"dorsum" meaning in All languages combined

Noun [English]

Forms: dorsa [plural] IPA: /ˈdɔː.səm/ [Received-Pronunciation], /ˈdɔɹ.səm/ [General-American]
  1. The back or dorsal region on the surface of an animal.
    The back of the tongue, used for articulating dorsal consonants.
    Categories (topical): Anatomy
    Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences Synonyms: back
  2. The back or dorsal region on the surface of an animal.
    The top of the foot or the back of the hand.
    Categories (topical): Anatomy
    Topics: anatomy, medicine, sciences Synonyms: back
  3. A ridge on a hill, or on the surface of a planet or moon. Categories (topical): Geology
  4. Theta Capricorni, a star on the back of the Goat. Categories (topical): Astronomy
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Translations (back of an animal): 背部 (bèibù) [Mandarin] (Chinese), Dorsum (note: in anatomy) [masculine] (German), Rücken [masculine] (German) Disambiguation of 'back of an animal': 46 46 1 7

Noun [Latin]

Forms: dorsī [genitive] IPA: /ˈdor.sum/ [Classical], [ˈd̪ɔɾs̠ʊ̃ˑ] [Classical], /ˈdor.sum/ [Ecclesiastical], [ˈd̪ɔrsum] [Ecclesiastical]
  1. the back (part of the body between the neck and buttocks) Tags: neuter, second-declension Categories (topical): Anatomy
  2. the ridge, summit of a hill Tags: neuter, second-declension

Inflected forms

Download JSON data for dorsum meaning in All languages combined (4.7kB)

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dorsum",
        "4": "",
        "5": "the back"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dorsum (“the back”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowing from Latin dorsum (“the back”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dorsa",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorsa"
      },
      "expansion": "dorsum (plural dorsa)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Anatomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The back or dorsal region on the surface of an animal.",
        "The back of the tongue, used for articulating dorsal consonants."
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-CV2qPnFM",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "back"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Anatomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "The back or dorsal region on the surface of an animal.",
        "The top of the foot or the back of the hand."
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-HDwA1CE1",
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "back"
        }
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Geology",
          "parents": [
            "Earth sciences",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "A ridge on a hill, or on the surface of a planet or moon."
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-CYLD12qF",
      "topics": [
        "geography",
        "geology",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Astronomy",
          "parents": [
            "Sciences",
            "Space",
            "All topics",
            "Nature",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Theta Capricorni, a star on the back of the Goat."
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-giNNp7MZ",
      "topics": [
        "astronomy",
        "natural-sciences"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔː.səm/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔɹ.səm/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "_dis1": "46 46 1 7",
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "bèibù",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "背部"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "46 46 1 7",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "note": "in anatomy",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Dorsum"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "46 46 1 7",
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Rücken"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dorsum"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "venter"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dorsom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dorsom",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "deorsum",
        "3": "",
        "4": "downwards"
      },
      "expansion": "deorsum (“downwards”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "*dēvorsum"
      },
      "expansion": "*dēvorsum",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*drosman",
        "3": "*dros-man"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *dros-man",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "druimm",
        "3": "",
        "4": "back, ridge"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish druimm (“back, ridge”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Italic *dorsom, with no certain cognates in any other Indo-European languages. Has been linked to deorsum (“downwards”) *dēvorsum, but their contemporaneous use suggests that one was not a phonetic development of the other. A potential connection with a Proto-Celtic *dros-man, giving Old Irish druimm (“back, ridge”), is unclear.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dorsī",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorsum"
      },
      "expansion": "dorsum n (genitive dorsī); second declension",
      "name": "la-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorsum",
      "template_name": "la-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "name": "Anatomy",
          "parents": [
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "Sciences",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the back (part of the body between the neck and buttocks)"
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-sEzUAOqY",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "second-declension"
      ],
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [],
      "english": "transferred sense",
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "This [new city] was named Alba Longa, from its position, as it lay stretched out along the ridge",
          "ref": "Titus Livius, Ab Urbe Condita I, 3",
          "text": "Quae ab situ porrectae in dorso urbis Longa Alba appellata"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "the ridge, summit of a hill"
      ],
      "id": "dorsum-noun-uoC190KD",
      "tags": [
        "neuter",
        "second-declension"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdor.sum/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈd̪ɔɾs̠ʊ̃ˑ]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdor.sum/",
      "tags": [
        "Ecclesiastical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈd̪ɔrsum]",
      "tags": [
        "Ecclesiastical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "dorsum"
}
{
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "place",
      "name": "Landforms",
      "parents": [
        "Earth",
        "List of sets",
        "Nature",
        "All sets",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "en",
        "2": "la",
        "3": "dorsum",
        "4": "",
        "5": "the back"
      },
      "expansion": "Latin dorsum (“the back”)",
      "name": "bor"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Borrowing from Latin dorsum (“the back”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dorsa",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorsa"
      },
      "expansion": "dorsum (plural dorsa)",
      "name": "en-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "English",
  "lang_code": "en",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "dorsal"
    },
    {
      "word": "dorsumal"
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔː.səm/",
      "tags": [
        "Received-Pronunciation"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdɔɹ.səm/",
      "tags": [
        "General-American"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "translations": [
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "bèibù",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "背部"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "note": "in anatomy",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Dorsum"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "back of an animal",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Rücken"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "shébèi",
      "sense": "back of the tongue",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "舌背"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "back of the tongue",
      "topics": [
        "anatomy",
        "medicine",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "Dorsum linguae"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "back of the tongue",
      "topics": [
        "linguistics",
        "human-sciences",
        "sciences"
      ],
      "word": "Dorsum"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "back of the tongue",
      "word": "Zungenrücken"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "sense": "top of the foot or back of the hand",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "腳背"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "jiǎobèi",
      "sense": "top of the foot or back of the hand",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "脚背"
    },
    {
      "code": "cmn",
      "lang": "Chinese",
      "roman": "shǒubèi",
      "sense": "top of the foot or back of the hand",
      "tags": [
        "Mandarin"
      ],
      "word": "手背"
    },
    {
      "code": "de",
      "lang": "German",
      "sense": "ridge on a hill",
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "Dorsum"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dorsum"
}

{
  "antonyms": [
    {
      "word": "venter"
    }
  ],
  "categories": [
    {
      "kind": "other",
      "name": "Latin neuter nouns in the second declension",
      "parents": [],
      "source": "w"
    },
    {
      "kind": "place",
      "name": "Landforms",
      "parents": [
        "Earth",
        "List of sets",
        "Nature",
        "All sets",
        "All topics",
        "Fundamental"
      ],
      "source": "w"
    }
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "dorsālis"
    },
    {
      "word": "dorsuālis"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "itc-pro",
        "3": "*dorsom"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Italic *dorsom",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "deorsum",
        "3": "",
        "4": "downwards"
      },
      "expansion": "deorsum (“downwards”)",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "la",
        "2": "*dēvorsum"
      },
      "expansion": "*dēvorsum",
      "name": "m"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "cel-pro",
        "2": "*drosman",
        "3": "*dros-man"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Celtic *dros-man",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "sga",
        "2": "druimm",
        "3": "",
        "4": "back, ridge"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Irish druimm (“back, ridge”)",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Italic *dorsom, with no certain cognates in any other Indo-European languages. Has been linked to deorsum (“downwards”) *dēvorsum, but their contemporaneous use suggests that one was not a phonetic development of the other. A potential connection with a Proto-Celtic *dros-man, giving Old Irish druimm (“back, ridge”), is unclear.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "dorsī",
      "tags": [
        "genitive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "dorsum"
      },
      "expansion": "dorsum n (genitive dorsī); second declension",
      "name": "la-noun"
    }
  ],
  "inflection": [
    {
      "1": "dorsum",
      "template_name": "la-ndecl"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Latin",
  "lang_code": "la",
  "pos": "noun",
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdor.sum/",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈd̪ɔɾs̠ʊ̃ˑ]",
      "tags": [
        "Classical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "/ˈdor.sum/",
      "tags": [
        "Ecclesiastical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "ipa": "[ˈd̪ɔrsum]",
      "tags": [
        "Ecclesiastical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "*dossum"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "masculine"
      ],
      "word": "dorsus"
    }
  ],
  "word": "dorsum"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2021-10-15 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2021-10-01 using wiktextract. The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.