"мрак" meaning in All languages combined

Noun [Bulgarian]

Forms: mrak [romanization] IPA: /mrak/
  1. darkness Tags: masculine, uncountable Categories (topical): Light

Noun [Macedonian]

Forms: mrak [romanization] IPA: [mrak]
  1. darkness Tags: masculine

Noun [Russian]

Forms: mrak [romanization], мра́ка [genitive], мра́ки [nominative, plural], мра́ков [genitive, plural] IPA: [mrak] Audio: Ru-мрак.ogg
  1. shadow, darkness Tags: inanimate, masculine
  2. gloom (of), cheerlessness (of) Tags: genitive, inanimate, masculine
  3. it's a nightmare, it's appalling/dreadful Tags: inanimate, interjection, masculine
  4. despair Tags: inanimate, masculine, poetic
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms (мра́чный (mráčnyj)): мрачне́ть (mračnétʹ), помрачне́ть (pomračnétʹ) Disambiguation of 'мра́чный (mráčnyj)': 0 0 0 0 Derived forms (мракобе́с (mrakobés)): мракобе́сие (mrakobésije) Disambiguation of 'мракобе́с (mrakobés)': 0 0 0 0 Derived forms (мрачи́ть (mračítʹ), помрачи́ть (pomračítʹ)): помраче́ние (pomračénije) Disambiguation of 'мрачи́ть (mračítʹ), помрачи́ть (pomračítʹ)': 0 0 0 0

Noun [Serbo-Croatian]

Forms: мра̑к [canonical, masculine], spelling mrȃk [Latin] IPA: /mrâːk/
  1. dark, darkness

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for мрак meaning in All languages combined (5.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "мрак",
        "2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "мрак (mrak) m",
      "name": "bg-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "мрак",
      "template_name": "bg-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Light",
          "parents": [
            "Energy",
            "Nature",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "darkness"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "uncountable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mrak/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "мрак (mrak) m",
      "name": "mk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "n": "sg",
      "template_name": "mk-decl-noun-m"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "darkness"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mrak]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "mrakobésije",
      "sense": "мракобе́с (mrakobés)",
      "word": "мракобе́сие"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "pomračénije",
      "sense": "мрачи́ть (mračítʹ), помрачи́ть (pomračítʹ)",
      "word": "помраче́ние"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "mračnétʹ",
      "sense": "мра́чный (mráčnyj)",
      "word": "мрачне́ть"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "roman": "pomračnétʹ",
      "sense": "мра́чный (mráčnyj)",
      "word": "помрачне́ть"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "cu",
        "3": "мракъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Church Slavonic мракъ (mrakŭ)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "мо́рок"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of мо́рок (mórok)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic мракъ (mrakŭ). Doublet of мо́рок (mórok), the inherited East Slavic form.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ка",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ки",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ков",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "shadow, darkness"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun-Dz5aqzM8",
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "gloom (of), cheerlessness (of)"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun-g9a2D3nX",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "inanimate",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "it's a nightmare, it's appalling/dreadful"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun--KA.3VCy",
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "interjection",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "despair"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun-52hFhs33",
      "tags": [
        "inanimate",
        "masculine",
        "poetic"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mrak]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Ru-мрак.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/ca/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "мра̑к",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling mrȃk",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "head": "мра̑к"
      },
      "expansion": "мра̑к m (Latin spelling mrȃk)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "мра̑к",
      "10": "мракови\n",
      "11": "мраку",
      "12": "мраковима\n",
      "13": "мраком",
      "14": "мраковима\n",
      "2": "мра̏кови\n",
      "3": "мрака",
      "4": "мракова\n",
      "5": "мраку",
      "6": "мраковима\n",
      "7": "мрак",
      "8": "мракове\n",
      "9": "мраче",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "glosses": [
        "dark, darkness"
      ],
      "id": "мрак-noun"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mrâːk/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "english": "dark",
      "roman": "mračen",
      "word": "мрачен"
    },
    {
      "roman": "mrača",
      "word": "мрача"
    },
    {
      "english": "to darken",
      "roman": "smračavam",
      "word": "смрачавам"
    },
    {
      "english": "obscurantism",
      "roman": "mrakobesie",
      "word": "мракобесие"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bg",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "мрак",
        "2": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "мрак (mrak) m",
      "name": "bg-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "мрак",
      "template_name": "bg-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bulgarian",
  "lang_code": "bg",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "mrǎkvam",
      "word": "мръквам"
    },
    {
      "english": "to darken, to sunset",
      "roman": "mrǎkna",
      "word": "мръкна"
    },
    {
      "english": "to grime, to sully",
      "roman": "mrǎčkam",
      "word": "мръчкам"
    },
    {
      "english": "to frown",
      "roman": "mrǎštja",
      "word": "мръщя"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mrak/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mk",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "m"
      },
      "expansion": "мрак (mrak) m",
      "name": "mk-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "n": "sg",
      "template_name": "mk-decl-noun-m"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Macedonian",
  "lang_code": "mk",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mrak]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Russian nouns with accent pattern a",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "roman": "mrakobésije",
      "sense": "мракобе́с (mrakobés)",
      "word": "мракобе́сие"
    },
    {
      "roman": "pomračénije",
      "sense": "мрачи́ть (mračítʹ), помрачи́ть (pomračítʹ)",
      "word": "помраче́ние"
    },
    {
      "roman": "mračnétʹ",
      "sense": "мра́чный (mráčnyj)",
      "word": "мрачне́ть"
    },
    {
      "roman": "pomračnétʹ",
      "sense": "мра́чный (mráčnyj)",
      "word": "помрачне́ть"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "cu",
        "3": "мракъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Church Slavonic мракъ (mrakŭ)",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ru",
        "2": "мо́рок"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of мо́рок (mórok)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Old Church Slavonic мракъ (mrakŭ). Doublet of мо́рок (mórok), the inherited East Slavic form.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "mrak",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ка",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ки",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "мра́ков",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Russian",
  "lang_code": "ru",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "omračátʹ",
      "word": "омрача́ть"
    },
    {
      "roman": "omračítʹ",
      "word": "омрачи́ть"
    },
    {
      "roman": "omračatʹsja",
      "word": "омрачаться"
    },
    {
      "roman": "omračitʹsja",
      "word": "омрачиться"
    },
    {
      "roman": "súmrak",
      "word": "су́мрак"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[mrak]"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Ru-мрак.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/ca/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Ru-%D0%BC%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%BA.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "roman": "temnotá",
      "word": "темнота́"
    },
    {
      "roman": "tʹma",
      "word": "тьма"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sh",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*morkъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *morkъ",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Slavic *morkъ.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "мра̑к",
      "tags": [
        "canonical",
        "masculine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "spelling mrȃk",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "g": "m",
        "head": "мра̑к"
      },
      "expansion": "мра̑к m (Latin spelling mrȃk)",
      "name": "sh-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "мра̑к",
      "10": "мракови\n",
      "11": "мраку",
      "12": "мраковима\n",
      "13": "мраком",
      "14": "мраковима\n",
      "2": "мра̏кови\n",
      "3": "мрака",
      "4": "мракова\n",
      "5": "мраку",
      "6": "мраковима\n",
      "7": "мрак",
      "8": "мракове\n",
      "9": "мраче",
      "sc": "Cyrl",
      "template_name": "sh-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Serbo-Croatian",
  "lang_code": "sh",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/mrâːk/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "мрак"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.