"này" meaning in Vietnamese

See này in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adverb

IPA: [naj˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [naj˦˩] [Huế], [na(ː)j˨˩] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”). Part of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*-niː}} Proto-Vietic *-niː, {{inh|vi|mkh-pro|*niʔ}} Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ, {{m|mkh-pro|*nih||this}} *nih (“this”), {{cog|km|នេះ||this}} Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), {{cog|pac|nâh||this}} Pacoh nâh (“this”), {{cog|kha|kane}} Khasi kane, {{m|kha|une||this}} une (“this”), {{cog|caq|në||these things}} Car Nicobarese në (“these things”), {{m|vi|nay||now}} nay (“now”), {{m|vi|ni||this}} ni (“this”), {{m|vi|nấy}} nấy, {{m|vi|nớ}} nớ, {{m|vi|nọ}} nọ, {{m|vi|nè}} nè Head templates: {{head|vi|adverb|||head=|tr=尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢), {{vi-adv|尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢)
  1. here Related terms: nay (english: now)
    Sense id: en-này-vi-adv-~OyRUJdZ
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: nầy, ni (alt: no diphthongization)

Determiner

IPA: [naj˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [naj˦˩] [Huế], [na(ː)j˨˩] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”). Part of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*-niː}} Proto-Vietic *-niː, {{inh|vi|mkh-pro|*niʔ}} Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ, {{m|mkh-pro|*nih||this}} *nih (“this”), {{cog|km|នេះ||this}} Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), {{cog|pac|nâh||this}} Pacoh nâh (“this”), {{cog|kha|kane}} Khasi kane, {{m|kha|une||this}} une (“this”), {{cog|caq|në||these things}} Car Nicobarese në (“these things”), {{m|vi|nay||now}} nay (“now”), {{m|vi|ni||this}} ni (“this”), {{m|vi|nấy}} nấy, {{m|vi|nớ}} nớ, {{m|vi|nọ}} nọ, {{m|vi|nè}} nè Head templates: {{head|vi|determiner||head=|tr=尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢), {{vi-determ|尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢)
  1. this
    Sense id: en-này-vi-det-HreWAkEe Categories (other): Vietnamese determiners, Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header, Vietnamese particles Disambiguation of Vietnamese determiners: 27 47 19 8 Disambiguation of Vietnamese particles: 21 58 15 6 Related terms: đâu‘wherever’, đây‘here’, đấy‘there’, nào‘whichever’, này‘this’, nọ‘that’, bao‘to whatever extent’, bây‘to this extent’, bấy‘to that extent’, sao‘however’, vầy‘this way’, vậy‘that way’, đâuplace-what, đâyplace-this, đấyplace-that1, đó(place-)that1, kia(place-)that2, nàowhat, nầythis, nấy, ấythat1, nọthat2, Place, attributive1n-, ninìnày, nớ, nọ, nào, nominal2đ-, đây, đíđấy, —, đó, đâu, Mannerr-, rirày, rứa, rusao3, Extent 14b-, bây, bấy, bao, Extent 25v-, vầy, vậy, 1 Originally can only follow a nominal (english: being used attributively), hence nơi này (english: this place; here), nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), is itself nominal (english: where; no longer completely true in the modern language), hence đây (english: here), đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu () (english: where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant), bấy nhiêu (english: that much), bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy () (english: how much; this fast), nhanh vậy (english: that fast/so fast)
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: nầy, ni (alt: no diphthongization)

Particle

IPA: [naj˨˩] [Hà-Nội], [naj˦˩] [Huế], [na(ː)j˨˩] [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Audio: LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav [Hồ-Chí-Minh-City] Forms: [CJK], [CJK]
Etymology: From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”). Part of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè. Etymology templates: {{inh|vi|mkh-vie-pro|*-niː}} Proto-Vietic *-niː, {{inh|vi|mkh-pro|*niʔ}} Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ, {{m|mkh-pro|*nih||this}} *nih (“this”), {{cog|km|នេះ||this}} Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), {{cog|pac|nâh||this}} Pacoh nâh (“this”), {{cog|kha|kane}} Khasi kane, {{m|kha|une||this}} une (“this”), {{cog|caq|në||these things}} Car Nicobarese në (“these things”), {{m|vi|nay||now}} nay (“now”), {{m|vi|ni||this}} ni (“this”), {{m|vi|nấy}} nấy, {{m|vi|nớ}} nớ, {{m|vi|nọ}} nọ, {{m|vi|nè}} nè Head templates: {{head|vi|particle|head=|tr=尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢), {{vi-particle|尼, 呢}} này • (尼, 呢)
  1. prefixes someone's name or kinship title, used to call for their attention
    Sense id: en-này-vi-particle-m3ZYXIUD
  2. suffixes someone's name or kinship title, usually functions both as a focus marker and signaling a question Synonyms:
    Sense id: en-này-vi-particle-SHt4nTsq
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: nầy, ni (alt: no diphthongization)

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for này meaning in Vietnamese (12.0kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "27 47 19 8",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese determiners",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "21 58 15 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Vietnamese particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Cái thằng dở hơi này!\nYou butthead!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "this"
      ],
      "id": "en-này-vi-det-HreWAkEe",
      "links": [
        [
          "this",
          "this"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đây‘here’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đấy‘there’"
        },
        {
          "word": "nào‘whichever’"
        },
        {
          "word": "này‘this’"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọ‘that’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
        },
        {
          "word": "sao‘however’"
        },
        {
          "word": "vầy‘this way’"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy‘that way’"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâuplace-what"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâyplace-this"
        },
        {
          "word": "đấyplace-that1"
        },
        {
          "word": "đó(place-)that1"
        },
        {
          "word": "kia(place-)that2"
        },
        {
          "word": "nàowhat"
        },
        {
          "word": "nầythis"
        },
        {
          "word": "nấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "ấythat1"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọthat2"
        },
        {
          "word": "Place"
        },
        {
          "word": "attributive1n-"
        },
        {
          "word": "ninìnày"
        },
        {
          "word": "nớ"
        },
        {
          "word": "nọ"
        },
        {
          "word": "nào"
        },
        {
          "word": "nominal2đ-"
        },
        {
          "word": "đây"
        },
        {
          "word": "đíđấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "—"
        },
        {
          "word": "đó"
        },
        {
          "word": "đâu"
        },
        {
          "word": "Mannerr-"
        },
        {
          "word": "rirày"
        },
        {
          "word": "rứa"
        },
        {
          "word": "rusao3"
        },
        {
          "word": "Extent 14b-"
        },
        {
          "word": "bây"
        },
        {
          "word": "bấy"
        },
        {
          "word": "bao"
        },
        {
          "word": "Extent 25v-"
        },
        {
          "word": "vầy"
        },
        {
          "word": "vậy"
        },
        {
          "english": "being used attributively",
          "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
        },
        {
          "english": "this place; here",
          "word": "hence nơi này"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
          "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
          "word": "is itself nominal"
        },
        {
          "english": "here",
          "word": "hence đây"
        },
        {
          "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
          "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
        },
        {
          "english": "that much",
          "word": "bấy nhiêu"
        },
        {
          "english": "how much; this fast",
          "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
        },
        {
          "english": "that fast/so fast",
          "word": "nhanh vậy"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "here"
      ],
      "id": "en-này-vi-adv-~OyRUJdZ",
      "links": [
        [
          "here",
          "here"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "now",
          "word": "nay"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Hey there!",
          "text": "Này ai ơi!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "này Lan ― hey Lan",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "prefixes someone's name or kinship title, used to call for their attention"
      ],
      "id": "en-này-vi-particle-m3ZYXIUD"
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Is it true that you are about to move out, Khoa?",
          "text": "Khoa này, nghe nói em sắp chuyển nhà hả?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "suffixes someone's name or kinship title, usually functions both as a focus marker and signaling a question"
      ],
      "id": "en-này-vi-particle-SHt4nTsq",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "nè"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese entries with incorrect language header",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "determiner",
        "3": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-determ"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "det",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "đâu‘wherever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây‘here’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấy‘there’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào‘whichever’"
    },
    {
      "word": "này‘this’"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ‘that’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao‘to whatever extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây‘to this extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy‘to that extent’"
    },
    {
      "word": "sao‘however’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy‘this way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy‘that way’"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâuplace-what"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâyplace-this"
    },
    {
      "word": "đấyplace-that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó(place-)that1"
    },
    {
      "word": "kia(place-)that2"
    },
    {
      "word": "nàowhat"
    },
    {
      "word": "nầythis"
    },
    {
      "word": "nấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "ấythat1"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọthat2"
    },
    {
      "word": "Place"
    },
    {
      "word": "attributive1n-"
    },
    {
      "word": "ninìnày"
    },
    {
      "word": "nớ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nọ"
    },
    {
      "word": "nào"
    },
    {
      "word": "nominal2đ-"
    },
    {
      "word": "đây"
    },
    {
      "word": "đíđấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "đó"
    },
    {
      "word": "đâu"
    },
    {
      "word": "Mannerr-"
    },
    {
      "word": "rirày"
    },
    {
      "word": "rứa"
    },
    {
      "word": "rusao3"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 14b-"
    },
    {
      "word": "bây"
    },
    {
      "word": "bấy"
    },
    {
      "word": "bao"
    },
    {
      "word": "Extent 25v-"
    },
    {
      "word": "vầy"
    },
    {
      "word": "vậy"
    },
    {
      "english": "being used attributively",
      "word": "1 Originally can only follow a nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "this place; here",
      "word": "hence nơi này"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "nơi nào. 2 Can be used on its own"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; no longer completely true in the modern language",
      "word": "is itself nominal"
    },
    {
      "english": "here",
      "word": "hence đây"
    },
    {
      "english": "where; this much; where *C is nonspecific consonant",
      "word": "đâu. 3 From earlier *C-raːw. 4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that much",
      "word": "bấy nhiêu"
    },
    {
      "english": "how much; this fast",
      "word": "bao nhiêu. 5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy ()"
    },
    {
      "english": "that fast/so fast",
      "word": "nhanh vậy"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Cái thằng dở hơi này!\nYou butthead!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "this"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "this",
          "this"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "adverb",
        "3": "",
        "4": "",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-adv"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "adv",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "now",
      "word": "nay"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "here"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "here",
          "here"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Vietnamese adverbs",
    "Vietnamese determiners",
    "Vietnamese lemmas",
    "Vietnamese particles",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms derived from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Mon-Khmer",
    "Vietnamese terms inherited from Proto-Vietic",
    "Vietnamese terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Vietnamese terms with audio links"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-vie-pro",
        "3": "*-niː"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Vietic *-niː",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "mkh-pro",
        "3": "*niʔ"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "mkh-pro",
        "2": "*nih",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "*nih (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "km",
        "2": "នេះ",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pac",
        "2": "nâh",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "Pacoh nâh (“this”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "kane"
      },
      "expansion": "Khasi kane",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "kha",
        "2": "une",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "une (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "caq",
        "2": "në",
        "3": "",
        "4": "these things"
      },
      "expansion": "Car Nicobarese në (“these things”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nay",
        "3": "",
        "4": "now"
      },
      "expansion": "nay (“now”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "ni",
        "3": "",
        "4": "this"
      },
      "expansion": "ni (“this”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nấy"
      },
      "expansion": "nấy",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nớ"
      },
      "expansion": "nớ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nọ"
      },
      "expansion": "nọ",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "nè"
      },
      "expansion": "nè",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Vietic *-niː, from Proto-Mon-Khmer *niʔ ~ *nih (“this”); cognate with Khmer នេះ (nih, “this”), Pacoh nâh (“this”), Khasi kane/une (“this”) and Car Nicobarese në (“these things”). See also nay (“now”) and Central Vietnamese ni (“this”).\nPart of the n-series of demonstratives, along with nấy, nớ, nọ, nè.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "尼",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "呢",
      "tags": [
        "CJK"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "vi",
        "2": "particle",
        "head": "",
        "tr": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "尼, 呢"
      },
      "expansion": "này • (尼, 呢)",
      "name": "vi-particle"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Vietnamese",
  "lang_code": "vi",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Hey there!",
          "text": "Này ai ơi!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "này Lan ― hey Lan",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "prefixes someone's name or kinship title, used to call for their attention"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Vietnamese terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Is it true that you are about to move out, Khoa?",
          "text": "Khoa này, nghe nói em sắp chuyển nhà hả?",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "suffixes someone's name or kinship title, usually functions both as a focus marker and signaling a question"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "nè"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hà-Nội"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[naj˦˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Huế"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[na(ː)j˨˩]",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q9199 (vie)-Jessica Nguyen (Pamputt)-này.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/3/3b/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav/LL-Q9199_%28vie%29-Jessica_Nguyen_%28Pamputt%29-n%C3%A0y.wav.ogg",
      "tags": [
        "Hồ-Chí-Minh-City"
      ],
      "text": "Audio (Hồ Chí Minh City)"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "nầy"
    },
    {
      "alt": "no diphthongization",
      "word": "ni"
    }
  ],
  "word": "này"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Vietnamese dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-04-17 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-04-01 using wiktextract (0b52755 and 5cb0836). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.