"tú" meaning in Spanish

Pronoun

IPA: /ˈtu/, [ˈt̪u] Audio: Es-tú.ogg Rhymes: -u
  1. Second person pronoun in singular tense (informal communication in Spain and Mexico). you; thou (cognate).
    Categories (other): Spanish pronouns Synonyms: vos (english: [[Appendix:Spanish pronouns#Voseo|in and near Argentina]])

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for tú meaning in Spanish (1.4kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tū"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tū",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*tū"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *tū",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *túh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "thou"
      },
      "expansion": "thou",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin tū, from Proto-Italic *tū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ (whence English thou).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "tú",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Spanish pronouns",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Second person pronoun in singular tense (informal communication in Spain and Mexico). you; thou (cognate)."
      ],
      "id": "tú-pron",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "[[Appendix:Spanish pronouns#Voseo|in and near Argentina]]",
          "word": "vos"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtu/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈt̪u]"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "tu"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-u"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Es-tú.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/22/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "tú"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ],
      "word": "tutear"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "tuteo"
    },
    {
      "word": "¿tú y cuántos más?"
    },
    {
      "word": "yo que tú"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "tū"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin tū",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*tū"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *tū",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*túh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *túh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "thou"
      },
      "expansion": "thou",
      "name": "m"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Latin tū, from Proto-Italic *tū, from Proto-Indo-European *túh₂ (whence English thou).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "es",
        "2": "pronoun"
      },
      "expansion": "tú",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Spanish",
  "lang_code": "es",
  "pos": "pron",
  "related": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "formal"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "communication",
        "communications"
      ],
      "word": "usted"
    },
    {
      "word": "yo"
    },
    {
      "word": "me"
    },
    {
      "word": "mí1"
    },
    {
      "word": "nosotros"
    },
    {
      "word": "nos"
    },
    {
      "word": "nosotras"
    },
    {
      "word": "te"
    },
    {
      "word": "ti1"
    },
    {
      "word": "vos"
    },
    {
      "word": "usted"
    },
    {
      "word": "le"
    },
    {
      "word": "se4"
    },
    {
      "word": "lo/la5"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosotros"
    },
    {
      "word": "os"
    },
    {
      "word": "vosotras"
    },
    {
      "word": "ustedes"
    },
    {
      "word": "les"
    },
    {
      "word": "los/las5"
    },
    {
      "word": "él"
    },
    {
      "word": "lo"
    },
    {
      "word": "ella"
    },
    {
      "word": "la"
    },
    {
      "word": "ello7"
    },
    {
      "word": "ello"
    },
    {
      "word": "ellos"
    },
    {
      "word": "los"
    },
    {
      "word": "ellas"
    },
    {
      "word": "las"
    },
    {
      "word": "—"
    },
    {
      "word": "se"
    },
    {
      "word": "sí1"
    },
    {
      "word": "Not used with con"
    },
    {
      "word": "conmigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "contigo"
    },
    {
      "word": "and consigo are used instead"
    },
    {
      "word": "respectively"
    },
    {
      "word": "Like other masculine Spanish words"
    },
    {
      "word": "masculine Spanish pronouns can be used when the gender of the subject is unknown"
    },
    {
      "word": "when the subject is plural and of mixed gender"
    },
    {
      "word": "Treated as if it were third-person for purposes of conjugation and reflexivity"
    },
    {
      "word": "If le"
    },
    {
      "word": "les precedes lo"
    },
    {
      "word": "or las in a clause"
    },
    {
      "english": "e.g., Se lo dije instead of Le lo dije",
      "word": "it is replaced with se"
    },
    {
      "word": "Depending on the implicit gender of the object being referred to"
    },
    {
      "word": "Used primarily in Spain"
    },
    {
      "word": "Used only in rare circumstances"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Rhymes:Spanish/u",
        "Spanish 1-syllable words",
        "Spanish lemmas",
        "Spanish pronouns",
        "Spanish terms derived from Latin",
        "Spanish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Spanish terms derived from Proto-Italic",
        "Spanish terms inherited from Latin",
        "Spanish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
        "Spanish terms inherited from Proto-Italic",
        "Spanish terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Spanish terms with audio links",
        "Spanish terms with homophones"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Second person pronoun in singular tense (informal communication in Spain and Mexico). you; thou (cognate)."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "[[Appendix:Spanish pronouns#Voseo|in and near Argentina]]",
          "word": "vos"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈtu/"
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈt̪u]"
    },
    {
      "homophone": "tu"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-u"
    },
    {
      "audio": "Es-tú.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/22/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Es-t%C3%BA.ogg",
      "text": "audio"
    }
  ],
  "word": "tú"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Spanish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.