"-ken" meaning in All languages combined

See -ken on Wiktionary

Suffix [Dutch]

Audio: Nl--ken.ogg Forms: -kens [plural]
Head templates: {{head|nl|suffix|plural|-kens|cat2=noun-forming suffixes|g=n}} -ken n (plural -kens)
  1. Alternative form of -ke Tags: alt-of, alternative, morpheme, neuter Alternative form of: -ke
    Sense id: en--ken-nl-suffix-TxRnc4fc Categories (other): Dutch entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [German]

IPA: /kən/ Forms: 1 -ken [plural], 2 -kens [plural], 3 -kes [plural]
Etymology: From -ken, German Low German form of standard -chen, from Middle Low German -kin, from Old Saxon -kīn. Etymology templates: {{bor|de|nds-de|-}} German Low German, {{der|de|gml|-kin}} Middle Low German -kin, {{der|de|osx|-kīn}} Old Saxon -kīn Head templates: {{head|de|suffix|plural 1|-ken|plural 2|-kens|plural 3|-kes|cat2=noun-forming suffixes|g=n}} -ken n (plural 1 -ken, plural 2 -kens, plural 3 -kes)
  1. (colloquial, regional, Northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives Tags: Northern-Germany, Westphalia, colloquial, morpheme, neuter, regional Derived forms: Häusken, Herzken, Käffken, Mäusken, Pülleken Related terms: Döneken, Päcksken
    Sense id: en--ken-de-suffix-Sd2hTCj9 Categories (other): German entries with incorrect language header, Northern German, Regional German

Suffix [German Low German]

Forms: -kens [plural], -kes [plural]
Head templates: {{head|nds-de|suffix|plural|-kens|or|-kes|cat2=noun-forming suffixes|g=n}} -ken n (plural -kens or -kes)
  1. used to make diminutives Tags: morpheme, neuter Synonyms: -ke [Low-Prussian], -sken, -schen Derived forms: Bömken, Engelken, Heken (english: male (animal)), Männken, Männeken, Vägelken, Seken (english: female (animal)) Related terms: -ing [Mecklenburg-Vorpommern], -je [East-Frisian], -tje, -ke
    Sense id: en--ken-nds-de-suffix-Sd2hTCj9 Categories (other): German Low German entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Indonesian]

IPA: [kən] Forms: -ken [canonical], -kên [canonical]
Head templates: {{head|id|suffix||head2=-kên}} -ken or -kên
  1. (dialect) alternative form of -kan (Java) Tags: alt-of, alternative, dialectal, morpheme Alternative form of: -kan (extra: Java)
    Sense id: en--ken-id-suffix-o5EFE4GF Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header

Romanization [Japanese]

Head templates: {{head|ja|romanization|head=|sc=Latn}} -ken
  1. Rōmaji transcription of けん Tags: Rōmaji, alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: けん

Suffix [Proto-Mongolic]

Etymology: Comparable to Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”). Etymology templates: {{noncog|tuw-pro|*-kān|t=diminutive suffix}} Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”) Head templates: {{head|xgn-pro|suffix|cat2=noun-forming suffixes}} *-ken
  1. Forms diminutive denominal nouns. Tags: morpheme, reconstruction
    Sense id: en--ken-xgn-pro-suffix-mURgHrzK Categories (other): Proto-Mongolic entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Turkish]

IPA: /cæn/ Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -ken [after-consonant, back-vowel-harmony], -ken [after-consonant, error-unrecognized-form], -yken [after-vowel, back-vowel-harmony], -yken [after-vowel, error-unrecognized-form]
Etymology: Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken). Equivalent of iken (“while”). Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|tr|ota|ـكن|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=-ken|ts=}} Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken), {{inh+|tr|ota|ـكن|tr=-ken}} Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken) Head templates: {{head|tr|suffix}} -ken
  1. while, whilst, when, as Tags: morpheme Synonyms: -kene, -kan, -kana [dialectal]
    Sense id: en--ken-tr-suffix-cOd-rLtv Categories (other): Turkish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Turkish entries with incorrect language header: 63 37
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix [Turkish]

IPA: /cen/
Etymology: From Proto-Turkic *-gan, *-gen. Etymology templates: {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{!}} |, {{tr-suffix-forms|a=an|e=en|t=g}}, {{inh|tr|trk-pro|*-gan}} Proto-Turkic *-gan Head templates: {{head|tr|suffix form}} -ken
  1. Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels E / İ / Ö / Ü. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--ken-tr-suffix-OURwx5aq
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Download JSONL data for -ken meaning in All languages combined (11.2kB)

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-kens",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural -kens)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "-ke"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -ke"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-nl-suffix-TxRnc4fc",
      "links": [
        [
          "-ke",
          "-ke#Dutch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "audio": "Nl--ken.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/20/Nl--ken.ogg/Nl--ken.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Nl--ken.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "nds-de",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "German Low German",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "-kin"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German -kin",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "osx",
        "3": "-kīn"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon -kīn",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From -ken, German Low German form of standard -chen, from Middle Low German -kin, from Old Saxon -kīn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "1 -ken",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "2 -kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "3 -kes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural 1",
        "4": "-ken",
        "5": "plural 2",
        "6": "-kens",
        "7": "plural 3",
        "8": "-kes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural 1 -ken, plural 2 -kens, plural 3 -kes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Northern German",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Regional German",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "Häusken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Herzken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Käffken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Mäusken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Pülleken"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "little house",
          "text": "Haus → Häusken",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "little village",
          "text": "Dorf → Dörfken",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "little bottle",
          "text": "Pulle → Pülleken",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-de-suffix-Sd2hTCj9",
      "links": [
        [
          "regional",
          "regional#English"
        ],
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial, regional, Northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "word": "Döneken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Päcksken"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern-Germany",
        "Westphalia",
        "colloquial",
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "regional"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kən/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds-de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-kens",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-kes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural -kens or -kes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German Low German",
  "lang_code": "nds-de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "German Low German entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "Bömken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Engelken"
        },
        {
          "english": "male (animal)",
          "word": "Heken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Männken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Männeken"
        },
        {
          "word": "Vägelken"
        },
        {
          "english": "female (animal)",
          "word": "Seken"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-nds-de-suffix-Sd2hTCj9",
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "Mecklenburg-Vorpommern"
          ],
          "word": "-ing"
        },
        {
          "tags": [
            "East-Frisian"
          ],
          "word": "-je"
        },
        {
          "word": "-tje"
        },
        {
          "word": "-ke"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "tags": [
            "Low-Prussian"
          ],
          "word": "-ke"
        },
        {
          "word": "-sken"
        },
        {
          "word": "-schen"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kên",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "",
        "head2": "-kên"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken or -kên",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "kên"
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "Java",
          "word": "-kan"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "memutuskan (standard) >> mêmutuskên (dialect)"
        },
        {
          "text": "menyatakan (standard) >> mênyatakên (dialect)"
        },
        {
          "english": "I decided, um, to declare of resignation from my post as President of the Republic of Indonesia since I read this declaration on today, Thursday, 21 May 1998.",
          "text": "Saya memutusken, ehem, untuk menyataken berhenti dari jabatan saya sebagai Presiden Republik Indonesia, terhitung sejak saya bacaken pernyataan ini pada hari ini, Kamis 21 Mei 1998.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "alternative form of -kan (Java)"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-id-suffix-o5EFE4GF",
      "links": [
        [
          "-kan",
          "-kan#Indonesian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dialect) alternative form of -kan (Java)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "dialectal",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[kən]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "けん"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese romanizations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese terms with non-redundant manual script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Rōmaji transcription of けん"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-ja-romanization-p~~3BWRw",
      "links": [
        [
          "Rōmaji",
          "romaji"
        ],
        [
          "けん",
          "けん#Japanese"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Rōmaji",
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "ـكن",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "-ken",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "ـكن",
        "tr": "-ken"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken)",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken). Equivalent of iken (“while”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tr-suffix-forms",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-consonant",
        "back-vowel-harmony"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-consonant",
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-vowel",
        "back-vowel-harmony"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-vowel",
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "63 37",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I used to run much faster when I was young.",
          "text": "Gençken daha hızlı koşardım.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Since you're out already, buy us some cat food.",
          "text": "Hazır dışarı çıkmışken bir de kedi maması al.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Right when we were about to start the dinner, the door rang.",
          "text": "Tam yemeğe başlayacakken kapı çaldı.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "while, whilst, when, as"
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-tr-suffix-cOd-rLtv",
      "links": [
        [
          "while",
          "while"
        ],
        [
          "whilst",
          "whilst"
        ],
        [
          "when",
          "when"
        ],
        [
          "as",
          "as"
        ]
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "_dis1": "76 24",
          "word": "-kene"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 24",
          "word": "-kan"
        },
        {
          "_dis1": "76 24",
          "tags": [
            "dialectal"
          ],
          "word": "-kana"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/cæn/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "an",
        "e": "en",
        "t": "g"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "tr-suffix-forms"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "trk-pro",
        "3": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-gan",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Turkic *-gan, *-gen.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "gez- (“to wander, to go about”) + -egen → gezegen (“planet”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çekin- (“to abstain, to hesitate”) + -gen → çekingen (“shy, reserved”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çalış- (“to work, to study”) + -kan → çalışkan (“hardworking”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels E / İ / Ö / Ü."
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-tr-suffix-OURwx5aq",
      "links": [
        [
          "-gan",
          "-gan#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/cen/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "*-kān",
        "t": "diminutive suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Comparable to Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Mongolic",
  "lang_code": "xgn-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Mongolic/-ken",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Mongolic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "kew (“child”) + *-ken → *kewken (“girl, daughter”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms diminutive denominal nouns."
      ],
      "id": "en--ken-xgn-pro-suffix-mURgHrzK",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}
{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-kens",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural -kens)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Dutch",
  "lang_code": "nl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "-ke"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Dutch entries with incorrect language header",
        "Dutch lemmas",
        "Dutch neuter suffixes",
        "Dutch noun-forming suffixes",
        "Dutch suffixes",
        "Dutch terms with audio links"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Alternative form of -ke"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-ke",
          "-ke#Dutch"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "audio": "Nl--ken.ogg",
      "mp3_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/transcoded/2/20/Nl--ken.ogg/Nl--ken.ogg.mp3",
      "ogg_url": "https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/Nl--ken.ogg"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "Häusken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Herzken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Käffken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Mäusken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Pülleken"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "nds-de",
        "3": "-"
      },
      "expansion": "German Low German",
      "name": "bor"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "gml",
        "3": "-kin"
      },
      "expansion": "Middle Low German -kin",
      "name": "der"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "osx",
        "3": "-kīn"
      },
      "expansion": "Old Saxon -kīn",
      "name": "der"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From -ken, German Low German form of standard -chen, from Middle Low German -kin, from Old Saxon -kīn.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "1 -ken",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "2 -kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "3 -kes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural 1",
        "4": "-ken",
        "5": "plural 2",
        "6": "-kens",
        "7": "plural 3",
        "8": "-kes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural 1 -ken, plural 2 -kens, plural 3 -kes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German",
  "lang_code": "de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "word": "Döneken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Päcksken"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "German 1-syllable words",
        "German colloquialisms",
        "German diminutive suffixes",
        "German entries with incorrect language header",
        "German lemmas",
        "German neuter suffixes",
        "German noun-forming suffixes",
        "German suffixes",
        "German terms borrowed from German Low German",
        "German terms derived from German Low German",
        "German terms derived from Middle Low German",
        "German terms derived from Old Saxon",
        "German terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "German terms with usage examples",
        "Northern German",
        "Regional German"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "little house",
          "text": "Haus → Häusken",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "little village",
          "text": "Dorf → Dörfken",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "little bottle",
          "text": "Pulle → Pülleken",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "regional",
          "regional#English"
        ],
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(colloquial, regional, Northern Germany, Westphalia) used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Northern-Germany",
        "Westphalia",
        "colloquial",
        "morpheme",
        "neuter",
        "regional"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kən/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "Bömken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Engelken"
    },
    {
      "english": "male (animal)",
      "word": "Heken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Männken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Männeken"
    },
    {
      "word": "Vägelken"
    },
    {
      "english": "female (animal)",
      "word": "Seken"
    }
  ],
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-kens",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kes",
      "tags": [
        "plural"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "nds-de",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "plural",
        "4": "-kens",
        "5": "or",
        "6": "-kes",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes",
        "g": "n"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken n (plural -kens or -kes)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "German Low German",
  "lang_code": "nds-de",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Mecklenburg-Vorpommern"
      ],
      "word": "-ing"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "East-Frisian"
      ],
      "word": "-je"
    },
    {
      "word": "-tje"
    },
    {
      "word": "-ke"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "German Low German entries with incorrect language header",
        "German Low German lemmas",
        "German Low German neuter suffixes",
        "German Low German noun-forming suffixes",
        "German Low German suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to make diminutives"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "diminutive",
          "diminutive"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "tags": [
        "Low-Prussian"
      ],
      "word": "-ke"
    },
    {
      "word": "-sken"
    },
    {
      "word": "-schen"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kên",
      "tags": [
        "canonical"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "",
        "head2": "-kên"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken or -kên",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "kên"
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "extra": "Java",
          "word": "-kan"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian dialectal terms",
        "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
        "Indonesian lemmas",
        "Indonesian suffixes",
        "Indonesian terms with IPA pronunciation",
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "memutuskan (standard) >> mêmutuskên (dialect)"
        },
        {
          "text": "menyatakan (standard) >> mênyatakên (dialect)"
        },
        {
          "english": "I decided, um, to declare of resignation from my post as President of the Republic of Indonesia since I read this declaration on today, Thursday, 21 May 1998.",
          "text": "Saya memutusken, ehem, untuk menyataken berhenti dari jabatan saya sebagai Presiden Republik Indonesia, terhitung sejak saya bacaken pernyataan ini pada hari ini, Kamis 21 Mei 1998.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "alternative form of -kan (Java)"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-kan",
          "-kan#Indonesian"
        ]
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(dialect) alternative form of -kan (Java)"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "alt-of",
        "alternative",
        "dialectal",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "[kən]"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "けん"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Japanese entries with incorrect language header",
        "Japanese non-lemma forms",
        "Japanese romanizations",
        "Japanese terms with non-redundant manual script codes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Rōmaji transcription of けん"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Rōmaji",
          "romaji"
        ],
        [
          "けん",
          "けん#Japanese"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Rōmaji",
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "*-kān",
        "t": "diminutive suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”)",
      "name": "noncog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Comparable to Proto-Tungusic *-kān (“diminutive suffix”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "suffix",
        "cat2": "noun-forming suffixes"
      },
      "expansion": "*-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Mongolic",
  "lang_code": "xgn-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Mongolic/-ken",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Mongolic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Mongolic lemmas",
        "Proto-Mongolic noun-forming suffixes",
        "Proto-Mongolic suffixes"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "kew (“child”) + *-ken → *kewken (“girl, daughter”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Forms diminutive denominal nouns."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Turkish lemmas",
    "Turkish non-lemma forms",
    "Turkish suffix forms",
    "Turkish suffixes",
    "Turkish terms derived from Ottoman Turkish",
    "Turkish terms derived from Proto-Turkic",
    "Turkish terms inherited from Ottoman Turkish",
    "Turkish terms inherited from Proto-Turkic",
    "Turkish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "ـكن",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "-ken",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken)",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "ota",
        "3": "ـكن",
        "tr": "-ken"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken)",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Ottoman Turkish ـكن (-ken). Equivalent of iken (“while”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "tr-suffix-forms",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-consonant",
        "back-vowel-harmony"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-consonant",
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-vowel",
        "back-vowel-harmony"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-yken",
      "source": "Floating Div",
      "tags": [
        "after-vowel",
        "error-unrecognized-form"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Turkish terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "I used to run much faster when I was young.",
          "text": "Gençken daha hızlı koşardım.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Since you're out already, buy us some cat food.",
          "text": "Hazır dışarı çıkmışken bir de kedi maması al.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Right when we were about to start the dinner, the door rang.",
          "text": "Tam yemeğe başlayacakken kapı çaldı.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "while, whilst, when, as"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "while",
          "while"
        ],
        [
          "whilst",
          "whilst"
        ],
        [
          "when",
          "when"
        ],
        [
          "as",
          "as"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/cæn/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-kene"
    },
    {
      "word": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "-kana"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Turkish non-lemma forms",
    "Turkish suffix forms",
    "Turkish terms derived from Proto-Turkic",
    "Turkish terms inherited from Proto-Turkic",
    "Turkish terms with IPA pronunciation"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {},
      "expansion": "|",
      "name": "!"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "a": "an",
        "e": "en",
        "t": "g"
      },
      "expansion": "",
      "name": "tr-suffix-forms"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "trk-pro",
        "3": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-gan",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Turkic *-gan, *-gen.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-ken",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "gez- (“to wander, to go about”) + -egen → gezegen (“planet”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çekin- (“to abstain, to hesitate”) + -gen → çekingen (“shy, reserved”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çalış- (“to work, to study”) + -kan → çalışkan (“hardworking”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels E / İ / Ö / Ü."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-gan",
          "-gan#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/cen/"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-kene"
    },
    {
      "word": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "dialectal"
      ],
      "word": "-kana"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-ken"
}
{
  "called_from": "inflection/735",
  "msg": "inflection table: unrecognized header: 'E / İ / Ö / Ü'",
  "path": [
    "-ken"
  ],
  "section": "Turkish",
  "subsection": "suffix",
  "title": "-ken",
  "trace": ""
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.