"cały" meaning in Polish

See cały in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ˈt͡sa.wɨ/
Rhymes: -awɨ Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas, from Proto-Indo-European *kóylos. Cognate to English hale, whole. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*cě̑lъ|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*cě̑lъ}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ, {{inh|pl|ine-bsl-pro|*kailas}} Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas, {{inh|pl|ine-pro|*kóylos}} Proto-Indo-European *kóylos, {{cog|en|hale, whole}} English hale, whole Head templates: {{pl-adj|-|adv=cało}} cały (not comparable, adverb cało) Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-adj-auto}} Forms: cało [adverb], [table-tags], pl-decl-adj-auto [inflection-template], cały [masculine, nominative, singular, vocative], całe [neuter, nominative, singular, vocative], cała [feminine, nominative, singular, vocative], cali [nominative, plural, virile, vocative], całe [nominative, nonvirile, plural, vocative], całego [genitive, masculine, neuter, singular], całej [feminine, genitive, singular], całych [genitive, plural], całemu [dative, masculine, neuter, singular], całej [dative, feminine, singular], całym [dative, plural], całego [accusative, animate, masculine, singular], cały [accusative, inanimate, masculine, singular], całe [accusative, neuter, singular], całą [accusative, feminine, singular], całych [accusative, plural, virile], całe [accusative, nonvirile, plural], całym [instrumental, masculine, neuter, singular], całą [feminine, instrumental, singular], całymi [instrumental, plural], całym [locative, masculine, neuter, singular], całej [feminine, locative, singular], całych [locative, plural]
  1. whole, complete, entire Tags: not-comparable
    Sense id: cały-pl-adj-DOa-P7tc Synonyms: całkowity, zupełny
  2. intact Tags: not-comparable
    Sense id: cały-pl-adj-5tfd2PQU Synonyms: nienaruszony, nietknięty
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Derived forms: całkowalny, całkowity, całkowy, cale, całkiem, całkowicie, calec, calizna, całka, całość, wcale, całkować [imperfective], scalać [imperfective], scalić [perfective] Related terms: całus, ocaleniec, całować [imperfective], ocalać [imperfective], ocalić [perfective], ocaleć [perfective]

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for cały meaning in Polish (4.9kB)

{
  "categories": [],
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całkowalny"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całkowity"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całkowy"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "cale"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całkiem"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całkowicie"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "calec"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "calizna"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całka"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całość"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "wcale"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "całkować"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "scalać"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "scalić"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*cě̑lъ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*cě̑lъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-bsl-pro",
        "3": "*kailas"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kóylos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kóylos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hale, whole"
      },
      "expansion": "English hale, whole",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas, from Proto-Indo-European *kóylos. Cognate to English hale, whole.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cało",
      "tags": [
        "adverb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-adj-auto",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cały",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cała",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cali",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "virile",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całego",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całemu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całego",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "animate",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cały",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "inanimate",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całymi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-",
        "adv": "cało"
      },
      "expansion": "cały (not comparable, adverb cało)",
      "name": "pl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ca‧ły"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-adj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "całus"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "word": "ocaleniec"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "całować"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocalać"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocalić"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0",
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocaleć"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "whole, complete, entire"
      ],
      "id": "cały-pl-adj-DOa-P7tc",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "whole, complete, entire"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "całkowity"
        },
        {
          "word": "zupełny"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "intact"
      ],
      "id": "cały-pl-adj-5tfd2PQU",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "intact"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "nienaruszony"
        },
        {
          "word": "nietknięty"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈt͡sa.wɨ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-awɨ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cały"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Polish 2-syllable words",
    "Polish adjectives",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Polish uncomparable adjectives",
    "Rhymes:Polish/awɨ",
    "Rhymes:Polish/awɨ/2 syllables"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "całkowalny"
    },
    {
      "word": "całkowity"
    },
    {
      "word": "całkowy"
    },
    {
      "word": "cale"
    },
    {
      "word": "całkiem"
    },
    {
      "word": "całkowicie"
    },
    {
      "word": "calec"
    },
    {
      "word": "calizna"
    },
    {
      "word": "całka"
    },
    {
      "word": "całość"
    },
    {
      "word": "wcale"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "całkować"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "scalać"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "scalić"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*cě̑lъ",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*cě̑lъ"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-bsl-pro",
        "3": "*kailas"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*kóylos"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *kóylos",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "hale, whole"
      },
      "expansion": "English hale, whole",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *cě̑lъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *kailas, from Proto-Indo-European *kóylos. Cognate to English hale, whole.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "cało",
      "tags": [
        "adverb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-adj-auto",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cały",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cała",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "nominative",
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cali",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural",
        "virile",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całego",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całemu",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całego",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "animate",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "cały",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "inanimate",
        "masculine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "feminine",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural",
        "virile"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całe",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "nonvirile",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całymi",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całym",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "masculine",
        "neuter",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całej",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "całych",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-",
        "adv": "cało"
      },
      "expansion": "cały (not comparable, adverb cało)",
      "name": "pl-adj"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "ca‧ły"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "name": "pl-decl-adj-auto"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "adj",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "całus"
    },
    {
      "word": "ocaleniec"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "całować"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "imperfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocalać"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocalić"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "perfective"
      ],
      "word": "ocaleć"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "whole, complete, entire"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "whole, complete, entire"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "całkowity"
        },
        {
          "word": "zupełny"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    },
    {
      "glosses": [
        "intact"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "intact"
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "nienaruszony"
        },
        {
          "word": "nietknięty"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "not-comparable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈt͡sa.wɨ/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-awɨ"
    }
  ],
  "word": "cały"
}
{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </i>",
  "path": [
    "cały"
  ],
  "section": "Polish",
  "subsection": "adjective",
  "title": "cały",
  "trace": null
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2023-02-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2023-02-01 using wiktextract.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.

The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.