"imperative" meaning in English

See imperative in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Adjective

IPA: /ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/ [US] Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav , LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav Forms: more imperative [comparative], most imperative [superlative]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*per-}}, {{bor|en|la|imperātīvus}} Latin imperātīvus Head templates: {{en-adj}} imperative (comparative more imperative, superlative most imperative)
  1. Essential; crucial; extremely important. Translations (essential): أَسَاسِيّ (ʔasāsiyy) (Arabic), ضَرُورِيّ (ḍarūriyy) (Arabic), জরুরি (joruri) (Bengali), অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ (ottonto guruttopurno) (Bengali), imperatiu (Catalan), 迫切的 (pòqiè de) (Chinese Mandarin), 必須的 (Chinese Mandarin), 必须的 (bìxū de) (Chinese Mandarin), 至關重要的 (Chinese Mandarin), 至关重要的 (zhìguānzhòngyào de) (Chinese Mandarin), rozkazovací [neuter] (Czech), nutný (Czech), noodzakelijk (Dutch), välttämätön (Finnish), pakollinen (Finnish), impératif (French), essentiel (French), indispensable (French), essenziell (German), essentiell (German), notwendig (German), unverzichtbar (German), wesentlich (German), επιτακτικός (epitaktikós) (Greek), okvetlenül/rendkívül/különösen/égetően fontos (Hungarian), mikilvægur (Icelandic), imperativo [masculine] (Italian), necessario [masculine] (Italian), necessaria [feminine] (Italian), 긴요한 (ginyohan) (Korean), 반드 필요한 (bandeu piryohan) (Korean), necessus (Latin), necessum (Latin), drinjent (Plautdietsch), arcyważny (Polish), essencial (Portuguese), imperativo (Portuguese), обяза́тельный (objazátelʹnyj) (Russian), àithneach (Scottish Gaelic), imperativo (Spanish), mecburi (Turkish), zorunlu (Turkish)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-adj-1E6JS4oM Disambiguation of 'essential': 92 2 5 2
  2. (grammar) Of, or relating to the imperative mood. Categories (topical): Grammar Translations (grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood): əmr şəkli (Azerbaijani), зага́дны (zahádny) (Belarusian), повели́телен (povelítelen) (Bulgarian), imperatiu (Catalan), 祈使的 (qíshǐ de) (Chinese Mandarin), rozkazovací (Czech), imperatiivinen (Finnish), impératif (French), felszólító (Hungarian), parancsoló [dated] (Hungarian), imperativo (Italian), заповеден (zapoveden) (Macedonian), rozkazujący (Polish), imperativo (Portuguese), повели́тельный (povelítelʹnyj) (Russian), rozkazovací (Slovak), imperativo (Spanish), imperativ (Swedish), pautos (Tagalog), наказо́вий (nakazóvyj) (Ukrainian)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-adj-xJ4fRmrQ Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood': 3 79 12 5
  3. (computing theory) Having semantics that incorporates mutable variables. Categories (topical): Theory of computing, Directives Translations (computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables): imperatiivinen (Finnish), императи́вный (imperatívnyj) (Russian)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-adj-GkSFdeyj Disambiguation of Directives: 5 10 11 27 31 14 3 Topics: computing, computing-theory, engineering, mathematics, natural-sciences, physical-sciences, sciences Disambiguation of 'computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables': 4 5 86 5
  4. Expressing a command; authoritatively or absolutely directive. Categories (topical): Directives Translations (authoritatively or absolutely directive): заповеднически (zapovedničeski) (Bulgarian), безапелационен (bezapelacionen) (Bulgarian), 命令式的 (mìnglìngshì de) (Chinese Mandarin), pakottava (Finnish), zwingend (German), ellentmondást nem tűrő (Hungarian), tiarnúil (Irish)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-adj-WAa5lF6x Disambiguation of Directives: 5 10 11 27 31 14 3 Disambiguation of 'authoritatively or absolutely directive': 4 5 10 82
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: imp., imper. [abbreviation] [grammar, linguistics, human-sciences, sciences] Derived forms: imperative language, imperative programming

Noun

IPA: /ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/ [US] Audio: LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav , LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav Forms: imperatives [plural]
Etymology: Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus. Etymology templates: {{root|en|ine-pro|*per-}}, {{bor|en|la|imperātīvus}} Latin imperātīvus Head templates: {{en-noun|~}} imperative (countable and uncountable, plural imperatives)
  1. (uncountable, grammar) The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same as that of the bare infinitive. Tags: uncountable Categories (topical): Grammar, Directives Synonyms: imperative mood
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-noun-JwWkG16H Disambiguation of Directives: 5 10 11 27 31 14 3 Categories (other): English entries with incorrect language header, English entries with topic categories using raw markup, Terms with Arabic translations, Terms with Azerbaijani translations, Terms with Belarusian translations, Terms with Bengali translations, Terms with Bulgarian translations, Terms with Catalan translations, Terms with Czech translations, Terms with Dutch translations, Terms with Finnish translations, Terms with French translations, Terms with German translations, Terms with Greek translations, Terms with Hungarian translations, Terms with Icelandic translations, Terms with Ingrian translations, Terms with Irish translations, Terms with Italian translations, Terms with Korean translations, Terms with Latin translations, Terms with Macedonian translations, Terms with Mandarin translations, Terms with Maori translations, Terms with Plautdietsch translations, Terms with Polish translations, Terms with Portuguese translations, Terms with Russian translations, Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations, Terms with Slovak translations, Terms with Spanish translations, Terms with Swedish translations, Terms with Tagalog translations, Terms with Turkish translations, Terms with Ukrainian translations Disambiguation of English entries with incorrect language header: 4 6 21 12 47 8 2 Disambiguation of English entries with topic categories using raw markup: 4 5 14 8 59 6 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Arabic translations: 5 11 14 14 41 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Azerbaijani translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Belarusian translations: 6 9 16 13 42 9 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Bengali translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Bulgarian translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Catalan translations: 5 11 13 16 39 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Czech translations: 7 13 12 13 34 16 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Dutch translations: 3 6 16 12 49 8 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Finnish translations: 5 11 13 16 38 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with French translations: 2 5 15 11 54 7 5 Disambiguation of Terms with German translations: 6 7 15 13 48 6 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Greek translations: 9 7 25 12 32 10 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Hungarian translations: 9 9 21 14 31 11 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Icelandic translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Ingrian translations: 4 5 16 13 50 8 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Irish translations: 5 10 13 13 43 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Italian translations: 3 5 15 17 49 7 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Korean translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Latin translations: 3 5 16 13 51 7 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Macedonian translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Mandarin translations: 11 10 15 12 34 12 6 Disambiguation of Terms with Maori translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Plautdietsch translations: 1 4 8 9 70 6 2 Disambiguation of Terms with Polish translations: 5 11 14 15 38 12 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Portuguese translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Russian translations: 3 5 16 13 51 7 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 5 Disambiguation of Terms with Slovak translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Spanish translations: 2 4 13 12 59 6 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Swedish translations: 4 11 13 13 44 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Tagalog translations: 5 11 13 13 41 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Turkish translations: 4 11 14 14 40 12 4 Disambiguation of Terms with Ukrainian translations: 5 11 14 14 39 13 4 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences
  2. (countable, grammar) A verb in imperative mood. Tags: countable Categories (topical): Grammar, Directives Translations (verb in imperative): imperatiivi (Finnish), käskyforma (Ingrian), rozkaźnik [masculine] (Polish), imperatiwus [masculine] (Polish), imperativus [masculine] (Polish), imperativo [masculine] (Spanish)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-noun-sLBxTjRe Disambiguation of Directives: 5 10 11 27 31 14 3 Topics: grammar, human-sciences, linguistics, sciences Disambiguation of 'verb in imperative': 13 87 0
  3. (countable) An essential action, a must: something which is imperative. Tags: countable Translations (essential action): must [masculine] (Dutch), pakko (Finnish), pakollinen juttu (Finnish), impératif [masculine] (French), Muss [neuter] (German), elengedhetetlen dolog/követelmény (Hungarian), nauðsyn [feminine] (Icelandic), imperativo [masculine] (Italian), necessario [masculine] (Italian), necessitās [feminine] (Latin), opus [neuter] (Latin), tūhau (Maori), necessidade [feminine] (Portuguese), imperativo [masculine] (Spanish), mecburiyet (Turkish), zorunluluk (Turkish)
    Sense id: en-imperative-en-noun-ihEWBrVY Disambiguation of 'essential action': 5 3 92
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: imp., imper. [abbreviation] [grammar, linguistics, human-sciences, sciences], required Derived forms: biological imperative, categorical imperative, compound imperative, first imperative [Latin] [grammar, linguistics, human-sciences, sciences], hypothetical imperative, moral imperative, second imperative [Latin] [grammar, linguistics, human-sciences, sciences] Related terms: jussive, volitive

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSONL data for imperative meaning in English (25.9kB)

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperative language"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imperative programming"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more imperative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most imperative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperative (comparative more imperative, superlative most imperative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "That you come here right now is imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1941 May, “Jubilee of the City Tube”, in Railway Magazine, page 224",
          "text": "Meantime, alterations at King William Street had become imperative, and by December 22, 1895, the station had been remodelled, as at Stockwell, to provide an island platform with lines each side, and a scissors crossing.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2019, Con Man Games, SmashGames, quoting Felix, Kindergarten 2, SmashGames",
          "text": "Give this document to Ozzy. It's imperative that he reads and understands it. Got it?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Essential; crucial; extremely important."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-adj-1E6JS4oM",
      "links": [
        [
          "Essential",
          "essential"
        ],
        [
          "crucial",
          "crucial"
        ],
        [
          "important",
          "important"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ʔasāsiyy",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "أَسَاسِيّ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ar",
          "lang": "Arabic",
          "roman": "ḍarūriyy",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "ضَرُورِيّ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "joruri",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "জরুরি"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "bn",
          "lang": "Bengali",
          "roman": "ottonto guruttopurno",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "imperatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "pòqiè de",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "迫切的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "必須的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "bìxū de",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "必须的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "至關重要的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "zhìguānzhòngyào de",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "至关重要的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "essential",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "rozkazovací"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "nutný"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "noodzakelijk"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "välttämätön"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "pakollinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "impératif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "essentiel"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "indispensable"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "essenziell"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "essentiell"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "notwendig"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "unverzichtbar"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "wesentlich"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "el",
          "lang": "Greek",
          "roman": "epitaktikós",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "επιτακτικός"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "okvetlenül/rendkívül/különösen/égetően fontos"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "mikilvægur"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "essential",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "essential",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "necessario"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "essential",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "necessaria"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "ginyohan",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "긴요한"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ko",
          "lang": "Korean",
          "roman": "bandeu piryohan",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "반드 필요한"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "necessus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "necessum"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "pdt",
          "lang": "Plautdietsch",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "drinjent"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "arcyważny"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "essencial"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "objazátelʹnyj",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "обяза́тельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "gd",
          "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "àithneach"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "mecburi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "92 2 5 2",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "essential",
          "word": "zorunlu"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of, or relating to the imperative mood."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-adj-xJ4fRmrQ",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "imperative mood",
          "imperative mood"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Of, or relating to the imperative mood."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "az",
          "lang": "Azerbaijani",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "əmr şəkli"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "be",
          "lang": "Belarusian",
          "roman": "zahádny",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "зага́дны"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "povelítelen",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "повели́телен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "ca",
          "lang": "Catalan",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperatiu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "qíshǐ de",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "祈使的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "cs",
          "lang": "Czech",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "rozkazovací"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperatiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "impératif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "felszólító"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "tags": [
            "dated"
          ],
          "word": "parancsoló"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "mk",
          "lang": "Macedonian",
          "roman": "zapoveden",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "заповеден"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "rozkazujący"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "povelítelʹnyj",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "повели́тельный"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "sk",
          "lang": "Slovak",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "rozkazovací"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "sv",
          "lang": "Swedish",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "imperativ"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "tl",
          "lang": "Tagalog",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "pautos"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "3 79 12 5",
          "code": "uk",
          "lang": "Ukrainian",
          "roman": "nakazóvyj",
          "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
          "word": "наказо́вий"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "functional"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Theory of computing",
          "orig": "en:Theory of computing",
          "parents": [
            "Computer science",
            "Computing",
            "Sciences",
            "Technology",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 10 11 27 31 14 3",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Directives",
          "orig": "en:Directives",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Having semantics that incorporates mutable variables."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-adj-GkSFdeyj",
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "semantics",
          "semantics"
        ],
        [
          "mutable",
          "mutable"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) Having semantics that incorporates mutable variables."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 86 5",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables",
          "word": "imperatiivinen"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 86 5",
          "code": "ru",
          "lang": "Russian",
          "roman": "imperatívnyj",
          "sense": "computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables",
          "word": "императи́вный"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "5 10 11 27 31 14 3",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Directives",
          "orig": "en:Directives",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "imperative orders",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Expressing a command; authoritatively or absolutely directive."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-adj-WAa5lF6x",
      "links": [
        [
          "command",
          "command"
        ],
        [
          "directive",
          "directive"
        ]
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "zapovedničeski",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "заповеднически"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "bg",
          "lang": "Bulgarian",
          "roman": "bezapelacionen",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "безапелационен"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "cmn",
          "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
          "roman": "mìnglìngshì de",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "命令式的"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "pakottava"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "zwingend"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "ellentmondást nem tűrő"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "4 5 10 82",
          "code": "ga",
          "lang": "Irish",
          "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
          "word": "tiarnúil"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a9/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a9/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav.ogg"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/cc/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav.mp3",
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    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imp."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "imper."
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperative"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "biological imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "categorical imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "compound imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "first imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "hypothetical imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "moral imperative"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "second imperative"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "imperative (countable and uncountable, plural imperatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "jussive"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "volitive"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 6 21 12 47 8 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 5 14 8 59 6 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 41 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Arabic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 9 16 13 42 9 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Belarusian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bengali translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 13 16 39 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Catalan translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "7 13 12 13 34 16 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Czech translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 6 16 12 49 8 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Dutch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 13 16 38 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Finnish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 5 15 11 54 7 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with French translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "6 7 15 13 48 6 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with German translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 7 25 12 32 10 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Greek translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "9 9 21 14 31 11 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Hungarian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Icelandic translations",
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          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 5 16 13 50 8 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ingrian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 10 13 13 43 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Irish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 5 15 17 49 7 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Italian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
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          "kind": "other",
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        {
          "_dis": "3 5 16 13 51 7 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Latin translations",
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        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
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          "name": "Terms with Macedonian translations",
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        {
          "_dis": "11 10 15 12 34 12 6",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Mandarin translations",
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        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Maori translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "1 4 8 9 70 6 2",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 15 38 12 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Polish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Portuguese translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "3 5 16 13 51 7 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Russian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 5",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Slovak translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "2 4 13 12 59 6 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Spanish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 11 13 13 44 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Swedish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 13 13 41 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Tagalog translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "4 11 14 14 40 12 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Turkish translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 11 14 14 39 13 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 10 11 27 31 14 3",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Directives",
          "orig": "en:Directives",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The verbs in sentences like \"Do it!\" and \"Say what you like!\" are in the imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same as that of the bare infinitive."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-noun-JwWkG16H",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "grammatical mood",
          "grammatical mood"
        ],
        [
          "jussive",
          "jussive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, grammar) The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same as that of the bare infinitive."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "imperative mood"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Grammar",
          "orig": "en:Grammar",
          "parents": [
            "Linguistics",
            "Language",
            "Social sciences",
            "Communication",
            "Sciences",
            "Society",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "5 10 11 27 31 14 3",
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "en",
          "name": "Directives",
          "orig": "en:Directives",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A verb in imperative mood."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-noun-sLBxTjRe",
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, grammar) A verb in imperative mood."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "word": "imperatiivi"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "izh",
          "lang": "Ingrian",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "word": "käskyforma"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "rozkaźnik"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperatiwus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "pl",
          "lang": "Polish",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperativus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "13 87 0",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "verb in imperative",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperativo"
        }
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Visiting Berlin is an imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014 March 1, Rupert Christiansen, “English translations rarely sing”, in The Daily Telegraph (Review), page R19",
          "text": "Anything grandiose or historically based tends to sound flat and banal when it reaches English, partly because translators get stuck between contradictory imperatives: juggling fidelity to the original sense with what is vocally viable, they tend to resort to a genteel fustian which lacks either poetic resonance or demotic realism, adding to a sense of artificiality rather than enhancing credibility.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2020 December 2, Industry Insider, “The costs of cutting carbon”, in Rail, page 76",
          "text": "The new imperative for investment is the Government's objective to secure carbon-neutral transport emissions by 2040.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An essential action, a must: something which is imperative."
      ],
      "id": "en-imperative-en-noun-ihEWBrVY",
      "links": [
        [
          "must",
          "must"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) An essential action, a must: something which is imperative."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "translations": [
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "nl",
          "lang": "Dutch",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "must"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "pakko"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "fi",
          "lang": "Finnish",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "pakollinen juttu"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "fr",
          "lang": "French",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "impératif"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "de",
          "lang": "German",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "Muss"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "hu",
          "lang": "Hungarian",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "elengedhetetlen dolog/követelmény"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "is",
          "lang": "Icelandic",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "nauðsyn"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "it",
          "lang": "Italian",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "necessario"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "necessitās"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "la",
          "lang": "Latin",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "neuter"
          ],
          "word": "opus"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "mi",
          "lang": "Maori",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "tūhau"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "pt",
          "lang": "Portuguese",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "feminine"
          ],
          "word": "necessidade"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "es",
          "lang": "Spanish",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "tags": [
            "masculine"
          ],
          "word": "imperativo"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "mecburiyet"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "5 3 92",
          "code": "tr",
          "lang": "Turkish",
          "sense": "essential action",
          "word": "zorunluluk"
        }
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav",
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    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav",
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    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "word": "imp."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0 0 0 0 0",
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "imper."
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "0 0 0",
      "word": "required"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperative"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *per-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bengali translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Ingrian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tagalog translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "en:Directives"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "imperative language"
    },
    {
      "word": "imperative programming"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "more imperative",
      "tags": [
        "comparative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "most imperative",
      "tags": [
        "superlative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "imperative (comparative more imperative, superlative most imperative)",
      "name": "en-adj"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "adj",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "That you come here right now is imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "1941 May, “Jubilee of the City Tube”, in Railway Magazine, page 224",
          "text": "Meantime, alterations at King William Street had become imperative, and by December 22, 1895, the station had been remodelled, as at Stockwell, to provide an island platform with lines each side, and a scissors crossing.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2019, Con Man Games, SmashGames, quoting Felix, Kindergarten 2, SmashGames",
          "text": "Give this document to Ozzy. It's imperative that he reads and understands it. Got it?",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Essential; crucial; extremely important."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Essential",
          "essential"
        ],
        [
          "crucial",
          "crucial"
        ],
        [
          "important",
          "important"
        ]
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Of, or relating to the imperative mood."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "imperative mood",
          "imperative mood"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(grammar) Of, or relating to the imperative mood."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "antonyms": [
        {
          "word": "functional"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "en:Theory of computing"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Having semantics that incorporates mutable variables."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "computing",
          "computing#Noun"
        ],
        [
          "theory",
          "theory"
        ],
        [
          "semantics",
          "semantics"
        ],
        [
          "mutable",
          "mutable"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(computing theory) Having semantics that incorporates mutable variables."
      ],
      "topics": [
        "computing",
        "computing-theory",
        "engineering",
        "mathematics",
        "natural-sciences",
        "physical-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "imperative orders",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Expressing a command; authoritatively or absolutely directive."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "command",
          "command"
        ],
        [
          "directive",
          "directive"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a9/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav.mp3",
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    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav",
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    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "imp."
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "imper."
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ʔasāsiyy",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "أَسَاسِيّ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ar",
      "lang": "Arabic",
      "roman": "ḍarūriyy",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "ضَرُورِيّ"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "joruri",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "জরুরি"
    },
    {
      "code": "bn",
      "lang": "Bengali",
      "roman": "ottonto guruttopurno",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "অত্যন্ত গুরুত্বপূর্ণ"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "imperatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "pòqiè de",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "迫切的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "必須的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "bìxū de",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "必须的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "至關重要的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "zhìguānzhòngyào de",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "至关重要的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "essential",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "rozkazovací"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "nutný"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "noodzakelijk"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "välttämätön"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "pakollinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "impératif"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "essentiel"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "indispensable"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "essenziell"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "essentiell"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "notwendig"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "unverzichtbar"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "wesentlich"
    },
    {
      "code": "el",
      "lang": "Greek",
      "roman": "epitaktikós",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "επιτακτικός"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "okvetlenül/rendkívül/különösen/égetően fontos"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "mikilvægur"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "essential",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "essential",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "necessario"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "essential",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "necessaria"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "ginyohan",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "긴요한"
    },
    {
      "code": "ko",
      "lang": "Korean",
      "roman": "bandeu piryohan",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "반드 필요한"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "necessus"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "necessum"
    },
    {
      "code": "pdt",
      "lang": "Plautdietsch",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "drinjent"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "arcyważny"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "essencial"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "objazátelʹnyj",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "обяза́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "gd",
      "lang": "Scottish Gaelic",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "àithneach"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "mecburi"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "essential",
      "word": "zorunlu"
    },
    {
      "code": "az",
      "lang": "Azerbaijani",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "əmr şəkli"
    },
    {
      "code": "be",
      "lang": "Belarusian",
      "roman": "zahádny",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "зага́дны"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "povelítelen",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "повели́телен"
    },
    {
      "code": "ca",
      "lang": "Catalan",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperatiu"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "qíshǐ de",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "祈使的"
    },
    {
      "code": "cs",
      "lang": "Czech",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "rozkazovací"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "impératif"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "felszólító"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "tags": [
        "dated"
      ],
      "word": "parancsoló"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "mk",
      "lang": "Macedonian",
      "roman": "zapoveden",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "заповеден"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "rozkazujący"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "povelítelʹnyj",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "повели́тельный"
    },
    {
      "code": "sk",
      "lang": "Slovak",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "rozkazovací"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "sv",
      "lang": "Swedish",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "imperativ"
    },
    {
      "code": "tl",
      "lang": "Tagalog",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "pautos"
    },
    {
      "code": "uk",
      "lang": "Ukrainian",
      "roman": "nakazóvyj",
      "sense": "grammar: of, or relating to the imperative mood",
      "word": "наказо́вий"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables",
      "word": "imperatiivinen"
    },
    {
      "code": "ru",
      "lang": "Russian",
      "roman": "imperatívnyj",
      "sense": "computing: having semantics that incorporates mutable variables",
      "word": "императи́вный"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "zapovedničeski",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "заповеднически"
    },
    {
      "code": "bg",
      "lang": "Bulgarian",
      "roman": "bezapelacionen",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "безапелационен"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese Mandarin",
      "roman": "mìnglìngshì de",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "命令式的"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "pakottava"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "zwingend"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "ellentmondást nem tűrő"
    },
    {
      "code": "ga",
      "lang": "Irish",
      "sense": "authoritatively or absolutely directive",
      "word": "tiarnúil"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperative"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "English 4-syllable words",
    "English adjectives",
    "English countable nouns",
    "English entries with incorrect language header",
    "English entries with topic categories using raw markup",
    "English lemmas",
    "English nouns",
    "English terms borrowed from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Latin",
    "English terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "English terms derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *per-",
    "English terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "English terms with audio links",
    "English uncountable nouns",
    "Terms with Arabic translations",
    "Terms with Azerbaijani translations",
    "Terms with Belarusian translations",
    "Terms with Bengali translations",
    "Terms with Bulgarian translations",
    "Terms with Catalan translations",
    "Terms with Czech translations",
    "Terms with Dutch translations",
    "Terms with Finnish translations",
    "Terms with French translations",
    "Terms with German translations",
    "Terms with Greek translations",
    "Terms with Hungarian translations",
    "Terms with Icelandic translations",
    "Terms with Ingrian translations",
    "Terms with Irish translations",
    "Terms with Italian translations",
    "Terms with Korean translations",
    "Terms with Latin translations",
    "Terms with Macedonian translations",
    "Terms with Mandarin translations",
    "Terms with Maori translations",
    "Terms with Plautdietsch translations",
    "Terms with Polish translations",
    "Terms with Portuguese translations",
    "Terms with Russian translations",
    "Terms with Scottish Gaelic translations",
    "Terms with Slovak translations",
    "Terms with Spanish translations",
    "Terms with Swedish translations",
    "Terms with Tagalog translations",
    "Terms with Turkish translations",
    "Terms with Ukrainian translations",
    "en:Directives"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "biological imperative"
    },
    {
      "word": "categorical imperative"
    },
    {
      "word": "compound imperative"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "first imperative"
    },
    {
      "word": "hypothetical imperative"
    },
    {
      "word": "moral imperative"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "Latin"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "second imperative"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*per-"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "root"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "imperātīvus"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin imperātīvus",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowed from Latin imperātīvus.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "imperatives",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "~"
      },
      "expansion": "imperative (countable and uncountable, plural imperatives)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "jussive"
    },
    {
      "word": "volitive"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "English terms with usage examples",
        "English uncountable nouns",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "The verbs in sentences like \"Do it!\" and \"Say what you like!\" are in the imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same as that of the bare infinitive."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "grammatical mood",
          "grammatical mood"
        ],
        [
          "jussive",
          "jussive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(uncountable, grammar) The grammatical mood expressing an order (see jussive). In English, the imperative form of a verb is the same as that of the bare infinitive."
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "imperative mood"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "uncountable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "en:Grammar"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A verb in imperative mood."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "grammar",
          "grammar"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable, grammar) A verb in imperative mood."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "human-sciences",
        "linguistics",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "English countable nouns",
        "English terms with quotations",
        "English terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Visiting Berlin is an imperative.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2014 March 1, Rupert Christiansen, “English translations rarely sing”, in The Daily Telegraph (Review), page R19",
          "text": "Anything grandiose or historically based tends to sound flat and banal when it reaches English, partly because translators get stuck between contradictory imperatives: juggling fidelity to the original sense with what is vocally viable, they tend to resort to a genteel fustian which lacks either poetic resonance or demotic realism, adding to a sense of artificiality rather than enhancing credibility.",
          "type": "quotation"
        },
        {
          "ref": "2020 December 2, Industry Insider, “The costs of cutting carbon”, in Rail, page 76",
          "text": "The new imperative for investment is the Government's objective to secure carbon-neutral transport emissions by 2040.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "An essential action, a must: something which is imperative."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "must",
          "must"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(countable) An essential action, a must: something which is imperative."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "countable"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ɪmˈpɛɹ.ə.tɪv/",
      "tags": [
        "US"
      ]
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Vealhurl-imperative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a9/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/a/a9/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Vealhurl-imperative.wav.ogg"
    },
    {
      "audio": "LL-Q1860 (eng)-Wodencafe-imperative.wav",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/cc/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/c/cc/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav/LL-Q1860_%28eng%29-Wodencafe-imperative.wav.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "required"
    },
    {
      "word": "imp."
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "abbreviation"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "grammar",
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "imper."
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "word": "imperatiivi"
    },
    {
      "code": "izh",
      "lang": "Ingrian",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "word": "käskyforma"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "rozkaźnik"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperatiwus"
    },
    {
      "code": "pl",
      "lang": "Polish",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperativus"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "verb in imperative",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "nl",
      "lang": "Dutch",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "must"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "pakko"
    },
    {
      "code": "fi",
      "lang": "Finnish",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "pakollinen juttu"
    },
    {
      "code": "fr",
      "lang": "French",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "impératif"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "Muss"
    },
    {
      "code": "hu",
      "lang": "Hungarian",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "elengedhetetlen dolog/követelmény"
    },
    {
      "code": "is",
      "lang": "Icelandic",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "nauðsyn"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "it",
      "lang": "Italian",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "necessario"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "necessitās"
    },
    {
      "code": "la",
      "lang": "Latin",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ],
      "word": "opus"
    },
    {
      "code": "mi",
      "lang": "Maori",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "tūhau"
    },
    {
      "code": "pt",
      "lang": "Portuguese",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ],
      "word": "necessidade"
    },
    {
      "code": "es",
      "lang": "Spanish",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "imperativo"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "mecburiyet"
    },
    {
      "code": "tr",
      "lang": "Turkish",
      "sense": "essential action",
      "word": "zorunluluk"
    }
  ],
  "word": "imperative"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable English dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-13 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-01 using wiktextract (f8674bc and 7cfad79). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.