"-a" meaning in Polish

See -a in All languages combined, or Wiktionary

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-a|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-a}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh|pl|ine-pro|*-éh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂ Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|g=f}} -a f Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun|-a|-y|-y||-ie|-om|-ę|-y|-ą|-ami|-ie|-ach|-o|-y}} Forms: no-table-tags [table-tags], -a [nominative, singular], -y [nominative, plural], -y [genitive, singular], - [genitive, plural], -ie [dative, singular], -om [dative, plural], [accusative, singular], -y [accusative, plural], -ą [instrumental, singular], -ami [instrumental, plural], -ie [locative, singular], -ach [locative, plural], -o [singular, vocative], -y [plural, vocative]
  1. forms nominative feminine nouns Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-mE3f4M5m
  2. forms feminine names from masculine names Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-CAg94lsg
  3. (obsolete) forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of short forms of adjectives Tags: feminine, morpheme, obsolete
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-ohU4J0Mp Categories (other): Polish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Polish entries with incorrect language header: 4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-a|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-a}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh|pl|ine-pro|*-éh₂}} Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂ Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|feminine|-yni|g=m-pr}} -a m pers (feminine -yni) Inflection templates: {{pl-decl-noun|-a|-owie/-y (deprecative)|-y|-ów|-ie|-om|-ę|-ów|-ą|-ami|-ie|-ach|-o|-y}} Forms: -yni [feminine], no-table-tags [table-tags], -a [nominative, singular], -owie [nominative, plural], -y [derogatory, nominative, plural], -y [genitive, singular], -ów [genitive, plural], -ie [dative, singular], -om [dative, plural], [accusative, singular], -ów [accusative, plural], -ą [instrumental, singular], -ami [instrumental, plural], -ie [locative, singular], -ach [locative, plural], -o [singular, vocative], -y [plural, vocative]
  1. forms masculine personal agent nouns Tags: masculine, morpheme, person
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-9RNTnCSx Categories (other): Polish entries with incorrect language header, Polish links with manual fragments, Polish links with redundant alt parameters, Polish links with redundant wikilinks Disambiguation of Polish entries with incorrect language header: 4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4 Disambiguation of Polish links with manual fragments: 12 10 27 51 Disambiguation of Polish links with redundant alt parameters: 10 8 28 55 Disambiguation of Polish links with redundant wikilinks: 10 8 28 55
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 1

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Old Polish -á, from Proto-Slavic *-aja. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|zlw-opl|-a|-á||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Old Polish -á, {{inh+|pl|zlw-opl|-a|-á}} Inherited from Old Polish -á, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-aja}} Proto-Slavic *-aja Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|g=f}} -a f
  1. forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of adjectives Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-Y4LYRzgL
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 2

Suffix

IPA: /a/ Forms: -e [neuter]
Rhymes: -a Etymology: table Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia. Etymology templates: {{etymid|pl|-ia}} table, {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-ьja|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-ьja, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-ьja}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja, {{dbt|pl|-ia}} Doublet of -ia Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix|neuter|-e|g=f}} -a f (neuter -e)
  1. forms collective nouns, causes palatalization Tags: feminine, morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-gTgSiCB4 Categories (other): Polish entries with incorrect language header Disambiguation of Polish entries with incorrect language header: 4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: table Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia. Etymology templates: {{etymid|pl|-ia}} table, {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-ьja|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-ьja, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-ьja}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja, {{dbt|pl|-ia}} Doublet of -ia Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix}} -a
  1. forms some plural forms, causes palatalization Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-VpPeKEEm
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 3

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éad, the thematic ablative suffix. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-a|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-a}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh|pl|ine-pro|*-éad}} Proto-Indo-European *-éad Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix}} -a
  1. used to create the masculine genitive singular, usually of animate nouns, but also of some inanimate nouns Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-eTwMNdIB
  2. forms genitive singular of neuter nouns Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-maDxf2aA
  3. used in some adverbial constructions Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-SKHSNA4L
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 4

Suffix

IPA: /a/
Rhymes: -a Etymology: Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a. Etymology templates: {{glossary|Inherited}} Inherited, {{inh|pl|sla-pro|*-a|||g=|g2=|g3=|id=|lit=|nocat=|pos=|sc=|sort=|tr=|ts=}} Proto-Slavic *-a, {{inh+|pl|sla-pro|*-a}} Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a Head templates: {{head|pl|suffix}} -a
  1. forms the nominative plural of neuter nouns Tags: morpheme
    Sense id: en--a-pl-suffix-0lA2~toD
The following are not (yet) sense-disambiguated
Etymology number: 5

Download JSONL data for -a meaning in Polish (12.8kB)

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-a",
        "10": "-ami",
        "11": "-ie",
        "12": "-ach",
        "13": "-o",
        "14": "-y",
        "2": "-y",
        "3": "-y",
        "4": "",
        "5": "-ie",
        "6": "-om",
        "7": "-ę",
        "8": "-y",
        "9": "-ą"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms nominative feminine nouns"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-mE3f4M5m",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Zdzisław + -a → Zdzisława",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine names from masculine names"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-CAg94lsg",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "rad + -a → rada.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of short forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-ohU4J0Mp",
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of short forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-yni",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-owie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "derogatory",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "feminine",
        "4": "-yni",
        "g": "m-pr"
      },
      "expansion": "-a m pers (feminine -yni)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-a",
        "10": "-ami",
        "11": "-ie",
        "12": "-ach",
        "13": "-o",
        "14": "-y",
        "2": "-owie/-y (deprecative)",
        "3": "-y",
        "4": "-ów",
        "5": "-ie",
        "6": "-om",
        "7": "-ę",
        "8": "-ów",
        "9": "-ą"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "12 10 27 51",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with manual fragments",
          "parents": [
            "Links with manual fragments",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 8 28 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant alt parameters",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        },
        {
          "_dis": "10 8 28 55",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
          "parents": [
            "Links with redundant wikilinks",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms masculine personal agent nouns"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-9RNTnCSx",
      "links": [
        [
          "agent nouns",
          "agent noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "-a",
        "4": "-á",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish -á",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "-a",
        "4": "-á"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish -á",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-aja"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-aja",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish -á, from Proto-Slavic *-aja.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "główny + -a → główna",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-Y4LYRzgL",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ia",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nInherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-e",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "neuter",
        "4": "-e",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f (neuter -e)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "categories": [
        {
          "_dis": "4 2 12 26 3 28 1 6 5 9 4",
          "kind": "other",
          "name": "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
          "parents": [
            "Entries with incorrect language header",
            "Entry maintenance"
          ],
          "source": "w+disamb"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms collective nouns, causes palatalization"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-gTgSiCB4",
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ia",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nInherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "brat + -a → bracia",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms some plural forms, causes palatalization"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-VpPeKEEm",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éad"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éad",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éad, the thematic ablative suffix.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Zdzisław + -a → Zdzisława",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "but + -a → buta",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to create the masculine genitive singular, usually of animate nouns, but also of some inanimate nouns"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-eTwMNdIB",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "zdanie + -a → zdania",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms genitive singular of neuter nouns"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-maDxf2aA",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "od dawna"
        },
        {
          "text": "zgoła"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used in some adverbial constructions"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-SKHSNA4L",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "zdanie + -a → zdania",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms the nominative plural of neuter nouns"
      ],
      "id": "en--a-pl-suffix-0lA2~toD",
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}
{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish feminine suffixes",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish links with manual fragments",
    "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Polish masculine suffixes",
    "Polish personal suffixes",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
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    {
      "args": {
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        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-a",
        "10": "-ami",
        "11": "-ie",
        "12": "-ach",
        "13": "-o",
        "14": "-y",
        "2": "-y",
        "3": "-y",
        "4": "",
        "5": "-ie",
        "6": "-om",
        "7": "-ę",
        "8": "-y",
        "9": "-ą"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms nominative feminine nouns"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Zdzisław + -a → Zdzisława",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine names from masculine names"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "categories": [
        "Polish terms with obsolete senses"
      ],
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "rad + -a → rada.",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of short forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "raw_glosses": [
        "(obsolete) forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of short forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme",
        "obsolete"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish feminine suffixes",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish links with manual fragments",
    "Polish links with redundant alt parameters",
    "Polish links with redundant wikilinks",
    "Polish masculine suffixes",
    "Polish personal suffixes",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 1,
  "etymology_templates": [
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      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
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    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éh₂"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₂.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-yni",
      "tags": [
        "feminine"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "no-table-tags",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "table-tags"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "pl-decl-noun",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "inflection-template"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-a",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-owie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "derogatory",
        "nominative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "genitive",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-om",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "dative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ę",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ów",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "accusative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ą",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ami",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "instrumental",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ie",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "singular"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-ach",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "locative",
        "plural"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-o",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "singular",
        "vocative"
      ]
    },
    {
      "form": "-y",
      "source": "declension",
      "tags": [
        "plural",
        "vocative"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "feminine",
        "4": "-yni",
        "g": "m-pr"
      },
      "expansion": "-a m pers (feminine -yni)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "inflection_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "-a",
        "10": "-ami",
        "11": "-ie",
        "12": "-ach",
        "13": "-o",
        "14": "-y",
        "2": "-owie/-y (deprecative)",
        "3": "-y",
        "4": "-ów",
        "5": "-ie",
        "6": "-om",
        "7": "-ę",
        "8": "-ów",
        "9": "-ą"
      },
      "name": "pl-decl-noun"
    }
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms masculine personal agent nouns"
      ],
      "links": [
        [
          "agent nouns",
          "agent noun#English"
        ]
      ],
      "tags": [
        "masculine",
        "morpheme",
        "person"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish feminine suffixes",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Old Polish",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Old Polish",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 2,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "-a",
        "4": "-á",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Old Polish -á",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "zlw-opl",
        "3": "-a",
        "4": "-á"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Old Polish -á",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-aja"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-aja",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Old Polish -á, from Proto-Slavic *-aja.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "główny + -a → główna",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms feminine nominative and vocative forms of adjectives"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish doublets",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish feminine suffixes",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ia",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nInherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia.",
  "forms": [
    {
      "form": "-e",
      "tags": [
        "neuter"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix",
        "3": "neuter",
        "4": "-e",
        "g": "f"
      },
      "expansion": "-a f (neuter -e)",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "glosses": [
        "forms collective nouns, causes palatalization"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "feminine",
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish doublets",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish feminine suffixes",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 3,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "table",
      "name": "etymid"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-ьja"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "-ia"
      },
      "expansion": "Doublet of -ia",
      "name": "dbt"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "table\nInherited from Proto-Slavic *-ьja. Doublet of -ia.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "brat + -a → bracia",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms some plural forms, causes palatalization"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Indo-European",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 4,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "ine-pro",
        "3": "*-éad"
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Indo-European *-éad",
      "name": "inh"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a, from Proto-Indo-European *-éad, the thematic ablative suffix.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "Zdzisław + -a → Zdzisława",
          "type": "example"
        },
        {
          "text": "but + -a → buta",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used to create the masculine genitive singular, usually of animate nouns, but also of some inanimate nouns"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "zdanie + -a → zdania",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms genitive singular of neuter nouns"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    },
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "od dawna"
        },
        {
          "text": "zgoła"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "used in some adverbial constructions"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

{
  "categories": [
    "Pages with raw sortkeys",
    "Polish 1-syllable words",
    "Polish entries with incorrect language header",
    "Polish lemmas",
    "Polish suffixes",
    "Polish terms derived from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms inherited from Proto-Slavic",
    "Polish terms with IPA pronunciation",
    "Polish terms with audio links",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a",
    "Rhymes:Polish/a/1 syllable"
  ],
  "etymology_number": 5,
  "etymology_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "Inherited"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited",
      "name": "glossary"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a",
        "4": "",
        "5": "",
        "g": "",
        "g2": "",
        "g3": "",
        "id": "",
        "lit": "",
        "nocat": "",
        "pos": "",
        "sc": "",
        "sort": "",
        "tr": "",
        "ts": ""
      },
      "expansion": "Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh"
    },
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "sla-pro",
        "3": "*-a"
      },
      "expansion": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a",
      "name": "inh+"
    }
  ],
  "etymology_text": "Inherited from Proto-Slavic *-a.",
  "head_templates": [
    {
      "args": {
        "1": "pl",
        "2": "suffix"
      },
      "expansion": "-a",
      "name": "head"
    }
  ],
  "hyphenation": [
    "a"
  ],
  "lang": "Polish",
  "lang_code": "pl",
  "pos": "suffix",
  "senses": [
    {
      "examples": [
        {
          "text": "zdanie + -a → zdania",
          "type": "example"
        }
      ],
      "glosses": [
        "forms the nominative plural of neuter nouns"
      ],
      "tags": [
        "morpheme"
      ]
    }
  ],
  "sounds": [
    {
      "ipa": "/a/"
    },
    {
      "rhymes": "-a"
    }
  ],
  "word": "-a"
}

This page is a part of the kaikki.org machine-readable Polish dictionary. This dictionary is based on structured data extracted on 2024-07-22 from the enwiktionary dump dated 2024-07-20 using wiktextract (0af6c06 and 6aeea9b). The data shown on this site has been post-processed and various details (e.g., extra categories) removed, some information disambiguated, and additional data merged from other sources. See the raw data download page for the unprocessed wiktextract data.

If you use this data in academic research, please cite Tatu Ylonen: Wiktextract: Wiktionary as Machine-Readable Structured Data, Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pp. 1317-1325, Marseille, 20-25 June 2022. Linking to the relevant page(s) under https://kaikki.org would also be greatly appreciated.