian translations, Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations, Terms with Old Irish translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Romanian translations, Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Slovene translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tamil translations, Terms with Thai translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations, Terms with Uyghur translations, Terms with Vietnamese translations, Terms with West Frisian translations Disambiguation of Terms with Albanian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Armenian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 20 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Bengali translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 21 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 18 31 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Estonian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Faroese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Galician translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Georgian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 19 31 29 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Indonesian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 21 28 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Kazakh translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Latvian translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Old Irish translations: 21 29 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Romanian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 20 30 29 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovene translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Tamil translations: 20 27 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Thai translations: 20 29 30 21 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Uyghur translations: 21 26 31 22 Disambiguation of Terms with Vietnamese translations: 20 28 30 22 Disambiguation of Terms with West Frisian translations: 21 31 27 20 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: acc. [accusative], A. [accusative] Derived forms: accusative absolute, accusative cognate, adverbial accusative, cognate accusative, genitive-accusative

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for accusative meaning in English (51.4kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accusatively"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accusativeness"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accusativity"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nominoaccusative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "nonaccusative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "unaccusative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "unaccusativity"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "accusative"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English accusative",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "xno",
        "3": "accusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Anglo-Norman accusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "acusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French acusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "accūsātīvus",
        "t": "having been blamed"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "accuse",
        "3": "ative"
      },
      "expansion": "accuse + -ative",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αἰτιᾱτός",
        "3": "-ῐκός",
        "nocat": "1",
        "pos2": "adjective suffix",
        "t1": "caused"
      },
      "expansion": "αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more accusative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most accusative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "accusative (comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ac‧cusa‧tive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bengali translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 31 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Faroese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Georgian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 31 29 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kazakh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latvian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 29 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tamil translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Thai translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uyghur translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 31 27 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with West Frisian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1641 November 22, Edward Dering, a speech",
          "text": "This hath been a very accusative age.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1984 April 14, William F. Orrell, “Bad Business”, in Gay Community News, page 4",
          "text": "The proprietor of the store was rude, insulting and accusative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Producing accusations; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame"
      ],
      "id": "en-accusative-en-adj-ebHKMvwm",
      "links": [
        [
          "accusation",
          "accusation"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "accusatory"
        },
        {
          "word": "accusatorial"
        }
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "meġadrakan",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "մեղադրական"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acusatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "beschuldigend"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "akuza"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "syyttävä"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "syyttelevä"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "accusateur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "vádaskodó"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "ásakandi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "hinan wo arawasu",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "非難を表す"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "anklagende"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acusatório"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acuzator"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acuzativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "obvinítelʹnyj",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "обвини́тельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "suçlayıcı"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "cyhuddgar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "90 10",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
          "word": "cyhuddol"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 45 22 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bengali translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 31 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Faroese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Georgian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 39 25 18",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "15 46 22 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 31 29 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kazakh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "15 48 22 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latvian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 42 24 17",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 29 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tamil translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Thai translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uyghur translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 31 27 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with West Frisian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects."
      ],
      "id": "en-accusative-en-adj-cgx~5wyw",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "case",
          "case"
        ],
        [
          "immediate",
          "immediate"
        ],
        [
          "object",
          "direct object"
        ],
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ],
        [
          "direct object",
          "direct object"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "manṣūb",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "مَنْصُوب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "haycʻakan",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "հայցական"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "təsirlik hal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "vinaválʹny",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "вінава́льны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "vinítelen",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "вини́телен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "acusatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "bīngé",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "宾格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "對格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "对格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "受格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "accusatief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akuzativa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "sihitav"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "et",
          "lang": "Estonian",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akusatiiv"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akkusatiivi-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "accusatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "braldebiti",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "ბრალდებითი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "Akkusativ-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akkusativisch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "aitiatikí",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "αιτιατική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "aitiatikḗ",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "αἰτιατική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "tárgyesetben lévő/álló"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "id",
          "lang": "Indonesian",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akusatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "þolfalls-"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "áinsíoch"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "cuspóireach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "alt": "たいかくの",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "taikaku no",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "対格の"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "accūsātīvus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "lv",
          "lang": "Latvian",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzatīvs"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akkusativisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "akkusativisk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "wrēġendlīċ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "biernikowy"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "vinítelʹnyj",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "вини́тельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "tožilniški"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "ackusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "belirtme (hâli/durumu)"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "-i hâli"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "aküzatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "znaxídnyj",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "знахі́дний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "39 61",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "related to accusative case",
          "word": "gwrthrychol"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuːzətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuzətɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-accusative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg/En-us-accusative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "əkū'zətĭv"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "accusative"
  ],
  "word": "accusative"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accusative absolute"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "accusative cognate"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "adverbial accusative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "cognate accusative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "genitive-accusative"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "accusative"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English accusative",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "xno",
        "3": "accusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Anglo-Norman accusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "acusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French acusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "accūsātīvus",
        "t": "having been blamed"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "accuse",
        "3": "ative"
      },
      "expansion": "accuse + -ative",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αἰτιᾱτός",
        "3": "-ῐκός",
        "nocat": "1",
        "pos2": "adjective suffix",
        "t1": "caused"
      },
      "expansion": "αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "accusatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "accusative (plural accusatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ac‧cusa‧tive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 19 34 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 21 32 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 19 33 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English terms suffixed with -ative",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 24 33 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 23 32 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Asturian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 24 32 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Belarusian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bengali translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 25 32 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Carpathian Rusyn translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 31 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 24 36 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Danish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 19 34 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 22 33 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Esperanto translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Faroese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 19 33 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Georgian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 23 33 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hebrew translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "16 24 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hindi translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 31 29 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 19 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ingrian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "23 20 34 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Interlingua translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 18 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 18 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Japanese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 25 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kashubian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kazakh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latvian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 18 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Malayalam translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 25 32 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 26 33 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mongolian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 26 36 19",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Northern Sami translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 19 39 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Nynorsk translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "14 26 35 25",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old English translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 29 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 18 35 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "22 17 40 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tamil translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 24 33 23",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Telugu translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Thai translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uyghur translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 18 34 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Volapük translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "24 19 34 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Welsh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 31 27 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with West Frisian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "11 27 35 27",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammatical cases",
          "orig": "en:Grammatical cases",
          "parents": [
            "Grammar",
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The accusative case."
      ],
      "id": "en-accusative-en-noun-JemRfZZO",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "accusative case",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) The accusative case."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sq",
          "lang": "Albanian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "kallëzore"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "manṣūb",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "مَنْصُوب"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "haycʻakan",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "հայցական"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "hy",
          "lang": "Armenian",
          "roman": "haycʻakan holov",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "հայցական հոլով"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ast",
          "lang": "Asturian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "acusativu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "vinaválʹny sklon",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "вінава́льны склон"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "vinaválʹny",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "вінава́льны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "kormo karok",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "কর্ম কারক"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "vinitelen padež",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "винителен падеж"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "rue",
          "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
          "roman": "akuzativ",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "акузатів"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "acusatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cas acusatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "bīngé",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "宾格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "對格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "duìgé",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "对格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "shòugé",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "受格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "raw_tags": [
            "for German"
          ],
          "roman": "dìsìgé",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "especially"
          ],
          "word": "第四格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "čtvrtý pád"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "da",
          "lang": "Danish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akkusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "accusatief"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "vierde naamval"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "eo",
          "lang": "Esperanto",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akuzativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fo",
          "lang": "Faroese",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "hvønnfall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akkusatiivi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "kohdanto"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "accusatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "cas accusatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "gl",
          "lang": "Galician",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "braldebiti brunva",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "ბრალდებითი ბრუნვა"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ka",
          "lang": "Georgian",
          "roman": "aḳuzaṭivi",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "აკუზატივი"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Akkusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "Wenfall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "vierter Fall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "aitiatikí",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "αιτιατική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "grc",
          "lang": "Ancient Greek",
          "roman": "aitiatikḗ",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "αἰτιατική"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "he",
          "lang": "Hebrew",
          "roman": "yakhas ha-pa’ul",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "יחס הפעול"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "hi",
          "lang": "Hindi",
          "roman": "dvitīyā vibhakti",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "द्वितीया विभक्ति"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "tárgyeset"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "accusativus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "þolfall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "izh",
          "lang": "Ingrian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akkusativa"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ia",
          "lang": "Interlingua",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "accusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "áinsí"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sga",
          "lang": "Old Irish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "áinsid"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "accusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "alt": "たいかく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "roman": "taikaku",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "対格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "alt": "よんかく",
          "code": "ja",
          "lang": "Japanese",
          "raw_tags": [
            "for German"
          ],
          "roman": "yonkaku",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "especially"
          ],
          "word": "4格"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "csb",
          "lang": "Kashubian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "winowôcz"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "csb",
          "lang": "Kashubian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akùzatiw"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "kk",
          "lang": "Kazakh",
          "roman": "tabys septık",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "табыс септік"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "daegyeok",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "대격"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "casus accusativus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "incūsātīvus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "lt",
          "lang": "Lithuanian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "galininkas"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ml",
          "lang": "Malayalam",
          "roman": "pratigrāhika",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "പ്രതിഗ്രാഹിക"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "zaaxyn tiin jalgal",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "заахын тийн ялгал"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "zaax tiin jalgal",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic"
          ],
          "word": "заах тийн ялгал"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "ǰiɣaqu-yin teyin ilɣal",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "mn",
          "lang": "Mongolian",
          "roman": "ǰiɣaqu teyin ilɣal",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Mongolian"
          ],
          "word": "ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "se",
          "lang": "Northern Sami",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akkusatiiva"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "nb",
          "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akkusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akkusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "nn",
          "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "underfall"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ang",
          "lang": "Old English",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "wregendlic casus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "inanimate",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "biernik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzatyw"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "accusativus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzatiwus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "acuzativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ro",
          "lang": "Romanian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "caz acuzativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "vinítelʹnyj padéž",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "вини́тельный паде́ж"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Cyrillic",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "акузатив"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sh",
          "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "Roman",
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "akuzatív"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "štvrtý pád"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sl",
          "lang": "Slovene",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "tožilnik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "caso acusativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "common-gender"
          ],
          "word": "ackusativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ta",
          "lang": "Tamil",
          "roman": "iraṇṭām vēṟṟumai",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "இரண்டாம் வேற்றுமை"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "te",
          "lang": "Telugu",
          "roman": "dvitīyā vibhakti",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "ద్వితీయా విభక్తి"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "th",
          "lang": "Thai",
          "roman": "gam-má-gaa-rók",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "กรรมการก"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "znaxídnyj vidmínok",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "знахі́дний відмі́нок"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "znaxídnyj",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "знахі́дний"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "ug",
          "lang": "Uyghur",
          "roman": "chüshüm këlish",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "چۈشۈم كېلىش"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "vi",
          "lang": "Vietnamese",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "đối cách"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "kimifal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "vo",
          "lang": "Volapük",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "kusatif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "cy",
          "lang": "Welsh",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "gwrthrychol"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "hwaenfal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "4e fal"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "60 40",
          "code": "fy",
          "lang": "West Frisian",
          "sense": "accusative case",
          "word": "akkusatyf"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Albanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Armenian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bengali translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "18 31 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Estonian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Faroese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Galician translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Georgian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "19 31 29 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Indonesian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 28 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Kazakh translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Korean translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latvian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 29 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Old Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Romanian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 30 29 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovene translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 27 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tamil translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 29 30 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Thai translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 26 31 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Uyghur translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "20 28 30 22",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 31 27 20",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with West Frisian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1911, Hans Reichelt, Avesta Reader: Texts, Notes, Glossary and Index, Strassburg [Strasbourg]: Verlag von Karl J. Trübner, page 105",
          "text": "65 mošu tat̰ ās nōit̮ darəγəm yat̰ . . ‘quickly it (tat̰) happened, it (was) not long till . . . — drūm avantəm airištəm: according to Bartholomae IF. 12. 146 the author of this part was led to use accusatives here (instead of nominatives) by the preceding sentence yezi ǰum frapayeni.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1944, W[illiam] F[rancis] Jackson Knight, “Language, Verse, and Style”, in Roman Vergil (Peregrine Books), Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, published 1966, page 265",
          "text": "There is some antecedent in old Latin; but as usual the influence is Greek too, for Greek prose and poetry freely use accusatives which are to some extent adverbial accusatives, or accusatives of respect.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, Mily Crevels, Peter Bakker, “External Possession in Romani”, in Viktor Elšík, Yaron Matras, editors, Grammatical Relations in Romani: The Noun Phrase (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science: Series IV – Current Issues in Linguistic Theory; 211), Amsterdam, Philadelphia, Pa.: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 181",
          "text": "Romani distinguishes dative and accusative pronouns formally and some Romani dialects use accusatives in constructions in which other languages employ a dative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A word inflected in the accusative case."
      ],
      "id": "en-accusative-en-noun-CGEeMiqx",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "word",
          "word"
        ],
        [
          "inflected",
          "inflected"
        ],
        [
          "accusative case",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A word inflected in the accusative case."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuːzətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuzətɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-accusative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg/En-us-accusative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "əkū'zətĭv"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ],
      "word": "acc."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ],
      "word": "A."
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "accusative"
  ],
  "word": "accusative"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from Anglo-Norman",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms suffixed with -ative",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Requests for review of French translations",
    "Requests for review of Hebrew translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Asturian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bengali translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Carpathian Rusyn translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Faroese translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hindi translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Ingrian translations",
    "Terms with Interlingua translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kashubian translations",
    "Terms with Kazakh translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Latvian translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Malayalam translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Mongolian translations",
    "Terms with Northern Sami translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Nynorsk translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Old Irish translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tamil translations",
    "Terms with Telugu translations",
    "Terms with Thai translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Uyghur translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "Terms with Volapük translations",
    "Terms with Welsh translations",
    "Terms with West Frisian translations",
    "en:Grammatical cases"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "accusatively"
    },
    {
      "word": "accusativeness"
    },
    {
      "word": "accusativity"
    },
    {
      "word": "nominoaccusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "nonaccusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "unaccusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "unaccusativity"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "accusative"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English accusative",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "xno",
        "3": "accusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Anglo-Norman accusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "acusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French acusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "accūsātīvus",
        "t": "having been blamed"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "accuse",
        "3": "ative"
      },
      "expansion": "accuse + -ative",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αἰτιᾱτός",
        "3": "-ῐκός",
        "nocat": "1",
        "pos2": "adjective suffix",
        "t1": "caused"
      },
      "expansion": "αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more accusative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most accusative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "accusative (comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ac‧cusa‧tive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "Quotation templates to be cleaned"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1641 November 22, Edward Dering, a speech",
          "text": "This hath been a very accusative age.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1984 April 14, William F. Orrell, “Bad Business”, in Gay Community News, page 4",
          "text": "The proprietor of the store was rude, insulting and accusative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Producing accusations; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "accusation",
          "accusation"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "accusatory"
        },
        {
          "word": "accusatorial"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "case",
          "case"
        ],
        [
          "immediate",
          "immediate"
        ],
        [
          "object",
          "direct object"
        ],
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive"
        ],
        [
          "predicate",
          "predicate"
        ],
        [
          "direct object",
          "direct object"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuːzətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuzətɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-accusative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg/En-us-accusative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "əkū'zətĭv"
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "meġadrakan",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "մեղադրական"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acusatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "beschuldigend"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "akuza"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "syyttävä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "syyttelevä"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "accusateur"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "vádaskodó"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "ásakandi"
    },
    {
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "hinan wo arawasu",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "非難を表す"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "anklagende"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acusatório"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acuzator"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acuzativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "obvinítelʹnyj",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "обвини́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "suçlayıcı"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "cyhuddgar"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "producing accusations; accusatory",
      "word": "cyhuddol"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "manṣūb",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "مَنْصُوب"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "haycʻakan",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "հայցական"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "təsirlik hal"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "vinaválʹny",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "вінава́льны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "vinítelen",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "вини́телен"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "acusatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bīngé",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "宾格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "對格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "对格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "受格"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "accusatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akuzativa"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "sihitav"
    },
    {
      "code": "et",
      "lang": "Estonian",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akusatiiv"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akkusatiivi-"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "accusatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "braldebiti",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "ბრალდებითი"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "Akkusativ-"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akkusativisch"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "aitiatikí",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "αιτιατική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "aitiatikḗ",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "αἰτιατική"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "tárgyesetben lévő/álló"
    },
    {
      "code": "id",
      "lang": "Indonesian",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akusatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "þolfalls-"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "áinsíoch"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "cuspóireach"
    },
    {
      "alt": "たいかくの",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "taikaku no",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "対格の"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "accūsātīvus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lv",
      "lang": "Latvian",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzatīvs"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akkusativisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "akkusativisk"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "wrēġendlīċ"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "biernikowy"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "vinítelʹnyj",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "вини́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "tožilniški"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "ackusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "belirtme (hâli/durumu)"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "-i hâli"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "aküzatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "znaxídnyj",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "знахі́дний"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "related to accusative case",
      "word": "gwrthrychol"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "accusative"
  ],
  "word": "accusative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms derived from Ancient Greek",
    "English terms derived from Anglo-Norman",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Middle English",
    "English terms derived from Middle French",
    "English terms inherited from Middle English",
    "English terms suffixed with -ative",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "Requests for review of French translations",
    "Requests for review of Hebrew translations",
    "Requests for review of Interlingua translations",
    "Requests for review of Italian translations",
    "Requests for review of Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Albanian translations",
    "Terms with Ancient Greek translations",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Armenian translations",
    "Terms with Asturian translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bengali translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Carpathian Rusyn translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Danish translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Esperanto translations",
    "Terms with Estonian translations",
    "Terms with Faroese translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with Galician translations",
    "Terms with Georgian translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hebrew translations",
    "Terms with Hindi translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Indonesian translations",
    "Terms with Ingrian translations",
    "Terms with Interlingua translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Japanese translations",
    "Terms with Kashubian translations",
    "Terms with Kazakh translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Latvian translations",
    "Terms with Lithuanian translations",
    "Terms with Malayalam translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Mongolian translations",
    "Terms with Northern Sami translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Bokmål translations",
    "Terms with Norwegian Nynorsk translations",
    "Terms with Old English translations",
    "Terms with Old Irish translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Romanian translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Serbo-Croatian translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Slovene translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tamil translations",
    "Terms with Telugu translations",
    "Terms with Thai translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "Terms with Uyghur translations",
    "Terms with Vietnamese translations",
    "Terms with Volapük translations",
    "Terms with Welsh translations",
    "Terms with West Frisian translations",
    "en:Grammatical cases"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "accusative absolute"
    },
    {
      "word": "accusative cognate"
    },
    {
      "word": "adverbial accusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "cognate accusative"
    },
    {
      "word": "genitive-accusative"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "enm",
        "3": "accusative"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle English accusative",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "xno",
        "3": "accusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Anglo-Norman accusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "frm",
        "3": "acusatif"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle French acusatif",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "accūsātīvus",
        "t": "having been blamed"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”)",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "accuse",
        "3": "ative"
      },
      "expansion": "accuse + -ative",
      "name": "suffix"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "grc",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Ancient Greek",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grc",
        "2": "αἰτιᾱτός",
        "3": "-ῐκός",
        "nocat": "1",
        "pos2": "adjective suffix",
        "t1": "caused"
      },
      "expansion": "αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix)",
      "name": "affix"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“having been blamed”), from accūsō (“to blame”). Equivalent to accuse + -ative. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, “expressing an effect”). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, “caused”) + -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, “to blame”), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "accusatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "accusative (plural accusatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ac‧cusa‧tive"
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The accusative case."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "accusative case",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) The accusative case."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "ref": "1911, Hans Reichelt, Avesta Reader: Texts, Notes, Glossary and Index, Strassburg [Strasbourg]: Verlag von Karl J. Trübner, page 105",
          "text": "65 mošu tat̰ ās nōit̮ darəγəm yat̰ . . ‘quickly it (tat̰) happened, it (was) not long till . . . — drūm avantəm airištəm: according to Bartholomae IF. 12. 146 the author of this part was led to use accusatives here (instead of nominatives) by the preceding sentence yezi ǰum frapayeni.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1944, W[illiam] F[rancis] Jackson Knight, “Language, Verse, and Style”, in Roman Vergil (Peregrine Books), Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, published 1966, page 265",
          "text": "There is some antecedent in old Latin; but as usual the influence is Greek too, for Greek prose and poetry freely use accusatives which are to some extent adverbial accusatives, or accusatives of respect.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2000, Mily Crevels, Peter Bakker, “External Possession in Romani”, in Viktor Elšík, Yaron Matras, editors, Grammatical Relations in Romani: The Noun Phrase (Amsterdam Studies in the Theory and History of Linguistic Science: Series IV – Current Issues in Linguistic Theory; 211), Amsterdam, Philadelphia, Pa.: John Benjamins Publishing Company, page 181",
          "text": "Romani distinguishes dative and accusative pronouns formally and some Romani dialects use accusatives in constructions in which other languages employ a dative.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A word inflected in the accusative case."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "word",
          "word"
        ],
        [
          "inflected",
          "inflected"
        ],
        [
          "accusative case",
          "accusative case"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) A word inflected in the accusative case."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuːzətɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "UK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/əˈkjuzətɪv/"
    },
    {
      "audio": "en-us-accusative.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg/En-us-accusative.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/63/En-us-accusative.ogg"
    },
    {
      "enpr": "əkū'zətĭv"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ],
      "word": "acc."
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "accusative"
      ],
      "word": "A."
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "sq",
      "lang": "Albanian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "kallëzore"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "manṣūb",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "مَنْصُوب"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "haycʻakan",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "հայցական"
    },
    {
      "code": "hy",
      "lang": "Armenian",
      "roman": "haycʻakan holov",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "հայցական հոլով"
    },
    {
      "code": "ast",
      "lang": "Asturian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "acusativu"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "vinaválʹny sklon",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "вінава́льны склон"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "vinaválʹny",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "вінава́льны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "kormo karok",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "কর্ম কারক"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "vinitelen padež",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "винителен падеж"
    },
    {
      "code": "rue",
      "lang": "Carpathian Rusyn",
      "roman": "akuzativ",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "акузатів"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "acusatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cas acusatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bīngé",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "宾格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "對格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "duìgé",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "对格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "shòugé",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "受格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "raw_tags": [
        "for German"
      ],
      "roman": "dìsìgé",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "especially"
      ],
      "word": "第四格"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "čtvrtý pád"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "da",
      "lang": "Danish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akkusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "accusatief"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "vierde naamval"
    },
    {
      "code": "eo",
      "lang": "Esperanto",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akuzativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "fo",
      "lang": "Faroese",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "hvønnfall"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akkusatiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "kohdanto"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "accusatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "cas accusatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "gl",
      "lang": "Galician",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "braldebiti brunva",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "ბრალდებითი ბრუნვა"
    },
    {
      "code": "ka",
      "lang": "Georgian",
      "roman": "aḳuzaṭivi",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "აკუზატივი"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Akkusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Wenfall"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "vierter Fall"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "aitiatikí",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "αιτιατική"
    },
    {
      "code": "grc",
      "lang": "Ancient Greek",
      "roman": "aitiatikḗ",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "αἰτιατική"
    },
    {
      "code": "he",
      "lang": "Hebrew",
      "roman": "yakhas ha-pa’ul",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "יחס הפעול"
    },
    {
      "code": "hi",
      "lang": "Hindi",
      "roman": "dvitīyā vibhakti",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "द्वितीया विभक्ति"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "tárgyeset"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "accusativus"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "þolfall"
    },
    {
      "code": "izh",
      "lang": "Ingrian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akkusativa"
    },
    {
      "code": "ia",
      "lang": "Interlingua",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "accusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "áinsí"
    },
    {
      "code": "sga",
      "lang": "Old Irish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "áinsid"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "accusativo"
    },
    {
      "alt": "たいかく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "roman": "taikaku",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "対格"
    },
    {
      "alt": "よんかく",
      "code": "ja",
      "lang": "Japanese",
      "raw_tags": [
        "for German"
      ],
      "roman": "yonkaku",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "especially"
      ],
      "word": "4格"
    },
    {
      "code": "csb",
      "lang": "Kashubian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "winowôcz"
    },
    {
      "code": "csb",
      "lang": "Kashubian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akùzatiw"
    },
    {
      "code": "kk",
      "lang": "Kazakh",
      "roman": "tabys septık",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "табыс септік"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "daegyeok",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "대격"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "casus accusativus"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "incūsātīvus"
    },
    {
      "code": "lt",
      "lang": "Lithuanian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "galininkas"
    },
    {
      "code": "ml",
      "lang": "Malayalam",
      "roman": "pratigrāhika",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "പ്രതിഗ്രാഹിക"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "zaaxyn tiin jalgal",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "заахын тийн ялгал"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "zaax tiin jalgal",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic"
      ],
      "word": "заах тийн ялгал"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "ǰiɣaqu-yin teyin ilɣal",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠶᠢᠨ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ"
    },
    {
      "code": "mn",
      "lang": "Mongolian",
      "roman": "ǰiɣaqu teyin ilɣal",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Mongolian"
      ],
      "word": "ᠵᠢᠭᠠᠬᠤ ᠲᠡᠶᠢᠨ ᠢᠯᠭᠠᠯ"
    },
    {
      "code": "se",
      "lang": "Northern Sami",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akkusatiiva"
    },
    {
      "code": "nb",
      "lang": "Norwegian Bokmål",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akkusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akkusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "nn",
      "lang": "Norwegian Nynorsk",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "underfall"
    },
    {
      "code": "ang",
      "lang": "Old English",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "wregendlic casus"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "biernik"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzatyw"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "accusativus"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzatiwus"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "acuzativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ro",
      "lang": "Romanian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "caz acuzativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "vinítelʹnyj padéž",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "вини́тельный паде́ж"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Cyrillic",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "акузатив"
    },
    {
      "code": "sh",
      "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "Roman",
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "akuzatív"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "štvrtý pád"
    },
    {
      "code": "sl",
      "lang": "Slovene",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tožilnik"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "caso acusativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "common-gender"
      ],
      "word": "ackusativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ta",
      "lang": "Tamil",
      "roman": "iraṇṭām vēṟṟumai",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "இரண்டாம் வேற்றுமை"
    },
    {
      "code": "te",
      "lang": "Telugu",
      "roman": "dvitīyā vibhakti",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "ద్వితీయా విభక్తి"
    },
    {
      "code": "th",
      "lang": "Thai",
      "roman": "gam-má-gaa-rók",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "กรรมการก"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "znaxídnyj vidmínok",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "знахі́дний відмі́нок"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "znaxídnyj",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "знахі́дний"
    },
    {
      "code": "ug",
      "lang": "Uyghur",
      "roman": "chüshüm këlish",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "چۈشۈم كېلىش"
    },
    {
      "code": "vi",
      "lang": "Vietnamese",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "đối cách"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "kimifal"
    },
    {
      "code": "vo",
      "lang": "Volapük",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "kusatif"
    },
    {
      "code": "cy",
      "lang": "Welsh",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "gwrthrychol"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "hwaenfal"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "4e fal"
    },
    {
      "code": "fy",
      "lang": "West Frisian",
      "sense": "accusative case",
      "word": "akkusatyf"
    }
  ],
  "wikipedia": [
    "accusative"
  ],
  "word": "accusative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.