"āk" meaning in Proto-Turkic

See āk in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

Etymology: Akin to Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”), Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”). Etymology templates: {{cog|xgn-pro|*cagaxan|*caga-xan|t=white}} Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”), {{cog|tuw-pro|*šāka-|t=white}} Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”) Head templates: {{head|trk-pro|adjective}} *āk
  1. (Common Turkic) white Tags: reconstruction Synonyms: ürüŋ (english: white) Derived forms: āk kugu

Download JSON data for āk meaning in Proto-Turkic (6.7kB)

{
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "ااقْ",
            "tr": "āq"
          },
          "expansion": "ااقْ (āq)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "اَقْ",
            "tr": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "اَقْ (aq)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Oghuz: ااقْ (āq) اَقْ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "trk-oat",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Old Anatolian Turkish:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Anatolian Turkish:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "az",
            "2": "ağ"
          },
          "expansion": "Azerbaijani: ağ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Azerbaijani: ağ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ota",
            "2": "آق",
            "tr": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish: آق (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ottoman Turkish: آق (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gag",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Gagauz: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gagauz: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tr",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkish: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkish: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "slr",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Salar: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Salar: aq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tk",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkmen: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkmen: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Karluk:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "chg",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Chagatai:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chagatai:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "uz",
            "2": "oq"
          },
          "expansion": "Uzbek: oq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uzbek: oq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ug",
            "2": "ئاق"
          },
          "expansion": "Uyghur: ئاق (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uyghur: ئاق (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Western Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "krc",
            "2": "акъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Karachay-Balkar: акъ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karachay-Balkar: акъ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "jct",
            "2": "ах"
          },
          "expansion": "Krymchak: ах",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Krymchak: ах"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kum",
            "2": "акъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kumyk: акъ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kumyk: акъ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ba",
            "2": "аҡ"
          },
          "expansion": "Bashkir: аҡ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bashkir: аҡ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tt",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Tatar: ак (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tatar: ак (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Caspian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kaa",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakalpak: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakalpak: aq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kk",
            "2": "ақ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kazakh: ақ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kazakh: ақ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nog",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Nogai: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Nogai: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kyrgyz-Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ky",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Kyrgyz: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kyrgyz: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "alt",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Altai: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Altai: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Old Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk",
            "2": "𐰀𐰴",
            "tr": "āq"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Turkic: 𐰀𐰴 (āq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Turkic: 𐰀𐰴 (āq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sah",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Yakut: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yakut: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Sayan Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kim",
            "2": "аӄ"
          },
          "expansion": "Tofa: аӄ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tofa: аӄ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tyv",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Tuvan: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tuvan: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Yenisei Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kjh",
            "2": "ах"
          },
          "expansion": "Khakas: ах (ax)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khakas: ах (ax)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cjs",
            "2": "ақ"
          },
          "expansion": "Shor: ақ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Shor: ақ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ybe",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Western Yugur: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Western Yugur: aq"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "*cagaxan",
        "3": "*caga-xan",
        "t": "white"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "*šāka-",
        "t": "white"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Akin to Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”), Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "adjective"
      },
      "expansion": "*āk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Turkic",
  "lang_code": "trk-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/āk",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Common Turkic",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Old Turkic terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Turkic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "āk kugu"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "white"
      ],
      "id": "āk-trk-pro-adj-AY-pakRx",
      "links": [
        [
          "white",
          "white"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "Common Turkic",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Common Turkic) white"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "āk"
        },
        {
          "word": "ürüŋ"
        },
        {
          "word": "boŕ"
        },
        {
          "word": "sūr"
        },
        {
          "word": "kuba"
        },
        {
          "word": "čāl"
        },
        {
          "word": "oń"
        },
        {
          "word": "kara"
        },
        {
          "word": "kïŕïl"
        },
        {
          "word": "āl"
        },
        {
          "word": "koŋur"
        },
        {
          "word": "yạgïŕ"
        },
        {
          "word": "siarïg"
        },
        {
          "word": "yẹgren"
        },
        {
          "word": "yāĺïl"
        },
        {
          "word": "kȫk"
        },
        {
          "word": "(y)ip-"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "english": "white",
          "word": "ürüŋ"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "āk"
}
{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "āk kugu"
    }
  ],
  "descendants": [
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "ااقْ",
            "tr": "āq"
          },
          "expansion": "ااقْ (āq)",
          "name": "l"
        },
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "xqa",
            "2": "اَقْ",
            "tr": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "اَقْ (aq)",
          "name": "l"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Oghuz: ااقْ (āq) اَقْ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "trk-oat",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Old Anatolian Turkish:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Anatolian Turkish:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "az",
            "2": "ağ"
          },
          "expansion": "Azerbaijani: ağ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Azerbaijani: ağ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ota",
            "2": "آق",
            "tr": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish: آق (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Ottoman Turkish: آق (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "gag",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Gagauz: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Gagauz: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tr",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkish: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkish: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "slr",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Salar: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Salar: aq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tk",
            "2": "ak"
          },
          "expansion": "Turkmen: ak",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Turkmen: ak"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Karluk:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "chg",
            "2": ""
          },
          "expansion": "Chagatai:",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Chagatai:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "uz",
            "2": "oq"
          },
          "expansion": "Uzbek: oq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uzbek: oq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ug",
            "2": "ئاق"
          },
          "expansion": "Uyghur: ئاق (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Uyghur: ئاق (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Western Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "krc",
            "2": "акъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Karachay-Balkar: акъ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karachay-Balkar: акъ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "jct",
            "2": "ах"
          },
          "expansion": "Krymchak: ах",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Krymchak: ах"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kum",
            "2": "акъ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kumyk: акъ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kumyk: акъ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ba",
            "2": "аҡ"
          },
          "expansion": "Bashkir: аҡ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Bashkir: аҡ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tt",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Tatar: ак (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tatar: ак (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Caspian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kaa",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Karakalpak: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Karakalpak: aq"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kk",
            "2": "ақ"
          },
          "expansion": "Kazakh: ақ (aq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kazakh: ақ (aq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "nog",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Nogai: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Nogai: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Kyrgyz-Kipchak:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ky",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Kyrgyz: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Kyrgyz: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "alt",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Southern Altai: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Southern Altai: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 1,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Old Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "otk",
            "2": "𐰀𐰴",
            "tr": "āq"
          },
          "expansion": "Old Turkic: 𐰀𐰴 (āq)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Old Turkic: 𐰀𐰴 (āq)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "North Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "sah",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Yakut: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Yakut: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 2,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "South Siberian:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Sayan Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kim",
            "2": "аӄ"
          },
          "expansion": "Tofa: аӄ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tofa: аӄ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "tyv",
            "2": "ак"
          },
          "expansion": "Tuvan: ак (ak)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Tuvan: ак (ak)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 3,
      "templates": [],
      "text": "Yenisei Turkic:"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "kjh",
            "2": "ах"
          },
          "expansion": "Khakas: ах (ax)",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Khakas: ах (ax)"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "cjs",
            "2": "ақ"
          },
          "expansion": "Shor: ақ",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Shor: ақ"
    },
    {
      "depth": 4,
      "templates": [
        {
          "args": {
            "1": "ybe",
            "2": "aq"
          },
          "expansion": "Western Yugur: aq",
          "name": "desc"
        }
      ],
      "text": "Western Yugur: aq"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "*cagaxan",
        "3": "*caga-xan",
        "t": "white"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”)",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "*šāka-",
        "t": "white"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Akin to Proto-Mongolic *caga-xan (“white”), Proto-Tungusic *šāka- (“white”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "adjective"
      },
      "expansion": "*āk",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Turkic",
  "lang_code": "trk-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Turkic/āk",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "āk"
    },
    {
      "word": "ürüŋ"
    },
    {
      "word": "boŕ"
    },
    {
      "word": "sūr"
    },
    {
      "word": "kuba"
    },
    {
      "word": "čāl"
    },
    {
      "word": "oń"
    },
    {
      "word": "kara"
    },
    {
      "word": "kïŕïl"
    },
    {
      "word": "āl"
    },
    {
      "word": "koŋur"
    },
    {
      "word": "yạgïŕ"
    },
    {
      "word": "siarïg"
    },
    {
      "word": "yẹgren"
    },
    {
      "word": "yāĺïl"
    },
    {
      "word": "kȫk"
    },
    {
      "word": "(y)ip-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Common Turkic",
        "Old Turkic terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
        "Proto-Turkic adjectives",
        "Proto-Turkic entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Proto-Turkic lemmas",
        "Proto-Turkic terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "trk-pro:Colors"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "white"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "white",
          "white"
        ]
      ],
      "qualifier": "Common Turkic",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(Common Turkic) white"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "white",
      "word": "ürüŋ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "āk"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Proto-Turkic dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-01-28 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-01-20 using wiktextract (unknown and unknown). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.