"-이다" meaning in Korean

See -이다 in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Particle

IPA: [ida̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula. Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-이〮라〮|tr=-í-lá}} Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), {{inh|ko|oko|是|tr=*i-}} Old Korean 是 (*i-), {{cog|ko-jeo|-이라우}} Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau) Head templates: {{head|ko|particle|infinitive|-야|or|-이야|sequential|-이니}} 이다 • (-ida) (infinitive 야 or 이야, sequential 이니) Forms: 이다 [canonical], -ida [romanization], [infinitive], 이야 [infinitive], 이니 [sequential], irregular [table-tags], -이다 [formal, indicative, non-past], -이야 [indicative, informal, non-past], -이에요 [indicative, informal, non-past, polite], -예요 [indicative, informal, non-past, polite], -입니다 [formal, indicative, non-past, polite], -이었다 [formal, indicative, past], -였다 [formal, indicative, past], -이었어 [indicative, informal, past], -였어 [indicative, informal, past], -이었어요 [indicative, informal, past, polite], -였어요 [indicative, informal, past, polite], -이었습니다 [formal, indicative, past, polite], -였습니다 [formal, indicative, past, polite], -이냐 [formal, interrogative, non-past], -이야 [informal, interrogative, non-past], -이에요 [informal, interrogative, non-past, polite], -예요 [informal, interrogative, non-past, polite], -입니까 [formal, interrogative, non-past, polite], -이었느냐 [formal, interrogative, past], -였느냐 [formal, interrogative, past], -이었어 [informal, interrogative, past], -였어 [informal, interrogative, past], -이었어요 [informal, interrogative, past, polite], -였어요 [informal, interrogative, past, polite], -이었습니까 [formal, interrogative, past, polite], -였습니까 [formal, interrogative, past, polite], -이겠다 [assertive, formal], -이겠어 [assertive, informal], -이겠어요 [assertive, informal, polite], -이겠습니다 [assertive, formal, polite], -이에 [causative, formal], -이어서 [causative, informal], -이니 [causative, informal, polite], -이니까 [causative, formal, polite], -이지만 [contrastive, formal], -인데 [contrastive, informal], -이더니 [contrastive, informal, polite], -이고 [conjunctive, formal], -이면 [conditional, formal], -이어야 [conditional, informal], -임 [formal, noun-from-verb], -이기 [informal, noun-from-verb], -이었음 [formal, noun-from-verb, past], -였음 [formal, noun-from-verb, past], -이었기 [informal, noun-from-verb, past], -였기 [informal, noun-from-verb, past], -인 [determiner, informal, present], -일 [determiner, future, informal], irregular [table-tags], -이시다 [indicative, non-past], -이셔 [indicative, informal, non-past], -이세요 [indicative, non-past, polite], -이셔요 [indicative, non-past, polite], -이십니다 [formal, indicative, non-past], -이셨다 [indicative, past], -이셨어 [indicative, informal, past], -이셨어요 [indicative, past, polite], -이셨습니다 [formal, indicative, past], -이시냐 [interrogative, non-past], -이셔 [informal, interrogative, non-past], -이세요 [interrogative, non-past, polite], -이셔요 [interrogative, non-past, polite], -이십니까 [formal, interrogative, non-past], -이셨냐 [interrogative, past], -이셨어 [informal, interrogative, past], -이셨어요 [interrogative, past, polite], -이셨습니까 [formal, interrogative, past], -이시겠다 [assertive], -이시겠어 [assertive, informal], -이시겠어요 [assertive, polite], -이시겠습니다 [assertive, formal], -이셔 [causative], -이셔서 [causative, informal], -이시니 [causative, polite], -이시니까 [causative, formal], -이시지만 [contrastive], -이신데 [contrastive, informal], -이시더니 [contrastive, polite], -이시고 [conjunctive], -이시면 [conditional], -이셔야 [conditional, informal], -이심 [noun-from-verb], -이시기 [informal, noun-from-verb], -이셨음 [noun-from-verb, past], -이셨기 [informal, noun-from-verb, past], -이신 [determiner, informal, present], -이실 [determiner, future, informal]
  1. to be; the Korean copula.
    Sense id: en--이다-ko-particle-gHXZHAIw Categories (other): Korean entries with incorrect language header, Korean links with redundant wikilinks, Korean particles, Korean terms with redundant script codes, Korean terms with redundant transliterations, Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations Disambiguation of Korean entries with incorrect language header: 64 12 24 Disambiguation of Korean links with redundant wikilinks: 88 12 Disambiguation of Korean particles: 79 21 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant script codes: 74 12 14 Disambiguation of Korean terms with redundant transliterations: 74 11 15 Disambiguation of Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations: 80 6 13
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Particle

IPA: [ida̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: 이다 [canonical], -ida [romanization]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula. Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-이〮라〮|tr=-í-lá}} Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), {{inh|ko|oko|是|tr=*i-}} Old Korean 是 (*i-), {{cog|ko-jeo|-이라우}} Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau) Head templates: {{ko-pos|particle}} 이다 • (-ida)
  1. (eastern Jeolla dialect, southwestern Gyeongsang) A particle attached to intimate-, plain-, and semiformal-style verbs and adjectives to add a greater level of politeness. Tags: Eastern, Gyeongsang, Jeolla, Southwestern, dialectal Synonyms: -요 [SK-Standard, Seoul], -이라우 [Jeolla], (-da) (english: after vowels), 이더 (-ideo), (-deo) (english: after consonants)
    Sense id: en--이다-ko-particle-YHVUKzik Categories (other): Gyeongsang Korean, Jeolla Korean
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: [ida̠] [SK-Standard, Seoul] Forms: 이다 [canonical], -ida [romanization]
Etymology: From Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta). Etymology templates: {{inh|ko|okm|-이다|tr=-i-ta}} Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta) Head templates: {{ko-suffix}} 이다 • (-ida)
  1. Attached to certain ideophonic roots to derive verbs without frequentative effect. Tags: morpheme Related terms (with frequentative effect): 거리다 (georida), 대다 (daeda)
    Sense id: en--이다-ko-suffix-0144dQMV
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSON data for -이다 meaning in Korean (16.4kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이〮라〮",
        "tr": "-í-lá"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "是",
        "tr": "*i-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 是 (*i-)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko-jeo",
        "2": "-이라우"
      },
      "expansion": "Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "야",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "이야",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "이니",
      "tags": [
        "sequential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ko-conj/adj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vowel-stem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이다",
      "roman": "-ida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이야",
      "roman": "-iya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에요",
      "roman": "-ieyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-예요",
      "roman": "-yeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-입니다",
      "roman": "-imnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었다",
      "roman": "-ieotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였다",
      "roman": "-yeotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어",
      "roman": "-ieosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어",
      "roman": "-yeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어요",
      "roman": "-ieosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어요",
      "roman": "-yeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었습니다",
      "roman": "-ieotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였습니다",
      "roman": "-yeotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이냐",
      "roman": "-inya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이야",
      "roman": "-iya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에요",
      "roman": "-ieyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-예요",
      "roman": "-yeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-입니까",
      "roman": "-imnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었느냐",
      "roman": "-ieonneunya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였느냐",
      "roman": "-yeonneunya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어",
      "roman": "-ieosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어",
      "roman": "-yeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어요",
      "roman": "-ieosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어요",
      "roman": "-yeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었습니까",
      "roman": "-ieotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였습니까",
      "roman": "-yeotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠다",
      "roman": "-igetda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠어",
      "roman": "-igesseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠어요",
      "roman": "-igesseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠습니다",
      "roman": "-igetseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에",
      "roman": "-ie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이어서",
      "roman": "-ieoseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이니",
      "roman": "-ini",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이니까",
      "roman": "-inikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이지만",
      "roman": "-ijiman",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-인데",
      "roman": "-inde",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이더니",
      "roman": "-ideoni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이고",
      "roman": "-igo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이면",
      "roman": "-imyeon",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이어야",
      "roman": "-ieoya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-임",
      "roman": "-im",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이기",
      "roman": "-igi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었음",
      "roman": "-ieosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였음",
      "roman": "-yeosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었기",
      "roman": "-ieotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였기",
      "roman": "-yeotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-인",
      "roman": "-in",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "informal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-일",
      "roman": "-il",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "future",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ko-conj/adj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vowel-stem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시다",
      "roman": "-isida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이세요",
      "roman": "-iseyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔요",
      "roman": "-isyeoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이십니다",
      "roman": "-isimnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨다",
      "roman": "-isyeotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어",
      "roman": "-isyeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어요",
      "roman": "-isyeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨습니다",
      "roman": "-isyeotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시냐",
      "roman": "-isinya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이세요",
      "roman": "-iseyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔요",
      "roman": "-isyeoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이십니까",
      "roman": "-isimnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨냐",
      "roman": "-isyeonnya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어",
      "roman": "-isyeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어요",
      "roman": "-isyeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨습니까",
      "roman": "-isyeotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠다",
      "roman": "-isigetda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠어",
      "roman": "-isigesseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠어요",
      "roman": "-isigesseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠습니다",
      "roman": "-isigetseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔서",
      "roman": "-isyeoseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시니",
      "roman": "-isini",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시니까",
      "roman": "-isinikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시지만",
      "roman": "-isijiman",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이신데",
      "roman": "-isinde",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시더니",
      "roman": "-isideoni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시고",
      "roman": "-isigo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시면",
      "roman": "-isimyeon",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔야",
      "roman": "-isyeoya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이심",
      "roman": "-isim",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시기",
      "roman": "-isigi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨음",
      "roman": "-isyeosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨기",
      "roman": "-isyeotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이신",
      "roman": "-isin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "informal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이실",
      "roman": "-isil",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "future",
        "informal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "particle",
        "3": "infinitive",
        "4": "-야",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-이야",
        "7": "sequential",
        "8": "-이니"
      },
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida) (infinitive 야 or 이야, sequential 이니)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "아니다"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "64 12 24",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "88 12",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "79 21",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean particles",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "74 12 14",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "74 11 15",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with redundant transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "80 6 13",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual transliterations",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Humans are animals.",
          "roman": "Saram-eun dongmur-ida.",
          "text": "사람은 동물이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "This tree is on the big side.",
          "roman": "I namu-neun keun pyeon-ida.",
          "text": "이 나무는 큰 편이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "War is undesirable business.",
          "roman": "Jeonjaeng-eun baramjikha-ji an-eun ir-ida.",
          "text": "전쟁은 바람직하지 않은 일이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "The Devil was too once an angel.",
          "roman": "Angma-do hanttae cheonsa-yeotda.",
          "text": "악마도 한때 천사였다.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be; the Korean copula."
      ],
      "id": "en--이다-ko-particle-gHXZHAIw",
      "links": [
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ],
        [
          "copula",
          "copula#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이〮라〮",
        "tr": "-í-lá"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "是",
        "tr": "*i-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 是 (*i-)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko-jeo",
        "2": "-이라우"
      },
      "expansion": "Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Gyeongsang Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Jeolla Korean",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particle attached to intimate-, plain-, and semiformal-style verbs and adjectives to add a greater level of politeness."
      ],
      "id": "en--이다-ko-particle-YHVUKzik",
      "links": [
        [
          "intimate-",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hae-che"
        ],
        [
          "plain-",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haera-che"
        ],
        [
          "semiformal-style",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hao-che"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(eastern Jeolla dialect, southwestern Gyeongsang) A particle attached to intimate-, plain-, and semiformal-style verbs and adjectives to add a greater level of politeness."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "SK-Standard",
            "Seoul"
          ],
          "word": "-요"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Jeolla"
          ],
          "word": "-이라우"
        },
        {
          "english": "after vowels",
          "roman": "-da",
          "word": "다"
        },
        {
          "roman": "-ideo",
          "word": "이더"
        },
        {
          "english": "after consonants",
          "roman": "-deo",
          "word": "더"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Eastern",
        "Gyeongsang",
        "Jeolla",
        "Southwestern",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이다",
        "tr": "-i-ta"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida)",
      "name": "ko-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "펄럭 (peolleok, “fluttering”, ideophonic root) + 이다 (-ida) → 펄럭이다 (peolleogida, “to flutter”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "끄덕 (kkeudeok, “nodding”, ideophonic root) + 이다 (-ida) → 끄덕이다 (kkeudeogida, “to nod”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Attached to certain ideophonic roots to derive verbs without frequentative effect."
      ],
      "id": "en--이다-ko-suffix-0144dQMV",
      "links": [
        [
          "ideophonic",
          "ideophone#English"
        ],
        [
          "root",
          "root#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ],
        [
          "frequentative",
          "frequentative#English"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "roman": "georida",
          "sense": "with frequentative effect",
          "word": "거리다"
        },
        {
          "roman": "daeda",
          "sense": "with frequentative effect",
          "word": "대다"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean i-irregular adjectives",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Korean particles",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms derived from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
    "Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이〮라〮",
        "tr": "-í-lá"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "是",
        "tr": "*i-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 是 (*i-)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko-jeo",
        "2": "-이라우"
      },
      "expansion": "Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "야",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "이야",
      "tags": [
        "infinitive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "이니",
      "tags": [
        "sequential"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ko-conj/adj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vowel-stem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이다",
      "roman": "-ida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이야",
      "roman": "-iya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에요",
      "roman": "-ieyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-예요",
      "roman": "-yeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-입니다",
      "roman": "-imnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었다",
      "roman": "-ieotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였다",
      "roman": "-yeotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어",
      "roman": "-ieosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어",
      "roman": "-yeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어요",
      "roman": "-ieosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어요",
      "roman": "-yeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었습니다",
      "roman": "-ieotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였습니다",
      "roman": "-yeotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이냐",
      "roman": "-inya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이야",
      "roman": "-iya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에요",
      "roman": "-ieyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-예요",
      "roman": "-yeyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-입니까",
      "roman": "-imnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었느냐",
      "roman": "-ieonneunya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였느냐",
      "roman": "-yeonneunya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어",
      "roman": "-ieosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어",
      "roman": "-yeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었어요",
      "roman": "-ieosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였어요",
      "roman": "-yeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었습니까",
      "roman": "-ieotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였습니까",
      "roman": "-yeotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠다",
      "roman": "-igetda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠어",
      "roman": "-igesseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠어요",
      "roman": "-igesseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이겠습니다",
      "roman": "-igetseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이에",
      "roman": "-ie",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이어서",
      "roman": "-ieoseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이니",
      "roman": "-ini",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이니까",
      "roman": "-inikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이지만",
      "roman": "-ijiman",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-인데",
      "roman": "-inde",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이더니",
      "roman": "-ideoni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이고",
      "roman": "-igo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이면",
      "roman": "-imyeon",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이어야",
      "roman": "-ieoya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-임",
      "roman": "-im",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이기",
      "roman": "-igi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었음",
      "roman": "-ieosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였음",
      "roman": "-yeosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이었기",
      "roman": "-ieotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-였기",
      "roman": "-yeotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-인",
      "roman": "-in",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "informal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-일",
      "roman": "-il",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "future",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "irregular",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "ko-conj/adj",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "vowel-stem",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "class"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시다",
      "roman": "-isida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이세요",
      "roman": "-iseyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔요",
      "roman": "-isyeoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이십니다",
      "roman": "-isimnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨다",
      "roman": "-isyeotda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어",
      "roman": "-isyeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "informal",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어요",
      "roman": "-isyeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "indicative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨습니다",
      "roman": "-isyeotseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "indicative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시냐",
      "roman": "-isinya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이세요",
      "roman": "-iseyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔요",
      "roman": "-isyeoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "non-past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이십니까",
      "roman": "-isimnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "non-past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨냐",
      "roman": "-isyeonnya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어",
      "roman": "-isyeosseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨어요",
      "roman": "-isyeosseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "interrogative",
        "past",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨습니까",
      "roman": "-isyeotseumnikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "formal",
        "interrogative",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠다",
      "roman": "-isigetda",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠어",
      "roman": "-isigesseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠어요",
      "roman": "-isigesseoyo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시겠습니다",
      "roman": "-isigetseumnida",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "assertive",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔",
      "roman": "-isyeo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔서",
      "roman": "-isyeoseo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시니",
      "roman": "-isini",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시니까",
      "roman": "-isinikka",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "causative",
        "formal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시지만",
      "roman": "-isijiman",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이신데",
      "roman": "-isinde",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시더니",
      "roman": "-isideoni",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "contrastive",
        "polite"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시고",
      "roman": "-isigo",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conjunctive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시면",
      "roman": "-isimyeon",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셔야",
      "roman": "-isyeoya",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "conditional",
        "informal"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이심",
      "roman": "-isim",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이시기",
      "roman": "-isigi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨음",
      "roman": "-isyeosseum",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이셨기",
      "roman": "-isyeotgi",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "informal",
        "noun-from-verb",
        "past"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이신",
      "roman": "-isin",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "informal",
        "present"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-이실",
      "roman": "-isil",
      "source": "conjugation",
      "tags": [
        "determiner",
        "future",
        "informal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "particle",
        "3": "infinitive",
        "4": "-야",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-이야",
        "7": "sequential",
        "8": "-이니"
      },
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida) (infinitive 야 or 이야, sequential 이니)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "아니다"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Korean terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Humans are animals.",
          "roman": "Saram-eun dongmur-ida.",
          "text": "사람은 동물이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "This tree is on the big side.",
          "roman": "I namu-neun keun pyeon-ida.",
          "text": "이 나무는 큰 편이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "War is undesirable business.",
          "roman": "Jeonjaeng-eun baramjikha-ji an-eun ir-ida.",
          "text": "전쟁은 바람직하지 않은 일이다.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "The Devil was too once an angel.",
          "roman": "Angma-do hanttae cheonsa-yeotda.",
          "text": "악마도 한때 천사였다.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "to be; the Korean copula."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "be",
          "be"
        ],
        [
          "copula",
          "copula#English"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean i-irregular adjectives",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Korean particles",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms derived from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Old Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
    "Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이〮라〮",
        "tr": "-í-lá"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "oko",
        "3": "是",
        "tr": "*i-"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Korean 是 (*i-)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko-jeo",
        "2": "-이라우"
      },
      "expansion": "Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이〮라〮 (-í-lá), from Old Korean 是 (*i-). For the dialectal politeness particle use, compare 요 (-yo), Jeolla Korean 이라우 (-irau), both of which come from the copula.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "particle"
      },
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida)",
      "name": "ko-pos"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "particle",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Gyeongsang Korean",
        "Jeolla Korean"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A particle attached to intimate-, plain-, and semiformal-style verbs and adjectives to add a greater level of politeness."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "intimate-",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hae-che"
        ],
        [
          "plain-",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Haera-che"
        ],
        [
          "semiformal-style",
          "w:Korean speech levels#Hao-che"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(eastern Jeolla dialect, southwestern Gyeongsang) A particle attached to intimate-, plain-, and semiformal-style verbs and adjectives to add a greater level of politeness."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "SK-Standard",
            "Seoul"
          ],
          "word": "-요"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "Jeolla"
          ],
          "word": "-이라우"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Eastern",
        "Gyeongsang",
        "Jeolla",
        "Southwestern",
        "dialectal"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "after vowels",
      "roman": "-da",
      "word": "다"
    },
    {
      "roman": "-ideo",
      "word": "이더"
    },
    {
      "english": "after consonants",
      "roman": "-deo",
      "word": "더"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Korean entries with incorrect language header",
    "Korean lemmas",
    "Korean suffixes",
    "Korean terms derived from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms inherited from Middle Korean",
    "Korean terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Korean terms with redundant script codes",
    "Korean terms with redundant transliterations",
    "Middle Korean terms with non-redundant manual transliterations"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ko",
        "2": "okm",
        "3": "-이다",
        "tr": "-i-ta"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta)",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Middle Korean 이다 (-i-ta).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "이다",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ida",
      "tags": [
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "이다 • (-ida)",
      "name": "ko-suffix"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Korean",
  "lang_code": "ko",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "roman": "georida",
      "sense": "with frequentative effect",
      "word": "거리다"
    },
    {
      "roman": "daeda",
      "sense": "with frequentative effect",
      "word": "대다"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "펄럭 (peolleok, “fluttering”, ideophonic root) + 이다 (-ida) → 펄럭이다 (peolleogida, “to flutter”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "끄덕 (kkeudeok, “nodding”, ideophonic root) + 이다 (-ida) → 끄덕이다 (kkeudeogida, “to nod”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Attached to certain ideophonic roots to derive verbs without frequentative effect."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "ideophonic",
          "ideophone#English"
        ],
        [
          "root",
          "root#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ],
        [
          "frequentative",
          "frequentative#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[ida̠]",
      "tags": [
        "SK-Standard",
        "Seoul"
      ]
    },
    {
      "other": "[이다]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-이다"
}
{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
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  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

{
  "called_from": "parser/1336",
  "msg": "no corresponding start tag found for </span>",
  "path": [
    "-이다"
  ],
  "section": "Korean",
  "subsection": "particle",
  "title": "-이다",
  "trace": ""
}

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This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Korean dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-23 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-06-20 using wiktextract (1b9bfc5 and 0136956). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.