"-kan" meaning in All languages combined

See -kan on Wiktionary

Suffix [Bambara]

Head templates: {{head|bm|suffix}} -kan
  1. language Tags: morpheme Categories (topical): Language

Affix [Garo]

Head templates: {{head|grt|affix}} -kan
  1. 3rd person imperative, let it
    Sense id: en--kan-grt-affix-jDgMhU89 Categories (other): Garo affixes, Garo entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Indonesian]

IPA: /kan/ Forms: base [verb], -kan [imperative], meng- -kan [active], di- -kan [passive], base [noun], -kan [imperative], meng- -kan [active], di- -kan [passive]
Rhymes: -kan, -an Etymology: From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”). Etymology templates: {{inh|id|poz-mly-pro|*-kən}} Proto-Malayic *-kən, {{inh|id|poz-mly-pro|*akən}} Proto-Malayic *akən, {{doublet|id|akan|t1=will (future tense auxiliary)}} Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”) Head templates: {{head|id|suffix|verb base||imperative|-kan|active|meng- -kan|passive|di- -kan}} -kan (verb base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan), {{head|id|suffix|noun base||imperative|-kan|active|meng- -kan|passive|di- -kan}} -kan (noun base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)
  1. used to indicate transitive imperative beneficial verbs Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-id-suffix-XQo5jQ-M
  2. used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from an intransitive verb base: to order and cause the object to perform [base]. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-id-suffix-HYiOgCET Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Indonesian entries with incorrect language header: 9 37 33 10 11
  3. used to indicate transitive imperative instrumental verb, from an intransitive verb base Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-id-suffix-7t6f6bWg Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Indonesian entries with incorrect language header: 9 37 33 10 11
  4. used to indicate transitive imperative locative verb, from a noun base. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-id-suffix-dJDs7tZs Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Indonesian entries with incorrect language header: 9 37 33 10 11
  5. used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from a noun base. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-id-suffix-kaiWHYM9 Categories (other): Indonesian entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Indonesian entries with incorrect language header: 9 37 33 10 11
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms: -ken (english: Java Bazzar Malay), -in [informal] Synonyms (before a person): -i Derived forms: ber- -kan, di- -kan, meng- -kan
Disambiguation of 'before a person': 19 19 21 21 21

Romanization [Japanese]

Head templates: {{head|ja|romanization|head=|sc=Latn}} -kan
  1. Rōmaji transcription of かん Tags: Rōmaji, alt-of, romanization Alternative form of: かん

Suffix [Malay]

IPA: /kan/
Rhymes: -kan, -an Etymology: From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Related to akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”). Etymology templates: {{inh|ms|poz-mly-pro|*-kən}} Proto-Malayic *-kən, {{inh|ms|poz-mly-pro|*akən}} Proto-Malayic *akən Head templates: {{head|ms|suffix}} -kan
  1. Used to indicate transitive imperative verbs Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-ms-suffix-L5YXRYYs
  2. (before an object) Used to form transitive verbs Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-ms-suffix-036rGB3F Categories (other): Malay entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Malay entries with incorrect language header: 12 88
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Synonyms (before a person): -i
Disambiguation of 'before a person': 49 51

Noun [Ojibwe]

Head templates: {{head|oj|noun|obligatorily possessed|cat2=inanimate nouns|cat3=dependent inanimate nouns}} -kan (obligatorily possessed)
  1. bone Tags: possessed-form Categories (topical): Body parts Derived forms: gikan, nikan, okan Related terms: -gan (english: final for bone), -gan-

Suffix [Proto-Tungusic]

Etymology: Akin to Proto-Turkic *-gan, Proto-Mongolic *-gan. Etymology templates: {{cog|trk-pro|*-gan}} Proto-Turkic *-gan, {{cog|xgn-pro|*-gan}} Proto-Mongolic *-gan Head templates: {{head|tuw-pro|suffix}} *-kan
  1. Suffix creating noun from a verb. Tags: morpheme, reconstruction Synonyms: -ken Related terms: eyi-ken (english: donkey), šimuč-ken (english: small finger), tüp-ken (english: nail, peg; fingernail), xaču-kan (english: kettle), sia-kan (english: pendants on ear-ring), biri-ken (english: planking; tent, construction; fence)
    Sense id: en--kan-tuw-pro-suffix-280Ca-fp Categories (other): Proto-Tungusic entries with incorrect language header

Suffix [Turkish]

IPA: /kan/
Head templates: {{head|tr|suffix form}} -kan
  1. Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels A / I / O / U. Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--kan-tr-suffix-bjh3v7D- Categories (other): Turkish entries with incorrect language header

Inflected forms

Alternative forms

Download JSON data for -kan meaning in All languages combined (13.3kB)

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bambara",
  "lang_code": "bm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Bambara entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Bambara entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Bambara terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "bm",
          "name": "Language",
          "orig": "bm:Language",
          "parents": [
            "Communication",
            "All topics",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "language"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-bm-suffix-pO8wS6Qq",
      "links": [
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grt",
        "2": "affix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Garo",
  "lang_code": "grt",
  "pos": "affix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Garo affixes",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Garo entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "let him sleep",
          "text": "tusikan",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "3rd person imperative, let it"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-grt-affix-jDgMhU89",
      "links": [
        [
          "let it",
          "let it"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "_dis1": "3 47 39 4 6",
      "word": "ber- -kan"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "3 47 39 4 6",
      "word": "di- -kan"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "3 47 39 4 6",
      "word": "meng- -kan"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*-kən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *-kən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*akən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *akən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "akan",
        "t1": "will (future tense auxiliary)"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "base",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meng- -kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "active"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "di- -kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "base",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meng- -kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "active"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "di- -kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "10": "di- -kan",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "verb base",
        "4": "",
        "5": "imperative",
        "6": "-kan",
        "7": "active",
        "8": "meng- -kan",
        "9": "passive"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (verb base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "10": "di- -kan",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "noun base",
        "4": "",
        "5": "imperative",
        "6": "-kan",
        "7": "active",
        "8": "meng- -kan",
        "9": "passive"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (noun base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Buy me a pencil! (literally, “order someone to buy a pencil for me.”)",
          "text": "Belikan aku sebatang pensil!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative beneficial verbs"
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "id": "en--kan-id-suffix-XQo5jQ-M",
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "beneficial",
          "beneficial#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 37 33 10 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Wake up, Siti! (literally, “order someone to wake up Siti.”)",
          "text": "Bangunkan Siti!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from an intransitive verb base: to order and cause the object to perform [base]."
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "id": "en--kan-id-suffix-HYiOgCET",
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "causative",
          "causative#English"
        ],
        [
          "intransitive",
          "intransitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 37 33 10 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Thrust this knife into that tiger’s belly!",
          "text": "Tikamkan belati ini ke perut harimau itu!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative instrumental verb, from an intransitive verb base"
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "id": "en--kan-id-suffix-7t6f6bWg",
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "instrumental",
          "instrumental#English"
        ],
        [
          "intransitive",
          "intransitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 37 33 10 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Take that book to the market!",
          "text": "Pasarkan buku itu!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Take this chair into the warehouse!",
          "text": "Gudangkan kursi ini!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative locative verb, from a noun base."
      ],
      "head_nr": 2,
      "id": "en--kan-id-suffix-dJDs7tZs",
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "locative",
          "locative#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "9 37 33 10 11",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Make the person to be a korban (“sacrifice”)",
          "text": "Korbankan dia!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from a noun base."
      ],
      "head_nr": 2,
      "id": "en--kan-id-suffix-kaiWHYM9",
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "causative",
          "causative#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-an"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "3 47 39 4 6",
      "english": "Java Bazzar Malay",
      "word": "-ken"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "3 47 39 4 6",
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "word": "-in"
    },
    {
      "_dis1": "19 19 21 21 21",
      "sense": "before a person",
      "word": "-i"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "かん"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese romanizations",
          "parents": [],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Japanese terms with non-redundant manual script codes",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant manual script codes",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Rōmaji transcription of かん"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-ja-romanization-OHizI2YD",
      "links": [
        [
          "Rōmaji",
          "romaji"
        ],
        [
          "かん",
          "かん#Japanese"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Rōmaji",
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*-kən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *-kən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*akən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *akən",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Related to akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Malay",
  "lang_code": "ms",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Buy me a pen.",
          "text": "Belikan saya sebatang pen.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Ban this activity.",
          "text": "Haramkan aktiviti ini.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Come hither. The fourth for debtors.",
          "ref": "1303 CE, Terengganu Inscription Stone",
          "roman": "Datang berikan. Keempat orang berpiutan",
          "text": "داٮع ٮرىكں، كامڡ[تْ]اورع ٮرٯهوٮع",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to indicate transitive imperative verbs"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-ms-suffix-L5YXRYYs",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "12 88",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Malay entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Like a leader, King Parrot told his plan to the other parrots.",
          "ref": "1371 CE [c. 1296–1316 CE], Kadi Hasan, Hikayat Bayan Budiman (fiction), translation of Tutinama by Ziya' al-Din Nakhshabi (in Persian); transcribed from Jawi script into the Latin alphabet Ekawati Ekawati, Doni Setiyawan, editors, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, 2016",
          "text": "Sebagai pemimpin, Raja Bayan menyampaikan idenya kepada bayan-bayan yang lain.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form transitive verbs"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-ms-suffix-036rGB3F",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(before an object) Used to form transitive verbs"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "before an object"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-an"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "_dis1": "49 51",
      "sense": "before a person",
      "word": "-i"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oj",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "obligatorily possessed",
        "cat2": "inanimate nouns",
        "cat3": "dependent inanimate nouns"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (obligatorily possessed)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Ojibwe",
  "lang_code": "oj",
  "pos": "noun",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Ojibwe entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Ojibwe entries with topic categories using raw markup",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with topic categories using raw markup",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Ojibwe terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
          "parents": [
            "Terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        },
        {
          "kind": "topical",
          "langcode": "oj",
          "name": "Body parts",
          "orig": "oj:Body parts",
          "parents": [
            "Body",
            "Anatomy",
            "Human",
            "Biology",
            "Medicine",
            "All topics",
            "Sciences",
            "Fundamental"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "derived": [
        {
          "word": "gikan"
        },
        {
          "word": "nikan"
        },
        {
          "word": "okan"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bone"
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-oj-noun-yNrPZX~p",
      "links": [
        [
          "bone",
          "bone"
        ]
      ],
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "final for bone",
          "word": "-gan"
        },
        {
          "word": "-gan-"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "possessed-form"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "gez- (“to wander, to go about”) + -egen → gezegen (“planet”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çekin- (“to abstain, to hesitate”) + -gen → çekingen (“shy, reserved”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çalış- (“to work, to study”) + -kan → çalışkan (“hardworking”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels A / I / O / U."
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-tr-suffix-bjh3v7D-",
      "links": [
        [
          "-gan",
          "-gan#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-gan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *-gan",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Akin to Proto-Turkic *-gan, Proto-Mongolic *-gan.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Tungusic",
  "lang_code": "tuw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Tungusic/-kan",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Proto-Tungusic entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix creating noun from a verb."
      ],
      "id": "en--kan-tuw-pro-suffix-280Ca-fp",
      "related": [
        {
          "english": "donkey",
          "word": "eyi-ken"
        },
        {
          "english": "small finger",
          "word": "šimuč-ken"
        },
        {
          "english": "nail, peg; fingernail",
          "word": "tüp-ken"
        },
        {
          "english": "kettle",
          "word": "xaču-kan"
        },
        {
          "english": "pendants on ear-ring",
          "word": "sia-kan"
        },
        {
          "english": "planking; tent, construction; fence",
          "word": "biri-ken"
        }
      ],
      "synonyms": [
        {
          "word": "-ken"
        }
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}
{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "bm",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Bambara",
  "lang_code": "bm",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Bambara entries with incorrect language header",
        "Bambara entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Bambara lemmas",
        "Bambara suffixes",
        "Bambara terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "bm:Language"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "language"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "language",
          "language"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "grt",
        "2": "affix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Garo",
  "lang_code": "grt",
  "pos": "affix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Garo affixes",
        "Garo entries with incorrect language header",
        "Garo lemmas",
        "Garo terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "let him sleep",
          "text": "tusikan",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "3rd person imperative, let it"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "let it",
          "let it"
        ]
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Indonesian 1-syllable words",
    "Indonesian doublets",
    "Indonesian entries with incorrect language header",
    "Indonesian lemmas",
    "Indonesian suffixes",
    "Indonesian terms derived from Proto-Malayic",
    "Indonesian terms inherited from Proto-Malayic",
    "Indonesian terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Indonesian/an",
    "Rhymes:Indonesian/kan"
  ],
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "ber- -kan"
    },
    {
      "word": "di- -kan"
    },
    {
      "word": "meng- -kan"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*-kən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *-kən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*akən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *akən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "2": "akan",
        "t1": "will (future tense auxiliary)"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”)",
      "name": "doublet"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Doublet of akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”).",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "base",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "verb"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meng- -kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "active"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "di- -kan",
      "head_nr": 1,
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "base",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "noun"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "imperative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "meng- -kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "active"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "di- -kan",
      "head_nr": 2,
      "tags": [
        "passive"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "10": "di- -kan",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "verb base",
        "4": "",
        "5": "imperative",
        "6": "-kan",
        "7": "active",
        "8": "meng- -kan",
        "9": "passive"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (verb base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)",
      "name": "head"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "id",
        "10": "di- -kan",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "noun base",
        "4": "",
        "5": "imperative",
        "6": "-kan",
        "7": "active",
        "8": "meng- -kan",
        "9": "passive"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (noun base, imperative -kan, active meng- -kan, passive di- -kan)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Indonesian",
  "lang_code": "id",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Buy me a pencil! (literally, “order someone to buy a pencil for me.”)",
          "text": "Belikan aku sebatang pensil!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative beneficial verbs"
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "beneficial",
          "beneficial#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Wake up, Siti! (literally, “order someone to wake up Siti.”)",
          "text": "Bangunkan Siti!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from an intransitive verb base: to order and cause the object to perform [base]."
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "causative",
          "causative#English"
        ],
        [
          "intransitive",
          "intransitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Thrust this knife into that tiger’s belly!",
          "text": "Tikamkan belati ini ke perut harimau itu!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative instrumental verb, from an intransitive verb base"
      ],
      "head_nr": 1,
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "instrumental",
          "instrumental#English"
        ],
        [
          "intransitive",
          "intransitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "verb",
          "verb#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Take that book to the market!",
          "text": "Pasarkan buku itu!",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Take this chair into the warehouse!",
          "text": "Gudangkan kursi ini!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative locative verb, from a noun base."
      ],
      "head_nr": 2,
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "locative",
          "locative#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Indonesian terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Make the person to be a korban (“sacrifice”)",
          "text": "Korbankan dia!",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to indicate transitive imperative causative verb, from a noun base."
      ],
      "head_nr": 2,
      "links": [
        [
          "transitive",
          "transitive#English"
        ],
        [
          "imperative",
          "imperative#English"
        ],
        [
          "causative",
          "causative#English"
        ],
        [
          "noun",
          "noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-an"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "english": "Java Bazzar Malay",
      "word": "-ken"
    },
    {
      "sense": "before a person",
      "word": "-i"
    },
    {
      "tags": [
        "informal"
      ],
      "word": "-in"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ja",
        "2": "romanization",
        "head": "",
        "sc": "Latn"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Japanese",
  "lang_code": "ja",
  "pos": "romanization",
  "senses": [
    {
      "alt_of": [
        {
          "word": "かん"
        }
      ],
      "categories": [
        "Japanese entries with incorrect language header",
        "Japanese non-lemma forms",
        "Japanese romanizations",
        "Japanese terms with non-redundant manual script codes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Rōmaji transcription of かん"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "Rōmaji",
          "romaji"
        ],
        [
          "かん",
          "かん#Japanese"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "Rōmaji",
        "alt-of",
        "romanization"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Malay 1-syllable words",
    "Malay entries with incorrect language header",
    "Malay lemmas",
    "Malay suffixes",
    "Malay terms derived from Proto-Malayic",
    "Malay terms inherited from Proto-Malayic",
    "Malay terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Rhymes:Malay/an",
    "Rhymes:Malay/kan"
  ],
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*-kən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *-kən",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "poz-mly-pro",
        "3": "*akən"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Malayic *akən",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "From Proto-Malayic *-kən, shortened form of Proto-Malayic *akən. Related to akan (“will (future tense auxiliary)”).",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "ms",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Malay",
  "lang_code": "ms",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Malay terms with quotations",
        "Malay terms with usage examples"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Buy me a pen.",
          "text": "Belikan saya sebatang pen.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Ban this activity.",
          "text": "Haramkan aktiviti ini.",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "english": "Come hither. The fourth for debtors.",
          "ref": "1303 CE, Terengganu Inscription Stone",
          "roman": "Datang berikan. Keempat orang berpiutan",
          "text": "داٮع ٮرىكں، كامڡ[تْ]اورع ٮرٯهوٮع",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to indicate transitive imperative verbs"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Malay terms with quotations"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "english": "Like a leader, King Parrot told his plan to the other parrots.",
          "ref": "1371 CE [c. 1296–1316 CE], Kadi Hasan, Hikayat Bayan Budiman (fiction), translation of Tutinama by Ziya' al-Din Nakhshabi (in Persian); transcribed from Jawi script into the Latin alphabet Ekawati Ekawati, Doni Setiyawan, editors, Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, 2016",
          "text": "Sebagai pemimpin, Raja Bayan menyampaikan idenya kepada bayan-bayan yang lain.",
          "type": "quotation"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Used to form transitive verbs"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(before an object) Used to form transitive verbs"
      ],
      "raw_tags": [
        "before an object"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-kan"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-an"
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "sense": "before a person",
      "word": "-i"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "derived": [
    {
      "word": "gikan"
    },
    {
      "word": "nikan"
    },
    {
      "word": "okan"
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "oj",
        "2": "noun",
        "3": "obligatorily possessed",
        "cat2": "inanimate nouns",
        "cat3": "dependent inanimate nouns"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan (obligatorily possessed)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Ojibwe",
  "lang_code": "oj",
  "pos": "noun",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "final for bone",
      "word": "-gan"
    },
    {
      "word": "-gan-"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Ojibwe dependent inanimate nouns",
        "Ojibwe entries with incorrect language header",
        "Ojibwe entries with topic categories using raw markup",
        "Ojibwe inanimate nouns",
        "Ojibwe lemmas",
        "Ojibwe nouns",
        "Ojibwe terms with non-redundant non-automated sortkeys",
        "oj:Body parts"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "bone"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "bone",
          "bone"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "possessed-form"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "trk-pro",
        "2": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Turkic *-gan",
      "name": "cog"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "xgn-pro",
        "2": "*-gan"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Mongolic *-gan",
      "name": "cog"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Akin to Proto-Turkic *-gan, Proto-Mongolic *-gan.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tuw-pro",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "*-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Proto-Tungusic",
  "lang_code": "tuw-pro",
  "original_title": "Reconstruction:Proto-Tungusic/-kan",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "related": [
    {
      "english": "donkey",
      "word": "eyi-ken"
    },
    {
      "english": "small finger",
      "word": "šimuč-ken"
    },
    {
      "english": "nail, peg; fingernail",
      "word": "tüp-ken"
    },
    {
      "english": "kettle",
      "word": "xaču-kan"
    },
    {
      "english": "pendants on ear-ring",
      "word": "sia-kan"
    },
    {
      "english": "planking; tent, construction; fence",
      "word": "biri-ken"
    }
  ],
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Proto-Tungusic entries with incorrect language header",
        "Proto-Tungusic lemmas",
        "Proto-Tungusic suffixes"
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Suffix creating noun from a verb."
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme",
        "reconstruction"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "synonyms": [
    {
      "word": "-ken"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

{
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "tr",
        "2": "suffix form"
      },
      "expansion": "-kan",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Turkish",
  "lang_code": "tr",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        "Turkish entries with incorrect language header",
        "Turkish non-lemma forms",
        "Turkish suffix forms",
        "Turkish terms with IPA pronunciation"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "gez- (“to wander, to go about”) + -egen → gezegen (“planet”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çekin- (“to abstain, to hesitate”) + -gen → çekingen (“shy, reserved”)",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "çalış- (“to work, to study”) + -kan → çalışkan (“hardworking”)",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "Assimilated form of -gan after the vowels A / I / O / U."
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "-gan",
          "-gan#Turkish"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/kan/"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-kan"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable All languages combined dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-06-04 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-05-02 using wiktextract (e9e0a99 and db5a844). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.