"ser" meaning in Catalan

See ser in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Noun

IPA: [ˈser] [Central, Valencian] Forms: sers [plural]
Etymology: Nominalization of Etymology 1. Head templates: {{ca-noun|m}} ser m (plural sers)
  1. being (living creature) Tags: masculine
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-noun-YqzbaOkY
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ésser
Etymology number: 2

Verb

IPA: [ˈse] [Central], [ˈsə] [Balearic], [ˈseɾ] [Valencian] Audio: LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav
Etymology: Perhaps borrowed from Aragonese or Spanish ser. Doublet of ésser. Etymology templates: {{bor|ca|an|-}} Aragonese, {{bor|ca|es|ser}} Spanish ser, {{doublet|ca|ésser}} Doublet of ésser Head templates: {{ca-verb|root=é}} ser (first-person singular present soc, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle estat or sigut); root stress: (Central, Valencian, Balearic) /e/ Inflection templates: {{ca-conj}} Forms: ser [canonical], root stress: [canonical], e [canonical], soc [first-person, present, singular], fui [first-person, preterite, singular], estat [participle, past], sigut [participle, past], conjugation-2 irregular [table-tags], ser [infinitive], sent [gerund], essent [gerund], estat [masculine, participle, past, singular], sigut [masculine, participle, past, singular], estada [feminine, participle, past, singular], siguda [feminine, participle, past, singular], estats [masculine, participle, past, plural], siguts [masculine, participle, past, plural], estades [feminine, participle, past, plural], sigudes [feminine, participle, past, plural], soc [first-person, indicative, present, singular], ets [indicative, present, second-person, singular], és [indicative, present, singular, third-person], som [first-person, indicative, plural, present], sou [indicative, plural, present, second-person], són [indicative, plural, present, third-person], era [first-person, imperfect, indicative, singular], eres [imperfect, indicative, second-person, singular], era [imperfect, indicative, singular, third-person], érem [first-person, imperfect, indicative, plural], éreu [imperfect, indicative, plural, second-person], eren [imperfect, indicative, plural, third-person], seré [first-person, future, indicative, singular], seràs [future, indicative, second-person, singular], serà [future, indicative, singular, third-person], serem [first-person, future, indicative, plural], sereu [future, indicative, plural, second-person], seran [future, indicative, plural, third-person], fui [first-person, indicative, preterite, singular], fores [indicative, preterite, second-person, singular], fou [indicative, preterite, singular, third-person], fórem [first-person, indicative, plural, preterite], fóreu [indicative, plural, preterite, second-person], foren [indicative, plural, preterite, third-person], seria [conditional, first-person, indicative, singular], fora [conditional, first-person, indicative, singular], series [conditional, indicative, second-person, singular], fores [conditional, indicative, second-person, singular], seria [conditional, indicative, singular, third-person], fora [conditional, indicative, singular, third-person], seríem [conditional, first-person, indicative, plural], fórem [conditional, first-person, indicative, plural], seríeu [conditional, indicative, plural, second-person], fóreu [conditional, indicative, plural, second-person], serien [conditional, indicative, plural, third-person], foren [conditional, indicative, plural, third-person], sigui [first-person, present, singular, subjunctive], siguis [present, second-person, singular, subjunctive], sigui [present, singular, subjunctive, third-person], siguem [first-person, plural, present, subjunctive], sigueu [plural, present, second-person, subjunctive], siguin [plural, present, subjunctive, third-person], fos [first-person, imperfect, singular, subjunctive], fossis [imperfect, second-person, singular, subjunctive], fos [imperfect, singular, subjunctive, third-person], fóssim [first-person, imperfect, plural, subjunctive], fóssiu [imperfect, plural, second-person, subjunctive], fossin [imperfect, plural, subjunctive, third-person], sigues [imperative, second-person], sigui [formal, imperative, second-person-semantically, singular], siguem [first-person, imperative, plural], sigueu [imperative, plural, second-person], siguin [formal, imperative, plural, second-person-semantically], no siguis [imperative, negative, second-person], no sigui [formal, imperative, negative, second-person-semantically, singular], no siguem [first-person, imperative, negative, plural], no sigueu [imperative, negative, plural, second-person], no siguin [formal, imperative, negative, plural, second-person-semantically]
  1. (intransitive) to be, to exist Tags: Balearic, Central, Valencian, intransitive
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-verb-gnoshDZy
  2. (intransitive, +adverbial phrase) to be located (to be in a place) Tags: Balearic, Central, Valencian, intransitive
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-verb-aNUn32hr
  3. (transitive, copulative) to be (used to connect a noun to another noun) Tags: Balearic, Central, Valencian, copulative, transitive
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-verb-NlFmypVD
  4. (transitive, copulative) to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property) Tags: Balearic, Central, Valencian, copulative, transitive
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-verb-tD5fah39
  5. (auxiliary) auxiliary verb to form the passive voice, together with a past participle Tags: Balearic, Central, Valencian, auxiliary
    Sense id: en-ser-ca-verb-fz74qNOP Categories (other): Catalan entries with incorrect language header, IPA pronunciations with invalid representation marks, IPA pronunciations with no pronunciation present Disambiguation of Catalan entries with incorrect language header: 3 19 19 3 11 45 Disambiguation of IPA pronunciations with invalid representation marks: 10 15 14 9 14 37 Disambiguation of IPA pronunciations with no pronunciation present: 3 16 15 1 9 55
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: ésser Derived forms: o sigui, semblar ser
Etymology number: 1

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for ser meaning in Catalan (12.2kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "o sigui"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "semblar ser"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "an",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Aragonese",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "es",
        "3": "ser"
      },
      "expansion": "Spanish ser",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ésser"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of ésser",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Aragonese or Spanish ser. Doublet of ésser.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ser",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "root stress:",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "e",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "soc",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fui",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estat",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigut",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "conjugation-2 irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ca-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ser",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sent",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "essent",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estat",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigut",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estada",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estats",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguts",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estades",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigudes",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "soc",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ets",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "és",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "som",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sou",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "són",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "era",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eres",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "era",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "érem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "éreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seré",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seràs",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serà",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sereu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seran",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fores",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fou",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fórem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "foren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seria",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fora",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "series",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fores",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seria",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fora",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seríem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fórem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seríeu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serien",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "foren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fos",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fossis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fos",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóssim",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóssiu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fossin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigues",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "second-person-semantically",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person-semantically"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person-semantically",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person-semantically"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "root": "é"
      },
      "expansion": "ser (first-person singular present soc, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle estat or sigut); root stress: (Central, Valencian, Balearic) /e/",
      "name": "ca-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "ca-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "To be or not to be, that is the question.",
          "text": "Ser o no ser, aquesta és la qüestió.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be, to exist"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-verb-gnoshDZy",
      "links": [
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ],
        [
          "exist",
          "exist"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to be, to exist"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to be located (to be in a place)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-verb-aNUn32hr",
      "links": [
        [
          "located",
          "located"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "+adverbial phrase",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, +adverbial phrase) to be located (to be in a place)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to be (used to connect a noun to another noun)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-verb-NlFmypVD",
      "links": [
        [
          "copulative",
          "copular verb"
        ],
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, copulative) to be (used to connect a noun to another noun)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "copulative",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-verb-tD5fah39",
      "links": [
        [
          "copulative",
          "copular verb"
        ],
        [
          "have",
          "have"
        ],
        [
          "characteristic",
          "characteristic"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, copulative) to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "copulative",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "3 19 19 3 11 45",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 15 14 9 14 37",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "IPA pronunciations with invalid representation marks",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 16 15 1 9 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "IPA pronunciations with no pronunciation present",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "they have been deceived",
          "text": "han estat enganyats",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "auxiliary verb to form the passive voice, together with a past participle"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-verb-fz74qNOP",
      "links": [
        [
          "auxiliary verb",
          "auxiliary verb#English"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice#English"
        ],
        [
          "past participle",
          "past participle#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(auxiliary) auxiliary verb to form the passive voice, together with a past participle"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "auxiliary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈse]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈsə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈseɾ]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/96/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/96/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ésser"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ser"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Nominalization of Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "sers",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "ser m (plural sers)",
      "name": "ca-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "being (living creature)"
      ],
      "id": "en-ser-ca-noun-YqzbaOkY",
      "links": [
        [
          "being",
          "being"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈser]",
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "ésser"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ser"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Catalan countable nouns",
    "Catalan doublets",
    "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
    "Catalan irregular verbs",
    "Catalan lemmas",
    "Catalan masculine nouns",
    "Catalan nouns",
    "Catalan second conjugation verbs",
    "Catalan suppletive verbs",
    "Catalan terms borrowed from Aragonese",
    "Catalan terms borrowed from Spanish",
    "Catalan terms derived from Aragonese",
    "Catalan terms derived from Spanish",
    "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Catalan terms with audio links",
    "Catalan verbs",
    "IPA pronunciations with invalid representation marks",
    "IPA pronunciations with no pronunciation present",
    "cy:Tools",
    "cy:Weapons"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "o sigui"
    },
    {
      "word": "semblar ser"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "an",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "Aragonese",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "es",
        "3": "ser"
      },
      "expansion": "Spanish ser",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ca",
        "2": "ésser"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of ésser",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Perhaps borrowed from Aragonese or Spanish ser. Doublet of ésser.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "ser",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "root stress:",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "e",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "soc",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fui",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estat",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigut",
      "tags": [
        "participle",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "conjugation-2 irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ca-conj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ser",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sent",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "essent",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "gerund"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estat",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigut",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estada",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estats",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguts",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "estades",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigudes",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "participle",
        "past",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "soc",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ets",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "és",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "som",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sou",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "són",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "era",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eres",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "era",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "érem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "éreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "eren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seré",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seràs",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serà",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sereu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seran",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "future",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fores",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fou",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "preterite",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fórem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "foren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "preterite",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seria",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fora",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "series",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fores",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "second-person",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seria",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fora",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "singular",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seríem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fórem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "first-person",
        "indicative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "seríeu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóreu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "serien",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "foren",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "indicative",
        "plural",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "present",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "present",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fos",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fossis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "second-person",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fos",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "singular",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóssim",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fóssiu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "second-person",
        "subjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "fossin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperfect",
        "plural",
        "subjunctive",
        "third-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigues",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "second-person-semantically",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "plural",
        "second-person-semantically"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguis",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no sigui",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "second-person-semantically",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "first-person",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no sigueu",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no siguin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "imperative",
        "negative",
        "plural",
        "second-person-semantically"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "root": "é"
      },
      "expansion": "ser (first-person singular present soc, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle estat or sigut); root stress: (Central, Valencian, Balearic) /e/",
      "name": "ca-verb"
    }
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "ca-conj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "verb",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan intransitive verbs",
        "Catalan terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "To be or not to be, that is the question.",
          "text": "Ser o no ser, aquesta és la qüestió.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be, to exist"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ],
        [
          "exist",
          "exist"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive) to be, to exist"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan intransitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be located (to be in a place)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "located",
          "located"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "+adverbial phrase",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(intransitive, +adverbial phrase) to be located (to be in a place)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "intransitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan copulative verbs",
        "Catalan transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be (used to connect a noun to another noun)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "copulative",
          "copular verb"
        ],
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, copulative) to be (used to connect a noun to another noun)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "copulative",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan copulative verbs",
        "Catalan transitive verbs"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "copulative",
          "copular verb"
        ],
        [
          "have",
          "have"
        ],
        [
          "characteristic",
          "characteristic"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(transitive, copulative) to have a characteristic (used to connect a noun to an adjective that describes an inherent property)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "copulative",
        "transitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Catalan auxiliary verbs",
        "Catalan terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "they have been deceived",
          "text": "han estat enganyats",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "auxiliary verb to form the passive voice, together with a past participle"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "auxiliary verb",
          "auxiliary verb#English"
        ],
        [
          "passive voice",
          "passive voice#English"
        ],
        [
          "past participle",
          "past participle#English"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(auxiliary) auxiliary verb to form the passive voice, together with a past participle"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Balearic",
        "Central",
        "Valencian",
        "auxiliary"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈse]",
      "tags": [
        "Central"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈsə]",
      "tags": [
        "Balearic"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈseɾ]",
      "tags": [
        "Valencian"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q7026 (cat)-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/96/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/9/96/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav/LL-Q7026_%28cat%29-Unjoanqualsevol-ser.wav.ogg",
      "text": "Audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ésser"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ser"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Catalan countable nouns",
    "Catalan entries with incorrect language header",
    "Catalan lemmas",
    "Catalan masculine nouns",
    "Catalan nouns",
    "Catalan suppletive verbs",
    "Catalan terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "IPA pronunciations with invalid representation marks",
    "IPA pronunciations with no pronunciation present",
    "cy:Tools",
    "cy:Weapons"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_text": "Nominalization of Etymology 1.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "sers",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "ser m (plural sers)",
      "name": "ca-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Catalan",
  "lang_code": "ca",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "being (living creature)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "being",
          "being"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈser]",
      "tags": [
        "Central",
        "Valencian"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "ésser"
    }
  ],
  "word": "ser"
}
{
  "called_from": "form_descriptions/1147",
  "msg": "suspicious related form tags ['canonical']: 'root stress:' in 'ser (first-person singular present soc, first-person singular preterite fui, past participle estat or sigut); root stress: (Central, Valencian, Balearic) /e/'",
  "path": [
    "ser"
  ],
  "section": "Catalan",
  "subsection": "verb",
  "title": "ser",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Catalan dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-05-24 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (46b31b8 and c7ea76d). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.